Godwin Osagie Abbe in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria is a retired Nigerian Army Major General and former Defence Minister of Nigeria from 2009 to 2010. He served as the Nigerian Minister of Interior from 2007 to 2009. Godwin Abbe joined the military in 1967 as a private, was commissioned second lieutenant in July 1968, was promoted Colonel in 1986, he served during the Nigerian Civil War. He earned a Postgraduate Diploma in International Relations from Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, he is a graduate of the United States Army Infantry School Fort Benning, Ghana Armed Forces Staff College and the National Institute for Policy and Strategic studies, Kuru. He was military governor of Akwa Ibom State 1988-1990) and Rivers State, he became General Officer Commanding 2 Division Nigerian Army. He retired in 1999 with the rank of Major General. After leaving the army, Godwin Abbe joined People's Democratic Party in 1999, became chairman of the party in Edo State. President Umaru Yar'Adua appointed Godwin Abbe as the Nigerian Minister of Interior on July 26, 2007.
At a meeting of Commonwealth Heads of Government in Kampala, Uganda in November 2007, Abbe met British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and asked for assistance in restructuring the police force, suffering from low morale due to poor welfare, inadequate training and lack of vital work tools. As minister of the interior, Godwin Abbe was chairman of a committee that recommended an amnesty programme for gunmen in the Niger Delta, an important step towards improving output of oil and gas. Soon after, he was appointed Minister of a key role in implementing the amnesty. In September 2009, Abbe said that the Amnesty would not prevent security operatives from going after illegal oil bunkerers, whom he said would be treated as enemies of the state. In October 2009, speak of Niger Delta militants who had accepted the government amnesty, Abbe gave assurances they would be rehabilitated, re-integrated and helped in every way possible to make them self-sustaining in life
Cross River State
Cross River is a state in South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. Its capital is Calabar, its name is derived from the Cross River, which passes through the state. English, Bekwarra and Efik are major languages of this state. Cross River State derives its name from the Cross River, it is a coastal state located in the Niger Delta region, occupies 20,156 square kilometers. It shares boundaries with Benue State to the north and Abia States to the west, to the east by Cameroon Republic and to the south by Akwa-Ibom and the Atlantic Ocean; the South-South State was created on 27 May 1967 from the former Eastern Region, Nigeria by the General Yakubu Gowon regime. Its name was changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state creation exercise by the General Murtala Mohammed regime from South Eastern State; the present day Akwa Ibom State was excised from it in the state creation exercise of September 1987 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. Its capital is Calabar, its major towns are Akamkpa, Calabar South, Igede, Odukpani, Bekwarra, Obudu, Akpabuyo, Iso-bendghe, Boki, Bendeghe Ekiem, Etomi and Ukelle.
The state has been governed by many governors and administrators including Udoakaha J. Esuene, Paul Omu, Tunde Elegbede, Clement Isong, Donald Etiebet, Daniel Archibong, Ibim Princewill, Ernest Atta, Clement Ebri, Ibrahim Kefas, Gregory Agboneni, Umar Faoruk Ahmed, Christopher Osondu, Donald Duke, Liyel Imoke and Benedict Ayade; the Current Governor is Benedict Ayade, sworn into office on 29 May 2015. The State is composed of several ethnic groups, which include the Efik, the Ejagham, Bette, Igede and the Bekwarra. There are four major languages spoken in the state: French, Efik and Ejagham; the Efik language is spoken in the southern part of Cross River State in Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Akpabuyo and Odukpani Local Government Areas. The Ejagham language is the most spoken language in Cross River State; the Efik-speaking people live in the Southern senatorial districts of Cross River, or as it is referred to, the Greater Calabar district, which includes Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Biase, Akpabuyo and Akamkpa LGAs.
There is the Qua community in Calabar, which speaks Ejagham. The main Ejagham group occupies the Greater Calabar areas of Calabar Municipality, Odukpani and Akampkpa sections of Cross River State. There are the Yakurr/Agoi/Bahumono ethnic groups in Yakurr and Abi LGA, while the Mbembe are predominantly found in Obubra LGA. Further up the core northern part of the state are several sub-dialectical groups, among which are Etung, Ofutop, Nkim/Nkum, Abanajum and Boki in both Ikom and Boki LGAs; the Yala/Yache, Ukelle, Mbube, Bette and Utugwanga people are found in Ogoja, Yala and Obanliku and Bekwarra LGA's. The Yala are a subgroup of the Idoma nation, part of the Yala LGA's subgroups are the Igede speaking people believed to have migrated from the Oju part of Benue State, who migrated from Ora, in Edo North. In Cross River North, Bekwarra is the most spoken language, it is understood by other tribes in the district. This language along with Efik and Ejagham is used for news broadcast in the state owned radio and TV stations.
Cross River State epitomises the nation's linguistic and cultural plurality and it is important to note that, in spite of the diversity of dialects, all the indigenous languages in the state have common linguistic roots as Niger–Congo languages. The State boasts of being the venue of the largest carnival in Africa. Cross River healthcare delivery system is skewed in favour of the urban settlements. Cross River State consists of seventeen Local Government Areas, they are: In line with the objectives of the former Governor of the state Mr. Donald Duke to mix business with pleasure, there are many festivals; these festivals bring in tourists from far and wide into the state to enjoy themselves and do business in the state. These festivals include The Cross River State Christmas Festival, which promises to be an event that will rival any festival events in Africa, with over 30 days of endless fun, games, cultural display, art exhibition and music performance; this year's Christmas event and Carnival promise to be the best.
The Cross River State Christmas Festival – 1 December to 31 December annually The Cross River State Carnival Float – 26 and 27 December yearly The Yakurr Leboku Yam festival – 28 August annually The Calabar Boat RegataAnother Interesting Festival in cross River state is Anong Bahumono Festival which holds in Anong Village, during which different cultural dances are showcased, including Ikpobin, Obam and Etangala Dances. Bekwarra,Obudu,Obanliku New yam festival, held every 1st Saturday of September every year has grown to become a national festival. From the soaring plateaus of the mountain tops of Obanliku to the Rain forests of Afi, from the Waterfalls of Agbokim and Kwa to the spiralling ox-bow Calabar River which provides sights and images of the Tinapa Business Resort, Calabar Marina, Calabar Residency Museum and the Calabar Slave Park along its course, there is always a thrilling adventure awaiting the eco-tourist visiting Cross River State. Other tourist attractions are the Ikom Monoliths, the Mary Slessor Tomb, Calabar Drill Monkey Sanctu
Udom Gabriel Emmanuel
Udom Gabriel Emmanuel is the incumbent governor of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, in office since 29 May 2015. He ran for the office of governor in the April 2015 elections on the platform of Akwa Ibom State People's Democratic Party. Emmanuel was elected governor of Akwa Ibom State on 11 April 2015, he was sworn in on 29 May 2015. With his dakkada philosophy Emmanuel rose from being a Sunday school leader at the Qua Iboe Church to become a bank director. Udom Gabriel Emmanuel was born on July 11, 1966, into the family of Ette Teacher Gabriel Emmanuel Nkenang, a native of Awa Iman in Onna Local Government, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, he rose from being a Sunday school leader at United Evangelical Church to become a bank director. Emmanuel and his family are strong members of Nigeria. Emmanuel served as an audit manager of Price Waterhouse Coopers, he is an associate of the Chartered Institute of Taxation of Nigeria. He served as chief financial officer of Zenith Bank Plc. Emmanuel served as group head of Income Optimization, Financial Control & Strategic Planning Department at Zenith Bank.
He served as general manager of Zenith Bank Plc. He joined Zenith in 1996 from Diamond Bank Limited and was the pioneer manager of its Lagos Central Branch, he was in charge of the Telecommunications Sector, Income Optimization and Financial & Strategic Planning Group of Zenith Bank Plc. He has over seventeen years financial services, he served as an executive director of Zenith Bank Plc. He is a Chartered Accountant and he trained with Price Water house Coopers, he is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Management. He has attended the Advanced Management Programme at France. Udom holds a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Lagos in 1988. Emmanuel holds a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Lagos in 1988, he is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Management. He has attended the Advanced Management Program at France, he attended School of Arts and Science, Akwa Ibom State and obtained Advanced Certificate of Basic Studies and Higher School Certificate Udom attended Secondary Commercial School, Ikot Akpan Ishiet, Onna LGA of Akwa Ibom State.
Emmanuel is married to Martha Udom Emmanuel. Udom Emmanuel's father, Ette Teacher Gabriel Emmanuel Nkenang, was a native of Awa Iman in Onna Local Government, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Mr. G. E. Nkanang was a Head Master and teacher; the Udom's are Christians. Udom Emmanuel is a serving Deacon and they are altogether active in the faith, he is a Christian of the United Evangelical Church faith. In July 2013, Emmanuel was appointed secretary to the State Government of Akwa Ibom State. In 2014, Emmanuel contested for the governorship of Akwa Ibom State in a primary election and defeated 22 other aspirants to emerge the candidate of the Akwa Ibom State People's Democratic Party. In 2015, Emmanuel was elected Governor of Nigeria, he contested under the platform of the People's Democratic Party, he won with 999,071 votes to defeat APC's candidate Umana Okon Umana who scored 89,865 votes of the All Progressive Congress and was declared elected by the Independent National Electoral Commission. In the March 9, 2019 Akwa Ibom state gubernatorial election, Emmanuel was re-elected as Governor of Akwa Ibom State defeating 44 other candidates in the election.
He polled 519,712 votes as against that of his closest rival Nsima Ekere of the All Progressive Congress party who had 171,978 votes. Wealth Creation Economic and Political Inclusion Poverty Alleviation Infrastructural Consolidation and Expansion Job Creation First Led factory at Itam First Shoprite at Ibom Tropicana Automobile Assembly Plant at Itu Construction of major Federal roads Youth Empowerment Programmes DAAR Communications Broadcasting Complex, Abak Ibom Air In March 18, 2017 Udom Emmanuel was given the 2016 Leadership award for Best Governor of the Year. Nigeria sports Governor of the year award, November, 2017
Chief Godswill Obot Akpabio, CON, is a Nigerian lawyer and politician, a Senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Senate's Minority Leader. He was Governor of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria from May 29, 2007 to May 29, 2015. Godswill Akpabio is the son of Chief Obot Akpabio and Madam Lucy Obot Akpabio of Ukana, Ikot Ntuen in Essien Udim Local Government Area, he was born on 9 December 1962. He was raised by his mother. Akpabio was educated at Methodist Primary School, Essien Udim LGA, Akwa Ibom State. While at the Federal Government College, Port Harcourt, he was appointed the Senior Prefect. In the University of Calabar, Akpabio was elected as the speaker of the parliamentary year</ref> Godswill Akpabio’s grandfather, Okuku Udo Akpabio, was the Warrant Chief in Ikot Ekpene province. His uncle, Dr. I. U. Akpabio, was the Minister of Education/Internal Affairs in the Eastern Nigeria. Justice Nsima Akpabio, his cousin, was a senator in the Second Nigerian Republic. Akpabio is a Christian of the Catholic faith.
Godswill is married to Ekaette Unoma Akpabio, the founder of Family Life Enhancement Initiative, a non-governmental organization providing a platform for redirecting the focus of development efforts on the family as a strategy for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Akpabio and his wife have a son. Akpabio had a brief stint as a teacher and as an associate partner with Paul Usoro and Co. a law firm in Nigeria. Akpabio worked with EMIS Telecoms Limited, a wireless telecommunications company in Lagos, Nigeria. In 2002, he rose to the position of the Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer of the company. In this position, he helped in shaping the future of the burgeoning telecoms industry, he had earlier served as the National Publicity Secretary of the Association of Telecommunication Companies in Nigeria, while a director of EMIS. In 2002, he was appointed Honourable Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources by the Governor Obong Victor Attah in Akwa Ibom State. Between 2002 and 2006, he served as a Commissioner in three key ministries: Petroleum and Natural Resources, Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs, as well as Lands and Housing.
In 2006, he aspired for the governorship of Akwa Ibom State in a contested primary election and defeated 57 other aspirants to emerge the candidate of the People’s Democratic Party. His campaign with the slogan, “let God’s will be done” received mass support and was elected Governor in 2007, he was re-elected for a second term in office as Governor of Akwa Ibom State in 2011. In 2013, he was elected Chairman of the newly formed PDP Governors Forum. In 2015, he contested and won the Senate seat of the Akwa Ibom North West Senatorial District to represent the district in the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Running under the platform of the People’s Democratic Party, he polled 422,009 of the 439,449 to defeat Chief Inibehe Okorie of the All Progressive Congress who recorded 15, 152 votes to be declared elected by the Independent National Electoral Commission. Akpabio was nominated for the position of the Senate Minority Leader by the South-South caucus of the People's Democratic Party, ratified by the caucus of the PDP in the Senate and announced by the Senate President as Senate Minority Leader on 28 July 2015.
The PDP lost the majority in the 2015 general elections. In August 2018, Senator Akpabio resigned as the Senate Minority Leader, after he had announced his defection to the All Progressive Congress, his defection was marked by Political rally in his hometown at the Ikot Ekpene township stadium, Akwa Ibom State. The Congressional Certificate of Recognition of the United States Congress. Africa Lifetime Achievement Prize awarded by Millennium Excellence Foundation in Kenya; the Gold Humanitarian Services Award of the Republic of Niger 2008 conferred on him by Niger’s Ambassador to Nigeria, His Excellency, Alhaji Moussa Ibrahim. Exam Ethic Marshall 2009: Exam Ethic International, Ghana. Best Governor, Infrastructure Development 2009: BEN Television, London. Honorary citizen of the city of Georgia, New Jersey in United States Commander of the Order of the Niger. Best Governor Infrastructure and Empowerment Award of the Central Bank of Nigeria. Most Prolific Governor by the National Councillors’ Forum.
Doctorate of Management Science, Honoris Causa, Nigeria Defence Academy. Doctorate of Law, Honoris Causa, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Doctorate of Law, Honoris Causa, University of Calabar, Calabar. Doctorate of Law, University of Uyo, Uyo. Doctorate of Public Administration, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Doctorate of Management Science Federal University of Technology, Owerri. Doctorate of Public Administration, Honoris Causa Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu. Doctorate of Human Resource Management Wesley University of Science and Technology, Ondo. Honorary Fellow of Nigeria Society of Engineers. Fellow, Kazaure Polytechnic, Kazaure. Fellow of the Yaba College of Technology, Yaba. Fellow of the College of Education, a host of others. Most Education Friendly Governor in Nigeria by the National Parent-Teacher Association. Best Booster Governor Award for Promoting Science and Mathematics by the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. Goodwill Ambassador of the Nigeri
Air Commodore Idongesit Nkanga was governor of Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria from September 1990 to January 1992 during the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida, handing over to en elected civilian Governor at the start of the Nigerian Third Republic. When appointed in 1990, his deputy governor was Obong Ufot Ekaette, who became Secretary to the Government of the Federation; the Akwa Ibom Broadcasting Corporation was established by edict in April 1988. Wing Commander Nkanga commissioned the station on 27 July 1991. In May 2001 he was a member of the board of the Cooperative Development Bank. In 2002 he was said to seeking to be candidate for the Nigeria Democratic Party in the 2003 elections for Governor of Akwa-Ibom State. In 2007, Nkanga was appointed Chairman of the Akwa Ibom Airport Implementation Committee; the International airport was opened on November 26, 2009 Although the primary focus was on cargo traffic and airplane maintenance repair and overhaul, the airport started by serving commercial local passenger flights.
In December 2009 as an elder of the Ibibio people he was a strong supporter Akwa-Ibom Governor Godswill Akpabio. In January 2010 he was Leaders' Forum. Discussing the issue of handing over from the ailing President Umaru Yar'Adua to Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, he said the issue was not a North-South one, but was about following the constitution
People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
The People's Democratic Party is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum, it won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances. PDP controls 14 states out of 36 states in Nigeria. In 1998 the PDP in its first presidential primary election held in Jos, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria norminated former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo who had just been released from detention as political prisoner as the presidential candidate in the elections of February 1999, with Atiku Abubakar as his running mate, they won the presidential election and were inaugurated 29 May, 1999. In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54.5% of the popular vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives, 76 out of 109 seats in the Senate. Its candidate in the presidential election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61.9% of the vote.
In December 2006 Umaru Yar'Adua was chosen as the presidential candidate of the ruling PDP for the April 2007 general election, receiving 3,024 votes from party delegates. Yar'Adua was declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, was sworn in on May 29, 2007, amid widespread allegations of electoral fraud. In the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate. At the PDP's 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8, 2008. Ogbulafor, the PDP's National Secretary from 2001 to 2005, was the party's consensus choice for the position of National Chairman, selected as an alternative to the rival leading candidates Sam Egwu and Anyim Pius Anyim. All 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor. Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary. In 2011, after the People's Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency.
Following PDP candidate Goodluck Jonathan's victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported that there were violent protests from northern youth. The longtime slogan of the People's Democratic Party has been "Power to the people". During the party's National Convention in Port Harcourt, Rivers State on 21 May 2016, David Mark, a former President of the Senate of Nigeria, introduced "Change the change" as the party's campaign slogan for the 2019 general elections; the party has a neoliberal stance in its economic policies and maintains a conservative stance on certain social issues, such as same-sex relations. The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, limited government regulation. In 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala embarked on a radical economic reform program, which reduced government spending through conservative fiscal policies, saw the deregulation and privatization of numerous industries in Nigerian services sector — notably the Nigerian Telecommunications industry.
On the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigeria's first National Health Insurance Scheme to ensure that every Nigerian has access to basic health care services; the PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution. Though the PDP government set up the Niger Delta Development Commission to address the needs of the oil-producing Niger Delta states, it has rebuffed repeated efforts to revert to the 50% to 50% federal-to-state government revenue allocation agreement established in 1966 during the First Republic; the PDP is against same-sex relations, favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds. In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, making it punishable by law for up to five years in prison; the party is a moderate advocate of religious freedom for the Nigerian states. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in some states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna and Abia states.
The PDP-led federal government refused to bow to pressure from the southern, predominantly Christian states to repeal the law, instead opted for a compromise where Islamic law would only apply to Muslims. Tunde Ayeni, chairman of the PDP fundraising event in December 2014 who donated N2 billion was involved in the mismanagement of bank's funds. In the 2015 elections, the incumbent president and PDP presidential nominee, Goodluck Jonathan, was defeated by General Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress by 55% to 45%, losing by 2.6 million votes, out of 28.6 million valid votes cast. Out of Nigeria's 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, General Muhammadu Buhari won 21 states while President Goodluck Jonathan won 15 states and the Federal Capital Territory. In the 2019 elections, Former vice president Atiku Abubakar and PDP presidential candidadate and his party on 25th of February, 2019 rejected the outcome of the elections as INEC was yet to conclude the entire process and make official pronouncement.
PDP National Party, Prince Uche Secondus alleged that the result as announced by INEC were incorrect. Official website
Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria. It is located in the coastal southern part of the country, lying between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E; the state is located in the South-South geopolitical zone, is bordered on the east by Cross River State, on the west by Rivers State and Abia State, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the southernmost tip of Cross River State. Akwa Ibom is one of Nigeria's 36 states, with a population of over five million people; the state was created in 1987 by Ibrahim Babangida from the former Cross River State and is the highest oil- and gas-producing state in the country. The state's capital is Uyo, with over 500,000 inhabitants. Akwa Ibom has an airport and two major seaports on the Atlantic Ocean with a proposed construction of a world-class seaport Ibaka Seaport at Oron; the state boasts of a 30,000-seat ultramodern sports complex. It is shaped like the Allianz arena stadium and it has modern and world-class facilities. Akwa Ibom state is home to the Ibom E-Library, a world-class information centre.
In addition to English, the main spoken languages are Ibibio, Annang and Oron. Uyo, Ikot Ekpene, Oron, Ikot Abasi, Itu, Ukanafun and Oruk Anam, Etim Ekpo Here are the list of ministries in Akwa Ibom Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Justice Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sufficiency Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Finance Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Works Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Environment Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Transport & Petroleum Resources Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Lands & Town Planning Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Information & Strategy Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Health Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Science & Technology Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Welfare Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Youth & Sports Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Housing & Special Duties Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Economic Development Labour and Manpower Planning Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Investment and Industries Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Culture and Tourism Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Political/Legislative Affairs and Water Resources Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Rural Development & Cooperatives Akwa Ibom State Roads and Other Infrastructure Maintenance Agency - AKROIMA Akwa Ibom State consists of thirty one local government areas.
They are: The region of the state was created out of Cross River State on September 23, 1987 by the Military Administration of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida. The people are predominantly Christian; the main ethnic groups of the state are: Ibibio Annang Oron Eket OboloIncluding their Efik brothers and sisters of Cross River State, they speak various dialects of the Efik-Ibibio Language, which belongs to the Benue–Congo language family, which forms part of the Niger–Congo group of languages. Despite the homogeneity, no central government existed among the people of what is now Akwa Ibom State prior to the British invasion in 1904. Instead, the Annang, Efik and Ibibio were all autonomous groups. Although several Scottish missionaries arrived in Calabar in 1848, Ibono in 1887, the British did not establish control of the area until 1904. In that year, the Enyong Division was created encompassing the area of the current state of Akwa Ibom, with headquarters at Ikot Ekpene, an Annang city described by the noted Africanist Kaanan Nair, as the cultural and political capital of Annang and Ibibio.
The creation of Enyong Division for the first time allowed the numerous ethnic groups to come together. This further provided a venue for the creation of the Ibibio Welfare Union renamed Ibibio State Union; this social organization was first organized as a local development and improvement forum for educated persons and groups who were shut out from the colonial administration in 1929. Nonetheless, some historians have wrongly pointed to the union to buttress their argument about the homogeneity of groups in the area; the Obolo Union, comprising Ibono and Andoni stock, was another strong socioeconomic and cultural organization that thrived in the region. The Ibono people have fought wars to maintain their unique identity and territory in the region more than any other group; when Akwa Ibom state was created in 1987, Uyo was chosen as the state capital to spread development to all regions of the state. The Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education is tasked with monitoring the education sector of the state.
The current region of Akwa Ibom State in old Calabar Kingdom was the first to encounter Western education in Nigeria with the establishment of Hope Waddell Training Institute, at Calabar in 1895, the Methodist Boys' High School, Oron in 1905 as well as other top schools such as the Holy Family College at Abak and Regina Coeli College in Essene. Some educational institutes in the state are: University of Uyo, Uyo Maritime Academy of Nigeria, Oron Akwa Ibom State University Obong University, Obong Ntak Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua Uyo City Polytechnic Nduetong Oku Apex Polytechnic Heritage Polytechnic, Eket School of Nursing. Former Senate Minority Leader Idongesit Nkanga Former military governor of Akwa Ibom State Effiong Bob Chris Ekpenyong Former deputy governor of Akwa Ibom Stat