The Dodge Monaco is a full-size car, built and sold by Dodge in three generations from 1965 to 1976, as a mid-size model in 1977 and 1978, again as a full-size, front-wheel drive version of the Eagle Premier from 1990 to 1992. On introduction on September 25, 1964, for the 1965 model year, the Dodge Monaco was intended to compete with the Pontiac Grand Prix in what came to be known as the personal luxury market, but ended up filling in for Dodge in the full-size, luxury line instead; the 1965 Monaco was based on the Custom 880 two-door hardtop body. The Monaco received special badging, different taillight and grille treatment, a sportier interior with a full-length center console, as well as a 383 cu in 325 hp V8 engine as standard equipment. Larger, more powerful engines were available as options; the Monaco competed with the Ford LTD, a top-of-the-line model in the Galaxie 500 series, the Caprice package for the Impala Sport Sedan, as well as the 1966 Plymouth VIP model for its Fury series and the Ambassador DPL offered by American Motors.
These models provided competition for mid-priced sedans like Chrysler, Oldsmobile and Mercury. In Canada, a version of the Plymouth Sport Fury was marketed as the Dodge Monaco, it was available in hardtop coupe or convertible body styles. The Canadian Monacos were equipped with Plymouth dashboards in 1965 and 1966. Unlike the U. S. Monaco versions, the Canadian Monaco were available with a 318 cu in V8 or the slant six. For 1966, in the U. S. the Monaco replaced the Custom 880 series and the former Monaco became the Monaco 500. The basic Monaco was available in hardtop coupe, four-door hardtop sedan, conventional four-door sedan, four-door station wagon bodystyles. In the U. S. the Monaco 500 was available only as a hardtop coupe. Although there was no convertible in the 1966 U. S. Monaco range, there was in the 1966 Canadian Monaco lineup; the Canadian Dodge hung onto the "Monaco" name for the Sport Fury equivalent and Polara 880 for the Fury III competitor. For 1967, all full-sized Dodges, the Monaco included, received a significant facelift with all-new exterior sheet metal.
Chief designer Elwood Engel's work featured flat body planes with sharp-edged accent lines. The hardtop coupes got a new semi-fastback roofline with a reverse-slanted trailing edge on the rear quarter window. In Canada, the Monaco name was applied for 1967 to all of the premium full-sized Dodge cars, replacing the Polara 880 at the top of the Dodge line. Taking the Monaco's place as a premium full-size model was the Monaco 500, available only as a two-door hardtop and convertible. Changes were minimal for 1968; the Monaco 500 was dropped at the end of the 1968 model year in the United States and at the end of the 1970 model year in Canada. For the 1969 model year, the wheelbase of the Monaco was increased from 121 inches to 122 inches, the length was increased to about 220 inches. Returning for 1969 was the "500" option, which in the U. S. market gave the Monaco front a center armrest. In Canada, the Monaco 500 was a separate series that used the side trim of the Polara 500 sold in the U. S. Canadians could buy a Monaco convertible.
S. Dodge full-size convertible shoppers had Polara 500 to choose from. All full-sized Dodge cars including the Monaco adopted Chrysler Corporation's new "fuselage" styling, in which the upper and lower body are melded into a uniformly curved unit. Curved side glass adds to the effect; the look starts in the front of the car, with a nearly straight-across bumper—demanded by a Chrysler executive after a Congressional committee attacked him over the seeming inability of car bumpers to protect cars from extensive damage in low-speed collisions—and a five-segment eggcrate grille that surrounds the headlamps. When the cars failed to spark buyers' interest, Dodge executives demanded a change. By the summer of 1969, the division released new chrome trim for the front fender caps and leading edge of the hood as an option, which gives the appearance of a then-fashionable loop bumper without the tooling expense. At the rear, Dodge's signature delta-shaped taillamps were presented in a new form that required the top of the bumper to slope downward toward each end.
