FM 500 was designated on July 13, 1945, from SH 16 northwestward 6.5 miles to Fairview. On November 23, 1948, FM 500 extended northwest 4.4 miles. On September 29, 1954, FM 500 extended northwest 4 miles. On August 24, 1955, FM 500 extended west to FM 45, replacing FM 1479.
FM 501 was authorized on July 13, 1945 as a 3.4-mile road between SH 16 in Cherokee and the Salt Branch Road in San Saba County. The road's designation changed to a Ranch to Market Road on October 31, 1957.
Ranch to Market Road 501 is a 35.6-mile Texas Ranch-to-Market road in Mason and San Saba Counties. Beginning at a junction with SH 71 in Pontotoc the road travels north and east to Cherokee then north and east to a junction with FM 580 SW of Bend.
RM 501, which was a 3.4-mile road between SH 16 in Cherokee and the Salt Creek Road in San Saba County, was created on October 31, 1957, as a designation change from FM 501. RM 501 also extended west to Pontotoc, replacing FM 1648, necessitating the change from FM 501 to RM 501. On October 31, 1958, RM 501 extended east 6 miles. On September 27, 1960, the road was extended to a junction with FM 580.
FM 502 was designated on July 14, 1945, from US 377 southeast and east 4 miles to the Milburn Road. On September 24, 1954, FM 502 extended east to the end of FM 2048 at the McCulloch-San Saba County Line. Later that day, FM 2048 was cancelled and combined with FM 502.
FM 503 was designated on July 14, 1945, from US 87 2.5 miles northwest of Melvin northward 7.4 miles to Salt Gap. On November 23, 1948, FM 503 extended north 6.2 miles to Doole. On November 21, 1956, FM 503 extended north 6 miles to Stacy. On September 27, 1960, FM 503 extended north to US 67, replacing FM 566. On May 6, 1964, FM 503 extended north to FM 53 (now SH 153). On May 7, 1974, FM 503 extended north 2.4 miles to its current terminus
FM 504 was designated on July 14, 1945, from US 283 west and south 3.5 miles through Lohn to a point 5 miles east of Pear Valley. On July 21, 1949, FM 504 extended west 2.8 miles. On May 23, 1951, FM 504 extended west 3.2 through Pear Valley to a road intersection. On November 20, 1951, FM 504 extended west 3.1 miles. On December 17, 1952, FM 504 extended west 2 miles to FM 503.
RM 505 lies entirely within Jeff Davis County in the Trans-Pecos region of far West Texas. Intended to provide a link between the county's only two incorporated areas, Valentine and Fort Davis, RM 505 begins at a junction with US 90 south of Valentine and travels about 8.8 miles (14.2 km) east to an intersection with SH 166 approximately 22 miles (35 km) west of Fort Davis.
Farm to Market Road 513 is located in Hunt and Rains counties.
FM 513 was designated on June 25, 1945, from SH 24 (now SH 224) in Commerce via Campbell to US 69 in Lone Oak. On November 23, 1948, FM 513 extended south 5.8 miles. On October 26, 1954, FM 513 extended south to FM 35 (now SH 276), replacing FM 1974. On August 28, 1958, one section was transferred to Spur 178. On May 1, 1965, the section from FM 819 to Spur 178 was transferred to the new SH 50, as well as FM 819 itself.
Farm to Market Road 517 is located in Brazoria and Galveston counties. It runs from SH 6 in Alvin to FM 146.
FM 517 was designated on July 9, 1945, from US 75 at Dickinson east to SH 146 at San Leon, and US 75 at Dickinson west to the Brazoria County line; the Dickinson-Brazoria County line portion was cancelled on January 18, 1946, and the road was extended west to Alta Loma on July 20, 1948 via what was previously FM 517, and what was previously FM 520. On December 17, 1952, the road was extended west to SH 6, and a 4.8-mile section of FM 517 was transferred to FM 646 (this portion was originally planned as FM 520). On October 28, 1953, the road was extended northeast to Edwards Point. On September 21, 1955, the road was extended west from Edwards Point to SH 146, and then west and south via Bacliff to FM 517 on May 2, 1962, creating a loop route; the FM 3436-FM 517 portion was transferred to FM 3436 (partially now FM 646) on January 28, 1982. The final change was on June 27, 1995, when the UR 646-San Leon portion was transferred to UR 517.
Farm to Market Road 518 is located in Brazoria and Galveston counties. It runs from SH 288 to SH 146 (future SH 99).
FM 518 was designated on June 21, 1945, from US 59 (now Alt. US 90) on the south side of Houston south to the Brazoria County line. On July 9, 1945, the road was extended south and east to Kemah via Pearland and League City, but the US 75-Brazoria County line portion was cancelled on January 18, 1946, creating a gap; this gap was closed on January 27, 1949, when a section from League City to the Brazoria County line was added. On January 16, 1968, the eastern terminus was relocated and FM 518 was rerouted, replacing a portion of FM 1266; the old route was renumbered FM 2094. On September 13, 1984, the Alt. US 90-FM 518 portion was transferred to FM 865 and FM 518 was rerouted over FM 3344, which was cancelled; the final change was on June 30, 1995, when the entire route was transferred to UR 518. Retail construction between FM 518 and FM 521 in Pearland is coming soon in the near future. On November 15, 2018 the route was changed back to FM 518.
Farm to Market Road 519 is located in Galveston County. It runs from SH 6 in Hitchcock to Loop 197 (now Spur 197) in Texas City.
