Port Carling is an unincorporated community in the Township of Muskoka Lakes in the Canadian province of Ontario. It has been the municipal seat of the township since 1971, it has several hundred year-round residents and is a service centre for thousands of other seasonal residents in the area. Besides the town, which maintains much of its older architecture, there are several tourist and cultural sites: Muskoka Lakes Museum Muskoka Lakes Association Antique Boat Show Muskoka Lakes Library Port Carling Memorial Community Hall Port Carling is located on the Indian River and owes its importance to its key position on the water routes of the area. A set of locks joins Lake Muskoka and Lake Rosseau, so much boat and ship traffic in the township passes through, hence its nickname Hub of the Lakes; the community is directly located on the two-lane Muskoka Road 118, improvements to Highway 69 now link it to the controlled-access freeway Highway 400 and the sometimes divided Highway 11. This has facilitated its increasing role as a tourist destination from the Toronto area.
The Ojibway Indians settled in the area in the 1850s. They called their settlement Obogawanung, while Europeans called it Indian Gardens. Before white settlers moved into the newly surveyed Medora Township starting in the 1860s, the Ojibway moved to Parry Sound but continued to summer in Port Carling. In 1869, Benjamin Hardcastle Johnston called it Port Carling. John Carling, the Ontario Minister of Public Works, was a booster of the locks between the lakes which were completed in 1871; this led to an economic boom fuelled by tourism and logging, resulting in the building of four resorts, two sawmills and three Protestant churches of the 1870s. The Orange Order was active in the area, few Catholics settled here; the Port Carling Boat Works Ltd. traces its origins to an enterprise started in 1868 by William J. Johnston, it captured a niche market after his relatives developed the disappearing propeller boat and operated the company under that name for a while. Port Carling became independent of Medora Township and was incorporated as a village in 1896.
As it grew, the locks were widened in 1903 to permit steamship traffic and in 1922 smaller pleasure boat locks were installed. The Port Carling Volunteer Fire Department began in 1912 and got its biggest workout in 1931 when a series of fires ravaged the boat works and much of the downtown. James Bartleman has been Port Carling's most prominent government official outside the community; the part-Ojibway man was a lieutenant governor of Ontario. He wrote Out of Muskoka, a personal reminiscence of his upbringing and some of the less savoury aspects of local history. Muskoka Lakes Township municipal government site Port Carling semi-official community site Muskoka Lakes Museum article
Palmerston is an unincorporated community located at the south end of the town of Minto in northern part of Wellington County in southern Ontario, Canada. Palmerston was a key division point for the Grand Trunk and the Canadian National Railway in Southwestern Ontario with 65 subdivisions. In its original concept the railroad was to run from Guelph to Southampton and would not have gone through Palmerston. Listowel needed to be linked to the railroad and it was decided to bend the route toward Listowel, it was decided that a yard with maintenance shops would be needed. The mainline under Canadian National ownership became part of the Fergus, Owen Sound and Southampton Subdivisions. Passenger service ceased in 1971; the subdivisions were abandoned starting with Fergus to Palmerston August 1983, Harriston Jct. to Port Elgin and Southampton in 1988, Guelph to Fergus 1988 and Palmerston to Harriston 1995. And all rail service terminated in 1996 with CN abandoning the line from Stratford to Harriston.
When the railroad decided to build a junction and maintenance sheds between Guelph and Listowel, this included a station. One of the active supporters of the railroad was John McDermott, Reeve of Wallace and, because of this support, the railways decided to let McDermot name the station, he named it Palmerston in 1870 in honour of Henry John Temple, the third Viscount Palmerston. As soon as the railroad decided where it would build, people started buying property around the area for businesses and homes. Another historic plaque discusses the Ontario Vaccine Farm, opened in 1885 by Dr. Alexander Stewart in order to produce smallpox vaccine; until about 1907, much of the vaccine used in Ontario was produced here. S. took much of the business. Stewart died in 1911 but the farm continued under H. B. Coleman until 1916. Afterwards, the farm closed and program was taken over by the University of Toronto. In 1995, the Progressive Conservative government of Ontario began to reduce the number of total municipalities in the province.
