Eastern District (Hong Kong)
The Eastern District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It had a population of 588,094 in 2011; the district has the second highest population while its residents have the third highest median household income among 18 districts. It is located in the north-eastern part of the Hong Kong Island and includes the areas of Fortress Hill, North Point, Braemar Hill, Quarry Bay, Tai Koo Shing, Sai Wan Ho, Shau Kei Wan, Heng Fa Chuen, Chai Wan and Siu Sai Wan; the eastern portion of Causeway Bay and Tin Hau were once in Eastern District. They were moved to Wan Chai District in the new year day of 2016. A backwater of fishing villages and dockyards, there are archaeological evidence there were villages and small towns appeared during the Song Dynasty; the Eastern District is now residential, with some industrial areas and several large shopping malls. While most Home Ownership Scheme and public housing estates are located from Sai Wan Ho to Chai Wan, large private housing estates are located within the eastern district, such as Taikoo Shing and Heng Fa Chuen.
A commercial hub has been developed from the former industrial areas in western part of Quarry Bay. Hotels and commercial buildings are developed near Fortress Hill along the coast. In the past the district was linked by a single King's Road, notoriously congested during peak hours, this had been solved by the constructions of the Island Eastern Corridor, the Island Line within the MTR rapid transit system in the 1980s and it contains the long-historied tram line that stretches from Shau Kei Wan towards other districts near the sea shore. List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong Eastern District Council List and map of electoral constituencies
Central Market, Hong Kong
Central Market was a fresh food market in Central, Hong Kong. Located between Jubilee Street, Queen Victoria Street, Queen's Road Central and Des Voeux Road Central, it was the first wet market in Hong Kong. By its side is the first public female toilet and first above-ground toilets in Hong Kong, it is one of two existing Bauhaus market buildings. The precursor of the market was Canton Bazaar, established in 1842 on Queen's Road Central between Cochrane Street and Graham Street. In 1843 it was known as the Middle Bazaar; the Chinese population were forced to relocate from Central to the Tai Ping Shan area due to a series of fires. The market was replaced by residential houses for Europeans; the bazaar was moved to Queensway. It housed Chinese furniture dealers, cabinet makers and curio shops. Due to its proximity of Naval Yard and the construction of cantonment, the bazaar and civil tenement had to be moved. In the 1850s, it was moved to its current location on Des Voeux Road, its name changed to Central Market.
The market was rebuilt in 1858 completely replaced with a Western marble structure in 1895. The rebuilt market was a three-storey Victorian-style structure with a tower in the middle; the market was demolished again in 1937, this time replaced with a Bauhaus structure. Construction was completed in 1938, cost HK$900,000; the market re-opened on 1 May 1939. During the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong between 1941 and 1945, the Chinese name of the market was changed from 中環街市 to 中央市場; the Chinese name displayed at the Des Voeux Road Central entrance was not restored until 1993. Central Market was the biggest meat market in Southeast Asia and the then-Governor of Hong Kong David Trench made a visit to the market in 1967; the importance of the market attracted another Governor Alexander Grantham to pay another visit. In 1994, the western part of its second floor was converted into the Central Escalator Link Alley Shopping Arcade, an access way between the Central Elevated Walkway and Central–Mid-levels escalators.
It was managed by the Urban Council until its dissolution in 1999. The market was closed in March 2003; the market is housed in a 4-storey reinforced concrete structure, contains 200 booths inside. The market is spacious with a central court, high ceiling and window walls for natural light and ventilation. There are two entrances of the market; the Des Voeux Road Central entrance is one the ground floor while the Queen's Road Central entrance bridges the first floor. In the early days, the root floor were quarters of hygiene inspectors and other staff; the building is abandoned with few stores along a renovated pedestrian corridor inside, Central Escalator Link Alley Shopping Arcade. The corridor is linked by two footbridges to Hang Seng Bank New Headquarters Building and Central Elevated Walkway, another footbridge to the Central-Mid-Levels escalator. Shops in the arcade include tailors, cleanser and other trades. On Sunday, one side of the corridor is a popular gathering place among Filipino domestic workers.
