List of Canadian airports by location indicator: CR
Format of entries is:
- Location indicator – IATA – Airport Name (alternate name) – Airport Location
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
Format of entries is:
Airports that are part of the National Airports System are emphasised.
|TC LID||IATA||Airport name||Community||Province/|
|CRA2||Queensville (Rollick Airpark) Aerodrome||Queensville||ON|
|CRB4||Rivière Bonnard Airport||Mont-Valin||QC|
|CRB5||Rivière Bell Aerodrome||Rivière Bell||QC|
|CRB7||Rivière Blanche/Cardinal Aviation Water Aerodrome||Gatineau||QC|
|CRC2||Fredericton (RCMP) Heliport||Fredericton||NB|
|CRC3||Ross Creek Aerodrome||Ross Creek||BC|
|CRD2||Coaldale (Rednek Air) Aerodrome||Coaldale||AB|
|CRD3||Red Deer Regional Hospital Centre Heliport||Red Deer||AB|
|CRD5||Red Deer/Truant Aerodrome||Red Deer||AB|
|CRD6||Red Deer/Truant South Aerodrome||Red Deer||AB|
|CRE3||Curries (Rand Private Airfield) Aerodrome||Curries||ON|
|CRE4||Cree Lake (Crystal Lodge) Water Aerodrome||Cree Lake||SK|
|CRE5||Red Deer/Chong Residence Heliport||Red Deer||AB|
|CRF2||Langley (Russell Farm) Heliport||Langley||BC|
|CRF3||Edmonton/Villeneuve (Rose Field) Aerodrome||Villeneuve||AB|
|CRF4||Calgary/Okotoks (Rowland Field) Aerodrome||Okotoks||AB|
|CRF5||Saskatoon/Richter Field Aerodrome||Martensville||SK|
|CRF6||Quamichan Lake (Raven Field) Water Aerodrome||Quamichan Lake||BC|
|CRG2||Kelowna (Argus) Heliport||Kelowna||BC|
|CRG3||Carignan (Bouthiller) Aerodrome||Carignan||QC|
|CRH2||Coronation (Health Centre) Heliport||Coronation||AB|
|CRH5||Rimbey (Hospital & Care Centre) Heliport||Rimbey||AB|
|CRJ5||Stoney Point (Trepanier) Aerodrome||Stoney Point||ON|
|CRL2||Westport/Rideau Lakes Airport||Westport||ON|
|CRL3||Red Lake (Margaret Cochenour Memorial Hospital) Heliport||Red Lake||ON|
|CRL4||Kirby Lake Airport||Kirby Lake||AB|
|CRL6||West Guilford/Redstone Lake Water Aerodrome||West Guilford||ON|
|CRL7||Reindeer Lake Aerodrome||Reindeer Lake||SK|
|CRL8||Parry Sound (Roberts Lake) Water Aerodrome||Parry Sound||ON|
|CRM2||Riding Mountain Airport||Riding Mountain||MB|
|CRM5||Wheatley (Robinson Motorcycles) Aerodrome||Wheatley||ON|
|CRML||Stoney Point (Le Cunff) Airport||Stoney Point||ON|
|CRN2||Ridgetown (Carnie Airfield) Aerodrome||Ridgetown||ON|
|CRP2||Reston/R.M. of Pipestone Airport||Pipestone||MB|
|CRP3||Redwater (Pembina) Heliport||Redwater||AB|
|CRQ2||Regina General Hospital Heliport||Regina||SK|
|CRS2||Parry Sound Medical Heliport||Parry Sound||ON|
|CRS3||Calgary/Christiansen Field Aerodrome||Okotoks||AB|
|CRT2||Rivière Témiscamie (Air Roberval Ltée) Aerodrome||Temiscamie River||QC|
|CRU2||Saskatoon (Royal University Hospital) Heliport||Saskatoon||SK|
|CRV2||Barrie (Royal Victoria Hospital) Heliport||Barrie||ON|
|CRV8||Arviat Water Aerodrome||Arviat||NU|
|CRW2||Redwater (Heliworks) Heliport||Redwater||AB|
|CRW8||Redwater (Health Centre) Heliport||Redwater||AB|
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
New Brunswick is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare themselves a third francophones. One third of the population describes themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas in Greater Moncton, Greater Saint John and the capital Fredericton. Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is forested uplands, with much of the land further from the coast, giving it a harsher climate. New Brunswick is 83% forested, less densely-populated than the rest of the Maritimes. Being close to Europe, New Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled by Europeans, starting with the French in the early 1600s, who displaced the indigenous Mi'kmaq and the Passamaquoddy peoples; the French settlers were displaced when the area became part of the British Empire.
