List of IIHF World Championship medalists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The gold medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons (representing Canada), pictured en route to the 1920 Olympics, which were counted as the first ice hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), it was preceded by the European Championship which was held from 1910 to 1932. The first World Championship tournament was decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Subsequently, ice hockey was featured at the Winter Olympic Games, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently, until the 1968 Winter Olympics; the first three championships were contested at the Olympics, while the first World Championships that were an individual event were held in 1930.[1]

The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III; the teams in the championship play a preliminary and qualifying round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as "amateur" were allowed to compete in the tournament; because of this, players from the National Hockey League and its senior minor-league teams were not allowed to compete, while the Soviet Union was allowed to use permanent full-time players who were positioned as regular workers of an aircraft industry or tractor industry employer that sponsored what would be presented as an after-hours amateur social sports society team for their workers. In 1970, after an agreement to allow just a small number of its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament.[2] Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered, using some NHL players from those teams that were not good enough to reach the Stanley Cup playoffs.[3]

As of 2018, 82 tournaments have been staged. From 1920 to 1930, the Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournaments held counted as the World Championships and no tournaments in between were held. No championships were held from 1940 to 1946 due to World War II, nor during the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988.[4] Ten nations have won a gold medal at the World Championships and a total of fourteen have won medals. Canada has won 48 medals, the most of any nation; the Soviet Union, which began competing in year 1954 and last competed in 1991, captured a medal in every tournament they entered.[1] In winning the 2006 World Championships, Sweden became the first nation in sports history to win an Olympic gold as well as a separate World Championship in the same season.[5]

Champions[edit]

Key
  dagger   The Summer Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
  *   The Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
(#) Number of tournaments won at the time. Second number indicates total while country was part of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia.
Year 1st, gold medalist(s) Gold 2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 dagger  Canada (1)  United States (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp (1)  Belgium (1)
1924 *  Canada (2)  United States (2)  Great Britain (1) Chamonix (1)  France (1)
1928 *  Canada (3)  Sweden (1)   Switzerland (1) St. Moritz (1)   Switzerland (1)
1930  Canada (4)  Germany (1)   Switzerland (2) Chamonix (2)
Berlin (1)
Vienna (1)
 France (2)
 Germany (1)
 Austria (1)
1931  Canada (5)  United States (3)  Austria (1) Krynica-Zdrój (1)  Poland (1)
1932 *  Canada (6)  United States (4)  Germany (1) Lake Placid (1)  United States (1)
1933  United States (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2) Prague (1)  Czechoslovakia (1)
1934  Canada (7)  United States (5)  Germany (2) Milan (1)  Italy (1)
1935  Canada (8)   Switzerland (1)  Great Britain (2) Davos (1)   Switzerland (2)
1936 *  Great Britain (1)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Garmisch-Partenkirchen (1)  Germany (2)
1937  Canada (9)  Great Britain (1)   Switzerland (3) London (1)  Great Britain (1)
1938  Canada (10)  Great Britain (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Prague (2)  Czechoslovakia (2)
1939  Canada (11)  United States (6)   Switzerland (4) Zürich (1) and Basel (1)   Switzerland (3)
1940–
1946
Competitions not held because of World War II
1947  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (2)  Austria (2) Prague (3)  Czechoslovakia (3)
1948 *  Canada (12)  Czechoslovakia (1)   Switzerland (5) St. Moritz (2)   Switzerland (4)
1949  Czechoslovakia (2)  Canada (3)  United States (2) Stockholm (1)  Sweden (1)
1950  Canada (13)  United States (7)   Switzerland (6) London (2)  Great Britain (2)
1951  Canada (14)  Sweden (3)   Switzerland (7) Paris (1)  France (3)
1952 *  Canada (15)  United States (8)  Sweden (1) Oslo (1) and Drammen (1)  Norway (1)
1953  Sweden (1)  West Germany (2)   Switzerland (8) Zürich (2) and Basel (2)   Switzerland (5)
1954  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (4)  Sweden (2) Stockholm (2)  Sweden (2)
1955  Canada (16)  Soviet Union (1)  Czechoslovakia (4) Krefeld (1), Dortmund (1)
and Cologne (1)
 West Germany (3)
1956 *  Soviet Union (2)  United States (9)  Canada (1) Cortina d'Ampezzo (1)  Italy (2)
1957  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (5) Moscow (1)  Soviet Union (1)
1958  Canada (17)  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (3) Oslo (2)  Norway (2)
1959  Canada (18)  Soviet Union (4)  Czechoslovakia (6) Prague (4), Bratislava (1)
and Ostrava (1)
 Czechoslovakia (4)
1960 *  United States (2)  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (1) Squaw Valley (1)  United States (2)
1961  Canada (19)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Soviet Union (2) Geneva (1) and Lausanne (1)   Switzerland (6)
1962  Sweden (3)  Canada (6)  United States (3) Colorado Springs (1) and Denver (1)  United States (3)
1963  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (4)  Czechoslovakia (7) Stockholm (3)  Sweden (3)
1964 *  Soviet Union (4)  Sweden (5)  Czechoslovakia (8) Innsbruck (1)  Austria (2)
1965  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Sweden (4) Tampere (1)  Finland (1)
1966  Soviet Union (6)  Czechoslovakia (4)  Canada (2) Ljubljana (1)  Yugoslavia (1)
1967  Soviet Union (7)  Sweden (6)  Canada (3) Vienna (2)  Austria (3)
1968 *  Soviet Union (8)  Czechoslovakia (5)  Canada (4) Grenoble (1)  France (4)
1969  Soviet Union (9)  Sweden (7)  Czechoslovakia (9) Stockholm (4)  Sweden (4)
1970  Soviet Union (10)  Sweden (8)  Czechoslovakia (10) Stockholm (5)  Sweden (5)
1971  Soviet Union (11)  Czechoslovakia (6)  Sweden (5) Bern (1) and Geneva (2)   Switzerland (7)
1972  Czechoslovakia (3)  Soviet Union (5)  Sweden (6) Prague (5)  Czechoslovakia (5)
1973  Soviet Union (12)  Sweden (9)  Czechoslovakia (11) Moscow (2)  Soviet Union (2)
1974  Soviet Union (13)  Czechoslovakia (7)  Sweden (7) Helsinki (1)  Finland (2)
1975  Soviet Union (14)  Czechoslovakia (8)  Sweden (8) Munich (1) and Düsseldorf (1)  West Germany (4)
1976  Czechoslovakia (4)  Soviet Union (6)  Sweden (9) Katowice (1)  Poland (2)
1977  Czechoslovakia (5)  Sweden (10)  Soviet Union (3) Vienna (3)  Austria (4)
1978  Soviet Union (15)  Czechoslovakia (9)  Canada (5) Prague (6)  Czechoslovakia (6)
1979  Soviet Union (16)  Czechoslovakia (10)  Sweden (10) Moscow (3)  Soviet Union (3)
1980 Competition not held during 1980 Olympics
1981  Soviet Union (17)  Sweden (11)  Czechoslovakia (12) Gothenburg (1) and Stockholm (6)  Sweden (6)
1982  Soviet Union (18)  Czechoslovakia (11)  Canada (6) Helsinki (2) and Tampere (2)  Finland (3)
1983  Soviet Union (19)  Czechoslovakia (12)  Canada (7) Düsseldorf (2), Dortmund (2)
and Munich (2)
 West Germany (5)
1984 Competition not held during 1984 Olympics
1985  Czechoslovakia (6)  Canada (7)  Soviet Union (4) Prague (7)  Czechoslovakia (7)
1986  Soviet Union (20)  Sweden (12)  Canada (8) Moscow (4)  Soviet Union (4)
1987  Sweden (4)  Soviet Union (7)  Czechoslovakia (13) Vienna (4)  Austria (5)
1988 Competition not held during 1988 Olympics
1989  Soviet Union (21)  Canada (8)  Czechoslovakia (14) Stockholm (7) and Södertälje (1)  Sweden (7)
1990  Soviet Union (22)  Sweden (13)  Czechoslovakia (15) Bern (2) and Fribourg (1)   Switzerland (8)
1991  Sweden (5)  Canada (9)  Soviet Union (5) Turku (1), Helsinki (3) and Tampere (3)  Finland (4)
1992  Sweden (6)  Finland (1)  Czechoslovakia (16) Prague (8) and Bratislava (2)  Czechoslovakia (8)
1993  Russia (1/23)  Sweden (14)  Czech Republic (1/17) Dortmund (3) and Munich (3)  Germany (6)
1994  Canada (20)  Finland (2)  Sweden (11) Bolzano (1), Canazei (1) and Milan (2)  Italy (3)
1995  Finland (1)  Sweden (15)  Canada (9) Stockholm (8) and Gävle (1)  Sweden (8)
1996  Czech Republic (1/7)  Canada (10)  United States (4) Vienna (5)  Austria (6)
1997  Canada (21)  Sweden (16)  Czech Republic (2/18) Helsinki (4), Turku (2) and Tampere (4)  Finland (5)
1998  Sweden (7)  Finland (3)  Czech Republic (3/19) Zürich (3) and Basel (3)   Switzerland (9)
1999  Czech Republic (2/8)  Finland (4)  Sweden (12) Oslo (3), Lillehammer (1) and Hamar (1)  Norway (3)
2000  Czech Republic (3/9)  Slovakia (1)  Finland (1) Saint Petersburg (1)  Russia (1)
2001  Czech Republic (4/10)  Finland (5)  Sweden (13) Cologne (2), Hanover (1)
and Nuremberg (1)
 Germany (7)
2002  Slovakia (1)  Russia (1/8)  Sweden (14) Gothenburg (2), Karlstad (1)
and Jönköping (1)
 Sweden (9)
2003  Canada (22)  Sweden (17)  Slovakia (1) Helsinki (5), Tampere (5) and Turku (3)  Finland (6)
2004  Canada (23)  Sweden (18)  United States (5) Prague (9) and Ostrava (2)  Czech Republic (1)
2005  Czech Republic (5/11)  Canada (11)  Russia (1/6) Innsbruck (2) and Vienna (6)  Austria (7)
2006  Sweden (8)  Czech Republic (1/13)  Finland (2) Riga (1)  Latvia (1)
2007  Canada (24)  Finland (6)  Russia (2/7) Moscow (5) and Mytishchi (1)  Russia (2)
2008  Russia (2/24)  Canada (12)  Finland (3) Halifax (1) and Quebec City (1)  Canada (1)
2009  Russia (3/25)  Canada (13)  Sweden (15) Kloten (1) and Bern (3)   Switzerland (10)
2010  Czech Republic (6/12)  Russia (2/9)  Sweden (16) Cologne (3), Mannheim (1)
and Gelsenkirchen (1)
 Germany (8)
2011  Finland (2)  Sweden (19)  Czech Republic (4/20) Bratislava (3) and Košice (1)  Slovakia (1)
2012  Russia (4/26)  Slovakia (2)  Czech Republic (5/21) Helsinki (6)
Stockholm (9)
 Finland (7)
 Sweden (10)
2013  Sweden (9)   Switzerland (2)  United States (6) Stockholm (10)
Helsinki (7)
 Sweden (11)
 Finland (8)
2014  Russia (5/27)  Finland (7)  Sweden (17) Minsk (1)  Belarus (1)
2015  Canada (25)  Russia (3/10)  United States (7) Prague (10) and Ostrava (3)  Czech Republic (2)
2016  Canada (26)  Finland (8)  Russia (3/8) Moscow (6) and Saint Petersburg (2)  Russia (3)
2017  Sweden (10)  Canada (14)  Russia (4/9) Cologne (4)
Paris (2)
 Germany (9)
 France (5)
2018  Sweden (11)   Switzerland (3)  United States (8) Copenhagen (1) and Herning (1)  Denmark (1)
2019  Finland (3)  Canada (15)  Russia (5/10) Bratislava (4) and Košice (2)  Slovakia (2)

Upcoming tournament hosts[edit]

Year Host city / cities Host country / countries
2020 Zürich (4) and Lausanne (2)   Switzerland (11)
2021 Minsk (2) and Riga (2)  Belarus (2)
 Latvia (2)
2022 Helsinki (8) and Tampere (6)  Finland (9)
2023 Saint Petersburg (3)  Russia (4)
2024 Prague (11) and Ostrava (4)  Czech Republic (3)
2025 To be announced  Sweden (12)
 Denmark (2)

Medal table[edit]

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Participations Gold Silver Bronze Medals
 Russia
 Soviet Union
Total 
28
34
62
5
22
27
3
7
10
5
5
10
13
34
47
 Canada 73 26 15 09 50
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
Total 
26
52
78
6
6
12
1
12
13
5
16
21
12
34
46
 Sweden 77 11 19 017 47
 Finland 066 03 08 03 14
 United States 070 02 09 08 19
 Great Britain 015 1 02 02 5
 Slovakia 023 01 02 01 04
  Switzerland 053 00 03 08 011
 Germany
 West Germany
Total 
39
25
64
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
0
2
3
1
4
 Austria 034 00 00 02 02
Total 83 83 83 246

Finals[edit]

Since the introduction of play-off rounds in 1992, the following national teams have made the finals.

Country Gold Silver Total finals
 Canada 7 6 13
 Sweden 6 6 12
 Czech Republic 6 1 7
 Russia 5 3 8
 Finland 3 8 11
 Slovakia 1 2 3
  Switzerland 0 2 2
Total 28 28

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "International hockey timeline". IIHF. Retrieved 12 May 2008.
  2. ^ MacSkimming 1996, p. 8.
  3. ^ "IIHF World Men's Championship". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2008.
  4. ^ "All Medalists: Men: IIHF World Championships". IIHF. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  5. ^ Associated Press (21 May 2006). "Sweden Completes 'Double' at IIHF Worlds". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on 2008-05-19. Retrieved 12 May 2008.

General[edit]

External links[edit]