The standard-equipment engine on the 1969 Monaco is Chrysler's 245-horsepower B-block 383 cu in V8 engine with a two-barrel 2245 Holley carburetor. Buyers could order the 383 with a four-barrel carburetor that increased power to 360 hp, or they could opt for the 375-horsepower 440 cu in Magnum RB-block engine. Wagon buyers choosing the 440 got a 330 horsepower version; the 1969 Monaco offered, as the first modern polyellipsoidal automotive road lamp. Called "Super-Lite" and mounted in the driver's side of the grille, this auxiliary headlamp was produced in a joint venture between Chrysler Corporation and Sylvania, it uses an 85 watt halogen bulb and was intended as a mid-beam, to extend the reach of the low beams during turnpike travel when low beams alone were inadequate but high beams would produce excessive glare to oncoming drivers. Available models for 1969 included a two-door hardtop coupe, four-door hardtop sedan, four-door pillared sedan, four-door station wagons with six- or nine-passenger capacity.
A new Brougham option package included a vinyl roof on sedans and hardtops and a split-bench front seat with a reclining mechanism on the passenger side. Monaco wagons received woodgrained vinyl trim across the dual-action tailgate. Sales of the Polara and Monaco were down by nearly 20,000 cars compared with 1968, with the Monaco
Sport utility vehicle
Sport-utility, SUV or sport-ute is an automotive classification a kind of station wagon / estate car with off-road vehicle features like raised ground clearance and ruggedness, available four-wheel drive. Many SUVs are built on a light-truck chassis but operated as a family vehicle, though designed to be used on rougher surfaces, most used on city streets or highways. In recent years, in some countries the term SUV has replaced terms like "Jeep" or "Land-Rover" in the popular lexicon as a generic description for light 4WD vehicles. Many SUVs have an upright built body and tall interior packaging, a high seating position and center of gravity, available all-wheel drive for off-road capability; some SUVs include the towing capacity of a pickup truck and the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or large sedan. The traditional truck-based SUV is more and more being supplanted by unitary body SUVs and crossovers based on regular automobile platforms for lighter weight and better fuel efficiency.
In some countries, notably the United States, SUVs are not classified as cars, but as light trucks. SUVs overtook lower medium segment cars to become the world's largest automotive segment in 2015, accounting for 22.9 percent of global light vehicle sales, or 36.8% of the world's passenger car market. Worldwide sales of SUVs grew from 5 million units in 2000 to 20 million in 2015 and are forecast to hit 42 million units by 2031. Becoming popular in the 1990s and early 2000s, SUVs combined with other light trucks, like pickups and minivans, supplanted many conventional large passenger cars and station wagons, changed the composition of America's vehicle fleet. SUV sales temporarily declined due to high oil prices and a declining economy, but by 2010, SUV sales around the world were growing again, in spite of gasoline prices; the market has overwhelmingly come to prefer 4/5-door models in favor of popular 2-door off-roaders. There is no universally accepted definition of the sport utility vehicle.
Dictionaries, automotive experts, journalists use varying wordings and defining characteristics, in addition to which there are regional variations of the use by both the media and the general public. The auto industry has not settled on one definition of the SUV either; the actual term "Sport Utility Vehicle" did not come into wide popular usage until the late 1980s — prior to such vehicles were marketed during their era as 4-wheel drives, station wagons, or other monikers. The American Merriam-Webster online dictionary offers three different definitions; the general definition of a "sport-utility vehicle", found under "SUV" reads: "a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis", it is defined in the definition of sport-utility vehicle for students as: "an automobile similar to a station wagon but built on a light truck frame". However, the Merriam-Webster definition "for English Language Learners" reads: "a large vehicle, designed to be used on rough surfaces but, used on city roads or highways".
The Webster's New World Dictionary defines sport utility vehicle as "a passenger vehicle similar to a station wagon but with the chassis of a small truck and four-wheel drive". In recent years, the term SUV has come to replace the use of "jeep" as a generic trademark and description of these type of vehicles, a name that originated during World War II as slang for the light general purpose military truck. A Hemmings article defines the sport utility vehicle as bridging the gap between cars and trucks, "combining car-like appointments and wagon practicality with steadfast off-road capability". S. it only applies to the newer street oriented one, whereas "Jeep", "Land Rover" or 4x4 are used for the off-roader oriented ones. The German automaker BMW utilizes the term SAV to denote "Sport Activity Vehicles." Not all SUVs have four-wheel drive capabilities, not all four-wheel-drive passenger vehicles are SUVs. Although some SUVs have off-road capabilities, they play only a secondary role, SUVs do not have the ability to switch among two-wheel and four-wheel-drive high gearing and four-wheel-drive low gearing.
