List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CN
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CNA3||Springwater (Barrie Airpark) Aerodrome||Springwater||ON|
|CNA5||Uxbridge (Cottage Hospital) Heliport||Uxbridge||ON|
|CNB3||North Bay (North Bay Regional Health Centre) Heliport||North Bay, Ontario||ON|
|CNB4||Cobourg (Northumberland Hills Hospital) Heliport||Cobourg||ON|
|CNB5||Arnprior Water Aerodrome||Arnprior||ON|
|CNB7||Moosonee Water Aerodrome||Moosonee||ON|
|CNB8||Sudbury/Ramsey Lake Water Aerodrome||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CNC2||Cornwall (NAV Centre) Heliport||Cornwall||ON|
|CNC5||Sudbury/Azilda Water Aerodrome||Greater Sudbury||ON|
|CNC7||Lake Muskoka/Mortimer's Point Water Aerodrome||Port Carling||ON|
|CNC8||Temagami Water Aerodrome||Temagami||ON|
|CNC9||Perth (Great War Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Perth||ON|
|CND4||Haliburton/Stanhope Municipal Airport||Haliburton||ON|
|CND6||Granitehill Lake Water Aerodrome||Hornepayne||ON|
|CND7||New Denver (Health Centre) Heliport||New Denver||BC|
|CND9||Portage Lake Water Aerodrome||Portage Lake||ON|
|CNE3||XBE||Bearskin Lake Airport||Bearskin Lake||ON|
|CNE4||Iroquois Falls Airport||Iroquois Falls||ON|
|CNE5||Bar River Water Aerodrome||Bar River||ON|
|CNE6||Geraldton/Hutchison Lake Water Aerodrome||Geraldton||ON|
|CNE7||Nakina Water Aerodrome||Nakina||ON|
|CNF2||Haliburton (Hospital) Heliport||Haliburton||ON|
|CNF4||Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay) Aerodrome||Lindsay||ON|
|CNF9||Niagara Falls/Niagara South Airport||Niagara Falls||ON|
|CNG2||New Glasgow (Aberdeen Hospital) Heliport||New Glasgow,||NS|
|CNG5||Pembroke (Regional Hospital) Heliport||Pembroke||ON|
|CNG6||Walkerton (County Of Bruce General Hospital) Heliport||Walkerton||ON|
|CNG8||Niagara Falls (Greater Niagara General Hospital) Heliport||Niagara Falls||ON|
|CNH4||St. Catharines (Niagara Health System) Heliport||St. Catharines||ON|
|CNH6||Hawk Junction Water Aerodrome||Hawk Junction||ON|
|CNH7||North Bay Water Aerodrome||North Bay, Ontario||ON|
|CNH9||Nanaimo (West Coast) Heliport||Nanaimo||BC|
|CNJ5||Hearst/Carey Lake Water Aerodrome||Hearst||ON|
|CNJ6||Hornepayne Water Aerodrome||Hornepayne||ON|
|CNJ8||YWR||White River Water Aerodrome||White River||ON|
|CNK4||YPD||Parry Sound Area Municipal Airport||Parry Sound||ON|
|CNK6||Owen Sound (Grey Bruce Health Services) Heliport||Owen Sound||ON|
|CNK9||Kitchener-Waterloo (Grand River Hospital) Heliport||Regional Municipality of Waterloo||ON|
|CNL2||Fort McMurray (North Liege) Aerodrome||Fort McMurray||AB|
|CNL3||XBR||Brockville Regional Tackaberry Airport||Brockville||ON|
|CNL4||Port Elgin Airport||Port Elgin||ON|
|CNL6||Renfrew/Hurds Lake Water Aerodrome||Renfrew||ON|
|CNL7||Nobel/Lumsden Air Park||Nobel||ON|
|CNL8||Wyevale (Boker Field) Airport||Wyevale||ON|
|CNL9||Nueltin Lake Airport||Nueltin Lake||MB|
|CNM3||Sturgeon Falls (West Nipissing General Hospital) Heliport||Sturgeon Falls||ON|
|CNM5||KIF||Kingfisher Lake Airport||Kingfisher Lake||ON|
|CNN3||Shelburne/Fisher Field Aerodrome||Shelburne||ON|
|CNN5||Cochrane Water Aerodrome||Cochrane||ON|
|CNN7||Gooderham/Pencil Lake Water Aerodrome||Gooderham||ON|
