In baseball statistics, a putout is given to a defensive player who records an out by tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base, catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner, catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play, catching a third strike, catching a batted ball on the fly, or being positioned closest to a runner called out for interference. First base, or 1B, is the first of four stations on a baseball diamond which must be touched in succession by a baserunner in order to score a run for that player's team. A first baseman is the player on the team playing defense who fields the area nearest first base, is responsible for the majority of plays made at that base. Jake Beckley is the all-time leader in career putouts as a first baseman with 23,731. Cap Anson, Ed Konetchy, Eddie Murray, Charlie Grimm are the only other players to record 20,000 career putouts. Stats updated as of the 2019 season. Baseball-Reference.com
Land Arts of the American West is a studio-based field program that seeks to construct an expanded definition of land art through direct experience connecting the full range of human interventions in the landscape—from pre-contact indigenous to contemporary practice. Land art includes everything from constructing a road, to taking a walk, building a monument, leaving a mark in the sand; the program seeks to expand upon connections between separate fields. Each fall we spend two months camping while traveling 7,000 miles to engage sites that range from the CLUI complex at Wendover, Utah to the pottery culture at Mata Ortiz, from earth works like Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty to archeological sites like Chaco Canyon. We learn from the fact that Donald Judd surrounded himself with both contemporary sculpture and Navajo rugs. We spend the semester living and working in the landscape with guest scholars that expand the range of our definition in disciplines including archeology, art history, ceramics, writing and studio art.
The immersive nature of how we experience the landscape triggers an amalgamated body of inquiry where students have the opportunity of time and space to develop authority in their work through direct action and reflection. Land Arts hinges on the primacy of first person experience and the realization that human-land relationships are singular. Land Arts of the American West started at the University of New Mexico by artist Bill Gilbert in 2000 and developed as a collaboration between Gilbert and architect Chris Taylor since 2001. From 2002-2008 Land Arts was co-sponsored by the University of New Mexico and the University of Texas at Austin where Taylor taught in the interdisciplinary design program of the Department of Art and Art History. In 2007 Taylor was invited by Incubo to bring together a group of students and professionals from Chile and the United States for a symposium in Santiago and a Land Arts exploration of the Atacama Desert. In 2008 Taylor began teaching in the College of Architecture at Texas Tech University where Land Arts continues to develop in addition to the programming at the University of New Mexico.
The program now operates autonomously from both institutions. Operational funding for Land Arts of the American West is provided in part by Lannan Foundation and Andrea Nasher; the book Land Arts of the American West documents the history and development of the program was published by the University of Texas Press in April 2009. Bill Gilbert, Department of Art and Art History, University of New Mexico Chris Taylor, College of Architecture, Texas Tech University Arizona: Chiricahua Mountains, Coolidge Dam, Fire Point, Point Sublime, Grand Canyon, Roden Crater. New Mexico: Anaya Springs, Chaco Canyon, Bisti Badlands, Bosque del Apache, Cebolla Canyon, El Vado Lake, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Jackpile Mine at Laguna Pueblo, Mimbres River, Otero Mesa, Plains of San Agustin, Sawtooth Mountains, The Lightning Field, Turkey Creek, Three Rivers, Twin Buttes, Mount Withington, Very Large Array, Wild Rivers. Nevada: Double Negative, Goshute Canyon Wilderness, Hoover Dam, Lake Mead, Las Vegas Piece, Montello.
Mexico: Mata Ortiz. Texas: Boquillas Canyon, El Cosmico, Huaco Tanks, Land Heritage Institute, Marfa - Chinati Foundation and Judd Foundation, Presidio - Adobe Alliance. Utah: Blue Notch at Lake Powell, CLUI Wendover, Goblin Valley, Horse Tanks, Horseshoe Canyon, Intrepid Potash, Moon House, Muley Point, Spiral Jetty, Sun Tunnels. Past field guests include Nick Abdalla, Tori Arpad, Joe Arredondo - director of Landmark Arts at Texas Tech, Steve Badgett, Charles Bowden, Penelope Boyer, Jerry Brody, Chris Calott, Matt Coolidge, Rick Dingus, Intrepid Potash Russ Draper, Sam Douglas. Boyd Elder, Clifton Ellis, Urs Peter Flueckiger, Curtis Francisco, William L. Fox, Hector Gallegos, Mary Lewis Garcia, Joel Glanzberg, David Gregor, Amy Hauft, Joan Jonas, Erik Knutzen, Eve Andree Laramee, Lucy Lippard, Barry Lopez, Graciella Martinez, Susannah Mira, Onézieme Mouton, John Poch, Rob Ray, Lea Rekow, Ann Reynolds, Jack Risley, Lori Ryker, Jack Sanders, Michael Scialdone, Kathleen Shields, Susan Spring, John Stokes, Marianne Stockebrand, Deborah Stratman, Simone Swan, Mary Tsiongas, Henry Walt, Blaine Young, Joe Zuni.
Kennedy, Randy. “The American West as Classroom and Metaphor” New York Times p. C1 and C9. Https://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/04/arts/design/land-arts-of-the-american-west-a-texas-tech-program.html Lippard, William L. Fox, Bill Gilbert, Kathleen Shields. Land/Art: New Mexico. Santa Fe: Radius Books. ISBN 978-1-934435-17-5 Taylor and Bill Gilbert. Land Arts of the American West. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71672-8 Taylor, Rodrigo Perez de Arce, Pilar Cereceda, William L. Fox, Gonzalo Pedraza, Andres Rivera, Flora Vilches. Incubo: Atacama Lab. Santiago, Chile: INCUBO. ISBN 9789563196115 Gilbert and Chris Taylor. Land Arts of the American West. Austin and Albuquerque: University of Texas at Austin and University of New Mexico. ISBN 978-0-9745846-0-7 Official website UNM Land Arts of the American West program Texas Tech Land Arts of the American West Website