Liu Zongyuan was a Chinese writer and poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty. Liu was born in Shanxi. Along with Han Yu, he was a founder of the Classical Prose Movement, he has been traditionally classed as one of the "Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song". Liu Zongyuan was born in 773, his courtesy name was Zihou. Liu Zongyuan's civil service career was successful, he was exiled first to Yongzhou, to Liuzhou, where he became the city Governor. A park and temple in Liuzhou is dedicated to his memory, his exile allowed his literary career to flourish: he produced poems, reflective travelogues and essays synthesizing elements of Confucianism and Buddhism. He died in 819. Liu's best-known travel pieces are the Eight Records of Excursions in Yongzhou. Around 180 of his poems are extant, of which five have been collected in the anthology Three Hundred Tang Poems; some of his works celebrate his freedom from office. One of his most famous poems is "Jiangxue", sometimes translated into English as "Winter Snow" or "River Snow": this poem has been an inspiration to many works of Chinese painting.
Liu Zongyuan wrote a criticism of Guoyu. In response, Liu Zhang. Classical Chinese poetry List of Three Hundred Tang Poems poets Tang poetry Chen, Jo-shui, Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China, 773–819, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0521419646. Nienhauser Jr. William H.. Ueki, Hisayuki. "Shijin to Shi no Shōgai". In Matsuura, Tomohisa. Kanshi no Jiten 漢詩の事典. Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten. Pp. 113–115. OCLC 41025662. Liu Zongyuan in Wengu textbase, five poems in traditional Chinese arrayed with Bynner's translation. Biography and translations of five poems. Works by or about Liu Zongyuan at Internet Archive Works by Liu Zongyuan at LibriVox Books of the Quan Tangshi that include collected poems of Liu Zongyuan at the Chinese Text Project: Book 350 Book 351 Book 352 Book 353
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang commonly known as Emperor Ming of Tang or Illustrious August, personal name Li Longji known as Wu Longji from 690 to 705, was the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 713 to 756 C. E, his reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty. In the early half of his reign he was astute ruler. Ably assisted by capable chancellors like Yao Chong, Song Jing and Zhang Yue, he was credited with bringing Tang China to a pinnacle of culture and power. Emperor Xuanzong, was blamed for over-trusting Li Linfu, Yang Guozhong and An Lushan during his late reign, with Tang's golden age ending in the Anshi Rebellion. Li Longji was born at the Tang dynasty eastern capital Luoyang in 685, during the first reign of his father Emperor Ruizong – but at that time, Emperor Ruizong's mother Empress Dowager Wu, not Emperor Ruizong, was in actual control of power as empress dowager and regent. Li Longji was the third son of Emperor Ruizong, his mother was Emperor Ruizong's concubine Consort Dou, ranked.
In 687, as the emperor's son, he was created the Prince of Chu. It was said that he was handsome as a child, was talented in music, he had two older brothers – Li Chengqi, born of Emperor Ruizong's wife Empress Liu, Li Chengyi, as well as three younger brothers – Li Longfan, Li Longye, Li Longti. He had two full younger sisters, Princess Jinxian and Princess Yuzhen, who become Taoist nuns. In 690, Dowager Empress Wu had her son Emperor Ruizong yield the throne to her, she took the throne as empress regnant of a new Zhou dynasty, interrupting Tang, she imposed upon his family the surname Wu to match hers. In 692, Li Longji and his brothers were allowed to have residences outside the palace and were given staffs at their mansions. In 693, both his mother Consort Dou and Li Dan's wife Crown Princess Liu were killed by Wu Zetian inside the palace after Wu Zetian's lady-in-waiting Wei Tuan'er falsely accused them of using witchcraft against Wu Zetian – and not their bodies were recovered. Subsequently, all of Li Dan's sons were reduced in title, Li Longji's title was reduced to Prince of Linzi.
