Telus Corporation is a Canadian national telecommunications company that provides a wide range of telecommunications products and services including internet access, entertainment, video, IPTV television. The company is based in the British Columbia area. Telus' wireless division, Telus Mobility, offers HSPA+, LTE-based mobile phone networks. Telus is the incumbent local exchange carrier in British Alberta. Telus' primary competitors are Shaw Communications, Bell Canada and Vidéotron. Telus is a member of the British Columbia Technology Industry Association. Telus was formed in 1990 by the government of Alberta as Telus Communications, a holding company in order to facilitate the privatization of the Alberta Government Telephones Commission, a crown corporation that provided telephone service to most of Alberta outside of Edmonton. In 1995, it acquired Edmonton Telephones Corporation, the main telephone provider for Edmonton itself, from the City of Edmonton. Making Telus the sole provider of telephone service in Alberta.
In 1996, Telus was introduced to the public as the consumer brand, replacing both EdTel. In 1998, Telus and BCTel announced a proposed merger; the merger was completed in 1999. While Telus was the nominal survivor, the merged company moved its headquarters from Edmonton to Vancouver; the corporate name was altered to the present Telus Corporation. The merger created Canada's second largest telcom, with 22% of market share compared to Bell Canada's 42%. Large swaths of rural Quebec the Gaspé Peninsula and the north shore, were served from 1927 by an entity known as Corporation de Téléphone et de Pouvoir de Québec, in 1955, this became known as Québec Téléphone. In 1966, the Anglo-Canadian Telephone Company, a subsidiary of General Telephone and Electronics of Stamford, became a majority shareholder in Québec Téléphone. Anglo-Canadian owned BCTel, GTE owned services in Barbados, Dominican Republic and Trinidad and Tobago. In 1997, Groupe QuébecTel was established to own Québec Téléphone. Following the merger of BCTel with Telus of Alberta, GTE sold its interests in Québec Téléphone to Telusin August 2000, which renamed it Telus Québec on April 2, 2001.
In late 2004, American telecom Verizon Communications sold its 20.5% stake in Telus. This was. Telus is rolling out its next generation fibre optic network, will have invested more than $51 billion in British Columbia alone between 2000–2019. After the Telus-BCTel merger, unionized employees voted to certify the Telecommunications Workers Union as the sole bargaining agent for the expanded company's workforce; the TWU had been the union representing BCTel employees – it replaced the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers in Alberta. A labour dispute between Telus and the TWU began after the previous contract, negotiated with BCTel before the Telus merger, expired at the end of 2000. After Telus made its final offer to the TWU it informed the union of its intention to bring an end to the dispute by unilaterally implementing its April 2005 offer to employees in Alberta and British Columbia; the next day the union went on strike, although the union referred to the dispute as a "lockout."
On July 25, 2005, Telus blocked its Internet subscribers from accessing a website supporting striking union members. The company expressed concerns over content on the site, saying it identified employees crossing picket lines and encouraged disruptive behaviour, while the union alleged it amounted to censorship; the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association issued an official objection to the unilateral blocking on July 26, stating "Telus is leveraging its power as a telecommunications service provider to censor a specific group, shut down debate and limit the messages conveyed about the current labour dispute". An Alberta court injunction ordered the blocked website, Voices For Change, to remove postings of "Telus employee photos" and other "intimidating or threatening material"; the site owner agreed to comply and Telus unblocked the website. Telus and the TWU ratified a tentative agreement on November 2005, ending the dispute. Telus International is Telus' global arm, providing global contact center and business process outsourcing services to corporations in the financial services, consumer electronics and gaming, telecommunications and utilities industries.
