Farm to Market Road 1200 (FM 1200) is located entirely in Cooke County.
FM 1200 begins at an intersection with FM 1201 in western Gainesville near Gainesville Municipal Airport; the highway travels northwest through rural farm areas with several playa lakes. State maintenance ends south of South Fish Creek with the road continuing as County Road 460 towards Marysville.
FM 1200 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from US 82 west of Gainesville northwestward at a distance of 5.0 miles (8.0 km). The section of highway between US 82 and FM 1201 was transferred to the latter highway on February 6, 1953. FM 1200 was extended 3.4 miles (5.5 km) northwestward on July 11, 1968.
Farm to Market Road 1201 (FM 1201) is located entirely in Cooke County.
FM 1201 begins at an intersection with US 82 in western Gainesville; the highway travels in a north-northwest direction near the eastern border of Gainesville Municipal Airport and intersects FM 1200 before leaving the city limits. After leaving Gainesville, FM 1201 travels through rural farm areas until reaching the Moss Lake area. In the Moss Lake area, the highway sees more development along its route and passes near a few rural subdivisions. After leaving the Moss Lake area, FM 1201 runs closely to the Red River and travels through Sivells Bend; the highway ends just north of Sivells Bend, with state maintenance ending south of County Road 406; the roadway continues north as County Road 403.
FM 1201 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from FM 1200 northward at a distance of 4 miles (6.4 km). On February 6, 1953, the highway was extended to US 82 (absorbing the southernmost 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of FM 1200) and was extended 6.7 miles (10.8 km) northwest; FM 1201 was extended to Sivells Bend later that year on October 28. A spur route was designated on March 2, 1967 along the highway's old location near Moss Lake.
Farm to Market Road 1202 (FM 1202) is located entirely in Cooke County.
FM 1202 begins at an intersection with FM 1201; the highway travels in a northeast direction then turns southeast at Lake Lane before turning east at County Road 444. FM 1202 enters Gainesville before ending at I-35 near an outlet center.
FM 1202 was designated on July 14, 1949 along the current route.
Farm to Market Road 1203 (FM 1203) is located entirely in Live Oak County.
FM 1203 begins at an intersection with the northbound frontage road of I-37 south of Oakville; the highway travels in a northeastern direction, turns east, then turns southeast near a county road. FM 1203 continues to run in a southeastern direction before ending at an intersection with FM 799.
The current FM 1203 was designated on October 31, 1958, running from SH 9 (now I-37) near Oakville, eastward and southeastward to FM 799.
FM 1203 was originally designated on July 14, 1949, running from US 82 east of Gainesville to Callisburg at a distance of 4.0 miles (6.4 km). The highway was extended to 1.0 mile (1.6 km) south of Sturgeon on February 6, 1953, absorbing FM 1629, while the old route became a spur of FM 1203. FM 1203 was cancelled and combined with FM 678 on October 18, 1954.
Farm to Market Road 1204 (FM 1204) is located entirely in Wise County.
FM 1204 begins at the intersection of County Roads 2646 and 2745; the highway travels in a southeastern direction and turns to the southwest at Greenwood then turns back southeast at Greenwood Road. FM 1204 continues to run southeast before ending at an intersection with FM 51 northeast of Decatur.
The current FM 1204 was designated on June 25, 1952 along the current route; the highway follows a former routing of FM 455. A portion was FM 1657.
The original FM 1204 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from SH 6 at Woodson eastward at a distance of 3.0 miles (4.8 km). The highway was cancelled on January 3, 1952, with the mileage being transferred to FM 209.
The original FM 1205 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 287 at Iowa Park south 2 miles to FM 367. On May 23, 1951 the road was extended 13.3 miles east and north to SH 240. FM 1205 was cancelled on February 6, 1953 and transferred to FM 368.
The original FM 1209 was designated on July 14, 1949 from SH 51, 5.1 miles north of Crane, south and east 5.8 miles to SH 51, 2.5 miles north of Crane. FM 1209 was cancelled on September 28, 1950 in exchange for creation of FM 1601.
Farm to Market Road 1211 (FM 1211) is a former highway that was located in Loving and Winkler counties. No highway currently uses the FM 1211 designation.
FM 1211 was designated on July 14, 1949 from SH 276 (now SH 302) at Mentone to a point 2 miles northeast. On December 17, 1952 the road was extended northeast 14.8 miles to the Winkler County line. That same day the road was extended northeast 14 miles to SH 115 1 mile west of Wink. On December 1, 1953 the road was signed (but not designated) as part of SH 302. FM 1211 was cancelled on August 29, 1990, after which it was officially transferred to SH 302.
Farm to Market Road 1214 (FM 1214) is located entirely in Henderson County in Caney City.
FM 1214 begins at Barron Road north of Wingham Road; the highway travels in a predominately northern direction before turning east at Thomas Drive. FM 1214 travels near the shore of Cedar Creek Reservoir before ending at an intersection with SH 198.
The current FM 1214 was designated on January 26, 1958, running from FM 316 (now SH 198) to St. Paul's School.
FM 1214 was originally designated on July 14, 1949, running from Spur 194 in Fort Stockton southward at a distance of 5.0 miles (8.0 km). The highway was extended 13.5 miles (21.7 km) southward on December 17, 1952. FM 1214 was extended to US 90 near Marathon on September 29, 1954; the highway was cancelled and re-designated as SH 51 on November 24, 1956 at TXDOT proposed a U.S. Highway on this corridor.
FM 1215 begins along the north service road of I-10; the road does not have its own dedicated exit from I-10, but can be reached by eastbound traffic from exit 209 then following the SH 17 south underpass to the north service road while westbound traffic follows exit 212 for SH 17 north / FM 2448 to the north service road.
From the I-10 service road, the two-lane road proceeds on a convoluted path first to the north, then makes turns to the east and north into Saragosa where the route is known as West Main Street and makes one more eastward turn to SH 17 all along following the local county road system's partial grid of section line roads. Except at I-10 and SH 17, the route uses curves to change direction avoiding right-angle turns. In Saragosa, the road turns south for one-half mile (0.8 km) along SH 17. At Reeves County Road 306 (CR 306), FM 1215 turns east along that route and follows it for one mile (1.6 km) before terminating at an intersection with CR 309. CR 306 continues an additional mile to FM 2448.