Effective 1 Jan. 1999, The Town of Minto is composed of the former towns of Harriston and Palmerston, the former village of Clifford, the surrounding rural area of the former Minto Township. Minto has public schools situated in Harriston and Palmerston. Norwell District Secondary School is the secondary school for Minto and surrounding areas as governed by the Upper Grand District School Board; the schools located in Palmerston are: Palmerston Public School Norwell District Secondary School Wallace Public School The Norgan Theatre is a small theatre located on Main Street in Palmerston. It was built by the successful businessman George Norgan who had made his fortune in Vancouver, BC, he noticed the lack of leisure opportunities in the town. To address this situation, he donated $50,000 for the construction of a movie theatre, it was named after him. The Norgan Theatre was renovated in 2007; the Norgan is run by volunteers and therefore the price for tickets is cheap: $8.00 per adult and $5.00 for those 13 and under.
Lorne Ferguson - former NHL forward who played for the Boston Bruins, Detroit Red Wings and Chicago Blackhawks Jim Reid - Former CFL running back for Ottawa Roughriders Nick Spaling - Forward for the Genève-Servette HC, Spaling was born in Palmerston but raised in Drayton, Ontario Town of Minto website Town of Minto Chamber of Commerce
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
Welland is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Southern Ontario, Canada. In 2016, it had a population of 52,293; the city is in the centre of Niagara and located within a half-hour driving distance to Niagara Falls, Niagara-On-The-Lake, St. Catharines, Port Colborne, it has been traditionally known as the place where rails and water meet, referring to the railways from Buffalo to Toronto and Southwestern Ontario, the waterways of Welland Canal and Welland River, which played a great role in the city's development. The city has developed on both sides of the Welland River and Welland Canal, which connect Lake Erie and Lake Ontario; the area was settled in 1788 by United Empire Loyalists, granted land by the Crown to compensate for losses due to property they left in the British Thirteen Colonies during and after the American Revolutionary War. Tensions continued between Great Britain and the newly independent United States, the War of 1812 broke out. On 19 October 1814, Canadian forces led by George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, met an American raiding party, numbering nine hundred, near the eastern edge of the present community during the Battle of Cook's Mills.
After an intense skirmish, the Americans retreated to New York. Cook's Mills was the second to last engagement of the War of 1812 on Canadian soil; the First Welland Canal was extended in 1833 to reach Lake Erie and has influenced development of this city since. A wooden aqueduct was built to carry the Welland Canal over the Welland River at what is now downtown Welland, the area became known as Aqueduct. A lock to cross from the canal to the river and vice versa was built. A small shantytown soon developed around the facility, providing essential services in what was a convenient stop-over location for travelers and workers on the canal; the growing town was named Merrittsville, after William Hamilton Merritt, the initiator of the Welland Canal project. This name is reflected in the name of the Merrittville Highway, which served as the primary north-south route in central Niagara before the construction of Highway 406. Welland gained its present name when it was incorporated on 25 July 1858, it became a city in 1917.
One of the few railway crossings across the canal was near Welland. Together with the canal, these two factors attracted the development of heavy industry in Welland. In 1906 the Plymouth Cordage Company was the first major industrial company to open a plant in Welland. By the 1930s, Welland was developing rapidly. In the 1960s, the city was starting to outgrow the canal passing through its core; the Welland By-Pass project, started in 1967 and finished in 1973, provided a new, shorter alignment for the Welland Canal by moving it from downtown Welland to the city's outskirts. With the completion of the bypass, Welland's east end was like an island between the new and old canal channels. Residents and businessmen were enthusiastic that the canal had been moved from downtown, as its traffic had interfered with transportation within the city; the canal's old alignment was renamed the Welland Recreational Waterway and the city intended to develop several recreational facilities and tourist attractions along its shores.
The original plans called for fishing platforms, water slides, boat rental points, as well as marine and rail historical exhibits. But the canal relocation had unintended effects; the loss of jobs reduced city and business revenues, resulting in deterioration in downtown Welland in the years after the project. Many businesses relocated to the city's north end, where a retail hub was developing in and around the Seaway Mall; the City of Welland is working to revitalize the downtown core through an ongoing community improvement plan. Integral to the program is the use of incentives to promote redevelopment. A report published by the City of Welland in 2013 said, "for over 10 years now, these programs have produced only moderate uptake and development since being introduced." Other former industrial cities have grappled with similar painful transitions. The Welland city council is made up of 12 councillors, each elected in her ward; each of the six wards in Welland elects two councillors. It is led by the mayor, elected at-large, by all the voters in the city.
