The flame is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found throughout Europe east across the Palearctic to Armenia, western Siberia and Amur and Japan; the range extends into northern India. This species has creamy-buff forewings with black streaking along the costa; the hindwings are whitish with a dark line along the margin. The wingspan is 30–36 mm. Unusually for a noctuid, this moth rests with its wings wrapped around its body making it resemble a broken twig, it is attracted to light. Forewing ochreous, the costal area, including cell, dark brown; the larva is brown with black markings and a hump at the rear end. It feeds on a variety of other herbaceous plants; the species overwinters as a pupa. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range. Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984 The Flame at UKmoths The Flame at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera pages Lepiforum.de Vlindernet.nl
The flame shoulder is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1761, it is distributed throughout the Palearctic from Ireland in the west to Siberia Korea and Japan in the east. The forewings of this species are reddish brown with a black streak interrupted by white stigmata and a creamy-yellow streak along the costa which gives the species its common name; the hindwings are pure white. The wingspan is 28–34 mm. Forewing red brown suffused with purple; the ab. unimacula Stgr. from Spain has the orbicular stigma obsolete. Described in the first instance from Sri Lanka, has the cell red like the rest of wing. Two broods are produced each year with adults flying from April to June and again in August and September, it flies at night and is attracted to light and sugar and to the flowers of ragwort. The caterpillar is brownish. Ventral area yellowish. There are fine. Stigmata black in color; the larva, grey with a yellow stripe along each side, feeds on a range of plants.
This species overwinters as a pupa. Arachis – peanut Aster Beta – beet Galium – bedstraw Plantago – plantain Rumex – docks and sorrel Salix – willow Senecio – groundsel Trifolium – cloverSee Robinson, G. S et al. O. p. plecta – Europe except Iberian Peninsula O. p. unimacula – Iberian Peninsula Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984 "73.329 BF2102 Flame Shoulder Ochropleura plecta". UKMoths. Retrieved January 15, 2019. Savela, Markku. "Ochropleura plecta". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved January 15, 2019. "10086 Ochropleura plecta - Hellrandige Erdeule". Lepiforum e. V. Retrieved January 15, 2019
The mouse moth is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is a widespread species with a Holarctic distribution. Europe. Introduced in Canada and North America; this is a distinctive species. The forewings are uniform dark brown with three blackish spots arranged in a triangle; the hindwings are darker towards the margins. The wingspan is 32–40 mm; the common name derives from the species' habit of scuttling away on foot when disturbed rather than flying. Despite this, it can fly and is attracted to light and nectar-rich flowers. In the British Isles, the adult is active from July to September. Forewing dull brown, dusted with paler scales, varying from pale to blackish brown; the larva is green dorsal and subdorsal lines yellowish or white lines and feeds on a wide variety of plants. The species overwinters as an egg. Recorded food plants of the mouse moth include monkshood, dogbane, wormwood, eastern redbud, fireweed, strawberry, geranium, Scots lovage, cow-wheat, tobacco, plantain, Prunus, redcurrant, cloudberry, willow, salad burnet, nettle and grape.
