List of Ministers of Finance of the Netherlands

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Minister of Finance of the Netherlands
Minister van Financiën
Logo-ministerie-van-financien.png
Ministry of Finance
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Minister of Finance Wopke Hoekstra
Incumbent
Wopke Hoekstra

since 26 October 2017
Ministry of Finance
Style His/Her Excellency
Member of Council of Ministers
Appointer Mark Rutte
as Prime Minister of the Netherlands
Formation 22 January 1798; 220 years ago (1798-01-22)
First holder Alexander Gogel
(as Agent of Finance)
Deputy Menno Snel
as State Secretary for Finance
Salary 157,287 (As of 2017)
(including 4,193 of expenses)
Website (in English) Minister of Finance
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The Minister of Finance (Dutch: Minister van Financiën) is the head of the Ministry of Finance and a member of the Cabinet of the Netherlands. The current Minister of Finance is Wopke Hoekstra, who has been in office since 26 October 2017.[1]

List of Ministers of Finance[edit]

For full list, see List of Ministers of Finance of the Netherlands. (in Dutch)

Minister of Finance Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Jonkheer
Hendrik van der Heim
(1824–1890)
27 August 1874 –
3 November 1877
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jan Heemskerk
(Heemskerk–Van Lynden
van Sandenburg)
Johan Gleichman Johan Gleichman
(1834–1906)
3 November 1877 –
20 August 1879
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Jan Kappeyne van
de Coppello

(Kappeyne van de Coppello)
Simon Vissering Dr.
Simon Vissering
(1818–1888)
20 August 1879 –
13 June 1881
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(Van Lynden
van Sandenburg)
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Count
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(Prime Minister)
(1826–1885)
13 June 1881 –
23 April 1883
Independent
Conservative

(Protestant)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Willem Grobbée
(1822–1907)
23 April 1883 –
4 May 1885
[Res]
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jan Heemskerk
(J. Heemskerk)
Jacobus Bloem Jacobus Bloem
(1822–1902)
4 May 1885 –
21 April 1888
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Karel Antonie Godin de Beaufort Jonkheer
Karel Antonie Godin
de Beaufort

(1850–1921)
21 April 1888 –
21 August 1891
Anti-Revolutionary Party Aeneas Mackay
(Mackay)
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson
(1839–1909)
21 August 1891 –
9 May 1894
Liberal Union Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(Van Tienhoven)
Jacobus Sprenger van Eyk Jacobus Sprenger
van Eyk

(1842–1907)
9 May 1894 –
26 July 1897
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Joan Röell
(Röell)
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson
(Prime Minister)
(1839–1909)
26 July 1897 –
1 August 1901
Liberal Union Nicolaas Pierson
(Pierson)
Jan Harte van Tecklenbur Jan Harte van
Tecklenburg

(1853–1937)
1 August 1901 –
17 August 1905
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Catholic)
Abraham Kuyper
(Kuyper)
[2]
Theo de Meester Theo de Meester
(Prime Minister)
(1851–1919)
17 August 1905 –
12 February 1908
Liberal Union Theo de Meester
(De Meester)
[3]
Maximilien Kolkman Maximilien Kolkman
(1853–1924)
12 February 1908 –
29 August 1913
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Catholic)
Theo Heemskerk
(T. Heemskerk)
[4]
Anthonij Bertling Anthonij Bertling
(1860–1945)
29 August 1913 –
24 October 1914
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Social Liberal)
Pieter Cort van
der Linden

(Cort van der Linden)
[5]
Willem Treub Willem Treub
(1858–1931)
24 October 1914 –
8 February 1916
[Res]
Free-thinking
Democratic League
Anton van Gijn Dr.
Anton van Gijn
(1866–1933)
8 February 1916 –
22 February 1917
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Willem Treub Willem Treub
(1858–1931)
22 February 1917 –
9 September 1918
Independent
Liberal

(Social Liberal)
Economic League
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Simon de Vries
(1869–1961)
9 September 1918 –
28 July 1921
[Res]
Anti-Revolutionary Party Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I)
[6]
Dirk Jan de Geer Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1969)
28 July 1921 –
11 August 1923
[Res]
Christian Historical Union
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II)
[7]
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(Prime Minister 1925–1926)
(1869–1944)
11 August 1923 –
8 March 1926
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
[8]
Dirk Jan de Geer Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(Prime Minister 1926–1929)
(1870–1969)
8 March 1926 –
26 May 1933
Christian Historical Union Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
[9]
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III)
[10]
Pieter Oud Pieter Oud
(1886–1968)
26 May 1933 –
24 June 1937
Free-thinking
Democratic League
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IIIII)
[11][12]
Jacob Adriaan de Wilde Jacob Adriaan
de Wilde

(1879–1956)
24 June 1937 –
19 May 1939
[Res]
Anti-Revolutionary Party Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IV)
[13]
Hendrikus Colijn Dr.
Hendrikus Colijn
(Prime Minister)
(1869–1944)
19 May 1939 –
25 July 1939
[Ad interim]
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Christiaan Bodenhausen Christiaan Bodenhausen
(1869–1966)
25 July 1939 –
10 August 1939
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn V)
[14]
Dirk Jan de Geer Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(Prime Minister)
(1870–1969)
10 August 1939 –
3 September 1940
Christian Historical Union Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
[15]
Charles Welter Charles Welter
(also Minister of Colonial
Affairs
)

(1880–1972)
3 September 1940 –
27 July 1941
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy I)
[16]
Max Steenberghe Max Steenberghe
(also Minister of Commerce,
Industry and Shipping
and
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
)

(1899–1972)
27 July 1941 –
17 November 1941
[Res]
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy II)
[16]
Willem Albarda Willem Albarda
(also Minister of Water
Management
)

(1877–1957)
17 November 1941 –
9 December 1942
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Johannes van den Broek Johannes van den Broek
(also Minister of Commerce,
Industry and Agriculture

1944–1945)

(1882–1946)
9 December 1942 –
23 February 1945
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Gerardus Huysmans Dr.
Gerardus Huysmans
(1904–1948)
23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
[17]
Piet Lieftinck Dr.
Piet Lieftinck
(1902–1989)
25 June 1945 –
1 July 1952
[Res]
Christian Historical Union Willem Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn-Drees) [18]
Labour Party Louis Beel
(Beel I)
[19]
Willem Drees
(Drees-Van Schaik)
[20]
Willem Drees
(Drees I)
[21]
Willem Drees Dr.
Willem Drees
(Prime Minister)
(1886–1988)
1 July 1952 –
2 September 1952
[Ad interim]
Labour Party
Jo van de Kieft Jo van de Kieft
(1884–1970)
2 September 1952 –
13 October 1956
Labour Party Willem Drees
(Drees II)
[22]
Henk Hofstra Henk Hofstra
(1904–1999)
13 October 1956 –
22 December 1958
Labour Party Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[23]
Jelle Zijlstra Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(also Minister of Economic
Affairs
1958–1959)

(1918–2001)
22 December 1958 –
24 July 1963
Anti-Revolutionary Party Louis Beel
(Beel II)
[24]
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[25]
Johan Witteveen Dr.
Johan Witteveen
(born 1921)
24 July 1963 –
14 April 1965
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[26]
Anne Vondeling Dr.
Anne Vondeling
(Deputy Prime Minister)
(1916–1979)
14 April 1965 –
22 November 1966
[Res]
Labour Party Jo Cals
(Cals)
[27]
Jelle Zijlstra Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(Prime Minister)
(1918–2001)
22 November 1966 –
5 April 1967
Anti-Revolutionary Party Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[28]
Johan Witteveen Dr.
Johan Witteveen
(Deputy Prime Minister)
(born 1921)
5 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[29]
Roelof Nelissen Roelof Nelissen
(Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister for Suriname
and Netherlands Antilles
Affairs
1971–1972)

(born 1931)
6 July 1971 –
11 May 1973
Catholic People's Party Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[30]
Wim Duisenberg Dr.
Wim Duisenberg
(1935–2005)
11 May 1973 –
19 December 1977
Labour Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[31]
Frans Andriessen Frans Andriessen
(born 1929)
19 December 1977 –
22 February 1980
[Res]
Catholic People's Party Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[32]
Gijs van Aardenne Gijs van Aardenne
(Minister of Economic Affairs)
(1930–1995)
22 February 1980 –
5 March 1980
[Ad interim]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Fons van der Stee Fons van der Stee
(also Minister for Netherlands
Antilles Affairs
1977–1981)

(1928–1999)
5 March 1980 –
4 November 1982
Catholic People's Party
Christian Democratic Appeal Dries van Agt
(Van Agt IIIII)
[33][34]
Onno Ruding Dr.
Onno Ruding
(born 1939)
4 November 1982 –
7 November 1989
Christian Democratic Appeal Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[35][36]
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(Deputy Prime Minister)
(born 1938)
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[37]
Gerrit Zalm Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
22 August 1994 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok III)
[38][39]
Hans Hoogervorst Hans Hoogervorst
(also Minister of Economic
Affairs
2002–2003)

(born 1956)
22 July 2002 –
27 May 2003
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende I)
[40]
Gerrit Zalm Gerrit Zalm
(Deputy Prime Minister)
(born 1952)
27 May 2003 –
22 February 2007
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIII)
[41][42]
Wouter Bos Wouter Bos
(Deputy Prime Minister)
(born 1963)
22 February 2007 –
23 February 2010
[Res]
Labour Party Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
[43]
Jan Kees de Jager Jan Kees de Jager
(born 1969)
23 February 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[44]
Jeroen Dijsselbloem Jeroen Dijsselbloem
(born 1966)
5 November 2012 –
26 October 2017
Labour Party Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[45]
Wopke Hoekstra Wopke Hoekstra
(born 1975)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
Christian Democratic Appeal Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[46]
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Served ad interim.

Living former Ministers of Finance[edit]

Minister of Finance Term Age
Johan Witteveen 1963–1965
1967–1971
(1921-06-12) 12 June 1921 (age 97)
Roelof Nelissen 1971–1973 (1931-04-04) 4 April 1931 (age 87)
Frans Andriessen 1977–1980 (1929-04-02) 2 April 1929 (age 89)
Onno Ruding 1982–1989 (1939-08-15) 15 August 1939 (age 79)
Wim Kok 1989–1994 (1938-09-29) 29 September 1938 (age 79)
Gerrit Zalm 1994–2002
2003–2007
(1952-05-06) 6 May 1952 (age 66)
Hans Hoogervorst 2002–2003 (1956-04-19) 19 April 1956 (age 62)
Wouter Bos 2007–2010 (1963-07-14) 14 July 1963 (age 55)
Jan Kees de Jager 2010–2012 (1969-02-10) 10 February 1969 (age 49)
Jeroen Dijsselbloem 2012–2017 (1966-03-29) 29 March 1966 (age 52)

List of State Secretaries for Finance[edit]

State Secretary for Finance Portfolio Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Willem Hendrik van den Berge Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge

(1905–1987)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
2 February 1953 –
13 October 1956
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Willem Drees
(Drees II)
[22]
Vacant
Willem Hendrik van den Berge Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge

(1905–1987)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
27 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[25]
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[26]
Wiel Hoefnagels Dr.
Wiel Hoefnagels
(1929–1978)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
31 May 1965 –
22 November 1966
Catholic People's Party Jo Cals
(Cals)
[27]
Vacant
Ferd Grapperhaus Dr.
Ferd Grapperhaus
(1927–2010)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
10 May 1967 –
6 July 1971
Catholic People's Party Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[29]
Willem Scholten Willem Scholten
(1927–2005)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
14 July 1971 –
19 March 1973
[Res]
Christian Historical Union Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[30]
Fons van der Stee Fons van der Stee
(1928–1999)
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
14 July 1971 –
12 March 1973
[Res]
Catholic People's Party
Fons van der Stee Fons van der Stee
(1928–1999)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• National Mint
11 May 1973 –
1 November 1973
[Appt]
Catholic People's Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[31]
Martin van Rooijen Martin van Rooijen
(born 1942)
21 December 1973 –
14 October 1977
[Res]
Catholic People's Party
Aar de Goede Aar de Goede
(1928–2016)
• Local Government Finances
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
11 May 1973 –
19 December 1977
Democrats 66
Ad Nooteboom Ad Nooteboom
(born 1928)
• Fiscal Affairs
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
28 December 1977 –
22 February 1980
[Res]
Christian Historical Union Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[32]
Marius van Amelsvoort Marius van Amelsvoort
(1930–2006)
16 April 1980 –
11 September 1981
Catholic People's Party
Christian Democratic Appeal
Hans Kombrink Hans Kombrink
(born 1946)
• Fiscal Affairs
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
11 September 1981 –
29 May 1982
[Res]
Labour Party Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
[33]
Vacant
Henk Koning Henk Koning
(1933–2016)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• State Lottery
4 November 1982 –
7 November 1989
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[35][36]
Marius van Amelsvoort Marius van Amelsvoort
(1930–2006)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• State Lottery
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[37]
Willem Vermeend Dr.
Willem Vermeend
(born 1948)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
22 August 1994 –
24 March 2000
[Appt]
Labour Party Wim Kok
(Kok I)
[38]
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[39]
Wouter Bos Wouter Bos
(born 1963)
24 March 2000 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
Steven van Eijck Steven van Eijck
(born 1959)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• State Lottery
22 July 2002 –
27 May 2003
Pim Fortuyn List Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende I)
[40]
Joop Wijn Joop Wijn
(born 1969)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
27 May 2003 –
7 July 2006
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende II)
[41]
Vacant
Jan Kees de Jager Jan Kees de Jager
(born 1969)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• State Lottery
22 February 2007 –
23 February 2010
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
[43]
Frans Weekers Frans Weekers
(born 1967)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• State Lottery
14 October 2010 –
30 January 2014
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[44]
Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[45]
Eric Wiebes Eric Wiebes
(born 1963)
4 February 2014 –
26 October 2017
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Menno Snel
(born 1970)
• Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
Democrats 66 Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[46]
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek
Res Resigned.
Appt Appointment: Fons van der Stee appointed Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries; Willem Vermeend appointed Minister of Social Affairs and Employment; Joop Wijn appointed Minister of Economic Affairs; Jan Kees de Jager appointed Minister of Finance.

Living former State Secretaries for Finance[edit]

State Secretary for Finance Term Age
Martin van Rooijen 1973–1977 (1942-07-31) 31 July 1942 (age 76)
Ad Nooteboom 1977–1980 (1928-07-18) 18 July 1928 (age 90)
Hans Kombrink 1981–1982 (1946-11-22) 22 November 1946 (age 71)
Willem Vermeend 1994–2000 (1948-12-21) 21 December 1948 (age 69)
Wouter Bos 2000–2002 (1963-07-14) 14 July 1963 (age 55)
Steven van Eijck 2002–2003 (1959-08-04) 4 August 1959 (age 59)
Joop Wijn 2003–2006 (1969-05-20) 20 May 1969 (age 49)
Jan Kees de Jager 2007–2010 (1969-02-10) 10 February 1969 (age 49)
Frans Weekers 2010–2014 (1967-10-17) 17 October 1967 (age 50)
Eric Wiebes 2014–2017 (1963-03-12) 12 March 1963 (age 55)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Wopke Hoekstra (CDA), bezige bij en nu minister van Financiën". NOS. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  2. ^ "Kabinet-Kuyper". Kuyper. Parlement & Politiek. 
  3. ^ "Kabinet-De Meester". DeMeester. Parlement & Politiek. 
  4. ^ "Kabinet-Heemskerk". THeemskerk. Parlement & Politiek. 
  5. ^ "Kabinet-Cort van der Linden". CortvanderLinden. Parlement & Politiek. 
  6. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckI. Parlement & Politiek. 
  7. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  8. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn I". ColijnI. Parlement & Politiek. 
  9. ^ "Kabinet-De Geer I". DeGeerI. Parlement & Politiek. 
  10. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckIII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  11. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn II". ColijnII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  12. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn III". ColijnIII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  13. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn IV". ColijnIV. Parlement & Politiek. 
  14. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn V". ColijnV. Parlement & Politiek. 
  15. ^ "Kabinet-De Geer II". DeGeerII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  16. ^ a b "Kabinet-Gerbrandy I / II". GerbrandyI/II. Parlement & Politiek. 
  17. ^ "Kabinet-Gerbrandy III". GerbrandyIII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  18. ^ "Kabinet-Schermerhorn-Drees". SchermerhornDrees. Rijksoverheid. 
  19. ^ "Kabinet-Beel I". BeelI. Rijksoverheid. 
  20. ^ "Kabinet-Drees-Van Schaik". DreesVanSchaik. Rijksoverheid. 
  21. ^ "Kabinet-Drees I". DreesI. Rijksoverheid. 
  22. ^ a b "Kabinet-Drees II". DreesII. Rijksoverheid. 
  23. ^ "Kabinet-Drees III". DreesIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  24. ^ "Kabinet-Beel II". BeelII. Rijksoverheid. 
  25. ^ a b "Kabinet-De Quay". DeQuay. Rijksoverheid. 
  26. ^ a b "Kabinet-Marijnen". Marijnen. Rijksoverheid. 
  27. ^ a b "Kabinet-Cals". Cals. Rijksoverheid. 
  28. ^ "Kabinet-Zijlstra". Zijlstra. Rijksoverheid. 
  29. ^ a b "Kabinet-De Jong". De Jong. Rijksoverheid. 
  30. ^ a b "Kabinet-Biesheuvel". Biesheuvel. Rijksoverheid. 
  31. ^ a b "Kabinet-Den Uyl". DenUyl. Rijksoverheid. 
  32. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt I". VanAgtI. Rijksoverheid. 
  33. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt II". VanAgtII. Rijksoverheid. 
  34. ^ "Kabinet-Van Agt III". VanAgtIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  35. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers I". LubbersI. Rijksoverheid. 
  36. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers II". LubbersII. Rijksoverheid. 
  37. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers III". LubbersIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  38. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok I". KokI. Rijksoverheid. 
  39. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok II". KokII. Rijksoverheid. 
  40. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende I". BalkenendeI. Rijksoverheid. 
  41. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende II". BalkenendeII. Rijksoverheid. 
  42. ^ "Kabinet-Balkenende III". BalkenendeIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  43. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende IV". BalkenendeIV. Rijksoverheid. 
  44. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte-Verhagen". RutteI. Rijksoverheid. 
  45. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte-Asscher". RutteII. Rijksoverheid. 
  46. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte III". RutteIII. Rijksoverheid.