In 1784, after an influx of refugees from the American Revolutionary War, the province was partitioned from Nova Scotia. The province prospered in the early 1800s and the population grew reaching about a quarter of a million by mid-century. In 1867, New Brunswick was one of four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation, along with Nova Scotia and the Province of Canada. After Confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, while protectionism disrupted trade ties with New England; the mid-1900s found New Brunswick to be one of the poorest regions of Canada, now mitigated by Canadian transfer payments and improved support for rural areas. As of 2002, provincial gross domestic product was derived as follows: services 43%. Tourism accounts for about 9 % of the labour force indirectly. Popular destinations include Fundy National Park and the Hopewell Rocks, Kouchibouguac National Park, Roosevelt Campobello International Park. In 2013, 64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint John carrying on average 2600 passengers each.
Indigenous peoples have been in the area since about 7000 BC. At the time of European contact, inhabitants were the Mi'kmaq, the Maliseet, the Passamaquoddy. Although these tribes did not leave a written record, their language is present in many placenames, such as Aroostook, Petitcodiac and Shediac. New Brunswick may have been part of Vinland during the Norse exploration of North America, Basque and Norman fishermen may have visited the Bay of Fundy in the early 1500s; the first documented European visits were by Jacques Cartier in 1534. In 1604, a party including Samuel de Champlain visited the mouth of the Saint John River on the eponymous Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day. Now Saint John, this was the site of the first permanent European settlement in New Brunswick. French settlement extended up the river to the site of present-day Fredericton. Other settlements in the southeast extended from Beaubassin, near the present-day border with Nova Scotia, to Baie Verte, up the Petitcodiac and Shepody Rivers.
By the early 1700s the area was part of the French colony of Acadia, in turn part of New France. Acadia covered what is now the Maritimes, as well as bits of Maine. In the early 1700s, rivalry between Britain and France for control of territory led to the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, under which Acadia was reduced to Île Saint-Jean and Île-Royale; the ownership of New Brunswick being disputed, with an informal border on the Isthmus of Chignecto. The British prevailed, leading to the 1755 Expulsion of the Acadians. Present-day New Brunswick became part of the colony of Nova Scotia. Hostilities ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Acadians returning from exile discovered several thousand immigrants from New England, on their former lands; some settled along the Saint John River. Settlement was slow. Pennsylvanian immigrants founded Moncton in 1766, English settlers from Yorkshire arrived in the Sackville area. After the American Revolution, about 10,000 loyalist refugees settled along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy, commemorated in the province's motto, Spem reduxit.
The number reached 14,000 by 1784, with about one in ten returning to America. The same year New Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia and that year saw its first elected assembly; the colony was named New Brunswick in honour of George III, King of Great Britain, King of Ireland, Prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in what is now Germany. In 1785 Saint John became Canada's first incorporated city; the population of the colony reached 26,000 in 1806 and 35,000 in 1812. The 1800s saw an age of prosperity based on wood export and shipbuilding, bolstered by The Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 and demand from the American Civil War. St. Martins became the third most productive shipbuilding town in the Maritimes, producing over 500 vessels; the first half of the 1800s saw large-scale immigration from Ireland and Scotland, with the population reaching 252,047 by 1861. In 1848, responsible home government was granted and the 1850s saw the emergence of political parties organised along religious and ethnic lines.
The notion of unifying the separate colonies of British North America was discussed i
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Kelowna is a city on Okanagan Lake in the Okanagan Valley in the southern interior of British Columbia, Canada. It serves as the head office of the Regional District of the Central Okanagan; the name Kelowna derives from an Okanagan language term for "grizzly bear". The Kelowna metropolitan area has a population of 194,882. Additionally, the City of Kelowna is the seventh-largest city in the province, it ranks as the 22nd-largest in Canada and is the largest city in British Columbia, located inland. Kelowna's city proper contains 211.82 square kilometres, the census metropolitan area contains 2,904.86 square kilometres. In 2016, the population of Kelowna consisted of 127,380 individuals occupying 53,903 private dwellings. Nearby communities include the City of West Kelowna to the west across Okanagan Lake, Lake Country and Vernon to the north, Peachland to the southwest, further to the south and Penticton. Exact dates of first settlement are unknown, but a northern migration led to the peopling of this area some 9,000 years ago.
The Indigenous Syilx people were the first inhabitants of the region, they continue to live in the region. Father Pandosy, a French Roman Catholic Oblate missionary, became the first European to settle in Kelowna in 1859 at a place named "L'anse au sable" in reference to the sandy shoreline. Kelowna was incorporated on May 4, 1905. In May 2005, Kelowna celebrated its centennial. In the same year, construction began on a new five-lane William R. Bennett Bridge to replace the three-lane Okanagan Lake Bridge, it was part of a plan to alleviate traffic problems experienced during the summer tourist season. The new bridge was completed in 2008. Stubbs House is a historic house in Kelowna. On 3 July 1877, George Mercer Dawson was the first geologist to visit Kelowna. On 6 August 1969, a sonic boom from a nearby air show produced an expensive broken glass bill of a quarter million dollars while at least six people were injured; the incident was caused by a member of America's Blue Angels during a practice routine for the Kelowna Regatta festival: he accidentally went through the sound barrier while flying too low.
The last time the lake froze over was in the winter of 1969 and it may have frozen over in the winter of 1986. On 25 November 2005, the First National Aboriginal Leaders signed the Kelowna Accord. 2009, Kelowna built the tallest building between Vancouver and Calgary: Skye at Waterscapes, a 27-story residential tower. On 7 May 1992, a forest fire consumed 60 hectares of forest on Mount Boucherie in West Kelowna across Okanagan Lake from Kelowna proper. In August 2003, a nearby wildfire destroyed 239 homes and forced the temporary evacuation of about 30,000 residents. During the 2003 fire, many trestles of the historic Kettle Valley Railway were destroyed. All the trestles have been rebuilt to look like the originals. In late August 2005, a 30-ha fire caused multiple evacuations in the Rose Valley subdivision across the lake in West Kelowna. In July 2009, wildfires destroyed hundreds of hectares of forest and a number of buildings in West Kelowna. In July 2009, a 100-ha fire near Rose Valley resulted in the evacuation of 7,000 people.
No structures were lost. In July 2009, a 9,200-ha fire behind Fintry resulted in the evacuation of 2,500 people. No structures were lost. On 12 July 2010, a 30-ha fire in West Kelowna caused multiple evacuations. September 2011, a 40-ha fire in West Kelowna's Bear Creek Park caused the evacuation of over 500 people. In July 2012, a 30-ha fire caused the evacuation of the small community of Wilson's Landing just north of West Kelowna. In September 2012, a late-season, 200-ha fire destroyed seven buildings and resulted in the evacuation of 1,500 people in the community of Peachland. In July 2014, a 340-ha fire behind the West Kelowna subdivision of Smith Creek caused the evacuation of 3,000 people. In August 2014, a 40-ha fire above Peachland resulted in the evacuation of one home. In July 2015, a 55-ha fire in the Joe Rich area caused the evacuation of over 100 properties. In July 2015, a 560-ha fire near Shelter Cove caused the evacuation of 70 properties. In August 2015, a 130-ha fire burned near Little White Mountain just south of Kelowna.
In August 2017, a 400-ha fire in the Joe Rich area caused the evacuation of over 474 properties. Kelowna's official flower is Balsamorhiza sagittata known as arrowleaf balsamroot. Kelowna is classified as a humid continental climate per the Köppen climate classification system due to its coldest month having an average temperature above −3.0 °C, with dry and sunny summers, cloudy winters, four seasons. The official climate station for Kelowna is at the Kelowna International Airport, at a higher altitude than the city core, with higher precipitation and cooler nighttime temperatures; the moderating effects of Okanagan Lake combined with mountains separating most of BC from the prairies moderates the winter climate, but Arctic air masses do penetrate the valley during winter for short periods. The coldest recorded temperature in the city was −36.1 °C recorded on 30 December 1968. Weather conditions during December and January are the cloudiest in Canada outside of Newfoundland due to persistent valley cloud.
