# List of French scientists

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This is a list of notable French scientists.

## Contents

## A–F[edit]

- José Achache, geophysicist and ecologist
- Jean le Rond d'Alembert, mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher
- Claude Allègre, geochemist
- André-Marie Ampère, physicist and mathematician
- Françoise Ardré, phycologist, marine scientist
- Louis Bachelier, mathematician
- Antoine Jérôme Balard, chemist
- Pierre-Dominique Bazaine, mathematician and engineer
- Antoine César Becquerel, electrochemist
- A.E. Becquerel, physicist
- Henri Becquerel, physicist and Nobel laureate
- Jean Becquerel, physicist
- Jacques Benveniste, immunologist
- Claude Bernard, physiologist
- Marcellin Berthelot, chemist
- Julien Bessières, physician, diplomat, and member of the Commission des Sciences et des Arts
- Jean Bosler, astronomer
- Claude Bourgelat, veterinary surgeon
- Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, chemist
- Gerard Brachet, space scientist
- Paul Broca, physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist
- Bernard Brunhes, physicist
- Bernard Cabane, physicist
- Pierre Jean George Cabanis, physiologist
- Albert Calmette, physician, bacteriologist and immunologist
- Georges Canguilhem, physician and philosopher
- Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, physicist and military engineer
- Henri Cartan, mathematician
- Augustin-Louis Cauchy, mathematician and physicist
- Jean-François Champollion, philologist
- Georges Charpak, physicist, Nobel prize winner 1992
- Georges Charpy
- Albert Châtelet
- Émilie du Châtelet
- Jean Mathieu de Chazelles
- Michel Che
- Charles Pierre Claret de Fleurieu
- Alain Connes, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1982
- Louis Costaz
- Louis Couffignal
- Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, physicist
- Jean Courtial, physician and polytechnitian
- Vincent Courtillot
- Philippe Cousteau
- Jean-Marie-Joseph Coutelle
- Adam de Craponne, engineer who implemented the Canal de Craponne in 1559
- Jean Cruveilhier
- Marie Curie, physicist and chemist
- Pierre Curie, physicist and chemist
- Georges Cuvier
- Thomas-François Dalibard
- Henry Darcy
- Raymond Daudel
- Jean Dausset, biologist, Nobel prize winner 1980
- André-Louis Debierne, chemist
- Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, mathematician and astronomer
- John Theophilus Desaguliers
- Guillaume Delisle, cartographer
- Girard Desargues, mathematician
- René Descartes, scientist and philosopher
- Robert Debré, physician
- Maurice Dongier
- Georges Duby, historian
- Jean-Baptiste du Hamel
- Émilien Dumas, paleontologist, and geologist
- Jean-Baptiste Dumas
- Charles François Dupuis
- Pierre Fauchard, dentist
- Hervé Faye, astronomer
- Pierre de Fermat, mathematician
- Louis Feuillée
- Bernard Foing
- Pierre Fourmanoir, ichthyologist
- Joseph Fourier, mathematician and physicist
- François Fresneau
- Augustin-Jean Fresnel, physicist

## G–M[edit]

- Pierre Gassendi, philosopher and mathematician
- Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, physicist, Nobel prize winner 1991
- Christophe Gadbled
- Évariste Galois, mathematician
- Vladimir Gavreau
- André Gernez
- Paul Gervais
- Jacques Géry, ichthyologist
- Mirko Grmek
- Camille Guérin, biologist
- Alexander Grothendieck, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1966 (German-born)
- Joseph-Ignace Guillotin
- André Guinier
- Jacques Hadamard, mathematician
- Charles Hermite, mathematician
- François Jacob, biologist, Nobel prize winner 1965
- Charles Janet
- Irène Joliot-Curie, physicist and Nobel Prize winner
- Frédéric Joliot-Curie, physicist, Nobel Prize winner 1935
- Jean Jouzel
- Gaston Julia, mathematician
- Étienne Hubert d'Orléans, Arabist
- Nicole El Karoui, mathematician
- Corentin Louis Kervran
- Robert Kühner, mycologist
- Yves Lacoste, geographer and geopolitician
- Laurent Lafforgue, mathematician; Fields Medalist 2002
- Frédéric de Lafresnaye
- Joseph Louis Lagrange, mathematician
- Jean Laherrère, consultant and petroleum engineer
- Claude François Lallemand
- Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
- Paul Langevin, physicist
- Pierre-Simon Laplace, mathematician and physicist
- Lucien Laubier
- René Lavocat, paleontologist
- Antoine Lavoisier
- Jean-Marie Lehn, chemist, Nobel prize winner in 1987
- Xavier Le Pichon
- Jean-Marc Lévy-Leblond, physicist
- Claude Lévi-Strauss, anthropologist
- Arnoult de Lisle, Arabist and physician
- Pierre-Louis Lions, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1994
- Edmond Locard, pioneer of forensic science
- André Lwoff, biologist, Nobel prize winner 1965
- Charles Madic
- Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan
- Ernest-François Mallard
- Benoit Mandelbrot, mathematician
- Jacques Masquelier, phytochemist
- Albert Mathiez, historian
- Pierre Louis Maupertuis
- Prosper Ménière
- Marin Mersenne, mathematician
- Michel Meslin
- André Michaux, botanist and explorer
- François André Michaux, botanist
- Jean-Louis Michel, oceanographer and engineer
- Jules Michelet, historian
- Alphonse Milne-Edwards
- Abraham de Moivre, mathematician
- Jacques Monod, biologist, Nobel prize winner 1965
- Théodore Monod, naturalist and theologian
- Henri Louis Habert de Montmor
- Gabriel Mouton
- Henri Mouton

## N–Z[edit]

- Adolphe-Simon Neboux, surgeon and naturalist
- Louis Néel, physicist, Nobel Prize winner 1970
- Jean de Noailles, chemist
- Jean-Baptiste Noulet, archaeologist
- Henri Padé, mathematician
- Paul Painlevé, mathematician
- Denis Papin, physicist, mathematician, and inventor
- Blaise Pascal, mathematician and philosopher
- Étienne Pascal, mathematician
- Louis Pasteur, microbiologist and chemist
- Jean Pecquet, psychologist
- Jean-Pierre Petit, astrophysicist and mathematician
- Jean Robert Petit, paleoclimatologist
- André Pichot, geneticist
- Alphonse Pinart, philologist
- Gilles Pisier, mathematician
- Hippolyte Pixii, inventor
- Henri Poincaré, mathematician and physicist
- Lucien Poincaré, physicist
- Siméon Poisson, mathematician and physicist
- Pierre Poivre
- Albéric Pont, dentist and pioneer in maxillofacial surgery
- Alberte Pullman
- Bernard Pullman
- Lucien Quélet
- Petrus Ramus, mathematician and logician
- Louis-Antoine Ranvier
- René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur
- Jean-Baptiste Robinet
- Paul Rohmer, physician
- Michel Rolle, mathematician
- Henri Romagnesi, mycologist
- Joël de Rosnay
- Jean Rostand, biologist and philosopher
- Louis Rougier, mathematician, physicist, and philosopher
- Nicolas Sarrabat
- Henri Émile Sauvage, ichthyologist, paleontologist, and herpetologist
- Schlumberger brothers (Conrad Schlumberger and Marcel Schlumberger)
- Laurent Schwartz, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1950
- Laurent Schwartz, oncologist
- Géraud Sénizergues, computer scientist and 2002 Gödel Prize recipient.
- Jean-Pierre Serre, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1954
- Célestin Sieur, physician
- Albert Soboul, historian
- Jules Tannery, mathematician
- Auguste Ambroise Tardieu
- Melchisédech Thévenot
- Adrien-Jean-Pierre Thilorier, discovered dry ice
- René Thom, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1958
- Pierre-Marie-Jérôme Trésaguet
- François Trèves, mathematician
- Georges Valiron, mathematician
- Jean-Pierre Vernant, historian
- Jean-Christophe Victor, geographer
- Paul-Émile Victor, ethnologist
- Pierre Vidal-Naquet, historian and civil-rights activist
- François Viète, mathematician
- Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot
- Charles Athanase Walckenaer
- Wendelin Werner, mathematician; Fields Medalist 2006 (German-born)
- Rachid Yazami
- Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, mathematician; Fields Medalist 1994