Telus International has contact centers in the Philippines, the United Kingdom, Central America, Eastern Europe, where it is known as Telus International Europe In April 2011, Telus Mobility relaunched the Clearnet brand as a limited market trial in Kelowna, British Columbia, Red Deer, Alberta. The company again closed to new business in June 2012. In February 2013, Telus exchanged all non-voting shares into common shares on a one-for-one basis. In October 2013, Telus acquired minor mobile phone provider Public Mobile and relaunched it in 2015 as a "value brand" MVNO on the Telus network. In October 2008, Telus was named one of British Columbia's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., announced by The Vancouver Sun, The Province and the Victoria Times-Colonist. In recent years, the company has been accused of taking actions to hinder the emergence of competition in Canadian telecommunications. This, along with other industry concerns, has led to consumer and industry pressure to reform
Shaw Communications Inc. is a Canadian telecommunications company which provides telephone, Internet and mobile services all backed by a fibre optic network. Headquartered in Calgary, Shaw provides services in British Columbia and Alberta, with smaller systems in Saskatchewan and Northern Ontario. Through its subsidiary Freedom Mobile, Shaw provides mobile services in urban areas of British Columbia and Southern Ontario; the company's chief competitor is Telus Corporation. Shaw was founded as Capital Cable Television Company, Ltd. in Edmonton, Alberta, in 1966, by JR Shaw. It was a subsidiary of Shawcor, JR's father's business, but the business was split from Shawcor in the 1970s; the company changed its name to Shaw Cablesystems Ltd. and went public on the TSX in 1983. The company grew during the 1980s and 1990s through acquisitions of firms including Classicomm in the Toronto area, Access Communications in Nova Scotia, Fundy Cable in New Brunswick, Trillium Cable in Ontario, Telecable in Saskatchewan, Greater Winnipeg Cablevision, Videon Cablesystems of Winnipeg, which had itself acquired Vidéotron's assets in Alberta.
However, two swaps, in 1994 and 2001, with Rogers Cable have resulted in its assets being restricted to Western Canada and a few areas of Northern Ontario. In 1999, Shaw spun out its media properties into a second publicly-traded company, Corus Entertainment. In 2001 the Moffat family sold Videon Cablesystems to Shaw. Prior to 2003, Shaw owned cable systems in the United States owned by Moffat Communications, serving six communities in Florida, the Houston, Texas suburbs of Kingwood, Lake Conroe and Lake Livingston. In February 2003, the Florida systems would be sold to Time Warner Cable, while the Texas systems were sold to Cequel III, as part of its then-Cebridge Connections subsidiary. In 2008, Shaw entered the AWS spectrum auction with the intention of becoming a wireless phone provider; the auction ended July 2008, giving Shaw Communications enough spectrum to build a wireless network in its home provinces of British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Ontario. This spectrum went unused and was sold to Rogers Communications in January 2013.
In July 2009, Shaw announced its acquisition of Mountain Cablevision. However, the suit was dismissed by the Ontario Superior Court; the purchase was approved by the CRTC on October 22, 2009. The acquisition was Shaw's first cable property east of Sault Ste. Marie since the 2001 swaps with Rogers and Cogeco. Shaw's re-entry into Southern Ontario would be short-lived, as its Hamilton system would be resold to Rogers in January 2013 as part of a deal which saw unused wireless spectrum sold to the company, saw Rogers sell its stake in specialty channel TVtropolis. On April 30, 2009, Shaw announced a deal to acquire three television stations — CHWI-TV in Windsor, Ontario, CKNX-TV in Wingham, Ontario and CKX-TV in Brandon, Manitoba — from CTVglobemedia. CTV had indicated that it would shut down the stations, all of which were incurring extensive financial losses in the year if a buyer could not be found, had placed them on the market at a price of just $1 each. However, it was reported on June 30, 2009 that Shaw had backed out of the deal and was declining to complete the purchase.
CHWI-TV would remain on the air. In February 2010, Shaw announced an agreement with the financially troubled Canwest, whereby Shaw would buy an 80% voting interest, 20% equity interest, in the restructured entity of Canwest, pending approvals from the CRTC and others. Three months following negotiations with rival bidders, the company said it would purchase the entirety of Canwest's broadcasting assets, including the interests in the CW Media subsidiary held by Goldman Sachs Capital Partners. Canwest's newspapers were sold separately to Postmedia Network; the acquisition was completed on October 27, 2010, after CRTC approval for the sale was announced on October 22, forming the Shaw Media division. In November 2012, Shaw underwent a corporate re-branding, introducing an updated logo and slogan, along with a new promotional campaign featuring animated robots that live in a representation of Shaw's infrastructure, depicting them as being responsible for how their services work; the campaign was designed by the Vancouver-based agency Rethink, who were responsible for Bell Canada's beaver characters Frank and Gordon.