He and his brothers, along with their cousins Li Guangshun the Prince of Yifeng, Li Shouli the Prince of Yong, Li Shouyi the Prince of Yong'an, were kept inside the palace and not allowed to have contact with outsiders until 699, when they were allowed to leave the palace and take up residences outside. In 705, Wu Zetian was overthrown in a coup, Li Longji's uncle Li Xiăn, at that time crown prince, emperor prior to Li Dan, returned to the throne. Li Longji was made the deputy minister of military supplies. In 708, he was made the secretary general of Lu Prefecture. In 710, he was recalled to the capital Chang'an to attend to Emperor Zhongzong when Emperor Zhongzong was sacrificing to heaven and earth. Meanwhile, sorcerers engaged by Emperor Zhongzong believed that there was an aura of an emperor at the area of Chang'an where the mansions Li Longji and his uncles were, Emperor Zhongzong tried to fulfill the vision by visiting Li Longji's mansion and attending a feast there. While Li Longji was back in Chang'an, he spent time to cultivate relationships with imperial guard commanders, as he believed that Emperor Zhongzong's powerful wife Empress Wei would bring harm to the Tang dynasty.
In summer 710, Emperor Zhongzong died suddenly—a death that traditional historians believed to be a poisoning by Empress Wei and her daughter Li Guo'er the Princess Anle so that Empress Wei could become "emperor" like Wu Zetian and Li Guo'er could become crown princess. For the time being, Emperor Zhongzong's son by a concubine, Li Chongmao the Prince of Wen, was named emperor, but Empress Wei retained actual power as empress dowager and regent. Empress Dowager Wei's clan members, along with Zong, Li Guo'er's husband Wu Yanxiu, other officials Zhao Lüwen and Ye Jingneng were advising her to take the throne, like Wu Zetian did, they advised her to eliminate Li Dan and Princess Taiping; the official Cui Riyong leaked their plan to Li Longji. Li Longji responded by conspiring with Princess Taiping, Princess Taiping's son Xue Chongjian, as well as several low level officials close to him—Zhong Shaojing, Wang Chongye, Liu Youqiu, Ma Sizong —to act first. Meanwhile, Empress Wei's nephews Wei Bo and Gao Song, put in command of imperial guards and who had tried to establish their authority by dealing with the guards harshly, had alienated the guards, the guard officers Ge Fushun, Chen Xuanli, Li Xianfu thereafter joined the plot.
Without first informing Li Dan, the conspirators rose on 21 July, first killing Wei Bo, Empress Wei's cousin Wei Gui. They attacked the palace; when Empress Dowager Wei panicked and fled to an imperial guard camp, a guard beheaded her. Li Guo'er, Wu Yanxiu, Lady Helou were killed as well. Li Longji soon slaughtered a number of officials in Empress Dowager's faction as well as her clan, while displaying Empress Dowager Wei's body on the street. At the urging of Princess Taiping, Li Longji, Li Longji's br
Han Yu, courtesy name Tuizhi, was a Chinese writer and government official of the Tang dynasty who influenced the development of Neo-Confucianism. Described as "comparable in stature to Dante, Shakespeare or Goethe" for his influence on the Chinese literary tradition, Han Yu stood for strong central authority in politics and orthodoxy in cultural matters, he is considered by many to be among China's finest prose writers. Ming dynasty scholar Mao Kun ranked him first among the "Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song". Han Yu was born in Heyang in Henan to a family of noble lineage, his father worked as a minor official but died when Han Yu was two, raised in the family of his older brother, Han Hui. He was a student of confucian thought, his family moved to Chang'an in 774 but was banished to Southern China in 777 because of its association with disgraced minister Yuan Zai. Han Hui died in 781. In 792, after four attempts, Han Yu passed the jinshi imperial examination. In 796, after failing to secure a position in the civil service at the capital, he went into the service of the provincial military governor of Bianzhou until 799, of the military governor of Xuzhou.