The building has temporarily been redecorated on the theme of Central Oasis, pending further development. Central Market is listed as a Grade III historic building. A Study on Historical and Architectural Context of Central Market; the Hong Kong Institute of Architects. July 2005 HK URBEX. "The neglected decay of one of HK's iconic Bauhaus-style markets". Hong Kong Free Press
Tung Wah Hospital
Tung Wah Hospital is a hospital in Hong Kong under the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. Located above Possession Point, at 12 Po Yan Street in Sheung Wan, it is the first hospital established in Colonial Hong Kong for the general public in the 1870s; the hospital was declared for construction on March 26, 1870 under the "Tung Wah Hospital Incorporation Ordinance". The push for the construction of the facility began when the British Colony's Registrar General saw an indiscriminate mix of the dead and dying huddled together in the nearby Kwong Fook I-tsz, a small temple built at Tai Ping Shan Street; the large number of deaths were in part due to the arrival of the upcoming Third Pandemic of bubonic plague from China, though it was not declared an official establishment until 1872. The hospital was subsidized by the government at a price of HKD 45,000 along with HKD 15,000 in land grant; the grand opening on February 14, 1872 was considered the grandest witnessed in Colonial Hong Kong. A lot of cultural prejudice did exist at the time, such as Chinese citizens not trusting western medicine and other practices such as surgery.
Many Chinese would rather die than be admitted into a western clinic. The government subsequently enacted Ordinance No. 38 known as "1911 Expansion of Tung Wah Hospital Ordinance" in 1911 to deal with the population growth of Kowloon and the New Territories in conjunction with Kwong Wah Hospital. With 633 beds, including 494 for in-patients, 93 for day patients and 46 rehabilitation day places, it is the second largest general hospital in Hong Kong West Cluster; the Main Block of Tung Wah Hospital is graded as Grade I historic building. It is affiliated with the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, while the University of Hong Kong provide clinical attachment opportunities for its medical students. Seaman's Hospital Tung Wah Hospital
Robinson Road, Hong Kong
Robinson Road is a road in the Mid-levels, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. In the east, it is connected with the Magazine Gap Road and Garden Road, in the west with Babington Road and Park Road; the escalator connecting Central to Mid-levels crosses between Mosque Street and Conduit Road, below which Robinson Road runs parallel. It was named after the fifth Governor of Sir Hercules Robinson; as early as the 1870s, Robinson Road had an enviable reputation, housing the European upper-middle class of its time. The area remains one of the most affluent in Hong Kong. Historic Ohel Leah Synagogue is located on the northern side of the western end of the street. Parts of the walls in Robinson Road have been declared as protected monuments; these walls are old with thick roots embedded in them. Robinson Road is residential and, in keeping with area, lined with high-rises. There are a number of property agents located along the road. Nathan Road in Kowloon was, until 1907 called Robinson Road, but was subsequently renamed to its present name to avoid confusion with its Mid-levels counterpart.
Notable residents include actor/singer/entrepreneur Edison Chen, actress Bernice Liu and many others. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Google Maps of Robinson Road
Mid-Levels is an affluent residential area on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is located between Victoria Central. Residents are predominantly more affluent Hong Kong locals and expatriate professionals; the Mid-Levels is further divided into four areas: Mid-Levels West, Mid-Levels Central, stretching from Garden Road in the west to Happy Valley in the east), Mid-Levels East, Mid-Levels North. Aside from the panoramic view of Victoria Harbour or the rest of the city or both, it is close to Central and Admiralty, which are both significant business areas, thus providing easy and convenient access for the business people living in Mid-Levels. An added attraction of the Mid-Levels is its close proximity to nature and comparatively better air quality than many parts of the Hong Kong Island. Many wealthy people in Hong Kong are willing to pay higher residential property price for a residence, away from pollution and yet remain so close to the centre of the city. Many streets are named after former Governors of Hong Kong.