As Okanagan Lake hardly freezes, warmer air rising from the lake climbs above colder atmospheric air, creating a temperature inversion which can cause the valley to be socked in by cloud. This valley cloud has a low ceil
Okotoks is a town in the Province of Alberta, Canada. It is situated on the Sheep River 18 km south of the City of Calgary; the town is a member of the Calgary Regional Partnership, a cooperative of municipalities within the Calgary Region. Okotoks has emerged as a bedroom community of Calgary. According to the 2016 Census, the town has a population of 28,881, making it the largest town in Alberta; the town's name is derived from "ohkotok", the Blackfoot First Nation word for "rock". The name may refer to Big Rock, the largest glacial erratic in the Foothills Erratics Train, situated about 7 km west of the town. Before European settlement, journeying First Nations used the rock as a marker to find the river crossing situated at Okotoks; the tribes were nomadic and followed large buffalo herds for their sustenance. David Thompson explored the area as early as 1800. Soon trading posts sprang up, including one established in 1874 at the Sheep River crossing on the current Okotoks townsite; this crossing was on a trade route called the Macleod Trail, which led from Fort Benton, Montana to Calgary.
In 1879, the area saw the killing of the last buffalo. Government leasing of land for one cent per acre began in 1880; this created a major change in the region. The first settlers arrived in 1882. A community grew up around a sawmill, established in 1891, it would grow in size; the last stagecoach stopped in Okotoks in 1891 when rail service between Calgary and Fort Macleod replaced horse-drawn travel. By 1897 the community name had changed three times: from Sheep Creek to Dewdney to Okotoks, assigned by the Canadian Pacific Railway; the rail line is still a main line south to the U. S. border, but the last of the passenger service ended in 1971. In 2007, the energy efficient Drake Landing Solar Community was established in Okotoks. Okotoks has experienced three major flooding events, in 1995, 2005 and 2013; the 2005 event, which affected much of southern Alberta, flooded all lands adjacent to the Sheep River, including the central business district, were at least flooded, with the most serious damage being inflicted to riverside pathways and campgrounds.
Okotoks was affected by the 2013 Alberta floods. Numerous old buildings have been restored, one house was resituated blocks away to avoid destruction by the widening of the highway through the townsite. Effective July 1, 2017 the Government of Alberta approved the annexation of 1,950 hectares of land. Okotoks and the Municipal District of Foothills reached an agreement more than three years after the town first issued its notice of intent to seek more land to accommodate its long-term growth plans. Okotoks will gain a 60-year land supply that will enable the Town to develop housing and other services over the next several decades. Although the Sheep River runs through Okotoks year round, artesian wells near the river supply the town with its water. In September 1998, Okotoks became one of the first communities in Canada to recognize its environmental limits to growth were restricted by the carrying capacity of the local watershed. In concern for the supply of water, the town announced a unique and controversial suggestion of capping its population at 25,000 residents.
In an interview on The Current, Mayor Bill McAlpine stated that this objective may be politically difficult due to the surrounding region. Neighbourhoods of Okotoks are: In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Okotoks recorded a population of 28,881 living in 9,667 of its 9,840 total private dwellings, a 17.8% change from its 2011 population of 24,511. With a land area of 19.63 km2, it had a population density of 1,471.3/km2 in 2016. The population of the Town of Okotoks according to its 2015 municipal census is 28,016, a 2.5% change from its 2014 municipal census population of 27,331. At its current population, Okotoks is the largest town in the province and is eligible for city status. According to Alberta's Municipal Government Act, a town is eligible for city status when it reaches 10,000 residents. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Okotoks had a population of 24,511 living in 8,423 of its 8,704 total dwellings, a 42.9% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 17,150.
With a land area of 19.24 km2, it had a population density of 1,274.0/km2 in 2011. The 2011 census indicated that Okotoks was ranked as the municipality with the tenth-highest population growth between 2006 and 2011. 3% of Okotoks residents identified themselves as aboriginal at the time of the 2006 census. About 93% of residents identified English as their first language while 1.4% identified French and 1.0% identified German as their first language learned. The next most common languages were Spanish, Chinese and Slovak; the sawmill, established by John Lineham along the Sheep River in 1891 operated for 25 years and was a major part of the local economy. At one time it employed 135 people; the growth of the Canadian Pacific Railway created a demand for railway ties and the mill helped meet that demand. Logs were brought down from the west via the Sheep River; the mill has long since disappeared but one building still stands. It housed an award-winning dairy from the 1920s to the 1940s, it houses a law office and restaurant.