He gained his first central government position in 802 on the recommendation of the military governor. However, he was soon exiled for failing to support the heir apparent's faction. From 807 to 819 he held a series of posts first in Luoyang and in Chang'an. During these years, he was strong advocate of reimposing central control over the separatist provinces of the north-east; this period of service came to an end when he wrote his famous Memorial on Bone-relics of the Buddha presented to Emperor Xianzong. The memorial is a worded protest against Buddhist influence on the country; the Emperor, offended by Han Yu's criticism, ordered his execution. He was however saved by his friends at the court, he was demoted and exiled to Chaozhou instead. After Han Yu offered a formal apology to the Emperor a few months he was transferred to a province nearer to the capital. Emperor Xianzong died within a year, his successor Emperor Muzong brought Han Yu back to the capital where he worked in the War Office.
He was appointed to a high-ranking position after he completed a mission to persuade a rebellious military commander to return to the fold. Han Yu held a number of their distinguished government posts such as the rector of the Imperial university. At the age of fifty-six, Han Yu died in Chang'an on December 25, 824 and was buried on April 21, 825 in the ancestral cemetery at Heyang. Han Yu was an important Confucian intellectual who influenced generations of Confucian thinkers, he sponsored many literary figures of the turn of the ninth century. He led a revolt against pianwen, a formal, richly ornamented literary style, advocating a return to a classical, simple and exact style, he felt that this classical style of writing—called guwen "ancient writing"—would be appropriate for the restoration of Confucianism. To him literature and ethics were intertwined, he advocated the personal assimilation of Confucian values through the Classics, making them part of one's life. Han Yu promoted Confucianism but was deeply opposed to Buddhism, a religion, popular at the Tang court.
In 819, he sent a letter, "Memorial on Bone-relics of the Buddha", to the emperor in which he denounced "the elaborate preparations being made by the state to receive the Buddha's fingerbone, which he called'a filthy object' and which he said should be'handed over to the proper officials for destruction by water and fire to eradicate forever its origin'. Han Yu contrasted the Chinese civilization and barbarism where people were "like birds and wild beast or like the barbarians", he considered Buddhism to be of barbarian origin, therefore an unsuitable religion for the Chinese people. Han Yu was critical of Daoism which he considered to be a harmful accretion to Chinese culture, he made the distinction between Daoism, a home-grown religion and Buddhism as a foreign faith. In "The Origin of Dao", he argued that the monasticism of both Buddhism and Daoism to be economically non-productive, creating economic and social dislocation, he criticised both of these beliefs for being unable to deal with social problems.
He considered Confucianism to be distinct from these two beliefs in linking the private, moral life of the individual with the public welfare of the state. He emphasised Mencius's method of assuring public morality and social order, his concept of the expression of Confucian spirituality through political action would form the intellectual basis for neo-Confucianism. Han Yu is considered the greatest master of classical prose in the Tang, he was listed first among the "Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song" by Ming Dynasty scholar Mao Kun. Together with Liu Zongyuan he headed the Classical Prose Movement to return to the unornamented prose of the Han Dynasty, he considered the classical "old style prose" or guwen to be the kind of writing more suited to argumentation and the expression of ideas. Han Yu's guwen however was not an imitation of ancient prose, but a new style based on the ancient ideals of clarity and utility. Han Yu wrote in many modes with discursiveness and experimental daring.
Amongst his best known essays are his polemics against Buddhism and Dao
Cai Yong, courtesy name Bojie, was an official and scholar of the Eastern Han dynasty. He was well-versed in calligraphy, music and astronomy. One of his daughters, Cai Yan / Cai Wenji, was a famous poet and musician. Cai Yong was born in a substantial local family in Yu County, Chenliu Commandery, around present-day Qi County, Henan; the Cai family had a reputation of not having their territory divided for three generations. When his father Cai Leng died, Cai Yong lived with his uncle Cai Zhi while taking great care for his own mother for her last three years; when she died, Cai Yong became known for his arrangement of his mother's tomb. After that, Cai Yong studied composition, astronomy, pitch-pipes and music under Hu Guang, one of the highest-ranking officials in the Han imperial court. In the early 160s, Cai Yong was recommended to Emperor Huan by the senior eunuchs for his skill with the drums and the guqin. On his way to the capital, Cai Yong feigned illness to return home to study in seclusion.