|CNP3||Arnprior/South Renfrew Municipal Airport||Arnprior||ON|
|CNP5||Combermere/Kamaniskeg Lake Water Aerodrome||Combermere||ON|
|CNQ3||Niagara Central Dorothy Rungeling Airport||Welland||ON|
|CNQ5||Constance Lake Water Aerodrome||Constance Lake||ON|
|CNQ6||Keene/Elmhirst's Resort Water Aerodrome||Keene||ON|
|CNQ7||Port Loring Water Aerodrome||Port Loring||ON|
|CNR3||Sault Ste. Marie Heliport||Sault Ste. Marie||ON|
|CNR6||Carleton Place Airport||Carleton Place||ON|
|CNR9||Arnstein Airport||Port Loring||ON|
|CNS2||Smoky Lake Water Aerodrome||Port Loring||ON|
|CNS3||Englehart (District Hospital) Heliport||Englehart||ON|
|CNS9||Smiths Falls (Community Hospital) Heliport||Smiths Falls||ON|
|CNT2||Nobel/Sawdust Bay Water Aerodrome||Nobel||ON|
|CNT3||YOG||Ogoki Post Airport||Ogoki Post||ON|
|CNT4||Little Current (Manitoulin Health Centre) Heliport||Little Current||ON|
|CNT5||Lake Muskoka/Dudley Bay Water Aerodrome||Bala||ON|
|CNT9||Newtonville/Steeves Field Aerodrome||Newtonville||ON|
|CNU3||Peterborough (Regional Health Centre) Heliport||Peterborough||ON|
|CNU6||Huntsville Water Aerodrome||Huntsville||ON|
|CNU8||Markham Airport (Toronto/Markham Airport)||Markham||ON|
|CNV2||Inverness (Consolidated Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Inverness||NS|
|CNV3||New Liskeard (Temiskaming Hospital) Heliport||New Liskeard||ON|
|CNV5||Elk Lake Water Aerodrome||Elk Lake||ON|
|CNV6||Orillia/Lake St John (Orillia Rama Regional) Water Aerodrome||Orillia||ON|
|CNW4||Mindemoya (Hospital) Heliport||Mindemoya||ON|
|CNW8||Toronto (Hospital For Sick Children) Heliport||Toronto||ON|
|CNW9||Vancouver/New Westminster (Royal Columbian Hospital) Heliport||New Westminster||BC|
|CNX3||Carey Lake Airport||Carey Lake||ON|
|CNX7||Port Stanton/Sparrow Lake Water Aerodrome||Port Stanton||ON|
|CNY8||Toronto (Sunnybrook Medical Centre) Heliport||Toronto||ON|
|CNZ2||Anzac (Long Lake) Heliport||Athabasca oil sands||AB|
|CNZ4||Madawaska Valley Airpark (Barry's Bay/Madawaska Valley Airpark)||Barry's Bay||ON|
|CNZ6||Georgetown (Georgetown & District Hospital) Heliport||Georgetown||ON|
|CNZ7||Hanover (District Hospital) Heliport||Hanover||ON|
|CNZ8||Grimsby Air Park||Grimsby||ON|
Uxbridge is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham in south-central Ontario, Canada. The main centre in the township is the namesake community of Uxbridge. Other settlements within the township include Altona, Coppin's Corners, Forsythe Glenn, Glen Major, Leaskdale, Quaker Village, Sandford, Siloam and Zephyr, it was named for Uxbridge, England, a name, derived from "Wixan's Bridge". The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 from the Catawissa area of Pennsylvania; the community's oldest building, the Uxbridge Friends Meeting House, was built in 1820 and overlooks the town from Quaker Hill, a kilometre to the west. The township was incorporated as a municipality in 1850 and became part of the newly formed Ontario County two years later; the first passenger-carrying narrow-gauge railway in North America, the Toronto and Nipissing Railway arrived in Uxbridge in June 1871, for over a decade Uxbridge was the headquarters of the railway. In 1872, the Village of Uxbridge was separated from the Township and incorporated as a separate entity.