Welland's mayor is Frank Campion. In addition, two regional councillors are elected at-large, to participate in the Niagara Regional Council; these councillors were George Marshall and the late Peter Kormos, who died in March 2013. Another representative of Welland was appointed to fill Kormos's seat since late May 2013, in order to represent the city on the Regional Council; the city is responsible for fire protection, libraries and recreation and secondary streets, but many municipal services come from the broader level of government, the Niagara Region. Regional responsibilities include social welfare, community health, policing through the Niagara Regional Police; the chief local political issue is the redevelopment of the downtown core, which has deteriorated in the years after the Welland By-Pass project. The Civic Square project has been completed after spanning the terms of three city councils and three mayors; the new building, facing both East Main Street and the old canal, houses the city hall and the Welland Public Library.
The project is proving to be a catalyst for development, as several new establishments have been opened downtown and some bu
Pointe au Baril, Ontario
Pointe au Baril is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario, located on the east coast of Georgian Bay. The community is located in the township of The Archipelago in the Parry Sound District. Pointe au Baril was named after the barrel on the point that marked the treacherous entry to the main channel from the open water of Georgian Bay. Early fur traders from Penetanguishene lost a canoe near the point, their canoe included a barrel of whiskey, found by stranded traders the next spring. After a drinking spree the barrel was left on the point as a beacon. French mariners were soon calling it Pointe-au-Baril; this marker was improved to include a lantern in the barrel that would be lit by the first fisherman returning inland to light the way for the rest of the boats. Pointe au Baril may refer to the original Barrel on the Point reference or the actual village, built around a train station, about six nautical miles away. Highway 69 follows the same path as the railway and they both run past the east tip of what is known as the Main Channel.
This channel is a well marked route from the village to the lighthouse. The village has a North Shore and a South Shore road but islander travel is by boat; the village is referred to as The Station by most residents. Pointe au Baril Station is well suited for launching water craft and is supported by many marinas and a substantial public dock; the point is lit by the automated lighthouse. This historic lighthouse opens its doors for tours in the summer months; the lighthouse is a part of a light system which includes a range tower and a turn buoy which work together to allow safe passage through the many shoals that cover the eastern coast of Georgian Bay. The Pointe au Baril firetower lookout was erected in the 1920s to detect forest fires; this 80 foot light-steel tower was part of the Parry Sound Fire District tower system. It stood near the centre of the village, just west of the railway tracks and near the bay on a small hill; when aerial fire fighting techniques were employed by the province many of the towers like this one were disassembled in the early 1970s.
The footings, are still there to this day. Pointe au Baril became a community to support commercial fishing in the 1870s; the last fishing operation based in Pointe au Baril was shut down in the 1980s. A lumber industry existed in the area during these same years; the pine and yellow birch forestry ended in the 1940s, shortly after the end of World War II. The area is now a cottage community on Highway 69; the channels and islands of the region make it a boating and islander paradise. It has become a destination for snowmobiling in the winter months. Among the many islands there is the historic Ojibway Club resort; the population grows from a winter low of about 250 to 300 to a summer high of 8000 or more. Additional growth is expected in the future. With the demolition of Larry's Tavern for the expansion of the highway, there remains one restaurant, The Haven, open all year, The Harbour View, only open during the summer months and the Shell Station Deli. There are two chip wagons located in Pointe au Baril, one open only during the summer, while the other remains open all year.
Community events in Pointe au Baril include the Winter Whirl carnival, held the first weekend in February, Canada Day festivities, the Pickerel Dinner and Annual Lobster Fest held the third weekend in July. The ducky race is another local festival held in Pointe au Baril organized by the North Eastern Georgian Bay Snowmobile Club right in downtown Pointe au Baril. Summertime events include Arts on the Bay Dinner theatre in the Pointe au Baril Community Centre. Pointe au Baril has a community centre with a library in it; the town offers an ice rink and playground. Pointe au Baril has a Nursing Station and an Emergency response team. Pointe au Baril's cottage community is water access and is home to many marinas; the area was explored by Samuel de Champlain in 1615. A monument was erected in the 1940s to commemorate his travels through the area, it can be found near the newly renovated Ojibway Club, a favoured gathering place for many of the islanders. Pointe au Baril is a setting of John Irving's novel Last Night in Twisted River, where many of the places are described in the winter setting, including nearby islands.