While automakers tout an SUV's off-road prowess with advertising and naming, the daily use of SUVs is on paved roads. In British English the terms "four-by-four" or "off-road vehicle" are preferred, for example the Chambers Dictionary has no entry for sport utility vehicle; the Collins English online dictionary defines sport utility vehicle as a "powerful vehicle with four-wheel drive that can be driven over rough ground" or "a high-powered car with four-wheel drive designed for off-road use", but the citations quoted by Collins are few. Other alternative terms are "four-wheel drive", or using the brand name to describe the vehicle. In the United States, many government regulations have categories for "off-highway vehicles" which are loosely defined and result in SUVs being classified as light trucks. For example, Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations included "permit greater cargo-carrying capacity than passenger carrying volume" in the definition for trucks, resulting in SUVs being classified as light trucks.
This classification as trucks allowed SUVs to be regulated
A car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of car say they run on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires, transport people rather than goods. Cars came into global use during the 20th century, developed economies depend on them; the year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car when German inventor Karl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, passenger comfort, safety, controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex; these include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, in-car entertainment.
Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueled by the combustion of fossil fuels. Electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are benefits to car use; the costs include acquiring the vehicle, interest payments and maintenance, depreciation, driving time, parking fees and insurance. The costs to society include maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life. Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide; the benefits include on-demand transportation, mobility and convenience. The societal benefits include economic benefits, such as job and wealth creation from the automotive industry, transportation provision, societal well-being from leisure and travel opportunities, revenue generation from the taxes. People's ability to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies.
There are around 1 billion cars in use worldwide. The numbers are increasing especially in China and other newly industrialized countries; the word car is believed to originate from the Latin word carrus or carrum, or the Middle English word carre. In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros, it referred to any wheeled horse-drawn vehicle, such as a cart, carriage, or wagon. "Motor car" is attested from 1895, is the usual formal name for cars in British English. "Autocar" is a variant, attested from 1895, but, now considered archaic. It means "self-propelled car"; the term "horseless carriage" was used by some to refer to the first cars at the time that they were being built, is attested from 1895. The word "automobile" is a classical compound derived from the Ancient Greek word autós, meaning "self", the Latin word mobilis, meaning "movable", it entered the English language from French, was first adopted by the Automobile Club of Great Britain in 1897. Over time, the word "automobile" fell out of favour in Britain, was replaced by "motor car".
"Automobile" remains chiefly North American as a formal or commercial term. An abbreviated form, "auto", was a common way to refer to cars in English, but is now considered old-fashioned; the word is still common as an adjective in American English in compound formations like "auto industry" and "auto mechanic". In Dutch and German, two languages related to English, the abbreviated form "auto" / "Auto", as well as the formal full version "automobiel" / "Automobil" are still used — in either the short form is the most regular word for "car"; the first working steam-powered vehicle was designed — and quite built — by Ferdinand Verbiest, a Flemish member of a Jesuit mission in China around 1672. It was a 65-cm-long scale-model toy for the Chinese Emperor, unable to carry a driver or a passenger, it is not known with certainty if Verbiest's model was built or run. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot is credited with building the first full-scale, self-propelled mechanical vehicle or car in about 1769, he constructed two steam tractors for the French Army, one of, preserved in the French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts.
His inventions were, handicapped by problems with water supply and maintaining steam pressure. In 1801, Richard Trevithick built and demonstrated his Puffing Devil road locomotive, believed by many to be the first demonstration of a steam-powered road vehicle, it was unable to maintain sufficient steam pressure for long periods and was of little practical use. The development of external combustion engines is detailed as part of the history of the car but treated separately from the development of true cars. A variety of steam-powered road vehicles were used during the first part of the 19th century, including steam cars, steam buses and steam rollers. Sentiment against them led to the Locomotive Acts of 1865. In 1807, Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude created what was the world's first internal combustion engine, but they chose to install it in a boat on the river Saone in France. Coincidentally, in 1807 the Swiss inventor François Isaac de Rivaz designed his own'de Rivaz internal combustion engine' and used it to develop the world's first vehicle to be powered by such an engine.