With the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974, Uxbridge Township was amalgamated with the Town of Uxbridge and Scott Township to create an expanded Township of Uxbridge. Today, Uxbridge is as a suburban community in northern Durham Region. Major manufacturing employers include Koch-Glitsch Canada and Hela Canada. Many residents commute beyond; the 30-bed Uxbridge Cottage Hospital opened in 1958 is a site associated with the Markham Stouffville Hospital Corporation. Uxbridge is twinned with Catawissa, Pennsylvania, in the United States, from which many of its settlers originated. Uxbridge has the Standard and the Cosmos; the Uxbridge Times Journal is responsible for flyer distribution in the town. Uxbridge is served by a monthly community magazine and events guide, Uxbridge Town Talk. According to the 2011 Census, the township has a population of 20,623 over an area of 420.65 km². The population has a density of 49.0 people per square kilometre. The urban centre of Uxbridge has a population of 11,531 as of 2011, up from 10,175 in 2006.
This is a growth rate of 13.3%. Major hurdles must be jumped. Uxbridge's sewage system is reaching its maximum capacity, with the exception of a couple small developments, the system must be expanded if the town wishes to continue to grow. English is the mother tongue of 91.7% of the population, whereas French, the other official language, of 1.0%. German is the mother tongue of 1.4% of the residents of Uxbridge, while native speakers of Italian make up 1.0% of the population. In 2009 Uxbridge Township received federal designation by Industry Canada as the "Trail Capital of Canada", resulting from the over 220 kilometers of managed trails on over 8,000 acres of protected greenspace within its borders. Uxbridge trails run through and alongside historic villages, mixed forests, ponds and wetlands. A number of major trail systems run through the Township, including the Oak Ridges Trail and the Trans-Canada Trail; the Uxbridge-Scott Museum and Archives possesses a number of artifacts related to the township's agricultural heritage and the genealogy of its residents.
The Museum includes nine heritage buildings as well as heritage herb and flower gardens. During the annual Heritage Days festival, the museum grounds are host to the "Steam Show" featuring steam-engines and steam-based agricultural machinery, among other attractions. There are a number of attractions related to the history of the area. Uxbridge's Elgin Park, named after Lord Elgin, was the site of a picnic held by 19th century Prime Minister John A. Macdonald in a re-election bid. In addition, the Thomas Foster Memorial Temple, erected in 1935-36 by the former mayor of Toronto, is situated a short distance north of town. Inspired by Foster's visit to India, the Temple was designed by architects J. H. Craig and H. H. Madrill; the former home of famed author Lucy Maud Montgomery of Anne of Green Gables fame is situated in Leaskdale. Montgomery lived in the area from 1911 to 1926, wrote half of her books at what is now the site of the Leaskdale Manse Museum. Since 1995, the Lions Club has hosted Art in the Park, held the second week in August.
Known as Summerfest, this juried art show attracts artists from across the province. Skiing in Uxbridge area began in 1938 by the Toronto Ski Club when it rented 400 acres of the Pugh family farm until 1948 and operated by the Pughs' until it was abandoned. Today there are three ski resorts, all located within a short distance of one another: Dagmar Ski Resort - largest of the three resorts and was established by the Toronto Ski Club Lakeridge Ski Resort - located north of Dagmar was opened in 1989 following Toronto Ski Club acquisition of part of the former Pugh family farm in 1983 Skyloft - smallest of the three resorts and located on property just northwest of Lakeridge. Attractions include home craft and flower exhibits, goat, sheep and rabbit shows, the midway, tractor pull, demolition derby, heavy horse pull and barnyard rodeo; the Uxbridge Studio Tour and Sale is held in September, giving visitors an opportunity to meet with local artists
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Arnprior is a town in Renfrew County, in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario, Canada. It is located at the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley. Arnprior has experienced significant growth in populations with the widening of the 417 Provincial Highway to four lanes; the Town experienced an increase in population by 8.4% from 2011 to 2016 and the current population is 8,795. The town is a namesake of Arnprior, is known for lumber, hydro power generation, aerospace and its proximity to the National Capital Region; the land occupied by what's now called Arnprior is part of the traditional territory of the Algonquin nation of indigenous North Americans. The first European explorers, led by Samuel de Champlain, first visited the area in May 1613. In 1823, a 1,200-acre surveyed block was ceded to Archibald McNab and given the eponymous name, McNab Township. McNab had approval from the Family Compact to treat the settlers on his land in the feudal manner practised in Scotland. In 1831 the town was named by the Buchanan Brothers after McNab's ancestral home of Arnprior, Scotland.
