List of Greek dishes

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This is a list of notable dishes found in Greek cuisine.

Salads, spreads, dips[edit]

Name Image Description
Greek salad (χωριάτικη σαλάτα) Greek Salad Choriatiki.jpg Greek salad consists of tomatoes, sliced cucumbers, onion, feta cheese, and olives (usually Kalamata olives), typically seasoned with salt and oregano, and dressed with olive oil. Sliced capsicum, usually green, is often added also.
Dakos (ντάκος) Koukouvagia.jpg Dry barley rusk, soaked in olive oil and topped with sliced tomatoes, herbs, and feta cheese. Capers are often added also
Taramosalata (ταραμοσαλάτα) Taramosalata01.jpg Fish roe, breadcrumbs, olive oil, lemon juice.
Tirokafteri (τυροκαυτερή) Tirokafteri.jpg Sometimes written 'tyrokafteri'. A spread or dip of feta cheese, roasted red peppers, and (rarely) garlic. Can be spicy hot or mild.
Tzatziki (τζατζίκι) Tzatziki Greek meze or appetizer, also used as a sauce.jpg Dip made from combining yogurt, cucumber, and (usually) garlic. Dill is sometimes added according to people's tastes. Olive oil is typically added.
Skordalia (σκορδαλιά) Skordalia, hummus and vegetables.jpg A purée that typically accompanies fried cod (called bakaliaros or μπακαλιάρος) and in some cases, salads. The main ingredients are potato, garlic, olive oil and vinegar.

Appetizers[edit]

Name Image Description
Florina peppers (πιπεριές Φλωρίνης) Stuffed peppers in Kardamena, Kos, Greece (5654605884).jpg Roasted red bell peppers dressed with olive oil and vinegar, often stuffed with such things as feta cheese and herbs.
Fried squid (καλαμαράκια τηγανιτ Calamares tapas.jpg Batter-coated, deep fried squid, served plain, with salt and lemon on the side.
Kolokythoanthoi (κολοκυθοανθοί) Kolokythoanthoi gemistoi me giaourti.jpg Fried zucchini flowers often stuffed with rice and various herbs and spices.
Lakerda (λακέρδα) Hamsi lakerda.jpg A pickled bonito dish eaten as a meze in the Balkans and Middle East.
Loukaniko (χωριάτικο λουκάνικο) Loukaniko.jpg Sausage made from pork and/or lamb, typically flavored with orange zest or leeks.
Octopus (χταπόδι) Greekoctopus.jpg Usually grilled and served as a meze or as a main dish. Dressed with lemon juice.
Pita (πίτα) Pita From Greece.jpg Several styles of pita are found all over Greece, with fillings such as cheese (τυρόπιτα), spinach (σπανακόπιτα), leek (πρασόπιτα), onions (κρεμμυδόπιτα), minced meat (κρεατόπιτα), and custard (γαλατόπιτα).
Spanakopita (σπανακόπιτα) Spanikopita Greek dish.jpg A filo pastry pie of spinach and feta cheese filling.
Tiropita (τυρόπιτα) Tiropita Greek dish.jpg Tiropita or tyropita is a Greek layered pastry pie of a feta cheese filling.

Soups[edit]

Name Image Description
Faki (φακή) Red lentil soup.jpg A popular lentil soup usually served with vinegar and olives and/or smoked herring (kipper).
Fasolada (φασολάδα) Fasolada.JPG A popular bean soup considered a traditional Greek dish. It is typically made from various beans, tomatoes, carrot, onion, celery, dried herbs, and plenty of olive oil.
Kotosoupa (κοτόσουπα) Chicken soup 3,.JPG A hearty chicken soup with pieces of chicken, thin pasta called fides (φιδές), and a rich flavored broth, but vegetables are not commonly added.
Hortosoupa (χορτόσουπα) A mixture of a variety of vegetables. Main ingredients are carrot, cabbage, zucchini, onions and potato. Sometimes served with cheese or yogurt.[1]
Kakavia (κακαβιά) A Greek fish soup that has its name comes from the kakavi, the tripod cooking pot used by ancient Ionian fishermen.
Magiritsa (μαγειρίτσα) Mageiritsa soup.jpg A traditional Easter soup made with lamb offal and thickened with avgolemono, but endives and dill are commonly added.
Patsas (πατσάς) Shkembe-chorba.jpg A tripe soup that comes from Greece or the Baltic States.
Psarosoupa (ψαρόσουπα) Various fish soups, using various fish and possibly vegetables (carrots, parsley, celery, potatoes, onion, or zucchini).
Avgolemono (αβγολέμονο) Avgolemono soup.jpg A family of sauces and soups made with egg yolk and lemon juice mixed with broth, heated until they thicken.