FM 519 was designated on July 9, 1945, from Hitchcock to US 75 near La Marque. On November 29, 1990, the road was extended east to Loop 197, replacing SH 341; the final change was on June 17, 1995, when the entire route was transferred to UR 519. On November 15, 2018 the route was changed back to FM 519.
Farm to Market Road 520 is located in Hansford County and Sherman County. It runs from SH 207 near Spearman to FM 1060.
FM 520 was designated on May 23, 1951, from SH 117 (renumbered SH 15 on October 26, 1954, this portion of SH 15 transferred to SH 207 on September 1, 1965) west to McKibben. SH 117 was renumbered SH 15 on October 26, 1954. On September 21, 1955, FM 520 extended west to FM 278 (this section transferred to SH 136 on November 21, 1963). On May 25, 1976, FM 520 extended west to FM 1060, completing its current length.
The first FM 520 was designated on July 9, 1945, from SH 6 at Alta Loma north to FM 517 between Dickinson and Alvin; the route was cancelled on January 13, 1946. FM 517 (now FM 646) was routed over FM 520 in 1948.
Farm to Market Road 521 is located in Southeast Texas. It runs from US 90A in Houston to SH 35 near Palacios. At nearly 95 miles, FM 521 is one of the longest farm-to-market roads in Texas.
FM 521 was designated on July 9, 1945, from SH 36 in Brazoria to SH 35 at Bailey's Prairie. On January 16, 1953, the road was extended southwest and west to SH 60 in Wadsworth, replacing FM 1090, FM 1469 and a portion of FM 524. On September 29, 1954, the road was extended to SH 35 near Palacios, replacing FM 460 and FM 1096. A month later the road was extended northeast to SH 288 (now BS 288-B). On September 21, 1955, the road was rerouted around Wadsworth; the old route was redesignated FM 2078. On October 24, 1956, a 1.3-mile section of FM 521 from Brazoria northeastward was transferred to SH 332. On December 14, 1981, the road was extended over a former routing of SH 288 to US 90A in Houston; the final change came on June 27, 1995, when the UR 2234-US 90A portion was transferred to UR 521. This portion was changed back to FM 521 on November 15, 2018.
Farm to Market Road 523 is located in Brazoria County. it runs from SH 288 in Freeport to FM 521.
FM 523 was designated on July 9, 1945, from SH 288 in Freeport to Stratton Ridge. On July 22, 1949, FM 523 extended to SH 35, replacing FM 1091. On December 4, 1961, the northern terminus in Angleton was relocated. On May 23, 1983, the old location of FM 523 via Downing Street was given to the city of Angleton. On September 29, 1992, FM 523 extended to FM 521, replacing Loop 558 and FM 3507.
Farm to Market Road 524 is located in Brazoria County. It runs from FM 1301 near West Columbia to FM 521.
FM 524 was designated on July 9, 1945, from Brazoria via Sweeny to SH 35. On January 16, 1953, a 6.1-mile section of FM 524 was transferred to FM 521. On June 9, 1958, a section from FM 1301 to SH 35 was added, replacing FM 1089; the final change was on April 29, 2012, when the road was rerouted around the ConocoPhillips facility northwest of Sweeny due to security concerns.
Farm to Market Road 525 is located in Harris County. It runs from I-45 west to I-69/US 59 on the north side of Houston; the road is known locally as Aldine-Bender Road.
FM 525 was designated on June 21, 1945, from US 59, 10 miles north of Houston, west to US 75 (now I-45). On March 1, 1961, the eastern terminus was relocated south to link up with a proposed interchange at Lee Road and US 59. On June 30, 1995, the entire route was transferred to UR 525; the final change was on May 29, 2014, when FM 525 was rerouted back to its 1945 configuration, while the old route following Lee Road was redesignated FM Spur 525 (FS 525). FM 525 was also extended east 0.3 mile to Marine Road. On November 15, 2018 the route was changed back to FM 525.
Farm to Market Road 526 is located in Harris County. It runs from I-10 to US 90 Business; the road is known locally as Maxey Road.
FM 526 was designated on June 21, 1941, as a spur from US 90 northeast of Houston south 6 miles to the Market Street Road. On November 19, 1952, the road was rerouted to end at SH 73 (now I-10). On September 18, 1961, the northern terminus was relocated to a new alignment of US 90, replacing FM 2613; the old route is now Oates Road. The final change came on June 27, 1995, when the entire route was transferred to UR 526; the route was changed back to FM 526 on November 15, 2018.
Farm to Market Road 527 (FM 527) was a designation applied to a highway in Harris County. There is no highway currently using the FM 527 designation.
FM 527 was designated on June 21, 1945, from U.S. Highway 90 (US 90) northeast of Houston, west and north 6 miles (9.7 km) to a point near Dyersdale. This route followed what is now Liberty Road, Houston Road, Fields Street and Mesa Drive. On November 1, 1967, the southern terminus was relocated and FM 527 followed Mesa Drive for the entire route. By district request, FM 527 was canceled on August 23, 1991, and removed from the highway system; the portion from US 90 to the north Houston city limits was returned to the city of Houston; the remaining portion was returned to Harris County.
FM 528 was designated on June 21, 1945, from US 75 (now I‑45) east to SH 146 at Seabrook. On January 16, 1953, the road was extended west to SH 35 (later Loop 409; now BS 35-C) north of Alvin, replacing FM 1461; the section from I-45 east to SH 146 was transferred to NASA Road 1 on January 27, 1965. On June 27, 1995, the route was transferred to UR 528; the final change was on March 25, 2010, when UR 528 was extended southwest to SH 6, however this section remains unbuilt.On November 15, 2018, the route was changed back to FM 528.
FM 529 was designated on June 21, 1945, from US 290, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Houston, west 7 miles (11 km) to an oil field; this route remained unchanged until June 28, 1963, when it was extended west to the Waller County line. On May 6, 1964, the road was again extended west to FM 362. On June 1, 1965, a section from FM 362 west to FM 331 was added. On April 6, 1970, the road was extended to SH 159 at Bellville, replacing a section of FM 331; the final change was on June 27, 1995, when the US 290–SH 99 portion was transferred to UR 529. This portion was changed back to FM 529 on November 15, 2018.
Farm to Market Road 530 is located in Lavaca and Jackson Counties. It runs from US 90A to I-69/US 59 northeast of Edna.
FM 530 was designated on July 9, 1945, from US 90A (then SH 200) southeast 6 miles toward Vienna. On August 26, 1948, FM 530 extended southeast 4.45 miles to Vienna. On January 27, 1950, the road extended southeast 8.4 miles. On May 23, 1951, the road extended southeast 3.2 miles to a road intersection. On November 20, 1951, the road extended southeast to the Lavaca-Jackson County line. On December 17, 1952, FM 530 extended southeast to US 59, replacing FM 719. On July 25, 1960, the northern terminus of FM 530 was relocated.
Farm to Market Road 531 is located in Lavaca County. It runs from US 90A to Ezzell.
FM 531 was designated on July 9, 1945, from what was then Spur 27 at Sweet Home to Koerth. On November 20, 1946, the road was extended to three miles north of US 77, replacing Spur 27 and FM 534; the final change was on July 14, 1949, when the road was extended northwest to SH 200 (now US 90A) and east to its current end, replacing FM 959.
FM 536 was designated on July 9, 1945, from SH 97 (now Loop 181) in Floresville west 6 miles toward Fairview. On December 16, 1948, FM 536 extended west 5.8 miles to Fairview. On December 17, 1952, FM 536 extended west to US 281, replacing FM 1892. On October 23, 1965, FM 536 extended east to US 181 and SH 97, completing its current route.
Farm to Market Road 544 (FM 544), known for most of its length as Parker Road, is a Farm to Market Road in Collin County, Texas that runs from State Highway 121 (SH 121) eastward to west Plano city limits, and from east Plano city limits to SH 78. FM 544 passes through the cities of Plano, Murphy, and Wylie within Denton and Collin Counties; the segment of FM 544 in Plano follows Parker Road, Plano Parkway, Charles Street, Hebron Parkway, Park Boulevard, Coit Road, 15th Street, G Avenue and 14th Street. It was changed to Urban Road 544 (UR 544) on June 27, 1995 by the Texas Department of Transportation, but on November 15, 2018, it was changed back to FM 544.
FM 544 was designated on July 9, 1945 from SH 78 at Wylie to Plano. On November 23, 1948, FM 544 extended west to SH 289 at Shepton. On November 20, 1951, FM 544 extended west to SH 121, replacing FM 1383. On November 24, 1959, FM 544 extended south to the Dallas County Line. On January 6, 1978, the section from FM 544 from FM 3412 south to existing FM 544 was transferred to FM 1378, and the section of FM 544 from FM 1378 to SH 78 was renumbered as FM 3412; the old FM 3412 became a rerouting of FM 544. On October 28, 1987, the section of FM 544 in Plano was given to the city of Plano, creating a gap in the highway. On July 28, 1994, FM 544 extended west from old SH 121 (now FM 2281) to current SH 121. On June 27, 1995, FM 544 was internally designated as UR 544. On August 31, 2000, the section of FM 544 from SH 78 to the Dallas County line was removed from the state highway system and given to the city of Wylie. On November 15, 2018, UR 544 was changed back to FM 544.
Farm to Market Road 547 begins at an intersection with Farm to Market Road 6 in Nevada. The highway runs north along Moore Street to County Road 850 and turns to the west. FM 547 runs west until Farm to Market Road 1778 and turns back to the north. FM 547 ends at an intersection with U.S. Route 380 just east of Farmersville.
FM 547 was designated on July 9, 1945 on its current route.
FM 549 was designated on July 9, 1945, from US 67 (this section was redesignated as part of FM 7 on July 16, 1957, and FM 7 was redesignated as SH 66 on November 30, 1961) to SH 205. On June 1, 1965, FM 549 extended southwest to FM 740. On May 25, 1976, FM 549 extended north to FM 552. On September 24, 2009, the section from I-30 to SH 276 was given to the city of Rockwall, so the section north of I-30 was renumbered FM 3549.
FM 550 was designated on July 9, 1945, from Rockwall, southward via Heath to SH 205. On November 4, 1955, the section north of FM 740 was transferred to FM 740, and FM 550 replaced a section of FM 548 northeast to FM 1143. On November 26, 1969, FM 1143 was cancelled and transferred to SH 276.
The first FM 553 was designated on July 13, 1945, from SH 154, 1 mile west of Gilmer, northwest to Enon. On November 23, 1948, the road was extended to Grice. FM 553 was cancelled on June 19, 1967, and combined with FM 852, it was not signed as FM 852 until January 1, 1968.
The first FM 554 was designated on July 13, 1945, from SH 154 just west of Gilmer southwest to Latch. On November 20, 1961, the road was extended to FM 1002. FM 554 was cancelled on August 3, 1971, and transferred to FM 49 and FM 1795.
Farm to Market Road 562 is located in Chambers County. It runs from SH 61/SH 65 south 10 miles, then southwest 15.9 miles to Smith Point.
FM 562 was designated on July 9, 1945, from the junction of SH 61 and SH 73T (now SH 65) south 10 miles to 2.6 miles south of Double Bayou. The only change was on January 27, 1950, when the road was extended southwest to Smith Point.
The original FM 564 was designated on July 9, 1945, from Anahuac south 4.1 miles (6.6 km) to Scherer. On September 27, 1960, FM 564 was relocated to the road from SH 61 & FM 563 southward 4.0 miles (6.4 km). Construction on the new road was completed by April 10, 1965, which is the day that the old route of FM 564 was removed from the state highway system; it is now Main Street. FM 564 was cancelled on April 15, 1965, and mileage was transferred to FM 563.
The next use of the FM 564 designation was on July 11, 1968, from US 69 northwest of Mineola south to US 80. On February 1, 1973, the road was extended around the city back to its northern terminus, forming a loop. FM 564 was cancelled on March 25, 2010, and transferred to Loop 564. Construction still has not been completed.
Farm to Market Road 565 is located in Chambers County. It runs from Loop 207 in Mont Belvieu to SH 146 in Baytown.
FM 565 was designated on July 9, 1945, from Mont Belvieu to 2 miles southeast of Winfree; the only change was on November 23, 1948, when the road was extended to SH 146 in Baytown. An extension from Loop 207 west to SH 146 will open soon, as traffic lights have been set up.
The first FM 566 was designated on July 18, 1945, from US 67 in Valera south 6.2 miles to West Road 3.5 miles north of Voss. On July 15, 1949, the road was extended south 3.5 miles to Voss. On December 17, 1952, the road was extended south 4.3 miles to a road intersection. On April 25, 1960, the northern terminus was relocated. FM 566 was cancelled on October 14, 1960, and transferred to FM 503.
Farm to Market Road 568 is located in Coleman County. It runs from SH 206 in Coleman to an intersection with County Roads 127 and 134.
FM 568 was designated on July 18, 1945, from US 84, 2 miles southeast of Coleman, east 4.5 miles to an intersection with Echo Road. The route description was changed on August 4, 1945 to go from US 84 east and south 4.5 miles. On January 27, 1948 the route was changed to go from US 84, 2.5 miles southeast of Coleman, east 5.3 miles. On November 23, 1948, the road was extended south to US 67/US 84 near Santa Anna; this section was renumbered as FM 1176 on April 13, 1949. On October 16, 1951, the road was extended east and northeast 3.6 miles to a road intersection, and extended northeast another 2.2 miles to a second road intersection on November 20, 1951. On October 24, 1955, the road was extended to SH 206, replacing Loop 175 (formerly SH 359).
Farm to Market Road 577 is located in Washington County. It runs from SH 36, northwest of Brenham, east and southeast to US 290, southeast of Brenham, forming a partial loop, it is known locally as Gun and Rod Road and Blue Bell Road. Blue Bell Creameries is located on this road.
FM 577 was designated on October 31, 1957, from SH 36 (now BS 36-J) at Horton Street east to SH 90 (now SH 105). On June 28, 1963, the road was extended southeast to US 290. On July 25, 1993, the road was extended west to SH 36, bringing the highway to its current configuration.
The first FM 577 was designated on July 21, 1945, from US 180, 4 miles east of Breckenridge southeast 8.5 miles to Necessity. On November 23, 1948, the road was extended southeast 2.7 miles, then southeast and east another 2.4 miles on July 15, 1949, and finally east 3.6 miles to FM 717 on September 15, 1955. FM 577 was cancelled on March 27, 1957, and transferred to FM 207.
The first use of the FM 579 designation was in Stephens County, from SH 67, 9 miles south of Breckenridge, east 4.5 miles to the Wayland/Necessity Road. FM 579 was cancelled on August 1, 1947, and mileage was used by an extension of FM 701.
The second use of the FM 579 designation was in Floyd County on May 23, 1951, from US 62, 3 miles south of Floydada west 4.1 miles to a road intersection. On November 20, 1951, the road was extended west to FM 784 (now FM 378). A portion from FM 789 east to FM 378 was added on December 21, 1959, replacing a portion of FM 784 and creating a concurrency at FM 378. A section from FM 400 east to FM 789 was added on July 11, 1968, creating a concurrency at FM 789. FM 579 was cancelled on September 19, 1968, and combined with FM 37.
Farm to Market Road 582 is located in Zavala County. It runs from FM 65 in Crystal City to FM 395. FM 582 is known locally as Lake Street, South 7th Avenue and Rock Quarry Road in Crystal City.
FM 582 was designated on October 31, 1958, from FM 65 at Crystal City east to FM 395 as a replacement of a section of FM 395 (which was rerouted on a new road to the south). On May 20, 1961, the road was extended east, north and west to FM 395; the final change was on August 1, 1962, when a section of FM 582 between FM 65 and FM 1433 was relocated to follow Lake Street, creating a concurrency with FM 1433.
The original FM 582 was designated on July 14, 1945, from US 190 in Lampasas northeast 8 miles to the Copperas Cove Road. On November 23, 1948, the road was extended northeast 4.8 miles to Rumley. On July 15, 1949, the road was extended northeast 5 miles to a road intersection near the Coryell County line. On October 26, 1954, the road was extended 1.6 miles northeast to FM 1113 at Topsey. FM 582 was cancelled on March 27, 1957, and transferred to FM 580.
Ranch to Market Road 584 is located in Tom Green County. The highway was designated on November 24, 1959, running from Loop 306 northeast to Avenue N in San Angelo. On June 28, 1963, the highway was extended southwest 4.9 miles. On November 26, 1969, RM 584's northern terminus was relocated from Avenue N to US 87 along Avenue Q and Knickerbocker Road. On May 25, 1976, the highway was extended southwestward and soutweastward to US 277. On June 27, 1995, the section of RM 584 from County Road 225 to US 87/US 277 was transferred to Urban Road 584. On November 15, 2018 this section was changed back to RM 584.
RM 584 begins at an intersection with US 277 south of San Angelo; the highway runs west for approximately a mile before turning northwest. RM 584 passes near San Angelo Regional Airport before crossing Lake Nasworthy and entering the city limits of San Angelo. In San Angelo, RM 584 is known locally as Knickerbocker Road and runs through the city's south side. Between Lake Nasworthy and Loop 306, the highway runs by many subdivisions before passing a major retail center just north of Loop 306. North of Loop 306, RM 584 runs just south of Angelo State University before ending at an intersection with US 87/US 277.
FM 584 was designated on July 16, 1945, from US 84 in Zephyr northeast 3.5 miles to a road near Dry Blanket Creek in Brown County. On May 23, 1951, FM 584 was extended northeast 4.9 miles to the Comanche County line. FM 584 was cancelled on November 20, 1951, and combined with FM 590.
The first use of FM 594 was in Hale County on July 9, 1945, from FM 54, 8 miles west of US 87, northward 7.5 miles to Cotton Center. A portion from US 70, 2 miles west of Halfway southward 9 miles to a road intersection was added on April 4, 1949, replacing FM 1069 and creating a gap; this gap was closed on November 20, 1951. FM 594 was cancelled on August 20, 1964, and transferred to FM 179.
The next use of the FM 594 designation was in Floyd County, from US 70 in Floydada east 0.9 miles along Price Street to SH 207. This second use was short-lived, as FM 594 was combined with FM 784 just three months later, though this FM 594 was not cancelled until it was built.
The third use of the FM 594 designation was in Bell County, from US 190, 1 mile west of I-35, south and east two miles to I-35 at Loop 121. FM 594 was cancelled on October 11, 1978, and combined with Loop 121.
The first FM 598 was designated on July 21, 1945, from SH 86, 7 miles west of Silverton, south 6 miles. Between May 7 and June 2, 1948, an 11.3 mile section from Lockney north to Lone Star School was added, replacing FM 787 and creating a gap. The northern portion was extended south 2 miles on July 14, 1949, and the gap was closed on December 17, 1952. On October 31, 1958, the road was extended to Loop 75 in Lockney. FM 598 was cancelled on December 21, 1959, and transferred to FM 378.
Mason County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. At the 2010 census, its population was 4,012, its county seat is Mason. The county is named for Fort Mason, located in the county. Original inhabitants Lipan Apache, Comanches 1847 Meusebach–Comanche Treaty 1851, July 6 – Fort Mason is established. 1858, January 22 – Mason County, named for Fort Mason, is established by an act of Texas state legislature. First post offices are established. 1860 Population of 630 includes 18 slaves. 1861February – County, spurred in part by anti-slavery sentiments of German residents, overwhelmingly votes against secession from the Union. March – Fort Mason surrendered to the Confederacy, who leave it vacant and thereby cause an uptick in Indian attacks on the area. May 20 – Voters select town of Mason as County Seat.1866–1868 Federal troops occupy Fort Mason, only to abandon it. 1869 Courthouse and jail are erected. 1870 May 16 – Herman Lehmann and brother Willie are captured by Apaches, but Willie escapes within days.
1870–1898 The county had four women homesteaders: Louisa J. Hendryx, Mahala Hunnicutt, Sarah E. Morris and Priscilla Sparks 1875–1877County’s first newspaper begins publication. Hoo Doo War over cattle rustling. Most famous participant in the war is Johnny Ringo, who on September 1875, kills James Cheyney. Courthouse fire destroys all records.1878, May 12 – Herman Lehmann, escorted by soldiers returns to his family. 1880s Manganese is discovered. Wakefield Company opens Spiller mines. Iron ore is discovered. Prospecting begins for gold and coal. 1882–83Hereford cattle are introduced into the county. Provisions made for county wide road work. 1887 The county petitions for state aid for needy residents. 1897, May 27 – John O. Meusebach dies at his farm at Loyal Valley, is buried in the Marschall Meusebach Cemetery at Cherry Spring. 1890s County places a bounty on wolves and mountain lions. 1902 Mason installs its first telephone in the county judge's office. 1913 County hires an agricultural agent. 1918 October 3 – Eighteen months after United States Congress declares war on Germany, the Mason County Council of Defense draws up resolution to abandon the use of the German language in the county.
The majority of County residents are of German heritage. 1919 First oil and gas lease in the county. Construction begins on the Mason County section of the Puget Sound-to-the-Gulf Highway. 1920s Radios come to Mason County. 1938 Pedernales Electric Cooperative is formed to provide rural electrification. Mason County joins in June. 1946 Local soil-conservation board organized. County schools consolidated. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles, of which 929 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 377 State Highway 29 State Highway 71McCulloch CountySan Saba CountyLlano CountyGillespie CountyKimble CountyMenard County At the 2000 census, there were 3,738 people, 1,607 households and 1,110 families residing in the county; the population density was 4 per square mile. There were 2,372 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.60% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.75% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races.
20.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,607 households of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83. 22.40% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 20.70% from 25 to 44, 28.80% from 45 to 64, 23.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males. The median household income was $30,921 and the median family income was $39,360. Males had a median income of $28,125 compared with $20,000 for females; the per capita income was $20,931. About 10.10% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.
In the United States, a farm-to-market road or ranch-to-market road is a state road or county road that connects rural or agricultural areas to market towns. These are better quality roads a highway, that farmers and ranchers use to transport products to market towns or distribution centers. In the state of Texas, the terms Farm to Market Road and Ranch to Market Road indicate roadways that are part of the state's system of secondary and connecting routes and maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation. Texas established this system in 1949 to improve access to rural areas; the system consists of paved two-lane roads, though some segments have more lanes and some are considered freeways. These roads are signed with route markers that contain the words FARM ROAD or RANCH ROAD, but the formal name is Farm to Market Road and Ranch to Market Road; the only road that explicitly uses the name Ranch Road is Ranch Road 1, which runs near the former ranch home of former President Lyndon B. Johnson.
As with other state-maintained highways in Texas, all Farm or Ranch to Market roads are paved. Speed limits along these roads vary, but may be as high as 75 mph in rural areas, such as in Andrews and Pecos counties; the first farm-to-market road in Texas was completed in January 1937 during the Great Depression. It connected the former community of Shiloh in Rusk County; the route was 5.8 miles long and was constructed at a cost of $48,015.12. This route is now part of Texas State Highway 315; the first highway designated as FM 1 was authorized in 1941, connecting US 96 near Pineland to a sawmill belonging to the Temple Lumber Company. In 1945, the highway commission authorized a three-year pilot program for the construction of 7,205 miles of farm-to-market roadways, with cost to be shared by the state and federal governments; as the program grew, efforts were made by legislators from rural areas, including State Senator Grady Hazlewood of Amarillo, to expand the farm-to-market road network in the late 1940s.
The funding was to have come from an increase in the fuel tax, as proposed by State Senator Grover Morris in 1947. The popularity of the program and the perceived need to connect the vast, isolated central and western areas of the state prompted the passing of the Colson-Briscoe Act in 1949, sponsored by State Senator E. Neveille Colson and State Representative Dolph Briscoe; this legislation appropriated funding for the creation of an extensive system of secondary roads to provide access to the rural areas of the state and to allow farmers and ranchers to bring their goods to market, reserving a flat $15 million per year plus 1 cent per gallon of gasoline sold in the state for local highway construction. In 1962, the Texas legislature inflation adjusted this amount to $23 million annually, through federal fund matching, expanded the farm-to-market system from 35,000 to 50,000 miles; the system now accounts for over half of the mileage in the Texas Department of Transportation system. Signs designating a Farm to Market or Ranch to Market road are a black square background containing a white shape of the state of Texas, with the words "FARM ROAD" or "RANCH ROAD" appearing in white text on the background and the route number in black text within the shape of Texas.
Guide signs designating these roads use a simple white rectangle with the abbreviation "F. M." or "R. M." and the route number appearing below the abbreviation in black text. As a result of population growth and the expansion of urban areas, many Farm to Market and Ranch to Market roads that served rural areas now serve urban areas, sometimes exclusively. An effort was made to rename such roads "Urban Roads" on June 27, 1995, but residents opposed the effort, arguing that removing the "Farm" and "Ranch" from the designations was "un-Texan," and that the cost of changing signage was not justified. Other than a few route markers, such as on FM 1315 near Victoria, most signs were not changed, TxDOT abandoned the idea to do so. However, though the Farm to Market and Ranch to Market designations remain in place on route signage, the state does continue to track these urban roads separately in its highway designation files. For example, the mileage of FM 544 in the Plano area was transferred from FM 544 to UR 544 in 1995.
As part of the state highway system, Urban Roads are eligible for state maintenance. On November 15, 2018, TXDOT changed all urban roads back to their previous RM designations; the only part of the government or public that used "Urban Roads" from 1995-2018 was the internal highway database system used by TXDOT workers due to the 1995 order. The original 1995 order was rescinded by Minute Order 115371. Roads like UR 544 have been redesignated as FM 544 in the database. Farm to Market and Ranch to Market roads are numbered as a single set of roads. There is not an RM with the same route number. Urban Roads are designated with the same route number as the FM or RM from which the mileage was transferred. Texas has two signed business routes of Farm to Market Roads: Business RM 1431 in Burnet County, Business FM 1960 in Harris County; these routes are former alignments. A third business Farm to Market Road, Busines
U. S. Route 90 is a major east-west highway in the U. S. state of Texas with large portions of it running concurrently with I-10. US 90 begins at I-10 in Van Horn, travels through San Antonio and Houston, continues on into the state of Louisiana. US 90 begins in Van Horn at an intersection with I-10 and SH 54. US 90 travels in a southeastern direction towards Marfa where it starts an overlap with US 67. US 90 runs parallel to the US-Mexico Border near the Rio Grande. US 90 crosses the Amistad Reservoir runs through Del Rio. US 90 runs east towards Brackettville. US 90 runs through Medina counties. US 90 arrives in San Antonio where it serves as a major freeway. Multiple stack interchanges are under construction to gain access in and out of the freeway along the intersections at Loop 1604 and I-410. Further, the highway has a major junction with TX-151 as it continues eastward towards the city's inner Westside until its interchange with I-10 and I-35 at the southwest corner of Downtown. East of Downtown San Antonio, US 90 multiplexes with I-10.
This overlap ends in Seguin, continues where the two highways continually cross each other en route to Houston. US 90 once again duplexes with I-10 east of Columbus separating near Brookshire and continue overlapping from Katy all the way to Houston. At I-610 east of Houston, US 90 becomes independently known as the Crosby Freeway; the Crosby Freeway from east of Beltway 8 to east of Runneburg Road in Crosby, was constructed in the early 1990s and opened to traffic in 1992. After several delays, construction work on the inner section of the freeway began in 2006 and was opened to traffic in January 2011; the western terminus of the Crosby Freeway connects to the I-610 and I-10 interchange via two freeway ramps: a ramp from westbound Crosby Freeway, joining an exit ramp from westbound I-10 to enter southbound I-610 a newly constructed two-lane exit ramp from eastbound I-10 connecting to eastbound Crosby Freeway. The previous interchange was a four-level stack interchange though the new interchange is not a full five-level stack.
Because of funding constraints, two sections of the freeway inside Beltway 8 were not built to full freeway standards: a half-mile section over Greens Bayou and an mile-long section east of Normandy Street. As of December 2012, only the feeder roads have been constructed, with space reserved in the median for future freeway mainlanes. Unlike most new freeway extensions in the Houston area built in recent decades, the Crosby Freeway is not tolled. Unlike most of Houston's existing freeways and tollways, the Crosby Freeway does not have continuous feeder roads; the Crosby Freeway has four to six mainlanes for its entire length. The US 90 ends its freeway status in Crosby. US 90 continues traveling east through Beaumont and once again duplexes with I-10, it passes through Orange, until crossing the Sabine River into Louisiana towards Lake Charles. With the exception of a 13-mile-long section with only two lanes between Ames and Nome, US 90 has at least four lanes between Crosby and the Louisiana border.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U. S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated that Cherokees may wish to become citizens of the United States; the Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 tribal members, making it the largest of the 567 federally recognized tribes in the United States. In addition, numerous groups claim Cherokee lineage, some of these are state-recognized. A total of more than 819,000 people are estimated to claim having Cherokee ancestry on the US census, which includes persons who are not enrolled members of any tribe. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the UKB have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma; the UKB are descendants of "Old Settlers", Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817 prior to Indian Removal. They are related to the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act; the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina.
A Cherokee language name for Cherokee people is Aniyvwiyaʔi, translating as "Principal People". Tsalagi is the Cherokee word for Cherokee. Many theories, though none proven, abound about the origin of the name "Cherokee", it may have been derived from the Choctaw word Cha-la-kee, which means "people who live in the mountains", or Choctaw Chi-luk-ik-bi, meaning "people who live in the cave country". The earliest Spanish transliteration of the name, from 1755, is recorded as Tchalaquei. Another theory is; the IroquoisFive Nations based in New York have called the Cherokee Oyata'ge'ronoñ. The word Cherokee means “people of different speech.” Anthropologists and historians have two main theories of Cherokee origins. One is that the Cherokee, an Iroquoian-speaking people, are relative latecomers to Southern Appalachia, who may have migrated in late prehistoric times from northern areas around the Great Lakes, the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee nations and other Iroquoian-speaking peoples.
Another theory is. Researchers in the 19th century recorded conversations with elders who recounted an oral tradition of the Cherokee people migrating south from the Great Lakes region in ancient times, they may have moved south into Muscogee Creek territory and settled at the sites of mounds built by the Mississippian culture and earlier moundbuilders. In the 19th century, European-American settlers mistakenly attributed several Mississippian culture sites in Georgia to the Cherokee, including Moundville and Etowah Mounds. However, other evidence shows that the Cherokee did not reach this part of Georgia until the late 18th century and could not have built the mounds; the Connestee people, believed to be ancestors of the Cherokee, occupied western North Carolina circa 200 to 600 CE. Pre-contact Cherokee are considered to be part of the Pisgah Phase of Southern Appalachia, which lasted from circa 1000 to 1500. Despite the consensus among most specialists in Southeast archeology and anthropology, some scholars contend that ancestors of the Cherokee people lived in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee for a far longer period of time.
During the late Archaic and Woodland Period, Native Americans in the region began to cultivate plants such as marsh elder, pigweed and some native squash. People created new art forms such as shell gorgets, adopted new technologies, developed an elaborate cycle of religious ceremonies. During the Mississippian culture-period, local women developed a new variety of maize called eastern flint corn, it resembled modern corn and produced larger crops. The successful cultivation of corn surpluses allowed the rise of larger, more complex chiefdoms consisting of several villages and concentrated populations during this period. Corn became celebrated among numerous peoples in religious ceremonies the Green Corn Ceremony. Much of what is known about pre-18th-century Native American cultures has come from records of Spanish expeditions; the earliest ones of the mid-16th-century encountered people of the Mississippian culture, the ancestors to tribes in the Southeast such as
Fairview is a town in Collin County, United States. It is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area; as of the 2010 census, the town population was 7,248. The estimated population in 2014 was 8,361; the town is adjacent to the 289-acre Heard Wildlife Sanctuary. A petition to request an incorporation election for Fairview was submitted to the county judge and commissioners' court on April 21, 1958, following an election on May 7, 1958, count of all 50 ballots, the town was incorporated, ordered by Collin County Judge W. E. Button. Fairview is located just southwest of the geographic center of Collin County at 33°08′54″N 96°37′11″W, it is bordered by McKinney, the county seat, to the north, by Allen to the west and south, by Lucas to the southeast. Wilson Creek, a tributary of the East Fork Trinity River, forms part of the northeastern boundary. According to the United States Census Bureau, Fairview has a total area of 8.7 square miles, of which 0.02 square miles, or 0.20%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,248 people, 2,841 households, 2,266 families residing in the town.
The population density was 823.6 people per square mile. There were 3,140 housing units at an average density of 356.8/sq. Mi; the racial makeup of the town was 88.25% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 4.26% Asian, 1.63% from other races, 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.21% of the population. There were 2,841 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.9% were married couples living together, 3.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.2% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.89. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 5.3% from 25 to 34, 19.3% from 35 to 49, 24.5% from 50 to 64, 24.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
U. S. Route 283 is a spur of U. S. Route 83, it runs for 731 miles from Brady, Texas at U. S. Route 87 to Lexington, Nebraska at U. S. Route 30, it passes through the states of Texas, Oklahoma and Nebraska. This route went southeast from Albany via Cisco, Rising Star, Brownwood to end at Brady. In 1951, this route became US 380, US 183, US 377, it was rerouted to its current routing between Albany and Brady in 1951, replacing the old route of US 183. US-283 enters Oklahoma from Texas in rural Jackson County at a crossing of the Red River, it runs concurrently with State Highway 5 for several miles past Elmer and continues north to Altus, the largest Oklahoma town on the route. At the intersection of U. S. Highway 62 in Altus, SH-5 splits off and 283 joins with State Highway 6 for the next 12 miles before it takes a western bend to the town of Mangum; the route continues northwesterly. Through northwestern Oklahoma, US-283 passes through sparsely populated areas and is the main north–south traffic corridor.
After passing through Cheyenne, 283 meanders through Black Kettle National Grassland crosses the Canadian River. It continues north to Arnett where it joins with State Highway 51 west for 7 miles turns north again passing through Shattuck and Laverne following part of State Highway 15 along the way. North of Laverne, 283 turns west for 2 miles to visit the town of Rosston turns north again to cross the Cimarron River shortly before leaving the state for Kansas; some points of interest along US-283 in Oklahoma include the Museum of the Western Prairie in Altus. US-283 enters from Oklahoma south of Englewood in Clark County, passes through unpopulated areas of the county until joining up for a brief concurrency with U. S. Route 160. Following the split, US-283 continues north through Minneola before making its way into Dodge City, the only town with a population of more than 3,300 the highway passes through in the Sunflower State. At Dodge City, US-283 jogs east, it meets with U. S. Route 400. After passing the airport, the route bends northeast before joining U.
S. Route 50 and U. S. Route 56 for a brief stint. US-50 and US-56 split east towards Kinsley, US-283 resumes a due northerly course through open fields before reaching Jetmore, where K-156 crosses in an east–west direction. K-156 heads to Garden City westbound and Great Bend eastbound; the highway continues on another stretch through sparsely populated farmland before reaching Ness City and K-96, the first of two junctions in Ness County. The other junction in the county is at K-4 near Ransom; the highway reaches Interstate 70 in WaKeeney, makes a brief jog east through downtown WaKeeney before turning back to the north. US-283 between Ransom and I-70 was closed for much of 2006 as part of a major reconstruction program; the highway continues north to Hill City, where it crosses U. S. Route 24; the route stays on course until it reaches southern Norton County, where it has a brief concurrency with K-9. At the split, K-9 continues west to Lenora, US-283 resumes a straight northerly direction until the city of Norton, where after crossing U.
S. Route 36, it reaches Nebraska 11 miles later. With the exception of small sections in Dodge City, all portions of US-283 in Kansas are two-laned. U. S. Highway 283 enters Nebraska south of Arapahoe. At Arapahoe, US 283 meets U. S. Highway 6 and U. S. Highway 34, it continues north through Elwood turns northeast. Near Lexington, US 283 crosses the Platte River and intersects Interstate 80, it continues north into Lexington as a divided highway, turns back to a 2 lane road, crosses the Union Pacific railroad tracks via an overpass, after taking 2 right turns on city streets, it ends at an intersection with U. S. Highway 30. Texas US 87 northwest of Brady US 67 / US 84 in Santa Anna. US 67/US 283 travels concurrently through Santa Anna. US 84/US 283 travels concurrently to Coleman. I‑20 in Baird US 180 in Albany; the highways travel concurrently through Albany. US 183 south of Throckmorton; the highways travel concurrently to Vernon. US 380 in Throckmorton US 277 south-southwest of Seymour; the highways travel concurrently to Mabelle.
US 82 north-northeast of Seymour. The highways travel concurrently to Mabelle. US 70 / US 183 / US 287 in Vernon Oklahoma US 62 in Altus I‑40 in Sayre US 60 east of Arnett; the highways travel concurrently to west of Arnett. US 270 / US 412 south-southeast of Laverne US 64 east of Rosston; the highways travel concurrently to northwest of Rosston. Kansas US 160 north of Englewood; the highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Minneola. US 54 in Minneola US 56 / US 400 south of Dodge City. US 56/US 283 travels concurrently to. US 283/US 400 travels concurrently to Dodge City. US 50 east-northeast of Dodge City; the highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Wright. I‑70 / US 40 in WaKeeney US 24 in Hill City US 36 in Norton Nebraska US 6 / US 34 in Arapahoe I‑80 south of Lexington US 30 in Lexington Endpoints of U. S. Highway 283