Ten years in the early 170s, Cai Yong served as a clerk under the official Qiao Xuan, who admired his abilities. Afterwards, Cai Yong served as a county magistrate and a Consultant in the capital, in charge of editing and collating the text in the library. Known for his literary skills, he was commissioned to write eulogies, memorial inscriptions, the like. In 175, in fear of parties trying to alter the Confucian classics to support their views, Cai Yong and a group of scholars petitioned to have the Five Classics engraved in stone. Emperor Ling approved, the result was the Xiping Stone Classics, completed in 183, which set the canon for future generations of scholars. Throughout his political career, he was an advocate of restoring ceremonial practices and criticised against the eunuchs' influence in politics, he was successful in persuading the emperor to participate in a ritual in the winter of 177 through his memorials, but his attacks on the eunuchs were not so successful. In the autumn of 178, the scholars were asked for advice on recent ill omens.
Cai Yong responded with criticisms of eunuch pretensions. The eunuchs learnt of the attack, accused Cai Yong and his uncle Cai Zhi of extortion, they were thrown into prison and sentenced to death, but the sentence was remitted to exile in the northern frontiers. Nine months he cited to the throne that his work on the dynastic history and classics were at risk from enemy raids, was allowed back to the capital. However, he offended the sibling of an influential eunuch during a farewell banquet before his return, which put his position in the capital at risk. Cai Yong stayed there for 12 years; when the warlord Dong Zhuo came to power in 189 and controlled the central government, he summoned Cai Yong back to the imperial capital Luoyang. At first Cai Yong was unwilling, but Dong Zhuo enforced his demand with the threat "I can eliminate whole clans", Cai Yong had no choice but to comply. Under Dong Zhuo, Cai Yong was appointed Left General of the Household, became in charge of revising rituals for Dong Zhuo's new government.
Despite Dong Zhuo's admiration of Cai Yong as a scholar and musician, Cai Yong worried about Dong Zhuo's temper and once considered to return home, but was persuaded that he was too well known to escape. In 192, when Dong Zhuo was killed in a plot by Wang Yun, Cai Yong was put into prison and sentenced to death for expressing grief at Dong Zhuo's death. Cai Yong and other government officials pleaded with Wang Yun to allow him to finish his work on the history of Han, but Wang Yun denied them, saying: "In ancient times, Emperor Wu failed to kill Sima Qian, so allowed him to write a book of slander, passed down to times. At this time, as the fortunes of the Emperor are in decline and there are war-horses in the suburbs, we cannot allow a treacherous minister to hold his brush among the attendants to a young emperor, it offers no advantage to the sage virtue of the ruler, it will cause our party to suffer contempt and abuse." It was said that Wang Yun regretted this decision, but Cai Yong had died in prison.
After his death, pictures were set up in his honour, commemorative eulogies were composed throughout Chenliu Commandery and Yan Province. Due to the turmoil in China in the decade after Cai Yong's death, many of his works were lost. However, Cai Yong had entrusted the bulk of his library to his protégé, Wang Can, it is through Wang Can's collection that Cai Yong's works can be found in compilations like the Book of Later Han. A few of his works survive today, his contributions include: The editing of the Xiping Stone Classics The compilation of Dongguan Hanji Duduan on ceremonial Cai Yong bencao on pharmacology Nü Xun, advice for women Qin Cao on playing the guqin Zhuan shi on the aspects of the traditional seal script Grandfather: Cai Xi Father: Cai Leng Uncle: Cai Zhi Children: Cai Yan, daughter Daughter, personal name unknown, married to Yang Dao Son, personal name unknown Grandchildren: Cai Xi, grandson Yang Huiyu, maternal granddaughter Yang Hu, maternal grandson Cai Bojie is the main protagonist in the 14th-century play Tale of the Pipa by Gao Ming.
