San Gabriel River (Texas)
The San Gabriel River is a river that flows through central Texas. The San Gabriel River is formed in Georgetown, Texas by the confluence of the North Fork San Gabriel and the South Fork San Gabriel, both of which originate in Burnet County. There are two major impoundments of the river: Lake Georgetown along the North Fork, Granger Lake, about 25 miles below the confluence. Both are U. S. Army Corps of Engineers impoundments; the San Gabriel River joins the Little River five miles south of Cameron which meets the Brazos River northwest of College Station. There is a city park in Georgetown at the confluence of the North and South Forks, with a well-known local swimming spot located just upriver from the confluence on the South Fork. Like most Texas Hill Country rivers, the San Gabriel west of the Balcones Fault is characterized by limestone river bottoms, some moderate rapids, small canyons, muddy bottoms along slower-moving stretches. Given the past tendency toward periodic large-scale but short-lived floods before construction of the large impoundments, much of the bottomland along the river banks east of Georgetown is forested with a mix of native oak and pecan plus other varieties, though in some locations pecan orchards with grafted varieties have been established as commercial enterprises.
Recreational activities include canoeing and fishing. Typical fish species found in the river are catfish, largemouth bass, carp, longnose gar, various species of bait fish. However, many game fish and introduced species are found in the impoundments at Lake Georgetown and Granger Lake; the river runs through the Apache Pass Amphitheater and Festival Grounds near Thorndale, south of the town of San Gabriel. Apache Pass features a cantilevered stage that projects out over the river and is used for major concerts and other events. List of rivers of Texas San Gabriel River from the Handbook of Texas Online Texas Parks and Wildlife Department U. S. Geological Survey City of Georgetown, Texas Parks & Recreation Visit Georgetown - Official Website
Robinson is a city in McLennan County, United States. The population was 10,509 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Waco Metropolitan Statistical Area. Robinson is located at 31°28′14″N 97°7′10″W; as of the census of 2000, 7,845 people, 2,828 households, 2,330 families resided in the city, while the primary Robinson zip code 76706 was 29,449. The population density was 248.6 people per square mile. There were 2,942 housing units at an average density of 93.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.75% White, 2.09% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.27% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 9.00% of the population. Of the 2,828 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.6% were not families. About 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was distributed as 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,404, for a family was $51,953. Males had a median income of $35,718 versus $23,623 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,680. About 3.6% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. Robinson is served by the Robinson Independent School District. Jason Tucker, who played for the Dallas Cowboys, grew up in Robinson and graduated from Robinson High School; the Greater Robinson Chamber of Commerce
Texas State Highway 6
State Highway 6 runs from the Red River, the Texas–Oklahoma boundary, to northwest of Galveston, where it is known as the Old Galveston Highway. In Sugar Land and Missouri City, it is known as Alvin-Sugarland Road and runs perpendicular to I-69/US 59. In the Houston area, it runs north to FM 1960 northwest along US Highway 290 to Hempstead, south to Westheimer Road and Addicks, is known as Addicks Satsuma Road. In the Bryan–College Station area, it is known as the Earl Rudder Freeway. In Hearne, it is known as Market Street. In Calvert, it is known as Main Street. For most of its length, SH 6 is not a limited-access road. In 1997, the Texas Legislature designated SH 6 as the Texas Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway. State Highway 6 was one of the original 25 state highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlying the King of Trails Highway. From 1919, the routing followed present-day U. S. Highway 75 from Oklahoma to Dallas U. S. Highway 77 to Waco. On August 21, 1923, SH 6 was extended along the eastern Gulf Division branch of State Highway 2 to keep SH 2 from having two separate highways with the same number.
In 1926, US 75 and US 77 were overlaid on northern SH 6 from Waco northward through the Dallas area to Denison, US 75 was overlaid on the section from Houston to Galveston. In 1935, US 290 was overlaid on the section from Hempstead to Houston. While the routes were marked concurrently, the concurrent SH 6 kept its numbering until September 26, 1939, when SH 6 was truncated to the Gulf Division routing ending at Waco, it was rerouted south from Hempstead to Galveston, replacing SH 242 and SH 38. On September 26, 1945, the roadway was extended northwest to Breckenridge over SH 67, continuing northwest to near Throckmorton along SH 157, decommissioned; that same day, the section in southeast Texas between Hempstead and Sugar Land was cancelled, as it was redundant with the new Farm to Market Road 359. On August 20, 1952, the route was truncated on the north side; this section was transferred to U. S. Highway 183. On September 26, 1967, SH 6 was rerouted to bypass Bremond, with the old route through Bremond transferred to SH 14 and FM 46.
On November 1, 1968, the section between Hempstead and Sugar Land was re-established, as it was routed along U. S. Highway 290 until it reached Farm to Market Road 1960 replacing FM 1960 southward to where the southern branch of SH 6 intersected to what is now Interstate 69/U. S. Highway 59 in Sugar Land; that portion of FM 1960 from 290 to Highway 90 at Addicks was built in the 1950s, replacing and rerouting some of what was known as Jackrabbit Road. In the early 1970s, the northern section underwent a massive rerouting due to realignments of numerous U. S. and state routes. On August 4, 1971, the section from Breckenridge south to Eastland was redesignated as State Highway 69. SH 6 was instead rerouted west along U. S. Highway 80 to Cisco replaced U. S. Highway 380 northwest to near Old Glory; the route was again extended on July 31, 1975, replacing State Highway 283 between Old Glory and Stamford northward to the Texas/Oklahoma border, completing the current routing of SH 6. The old route of SH 6 was transferred to new SH 283.
On October 27, 1989, a section from US 90A to McKeever Road was added. A spur, SH 6A was designated on August 1928 from SH 6 to Texas City. On March 19, 1930, this route was renumbered as State Highway 146. In June 2016, a section of the highway in Eastland County between Cisco and Albany was destroyed due to major flooding. SH 6 has three business routes. Business State Highway 6-N is a business loop; the road was bypassed on November 30, 1978 by SH 6 and designated Loop 23. The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-N on June 21, 1990; the number was used for Spur 23 on September 25, 1939 as a renumbering of SH 5 Spur, running from US 82 to Annona. On May 19, 1942, this was cancelled and transferred to FM 44. Business State Highway 6-R is a business loop that runs through College Station; the route runs on Texas Avenue in both cities. The route, created in 1972 when SH 6 was routed further north and east, is 12.5 miles long. The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-R on June 21, 1990, it serves as the eastern boundary of Texas A&M University.
Business State Highway 6-S is a business loop. The route was created in 1972 when SH 6 was rerouted further east around town; the road was redesignated as Business SH 6-S on June 21, 1990. SH 6 begins at an intersection with Interstate 45 and SH 3 in Bayou Vista, proceeds to the northwest, paralleling the ATSF railroad tracks; the highway makes a straight line through Galveston and Fort Bend Counties, passing through the city of Alvin. As the highway traverses through Sugar Land, it makes a turn to the north after passing intersections with Interstate 69/US Route 59 and Alternate US Route 90; the highway continues north into western Harris County, reaching the Westpark Tollway and Interstate 10. It intersects US Route 290 in CyFair, joining it as they travel to the northwest, thus finishing a large routing around the southern and western portions of Houston; the route continues northwest with US 290 as a limited-access highway. At Hockley, the highway veers to the right, forking from an old alignment of the highway, bypassing the cities of Waller and Hempstead to the north.
At Hempstead, it splits from US 290 and turns northward into Grimes County, where it bypasses the city of Navasota, while Business SH 6 passes through town. The highway turns northwest again, crossing into Brazos County; the highway starts
McLennan County, Texas
McLennan County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 234,906, its county seat is Waco. The U. S. census 2017 county population estimate is 251,259. The county is named for an early settler. McLennan County is included in the Waco Metropolitan Statistical Area. McLennan County was created by the Texas Legislature in 1850 out of Milam County; the county seat, had been founded as an outpost of the Texas Rangers. It was laid out by George B. Erath, was known by 1850 as Waco Village. Popular carbonated beverage Dr Pepper was developed in Waco by pharmacist Charles Alderton in the 1880's. Dr. Pepper was headquartered in Waco, until moved to Texas. Waco is home to the Dr. Pepper Museum, housed in the 1906 building, the first stand-alone facility used to bottle Dr. Pepper. According to local lore, the first sustained flight did not occur in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, but just outside Tokio by a man flying a gyrocopter. During World War I, McLennan County was home to at least one Rich Field.
In the aftermath of World War I, when social tensions were high as veterans returned, white racial violence broke out against blacks. Two major Ku Klux Klan marches took place, demonstrating the revival of the Klan since 1915. Public lynchings by Whites of numerous Black citizens occurred; this was the second-highest total of any county in Texas. The spectacle lynching of Jesse Washington outside Waco city hall in May 1916 was the most egregious of these extrajudicial murders; the brutal torture and murder of Washington by burning became known as the "Waco Horror", was nationally criticized by the press. In the 1990s, the Waco City Council and the McLennan County Commissioners Court discussed passing a resolution to memorialize this lynching, but they did not act. In May 2016, a mayor of Waco formally apologized to Washington's descendants and the Black community, in a centenary ceremony to mark the anniversary of his lynching. A historical marker is being erected to acknowledge the lynching. McLennan County's contributions to World War II include the reopening of Rich Field for use by the Air Force, the opening of James Connally Air Force Base, now the home of TSTC Waco Airport and Texas State Technical College.
Doris Miller from the county was awarded the Navy Cross for his heroism at Pearl Harbor. Local man James Connally became known as a World War II fighter pilot. In 1886, Baylor University absorbed Waco University. During the early 20th century, McLennan County was home to as many as five colleges. In the 1960s, the Texas Legislature authorized McLennan Community College, the first community college to use those words in the name. Around the same time, what is now the flagship institution of Texas State Technical College was founded as James Connally Technical Institute, as a member of the Texas A&M University System. Today, Baylor, McLennan Community College, Texas State Technical College continue to operate in McLennan County, they educate a large portion of the college-bound high school graduates from the county and the surrounding areas. McLennan Community College has partnered Tarleton University, Texas Tech University, University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Midwestern State University to offer more than fifty bachelors or masters year degrees.
Crush, was a short-lived town in McLennan County, about 15 miles north of Waco. It was established to stage a publicity stunt concocted by William George Crush and the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad; the stunt involved the collision of two 35-ton steam locomotives in front of spectators, whom the railway transported to the event for $2 each. After strong promotion, on September 15, 1896, the event was delayed by several hours as the police maneuvered the crowd of more than 40,000 back to what was thought to be a safe distance; the crews of the two engines jumped off. The two engines, pulling wagons filled with railroad ties, traveled a 4-mile track and thunderously crashed into each other at a combined speed up to 120 mph; the boilers sent steam and flying debris into the crowd. Three people were killed and about six were injured, including event photographer Jarvis "Joe" Deane, who lost an eye because of a flying bolt. Ragtime composer Scott Joplin commemorated the event with "The Great Crush Collision March".
Texas composer and singer Brian Burns wrote and recorded a song about the collision, "The Crash at Crush". In May 17, 2015, motorcycle clubs gathered at the Twin Peaks Restaurant in Waco for a Confederation of Clubs meeting. Upon arrival of a large contingent of the Bandidos Motorcycle Club, mass violence erupted in the parking lot of Twin Peaks between members of the Bandidos and members of the Cossasks Motorcycle Club; this resulted in 9 dead and 18 wounded in the melee between the rival outlaw motorcycle gangs. Twenty-Six bikers still have pending charges in the county's two District Courts. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,060 square miles, of which 1,037 square miles
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States; the system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, the original portion was completed 35 years although some urban routes were cancelled and never built; the network has since been extended. In 2016, it had a total length of 48,181 miles; as of 2016, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion; the United States government's efforts to construct a national network of highways began on an ad hoc basis with the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which provided for $75 million over a five-year period for matching funds to the states for the construction and improvement of highways.
The nation's revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In December 1918, E. J. Mehren, a civil engineer and the editor of Engineering News-Record, presented his "A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan" during a gathering of the State Highway Officials and Highway Industries Association at the Congress Hotel in Chicago. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50,000-mile system, consisting of five east–west routes and 10 north–south routes; the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits. As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921; this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. Moreover, this new legislation for the first time sought to target these funds to the construction of a national road grid of interconnected "primary highways", setting up cooperation among the various state highway planning boards.
The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. In 1922, General John J. Pershing, former head of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during the war, complied by submitting a detailed network of 20,000 miles of interconnected primary highways—the so-called Pershing Map. A boom in road construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s, with such projects as the New York parkway system constructed as part of a new national highway system; as automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such an interconnected national system to supplement the existing non-freeway, United States Numbered Highways system. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways. In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. In 1939, Bureau of Public Roads Division of Information chief Herbert S. Fairbank wrote a report called Toll Roads and Free Roads, "the first formal description of what became the interstate highway system" and, in 1944, the themed Interregional Highways.
The Interstate Highway System gained a champion in President Dwight D. Eisenhower, influenced by his experiences as a young Army officer crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. Eisenhower gained an appreciation of the Reichsautobahn system, the first "national" implementation of modern Germany's Autobahn network, as a necessary component of a national defense system while he was serving as Supreme Commander Of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, he recognized that the proposed system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies and troop deployments in case of an emergency or foreign invasion. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, mapped out what became the Interstate Highway System. Assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956. Three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2, 1956; the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13, 1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding. Kansas claims. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, paving started September 26, 1956; the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways. On October 1, 1940, 162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes. Milestones in the construction of the Interstate Highway System include: October 17, 1974: Nebraska becomes
DeWitt County, Texas
DeWitt County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,097; the county seat is Cuero. The county is named for Green DeWitt, who founded an early colony in Texas. Archeological digs indicate early habitation from the Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers period. Tonkawa, Tamiques, Karankawa. Tawakoni, Lipan Apache and Comanche hunted in the county; the first European visitors to the county are thought to have been Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, his slave Estevanico of the ill-fated 1528 Narváez expedition. French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle is believed to have crossed the county on his way westward from Victoria County. In 1825, empresario Green DeWitt received a grant from the Coahuila y Tejas legislature to settle 400 families. Between 1826 and 1831 settlers arrived from Tennessee, Kentucky and other Southern states. A temporary county government was set up in 1846, with the county seat being Daniel Boone Friar's store at the junction of the La Bahía Road and the Gonzales-Victoria road.
On November 28, 1850, Clinton became the county seat until Cuero became county seat in 1876. Dewitt County voted in favor of secession from the Union, sent several military units to serve. During Reconstruction, the county was occupied by the Fourth Corps, based at Victoria. From April 1866 until December 1868 a subassistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau served at Clinton; the community of Hopkinsville was established in 1872 by Henry Hopkins, freedman former slave of Judge Henry Clay Pleasants, the judge credited for ending the Sutton-Taylor Feud. Residents began a school, active until 1956, established the Antioch Baptist Church; the notorious Sutton–Taylor feud began as a Reconstruction era county law enforcement issue between the Taylor family and lawman William E. Sutton, it involved both the Taylor and Sutton families, the Texas State Police, the Texas Rangers and John Wesley Hardin. The feud, which lasted a decade and cost 35 lives, has been called the longest and bloodiest in Texas history.
April 1, 1866 marked the first cattle drive on the Chisholm Trail, which originated at Cardwell's Flat, near the present Cuero. The coming of the railroads eliminated the need for the Chisholm Trail. Dewitt's first rail line, the Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific, extended to San Antonio; the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway, was the second line in the county. In 1907 the Galveston and San Antonio Railway came through Dewitt. In 1925, the three lines came under the control of the Southern Pacific lines and operated as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad. Passenger service continued until November 1950; the United States Army Air Corps opened Cuero Field, serving 290 cadets, at Cuero Municipal Airport as a pilot flight school in 1941. The school was deactivated in 1944. Cuero and its large turkey growing industry bills itself as the "Turkey Capital of the World"; the turkey industry in Cuero began large scale operations in 1908. Much like ranchers had cattle drives, Cuero poultry growers drove their turkeys down Main Street to the local packing plant.
Each year the crowds grew to watch the sight and sound of upwards of 20,000 turkeys going through town. The first annual Cuero Turkey Trot celebration began in 1912, complete with the "Turkey Trot" dance music of the era. By the 1970s, the event had become a 3-day typical Texas celebration with parades, live entertainment, food booths and street dances. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles, of which 909 square miles is land and 1.5 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 77 Alternate/U. S. Highway 183 State Highway 72 State Highway 119 Lavaca County Victoria County Goliad County Karnes County Gonzales County As of the census of 2000, there were 20,013 people, 7,207 households, 5,131 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 8,756 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.4% White, 11.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races.
27.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German and 6.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 77.2% spoke English, 20.5% Spanish and 1.6% German as their first language. There were 7,207 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,714, the median income for a family was $33,513.
Males had a median income of $27,134 versus $18,370 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,780. About 15.3% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those a
Llano County, Texas
Llano County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,301, its county seat is Llano, the county is named for the Llano River. During the American Civil War, the county was on the frontier, Llano county's soldiers spent more time defending against Indian attacks they did worrying about invading Yankees. In 1869, pioneer rancher John Wesley Snyder led a cattle drive from Llano County along the Chisholm Trail to Abilene, Kansas. In the 1870s, a pioneer community known as Baby Head existed in Llano County. According to local legend, a small child was killed by Native Americans, her remains were left on a hill called Baby Head Mountain. Jodie May McKneely originated the Baby Head Cemetery; the pioneer town no longer exists. However, the cemetery still is still accepting the dead. Peaceful Tonkawa tribe first inhabitants 1842 April 20 - Adelsverein Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres to settle 600 families and single men of German, Swiss, Danish and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein 1845 December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein. 1847 Meusebach–Comanche Treaty Bettina commune, last Adelsverein community in Texas, is established by a group of free thinking intellectuals, named after German liberal Bettina Brentano von Arnim. The community fails within a year due to lack of conflict of authority. 1852 Settlers at Tow and Bluffton on the Colorado River. 1854 May 14–15, The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work. Biesele, R. L.. "The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854". Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. 33: 247–261. 1860 Population 1,101 - 21 slaveholders, 54 slaves 1862 One hundred Llano County volunteers join Major John George Walker Division of the Confederate States Army. 1864, April - A cavalry company is formed in Llano County under Captain Brazeal to defend the area from Indian attacks.
It served under Brig. Gen. John David McAdoo until the war's end, when it disbanded in June 1865. 1873, August 4 - Packsaddle Mountain becomes the site of the region’s last battle with the Indians. The county's farming economy begins to grow. 1892, June 7 - Llano branch of Austin and Northwestern Railroad arrives 1893 Completion of County Courthouse, designed by Austin architect A O Watson 1895 Llano County Jail erected by the Pauly Jail Building and Manufacturing Company of St Louis, MO 1900 Frank Teich establishes the Teich Monument Works 1901 Llano Women's Literary Society organized - 16 charter members 1901 The Victorian style Antlers Hotel, a railroad resort in Kingsland, opened for business. Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize 200 families on the Fisher–Miller Land Grant in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves.
The colonies attempted were Castell, Bettina and Meerholz in Llano County. Of these, only Castell survives; the colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others returned to Germany. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 966 square miles, of which 934 square miles are land and 32 square miles are covered by water. Enchanted Rock, a designated state natural area and popular tourist destination, is located in southern Llano county. Two significant rivers, the Llano and the Colorado, flow through Llano County; these rivers contribute to Lake Buchanan, Inks Lake, Lake Lyndon B. Johnson, which are all located within the county. State Highway 16 State Highway 29 State Highway 71 State Highway 261 San Saba County Burnet County Blanco County Gillespie County Mason County As of the 2000 census, 17,044 people, 7,879 households, 5,365 families resided in the county.
The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 11,829 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.27% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. About 5.13% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. Of the 7,879 households, 16.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.90% were not families. About 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.56. In the county, the population was distributed as 15.90% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 18.40% from 25 to 44, 30.50% from 45 to 64, 30.70% who were 65