Old Dairy Farm Depot
The Old Dairy Farm Depot or Old Dairy Farm Building is a building in Central, Hong Kong, which houses the Hong Kong Fringe Club and the Foreign Correspondents' Club. It is located at 2 Lower Albert Road; the back of the building is located along Wyndham Street. In 1892, Dairy Farm built a low-rise brick and stucco building on Lower Albert Road in Central for use as a cold storage warehouse, it was designed by Leigh. The original depot only comprised about half of the present premises; this warehouse was renovated and expanded in 1913, 1917 and 1925 to include a dairy shop, a room for meat smoking, a cold storage room for winter clothes and residency for the general manager. The building evolved into the company headquarters until the company moved in the 1970s; the Foreign Correspondent's Club started occupying the North Block in 1982. The South Block was acquired by the Hong Kong Fringe Club in 1984, it has undergone many major renovations since the Fringe Club moved in, in 1983. The building is built in the Eclectic architectural style with strong Neoclassical and some Arts and Crafts influence.
The facade features polychromatic "bandaged" brickworks. The building is located along the Western Heritage Trail, it was listed as a Grade II historic building in 1981, as a Grade I historic building in 2009. The project of renovation and refurbishment of the Old Dairy Farm Building and its conversion into the Hong Kong Fringe Club was a winner of the 2001 Hong Kong Heritage Awards, organised by the Antiquities Advisory Board and the Antiquities and Monuments Office
Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island. It is known as Mount Austin, locally as The Peak. With an elevation of 552 m, it is the highest hill on Hong Kong island, ranked 31 in terms of elevation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; the summit is closed to the public. However, the surrounding area of public parks and high-value residential land is the area, meant by the name The Peak, it is a major tourist attraction that offers views of Central, Victoria Harbour, Lamma Island, the surrounding islands. As early as the 19th century, the Peak attracted prominent European residents because of its panoramic view over the city and its temperate climate compared to the sub-tropical climate in the rest of Hong Kong; the sixth Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Richard MacDonnell had a summer residence built on the Peak circa 1868. Those that built houses named them whimsically, such as The Eyrie, the Austin Arms; these original residents reached their homes by sedan chairs, which were carried up and down the steep slope of Victoria Peak.
This limited development of the Peak until the opening of the Peak Tram funicular in 1888. The boost to accessibility caused by the opening of the Peak Tram created demand for residences on the Peak. Between 1904 and 1930, the Peak Reservation Ordinance designated the Peak as an exclusive residential area reserved for non-Chinese, they reserved the Peak Tram for the use of such passengers during peak periods. The Peak remains an upmarket residential area. In 1905 construction of the Pinewood Battery was completed on the western side of the Peak. Harlech Road was constructed around the Peak as a means of resupply to this artillery and anti-aircraft battery; the Peak is home to many species of birds, most prominently the black kite, numerous species of butterflies. Wild boar and porcupines are seen on Peak, along with a variety of snakes. With some seven million visitors every year, the Peak is a major tourist attraction of Hong Kong, it has views of its waterfront. The viewing deck has coin-operated telescopes that the visitors can use to enjoy the cityscape.
The number of visitors led to the construction of two major leisure and shopping centres, the Peak Tower and the Peak Galleria, situated adjacent to each other. The Peak Tower incorporates the upper station of the Peak Tram, the funicular railway that brings passengers up from the St. John's Cathedral in Hong Kong's Central district, whilst the Peak Galleria incorporates the bus station used by the Hong Kong public buses and green minibuses on the Peak; the Peak is accessible by taxi and private car via the circuitous Peak Road, or by walking up the steep Old Peak Road from near the Zoological Botanical Gardens or the Central Green Trail from Hong Kong Park. The nearest MTR station is Central. Victoria Peak Garden is located on the site of Mountain Lodge, the Governor's old summer residence, is the closest publicly accessible point to the summit, it can be reached from Victoria Gap by walking up a climb of about 150 metres. Another popular walk is the level loop along Lugard and Harlech Roads, giving good views of the entire Hong Kong Harbour and Kowloon, as well as Lantau and Lamma Islands, encircling the summit at the level of the Peak Tower.