Vegetarian and non-meat dishes[edit]

Very popular during fasting periods, such as the Great Lent:

Name Image Description
Anginares a la Polita (αγκινάρες αλά πολίτα) Artichokes with olive oil.
Arakas me aginares (αρακάς με αγκινάρες) Fresh peas and artichokes mixed together. The artichokes can be substituted with potatoes, and carrot is also typically added.
Bamies (μπάμιες) Okra with tomato sauce, often with potatoes and/or some type of meat.
Briám (μπριάμ) An oven-baked ratatouille of summer vegetables based on sliced potatoes and zucchini in olive oil. Usually includes eggplant, tomatoes, onions, and ample aromatic herbs and seasonings.
Fasolakia (φασολάκια) FasolakiaPrasinaLadera.jpg Fresh green beans stewed in tomato sauce. Some people might also add potatoes, carrots, and/or zucchini.
Gigandes plaki (γίγαντες πλακί) Gigandes plaki.jpg Baked beans with tomato sauce and various herbs.[2] Often made spicy with various peppers.
Hilopites (χυλόπιτες) Greek egg pasta.
Horta (χόρτα) Vrasta horta.jpg Quite often consumed as a (very) light main meal, and sometimes served with boiled potatoes and bread.
Lachanorizo (λαχανόριζο) Cabbage with rice
Manestra (μανέστρα) Orzo.jpg A form of short-cut pasta, identical to risoni. It can be served alone, as a soup accompaniment, as part of a salad, or baked in a casserole.
Omeletta (ομελέτα) Muscari comosum omelet.JPG A fried egg cooked with vegetables such as spinach, peppers and onions then cheese.
Prassorizo (πρασόρυζο) Prasorizo.jpg Leeks and rice stew cooked in lemon juice and olive oil.
Spanakorizo (σπανακόρυζο) Spinach and rice stew cooked in lemon juice and olive oil. Lamb can often be added.
Strapatsada (στραπατσάδα) Strapatsada.jpg Greek-style scrambled eggs and tomato.
Tsouknidopita (τσουκνιδόπιτα) Tsouknidopita.JPG Nettle pie with filo pastry, (sheep's milk) butter and feta cheese
Yemista (γεμιστά) Gemistagreek.jpg Baked stuffed vegetables. Usually tomatoes, peppers, or other vegetables such as potato and zucchini, hollowed out and baked with a rice and herb filling. Minced meat is also commonly used in the filling.

Meat and fish dishes[edit]