FM 1215 was designated along its present route on July 14, 1949.
FM 1216 begins at US 285 on the northern edge of Pecos; the two-lane road proceeds to the north 3 miles (4.8 km) to FM 3398. The road continues an additional 7.1 miles (11.4 km) before state maintenance ends. The roadway continues to the northeast as Reeves County Road 425, which ends at SH 302; the path of FM 1216 is roughly parallel to the Pecos River to the east.
FM 1216 was designated in on July 14, 1949 along approximately 6.0 miles (9.7 km) of its present route beginning at US 285. The route was extended along the remainder of its current length to the site of the former Patrole School on December 18, 1951.
Farm to Market Road 1217 (FM 1217) is a former highway that was located in Pecos and Terrell counties. No highway currently uses the FM 1217 designation.
FM 1217 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 90 in Dryden to a point 5.5 miles north. The road was extended north 3.2 miles on May 23, 1951, another 7.5 miles seven months later, an additional 14 miles on December 17, 1952, and finally another 2.3 miles on April 24, 1954. On September 29, 1954 the road was extended 27.8 miles north to US 290 at Sheffield, replacing FM 1749. On December 13, 1956, FM 1217 was signed (but not designated) as part of SH 349. FM 1217 was cancelled on August 29, 1990, after which it was officially transferred to SH 349.
The original FM 1218 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 67, 0.5 mile east of McCamey, north, east, and south 5.1 miles to US 67, 2 miles east of McCamey. FM 1218 was cancelled on December 18, 1951 and removed from the highway system.
Farm to Market Road 1220 (FM 1220) is located entirely in Tarrant County.
FM 1220 begins at an intersection with SH 183 in the Far Greater Northside area of Fort Worth; the highway travels in a northwestern direction along Azle Avenue through a residential area and runs along the northern edge of Sansom Park before entering Lake Worth. In Lake Worth, FM 1220 has a junction with I-820 and turns north onto Boat Club Road near Lake Worth High School; the highway travels in a northern direction near several subdivisions, running between Lake Worth and Marine Creek Reservoir, before re-entering Fort Worth near Saginaw. FM 1220 continues to run near several subdivisions in far northwest Fort Worth and turns west north of an intersection with Park Drive, then enters the town of Eagle Mountain; the highway runs through the town and runs close to Eagle Mountain Lake. West of Eagle Mountain, the Boat Club Road designation leaves the highway, with FM 1220's local designation becoming Morris Dido Newark Road; the highway runs in a northwestern direction near the eastern shore of Eagle Mountain Lake with state maintenance ending at Peden Road at the southern boundary of Pecan Acres; Morris Dido Newark Road continues past Peden Road for another 5.3 miles (8.5 km) to FM 718 near Newark.
FM 1220 was designated on December 1, 1953, running from SH 183 in Fort Worth northwestward and northward to a road intersection at a distance of 6.8 miles (10.9 km). The highway was extended 4.0 miles (6.4 km) northwestward on October 13, 1954. FM 1220 was extended 2.4 miles (3.9 km) to its current northern terminus on September 27, 1960. The section of highway between SH 183 and I-820 was internally re-designated as Urban Road 1220 by TxDOT in 1995.
RM 1221 is approximately 13.5 miles (21.7 km) in length. Its southern terminus is at a junction with US 377 northeast of London; the route travels due north to an intersection with RM 1773 before curving slightly to the northeast. It ends at a junction with SH 29 in Hext; the roadway is two-lane and shoulderless for its entire length.
RM 1221 was designated on November 13, 1959 when FM 1221 was re-designated as a ranch-to-market road.
Farm to Market Road 1222 (FM 1222) is a former highway that was located in Mason County. FM 1222 was designated on July 14, 1949, from US 87 at Camp Air east 10.8 miles via Katemey to FM 386 (now RM 386). The highway was cancelled and re-designated as RM 1222 on October 1, 1956.
Ranch to Market Road 1222 is located in Mason County. It runs from SH 29 near Mason north and east to RM 386.
RM 1222 was designated on October 1, 1956, from US 87 at Camp Air east 10.8 miles via Katemey to RM 386 when FM 1222 was redesignated as a ranch-to-market road. on June 1, 1962 the road was extended west and south 10.3 miles to SH 29, 11 miles northwest of Mason, replacing RM 1282.
Farm to Market Road 1223 (FM 1223) is located entirely in Tom Green County.
State maintenance for FM 1223 begins on Susan Peak Road south of the main entrance to Rocking Chair Ranch; the highway travels northwest through rural farm and ranch land and has a junction with US 87/Loop 306 west of Wall. After the junction with US 87/Loop 306, FM 1223 continues to run in a northwest direction and enters San Angelo near an intersection with FM 765; the highway turns west at Old Eola Road near Goodfellow Air Force Base, turns northwest at Loop 378, then turns north near the South Concho River. After crossing the river, FM 1233 travels in a northern direction and closely parallels the river before ending at an intersection with FM 388; the section of highway within San Angelo is known locally as Chadbourne Street.
FM 1223 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from US 87 (now Cottonseed Road) 3.5 miles (5.6 km) west of Wall, southeastward at a distance of 7.3 miles (11.7 km). The highway was extended 0.8 miles (1.3 km) over the old location of US 87 to the current location of US 87 at Loop 306 on November 1, 1962. The highway was extended 5.0 miles (8.0 km) southeastward on July 11, 1968. FM 1223 was extended over the old location of US 87 between Loop 306 and Loop 378 on February 10, 1972. On November 3, 1972, the highway was extended 23.1 miles (37.2 km) southeastward to US 83 near Menard, absorbing FM 3142. The section of FM 1223 in Menard County was cancelled on January 9, 1984, with part of the old highway being re-designated as FM 3463; the highway was extended 1.7 miles (2.7 km) northwestward from Loop 378 to FM 388 on March 29, 1988, absorbing the northern part of Loop 378. The section of FM 1223 between US 87 and FM 388 was internally re-designated as Urban Road 1223 by TxDOT on June 27, 1995.
The original FM 1227 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 83, 1 mile south of Anson, south 10.5 miles to a road intersection. On May 23, 1951 the road was extended south 1.3 miles to FM 605. FM 1227 was cancelled on February 20, 1952 and transferred to FM 707.
Farm to Market Road 1231 (FM 1231) is a former highway that was located in Kent and Scurry counties. No highway currently uses the FM 1231 designation.
FM 1231 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 84 at Snyder north 8.8 miles to a road intersection. On June 21, 1951 the road was extended north 7.6 miles to the Kent County line. Five months later the road was extended to a point 3 miles north of the Scurry County line. On April 29, 1952 the road was extended to US 380, 4 miles west of Clairemont, replacing FM 1741. On February 23, 1956, FM 1231 was signed, but not designated, as SH 208. FM 1231 was cancelled on August 29, 1990 as the extension of the SH 208 designation became official.
Farm to Market Road 1236 (FM 1236) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas that remains within Fort Bend County. The two-lane highway begins at FM 442 south of Needville and goes northwest and then northeast before ending at State Highway 36 (SH 36) in Needville.
A two-lane highway for its entire length, FM 1236 begins at a stop sign on FM 442 south of Needville; this location is 3.1 miles (5.0 km) northwest of the San Bernard River bridge on FM 442. From its starting point, the highway heads 2.0 miles (3.2 km) northwest to Needville Four Corners Road. This section of FM 1236, which is also named Bushnell Road, crosses Buffalo Creek. At Needville Four Corners Road, FM 1236 curves to the northeast and goes 2.4 miles (3.9 km) to Altimore Road on the edge of Needville. The highway continues in the same direction through Needville for 1.0 mile (1.6 km) before coming to a traffic signal at FM 360. The portion of FM 1236 within Needville is also called School Street; the section from FM 360 to the end of the highway at the SH 36 traffic light is an additional 0.3 miles (0.5 km). On the other side of SH 36, School Street continues to the northeast and becomes Old Needville Fairchild Road, but is not part of the state highway system.
FM 1236 was redesignated on October 31, 1958 to begin at FM 442 and head northwest then northeast to end at SH 36 in Needville; the 0.3 miles (0.5 km) long former spur connection to SH 36 was transferred to FM 1236 from FM 360.
FM 1236 was originally designated on July 14, 1949, to start at State Highway 95 (SH 95) in Bartlett, Texas and run about 6.6 miles (10.6 km) to the east. The highway was entirely within Bell County. On December 17, 1952, FM 1236 was extended to the Milam County line, making a total distance of about 9.4 miles (15.1 km). On July 10, 1953, the former right-of-way of FM 1329 was canceled and combined with FM 1236, making a total distance of 36.6 miles (58.9 km). In effect this extended FM 1236 27.2 miles (43.8 km) to the west from Bartlett through Jarrell to State Highway 195 at Florence in Williamson County. On January 7, 1955, FM 1236 was canceled and its right-of-way was transferred to FM 487.
Farm to Market Road 1250 (FM 1250) is located entirely in Medina County in the town of Hondo and is known locally as 30th Street.
FM 1250 begins at an intersection with US 90 in the western part of the town; the highway travels in an eastern direction through rural parts of the town until an intersection with Avenue U. East of Avenue U, FM 1250 travels through a residential area before ending at an intersection with FM 462 near Medina Community Hospital.
The current FM 1250 was designated on May 5, 1966 along the current route.
FM 1250 was first designated on July 14, 1949, traveling from FM 85 near Mabank, eastward to US 175 at a distance of 5.6 miles (9.0 km). The highway was cancelled on October 30, 1961 when FM 85 was rerouted over it.
The next use of the FM 1257 designation was in Pecos County, from FM 305 northeast 6 miles to SH 51, 4 miles northwest of Iraan. FM 1257 was cancelled on June 30, 1977 and redesignated as US 190, although this did not take effect until 1978.
The first use of the FM 1263 designation was in Hemphill County, from US 83, 1 mile north of the Wheeler County line, west 11.8 miles to a road intersection. FM 1263 was cancelled on January 27, 1953 and transferred to FM 1268.
The next use of the FM 1263 designation was in Washington County, from FM 389 southwest of Brenham southwest 7.5 miles to the Austin County line. FM 1263 was cancelled on April 24, 1953 and transferred to FM 332.
FM 1264 begins at an intersection with U.S. Highway 84 (US 84, Clovis Road) in northwest Lubbock; the road continues past here as University Avenue. The highway travels between the Conquistador and Llano Estacado Lakes and runs near the Lubbock County Juvenile Justice Center before meeting Loop 289. Just north of Loop 289, FM 1264 runs past the Lubbock State School and a subdivision before leaving the city limits of Lubbock. Just north of the Lubbock city limits, the highway has an intersection with FM 2641; the rest of FM 1264's route is generally rural before reaching its northern terminus at FM 597 west of Abernathy.
The current FM 1264 was designated on December 17, 1952, running from US 84 north to FM 1294. On June 2, 1967, the highway was extended farther north to FM 597. On June 27, 1995, the section of FM 1264 between US 84 and FM 2641 was designated as Urban Road 1264 by TxDOT. Like other urban roads, the highway still retains its FM signage.
An earlier FM 1264 was designated on July 14, 1949 from FM 279 (now FM 281) 9 miles east of SH 117 (now SH 207), southeast to the Roberts County Line; this was combined with FM 279 on December 17, 1952.
Farm to Market Road 1265 (FM 1265) is a former highway that was located entirely in Lipscomb County. No highway currently uses the FM 1265 designation.
FM 1265 was designated on July 14, 1949 from the Texas/Oklahoma state line north of Booker to a road intersection south of Booker at a total distance of 5.7 miles (9.2 km). The highway was extended 12.0 miles (19.3 km) southward to a road intersection on October 26, 1954. FM 1265 was extended 11.4 miles (18.3 km) southward to US 83 on January 21, 1956. On January 27, 1959, FM 1265 was signed (but not designated) as SH 23; the highway was cancelled and officially re-designated as SH 23 on August 29, 1990.
Farm to Market Road 1266 is located in Galveston County. It runs from FM 517 in Dickinson north to FM 646.
FM 1266 was designated on February 21, 1952 from SH 146 south of Kemah southwest and south 6.3 miles to FM 517 at Dickinson. On April 1, 1968 the section from SH 146 to new FM 518 was transferred to FM 518. On April 1, 1987 a 1 mile section from FM 518 north to FM 2094 was added. On June 30, 1995 the entire route was transferred to UR 1266. On May 29, 2003 the sections from FM 518 to SH 96 and SH 96 to FM 646 were removed from the highway system and turned over to League City and a proposed section from FM 2094 to FM 518 was also removed.
The original FM 1266 was designated on July 14, 1949 from US 287 at Etter east 10 miles to an intersection with FM 119 at Sunray; the road was extended west 7.2 miles to a road intersection on May 23, 1951 and another 2.3 miles west to the Hartley County line on February 21, 1952. FM 1266 was cancelled on December 7, 1953 and transferred to FM 281.
Farm to Market Road 1273 (FM 1273) is located entirely in Kerr County in the Hill Country area. The highway is known locally as Upper Turtle Creek Road.
State maintenance for FM 1273 begins near the intersection of Upper Turtle Creek Road and Pikes Peak Road; the highway snakes its way through hilly terrain and runs parallel to Turtle Creek in an area with several lodges and camps. FM 1273 ends at an intersection with SH 16 southwest of Kerrville.
The current FM 1273 was designated on December 18, 1951, traveling from SH 16 westward to Camp Maddox at a distance of 4.6 miles (7.4 km). The westernmost 2.1 miles (3.4 km) of the highway was turned over to Kerr County for maintenance on June 24, 1953.
The first FM 1273 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from SH 45 (now SH 19) at Lovelady to a road intersection at a distance of 3.5 miles (5.6 km). The highway was cancelled and combined with FM 1280 in 1952.
FM 1280 was designated on July 14, 1949; the original route was from its eastern terminus near Groveton westward approximately 7.8 miles (12.6 km). It was extended further west Lovelady on November 20, 1951, replacing FM 1273, which went from SH 45 (now SH 19) east 3.5 miles. On October 13, 1954, FM 1280 extended 6.3 miles to Pearsons Chapel. On November 21, 1956, FM 1280 extended west to Ash, replacing FM 1732 which started at SH 21.
Farm to Market Road 1283 begins at an intersection with Farm to Market Road 471 just southeast of Lakehills; the highway runs in a near east–west direction, turning northeast near Red Wing Road, then turns back to a near east–west direction at Medina County Road 2801 E. FM 1283 turns north again at County Road 271, with the latter running towards Mico; the highway begins to run near the eastern shore of Medina Lake and begins to twist and turn to follow to the shore of the lake. FM 1283 enters the town of Lakehills, intersecting with Park Road 37. After leaving the town, the highway enters the community of Bandera Falls before taking a more rural route. FM 1283 ends at an intersection with State Highway 16 in Pipe Creek.
The current designation of FM 1283 was first signed on August 22, 1951, running from State Highway 16 at Pipe Creek south for 3 miles to a county road; the highway was further extended south to Park Road 37 on October 31, 1957, being extended again on May 2, 1962 to the Bandera–Medina county line. FM 1283 was extended again on May 7, 1970 to FM 471, replacing RM 1608 and reaching its current length.
FM 1288 begins north of Newport, at an intersection with SH 59, it travels to the north through the farming areas of southeastern Clay County, through the community of Vashti, to Bellevue and US 287, the main thoroughfare in the region. After a brief concurrency with US 287, the route continues north about 4.5 mi (7.2 km) before state maintenance ends. The roadway continues as Worsham Road under county jurisdiction before it eventually becomes FM 1134.
FM 1288 is a two-lane route for its entire length, except for the section that is concurrent with US 287 in Bellevue.
FM 1288 was first designated in neighboring Montague County on July 14, 1949; the route traveled westward from US 287 near Bowie to the Clay County line; the section from Bellevue to Vashti was originally designated FM 176 until FM 176 was replaced by an extension of FM 174; after the designation of FM 1288 was extended on December 17, 1952 to Vashti and then southward to SH 59, the state effectively swapped the designations of the two segments, eliminating the 90-degree bend in FM 174 and removing FM 1288 from Montague County. On October 31, 1958, FM 1288 extended north 3 miles. On November 24, 1959, FM 1288 extended north 2.2 miles to its current terminus.
The current FM 1294 was designated on December 17, 1952, running from US 84 (now Loop 388) at Shallowater eastward to US 87 (now signed with I-27) south of Monroe at a distance of 8.8 miles (14.2 km). The highway was extended 20.1 miles (32.3 km) westward to US 385 on October 31, 1958, with 9.0 miles (14.5 km) of this extension coming from FM 2395. The remainder of FM 2395 became part of FM 168 on November 24, 1959. FM 1294 was extended 1.0 mile (1.6 km) east of US 87 on June 28, 1963. FM 1294 was extended to its current eastern terminus at FM 1729 on November 5, 1971.
FM 1294 was originally designated on July 14, 1949, running from SH 71 west of La Grange to a road intersection at a distance of 2.8 miles (4.5 km). The highway was extended 1.4 miles (2.3 km) to another road intersection on May 23, 1951. FM 1294 was cancelled on December 17, 1952, with the mileage being transferred to FM 609.
Farm to Market Road 1297 (FM 1297) is located entirely in Bowie County in Texarkana. The highway is known locally as McKnight Road.
FM 1297 begins at an intersection with FM 2878 in the Pleasant Grove area of the city; the highway travels in an eastern direction and passes Pleasant Grove High School before ending at an intersection with FM 559.
The current FM 1297 was designated on June 28, 1963, running from FM 2878 to FM 559; the entire highway was internally re-designated as Urban Road 1297 by TxDOT on June 27, 1995.
The original FM 1297 was designated on July 14, 1949, running from SH 200 (now SH 97) at Cost westward to a road intersection at a distance of 4.1 miles (6.6 km). The highway was extended 1.6 miles (2.6 km) northwestward to Monthalia on May 23, 1951. FM 1297 was extended 3.9 miles (6.3 km) northwestward of Monthalia to a road intersection on November 21, 1956. The highway was extended to SH 80 near Belmont on September 27, 1960. FM 1297 was extended to the Guadalupe County line on September 20, 1961; the highway was cancelled on May 24, 1962, with the mileage being transferred to FM 466.
^The certified length given is shorter than the actual mileage, as the Texas Department of Transportation description of FM 1215 considers it to be discontinuous at rather than concurrent with SH 17.
^The certified length given is shorter than the actual mileage, as the Texas Department of Transportation description of FM 1264 considers it to be discontinuous at rather than concurrent with FM 1729.
^The certified length given is shorter than the actual mileage, as the Texas Department of Transportation description of FM 1288 considers it to be discontinuous at FM 174 and US 287.
^The certified length given is shorter than the actual mileage, as the Texas Department of Transportation description of FM 1294 considers it to be discontinuous at rather than concurrent with FM 2130.
State Highway 9 is a highway near Copperas Cove, Texas. It connects U. S. Highway 190 Business outside of Copperas Cove to Farm to Market Road 116 on the north side of Copperas Cove; the highway opened on February 20, 2014 with a ribbon cutting at 2:00 PM. The entire current route of SH 9 is a two-lane expressway sandwiched between the city of Copperas Cove and Fort Hood, it is three miles and is in Coryell County. SH 9 begins at an intersection with FM 116 north of downtown Copperas Cove, it travels east entering the border of Fort Hood first crossing over Old Georgetown Road under Tank Destroyer Boulevard. Tank Destroyer Boulevard has a partial interchange with SH 9 allowing eastbound traffic to exit towards the base while traffic exiting the base may enter to the westbound lane. After passing over a railroad, SH 9 ends at a partial interchange with Bus. US 190 east of the city; the only movements allowed at the interchange are eastbound SH 9 to eastbound Bus. US 190 and vice versa; this interchange is within the same complex.
US 190 has its eastern terminus at an interchange with Interstate 14 and US 190. State Highway 9 or SH 9 was one of the original 25 Texas highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlaid on top of the Puget Sound-Gulf Highway. In 1919 the routing follows the present day U. S. Highway 87 from Amarillo, through Canyon, Lubbock, Big Spring, San Angelo, Mason, into San Antonio. From San Antonio, it follows U. S. Highway terminated in Corpus Christi. In 1919 the direct segment between San Angelo and Brady had not yet been built, so SH 9 was rerouted through Paint Rock for a short time. Much like other highways at the time, multiple alternate routings has been created using the same number, SH 9 was no exception. From San Antonio, the second route left the city south via Pleasanton Road, merging with present-day U. S. Route 281 from Las Gallinas through Pleasanton splitting off onto present day Interstate 37 into Oakville, it continued west on SH 234 into Odem, south on U. S. Route 77 back to I-37 to its terminus in Corpus Christi.
The split date is unknown. On February 17, 1920, SH 9A was designated on the more direct route from San Angelo to Brady. On April 18, 1921 a third routing, signed as SH 9A was created alongside the previous two, overrunning the ambitious SH 12 route from Skidmore to Alice, continuing south to its terminus in Pharr. On August 21, 1923, the original routing was resigned as SH 16 and had U. S. Route 181 overlaid on top of that; the second routing retained the SH 9 designation, continuing the numbering into Corpus Christi that way. The third routing was given its SH 12 assignment back from Skidmore to Alice and given a new assignment of SH 12 from Alice to Pharr. SH 9 was rerouted over SH 9A from San Angelo to Brady, cancelled; the old route through Paint Rock was cancelled. The south end was truncated to Mathis. On April 21, 1924, SH 9 was to be rerouted from Three Rivers to Alice when right of way is acquired and the bridges were dedicated to the state of Texas. In 1926, U. S. Route 385 was overlaid on the original routing from Amarillo to San Antonio.
On April 25, 1929, SH 9 extended back to Corpus Christi. On March 19, 1930, the road from Three Rivers to Alice was renumbered as SH 145. On December 2, 1931, SH 9 extended north from Amarillo to Stratford, replacing SH 115. On November 30, 1932, SH 9 was extended north to the Oklahoma border. On February 8, 1933, SH 9 Loop was designated in Tulia; the section from Amarillo to Oklahoma would be overlaid with U. S. Route 287. On June 11, 1935, a new route through Comfort was created, the old route is now Old No. 9 Highway. On July 15, 1935, the section of SH 9 from Stratford to Oklahoma was cancelled. On September 26, 1935, SH 9 Loop was designated in O'Donnell. On January 21, 1936, SH 9 Spur was designated in Ackerly. On August 1, 1936, the section from Stratford to Oklahoma was restored. On September 26, 1939, most of SH 9 was cancelled, leaving only the Three Rivers-Corpus Christi segment to the old highway; the SH 9 Loop and SH 9 Spur routes became Loop 67, Loop 76, Loop 77. On April 24, 1958, SH 9 was to be cancelled in Corpus Christi when I-37 was completed in Corpus Christi.
On February 26, 1965, SH 9 was truncated to I-37 at Loma Alta Road in Corpus Christi, with the section east of there redesignated as Spur 407. On May 31, 1971, a minute order said SH 9 will be cancelled with the completion of I-37; when I-37 was completed, SH 9 was cancelled, with the sections that were not replaced by I-37 redesignated as FM 3024 and Spur 459. The entire route is in Coryell County
The population density was 42 per square mile. The 15,061 housing units averaged 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.84% White, 3.06% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, 1.61% from two or more races. About 10% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the more than 14,000 households in Cooke County, 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living in the home, 59.60% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were not families. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07. The population was distributed as 27.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males. While 2015 estimates place the median household income for Cooke County at $53,552, past estimates showed the median household income to be $37,649, with the median family income being $44,869.
In the United States, a farm-to-market road or ranch-to-market road is a state road or county road that connects rural or agricultural areas to market towns. These are better quality roads a highway, that farmers and ranchers use to transport products to market towns or distribution centers. In the state of Texas, the terms Farm to Market Road and Ranch to Market Road indicate roadways that are part of the state's system of secondary and connecting routes and maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation. Texas established this system in 1949 to improve access to rural areas; the system consists of paved two-lane roads, though some segments have more lanes and some are considered freeways. These roads are signed with route markers that contain the words FARM ROAD or RANCH ROAD, but the formal name is Farm to Market Road and Ranch to Market Road; the only road that explicitly uses the name Ranch Road is Ranch Road 1, which runs near the former ranch home of former President Lyndon B. Johnson.
As with other state-maintained highways in Texas, all Farm or Ranch to Market roads are paved. Speed limits along these roads vary, but may be as high as 75 mph in rural areas, such as in Andrews and Pecos counties; the first farm-to-market road in Texas was completed in January 1937 during the Great Depression. It connected the former community of Shiloh in Rusk County; the route was 5.8 miles long and was constructed at a cost of $48,015.12. This route is now part of Texas State Highway 315; the first highway designated as FM 1 was authorized in 1941, connecting US 96 near Pineland to a sawmill belonging to the Temple Lumber Company. In 1945, the highway commission authorized a three-year pilot program for the construction of 7,205 miles of farm-to-market roadways, with cost to be shared by the state and federal governments; as the program grew, efforts were made by legislators from rural areas, including State Senator Grady Hazlewood of Amarillo, to expand the farm-to-market road network in the late 1940s.
The funding was to have come from an increase in the fuel tax, as proposed by State Senator Grover Morris in 1947. The popularity of the program and the perceived need to connect the vast, isolated central and western areas of the state prompted the passing of the Colson-Briscoe Act in 1949, sponsored by State Senator E. Neveille Colson and State Representative Dolph Briscoe; this legislation appropriated funding for the creation of an extensive system of secondary roads to provide access to the rural areas of the state and to allow farmers and ranchers to bring their goods to market, reserving a flat $15 million per year plus 1 cent per gallon of gasoline sold in the state for local highway construction. In 1962, the Texas legislature inflation adjusted this amount to $23 million annually, through federal fund matching, expanded the farm-to-market system from 35,000 to 50,000 miles; the system now accounts for over half of the mileage in the Texas Department of Transportation system. Signs designating a Farm to Market or Ranch to Market road are a black square background containing a white shape of the state of Texas, with the words "FARM ROAD" or "RANCH ROAD" appearing in white text on the background and the route number in black text within the shape of Texas.
Guide signs designating these roads use a simple white rectangle with the abbreviation "F. M." or "R. M." and the route number appearing below the abbreviation in black text. As a result of population growth and the expansion of urban areas, many Farm to Market and Ranch to Market roads that served rural areas now serve urban areas, sometimes exclusively. An effort was made to rename such roads "Urban Roads" on June 27, 1995, but residents opposed the effort, arguing that removing the "Farm" and "Ranch" from the designations was "un-Texan," and that the cost of changing signage was not justified. Other than a few route markers, such as on FM 1315 near Victoria, most signs were not changed, TxDOT abandoned the idea to do so. However, though the Farm to Market and Ranch to Market designations remain in place on route signage, the state does continue to track these urban roads separately in its highway designation files. For example, the mileage of FM 544 in the Plano area was transferred from FM 544 to UR 544 in 1995.
As part of the state highway system, Urban Roads are eligible for state maintenance. On November 15, 2018, TXDOT changed all urban roads back to their previous RM designations; the only part of the government or public that used "Urban Roads" from 1995-2018 was the internal highway database system used by TXDOT workers due to the 1995 order. The original 1995 order was rescinded by Minute Order 115371. Roads like UR 544 have been redesignated as FM 544 in the database. Farm to Market and Ranch to Market roads are numbered as a single set of roads. There is not an RM with the same route number. Urban Roads are designated with the same route number as the FM or RM from which the mileage was transferred. Texas has two signed business routes of Farm to Market Roads: Business RM 1431 in Burnet County, Business FM 1960 in Harris County; these routes are former alignments. A third business Farm to Market Road, Busines
Denton is a city in and the county seat of Denton County, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 113,383, making it the 27th-most populous city in Texas, the 200th-most populous city in the United States, the 12th-most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. A Texas land grant led to the formation of Denton County in 1846, the city was incorporated in 1866. Both were named after pioneer and Texas militia captain John B. Denton; the arrival of a railroad line in the city in 1881 spurred population, the establishment of the University of North Texas in 1890 and Texas Woman's University in 1901 distinguished the city from neighboring regions. After the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport finished in 1974, the city had more rapid growth. Located on the far north end of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex in North Texas on Interstate 35, Denton is known for its active music life; the city experiences hot, humid summers and few extreme weather events.
Its diverse citizenry is represented by a nonpartisan city council, numerous county and state departments have offices in the city. With over 45,000 students enrolled at the two universities located within its city limits, Denton is characterized as a college town; as a result of the universities' growth, educational services play a large role in the city's economy. Residents are served by the Denton County Transportation Authority, which provides commuter rail and bus service to the area; the formation of Denton is tied with that of Denton County. White settlement of the area began in the middle of the 1800s when William S. Peters of Kentucky obtained a land grant from the Texas Congress and named it Peters Colony. After initial settlement in the southeast part of the county in 1843, the Texas Legislature voted to form Denton County in 1846. Both the county and the town were named for John B. Denton, a preacher and lawyer, killed in 1841 during a skirmish with Kichai people in what is now Tarrant County.
Pickneyville and Alton were selected as the county seat before Denton was named for that position in 1857. That year, a commission named the first streets. Denton incorporated in 1866. B. Sawyer; as the city expanded beyond its original boundaries, it became an agricultural trade center for the mill and cottage industries. The arrival of the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881 gave Denton its first rail connection and brought an influx of people to the area. North Texas Normal College, now the University of North Texas, was established in 1890, the Girls' Industrial College, now Texas Woman's University, was founded in 1903; as the universities increased in size, their impact on Denton's economy and culture increased. Denton grew from a population of 26,844 in 1960 to 48,063 in 1980, its connection to the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex via I-35E and I-35W played a major role in the growth, the opening of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport in 1974 led to an increase in population. In the 1980s, heavy manufacturing companies like Victor Equipment Company and Peterbilt joined older manufacturing firms such as Moore Business Forms and Morrison Milling Company in Denton.
The population jumped from 66,270 in 1990 to 80,537 in 2000. In May 2006, Houston-based real estate company United Equities purchased the 100-block of Fry Street and announced that several of the historic buildings would be demolished to accommodate a new mixed-use commercial center; the proposal drew opposition from some residents, who sought to preserve the area as a historic and cultural icon for the city. The Denton City Council approved a new proposal for the area from Dinerstein Cos in 2010. Denton is located on the northern edge of the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area; these three cities form the area known as the "Golden Triangle of North Texas." According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 89.316 square miles, of which 87.952 square miles is land and 1.364 square miles is covered by water. The city lies in the northeast edge of the Bend Arch–Fort Worth Basin, characterized by flat terrain. Elevation ranges from 500 to 900 feet. Part of the city is located atop the Barnett Shale, a geological formation believed to contain large quantities of natural gas.
Lewisville Lake, a man-made reservoir, is located 15 miles south of the city. With its hot, humid summers and cool winters, Denton's climate is characterized as humid subtropical and is within USDA hardiness zone 8a; the city's all-time high temperature is 113 °F, recorded in 1954. Dry winds affect the area in the summer and can bring temperatures of over 100 °F, although the average summer temperature highs range from 91 to 96 °F between June and August; the all-time recorded low is −3 °F, the coolest month is January, with daily low temperatures averaging 33 °F. Denton lies on the southern end of what is referred to as "Tornado Alley"; the city receives about 37.7 inches of rain per year. Flash floods and severe thunderstorms are frequent occurrences during spring. Average snowfall in Denton is similar to the Dallas–Fort Worth average of 2.4 inches per year. Denton is home to several annual artistic and cultural events that cater to residents and tou
Ardmore, Indian Territory, began with a plowed ditch for a Main Street in the summer of 1887 in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation. It owes much of its existence to the construction of the Santa Fe Railroad through the area during that time, it grew. In 1894, notorious outlaw William M. Dalton was gunned down by a posse as he tried to flee from his home in Ardmore. A large fire in 1895 destroyed much of the fledgling town, which forced residents to rebuild nearly the entire town. In the early 1900s, Ardmore became well known for its abundance of cotton-growing fields and became known as the world's largest inland cotton port. After the fields were stripped of their fertility, the city found itself positioned next to one of the largest oil fields produced in Oklahoma, the Healdton Oil Field. After its discovery in 1913, entrepreneurs and wildcatters flooded the area, Carter County became the largest oil-producing county in Oklahoma, has remained so since. Ardmore has remained an energy center for the region since, with the region's natural wealth giving birth to such energy giants as Halliburton and the Noble Energy companies, among others.
Ardmore learned the perils of being energy-rich with yet another disaster in 1915, when a railroad car containing casing gas exploded, killing 45 people and destroying much of downtown, including areas rebuilt after the 1895 fire. The disaster, which made national news, gave residents the resolve to establish the city's first fire department to ensure that such events would not recur in the future; the city has not experienced any major setbacks since the 1915 fire, save a 1995 tornado that nearly destroyed the Uniroyal Goodrich tire plant in west Ardmore. Despite a shift at the plant working at the time, miraculously no one was killed as the tornado ripped through the area, due to the public being alerted by area news and tornado sirens. On April 22, 1966, Ardmore was the site of the worst plane crash in Oklahoma history, which killed 83 people. Ardmore made the news in 2003 when 52 Democratic members of the Texas House of Representatives, known as the Killer Ds, left Texas for Ardmore to deny the Republican-controlled House a quorum when Republicans attempted to pass a redistricting plan for U.
S. congressional districts. Redistricting of congressional seats is traditionally done following the decennial U. S. census. S. Representative Tom DeLay, would have been an unprecedented second redistricting in the same decade, was promoted as a way to increase Republican electoral success. By leaving the state to stay in an Oklahoma hotel, Democrats temporarily delayed passage of the redistricting plan the Republican-controlled House. Republicans succeeded at the re-redistricting, although in 2006, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that new borders of the 25th Congressional District, a long thin chain of counties from Austin to Mexico, dubbed the "Fajita Strip", was in violation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, since it divided up predominantly Hispanic areas into multiple districts, a U. S. district judge ordered new boundaries favorable to incumbent Democrats Ciro Rodriguez and Lloyd Doggett to be drawn. Ardmore is located in southeastern Carter County at 34°10′52″N 97°07′46″W, it is bordered to the east by the town of Dickson.
By Interstate 35, which passes through the west side of Ardmore, Oklahoma City is 97 miles to the north, while Fort Worth, Texas, is 103 miles to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, Ardmore has a total area of 51.8 square miles, of which 49.9 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles, or 3.67%, is water. Ardmore is located about 10 miles south of the Arbuckle Mountains, an ancient, eroded range spanning some 62 mi across southern Oklahoma; the geology is variegated within the area, with uplifted and folded ridges visible within the shoreline of some of the lakes surrounding Ardmore. The city of Ardmore has no intracity streams or rivers, but is part of the Washita and Red River watersheds, with two tributaries and Hickory creeks, flanking the broad, low area in which Ardmore is situated. Ardmore is 3.1 mi north of Lake Murray, an impoundment of the two arms of Anadarche Creek, which flows into the western reaches of Lake Texoma. As of the census of 2010, there were 24,283 people residing in the city.
The population density was 482.7 people per square mile. There were 10,926 housing units at an average
Interstate 35 in Texas is a major north–south Interstate Highway running from Laredo near the United States-Mexico border to the Red River north of Gainesville where it crosses into Oklahoma. Along its route, it passes through the cities of San Antonio and Waco before it splits into two auxiliary routes just north of Hillsboro. Interstate 35E heads northeast. Interstate 35W turns northwest to run through Fort Worth; the two branches meet up in Denton to again form Interstate 35, where it continues to the Oklahoma border. The exit numbers for Interstate 35E maintain the sequence of exit numbers from the southern segment of Interstate 35, the northern segment of Interstate 35 follows on from the sequence of exit numbers from Interstate 35E. Interstate 35W maintains its own sequence of exit numbers. In Texas, Interstate 35 runs for just over 407 miles, which does not include either the 85-mile segment of Interstate 35W or the 97-mile segment of Interstate 35E. Texas contains more miles of the overall length of Interstate 35 than any other state one-third of the entire length.
The Interstate is undergoing an extensive renovation and expansion project, known as'My35.' The project includes work on portions of the interstate from Dallas south to Laredo. Interstate 35 has been designated the Texas portion of the Purple Heart Trail. Signage noting this designation is being added along the route. In Laredo, Interstate 35 is between 6 and 8 main lanes in each direction, dropping to 4 near mile marker 13. After running concurrently with US 83 for 20 miles, the highway continues north-northeast across the South Texas Plains; the highway passes through the towns of Cotulla, Pearsall and Lytle before reaching San Antonio. In San Antonio, I-35 is listed as the PanAm Expressway, it starts out as four lanes from the south until it reaches the Poteet-Jourdanton Freeway, expanding to six to eight mainlanes of travel. Its southern point begins in the southwest corner of town and travels northeast, crossing I-410 near its southwest point. At the southwest corner of Downtown, it reaches an intersection with I-10, US 87 and US 90.
US 90 continues east and west from this junction, while I-10 westbound/US 87 northbound joins with I-35 northbound along the western side of Downtown. In this section, it splits lanes to form two levels, a lower one for local traffic and a higher one for express traffic, they rejoin near the northwest corner of Downtown to allow I-10/US 87 to split off and go northwest. I-35 continues, resplitting lanes again as it curves around the northwest corner of Downtown and turns east, it rejoins the lanes as it goes through an intersection at the northeast corner of Downtown, where I-37's northern terminus is located, while US 281 will continue on the north–south freeway. I-35 continues east for, it merges with I-410 on its eastern north–south leg from its northbound direction in a triangular interchange and continues north concurrently from there. A few miles I-410 will split off onto its northern west–east leg, while I-35 resumes its north-northeast course past the northeast corner of the city. Trucks are restricted from travel in the far left lane of I-35 in either direction throughout the San Antonio area.
The restriction covers Bexar and Comal Counties. In Austin, Interstate 35 is named Interregional Highway. Through most of the greater Austin area, I-35 is three to four lanes in each direction, dropping to three lanes north of Williamson County, it forms the eastern boundary of Downtown Austin and passes through the eastern side of the University of Texas campus. I-35 is co-located with U. S. Highway 290 through central Austin. Trucks are restricted from travel in the far left lane of I-35 in either direction throughout the Austin area; the restriction covers Hays and Travis counties and most of Williamson county and ends north of Jarrell, Texas where I-35 is reduced to three lanes in each direction. I-35 is split into two decks between Martin Luther King Boulevard and Airport Boulevard, north of Downtown Austin. Both the upper and lower decks are signed as I-35 and US 290, they use a common set of exit numbers, with some exit numbers duplicated between the two decks; the upper deck lanes are express lanes, with off-ramps.
Drivers wishing to exit between Martin Luther King Boulevard and Airport Boulevard must use the lower deck. The I-35 corridor between San Antonio and Austin is considered one of the most congested stretches of highway in the Interstate System. Much of this traffic is due to I-35 being considered one of the primary NAFTA corridors. Efforts to alleviate the congestion include State Highway 130, which forms an I-35 bypass loop to the east of Austin. Many local and regional governance organizations have on-going studies on other methods to improve mobility on I-35, which include such features as commuter rail lines and additional managed lanes. In Waco, Interstate 35 is known as the Jack Kultgen Freeway. I-35 has six to eight lanes through the city of Waco, it passes just to the west of the Baylor University campus and crosses the Brazos River adjacent to McLane Stadium, the new home of Baylor Bears football. Beginning in Waco and continuing up until just before the I-35E/I-35W split north of Hillsboro, I-35 is co-located with U.
S. Highway 77. Interstate 35 through Central Texas is undergoing major renovation; the project is known as'Main Street Texas', part of the larger scale'My35' expansion plan. The'Main Street' project focuses on expanding the number of main lanes from four to six through McLennan and Bell counties, it calls for complete replacement of the main lane bridges o
In the year ending August 30, 2005 the airport had 20,200 aircraft operations, average 55 per day: 99.5% general aviation and 0.5% military. 70 aircraft were based at this airport: 66% single-engine, 21% multi-engine, 9% jet, 3% helicopter and 1% ultralight. Since at least 2006, the Aviatian Traders ATL-98 Carvair, tailnumber N89FA has been based at Gainesville, it was seen in the James Bond movie, Goldfinger. Texas World War II Army Airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Shaw, Frederick J. Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004. Manning, Thomas A. History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942–2002. Office of History and Research, Headquarters, AETC, Randolph AFB, Texas ASIN: B000NYX3PC Thole, Forgotten Fields of America: World War II Bases and Training and Now - Vol. 2. Publisher: Pictorial Histories Pub, ISBN 1-57510-051-7 FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for GLE AirNav airport information for KGLE ASN accident history for GLE FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures