Floyd County, Kentucky
Floyd County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,451, the county, founded in 1800, is named for Colonel John Floyd. On December 13,1799, the Kentucky General Assembly passed legislation to form Floyd County as the 40th county of Kentucky, the county was made from parts of Fleming and Mason County, Kentucky. The legislation became effective on June 1,1800, the county was named for James John Floyd, a pioneer surveyor who helped lay out the city of Louisville. The county seat was Prestons Station, renamed Prestonsburg, the first court house burned down on April 8,1808, destroying all the early records, so the earliest records of government activity do not date prior to 1808. In 1958, the county was the site of one of the deadliest bus accidents in U. S. history. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 396 square miles. Johnson County Martin County Pike County Knott County Magoffin County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,451 people residing in the county. 98.
2% were White,0. 7% Black or African American,0. 2% Asian,0. 1% Native American,0. 2% of some other race and 0. 6% of two or more races. As of the census of 2000, there were 42,441 people,16,881 households, the population density was 108 per square mile. There were 18,551 housing units at a density of 47 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97. 73% White,1. 29% Black or African American,0. 12% Native American,0. 24% Asian,0. 08% Pacific Islander,0. 12% from other races, and 0. 42% from two or more races. 0. 61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, the Kentucky Melungeons live primarily in Floyd and Magoffin counties, especially in a valley known as Big Lick in Floyd County. 25. 20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was out with 23. 60% under the age of 18,9. 40% from 18 to 24,30. 30% from 25 to 44,24. 50% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males, the median income for a household in the county was $21,168, and the median income for a family was $25,717. Males had an income of $30,242 versus $20,569 for females
Culture of Kentucky
Although Kentuckys culture is generally considered to be Southern, it is unique in that it is influenced by the Midwest and Southern Appalachia in certain areas of the state. The state is known for bourbon and whiskey distilling, horse racing, Kentucky is more similar to the Upper South in terms of ancestry which is predominantly American. Kentucky was a state, and blacks once comprised over one-quarter of its population. However, it lacked the cotton plantation system and never had the high percentage of African Americans as most other slave states. Board of Education verdict, adopting the first state civil rights act in the South in 1966, the biggest day in horse racing, the Kentucky Derby, is preceded by the two-week Kentucky Derby Festival in Louisville. Louisville plays host to the Kentucky State Fair and the Kentucky Shakespeare Festival, Kentuckys third largest city, gives credence to its nickname of Barbecue Capital of the World by hosting the annual International Bar-B-Q Festival. Bowling Green, Kentuckys fourth largest city and home to the assembly plant in the world that manufactures the Chevrolet Corvette.
The more rural communities are not without traditions of their own, the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, hosts the annual Lincoln Days Celebration, and will host the kick-off for the National Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in February 2008. Bardstown celebrates its heritage as a major bourbon-producing region with the Kentucky Bourbon Festival, the residents of tiny Benton even pay tribute to their favorite tuber, the sweet potato, by hosting Tater Day. Residents of Clarkson in Grayson County celebrate their citys ties to the industry by celebrating the Clarkson Honeyfest. The Clarkson Honeyfest is held the last Thursday and Saturday in September, Colonel Harland Sanders, founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, is one of the most highly recognized figures in the world. Laurel County, located in the heart of the beautiful Daniel Boone National Forest, is proud to be the home of the Colonels first and original restaurant established in the 1940s. Lee Cummings, co-founder of Lees Famous Recipe Chicken, began his career in 1952 with his uncle, Colonel Sanders, the Annual World Chicken Festival is a tribute to this heritage.
The international celebration, the last full weekend of every September, is held in beautiful downtown London, the Renfro Valley Gatherin is today Americas second oldest continually broadcast radio program of any kind. It is broadcast on radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly 200 other stations across the United States. Kentucky was home to Mildred and Patty Hill, the Louisville sisters credited with composing the tune to the ditty Happy Birthday to You in 1893, Loretta Lynn, its depth lies in its signature sound — Bluegrass music. The International Bluegrass Music Museum is located in Owensboro, while the annual Festival of the Bluegrass is held in Lexington, Kentucky is home to famed jazz musician and pioneer, Lionel Hampton. Handy and R&B singer Wilson Pickett spent considerable time in Kentucky, Kentuckys cuisine is generally similar to traditional southern cooking
Music of Kentucky
The Music of Kentucky is heavily centered on Appalachian folk music and its descendants, especially in eastern Kentucky. e. Travis picking, the guitar style, is named after Merle Travis, born. Kentucky is home to the Country Music Highway, which extends from Portsmouth, the Renfro Valley Gatherin is today Americas second oldest continually broadcast radio program of any kind. It is broadcast on radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly 200 other stations across the United States. Major music venues in Kentucky include the Paramount Arts Center in Ashland, there is Sturgills Music Center in Tom T. Just south of Olive Hill is Sandy Hook, the home of Keith Whitley, whose house is now a museum. The Kentucky Opry in Prestonsburg is an institution, using the Mountain Arts Center. Louisville is home to the West Point Country Opry, while the city of Owensboro is a major bluegrass center, in the capital city, there is the Kentucky Coffeetree Cafe. The cafe is an intimate venue that features some of the top national and regional Bluegrass, American.
The Rosemary Clooney House in Augusta pays homage to the life, singers gather annually at Benton on the fourth Sunday in May to sing from a shape note hymn and tune book called The Southern Harmony, and Musical Companion. This event, first organized in 1884 and called The Big Singing or Big Singing Day, is considered by many to be the oldest indigenous musical tradition in the United States and it was organized by James Roberts Lemon, a newspaper owner and publisher in western Kentucky. Ashland is home to the Summer Motion festival and Poage Landing Days, while Olive Hill hosts the International Strange Music Weekend, the Renfro Valley Barn Dance has been held in Renfro Valley since 1939. Owensboro has ROMP the last part of June every year, other festivals include the Forkland Heritage Festival and Revue in Gravel Switch. Lexington is host to the oldest bluegrass music festival in the state, the Festival of the Bluegrass is held every June at the Kentucky Horse Park and considered one of the premier traditional bluegrass festivals in the country.
Wilmore, Kentucky is home to the Ichthus Music Festival, Ichthus is a Christian music festival held each year on the Ichthus Farm. Notable bands such as Switchfoot, Relient K, and P. O. D. have all played at past Ichthus festivals, mount Sterling is home to the Gateway Music Festival. Boomslang, A Celebration of Sound & Art is an annual music festival in Lexington, sponsored by the University of Kentuckys college radio station. Genres tend to be experimental in nature, but have included everything from rock, post-rock, hip hop, punk rock, metal
Bullitt County, Kentucky
Bullitt County is a county in the U. S. state of Kentucky located in the far western Bluegrass region known as the Knobs. As of the 2010 census, the population was 74,319, the county was founded in 1796. Located just south of the city of Louisville, Bullitt County is included in the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area, the western fifth of the county is part of the United States Army post of Fort Knox and is reserved for military training. The first inhabitants of the land that would become Bullitt County were the Paleo-Indians who entered North America approximately 11,500 to 10,000 years BP and these people, whose ancestors can be traced back to Eastern and Central Asia, were nomadic. They were hunters and gatherers whose remains have been discovered near the mineral springs or salt licks. Native Americans were their descendants, including the Shawnee people, who considered this region part of their homeland. Both France and Britain had traders and colonists who encountered the Shawnee, european colonization of the Americas led to competing claims between those nations to the lands west of the Appalachians and east of the Mississippi River.
After suffering defeat by Great Britain in the Seven Years War, for thousands of years before the countys formation, nutrient-rich salt licks attracted large herds of bison and other game to the area. Native American tribes made it their hunting grounds, as did the 18th century longhunter, in 1773, after the French and Indian War, the Virginia governor sent Captain Thomas Bullitt into the area to survey for land grants. The most historic of the salt licks, Bullitts Lick, is named after him. As the Revolutionary War led to widespread shortages, the Lick became the site of Kentuckys first industry. Colonial veterans of the war were promised land in what was called Kentucky, Bullitts Lick became an important saltwork to the region, its salt was harvested and sent by pack train and flatboat as far off as Illinois to the west. The Bullitts Lick saltwork was Kentuckys first industry and in production until around 1830, by that time, the steamboat and importing of salt brought access to less expensive sources.
The first settlement of the area was the first station on the Wilderness Road between Harrodsburg and the Falls of the Ohio and it was a fort called Brashears Station or the Salt River Garrison, built in 1779 at the mouth of Floyds Fork. Most of the county was settled after the American Revolutionary War, named after Adam Shepherd, a prosperous business man who purchased the land near the Falls of Salt River in 1793, is the oldest town and became the county seat. In 1811, the area of the county expanded to include land given by Jefferson County. In 1824, an area of the county was given to help form Spencer County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 300 square miles
Demographics of Kentucky
This includes a natural increase since the last census of 77,156 people and an increase due to net migration of 59,604 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 27,435 people, as of 2004, Kentuckys population included about 95,000 foreign-born. The population density of the state is 101.7 people per square mile, Kentuckys total population has grown during every decade since records began. However, during most decades of the 20th century there was net out-migration from Kentucky, since 1900, rural Kentucky counties have experienced a net loss of over 1 million people from migration, while urban areas have experienced a slight net gain. The center of population of Kentucky is located in Washington County, according to US Census Bureau official statistics the largest ancestry in 2013 was American totalling 20. 2%. The other mainly ancestries were, Irish, southeastern Kentucky was populated by a large group of Native Americans of mixed heritage, known as Melungeons, in the early 19th century.
As of the 1980s the only counties in the United States where over half of the population cited English as their only ancestry group were all in the hills of eastern Kentucky. In 1790, historians estimate Kentuckys population was English, Scots-Irish or Scots, Welsh, French and Swedish in ethnicity. In the 1980 census 1,267,079 Kentuckians out of a population of 2,554,359 cited that they were of English ancestry making them 49 percent of the state at that time. African Americans, who made up one-fourth of Kentuckys population prior to the Civil War, today 44. 2% of Kentuckys African American population is in Jefferson County and 52% are in the Louisville Metro Area. Other areas with high concentrations, besides Christian and Fulton Counties, are the city of Paducah, the Bluegrass, today Kentucky is home to several seminaries. Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville is the seminary for the Southern Baptist Convention. Louisville is the home of the Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Lexington has two seminaries, Lexington Theological Seminary, and the Baptist Seminary of Kentucky.
Asbury Theological Seminary is located in nearby Wilmore, in addition to seminaries, there are several colleges affiliated with denominations. Transylvania in Lexington is affiliated with the Disciples of Christ, in Louisville and Spalding are affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. In Owensboro, Kentucky Wesleyan College is associated with the Methodist Church, Louisville is home to the headquarters of the Presbyterian Church and their printing press. Louisville is home to a sizable Muslim and Jewish population, religious movements were important in the early history of Kentucky. Perhaps the most famous event was the revival in August 1801 at the Cane Ridge Meeting House in Bourbon County
It is divided into the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau and the glaciated Allegheny Plateau. The plateau extends southward into western West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, the plateau terminates in the east at the Allegheny Mountains, which are the highest ridges just west of the Allegheny Front. The Front extends from central Pennsylvania through Maryland and into eastern West Virginia, the plateau is bordered on the west by glacial till plains in the north, generally north of the Ohio River, and the Bluegrass region in the south, generally south of the Ohio River. In the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, relief may only one hundred feet or less. In the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau in southeastern Ohio and westernmost West Virginia, absolute highest elevations in this area are often in the range of 900 to 1,500 feet. By the Allegheny Front, elevations may reach well over 4,000 feet, one of the more notable geologic areas within the Allegheny Plateau is the Hocking Hills region of southeast Ohio. The Allegheny Plateau is a section of the larger Appalachian Plateau province.
Allegheny Front — transition escarpment from the Allegheny Plateau to the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 1, Orogenesis from the Mesoproterozoic through the Taconic Orogeny. A Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 2, The Appalachian Basin from the Silurian through the Carboniferous, a Geologic History of the North-Central Appalachians, Part 3, The Alleghany Orogeny. Photographs of the Allegheny Plateau and the Allegheny River watershed region
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall
Education in Kentucky
Education in Kentucky includes elementary school, middle school, high school, and postsecondary institutions. Most Kentucky schools and colleges are accredited through the Southern Association of Colleges, Education in Kentucky suffers from the same negative stigma as many other Southern states. In fact, Kentucky ranks 10th among US cities in percent of population with college degree or higher, whatever the case, due to a number of reforms beginning in 1990, most studies agree that Kentucky is making progress in the area of education. For example, Kentuckys population lacking basic prose literacy skills was 19% in 1992 with only five states having a higher percentage, however, by 2003, the percentage of Kentuckys population that lacked basic literary skills fell to 12% with twenty-one other states having higher rates. The Kentucky Board of Education is responsible for the development, there are 1,233 public schools in Kentucky. As of 2011-2012, Kentuckys public schools enrolled 675,530 students, as of 2010-11,16,493 students were home-schooled.
For the 2011 to 2012 school year, there were 43,767 public school teachers, in order to motivate Kentucky high schoolers to take a more demanding curriculum, the Kentucky Board of Education began awarding the Commonwealth Diploma in 1987. The Commonwealth curriculum required that the student take four Advanced Placement courses, students whose combined scores on any three Advanced Placement exams met or exceeded a given threshold are eligible to have their registration fees for those exams refunded. The program was discontinued following the 2011-2012 school year, in 1998, the Kentucky General Assembly voted to utilize some of the profits generated by the state lottery to fund the Kentucky Educational Excellence Scholarship. The actual amount of the award is based on a combination of the grade point average. The scholarship is renewable for four years, provided the student maintains his or her eligibility, Kentucky is home to eight public universities. Additionally, the commonwealth has 16 public community and technical colleges, the oldest of these is Transylvania University, the first college established west of the Allegheny Mountains and sixteenth established in the United States.
Another of Kentuckys colleges, Berea College, was the first non-segregated, KET is the commonwealths public television network, and is the largest PBS network in the nation. KET took the air in 1968 after a gift from Ashland Oil founder Paul G. Blazer. In addition to the PBS schedule, KET now airs programming aimed at local audiences, the court mandated that the Legislature was to enact broad and sweeping reforms at a systemic level, statewide. Since 1990, Kentucky had three major testing phases, as part of the testing change, the state set new cut point scale scores for rating student work as novice, apprentice and distinguished. The new cut points counted higher numbers as proficient in most subjects, in 1998, The Ford Foundation and Harvard University awarded Kentuckys education system the Innovations in American Government Award. From 1999 to 2006, Kentucky schools showed improvement on the states CATS assessment in every subject, at every level, most elementary schools improved at a pace strong enough that, if continued, they would have reached the proficiency goals set by the state for 2014
Christian County, Kentucky
Christian County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 73,955, the county was formed in 1797. Christian County is part of the Clarksville, TN–KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, the county is named for Colonel William Christian, a native of Augusta County, and a veteran of the Revolutionary War. He settled near Louisville, Kentucky in 1785, and was killed by Native Americans in southern Indiana in 1786, jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America was born in Fairview, Christian County, Kentucky, in 1808. United States Vice President Adlai Stevenson I was born in Christian County in 1835, the present courthouse, built in 1869, replaced a structure burned by Confederate cavalry in 1864 because the Union Army was using it as their barracks. The United States Supreme Court case Barker v. Wingo,407 U. S.514, arose out of a 1958 double-murder in Christian County, in 2006 and 2008, tornadoes touched down across northern Christian County, damaging homes in the Crofton area.
In 2017, northwestern Christian County will experience the longest duration of totality in the eclipse of August 21,2017 that will cross North America. The center will be in the Bainbridge/Sinking Fork area of the county, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 724 square miles, of which 718 square miles is land and 6.5 square miles is water. It is the second-largest county by area in Kentucky, the population density was 100 per square mile. There were 27,182 housing units at a density of 38 per square mile. 4. 83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race and this number, was estimated to be around 4% for a 2006 Census Estimate, according to the United States Census Bureau. 22. 50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was out with 28. 30% under the age of 18,15. 80% from 18 to 24,30. 10% from 25 to 44,16. 00% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 28 years, for every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.60 males, the median income for a household in the county was $31,177, and the median income for a family was $35,240. Males had an income of $25,063 versus $20,748 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,611, about 12. 10% of families and 15. 00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19. 30% of those under age 18 and 13. 50% of those age 65 or over. A S. W. county of Kentucky
A state forest is a forest that is administered or protected by some agency of a sovereign or federated state, or territory. The precise application of the term varies by jurisdiction, for example, In Australia, it is forest that is protected by state laws, rather than by the Government of Australia. In Poland, state-owned forests are managed by the State Forests agency In the United Kingdom, in the United States, it is a forest owned by one of the individual states. The purpose of a state forest varies between countries and the quality of the landscape it covers, in most places, state forests are divided into land for logging plantations, area for conservation, area for livestock grazing and area for visitor recreation. List of types of formally designated forests
Eastern Kentucky Coalfield
It covers an area from the Allegheny Mountains in the east across the Cumberland Plateau to the Pottsville Escarpment in the west. The region is known for its mining, most family farms in the region have disappeared since the introduction of surface mining in the 1940s and 1950s. The Daniel Boone National Forest is located on rough but beautiful terrain along, there are many natural arches and sandstone cliffs that are excellent for rock climbing and rappeling. The Red River Gorge, part of the National Forest, is worldwide in rock climbing circles. The Sheltowee Trace Trail runs 420–430 km north and south through the region. During the American Civil War most of this region leaned toward the Union due to its makeup at the time of mostly small farmers, Kentucky Vol. Inf. known as the Army of Eastern Kentucky, under Gen. Humphrey Marshall, C. S. A. During the Great Depression, New Deal programs and the organizing of the United Mine Workers of America made many of the eastern counties Democratic, Eastern Kentucky has a rich musical heritage. A large number of nationally acclaimed country music singers and musicians are from the area.