Examples include Kennedy Road. Many of the roads in this area are within walking distance of the Central Business District, accessible by the Mid-Levels escalator from Central. Many choices for housing are available, from ultra-luxurious apartments to compact, near-luxury apartments; the costs of these apartments vary according to the size and age of the building. The cost ranges from the high ten million dollars to over five hundred million Hong Kong dollars for an apartment in a Frank Gehry-designed building. Many prestigious colleges and schools can be found in Mid-Levels, including the University of Hong Kong, St Francis' Canossian College, Island School, King's College, Ying Wa Girls' School, St. Paul's Co-educational College and St. Joseph's College, to name a few. Hong Kong Park, 80,000 m2 in area, is located next to Cotton Tree Drive in Central. There are modern facilities surrounded by a natural landscape; the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens is one of the oldest Zoological and Botanical centres in the world.
It is located on the northern slope of Victoria Peak and has been opened to the public since 1862. In 1871, it was renamed to Botanical Gardens, in 1975, the name was changed again to Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens; this venerable park was named Bing Tao Garden, meaning the Chief Commander's Garden. It was linked to the garden of the Government House. In 1941, a bronze statue of King George VI was erected in the garden to mark the centenary year in which Hong Kong became a British Colony. Keeping wild animals in the garden can be traced as early as 1876. At that time, animals were kept for entertainment. From 1970s, the emphasis changed to techniques in captive breeding and conservation breeding programmes for zoological collection. Today, the garden has a collection of over 600 birds, 70 mammals and 40 reptiles which are housed in about 40 enclosures; the collection includes orangutans and other primates. There is an active breeding programme for many of these species, notably the orangutans and lemurs which breed in captivity.
The garden keeps for more than 1000 species of inland plant such as conifer, palm, gum trees and magnolia. Besides, a greenhouse at the eastern boundary of the garden houses over 150 native and exotic species including orchids, bromeliads and house plants etc. Lung Fu Shan Country Park covers the densely vegetated slopes of Lung Fu Shan, including the disused Pinewood Battery and the Pinewood Garden picnic area, providing a scenic backdrop to the residential and commercial districts of Hong Kong Island, it is situated at the north of Pok Fu Lam Country Park. Towards the east of Lung Fu Shan Country Park is Hatton Road, to the south is Harlech Road whereas to the north and west is a covered conduit constructed by the Water Supplies Department; this country park covers an area of about 470,000 m2 and commands an excellent vista of the western part of the territory and the Victoria Harbour. Wan Chai Nature Trail is a short footpath and it only takes about 2 hours to complete. Along the way, one can gain knowledge about nature concerning biological and geographical aspects.
Flagstaff House Museum of Tea Ware, a branch museum of the Hong Kong Museum of Art, is located at the Hong Kong Park. The building was built in the 1840s, served as the office and residence of the Commander of the British Forces in Hong Kong, it was converted to the Museum of Tea Ware in 1984, with a new wing, the K. S. Lo Gallery, constructed in 1995. Flagstaff House Museum of Tea Ware specialises in the collection and display of tea ware; the museum promotes Chinese tea drinking culture through many exhibitions. There are video programmes and audio guides conducted in Cantonese and Japanese, regular presentations and lecture programmes, free guided tours for the visiting tourists; the Chinese Teahouse, a part of the museum, holds serving tea demonstrations regularly. The Hong Kong Visual Arts Centre is located at Kennedy Road in Central, with the main aim of supporting local art creation; the centre was restructured from an early 20th
St. Louis School, Hong Kong
St Louis School, located in Sai Ying Pun is a run, Catholic primary and secondary English grammar school. St Louis School aims to'provide an education which embraces the joy of learning and stresses the spiritual, intellectual, physical and aesthetic development of students'; the school motto is'Scientia et Pietas', which means'Knowledge and Piety'. The school is famed for its culture of "freedom and discipline". Both the students and the staff members enjoy an extent of freedom unseen in other schools in Hong Kong; as a result, its students develop a sense of responsibility, self-reliance and independence that makes them prominent in the community through their contribution and achievements. There are about 800 secondary students and 350 primary school students; the school's sports facilities include a football playground, a basketball court and a covered playground. The football playground is the largest among those of all the schools in West Point; the badge of St Louis School embodies a profound philosophy through the simplicity of its design.
The white background symbolizes the innocence of the students. The central red cross reminds the students to adopt Jesus Christ as their mentor, to possess love and compassion, a sense of self-sacrifice and universal service; the letters'S' and'L' are the initials of Saint Louis. The two Greek letters Α and Ω in the book on the cross exhort the students to pursue the truth consistently; the Latin phrase' SCIENTIA ET PIETAS' at the bottom of the badge is the school motto, it means'knowledge and piety'. It instructs the students to place equal emphases on both piety, it is promoted that all Aloysians should uphold and propagate the spirit that the school badge manifests: to be in quest of knowledge, to nurture noble character and to contribute to the society and the country. The school song'All Hail, All Hail' was written by Rev Fr Janssen in 1957. St Louis School was founded in 1864 by the Fathers of the Catholic Mission; the school was known as the West Point Reformatory. The Brothers of the Christian Schools succeeded the Fathers in the management of the school in 1875 and managed the school until 1893.
In 1921, Bishop Pozzoni, the Ordinary of Hong Kong, requested the Maryknoll Fathers to take over. Some of the boys were orphans while the rest were remanded by the Hong Kong government, the government giving a small monthly grant for each student; the Maryknoll Fathers renamed the school'St Louis Industrial School' and equipped it with a printing press. The students became expert in this line and seven years when the French Foreign Mission society started their celebrated polyglot press at Nazareth in Pokfulam, they took into their employ many of these boys; when Brother Albert Staubli arrived, he added manual training to its curriculum in the way of carpentry. The famous American Maryknoller, Fr James Edward Walsh, one of the first four American missioners to arrive in China and the last western missioner to be released by the Communist China in 1970, spent some time at the school too. Early in 1926, Maryknoll's Father Superior and one of the co-founders, Fr James Anthony Walsh, made a visitation of his fledgling mission fields in South China and spent some weeks in Hong Kong before visiting Kongmoon and Kaying.
In the course of his stay, the position of the industrial school was reviewed and it was handed back to the Diocese. In 1927 the school has been run by them since then; the school was transformed from a vocational school to a grammar school and it became one of the best grammar schools in Hong Kong. The primary section of St Louis School was famous in the 1970s and the 1980s, for it won all the inter-school quiz competitions organized by Radio Television Hong Kong. 1927-1934: Fr Vincenzo Bernardini.
Barker Road is a road located on Victoria Peak, Hong Kong at an altitude of 350 metres above sea level with a length of about 1,7 km. It ends at Magazine Gap on Peak Road; the road was named after George Digby Barker, a former military commander and acting administrator of Hong Kong between May and December 1891. The road opened in 1898; the Public Works Department reported in its Annual Report for 1898 The Barker Road leading from Plantation Road to Magazine Gap was completed in the year and opened for traffic, the total cost being $26,880.00. The length of this road is 5,660 feet and the ruling gradient 2 in 40, while the steepest gradients being 1 in 20 make it available for rickshaw traffic. Long before completion, the road became a favourite evening walk and three large building sites have been sold, the erection of one European residence is well advanced. From this report it can be seen that Barker Road started at Plantation Road close to the Barker Road Station; the part from the station to the Peak Road was renamed from Plantation to Barker Road.
On the western end of Barker Road the Barker Road stop of the Peak Tram is located. The tram runs over Barker Road on a bridge creating a narrow tunnel. Barker Road is located on the steep slopes of Mount Gough. From all lots residents have an undisturbed view onto Victoria Harbour making it a expensive location. For that reason and due to the difficult terrain not too many houses have been built there. Most houses have been renewed since the first one was built on one lot, so today’s houses are second or third generation; the following houses are there today: Odd numbers are uphill of Barker Road numbers downhill. The most prominent building on Barker Road was Victoria Hospital, it was located at Barker Road. It opened in 1903. In 1923, a maternity ward was added, this is today’s Victoria Flats – the only about 100 years old building on Barker Road. During World War II, the hospital was looted afterwards. In 1947, the hospital was demolished. On this place, Victoria House was built in 1951