Lists of people of the Three Kingdoms Asselin, Mark Laurent. A Significant Season: Cai Yong and His Contemporaries. New Haven, Connecticut: American Oriental Society, Monograph Series, vol. 92. ISBN 978-0-940490-27-7. Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms. de Crespigny, Rafe. To Establish Peace: being the Chronicle of the Later H
Li Yu (Southern Tang)
Li Yu, before 961 known as Li Congjia known as Li Houzhu, was the third ruler of the Southern Tang state during imperial China's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from 961 until 976, when he was captured by the invading Song dynasty armies which annexed his kingdom, he died by poison on orders of Emperor Taizong of Song after 2 years as an exiled prisoner. Although an incompetent ruler, he was a representative lyric poet during his era to the extent of having been called the "first true master" of the ci form. In the same Chinese year Li Congjia was born, his grandfather Xu Zhigao known as Xu Gao founded the state Qi, renaming it Tang 2 years later; when Li Congjia was 6, his father Li Jing became the next Southern Tang emperor. With Li Jing naming his younger brother Li Jingsui his heir apparent, his sixth eldest son Li Congjia seemed unlikely to succeed the throne. However, many of Li Congjia's brothers died young, after the death of the second eldest brother Li Hongmao in 951, Li Congjia all of a sudden found himself right behind Li Hongji — the eldest brother — and uncle Li Jingsui in the succession line.
Li Hongji, a withdrawn and troubled young man, resented his crown prince uncle, whom he saw as a political enemy standing in his way. He disliked his younger brother Li Congjia though they shared the same biological mother, Empress Zhong. Fearing the possible results of this family enmity, Li Congjia tried hard to be inconspicuous and focused on the arts, including poetry and music, he loved reading, a passion encouraged by his father an acclaimed poet. At the age of 17, Li Congjia married Zhou Ehuang, chancellor Zhou Zong's daughter and a year his senior. Lady Zhou was not only educated but multi-talented in music and the arts and the young couple enjoyed a intimate relationship. In 955, a year after Li Congjia's marriage, Southern Tang was invaded by Later Zhou; the resistance war did not end until spring 958, after Li Jing ceded all prefectures north of the Yangtze River to his powerful northern neighbor. Li Jing relinquished all imperial trappings, degrading his own title from emperor to king.
The national humiliation was soon followed by familial tragedy: that year Li Hongji poisoned uncle Li Jingsui to death, followed by his own death a few months allegedly hastened by many encounters with Li Jingsui's vengeful ghost. Not long after Li Hongji's death in 959, Li Congjia was given the post of royal secretary so that he could familiarize himself of governmental affairs. However, despite being the king's eldest surviving son, a few ministers considered him too dissolute and weak for the crown prince position, including Zhong Mo, who pleaded to have Li Congjia's younger brother Li Congshan chosen instead. Li Jing demoted him. Suffering from poor health, Li Jing decided to transfer all responsibilities to his successor, he named Li Congjia the crown prince in spring 961 to take over in the capital Jinling while he retired to the southern city of Hongzhou. A few months he died, Li Congjia succeeded the throne, not without a last-second effort by Li Congshan to challenge him. By Zhong Mo had died, so Li Congshan asked chancellor Xu You to bring Li Jing's last will to him.
Xu confided in Li Congjia of Li Congshan's intentions. Li Congjia — changing his name to Li Yu — did not punish his younger brother other than a slight demotion. A year before Li Yu ascended the throne, Southern Tang's nominal overlord Later Zhou had been replaced by the Song dynasty established by former Later Zhou general Zhao Kuangyin, who had earlier participated in several campaigns against Southern Tang. Knowing the limit of Southern Tang's military strength and trying hard to be subservient to the northern court, Li Yu sent a high official Feng Yanlu with a letter — whose language was of extreme humility — to inform Song of his succession. Things got to a rocky start: during his accession to the throne Li Yu built a golden rooster, a symbol of imperial power, the news of which infuriated Zhao Kuangyin. In the end, the Southern Tang ambassador in the Song capital of Bianliang had to give the explanation that the golden rooster was a "weird bird" to satisfy the Song emperor; such an embarrassing relationship would define Li's entire reign, as tribute payments, both regular and irregular, drained the Southern Tang treasury.