There are several restaurants on Victoria Peak, most of which are located in the two shopping centres. However, the Peak Lookout Restaurant, is housed in an older and more traditional building, a spacious house for engineers working on the Peak Tramway, it was rebuilt in 1901 as a stop area for sedan chairs, but was re-opened as a restaurant in 1947. In addition to being a major tourist attraction for Hong Kong, The Peak is the summit of Hong Kong's property market. At the peak of The Peak, properties are more expensive than anywhere else in the world. Most of the super-rich in Hong Kong – including Cheung Kong chairman Li Ka-shing and the Kwok brothers of Sun Hung Kai Properties – live in detached houses in Island South or The Peak. On 12 January 2014, a Barker Road property sold at over HK$100,000 per square foot for HK$690 million; the Peak is home to a few other key officials in Hong Kong: 19 Severn Road – residence of the Secretary for Justice Victoria House and Victoria Flats at 15 Barker Road – residence of the Chief Secretary for Administration Headquarters House 11 Barker Road – residence of the Commander of PLA Forces in Hong Kong and former home of the Commander-in-Chief of British Forces Chief Justice's House 18 Gough Hill Road – residence of the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong List of mountains and hills in Hong Kong List of places named after Queen Victoria The Peak Hotel, a hotel located on Victoria Peak from 1888 to 1936 Peak Reservation Ordinance Tourism in Hong Kong Photos of Victoria Peak at official Hong Kong tourism website
Sheung Wan is an area in Hong Kong, located in the north-west of Hong Kong Island, between Central and Sai Ying Pun. Administratively, it is part of the Western District; the name can be variously interpreted as Gateway District. Sheung Wan was one of the earliest settled places by the British, belonged to the historical Victoria City; the site of the original occupation of Hong Kong Island by British forces in 1842 was at Possession Street, between Queen's Road Central and Hollywood Road. A plaque to this effect can be found in Hollywood Road Park at the top of Possession Street; the foot of Possession Street, Possession Point, was at that time on the shoreline, but is now several hundred yards inland due to reclamation. Sheung Wan is surrounded by Sai Ying Pun in the west, Central in the east, Victoria Harbour in the north and Victoria Peak in the south. Part of the Mid-Levels is located within Sheung Wan; the border between Central and Sheung Wan consists of the entire Castle Lane, the entire Aberdeen Street, the entire Wing Kut Street, the section of Des Voeux Road Central between Wing Kut Street and Wing Wo Street, the section of Wing Wo Street north of Des Voeux Road Central, the section of Connaught Road Central between Wing Wo Street and Rumsey Street, the section of Rumsey Street from Connaught Road Central to the waterside.
Garfield Mansion is in Sheung Wan. The border's location south of Seymour Road in the Mid-Levels is unknown. Blake Garden Hollywood Road Park Man Mo Temple Pak Tsz Lane Park Sheung Wan Civic Centre Shun Tak Centre Soho, Hong Kong The Center Tung Wah Hospital Western Market Sheung Wan Market Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences YMCA of Hong Kong Bridges Street Centre Asia Art Archive The Sheung Wan Route is one part of Central and Western Heritage Trail designed by the Antiquities and Monuments Office and Leisure and Cultural Services Department; the route covers 35 historic sites in Sheung Wan. Streets in Sheung Wan include: Aberdeen Street, marking the border with Central Bonham Strand and Bonham Strand West Bridges Street Cleverly Street. Named after Charles Saint George Cleverly, the 2nd Surveyor General of Hong Kong Government. Des Voeux Road Central and Des Voeux Road West Gough Street Hillier Street Hollywood Road Jervois Street Ladder Street and other ladder streets Man Wa Lane Morrison Street Possession Street Pound Lane, a ladder street Queen's Road Central and Queen's Road West Rumsey Street Shing Wong Street, a ladder street Tai Ping Shan Street, a popular shopping street Upper and Lower Lascar Row Wellington Street, Hong Kong Wing Lee Street Wing Lok Street Wing Sing Street Sheung Wan is served by the Sheung Wan Station the western terminus of the Island Line of the MTR metro system.