Tired of the harsh treatment, the settlers revolted and, after a government investigation, McNab was forced to vacate the area in 1841. Arnprior, Braeside and McNab township grew as separate communities and boomed when they became integrated into eastern Ontario's massive timber industry. One of the most successful businessmen of the upper Ottawa was Daniel McLachlin, who built a massive sawmill at the confluence of the Madawaska and Ottawa Rivers, expanded the community of Arnprior; the lumber industry maintained a significant position until the closing of the Gillies Mill. One of the most enduring structures of the day was a grist mill built by the Buchanans on the west bank of the Madawaska River. By 1869, Arnprior was an Incorporated Village with a population of 2000 in the Township of McNab, it was on the Ottawa Railway at the junction of the Madawaska and Ottawa Rivers. The average price of land $20 to $40; the grey stone building served many purposes after it stopped being used as a grist mill being operated as a restaurant and a gas station, first by the Beattie and the Baird families, ending in 1974.
The facility has been bought by Ontario Hydro prior to the restructuring on the bridge and the creation of a new weir to control the river. The building was consumed by fire in 1976; the forests of the period are represented in the Grove, an excellent example of indigenous forest, grown after a fire in the 18th century. With individual specimens reaching 175 feet, these are the tallest white pines in Ontario. Arnprior was incorporated as a village in 1862. Thirty years it was incorporated as a town. On 8 June 1944 a Castle class corvette, HMS Rising Castle, was recommissioned as "HMCS Arnprior" until 1946. Arnprior became a recognized name in the numismatic trade; this has a special link to a local employer. In 1955 Playtex ordered some silver dollars for their employees; these coins are found to show only two and one-half water lines instead of four to the right of the canoe. This variety becomes known as the Arnprior dollar; the history of Arnprior is preserved and documented at the Arnprior and District Museum and the Arnprior and District Archives, located next door in the basement of the public library.
The sandstone building is the defining element in local architecture Arnprior has drawn new business to Eastern Ontario. Proximity to the city of Ottawa, easy access to highway 417, access to a local airport, full services and infrastructure have contributed to making Arnprior the location for multinational corporations including Arnprior Aerospace Inc, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Canada Inc, Nylene Canada Inc, Pacific Safety Products, Pillar 5 Pharma, Sandvik Materials Technology Canada, a host of other innovative businesses; the Arnprior and Area Chamber of Commerce has over 100 members and is a support and advocate for many of the corporations and small to medium-sized businesses within the Arnprior Area. Some of the major corporations and top employers: Plaintree Systems Inc. Nu-tech Precision Metals, Pillar 5, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Canada Inc. Sandvik Canada Inc. M. Sullivan & Sons, Nylene Canada, Pacific Safety Products, Arnprior Aerospace, Arnprior & District Memorial Hospital The lumber trade continued in the form of the Gillies sawmill in nearby McNab Township until its closing in 1993.
Pictures of the early days of the lumbering industry are seen at the online Charles MacNamara Retrospective. Kenwood Mills a blanket manufacturer which developed woven fabrics for the pulp and paper industry, was a significant employer in Arnprior and was bought in 1918 by Huyck Corporation, it was a strong contributor to Arnprior remaining viable during the Depression. The building has now been renovated into the Kenwood Corporate Centre which houses a number of offices, warehouse spaces, conference rooms, a café and a gym. Sullivan and Sons and Smith Construction companies were significant economic drivers and employers based in Arnprior. In 2014 they celebrated their 100th year in business and continue to be a major employer in the town and a large community supporter; the airport at Arnprior was built for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan and hosted No. 3 Flying Instructor School for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Post War, the facility was used by the Canadian military and a training base known as the Civil Defense College known as the Emergency Measures Training Centre.