Li was ready to fulfill Emperor Taizu of Song's every demand except go to Bianliang himself. In 963, Li Congshan who accompanied a tributary mission was held hostage in Bianliang and had to write letters on behalf of the Song emperor asking his elder brother join him at the Song court. Li Yu did not heed the request. Li Yu remained close to his musically gifted wife Zhou Ehuang — now Queen Zhou — so close that he sometimes canceled government meetings to enjoy her performances; the absences continued. In around 964, the second of the couple's 2 sons, a 3-year-old still called by his milk name Ruibao, died unexpectedly. Li would mourn his son by himself so as not to sadden his wife more than necessary, but Queen Zhou was devastated and deteriorated in health. During her illness, Li attended her so devotedly; when the queen succumbed to illness, Li mourned so bitterly until "his bones stuck out and he could stand up only with the aid of a staff." In addition to several grieving poems, he chisele
Chen Sanli, aka Boyan, Sanyuan Laoren, was a Chinese poet who wrote in the classical style in the early modern era. He was descended from a Hakka family that had settled in Jiangxi Province, his father was Chen Baozhen. Along with Zheng Xiaoxu and Shen Zengzhi, he became one of the leading figures of the Tongguang school, related to but not identical with the Song poetry style. From 1889 Chen Sanli served as a civil servant, with his father Chen Baozhen, the governor-general of Hunan and an associate of Tan Sitong and Kang Youwei, he led local reform in Hunan, which became a model in the minds of reformists for the entire country. After the Empress Dowager suppressed the Hundred Days Reform of 1898, the Chens were forced to leave the government and go into internal exile near Nanchang, his father died shortly thereafter, which saddened the son. He moved to a villa he built outside Jinling called Sanyuan Jingshe, from which Chen Sanli derived his pen-name. After the 1911 Xinhai Revolution, Chen Sanli declined to serve in government under the Republic, but he was not a Qing yilao in the classic sense.
After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, he is said to have committed suicide by starvation in protest at the Japanese invasion. Chen Yan, the main theorist of the poetics of the Tongguang school, characterized Chen Sanli's poetry as "obscure and profound". Chen Sanli was said to have learned from the Northern Song poet Huang Tingjian, but he did not imitate, he developed this style. Many of Chen's poems reflect the chaos and suffering of the Chinese people during the early 20th century. Chen Shizeng, One of Chen Sanli's sons became a famous painter. Another, the historian Chen Yinke, was an eminent authority on Buddhism and the institutional history of Tang-era China. Kowallis, Jon Eugene von; the Subtle Revolution: Poets of the'Old Schools' during late Qing and early Republican China. Berkeley: University of California, Institute of East Asian Studies, China Research Monographs #60, 2006. ISBN 1-55729-083-0. Lo, Irving Yucheng and Schultz, William. Waiting for the Unicorn: Poems and Lyrics of China's Last Dynasty, 1644-1911.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986, pp. 350–352. ISBN 0-253-36321-7
Lin Huiyin was a noted 20th-century Chinese architect and writer. She is known to be the first female architect in modern China and her husband the famed "Father of Modern Chinese Architecture" Liang Sicheng, both of whom worked as founders and faculty in the newly formed Architecture Department of Northeastern University in 1928 and, after 1949, as professors in Tsinghua University in Beijing. Liang and Lin began restoration work on cultural heritage sites of China in the post-imperial Republican Era of China; the American artist Maya Lin is her niece. Lin was born in Hangzhou though her family was from Fujian, she was the daughter of Lin Changmin and He Xueyuan. In a time when women had limited access to formal education, Lin was able to receive a formal education due to being part of a wealthy family; because of her family's affluence she was able to travel extensively with her father. She obtained her degrees both in the United States. Lin first studied in London, it was there she became acquainted with the well known Chinese poet Xu Zhimo.