Name Image Description
Baked lamb with potatoes (αρνί στο φούρνο με πατάτες) A common Greek dish. There are many variations with additional ingredients.
Giouvetsi (γιουβέτσι) Giouvetsi.JPG Baked lamb in a clay pot with kritharaki (a Greek pasta identical to risoni or orzo)
Gyros (γύρος) Pita giros.JPG Roasted and sliced meat on a turning spit, typically served with sauces like tzatziki and garnishes (tomato, onions) on pita bread (a popular fast food in Greece and Cyprus).
Kotopoulo me ryzi (κοτόπουλο με ρύζι) Greek Food (2874648940).jpg Chicken with rice
Kreatopita (κρεατόπιτα) Kefalonian kreatopita.jpg A meat pie using lamb, goat, or pork mince (or a combination thereof) with rice and a light tomato sauce wrapped in pastry kneaded with white wine. Popular dish on the island of Kefalonia.
Kleftiko (κλέφτικο) Kleftiko.JPG Literally meaning of the klephts, this Cypriot dish is lamb slow-baked on the bone, first marinated in garlic and lemon juice, originally cooked in a pit oven. It is often baked with potatoes.
Kokkinisto (κοκκινιστό) "Kokkinisto" means 'reddened', and is a family of meat stews with tomatoes.
Kokoretsi (κοκορέτσι) Kokoretsi.jpg A dish of the Balkans, Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan and Turkey consisting of lamb or goat intestines wrapped around seasoned offal, including sweetbreads, hearts, lungs, or kidneys, and typically grilled; a variant consists of chopped innards cooked on a griddle.
Keftedakia (κεφτεδάκια) Koofteh tabrizi.jpg Meatballs, either fried or oven-baked, seasoned with salt and spices, typically oregano and mint. Some people add grated carrots and/or capsicum along with onions to the mixture.
Makaronia me alata kima (μακαρόνια με άλατα κιμά) Pasta topped with saltsa kima
Moussaka (μουσακάς) MussakasMeKolokithakiaKePatates.jpg Casserole made of (typically fried) aubergine, potato, and spiced minced meat. There are other, less common variations besides eggplant, such as zucchini.
Mydia (μύδια) CornishMussels.JPG Mussels
Païdakia (παϊδάκια) Griechisches Essen 02 (RaBoe).jpg Grilled lamb chops with lemon, oregano, salt and pepper.
Pastitsio (παστίτσιο) Pastitsio.jpg A baked pasta dish with a filling of ground, spiced minced meat and a Bechamel sauce topping.
Safridia (σαφρίδια) Chicharro asado con bilbaína.jpg Mackerel is a fish high in oils and as it is grilled, the skin has a hint of a smoky flavour.
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika (σουτζουκάκια σμυρνέικα) Soutzoukakia smyrneika.jpg Sausages made from minced meat in a red wine sauce.
Snails (σαλιγκάρια) SnailsInTomatoFromCrete.JPG In Greece and Italy, snails are eaten in a diversity of dishes and sometimes they are even used in sauces and poured over various types of pasta. On Crete, one popular dish is snails in tomato sauce.
Souvlaki (σουβλάκι) Souvlaki Platter.jpg (Lit: 'little skewer') Anything grilled on a skewer (lamb, chicken, pork, swordfish, shrimp). Most common is lamb, pork, and chicken, typically marinated in oil, salt, pepper, oregano and lemon. Also known as kalamaki (καλαμάκι)
Spetsofai (σπετσοφάι) Spetsofai.jpg A dish made from country-style sausages, peppers, onions and wine. Originates from Mt. Pelion.
Stifado (στιφάδο) Game (rabbit, venison, etc.) stew with pearl onions, red wine and cinnamon.
Xiphias (ξιφίας) Swordfish in Limnionas, Kos, Greece (5653643083).jpg Swordfish is generally grilled.

Desserts and sweets[edit]