In April 2013, Shaw Business Solutions took over Enmax's Envision subsidiary, which had built a fiber-optic network throughout Calgary. The acquisition was completed for $225 Million. In 2014, Shaw partnered with Rogers Communications to launch Shomi, a subscription video on demand service. In February 2015, Shaw Communications announced that they would close operations for service call centers in Edmonton and Kelowna, consolidate operations in Victoria, Vancouver and Montreal. 1,600 of Shaw's 14,000 employees were affected by cuts. The company offered affected employees the option to relocate to its centralized offices, apply for a new job at their location, or leave the co
Freedom Mobile Inc. is a Canadian wireless telecommunications provider owned by Shaw Communications. With 1,516,256 active subscribers in urban areas of Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta, it is Canada's fourth largest mobile network operator with 4.5% market share. Founded in 2008 as Wind Mobile by the telecommunications company Globalive, Freedom was one of several new mobile carriers launched in Canada in 2008 after a government initiative to encourage competition in the wireless sector alongside Mobilicity and Public Mobile, it launched mobile data and voice services in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area, Ontario on December 16, 2009 and two days in Calgary, Alberta. Since Southern Ontario has been the main target of network expansion: first with Ottawa in Q1 2011, with about half a dozen additional regions, the most recent being Brantford on July 3, 2014. Globalive, a Canadian company was financed by an Egyptian corporation, Orascom Telecom Holding, managed by Wind Telecom S.p. A. which owns a number of other "Wind" brand telecommunications companies.
Globalive bid $442 million in 2008 to secure the Advanced Wireless Services wireless spectrum required for the launch of the network. Ken Campbell, a former Vodafone and Orascom executive, was named as Chief Executive Officer of Globalive Wireless in 2008; the launch of the company was delayed due to a public ownership review by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. The regulatory body stated; the most prominent issue was Globalive's reliance on Orascom for its debt, which stood at $508 million. Globalive completed its first test call on the network in June 2009. On December 11 of that year, the Governor-in-Council issued a final decision deeming that Globalive does meet ownership requirements, allowing Globalive to enter the Canadian market immediately. On December 14, shortly before the peak of the Christmas and holiday season, Wind announced an alliance with Blockbuster LLC in Canada to offer Wind kiosks and prepaid products within Blockbuster stores at 16 locations, 13 in Ontario and 3 in Calgary.
On December 16, Wind Mobile launched its service in Toronto. A launch event was hosted at its Queens Quay location in downtown Toronto. Wind gained "close to 5,000 subscribers" during the 16 days it offered service in 2009. Chris Robbins, Chief Customer Officer, resigned from Wind Mobile on March 4, 2010. Both Robbins and Wind Mobile said that the departure was due to strategic changes and the former wanting to pursue other business opportunities. Analysts assessed the change negatively speculating that an executive departure so early reflected disappointing market penetration. On March 27, 2010, Wind Mobile launched its service in Ottawa. A launch event was hosted at the Rideau St location. Service was launched in most of Greater Vancouver area and Edmonton, Alberta throughout the year. Wind Mobile announced on August 13 that in early July, they had reached "the 100,000 mark in terms of new wireless subscribers". Orascom's third-quarter financial report, released in November 2010, listed Wind's subscriber base as 139,681.
On February 4, 2011, the Federal Court ruled in a suit brought by competitors Public Mobile and Telus that the Governor in Council's decision regarding Wind's Canadian ownership requirements was improper. Wind was granted a 45-day stay of the decision to file arguments. On May 18, the Federal Court of Appeal heard arguments from Wind and the federal government as to why the Federal Court decision should be quashed; the Federal Court of Appeal's decision allowed Globalive's appeal and restored the Governor in Council's order that Wind met Canadian ownership requirements. On September 19, Public Mobile entered an application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada. On March 17, the shareholders of Russian mobile telephone operator VimpelCom voted in support of a $6 billion deal to acquire Wind Telecom, whose assets include Orascom Telecom, a significant shareholder in Wind Mobile; the transaction would create the world’s fifth largest mobile operator by subscribers – more than 173 million subscribers.
In June, Ken Campbell, the founding CEO, departed the company. Campbell had led the management team since start up, leading the build out of the company in its five major markets, he went on to be CEO at a former Orascom property, the leading operator in Tunisia, co-found the Canadian cellphone repair chain Mobile Klinik. Wind's network in the region of Kitchener and Waterloo was launched on August 16, during the back to school season of 2011. In conjunction with this launch, the company introduced a Windtab+ option for Pay After customers, a promotional Super Smart plan for all customers. Both services were available to all Wind subscribers in any Wind zones. Guelph coverage was announced on September 9 and two stores opened in Guelph by the end of the month; the St. Catharines and Welland zones were launched on October 15, one store was opened in each city; the provider added more stores in October for all these regions, along with new handsets and special promotions. The carrier launched a new advertising campaign on November 7, adopting the slogan "That's the power of Wind" and reinforcing orange as its official colour.
A promotional "Oh Canada" plan was offered in conjunction with the new campaign. Service in Niagara Falls was launched on November 23. To celebrate, the company offered 30 Nokia C7 smartphones at its store in The Pen Centre shopping mall. Wind plans to connect the Niagara region coverage with that of the Gr
Sogetel is a private Canadian telecommunications company founded in 1892. Sogetel is a landline independent telephone company that serves multiple areas, most rural, in Quebec, it provides mobile telephony in 6000 subscribers in Mauricie and central Québec. Sogetel Numérique operates as a competitive local exchange carrier in various communities in Bell territory Local telephony Cellular phone Internet service provider Web hosting Centre-du-Québec Chaudière-Appalaches Mauricie Montérégie Sogetel Mobilité Sogetel Interurbain Sogetel Numérique Sogetel Internet NTIC Téléphone Milot Corporation de Téléphone de La Baie Compagnie téléphone Nantes inc. Sogetel is member of: Association des compagnies de téléphone du Québec Canadian Independent Telephone Association Société d’administration des tarifs d’accès des télécommunicateurs
A telephone company known as a telco, telephone service provider, or telecommunications operator, is a kind of communications service provider that provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications access. Many telephone companies were at one time government agencies or owned but state-regulated monopolies; the government agencies are referred to in Europe, as PTTs. Telephone companies are common carriers, in the United States are called local exchange carriers. With the advent of mobile telephony, telephone companies now include wireless carriers, or mobile network as. Most telephone companies now function as internet service providers and the distinction between a telephone company and an ISP may disappear over time, as the current trend for supplier convergence in the industry continues. In 1913, a telephone trust ended and more than 20,000 independent telephone companies were able to use the trunk lines of Bell Telephone Company. Comedian Lily Tomlin satirized the telephone industry with a skits playing the telephone operator Ernestine.
Ernestine, who became one of Tomlin's trademark characters, was most famous for the following line: "We don't care. We're the phone company." In the satirical 1967 film The President's Analyst, "TPC, The Phone Company", is depicted as plotting to enslave humanity by replacing with implanted mobile In the 1988 video game Zak McKracken and the Alien Mindbenders, The Phone Company was used by the Caponian aliens to secretly reduce the intelligence of humans. Citations BibliographyHuurdeman, Anton A; the Worldwide History Of Telecommunications, Wiley-IE, 2 ISBN 0-471-20505-2, ISBN 978-0-471-20505-0business broadband
Bell Aliant Inc. is a Canadian communications company providing services in various areas throughout Canada. Bell Canada, the largest shareholder in the company and most of its predecessors throughout their respective histories, took full ownership of Bell Aliant in late 2014. In announcing these plans, Bell Canada indicated that the Bell Aliant brand name will continue to be used in Atlantic Canada; the current firm is the successor to Aliant Telecom Inc, formed from the 1999 merger of Maritime Telephone and Telegraph Company, Island Telecom and NewTel Enterprises the four main incumbent telephone companies in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador respectively. Bell Canada was the largest shareholder of MT&T, NewTel prior to the merger, received a 53% stake in the merged company, Aliant. At the time that Aliant Inc. was being formed, the executives of the four merging companies agreed to a co-operative management strategy which would see no specific province have a Bell Aliant head office.
On April 14, 2006, Bell and Aliant announced plans to merge Aliant's operations into those of Bell. Aliant's "high growth" wireless and retail networks would be folded into Bell's wholly owned Bell Mobility and Bell World operations, respectively. Aliant, under a new income trust structure, would acquire Bell's "regional" landline operations in Ontario and Quebec; this created the significant challenges involved with merging English-speaking operations with French-speaking operations. The transaction was completed on July 10, 2006, saw the appointment of Stephen Wetmore of Bell, as President and CEO. Bell Canada retained 45% of the restructured Aliant. Fund units representing about 28.5% of Bell Aliant were distributed to shareholders of Bell's parent company, BCE. Shareholders of the former Aliant Inc. received units representing 26.5% of the firm. The purpose was to separate out the more stable parts of Bell's holdings, i.e. wireline operations in markets with little competition, to satisfy investors.
The restructuring was not expected to have any effect on end consumers in terms of existing pricing or bundling practices. Meanwhile, Bell Canada proper continues to have full control over its wireless and satellite/cable operations throughout Canada, as well as wireline operations in major centres such as Toronto, Ottawa and surrounding areas. Bell Aliant has assumed Bell's 63.4% interests in both NorthernTel and Télébec. Since January 30, 2007, both are 100%-owned by Bell Aliant. Since 2016 they have been considered subsidiaries of BCE as Bell Aliant's operations were consolidated into those of Bell Canada. Both firms continued to operate their own wireless networks until 2015. On January 1, 2013, Bell Aliant completed its purchase of Dryden Municipal Telephone Service, a municipal telephone utility in Dryden, Ontario. On July 23, 2014, BCE announced it would privatize Bell Aliant by acquiring the interest of Bell Aliant's public minority shareholders. On October 3, 2014, BCE announced the successful completion of its tender offer to purchase all outstanding Bell Aliant publicly held common shares.
On November 3, 2014, BCE announced the formal close of the transaction as BCE acquired all remaining Bell Aliant common shares not acquired under BCE's tender offer through a compulsory acquisition effective October 31, 2014. Bell Aliant common shares were de-listed from the Toronto Stock Exchange on October 31, 2014. In October 2014, Bell Aliant completed its acquisition of Ontera, the telecommunications division of the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission; the company operates as "Bell Aliant" in Atlantic Canada. The Atlantic Canada services were known as "Aliant" until summer 2008; the former Aliant wireless and retail networks operated under the "Aliant" brand in Atlantic Canada, albeit now under the direct control of Bell. Wireless services transitioned to the Bell brand in April 2008. In Atlantic Canada, Bell Aliant's services include high-speed and dial-up internet access, wireline telephone service, IPTV cable television, its main competitors are the region's incumbent cable providers, EastLink and Rogers Communications, who had eroded on Bell Aliant's market share until mid-2009, as of 2015, the unrelated Island Telecom, a fibre optic service provider in Prince Edward Island.
In 2009 Bell Aliant launched'FibreOp', now marketed under the common Bell parent product name Fibe, as of mid-2011 the service was available to 294,000 homes and businesses in Atlantic Canada. Bell Aliant's email service has been excoriated in various media outlets and by customers for service failures and an outdated webmail program. A Google News Search reveals some of the problems, which have persisted into 2019. Area codes 902 and 782 Area code 506 Area code 709 Area codes 418 and 581 Area codes 819 and 873 Area codes 705 and 249 Area code 807 Bell Canada Cybertip.ca List of internet service providers in Canada Official website
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000