Their relationship was a sensational part of Lin Huiyin's life and is referred to in romantic anecdotes. However, Lin's works are regarded. Lin wrote free verse and prose. Lin's poems appeared in publications such as the Beijing Morning Post, Crescent Monthly and the Dipper and the newspaper L'impartiale in Tianjin. In 1924, Lin and Liang Sicheng both enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, where she worked as a part-time assistant in the architectural department. Although they both wanted to attend the School of Architecture, Lin was not admitted because she was a woman, she therefore enrolled in the School of Fine Arts. She enrolled in stage design programs in Yale University as a graduate student, pursuing her longtime interest in drama. During her studies she pursued her passion for architecture by taking architectural classes, it was here that Lin along with Liang Sicheng, her future husband whom she had known since childhood, pursued their love of architecture. In April 1924, the sixty-four-year old Indian poet Tagore visited China, Lin Huiyin and Xu Zhimo worked together to do the interpretation work for Tagore, during which Lin Huiyin distinguished herself with her fluent English and won the admiration of the poet.
In the wake of the September 18th Incident, Lin left for Beijing, where she studied ancient Chinese architecture. Upon her return, she helped to establish the Architectural Department in Northeastern University in Shenyang, where she taught architecture briefly. Meanwhile, in 1928, she designed a railway station in Jilin; this was one of the few buildings Lin designed. Throughout the 1930s, Lin and her husband lived in Beiping, as Beijing was called, near both of their families. Close friends at the time were the Americans Wilma and John K. Fairbank, who admired her sense of living on a “kind of double cultural frontier,” and facing the problem of “the necessity to winnow the past and discriminate among things foreign, what to preserve and what to borrow.” In 1936, in order to develop measurement records of the Chinese ancient architecture, Lin Huiyin and her husband climbed the roof of the Temple of Heaven. In 1937, she discovered the main hall of Foguang Temple near Shanxi; the hall was the only remaining Tang dynasty timber structure known at the time.
As Japan's invasion loomed, Lin Huiyin and her husband had to cut-short their promising restoration work of Beijing's cultural heritage sites in 1937 and abandoned their now famous courtyard residence in Beijing to flee southward along with personnel and materials of the Architectural Department of Northeastern University. It was in Lizhuang where the bedridden Lin Huiyin, suffering from tuberculosis, was told of her younger brother's martyrdom while serving as a combat aviator in the air force in defense of Chengdu. Lin wrote a poetic memorial commemorating her brother: Brother, I do not have words appropriate for this era to mourn over your death; this era made a simple request of you and you responded. Your absolute and simple heroism is a poem of this era. I want to add more sorrow to the unavoidable reality by screaming - you understand why - that you have gone too soon. Brother, your bravery is great. Your death is too cruel. After 1949, Lin Huiyin became professor of architecture at Tsinghua University.
Lin was involved in the design of the Chinese national flag, the National Emblem of the People's Republic of China and the Monument to the People's Heroes located in the Tiananmen Square. Lin designed the floral wreath patterns at the base of the Monument to the People's Heroes. Lin took part in the standardization of Beijing city planning, she died in 1955 of tuberculosis. Lin Huiyin wrote poems, short stories and plays. Many of her works were praised for their subtlety and creativity; some of her more well known works are: Smile, Ninety-nine Degrees, Don't Let Our Land be Lost Again! and Meizhen and Them. Lin along with her husband wrote. During this pursuit, Lin along with her husband went to thousands of ancient Chinese architectural sites, she preserve China's architectural history. They lobbied hard to protect many of the old buildings in Beijing