Name Image Description Baklava
Bougatsa (μπουγάτσα) Bougatsa.png Pastry consisting of either vanilla custard or (salty) cheese filling between layers of phyllo.
Diples (δίπλες) Greek diples.jpg A Christmas and wedding delicacy made of thin, sheet-like dough which is cut in large squares and dipped in a swirling fashion in a pot of hot olive oil for a few seconds. As the dough fries, it stiffens into a helical tube; it is then removed immediately and sprinkled with a great amount of honey and crushed walnuts. Originates from Crete.[3]
Fanouropita (φανουρόπιτα) Fanouropita.jpg A kind of spicebread with ground cloves and cinnamon, resembling a sweet bread rather than a cake. Baked typically on the feast day of Saint Fanourios (August 27), after who it is named.
Finikia (φοινίκια) Finikia at the 2011 Greek Festival.jpg The basic ingredients for finikia involve varieties of flour and butter, as well as sugar. Many varieties of this dish exist, including citrus flavourings.
Galaktoboureko (γαλακτομπούρεκο) Galaktoboureko.jpg Custard between layers of filo.
Karydopita (καρυδόπιτα) A soft walnut cake flavoured with various spices.
Koulourakia (κουλουράκια) Koulourakia.jpg Butter or olive-oil cookies, typically baked for Easter.
Kourabiedes (κουραμπιέδες) Kourabiedes platter 2008 01 08.jpg Christmas cookies made by kneading flour, butter and crushed roasted almonds, then generously dusted with powdered sugar. Can also be baked for Easter.
Lazarakia (λαζαράκια) Lazarakia On Plate.jpg Lazarákia are small, sweet spice breads made on Lazarus Saturday, the Saturday that begins Holy Week.
Loukoumades (λουκουμάδες) Friged balls of dough that are often spiced with cinamon and drizzled with honey.
Melomakarona (μελομακάρονα) Melomakarona.jpg "Honey macaroons" which are cookies soaked in a syrup of diluted honey (μέλι or meli in Greek, thus melo-makarona), then sprinkled with crushed walnuts. Typically baked for Easter and Christmas.
Milopita (μηλόπιτα) Apple pie with cinnamon and powdered sugar.
Moustalevria (μουσταλευριά) A flour and grape must pudding. Typically found in Cyprus.
Moustokouloura (μουστοκούλουρα) Cookies of flour kneaded with fresh grape must instead of water.
Paschaliná Melitínia (Πασχαλινά Μελιτίνια) Πασχαλινά Μελιτίνια (Melitinia).jpg These sweet cheese pastries originated in the Cyclades. Soft myzithra goat's milk cheese is typically used as a filling, but ricotta can also be used as a substitute.
Pasteli (παστέλι) Kefalonian pasteli.jpg Pasteli are sesame seed candy made from sesame seeds, sugar, and/or honey pressed into a bar. Typically found on the Greek islands.
Rizogalo (ρυζόγαλο) Literally meaning 'rice-milk', this is the Greek version of rice pudding. Commonly sprinkled with cinnamon.
Spoon sweets (γλυκά του κουταλιού) Gliko toy koytalioy visino.jpg Made of various fruits, ripe or unripe, or green unripe nuts. Spoon sweets are essentially made the same way as marmalade, except that the fruit are boiled whole or in large chunks. One particular type of spoon sweet, called υποβρύχιο (literally meaning submarine), is made from mastic, which is found on the island of Chios.
Tsoureki (τσουρέκι) Paskalya coregi.jpg An Easter sweet bread also known as Lambropsomo (λαμπρόψωμο or Easter bread), flavoured with "mahlepi", the intensely aromatic extract of the stone of the St. Lucie Cherry. It is commonly adorned with almond flakes and red-dyed eggs, according to Easter tradition.
Vasilopita (βασιλόπιτα) Greek vasilopita.JPG Saint Basil's cake or King's cake, traditionally prepared for New Year's Day. Vasilopites are often baked with a coin inside, and whoever comes across the coin in their slice is considered to have God's blessing for the new year.

Cheeses[edit]

There is a wide variety of cheeses made in various regions across Greece. The vast majority of them are unknown outside Greece. Many artisanal hand made cheeses, both common varieties and local specialties, are produced by small family farms throughout Greece and offer distinct flavors. A good list of some of the varieties of cheese produced and consumed in Greece can be found in the List of cheeses article, under the name of the country. Here are some of the more popular throughout Greece:

Name Image Description
Anthotyros (Ανθότυρος) A traditional fresh and flowery cheese and there are Dry Anthotyros and Fresh Anthotyros.
Formaela (Φορμαέλλα) A hard cheese produced exclusively in Arachova, Greece and it is famous and registered in the European Union as a protected designation of origin since 1996.
Feta (φέτα) Greek feta.jpg Feta is a white salty Greek cheese slice made from the milk of sheep or goats.
Graviera (γραβιέρα) Fromage de Crète (Graviera).JPG Graviera is one of the most popular cheeses in Crete. It is a hard cheese with a light yellow color, and has a slightly sweet and nutty taste. The Cretan version (there is also a graviera made in Naxos) is made from sheep's milk, or sheep's milk with a small amount of goat's milk.
Kasseri (Κασέρι) Kasseri is a medium-hard pale yellow cheese made from unpasteurized sheep's milk with very little, if any, goat's milk mixed in.
Kefalotyri (κεφαλοτύρι) Kefalotyri.jpg Kefalotyri or kefalotiri is a hard, salty yellow cheese made from sheep milk and/or goat's milk in Greece and Cyprus.
Kefalograviera (Κεφαλογραβιέρα) Kefalograviera is a hard table cheese usually produced from sheep's milk or mixture of sheep's and goat's milk.
Myzithra (μυζήθρα) Homemade Mizithra.jpg Mizithra or Myzithra is a fresh cheese made with milk and whey from sheep and/or goats. The ratio of milk to whey usually is 7 to 3.
Manouri (μανούρι) Manouri.jpg Manouri is a Greek semi-soft, fresh white whey cheese made from goat or sheep milk as a by-product following the production of feta. It is produced primarily in Thessalia and Macedonia in central and northern Greece.
Metsovone (Μετσοβόνε) Μετσοβόνε 6304.jpg Metsovone is a semi-hard smoked pasta filata cheese produced in the region of Metsovo. Metsovone has been a European protected designation of origin since 1996. Metsovone is manufactured from cow’s milk or a mixture of cow and sheep or goat milk.

Drinks[edit]

Name Image Description
Commandaria (κουμανδαρία) Commandaria bottle.jpg A fortified wine described by Hesiod in ancient times produced in Cyprus and used by during Holy Communion.
Greek beer (ελληνική μπύρα) Fix Hellas Beer glass and bottle.jpg Widely drunk; common brands include Vergina, Heineken, Amstel, Zeos, Mythos, Alfa Hellenic Lager, Fix, Henninger, and Kaiser, all of which are produced locally, some under license.
Greek coffee (ελληνικός καφές) A cup of coffee milk.jpg A strong coffee brewed in a briki (μπρίκι) and served with a glass of water.
Greek frappé coffee (καφέ φραπέ) Frappe (4547117210).jpg A foam-covered drink derived from spray-dried instant coffee that is consumed cold.
Mastichato (μαστιχάτο) MastichatoDrink.jpg Mastika is a liquor seasoned with mastic, a resin gathered from the mastic tree, a small evergreen tree native to the island of Chios.
Mavrodafni (μαυροδάφνη Πατρών) Mavrodaphne.jpg Sweet, liquor-style, red wine with higher alcohol percentage than normal. This dessert wine originated in the city of Patras.
Metaxa (Μεταξά) METAXA 12 stars.JPG A brand of sweet brandy, 40% alcohol content.
Ouzo (ούζο) Ouzo Ouzo.JPG An 80-proof clear alcoholic beverage that is flavored with anise; it turns milky white with water or ice.
Rakı (ρακή) WP 20140904 019.jpg An unsweetened, occasionally (depending on area of production) anise-flavored, alcoholic drink that is popular in Albania, Greece (where it is distinctly different and comes as an unflavored distillate, unlike its Turkish counterpart), Iran, Turkic countries, and in the Balkan countries as an apéritif.
Retsina (ρετσίνα) Retsina.JPG A white wine with pine resin added; a specialty in North Greece (Thessaloniki). It is invariably drunk young.
Tentura (τεντούρα) Tentura.jpg A cinnamon flavored liquor from Patras.
Tsikoudia (τσικουδιά) Kazani amira2.jpg An alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Cretan origin that contains 25% to 32% alcohol by volume.
Tsipouro (τσίπουρο) KretaRaki PL.JPG Often home-brewed, a clear drink produced from grape pomace, often with higher alcohol content, and usually not flavored with herbs. The city of Volos at the centre of Greece is well known for its Tsipouradika (literally: tsipouro places). In Thessaly tsipouro is always flavored with anise.The Cypriot version is called Zivania using pomace from Xynisteri and Mavro grapes sometimes flavored with cinnamon.
Wine (ελληνικό κρασί) Muscat de Samos.jpg The most common drink in Greece. Legend claims that wine was invented on the island of Icaria.

References[edit]