Dodge Super Bee
The Dodge Super Bee is a muscle car marketed by Dodge, produced for the 1968 through 1971 model years. The Super Bee model name was resurrected for the 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013 Dodge Charger Super Bee models; the original Dodge Super Bee was based on the Dodge Coronet two-door coupe, was produced from 1968 until 1970. It was a rebadged version of the Plymouth Road Runner; the origin of the name, "Super Bee", has its basis in the "B" Body designation pertinent to Chrysler's mid-sized cars, including the Road Runner and Charger. Plymouth's Road Runner sales were enough to have Dodge Division General Manager, Robert McCurry, request a similar model from the Dodge Styling office. Senior designer, Harvey J. Winn, won a "contest" with the name "Super Bee" and a new logo design based on the Dodge "Scat Pack" Bee medallion; the design of the first Super Bee was influenced by the 1968 Coronet convertible and the show car's interior was built by the Alexander Brothers. The show car was introduced at the 1968 Detroit Auto Show.
Although the two cars are similar in external appearance, the Super Bee was heavier and rode on a 117-inch wheelbase compared to the Road Runner's 116 in wheelbase. In addition to minor external differences, such as larger rear wheel openings, the bumblebee tailstripe and fancier grille, the taillight ornamentation, the Super Bee used actual diecast chrome-plated "Bee" medallions; these three-dimensional medallions were prominently mounted in a raised position in the grille/hood area and the trunklid/taillight area of the car throughout the first three years of production. The Super Bee used dash cluster from the Dodge Charger, while the 4-speed manual transmission cars received a Hurst Competition-Plus shifter with Hurst linkage. Due to the higher-quality accessories attached to the Super Bee, the car was sold at a higher price in comparison to the Plymouth version and this had a negative effect on sales; the Super Bee was available with the Hemi engine. This option raised the price by 33%, only 125 were sold.
The 1968 model was only sold as a two-door coupe, with two engine options, the base 335 hp 383 Magnum, the 426 Hemi, rated at 425 hp. The Super Bee included a heavy-duty suspension, an optional Mopar A833 4-speed manual transmission, high-performance tires. Outside, a stripe was wrapped around the tail. A hardtop version joined the existing pillared coupe body in 1969 and a new optional twin-scooped air induction hood, the "Ramcharger", became available; this particular option was coded N-96 and was the counterpart to the Plymouth Road Runner's "Coyote Duster" air induction hood. The "Ramcharger" hood featured. A "six-pack" version of Dodge's 440 cu in engine was added to the offering list mid-year rated at 390 bhp @ 4700 rpm and 490 lb⋅ft @ 3600 rpm of torque; the option code for this was A12, which changed the 5th digit of the VIN to M. These special order 1969 1/2 Dodge Super Bees are known as A12 M-code cars; the A12 package equipped the cars with a Dana 60 axle with a 4:10 gear-ratio, heavy duty automatic transmission or a 4-speed manual, a'lift off' flat black scooped hood.
Other components to the A12 package included heavy duty internal engine parts, black steel rims with high performance G-70 15" tires, heavy duty 11" drum brakes. Only 1,907 A12 M-code 440 Six Pack 1969 1/2 Dodge Super Bees were produced; this option fell half-way between the Hemi as a USD463 option. The 1969 model year included the base 383 Magnum, 440 Six Pack, the 426 Hemi; the 440 Magnum was reserved for the Coronet R/T. For the 1970 model, the Super Bee received a redesign and a new front-end that consisted of a twin-looped front bumper that Dodge Public Relations referred to as "bumble bee wings". Sales fell for the year from 15,506 in 1970 to 5,054 in 1971—because of, or in spite of, this new look, with another sales pressure coming from higher insurance rates for performance cars. In addition to the new looks, engine choices and "ramcharger" hood carried over from 1969, the 1970 cars from Dodge featured several new or improved options. For example, a "C- stripe" variant of the bumble stripe was offered, in addition to new high-back bucket seats, a steering column-mounted ignition and a "pistol grip" Hurst shifter on four-speed models.
