The Kh-80 Meteorit-A, the RK-75 Meteorit-N and the P-750 Meteorit-M was a Soviet cruise missile, supposed to replace subsonic intermediate range missiles in Soviet inventory. The missile was an ambitious project since the target was to develop it into hypersonic missile. Development of three variants of this cruise missile was authorized on 9 December 1976; the Meteorit-M strategic version would be deployed from Project 667M submarines with 12 launchers per boat. The air-launched Meteorit-A would be launched from Tu-95 bombers; the land-based version was designated Meteorit-N. The missile was sometimes referred to by the code-name Grom; the first test launch, on 20 May 1980, was unsuccessful. The first successful flight did not come until 16 December 1981; the first launch from a 667M Andromeda submarine took place on 26 December 1983 from the Barents Sea. The missile was designed by Chelomei at NPO Mashinostroeniye and designated the SSC-X-5 GLCM by the US Department of Defense; the turbojet-powered missile would cruise at Mach 2.5 to 3.0 at 20 km altitude over its 3,000 km range.
It was equipped with a 1 Mt thermonuclear warhead and used inertial navigation with mid-course update via data link. Manufacturer: Chelomei. Maximum range: 3,000 km to 5,000 km. Meteorit-A Kh-80 Grom 3M25A AS-X-19 Koala Basing airborne Meteorit-M P-750 3M25 and 3M25 П-750 Grom SS-NX-24 Scorpion Basing in submarines Meteorit-N RK-75 Grom SSC-X-5 Scorpion 3M25N Basing ground AS-19 Koala /SS-N-24 Scorpion / Kh-90 Meteorit-A http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/index-458.html
The Kh-38/Kh-38M is a family of air-to-surface missiles meant to succeed the Kh-25 family of missiles. The basic configuration of the Kh-38M was revealed at the 2007 Moscow Air Show; the modular guided air-to-surface missile is meant to succeed the venerable Kh-25 missile family. The missile is designed to be carried by the fifth-generation Sukhoi Su-57 fighter aircraft; the first prototypes of the missile had folding wings and tail fins for internal carriage, would have a variety of seeker heads for different variants. In a successive version, unveiled at MAKS 2017, both control surfaces were replaced by longer and narrower fixed ones, a solution similar to the one used in the Selenia Aspide missile. Kh-38MAE - inertial, active radar homing Kh-38MKE - inertial, satellite guidance Kh-38MLE - inertial, laser guidance Kh-38MTE - inertial, infrared guidance Kh-36 Grom-1 AS-23 tactical cruise missile derivative/ AGM Air to Surface with 130–260 km range Kh-36P Grom-2 AS-23B / KAB- guided bomb gliding LGB version, 250 and 500 kg, various aim guidance, both created on the base of Kh-38M short-range tactical missile and have a modular structure and seekers.
First seen at MAKS 2015, intended to equip the MiG-35 fighter. Kh-38M2 improvement of Kh-38M, optoelectronic IR UV sensors Kh-25 AGM-65 Maverick Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Brimstone Manufacturer information of the Kh-38
The Kaliningrad K-5 known as RS-1U or product ShM, was an early Soviet air-to-air missile. The development of the K-5 began in 1951; the first test firings were in 1953. It was tested by the Yakovlev Yak-25; the weapon entered service as the Grushin/Tomashevich RS-2U in 1957. The initial version was matched to the RP-2U radar used on the MiG-17PFU, MiG-19PM. An improved variant, K-5M or RS-2US in PVO service, entered production in 1959, matched to the RP-9/RP-9U radar of the Sukhoi Su-9; the People's Republic of China developed a copy under the designation PL-1, for use by their J-6B fighters. The difficulties associated with beam-riding guidance in a single-seat fighter aircraft, were substantial, making the'Alkali' a short-range anti-bomber missile. Around 1967 the K-5 was replaced by the K-55, which replaced the beam-riding seeker with the semi-active radar homing or infrared seekers of the K-13; the weapon had a smaller 9.1 kg warhead. The K-55 remained in service through about 1977 being retired with the last of the Sukhoi Su-9 interceptors.
Length: 2,500 mm Wingspan: 654 mm Diameter: 200 mm Launch weight: 82.7 kg Speed: 800 m/s Range: 2–6 km Guidance: beam riding Warhead: 13.0 kg Soviet Union Both the Soviet Air Force and the Soviet Air Defence Forces operated the K-5. China The People's Liberation Army Air Force operated licensed Chinese copy of Kaliningrad K-5 designated as PL-1. Czechoslovakia The Czechoslovakian Air Force operated RS-2U and RS-2US. Hungary The Hungarian Air Force operated RS-2US on MiG -- 21PFs and MiG -- 21MFs. Poland The Polish Air Force operated RS-2US on MiG-19PMs and MiG-21s, still in use as practice target. Romania Locally produced A-90 copy by Electromecanica Ploiesti List of Yefim. Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1. RS-2U - Air-to-Air missile at aviation.ru K-5 at airwar.ru K-5 at missiles.ru - Electromecanica website: Air-to-Air missile
The Vympel NPO R-77 missile is a Russian medium-range, active radar homing air-to-air missile. It is known by its export designation RVV-AE, it is intended as the Russian counterpart to the American AIM-120 AMRAAM missile. The R-77 was marked by a protracted development. Work was not completed before the Soviet Union fell. For many years, only the RVV-AE model was produced for export customers. Production was further disrupted when the Russian intervention in Ukraine resulted in a Ukrainian arms embargo against Russia, severing supply chains; the Russian Air Force entered the R-77-1 into service in 2015. It was subsequently deployed by Su-35S fighters in Syria on combat air patrols. Work on the R-77 began in 1982, it represented Russia's first multi-purpose missile for both tactical and strategic aircraft for fire-and-forget use against a range of aircraft from hovering helicopters to high-speed, low-altitude aircraft. Gennadiy Sokolovski, general designer of the Vympel Design Bureau, said that the R-77 missile can be used against medium and long range air-to-air missiles such as the AIM-120 AMRAAM and AIM-54 Phoenix, as well as SAMs such as the Patriot.
The munition has a laser-triggered proximity fuze and an expanding rod warhead that can destroy variable sized targets. It can be used against precision-guided munitions. First seen in 1992 at the Moscow Airshow 1992, the R-77 was nicknamed Amraamski by Western journalists; the basic R-77 is known as the izdeliye 170, while the export variant is known as the izdeliye 190, or RVV-AE. The R-77 and RVV-AE have a range of 80 km. Vympel did not have adequate funding during the 1990s and the first part of the following decade to support further evolution of the R-77, either for the Russian air force or the export market; the basic version of the R-77 is not thought to have entered the Russian air force inventory in significant numbers. The R-77 can be used by upgraded Su-27, MiG-31 variants in Russian Air Force service; some variants of the Su-27 in China's People's Liberation Army Air Force, including the domestically produced J-11 variants, can employ the missile. The newer Su-30MKK has a N001 with a digital bypass channel incorporating a mode allowing it to use R-77s.
The export RVV-AE has been sold with China and India placing significant orders for the munition, as was the case for the R-73. The baseline R-77 was designed in the 1980s, with development complete by around 1994. India was the first export customer for the export variant, known as the RVV-AE, with the final batch delivered in 2002. There are other variants under development. One has an upgraded motor; this variant uses a solid-fuel ramjet engine. Its range is equivalent in range to the AIM-54 Phoenix. In another version of the R-77, a terminal infrared; this is in line with the Russian practice of attacking targets by firing pairs of missiles with different homing systems. This complicates end-game defensive actions for the target aircraft, as it needs to defeat two homing systems. If a radar-guided medium-range missile is fired at an enemy jet aircraft outside the non-escape attack zone, the target aircraft may be able to escape through emergency maneuver, but at this moment, in fact, the infrared guidance has an advantage: once the jet aircraft turns to escape, the engine nozzle is exposed, the infrared characteristics are exposed.
This method of attack may not always be available as IR seekers have less range and less resistance to poor weather than radar seekers, which may limit the successful use of mixed seeker attacks unless the IR missile is directed by radar or some other means. Another improvement program was designated the R-77M, which made the missile longer and heavier, making use of a two-stage motor as well as an improved seeker. A further product-improvement of the R-77, designated the R-77M1 and the R-77-PD, was to feature a ramjet propulsion device; this missile was destined for the MiG 1.44 that for the MFI program. The munition has a laser fuse and an expanding rod warhead that can destroy the variable sized targets. However, due to funding shortage and eventual cancellation of the MiG 1.44, development of this model may have stopped by 1999. Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation known as TRV, unveiled the RVV-SD and RVV-MD missiles for the first time at the Moscow Air Show in August 2009; the RVV-SD is an improved version of the R-77, while the RVV-MD is a variant of the R-73.
The RVV-SD includes the upgrades associated with the izdeliye 170-1, or R-77-1. The RVV-SD, along with the RVV-MD, seem to be part of Russia's bid for India's medium multirole combat aircraft competition. Both designations were included by MiG on a presentation covering MiG-35 Fulcrum armament during Aero India Air Show in February; the initial RVV-SD offering is no more than a stopgap to try to maintain its position, to provide a credible radar-guided weapon to offer as part of fighter export packages and upgrade programs. According to specifications, the R-77-1 and its export variant RVV-SD is 15 kg heavier than the basic R-77 / RVV-AE, weighing 190 kg rather than 175 kg. Maximum range is increased to 110 km from 80 km; the missile is slightly longer at 3.71 m, rather than the 3.6 m of the basic variant. Additional improvemen
The Raduga KS-1 Komet referred to as AS-1 and KS-1 was a short range air-to-surface missile developed by the Soviet Union. It was carried on only two aircraft: the Tupolev Tu-4 and the Tupolev Tu-16. Development was begun in 1947 along with a related ground-launched missile, the SSC-2B "Samlet", both missiles using aerodynamics derived from the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 fighter aircraft, developed under the anti-ship missile codename "Komet"; the KS-1 was designed for use against surface ships. It resembled a scaled-down MiG-15 with the undercarriage deleted, its main fuselage was cigar-shaped with an aircraft type tail. It was propelled by a Klimov RD-500K turbojet engine, reverse-engineered from the Rolls-Royce Derwent engine. Guidance was provided by an inertial navigation system in the midcourse phase, by a semi-active radar in the terminal phase which directed the missile to its target. A 600 kg high explosive armour-piercing warhead was carried; the AS-1 is believed to have entered service in 1955 being deployed on the Tu-4 and on the Tu-16KS'Badger-B' strategic bomber, on two under-wing pylons.
The missile was exported to Egypt and Indonesia. Sources indicate that most of the AS-1 "Kennel" missiles were replaced by the AS-5'Kelt', first deployed in 1966; the last KS-1s were withdrawn from service in 1969. CubaCuban Navy EgyptEgyptian Air Force IndonesiaIndonesian Air Force Soviet Union North Korea The S-2 Sopka coastal defense system was a conventionally armed variant which attached a SPRD-15 jet assisted rocket to launch the missile from fixed launchers. After attaining sufficient velocity, the AS-1 turbojet would carry the missile to the target; the system was designed for land based attacks on sea targets and deployed in eastern block countries such as Poland and eastern Germany during the cold war. One Sopka regiment was stationed in Cuba as part of Operation Anadyr; the Samlet was fired at Israeli ships during the Yom Kippur War. The Samlets saw long service despite their obsolescence and were retired from the Soviet arsenal in 1980; the Frontline Combat Rocket was a nuclear capable mobile launching system designed for ground combat.
With a 12 kiloton warhead and 180 km range it entered the equipment of Soviet and DDR forces in 1957. It carried nuclear warheads with yields from 5 to 14 kilotons. Like the Sopka, cruising speed was achieved with a strap on SPRD-15 rocket, but the FKR system allowed launch directly from the transporter, the missile was modified to accept tactical nuclear warheads, its range was 150 kilometers. Unknown to the US military during the Cuban missile crisis, two FKR regiments armed with 80 fourteen kiloton warheads were positioned in Cuba — one to attack the American base at Guantanamo with the second positioned near Havana to destroy any units attempting landings. Although some authorities dispute whether local commanders had authority to use these theater nuclear weapons, the weapons were present and it is argued that if pressured, Soviet soldiers might have used them. SAAB Rb 08 KSShch Gordon, Yefim. Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1
The Raduga Kh-15 or RKV-15 is a Russian hypersonic aero-ballistic missile carried by the Tupolev Tu-22M and other bombers. A standoff nuclear weapon similar to the U. S. Air Force's AGM-69 SRAM, versions with conventional warheads have been developed. In 1967, MKB Raduga started developing the Kh-2000 as a replacement for the Kh-22 AS-4'Kitchen' heavy anti-shipping missile. Development of the Kh-15 started some time in the early 1970s; the sophistication of the design made it suitable for other roles, a nuclear-tipped version was developed in tandem with the conventionally armed variant. An upgrade under development was cancelled in 1991, but reports in 1998 suggested an upgraded Kh-15 might be fitted to Su-35 tactical aircraft; the Kh-15 climbs to an altitude of about 40,000 m and dives in on the target, accelerating to a speed of about Mach 5. It entered service in 1980, it can be carried by the Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6'Bear-H', Tu-22M3'Backfire C', Tu-160'Blackjack'. Kh-15 - the original version with nuclear warhead and inertial guidance Kh-15P - passive seeker for anti-radar use Kh-15S - active radar seeker for anti-shipping use Russia Soviet Union- Passed onto successor states KSR-5 - heavy anti-surface missile carried under the wings of Tu-22M Kh-59 - ASM for tactical aircraft, up to 285 km range Kh-37 - land attack version of subsonic Kh-35 Anti-Ship missile, 250 km range AGM-69 SRAM - 1000 kg US missile with up to 170 km range Gordon, Yefim.
Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1
An air-to-surface missile or air-to-ground missile is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft at targets on land or sea. There are unpowered guided glide bombs not considered missiles; the two most common propulsion systems for air-to-surface missiles are rocket motors with shorter range, slower, longer-range jet engines. Some Soviet-designed air-to-surface missiles are powered by ramjets, giving them both long range and high speed. Guidance for air-to-surface missiles is via laser guidance, infrared guidance, optical guidance or via satellite guidance signals; the type of guidance depends on the type of target. Ships, for example, may be detected via passive radar or active radar homing, less effective against multiple, fast-moving land targets. There is some cross-over between surface-to-surface missiles. For example, there was an air-launched version of the Tomahawk missile, superseded by the AGM-86 ALCM. Other missiles used in both roles include the AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
Many air-to-surface missiles can be used against both ships and land targets, although some must be modified to perform a different role. A major advantage of air-to-surface missiles for ground attack by aircraft is the standoff distance they provide: missiles can be launched from a distance without coming within range of the target's air defences. Most air-to-surface missiles are fire-and-forget from a standoff distance, allowing the attacker to withdraw without approaching further after launch; some missiles have long enough range to be launched over the horizon, finding the target autonomously. Sub-categories of air-to-surface missiles include: air-launched anti-tank guided missiles air-launched cruise missiles air-launched anti-ship missiles anti-radiation missilesTypically, the higher and faster the launching aircraft is flying, the longer the reach of a particular missile is. For long-range missiles this difference can be small, but short-range missiles have a much longer range when launched at altitude.
There have been examples of air-launched ballistic missiles. Sometimes air-to-surface missiles are divided into the categories of strategic. Missiles with chemical explosive or small nuclear warheads are classed as tactical, large nuclear warheads as strategic. MP-1000 Martín Pescador AS-25K MAR-1 Anti-radiation missile FOG-MPM Fiber Optics Guided Multiple Purpose Missile. AVTM-300 Cruise missile. C-101 C-601 C-602 C-611 C-701 C-704 C-705 C-801 C-802 C-805 Changfeng Changfeng DH-10 FL series FL-8 FL-9 FL-10 FL-7 HJ-8 HJ-9 HJ-10 HJ-73 HN-1 HN-3 HN-2 HY series KD1 KD2 KD-63 KD-88 LMD-002 LMD-003 Sky Arrow Sky Arrow 90 SY series TBI TL-6 TL-10 YJ-12 YJ-22 YJ-62 YJ-63 YJ-82 YJ-83 YJ-91 ZD1 AS-20 MBDA AS 30 Apache Exocet HOT Storm Shadow PARS 3 LR Taurus KEPD 350 ARMIGER PARS 3 LR HOT AS.34 Kormoran RBS-15 HSC-1 Makedon BrahMos HeliNa AGM-176 Griffin Popeye Nimrod Luz Ghased 3 Zoobin Sattar 1 Sattar 2 Sattar 3 Sattar 4 Ghaem Penguin missile Naval Strike Missile Baktar-Shikan H-2 SOW H-4 SOW Ra'ad Barq Denel ZT3 Ingwe laser guided anti-tank guided missile Denel Mokopa air-to-ground missile Kentron TORGOS air launched sub-sonic cruise missile Denel Small Guided Missile Rb 05 RBS 15 SOM Cirit UMTAS Hassas Güdümlü Silah Sistemi Blue Steel missile Brimstone missile Green Cheese missile ALARM Storm Shadow BAe Sea Eagle GAM-87 Skybolt Lightweight Multirole Missile SPEAR 3 AGM-12 Bullpup AGM-22 AGM-28 Hound Dog AGM-45 Shrike AGM-53 Condor AGM-62 Walleye AGM-63 AGM-64 Hornet AGM-65 Maverick AGM-69 SRAM AGM-76 Falcon AGM-78 Standard ARM AGM-79 Blue Eye AGM-80 Viper AGM-83 Bulldog AGM-84 Harpoon AGM-86 ALCM AGM-87 Focus AGM-88 HARM AGM-112 AGM-114 Hellfire AGM-119 Penguin AGM-122 Sidearm AGM-123 Skipper AGM-124 Wasp AGM-129 ACM AGM-130 AGM-131 SRAM II AGM-136 Tacit Rainbow AGM-137 TSSAM AGM-142 Have Nap AGM-153 AGM-154 JSOW AGM-158 JASSM AGM-159 JASSM AGM-176 Griffin AGM-X Bold Orion GAM-87 Skybolt High Virgo Joint Air-to-Ground Missile R-82 S-5 S-8 S-13 S-24 S-25 Kh-15 Kh-20 Kh-22 Kh-23/Kh-66'Grom' Kh-25 Kh-29 Kh-31 Kh-32 Kh-38 Kh-59 Kh-90 AS-1'Kennel' AS-2'Kipper' AS-3'Kangaroo' AS-4'Kitchen' AS-5'Kelt' AS-6'Kingfish' AS-7'K