People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
The People's Democratic Party is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum, it won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances. PDP controls 14 states out of 36 states in Nigeria. In 1998 the PDP in its first presidential primary election held in Jos, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria norminated former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo who had just been released from detention as political prisoner as the presidential candidate in the elections of February 1999, with Atiku Abubakar as his running mate, they won the presidential election and were inaugurated 29 May, 1999. In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54.5% of the popular vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives, 76 out of 109 seats in the Senate. Its candidate in the presidential election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61.9% of the vote.
In December 2006 Umaru Yar'Adua was chosen as the presidential candidate of the ruling PDP for the April 2007 general election, receiving 3,024 votes from party delegates. Yar'Adua was declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, was sworn in on May 29, 2007, amid widespread allegations of electoral fraud. In the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate. At the PDP's 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8, 2008. Ogbulafor, the PDP's National Secretary from 2001 to 2005, was the party's consensus choice for the position of National Chairman, selected as an alternative to the rival leading candidates Sam Egwu and Anyim Pius Anyim. All 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor. Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary. In 2011, after the People's Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency.
Following PDP candidate Goodluck Jonathan's victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported that there were violent protests from northern youth. The longtime slogan of the People's Democratic Party has been "Power to the people". During the party's National Convention in Port Harcourt, Rivers State on 21 May 2016, David Mark, a former President of the Senate of Nigeria, introduced "Change the change" as the party's campaign slogan for the 2019 general elections; the party has a neoliberal stance in its economic policies and maintains a conservative stance on certain social issues, such as same-sex relations. The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, limited government regulation. In 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala embarked on a radical economic reform program, which reduced government spending through conservative fiscal policies, saw the deregulation and privatization of numerous industries in Nigerian services sector — notably the Nigerian Telecommunications industry.
On the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigeria's first National Health Insurance Scheme to ensure that every Nigerian has access to basic health care services; the PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution. Though the PDP government set up the Niger Delta Development Commission to address the needs of the oil-producing Niger Delta states, it has rebuffed repeated efforts to revert to the 50% to 50% federal-to-state government revenue allocation agreement established in 1966 during the First Republic; the PDP is against same-sex relations, favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds. In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, making it punishable by law for up to five years in prison; the party is a moderate advocate of religious freedom for the Nigerian states. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in some states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna and Abia states.
The PDP-led federal government refused to bow to pressure from the southern, predominantly Christian states to repeal the law, instead opted for a compromise where Islamic law would only apply to Muslims. Tunde Ayeni, chairman of the PDP fundraising event in December 2014 who donated N2 billion was involved in the mismanagement of bank's funds. In the 2015 elections, the incumbent president and PDP presidential nominee, Goodluck Jonathan, was defeated by General Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress by 55% to 45%, losing by 2.6 million votes, out of 28.6 million valid votes cast. Out of Nigeria's 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, General Muhammadu Buhari won 21 states while President Goodluck Jonathan won 15 states and the Federal Capital Territory. In the 2019 elections, Former vice president Atiku Abubakar and PDP presidential candidadate and his party on 25th of February, 2019 rejected the outcome of the elections as INEC was yet to conclude the entire process and make official pronouncement.
PDP National Party, Prince Uche Secondus alleged that the result as announced by INEC were incorrect. Official website
Ibrahim Saminu Turaki
Alhaji Ibrahim Saminu Turaki is a Nigerian politician and former governor of Jigawa State in Nigeria. He was a Jigawa state chairman of SDP and UNCP. Ibrahim Saminu Turaki was born on 14 July 1963, he attended the Federal Government College Kaduna and the Ahmadu Bello University where he obtained a bachelor's degree in Actuarial Science in 1985. He was governor of Jigawa State in Nigeria from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007, he was re-elected in 2003 on the platform of the All Nigeria People's Party. In 2000, Turaki decentralized the Jigawa state government, allocating many aspects to the five Emirate councils of Hadejia, Gumel and Kazaure. Turaki championed the development of ICT stressing the importance in nation building and, one of his priorities as a governor, he established what was known as the biggest biotechnology centers in Nigeria in Kazaure, a town situated outside the state capital, Dutse. Some of these attracted the number one British developmental agency, DFID to co-fund the Jigawa State microcredit scheme to provide funding for small scale businesses.
The DFID partnered with the state government to sponsor its student for extensive education on informatics abroad Japan. In year 2000, Turaki established a free trade zone in Jigawa, the first to be achieved by any state, to boost the ease of doing business and attract prospective investors. Taking cognizance of the importance of electricity in the success of any form of development, Turaki established various solar powered power plants of up to 7.5 MW at various Local Government Areas at a time most state governments and indeed the Federal Government has not mulled the idea investing in renewable energy sources. This prompted the CNN to feature Jigawa State in its programme'Global Challenges' acknowledging the governor's developmental strides and the effects on the lives of the Jigawa citizens; the short documentary was aired on November 25, 2006 and earned Turaki accolades from his peers in Nigeria and around the world. Jigawa state pioneered the Universal Basic Education to ensure compulsory basic education for pupils and students in the state, adopted by the federal government.
The state became the first to introduce the contributory pensions scheme in 2001 long before Lagos State in 2004 and subsequently the Federal government in 2006. During this same era, Jigawa State introduced the first housing mortgage by any state of the federation with the establishment of Jigawa Savings and Loans bank to cover mortgage for intending house owners thereby drastically tackling the problem of housing in the state; some of these laudable feats earned the state the label'Jigawa, a State of Firsts' In September 2006, Ibrahim Turaki was attacked by angry crowds when he tried to calm down a mob who burned churches and shops belonging to Christians after an alleged blasphemous statement by a Christian woman about the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. In December 2006 he transferred his allegiance to the People's Democratic Party. Turaki joined Nigeria's ruling party, the All Progressives Congress in December 2015, reuniting with his former ally and the current governor of Jigawa, Badaru Abubakar In April 2007, he ran for the Senate as a member of the PDP and was elected for the Jigawa North West constituency.
He was appointed to committees on Upstream Petroleum Resources, Navy, National Planning and National Identity Card & Population As senator, a May 2009 report said he had not originated any bills, but had co-sponsored six motions. He was active in the Sports Committee. Turaki wanted to run for reelection in April 2011, but the PDP favored Danladi Abdullahi Sankara, PDP vice chairman in charge of the Northwest as their candidate. Turaki therefore defected to the Action Congress of Nigeria. In the April 2011 elections, Danladi was the winner. Turaki declared that there had been vote-rigging and he intended to take the case to court. In June 2003 Ibrahim Turaki said Jigawa had entered into agreements with American companies to start processing and exporting high-grade gum arabic to the United States, replacing imports from the Sudan. An article in the Los Angeles Times on 2 March 2004 described an arrangement with Rosa Whitaker, a US Trade Representative for Africa, with whom he formed a Trade and Investment Foundation for Africa to attract Foreign Direct Investment for gum arabic production.
In 2004 the Niger Republic, due to host a summit of Francophone countries in Niamey gave Wallong Camco Nigeria, a company in which Turaki had an interest, free land in exchange for building 86 housing units to accommodate visiting foreign dignitaries. In November 2008 Turaki was involved in a dispute over contract terms for sale of these units. A 2006 report said he was involved in acquiring companies in Nigeria’s insurance industry for president Olusegun Obasanjo. In July 2007 the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission arrested Saminu Turaki over allegations of corruption and money laundering. Turaki faced a 32-count charge of money laundering, was said to have laundered about N36 billion of public funds into private accounts, he was released on bail with stringent conditions. On July 4, 2017, Turaki was re arrested by the EFCC while in a public function in Nigeria's capital Abuja riding on a 2013 court document ordering his arrest for evading court summons. Turaki denied evading trial and accused the anti graft agency of misleading the Judge in granting such order.
He denied being on the run or evading arrest from the time the order was granted four years ago since he has attended well publicized official and business functions around Nigeria and beyond. Upon this premise, Turaki was detained by the EFCC f
Jigawa is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Dutse. Jigawa State is one of thirty-six states, it is situated in the northwestern part of the country between latitudes 11.00°N to 13.00°N and longitudes 8.00°E to 10.15°E. Kano State and Katsina State border Jigawa to the west, Bauchi State to the east and Yobe State to the northeast. To the north, Jigawa shares an international border with Zinder Region in The Republic of Niger, a unique opportunity for cross-border trading activities; the government took advantage of this by initiating and establishing a free trade zone at the border town of Maigatari in Niger. The state has a total land area of 22,410 square kilometres, its topography is characterized by undulating land, with sand dunes of various sizes spanning several kilometres in parts of the State. The southern part of Jigawa comprises the basement complex while the northeast is made up of sedimentary rocks of the Chad Formation; the main rivers are Hadejia, Kafin Hausa and Iggi Rivers with a number of tributaries feeding extensive marshlands in north-eastern part of the State.
Hadejia – Kafin Hausa River traverses the state from west to east through the Hadejia-Nguru wetlands and empties into the Lake Chad Basin. Most parts of Jigawa lie within the Sudan Savannah with elements of Guinea Savannah in the southern part. Total forest cover in the state is below national average of 14.8%. Due to both natural and human factors, forest cover is being depleted, making northern part of the state vulnerable to desert encroachment; the state enjoys vast fertile arable land to which all tropical crops could adapt, thus constituting one of its prized natural resources. The Sudan savannah vegetation zone is made up of vast grazing lands suitable for livestock production; the socio-cultural situation in Jigawa State could be described as homogeneous: it is populated by Hausa/Fulani, who can be found in all parts of the state. Kanuri are found in Hadejia Emirate, with some traces of Badawa in its Northeastern parts. Though each of the three dominant tribes have continued to maintain its ethnic identity, Islam and a long history of inter-marriages have continued to bind them together.
About 3.6 million people inhabit Jigawa State. Life expectancy as at 2001 was about 52 years with a total fertility rate of about 6.2 children per woman of childbearing age. Although population of the state is predominantly rural, the distribution in terms of sex is equal between male and female; this pattern of population distribution is same across various constituencies and between urban and rural areas. The 2002 CWIQ Survey indicated that 45.2% of the population was made up of young people below the age of 15. This survey reveals a dependency ratio of 1. Average household size was about 6.7 all of which were headed by males. About 60% of household heads were self-employed with agriculture as their main occupation, nearly two-thirds of these households were monogamous families; the overall literacy rate was about 37% in 2002. School enrolment ratio is high with good improvements in the last few years though there is still clear disparity between boys and girls. Basic indicators for water supply sector show that access to potable water is over 90%, among the highest in the country.
The 2002 CWIQ Survey however, indicated that while access to high quality safe drinking water is low at about 63%, nearly two-thirds of households have good means of sanitation. In terms of health services, about two-fifths of the population have access to medical services which is, higher in urban areas where access was found to be about 55%; the CWIQ Survey found that an average of 70% of those who consulted a health facility expressed satisfaction with the services provided. Religion in Jigawa State is Islam which constitutes about 98.9% of the population, while 1.1% are indigenous Christians. Jigawa State—created out of the old Kano State in August 1991—is one of the 36 states in Federal Republic of Nigeria; the agitation for the creation of the state was led by Malam Inuwa-Dutse, a former commissioner in the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources during the governorship of late Audu Bako, the governor of old Kano State. By the 1999 Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria, the state comprises 27 local government councils, which are divided into 30 state constituencies, grouped into 11 federal constituencies and 3 senatorial districts.
These 27 local government councils were further subdivided into 77 development areas by law No. 5 of 2004 of the State House of Assembly. In line with the democratic setting in the country, the governments at both the state and local government levels are elected, comprise an executive with a unicameral legislature; the state legislature has 30 elected members each representing one of the state constituencies. To complete the state governance structure, there is an independent state judiciary as the third arm of government; the State Government administrative apparatus is organized into ministries, extra-ministerial departments and parastatals, which are located across the three senatorial districts in the state since 1999. This decentralized approach to governmental administrative structure was seen as a move towards stimulating economic activities socio-economic development and empowerment over a wider are