Engines: Production: 1968: 7,842–7,717, 125 1969: 27,800–25,727, 1,907, 166 1970: 15,506 The 1971 Coronet line were built in four-door sedan and station wagon body versions, the Super Bee model was moved to the platform used by the Charger. Since an R/T muscle car version of the Charger existed, the Super Bee was promoted as the low-priced model in the line, selling at USD$3,271. Production numbers of the Super Bee reached 5,054, including 22 with the Hemi engine; the moniker was discontinued until the 2007 Super Bee, a Charger SRT-8. 1971 was the only year that a small block engine became available in the Super Bee. Engines: 1971: 340 in³ Small-Block V8, 275 hp 1971: 383 in³ Big-Block V8, 300 hp 1971: 440 in³ Big-Block V8, 370 hp 1971: 440 in³ Big-Block V8, 385 hp 1971: 426 in³ Hemi V8, 425 hp 1972: 400 in³ Big-Block V8, 320 HP In 1970, Chrysler of Mexico introduced the new Dodge Super Bee as a replacement for the company's previous sports car product, the Plymouth
The Dodge Dart is an automobile built by Dodge from 1900 to 2013 in North America, with production extended to years in various other markets. The Dart nameplate was resurrected for a Fiat-derived compact car introduced in 2019; the Dart name appeared on a 1962 show car featuring a body designed by the Italian coachbuilder Carrozzeria Ghia. The production Dart was introduced as a lower-priced, shorter wheelbase, full-size Dodge in 1960 and 1961, became a mid-size car for 1963, was a compact from 1963 to 1976; the first Dodge Darts were introduced for the 1960 model year. They were downsized large cars developed to replace the Plymouth in the standard, low-priced car segment for the Dodge dealer network. Dodge dealers had been selling Plymouths since 1930, but divisional restructuring took the Plymouth brand away from the Dodge dealer network. Project planners proposed the name Dart, only to have Chrysler executives demand an expensive research program which produced the name Zipp; this was promptly rejected in favor of Dart.
With the cancellation of Chrysler's upper level DeSoto brand, upper level Dodge products were pushed upmarket, while using Plymouth products with more features for lower-level Dodge products. The Dart sedans and coupes were based on the unibody Plymouth platform with a 118 in wheelbase, shorter than the standard-size Dodge line. However, the Dart station wagons used the same 122 in wheelbase as the upmarket Polara wagons; the Dart line was offered in three trim levels: the basic Seneca, mid-range Pioneer, premium Phoenix. The new Dart came standard with the 225 cu in slant-six; the 318 cu in and 361 cu in V8s were optional with two-barrel or four-barrel carburetors, with single or dual exhaust. The Dodge 383 cu in V8 was added in 1961. Brakes were 11-inch drums. Sales of the new Dart were greater than those of the full-size Dodge Matador and Dodge Polara, which created an in-house competitor for Plymouth. Advertising from 1960 and 1961 compared the Dart to the "F" car and the "P" car. After the economic downturn of 1958-59, Dodge production for 1960 rebounded to a 367,804 cars, the division's highest total to date and good for sixth place behind Chevrolet, Plymouth and Pontiac.
Chrysler officials were somewhat less comforted at how 87% of Dodge's volume consisted of the low-profit Dart line, compared to the upmarket Matador and Polara, of which only 41,000 were sold for the 1960 model year. As the Dart's sales climbed, Plymouth's sales dropped. Chrysler executives did little to stop the infighting between the divisions. Dart sales were so strong in 1960; the full-size, mid-priced Matador was discontinued after the 1960 model year as buyers selected the smaller but better-appointed and less expensive Dart Phoenix. The premium Polara remained in the medium-price segment in 1961. For the 1961 model year, the Dart continued as the smallest full-size Dodge, it retained the 118 in wheelbase, was restyled to emulate the larger Polara. The same three trim levels were available: the premium Phoenix, mid-range Pioneer, base Seneca. Once again, wagons shared the Polara's 122 in/310 cm wheelbase. Engine choices included the 225 cu in slant-six, the 318 cu in and 361 cu in V8s were available in various configurations.