The airport still operates with two runways for land-based aircraft and a dock and fueling station for floatplanes. The airport property houses many private hangars and a skydiving company. Aft
Bolton is the most populous community in the town of Caledon, on the Humber River located in the Region of Peel 50 kilometres northwest of Toronto, in Ontario, Canada. In regional documents, it is referred to as a'Rural Service Centre.' It has 26,478 residents in 8,721 households. The downtown and area that defined the village is in a valley, through which flows the Humber; the current village extends on either side of the valley to the south. The conservation lands' forests dominate a large part of the northwest, the north, the east including along the Humber valley; these conservation lands have created several recreational areas. Farmland and the protected Oak Ridges Moraine dominate the landscape surrounding the village. There are two 400-series highways nearby, including Highway 427, about 15 km southeast, Highway 400, about 14 km east; the town known as Bolton Mills, was founded in around 1822 when James Bolton helped build a flour mill for his relative George Bolton. By 1857, Bolton was a village with a population of 700 in the Township of Albion of Peel County.
It was established on the River Humber on the line of the proposed Toronto and Bruce Railway. There were stages to and from Weston; the average price of land was $40 to $50 an acre. The suburban housing developments began near King Street, up to 15th Sideroad of Albion; the urban area did not expand until the late 1970s and early 1980s, which led to development of an industrial area in the southwest. The urban area up to Columbia Way - the northern boundary - began booming in the late 1980s. Housing developments continued towards the southern and the western parts of the town about 1 km northwest of the heart of town in the 1990s and the 15th Sideroad in about 1995 to the north; the industrial area began adding buildings to the southwest up to Simpson Road. The urban areas merged with the southern part in the northwest. Future growth is a subject of debate amongst the village's residents as well as within the upper- and lower-tier municipal governments. Freemasonry Kinsmen Club of Bolton, chartered in 1964 The 1996 Warner Bros. film Twister and the 2005 film Four Brothers were shot here.
Bolton is home to several public and Catholic schools: Public Elementary Institutions: Allan Drive Middle School Ellwood Memorial Public School James Bolton Public School Macville Public School Public Secondary Institutions: Humberview Secondary SchoolCatholic Elementary Institutions: Holy Family Elementary School St. John Paul II Elementary School St. John the Baptist Elementary School St. Nicholas Elementary SchoolCatholic Secondary Institutions: St. Michael Catholic Secondary SchoolPrivate Institutions: King's College School Creative Children's Montessori School Lorne Duguid – hockey player Keith McCreary - hockey player, former Chairman of the NHL Alumni, politician James East – politician Todd Elik – hockey player Organik – musician Steven Halko – hockey player Peter Holland – hockey player Andrew Mangiapane – hockey player Skye Sweetnam – singer Jason Saggo – UFC Fighter Albion Bolton Community Centre " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-25; the Town of Caledon official website
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Perth is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is located on the Tay River, 83 kilometres southwest of Ottawa, is the seat of Lanark County; the town was established as a military settlement in 1816, shortly after the War of 1812. The settlement of Lanark County began in 1815. In that year "the Settlement forming on the Rideau River" as it was referred to began to function under Military direction. Several townships were surveyed to facilitate the location of farms for other settlers. Many of the first settlers were military veterans on half pay, while others were military veterans from France, Poland, Scotland or Ireland who were offered land in return for their service; the Rev. William Bell, who arrived in June 1817, noted in his diaries that the settlement was more European than the Scottish settlement described to him; the first Scottish settlers came in 1816. Many of the Scottish immigrants were stonemasons; the military regime lasted until 1824, when settlers were granted municipal rights, i.e.'the right of self-government'.
For many years Perth was the military, judicial and social capital, not only of the County of Lanark, but of the whole of the Ottawa Valley and west, until owing to the construction of the Rideau Canal, the development of the lumber industry further north and west along the Ottawa, it was eclipsed by the town called "Bytown"—the present City of Ottawa, the Capital of the Dominion. But for many years the people of the town of Bytown, while it was still'Bytown' had to come to Perth for their law and justice, for the law courts of the whole great district were located there; the first secretary/stores-keeper of the settlement was Daniel Daverne, brought up from the Quarter Masters General Department in Kingston, Ontario, to assume these positions. Perth is home to Canada's oldest pioneer burial ground, St. Paul's United Church Cemetery The Old Methodist Burying Ground; this cemetery is at the south-east end of the Last Duel Park on Robinson Street. The Craig Street Cemetery, sometimes referred to as the "Old Burying Grounds" contains many historic graves and saw use from 1820–1873.
The town's motto is "Pro Rege, Lege et Grege", adopted in 1980 along with a new crest. The previous motto, "Festina lente sed certo", original town crest appears on the uniforms of the Perth Citizen's Band. Founded in 1850, this band continues a tradition of community music with numerous concerts each season. Near the town is the home of world show jumping champion Ian Millar and Millar Brooke Farm where his great horse Big Ben is buried; the town has erected a bronze life-sized statue of the horse and Ian Millar, in John A. Stewart Park, across from the Code's Mill building; this town was the site of the last fatal duel in Upper Canada. Robert Lyon, a law student, was killed on June 13, 1833, after fighting over a woman with a former friend, John Wilson. Perth is the site of the first installation of a telephone other than Bell's experimental installations. A town dentist, Dr. J. F. Kennedy, a friend of Alexander Graham Bell, installed a direct telephone connection between his home and office.
By 1887, there were 19 telephones in Perth, with a switchboard in Dr. Kennedy's office. In 1893, a 22,000 pound cheese known as the'Mammoth Cheese' was produced in Perth to be exhibited in Chicago at the World's Columbian Exposition to promote Canadian cheese around the world. In 2010, Perth held the historic "Kilt Run" in which 1,067 kilt-clad runners crossed the finish line; the idea to hold a kilt run in Perth was conceived of in October 2009 by Terry Stewart after the Mayor submitted a letter to the Perth Courier requesting town residents come up with an idea to help Perth, celebrate its 800th anniversary. The Perth, Kilt Run has since become an annual event; the 2016 Kilt Run attracted 5,000 runners as part of the town's 200th anniversary. The Kilt Run takes place at the end of June but the 10th anniversary of the Kilt Run is scheduled for August 17, 2019, it holds the Guinness World Record for the world's largest kilted run. The heritage downtown core of today's Perth consists of boutiques, specialty shops and restaurants, including crafts and flea market, summer Farmers' and Craft Markets.
Most of these operate out of the century-old stone buildings in town. The Links O'Tay Golf course, walking distance from the downtown core, began its trek through golfing history in 1890 and is now Canada's oldest continuously operating golf course; the Perth Citizens Band, still giving concerts on the band stand behind City Hall, is a tradition dating back over 150 years. The band is Canada's oldest active town band; the Perth Citizens Band played "The Maple Leaf Forever" as the Mammoth Cheese departed to the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. The bandstand has been behind the Town Hall since it was moved there in 1901 and free summer concerts have taken place there since. An interesting feature of the downtown core is the Crystal Palace, constructed from the discarded remnants of the glass street enclosures that used to be on Rideau Street in nearby Ottawa; this structure houses the Perth Farmers' and Craft Markets on summer Saturdays and is filled with Christmas trees decorated by community groups in November and December.
It houses children’s activities during the popular Festival of the Maples held in Ap
Hornepayne is a township of 980 people in the Algoma District of Ontario, Canada. The town was established in 1915 as Fitzback when the Canadian Northern Railway's transcontinental line was built through the area, it was renamed Hornepayne in 1920 after British financier Robert Horne-Payne. Population: Population in 2011: 1,050 Population in 2006: 1,209 Population in 2001: 1,362 Population in 1996: 1,480 Population in 1991: 1,610Mother tongue:* English as first language: 78.3% French as first language: 16.3% English and French as first language: 0% Other as first language: 5.4% Hornepayne serves as a railway divisional point on the main Canadian National Railway line. The forestry industry is the major employer to the local economy. Hunting- and fishing-related tourism in the area is served by several small companies; the township of Hornepayne has been the proposed site of a low level nuclear waste storage facility for some time. The town's community liaison group chose to withdraw from this development in the early 1990s, but as of May 2010 the township is still being considered for nuclear waste management/storage.
Hornepayne was served by the Hornepayne Municipal Airport and the Hornepayne railway station, a stop for Via Rail's transcontinental train The Canadian. Retired ice hockey player Mike McEwen was born in Hornepayne. Retired ice hockey player Goldie Goldthorpe was born in Hornepayne. Senior Vice President of Hockey Operations for NHL Kris King, was raised in Hornepayne. Gordon Lightfoot's song "On the High Seas" mentions Hornepayne with the following lyric "Was it up in Hornepayne, where the trains run on time?" Hornepayne was featured on an episode of Survivorman with Les Stroud and a slew of NHL hockey players. Hornepayne Municipal Airport Hornepayne Water Aerodrome Hornepayne railway station List of townships in Ontario List of francophone communities in Ontario Township of Hornepayne