In May 2015 the Old Creamery was damaged following a suspected arson attack. On 15 June 2015 the Town Council voted to demolish the building. In 1900, just west of Okotoks, four brick-making plants were opened. Many of the first brick buildings in Okotoks (of which a number
Martensville is a city located in Saskatchewan, just 8 kilometres north of Saskatoon, 14 kilometres south west of Clarkboro Ferry which crosses the South Saskatchewan River. It is sometimes considered a bedroom community of Saskatoon, it is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Corman Park No. 344. The community is served by the Saskatoon/Richter Field Aerodrome located west of the city across Highway 12. In 1939, Isaac and Dave Martens purchased land north of Saskatoon, they sold three small parcels of land to people who wanted to move out of Saskatoon and, as a result, the community of Martensville was created. Many Mennonites who worked in Saskatoon chose to live there to retain connections to the large Mennonite community of the Hague-Osler area. Martensville was incorporated as a village in 1966 and as a town three years in 1969. Sewer and water was established in 1976 with the town experiencing accelerated growth. In 2009, Martensville was incorporated as a city. According to the 2016 Canadian census, the population of the Martensville is 9,645, making the city the eleventh largest city in the province.
The city was granted city status on November 3, 2009. Martensville, located between the North Saskatchewan River and South Saskatchewan River, is between 600 meters to 700 meters above sea level. Martensville is located just north of the moist mixed grasslands area typical of Saskatoon, locates instead in an ecoregion of aspen parkland, it is located just 20 kilometers north of Saskatoon, 14 kilometers southwest of Clarkboro Ferry, which crosses the South Saskatchewan River. The 10 km distance between Martensville and Warman is the closest between two chartered cities in the province. By comparison, Martensville is 18 km north of downtown Saskatoon, its next closest neighbour. Martensville is in a dry-prairie/savanna biome and experiences warm summers and cold winters. Martensville has four distinct seasons. Average temperatures range from −17 °C in January to 18 °C in July. Martensville is dry, it belongs to the continental climate region of Canada which typifies warm summers according to the Köppen climate classification.
The geology of the area are sandy plains which resulted from shorelines of glacial lakes and depositions from glacial lakes as the Laurentide ice sheet left the area. There are no large lakes in this area due to the sandy soils which drained away melting glacial waters; the lakes in this area are remnants of the South Saskatchewan river channels. Martensville has a mayor as the highest ranking government official. Kent Muench holds the position as mayor of Martensville, having been sworn in on November 6, 2012, they elects aldermen or councillors to form the municipal council. Provincially Martensville is within the Martensville-Warman constituency served by their MLA, Nancy Heppner. Martensville is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by MP of the Carlton Trail—Eagle Creek riding; the city does not have its own police service and is in contract with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for protective services along with Corman Park Police Service and the Saskatoon Police Service, who provide additional assistance when needed.
Martensville received its first school in 1953. Martensville is served by three public elementary schools, one catholic elementary school and one high school in the Prairie Spirit School Division. Valley Manor Elementary School is located on the south side of Martensville, while Venture Heights Elementary School and the Martensville High School are both located on the north side; each school has an enrollment of over seven hundred students. In the spring of 2008, CA$698,000 was allocated for portable classrooms at Valley Manor and Venture Heights Schools. A new public K-8 school will be opening for the 2017-2018 school year. Lake Vista Public School will be able to accommodate 450 students and is located in the new Lake Vista neighborhood. Pupils were served by the Halcyonia School District #1237 one-room school house at South West Section 28 township 40 Range 8 W of the 3 meridian, established by the historical Rural Municipality number 384; some pupils may have attended Virtue one-room school house #2616, built at a date at Tsp 38 Rge 6 W of the 3 meridian.
In 2010, Catholic residents in Martensville formed a local Catholic school division which amalgamated with Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools shortly thereafter. It was revealed on June 23, 2015, that the division's new elementary school in Martensville will be named Holy Mary Catholic School and it is expected to be complete by 2017; the city has seven lakes. The lakes and creeks are part of the Opimihaw Creek system; the lakes were created for water retention but are used for a variety of year-round recreational activities including perch fishing and skating. The city has a new outdoor pool facility that opened in the summer of 2010; the facility includes a six-lane junior olympic-sized pool, a zero-depth entry pool, a toddler pool. There are several spray features, it is right next to the community centre. Wanuskewin Heritage Park, a Provincial Heritage Property and interpretive centre, is located 5 miles from Martensville, the Sutherland Bird Sanctuary is within 10 miles. See the article on Saskatoon for additional regional points of interest shared with Martensville.
Martensville holds its annual Buster Days festival every June in the first or second week. Buster Days is a 3-day festival that includes
The Township of Norwich is a municipality located in Oxford County in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. The preferred pronunciation of the town name is NOR-witch, which differs from the pronunciation NORR-ij used for the city of Norwich, England; the origin of Norwich, Ontario, is more Norwich in Upper New York State, the area from which the pioneering families emigrated in the early 19th century, where the community was known as Norwichville. Oxford County Road 59 is the major north–south highway through much of the township, including the community of Norwich proper; the local economy is agricultural, based on corn and wheat production with dairy farming in the north part of the township and tobacco and ginseng farming to the south. Ginseng and traditional cash crops are replacing the former cash crop - tobacco, as demand shrinks. East Oxford and South Norwich, Norwich includes the communities of Beaconsfield, Bond's Corners, Brown's Corners, Cornell, Curries, Hawtrey, Hink's Corners, Milldale, Newark, New Durham, Oriel, Oxford Centre, Rock's Mills, Springford, Summerville and Vandecar.
Upon his arrival in the province in 1792, the first proclamation issued by Gov. Simcoe, while still at Kingston, announced the names and boundaries he had decided upon as political boundaries for Upper Canada. For areas lying to the west of Kingston, he decided that county names would be a "mirror of Britain". To accomplish this, the sequence of names for counties along Lake Ontario became Northumberland, Durham and Lincoln, for counties along Lake Erie, the names became Norfolk, Suffolk and Kent; the proclamation defined the northern boundary of Norfolk County as being the Thames River. Norwich and Dereham townships were within the land area designated as belonging to Norfolk County in Upper Canada, were named after the towns of Norwich and Dereham in Norfolk County in England. Gov. Simcoe with several other government officers, guided by a party of Six Nations warriors, conducted a wilderness tour on foot down and back up the length of the Thames River in 1793 and decided to assign additional place names to mirror those they knew along the Thames River in England.
Middlesex County was the name assigned to the area around a town site reserved at the "lower forks" in the river, to be called London. When legislation was passed in Upper Canada in 1798 to implement these new divisions and Dereham were separated from Norfolk County and added to the new Oxford County, which included Burford, Blenheim and Oxford townships - names drawn from Oxfordshire in England. Shortly after returning from this tour, Simcoe received in March 1793 a petition from Thomas Ingersoll and associates asking for grant of a township to which they promised to bring settlers from New England. Simcoe was impressed that the list of associates in the group was headed by the name of Gideon Bostwick, a well-known Church of England missionary in Massachusetts, the group was granted the township of Oxford-on-the-Thames; the only way to bring settlers into such a wilderness area township was to first build a road from Brantford up to the Thames River, a distance of thirty miles, Thomas Ingersoll arranged that work over the course of the next two years, involving numerous journeys back and forth by those involved.
In all of this, the first ones to become permanently settled in the township were Samuel Canfield Sr. and his wife and sons, who agreed to make their new home into a half-way stopping point for travellers along the road, at what became known as Oxford Centre. This is commemorated with plaques at the cemetery there and in front of the elementary school a short distance to the east along what is now known as "The Old Stage Road"; the Bostwicks and Canfields were all New England families who had made their start in the New World in the 1600s, frontier living had been second nature to them for generations. The Bostwicks and Canfields were kinfolk as community leaders in several places. Samuel Canfield Sr. was valuable to the Oxford settlement because he had lived the life of starting a new settlement in the mountains of New Hampshire. In the early 1770s he and wife Lucy joined a group of Connecticut families, granted the wilderness township of Marlow there, Samuel soon became a town leader, elected one of the selectmen for the community and appointed captain of the local militia company.
When the War of Independence came, he rallied the company to support the Continental Army. For this he is still revered as a local hero in Marlow. For he and his family, the Marlow years brought sorrow, because three daughters died and are buried there, two of them lost together in a house fire in 1789. Samuel complained of hearing voices which drove him to quit Marlow, the family was living in southern Vermont by the time Gideon Bostwick was traveling his Anglican mission circuit which reached there, spreading word of the township grant, received in far-away Oxford. Samuel and family agreed to join the new venture, but he brought with him his own faith as a Baptist, he had been a Baptist preacher in Marlow, a community, drawn to a missionary named Caleb Blood in the early 1770s, Caleb Blood became the first Bapti