Phoenix convertibles were equipped with V8 engines. Beginning mid-year, some Darts ordered with the 225 engine were equipped with the die-cast aluminum block. Darts in all series were equipped as standard with column-shifted manual transmissions. Chrysler's pushbutton-shifted TorqueFlite automatic was available at extra cost; the alternator, introduced as standard equipment in 1960 on the Valiant, replaced the previous DC generator on all 1961 Chrysler products. Canadian-built 1961 Darts were identical to U. S. models on the outside, but the interior trim and displays were those used on the U. S. Plymouth. Virgil Exner's 1961 styling with its reverse fins, rear fender scalloping and concave grille was unpopular with consumers; the low position and small size of the Dart's tail lights just above the corners of the bumper, was criticized and drivers of following cars complained that they could not see them. The wraparound taillights projected light sideward, not rearward. By mid-year, Dodge made auxiliary taillights available at extra cost through its dealer network.
However, these large round lights were mounted near the inboard side of the reverse fins, aggravated the awkward styling. The 1961 automobile market was an off-year for automobile sales, Dodge production went down to 269,367 units, of which 142,708 were Darts. Among all the Darts sold half were the Seneca line, down from 111,600 in 1960. Combined sales of Dart and Polara were lower than Plymouth's sales for 1961. Dodge ranked ninth in sales in the American market in 1961, down from sixth place in 1960. Sales of the compact Dodge Lancer were 74,773 units compared to its Plymouth twin, the Valiant, which sold 143,078 units for the same year; the 1961 model year saw Dodge's total production drop below the slow selling 1959 model year and the disastrous recession year of 1958 when Dodge faced the consequences of the poor reputation of its 1957 models. For 1962 the Seneca and Phoenix trim levels were dropped; the Polara 500, offered in 2-door hardtop, 4-door hardtop, convertible styles
The Dodge Custom is a full-size car, produced by Dodge in the United States from 1946 to early 1949. The D24 was introduced as the top trim level in the Dodge range, it differed from the basic Deluxe model only in terms of interior trim, dual electric windshield wipers and chrome exterior beading around the windows. The Custom was offered in 4-door 6 passenger Sedan, 4-door 6 passenger Town Sedan, 4-door 7 passenger Sedan, 2-door Club Coupe and 2-door Convertible models; the 7 Passenger model rode on all other models on 119.5 inches. All models were powered by a 230 cid inline six cylinder engine. A three-speed manual transmission was standard whilst a "Fluid Drive" option provided "no metal-to metal contact between the power source and drive". Changes for the 1947 and 1948 model years were minimal. From 1 December 1949 all units were considered 1949 models for registration purposes; the actual 1949 Dodge range was introduced in April 1949, with the Coronet name now used for the top trim level.
Dodge D24 shared consumers with Pontiac Silverstreak, Oldsmobile Series 66, Studebaker Champion, Hudson Commodore and Nash Ambassador
The Plymouth/Dodge/Chrysler Neon is a front-engine, front-wheel drive compact car introduced in January 1994 for model year 1995 by Chrysler's Dodge and Plymouth divisions in two- and four-door bodystyles over two generations. Marketed in Europe, Canada, Egypt and South America as a Chrysler, the Neon was offered in multiple versions and configurations over its production life, which ended with model year 2005; the Neon nameplate was subsequently resurrected in 2016 for the Dodge Neon, a rebadged variant of Fiat Tipo sedan for the Mexican market. The Neon nameplate first appeared as a concept car in 1991 under the Dodge brand. Although radically styled and not production-ready, the Neon concept somewhat resembled the production vehicle and featured sliding suicide doors; the Neon concept was designed by Chrysler designers who had joined the company from Chrysler's buyout of American Motors in 1987. The first generation Neon was introduced in January 1994 and manufactured until August 1999, it was available as a two-door notchback coupe.