These include, Loretta Lynn, Crystal Gayle, The Judds, Ricky Skaggs, Keith Whitley, Patty Loveless, Dwight Yoakam, Tom T. Hall, Billy Ray Cyrus, Jean Ritchie, Sturgill Simpson and George S. Davis. As of the 1980s, the counties in the United States where over half of the population cited English as their only ancestry group were in the hills of eastern Kentucky. In the 1980 census,1,267,079 Kentuckians out of a population of 2,554,359 cited that they were of English ancestry. The Eastern Kentucky Coalfield covers 31 counties with a land area of 13,370 sq mi. Its 2000 census population was 734,194 inhabitants, or about 18.2 percent of the states population, the largest city, has a population of 21,981. Other cities of significance in the region include Pikeville, the states highest point, Black Mountain, is located in the southeastern part of the region in Harlan County. Calgon Carbon constructed the Big Sandy Plant near Ashland in 1961, the facility produces in over 100 million pounds of granular activated carbon annually.
Most of the counties in the Eastern Kentucky Coalfield are classified as persistent poverty counties, a New York Times article in June 2014 identified six counties in the Kentucky Coal Field as among the hardest places to live in the United States. The lowest-ranking counties were Breathitt, Jackson, Lee and they ranked among the bottom ten counties nationwide. The factors which accounted for the low ranking of those six counties were unemployment, prevalence of disabilities, income, the Times declared Clay County the hardest place to live in the U. S
Cuisine of Kentucky
The Cuisine of Kentucky mostly resembles that of traditional Southern cuisine. Some common dinner dishes are fried catfish and hushpuppies, fried chicken and these are usually served with vegetables such as green beans, pinto beans slowed cooked with pork as seasoning and served with cornbread. Some other popular items would include fried green tomatoes, cheese grits, corn pudding, fried okra, and chicken and dumplins, in addition to this, Kentucky is known for its own regional style of barbecue. This style of barbecue is unique in itself given that it uses mutton, in northwestern parts of Kentucky burgoo is a favorite, while in southwestern parts of the state regular chili con carne is typical staple. In northern Kentucky plus an amount in Louisville and Lexington Cincinnati chili is a popular fast food. That region and the Louisville area are home to a pronounced German-American population, translating into northern-like preferences for beer and European sausages. Some common desserts would be chess pie, pecan pie, blackberry cobbler, apples, cantaloupe, plums, cherries and persimmons.
Walnuts, almonds and cashews, the three main meats used are chicken and mutton, but beef is not unheard of. Burgoo is a specialty, with no two burgoo recipes being the same. Owensboro is home to the International Bar-B-Q Festival, which is a barbecue competition. Farther to the west, in the Purchase area, pit barbecue is primarily pork shoulder, the other meats used in the Owensboro–Henderson area are generally available as well. Sauces are essentially identical in the two regions, Kentucky wine Kentucky Common Beer Domine, David. 111 Fabulous Food Finds, Best Bites in the Bluegrass, adventures in New Kentucky Cooking with the Bluegrass Peasant. Kentucky Recipes for the Henry Bain Sauce Recipe