Kennedy Town became the new terminus of the Island on December 28, 2014. Trams run through Sheung Wan, one of the tram termini, Western Market, is located at the junction of Des Voeux Road Central and Morrison Street near its namesake; the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal in the Shun Tak Centre has ferries and helicopters to Macau and to several destinations in Mainland China. Numerous bus routes run through Sheung Wan. Central Bus Terminus, located next to the Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal, is one of the largest bus termini on Hong Kong Island; the head office of Wing On is in Wing On Centre in Sheung Wan. Due to the high French expatriate population, the French International School of Hong Kong operated a Kindergarten campus in Shops 2-4 on the ground floor of Tung Fai Gardens in Sheung Wan. Central and Western Heritage Trail: Sheung Wan Route Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail List of areas of Hong Kong
Bridges Street is a 300-metre two-way street in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong. On the east, the street intersects Staunton Street. On the west, it intersects Square Street; the west side of the street ends with a staircase. Therefore, to go to Hollywood Road, drivers must drive back to Aberdeen Street, its name comes from William Thomas Bridges, a British lawyer, Acting Attorney General and Acting Colonial Secretary, active in Hong Kong from 1851 to 1861. Bridges was an old friend of the 4th Governor of Hong Kong; the law firm established by Bridges became known as Deacons. Bridges Street Market. A Bauhaus style market opened in 1953, scheduled to be renovated and open in 2018 as a news museum, it was built on the site of the former American Congregational Mission Preaching House at which Dr. Sun Yat-Sen was baptised into Christianity in 1883. CentreStage, a new luxury landmark apartment near Soho, Hong Kong Ladder Street King's College Old Boys' Association Primary School; the Church of Christ in China China Congregational Church.
Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong Bridges Street Centre. Built in 1918 in Eclectic architectural style with Chicago School influence; the architects were Hussey of Chicago, which specialised in YMCA building design. The premises included the first indoor swimming pool in Hong Kong and sports playground with a jogging track, it is part of the Western Heritage Trail. Its central building was a Grade II historic building and was listed as a Grade I historic building in 2009. Island Christian Academy Bridges Street on Google Map
Lower Albert Road
Lower Albert Road is a road on the Government Hill in the Central area of Hong Kong. It is named after husband of Queen Victoria; the south major entrance of the Former Central Government Offices, where major officials worked until 2011, is located at the Lower Albert Road and was another common destination for protests after Government House of Upper Albert Road. The East and Main Wings of the Former Central Government Offices are on Lower Albert; the West Wing address is on Ice House Street. Starting from the junction with Wyndham Street and Glenealy near the Fringe Club, Lower Albert Road passes the Bishop's House and meets Ice House Street near Hong Kong Central Hospital, it branches Upper Albert Road beneath Government House and goes along the south side of Former Central Government Offices and ends in Garden Road near the terminus of Peak Tram. As it is part of early development of Victoria City, some old ficus microcarpa are located beside the road. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong List of old and valuable tree Google Maps of Lower Albert Road
Pedder Street is a major thoroughfare in the core of Hong Kong's Central District. It runs south-north from Queen's Road Central, continues through Des Voeux Road Central, ends at its intersection with Connaught Road Central; the street was named after Lieutenant William Pedder, first lieutenant of the Nemesis, Britain's first ocean-going iron warship, the first harbour master of Hong Kong. Pedder Street was established at the centre of Hong Kong's commerce in the early colonial days; the premises of Hong Kong's two most powerful trading hongs at the time, Dent & Co. and Jardine, Matheson & Co. were located on The Praya Central, Victoria's original waterfront, on the opposite sides of Pedder Street. Dent & Co. one of the key founding members of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, had a sprawling complex which stretched along the Praya, a west wing which abutted Pedder Street. Pedder Street ran from Pedder's Hill, where the Harbour Master's Office was established, south to north ending at Pedder's Wharf on the Praya.
The street was extended north by 1904 when the Praya Reclamation Scheme finished transforming the old Praya into the modern day Des Voeux Road, along with a further stretch of land running north up to Connaught Road on which the General Post Office and Union Building were built. The new pier built at the end of Pedder Street following the reclamation was named "Blake Pier" after the city's 13th Governor. Served as the official wharf of the colonial establishment from 1841 to 1890s. In February 1886, the first pile of the new Pedder's Wharf was driven in 38 feet from the praya wall. "Three similar piles have been towed over from Tsim Sha Tsui and are ready to be put in place". The new wharf, located at the junction of Pedder Street and Des Voeux Road, extended 195 feet out from the praya wall, was 40 feet wide. Six sets of steps lead down to the water. Pedder Wharf became landlocked after the big reclamation scheme of 1890–1904, was replaced by Blake Pier; the palatial offices of Dent & Co. occupied the site where Gloucester Tower, The Landmark, stands today.