Available engines were SOHC and DOHC versions of Chrysler's 2.0 L 4-cylinder engine producing 132 hp at 6,000 rpm and 129 lb⋅ft at 5,000 rpm or 150 hp at 6,500 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft at 5,600 rpm, respectively. The car was sold as both a Dodge and a Plymouth in the United States and Canada. At the Neon's release president of Chrysler Corporation Bob Lutz said, "There's an old saying in Detroit:'Good, fast, or cheap. Pick any two.' We refuse to accept that." The Japanese press touted the Neon as the "Japanese car killer", due to a spiralling Yen and the lower production cost of the Neon. The Neon became the first Chrysler small car sold in Japan but despite of focused attention, only 994 were sold in Japan between June to December 1996; the Neon received praise for its appearance and power when compared to competing cars such as the Honda Civic DX at 102 hp, the Civic EX at 127 hp, the Nissan Sentra at 115 hp, the Ford Escort ZX2 at 130 hp, the Toyota Corolla at 115 hp, the Saturn S-Series at 100 hp for SOHC variants and 124 hp for DOHC variants, the Chevrolet Cavalier Base and LS models at 120 hp, among others.
Car and Driver tested the DOHC 5-speed equipped Neon R/T and reported that it could run 0-60 in 7.6 seconds and 15.9 seconds in the quarter mile. First-generation Neons were competitive in showroom-stock road racing. Neons had unconventional option availability, including the lack of power windows in the rear doors. Certain color base-model Neons, including red and black, had bumper covers molded in color rather than painted; these covers, while textured and not as glossy as paint, absorbed scuffs and scrapes with less visible damage. The mid-level Highline models in 95 & 96 used wheel covers with a bubble design. Neons were available in many bold colors including Nitro yellow-green, Lapis Blue and Magenta, however paint color choices became more subdued by the 1998-1999 model years, as the majority of buyers opted for more traditional colors; the Australian market Chrysler Neon came in two models, the SE and the better-equipped LX. The LX model was replaced by the LE with the updated model in 1999.
In Japan, only the sedan was offered. It was similar to those sold in the Australian market, it was equipped with amber turn signal indicators next to the tail lights to comply with Japanese regulations, a side indicator behind the front wheel installed in the fender. In the United States, the lineup started out as Base and Sport, with different styles and options in each line, but the lineup titles changed frequently. In Europe, the car was available with a 1.8 L engine. Europe received the CS, which came only in Platinum paint, it was fitted with the 131 bhp SOHC engine, American R/T specification suspension, rear spoiler, unique alloy wheels, standard leather interior, dual stainless steel exhaust, 6CD changer and a shorter 5-speed manual gearbox. Plymouth Neon: 1994–1999 base - 1994-1995 - Standard features included thirteen-inch steel wheels with wheel covers, AM/FM stereo with 4 speakers, dual front SRS airbags, 2.0L Inline Four-Cylinder engine, five-speed manual transmission. Highline - 1994–1999- Added to Base air conditioning, side molding, daytime lights, remote trunk release, painted bumper.
Sport - 1994–1996- Added to Highline color-keyed wheel covers, AM/FM stereo with cassette player with equalizer and CD changer controls and 6 speakers. Expresso - 1995–1999- Added to Highline power front windows an AM/FM stereo with cassette player. EX - 1997–1999 ACR - 1994–1999- Stood for American Club Racer, added alloy wheels to Base. Style - 1997–1999Dodge Neon: 1994–1999 base - 1994-1995- Standard features included thirteen-inch steel wheels with wheel covers, AM/FM stereo with 4 speakers, dual front SRS airbags, 2.0L Inline Four-Cylinder engine, five-speed manual transmission. Highline - 1994–1999- Added to Base air conditioning. Sport - 1994–1999- Added to Highline color-keyed wheel covers, AM/FM stereo with cassette player with equalizer and CD changer controls and 6 speakers. EX- 1997–1999 ACR - 1994–1999- Stood for American Club Racer, added alloy wheels to Base. R/T - 1997–1999- Added to Highline white hood and trunk "Rally" stripes, white-painted alloy wheels, AM/FM stereo with cassette player with e