Pointe au Baril Chamber of Commerce Pointe au Baril Islanders' Association
Pilot Butte, Saskatchewan
Pilot Butte is the 31st largest community in Saskatchewan, located in the White Butte area between Highway 46 and the Trans-Canada Highway. The town is a neighbour to White Balgonie. Pilot Butte is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Edenwold No. 158. European settlement in the area can be traced back to the 1840s, the town was settled in 1882. Pilot Butte's early development was more substantial than neighbouring towns thanks to the town's brick plants, along with its sand and gravel deposits. In 1995, the Pilot Butte Storm destroyed much of the town. In recent years, the population and size of Pilot Butte has begun growing at a high rate; the population of Pilot Butte was 2,183 as of 2016, growing 18% since 2011 according to Statistics Canada. The town's name, meaning "Lookout Point", was chosen in 1883 as the name for the settlement; the origin of the community name is derived from the flat-topped hill located in the town that served as a lookout for hunting buffalo. The Cree call the hill and the town otasawâpiwin, meaning "his outlook" or "his lookout".
The Butte played a significant role in the lives of the Prairie Indians. Aboriginal people, who camped near Boggy Creek, used the Butte as a signal point; the Cree called the hill otasawâpiwin, meaning "his outlook" or "his lookout". European settlement in the area can be traced back to the 1840s. With the construction of the railway through the region in 1882, the area’s sand and gravel deposits were extensively utilized, in the following years, as settlers began farming in the district, Pilot Butte developed. For a long time of its history, Pilot Butte was known as the "Sand Capital of Canada"; because of its location on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, significant settlement took place between 1880 and 1900. Sand and gravel deposits nearby were used during the construction of the railway; the history of Pilot Butte is marked by dramatic growth now by growth. Except for one or two houses on Railway Avenue, the most notable ones being the "Martin House" and the "Arrat House", there are few physical reminders of Pilot Butte's early development.
Most of the original structures, one of the most prominent being the old Canadian Pacific Railway water tower, have either been dismantled or destroyed. By 1913 Pilot Butte was a village, it flourished as it offered the Canadian Pacific Railway a reliable year round water source and at one point, the CPR built a water conduit to Regina. Between 1913-23, with a population of about a 1,000, Pilot Butte thrived; the town boasted a railway station, 3 grain elevators, a stockyard, the Kitchener Hotel and boarding houses. It had a pool hall, bowling alley, general store and blacksmith shops, 2 churches, 2 schools and 2 section houses. Brickyards became major local employers. In 1923, the village was disbanded owing to the loss of residents. After the new Trans-Canada Highway was completed in the late 1950s, living in Pilot Butte began to become a popular option for those who wanted to commute to work in the city. Pilot Butte re-acquired village status in 1963, it achieved town status in 1979. By the early 2000s Pilot Butte became home to a post office.
It is home to a worldwide steel producing company Dutch Industries and Gang-nail Truss Manufacturers. The town is home to the Pilot Butte School; the Pre-K to Grade 8 school is part of the Prairie Valley School Division 208. The town includes four baseball diamonds, an outdoor hockey rink, a skate park. A violent storm hit the area on 26 August 1995. Pilot Butte has now recovered and replanted trees are once more providing shade to the residents. Many homes received major facelifts; the town has continued to grow since. Since 2011, the population and size of Pilot Butte has begun growing at a high rate of over 18%. From 2011 to 2016, the town experienced a growth rate of 27.6% in houses, as there have been lots of houses built. New neighbourhoods on the east and west sides of town have contributed to the towns growth in people and businesses. In recent years the town became home to many new businesses, including the Blue Rooster Café, a PharmaChoice pharmacy, doctor's office, hair salon and a Subway location.
Along with these new businesses, the town welcomed a new Way of Life Church, the Tempo gas station became a Domo gas station. The town is situated on a broad, flat and waterless plain; the Butte Hill is the highest point in the area. Pilot Butte experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb, USDA Plant Hardiness Zone with warm summers and cold winters, prone to extremes at all times of the year. Average annual precipitation is 388 mm and is heaviest from June through August, with June being the wettest month with an average of 75 mm of precipitation; the average daily temperature for the year is 2.8 °C. The lowest temperature recorded was −50.0 °C on 1 January 1885, while the highest recorded temperature was 43.3 °C on 5 July 1937. According to the 2016 Canadian Census, the population of Pilot Butte is 2,137, a 16% increase from 2011; the population d