They were constructed in 1850, the site was redeveloped in 1864. Dent & Co. went into financial distress in 1866 and sold half of its land on Pedder Street to the newly established Hongkong Hotel Company. The hotel was duly built, became Hong Kong's first deluxe hotel; the remaining part of the west wing was let out to other trading firms. The Hong Kong Hotel was Hong Kong's first deluxe hotel when it opened in 1866. In 1951, the hotel was closed down, the building was bought up by a local Chinese investment group for office use. In 1957, the building was redeveloped into the present Central Building. In 1862, at the southern end of the street where it meets Queen's Road, the Pedder Street Clock Tower was completed and was the landmark of Central until it was demolished, it chimed for the first time at midnight on 31 December 1862. The 80 feet tall clock tower with a lighted dial, designed by a Mr. Rawlings, was to be funded by subscriptions, but the lack of public response meant that many of the more elaborate decorative features were jettisoned.
In the end, a donation was secured from Scotsman Douglas Lapraik, one of the most successful Tai-pans who founded the Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock Company, precursor of Hutchison Whampoa. The clock tower was taken down in 1913. In 1915, one of the clock faces was integrated into the clock tower at the Kowloon–Canton Railway terminus in Tsim Sha Tsui. In its heyday, Dent occupied the south-western corner of Pedder Street, where it had established a "Tea Exchange". In 1846, it was transformed into Supreme Court and General Post Office; this land was auctioned in 1921. The resulting China Building was completed in 1924. Further reclamations had taken place in the meantime; the General Post Office was relocated in 1911 to new premises on the newly reclaimed section of Pedder Street where the wharf once was. It was a typical Edwardian municipal construction of granite and red brick, situated there until 1976. To make way for Pedder Station of the MTR, the General Post Office was moved to Connaught Place.
The old building was demolished in 1976, World-Wide House was built in its place. Pedder Building occupied the site next to the China Building since 1924; the basement suite of the building was occupied for most of the post-war period by the auctioneering firm Lammert Bros., operating in Hong Kong since 1855. The basement was occupied by Shanghai Tang's flagship store until October 2011. American clothing retailer Abercrombie & Fitch moved into the premises and three upper storeys in August 2012; the first Jardine House, headquarters of Jardine, Matheson & Co. was built around 1841 after Jardine's successful bid for its lots on The Praya Central. In 1908, the second Jardine House was built, it was rebuilt in around 1956, reborn in the early 1970s as Wheelock House, current headquarters of Wheelock and Company Limited, controlling shareholder of The Wharf Limited, a major conglomerate in Hong Kong. Current buildings along the street include: Pedder Building Wheelock House The Landmark, an office and shopping development Chater House World-Wide House
Tai Ping Shan Street
Tai Ping Shan Street is a street marking the early colonial history in Hong Kong. Located at the north slope of Victoria Peak in Sheung Wan, the street starts east from a ladder street at the junction with Bridges Street and end west in Po Yan Street near Tung Wah Hospital; the street runs parallel to Hollywood Road. Today, Tai Ping Shan Street is well known for its contemporary art, with plenty of pop-up galleries and other specialty retailers offering their wares to shoppers passing by. Tai Ping Shan is an alternative name to Victoria Peak, means "Peace Hill". After the cession of Hong Kong Island from Qing China to British in the 1840s, British forces made garrison here and the government relocated all Chinese residents in Choong Wan to the area surrounding Tai Ping Shan Street; the Chinese writer Wang Tao wrote in 1860 that the street was full of brothels: "gaudy houses, sporting brightly painted doors and windows with fancy curtains". The population soared after Eight-Nation Alliance invasion of China.
In May 1894, the bubonic plague, ravaging China and caused massive deaths in the area. The Hong Kong Government soon implemented a series of measures including cleaning of street, demolishing residences to build Blake Garden, establishing the Bacteriological Institute. Description on the plague outbreak in History of Colonial Hong Kong Central and Western Heritage Trail First Opium War List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Media related to Tai Ping Shan Street at Wikimedia Commons