Chinery, M. Collins Guide to the Insects of Western Europe. 1986. Reprinted 1991. Skinner, B. Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles. 1984 Mouse Moth on UKmoths Swedish Museum of Natural History - picture of lectotype. Funet Taxonomy. Fauna Europaea Lepiforum.de
Galium is a large genus of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the family Rubiaceae, occurring in the temperate zones of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Some species are informally known as bedstraw. There are over 600 species of Galium, with estimates of 629 to 650 as of 2013; the field madder, Sherardia arvensis, may be confused with a tiny bedstraw. Asperula is a related genus. List of Lepidoptera that feed on Galium List of Galium species Media related to Galium at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Galium at Wikispecies World Checklist of Rubiaceae UniProt. "Genus Galium". Retrieved 2008-05-07
The common pug is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is a common species across the Near East and North Africa, it ranges from the Atlantic coast of Ireland and Portugal across Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia to the Russian Far East and Korea. The wingspan is 18–21 mm; the ground colour of the forewings variously is variable – brown to fuscous, with a reddish tinge, ochreous, or whitish. The darker fuscous striae are angulated and the postmedian line is biangulate; the posterior edge of the median band is marked with black, the subterminal line is interrupted into whitish dots and a small white tornal mark. The forewings are without a discal mark. Forewings with a crescentic pale tornal stain; the hindwings are to the forewings but less conspicuously patterned. Two broods are produced each year with adults on the wing in June and again in August; the species is attracted to light. The larvae feed on a variety of plants; the species overwinters as a pupa. Achillea – yarrow Artemisia Campanula – harebell Centaurea Crataegus – hawthorn Galium – bedstraw Salix – willow Senecio – ragwort Solidago – goldenrod Vaccinium – bilberry Eupithecia vulgata vulgata Eupithecia vulgata clarensis Huggins, 1962 Eupithecia vulgata lepsaria Staudinger, 1882 Eupithecia vulgata scotica Cockayne, 1951 Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984 Lepiforum.de
The shark is a moth of the family Noctuidae. This species is widespread throughout much of the Palearctic ecozone, but has also been reported from North America, from the Magdalen Islands in Canada; these moths inhabit a range of open environments such as heaths, forest edges, gardens and suburban areas. Cucullia umbraticais a large species, with a wingspan of 52–59 millimetres; these moths have narrow wings giving a ` streamlined' appearance. The forewings are dull brownish grey, the cell and space beyond are paler, with dull greyish buff. A fine black line runs from the base below cell; the usual lines and stigmata are ill-defined. Orbicular is represented by reniform by a curved black line at lower end. Slight black dashes are present before termen, above vein 3 and below vein 2, a longer black streak appears above middle of vein 4; the hindwings of male are white, with the veins and termen narrowly fuscous, while in the female thy are wholly brown, with paler base. The larva is brown with black spots.
This species is quite similar to the Chamomile Shark, but it shows two bands, one pale and one grey, on the fringe of the hindwing, whereas in the last there are three bands. Adults fly in the dusk and in the evening from mid-May to mid-August and feed on nectar of a variety of flowers, they are attracted to light. Larvae feed on sow thistles and lettuces and others; the main recorded food plants are lady's bedstraw, catsear, hawkbit, sow thistle and dandelion. There is one generation per year; this species overwinters as a pupa. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range. Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984 Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa Lepiforum.de Svenska Fjarilar
The riband wave is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is an abundant species in the Near East and North Africa, it is present in all of Europe to the Ural mountains. Records are few in the Balkan peninsula; the north border is northern Finland. The northernmost parts of Russia and a few areas of Russia's Northwest of the Caspian Sea are excluded. In North Africa, there is a smaller presence belonging to a separate subspecies. Outside Europe, the distribution area extends from northern Turkey up to the Caucasus, from there via Central Asia and north-east China to Japan; the occurrence in Japan is regarded as subspecies. A small, isolated occurrence in southern Turkey is remarkable; the species has a wingspan of 30–35 mm. Its distinctive outline is familiar at lighted windows; the wings are cream with dark fasciae. Two main forms exist abundant: one has darker shading between the central fasciae, the other has not; the ground colour of the wings is whitish yellow to ochre. Some specimens have a red-orange tone colouring.
The pattern elements are dark brown and shown. On the forewings there are three crosslines; the outer cross line has a significant outward angle near the costa. The area between the middle and outer cross line is dark brown; the discal flecks are small and inconspicuous, they may be missing. Small marginal dots lie at the outer edge and can make a narrow marginal line; the adults fly at night from June to August later, are attracted to light. The larva is brown, tapering towards the front, feeds on a variety of plants including bedstraw, chickweed and knotgrass; the species overwinters as a small larva. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range. Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984 Pasi Sihvonen: The Sterrhinae moth fauna of Fenglin Nature Reserve, North-East China.. Spixiana, 29: 247-257, München 2006 ISSN 0341-8391 Riband wave at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera pages Lepiforum.de Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa