Los Angeles Lakers
The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Lakers compete in the National Basketball Association, as a club of the leagues Western Conference Pacific Division. The Lakers are one of the most successful teams in the history of the NBA, as of 2015, the Lakers are the second most valuable franchise in the NBA according to Forbes, having an estimated value of $2.7 billion. The franchise began with the 1947 purchase of a disbanded team, the new team began playing in Minneapolis, calling themselves the Minneapolis Lakers in honor of the states nickname, Land of 10,000 Lakes. The team was propelled by center George Mikan, who is described by the NBAs official website as the leagues first superstar, after struggling financially in the late 1950s following Mikans retirement, they relocated to Los Angeles before the 1960–61 season. Led by Hall of Famers Elgin Baylor and Jerry West, Los Angeles made the NBA Finals six times in the 1960s, but lost each series to the Boston Celtics, beginning their long and storied rivalry.
After the retirement of West and Chamberlain, the team acquired another center, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who had won multiple MVP awards and this team featured Hall of Famers in Johnson, Abdul-Jabbar, and James Worthy, and a Hall of Fame coach, Pat Riley. After Abdul-Jabbar and Johnsons retirement, the team struggled in the early 1990s before acquiring Shaquille ONeal, led by ONeal and another Hall of Fame coach, Phil Jackson, Los Angeles won three consecutive titles between 2000 to 2002, securing the franchise its second three-peat. After losing both the 2004 and 2008 NBA Finals, the Lakers won two championships by defeating the Orlando Magic in 2009 and Boston in 2010. The Lakers hold the record for NBAs longest winning streak,33 straight games,21 Hall of Famers have played for Los Angeles, while four have coached the team. Four Lakers—Abdul-Jabbar, Johnson, ONeal, and Bryant—have won the NBA MVP Award for a total of eight awards, Minneapolis sportswriter Sid Hartman played a key behind the scenes role in helping put together the deal and the team.
Inspired by Minnesotas nickname, Land of 10,000 Lakes, Hartman helped them hire John Kundla from College of St. Thomas, to be their first head coach, by meeting with him and selling him on the team. The Lakers had a roster which featured forward Jim Pollard, playmaker Herm Schaefer, and center George Mikan. In their first season, they led the league with a 43–17 record, in 1948, the Lakers moved from the NBL to the Basketball Association of America, and Mikans 28.3 point per game scoring average set a BAA record. In the 1949 BAA Finals they won the championship, beating the Washington Capitols four games to two, the following season, the team improved to 51–17, repeating as champions. In the 1950–51 season, Mikan won his third straight scoring title at 28.4 ppg, one of those games, a 19–18 loss against the Fort Wayne Pistons, became infamous as the lowest scoring game in NBA history. In the playoffs, they defeated the Indianapolis Olympians in three games but lost to the Rochester Royals in the next round, during the 1951–52 season, the Lakers won 40 games, finishing second in their division.
They faced the New York Knicks in the NBA Finals, which won in seven games
New York Knicks
The New York Knickerbockers, commonly referred to as the Knicks, are an American professional basketball team based in New York City. The Knicks compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference. The team plays its games at Madison Square Garden, located in the borough of Manhattan. They are one of two NBA teams located in New York City, the other is the Brooklyn Nets, along with the Boston Celtics, the Knicks are one of only two original NBA teams still located in its original city. The Knicks were successful during their years and were constant playoff contenders under the franchises first head coach Joe Lapchick. Beginning in 1950, the Knicks made three appearances in the NBA Finals, all of which were losing efforts. Lapchick resigned in 1956 and the team began to falter. It was not until the late 1960s when Red Holzman became head coach that the Knicks began to regain their former dominance, Holzman successfully guided the Knicks to two NBA championships, in 1970 and 1973.
The Knicks of the 1980s had mixed success that included six playoff appearances, the playoff-level Knicks of the 1990s were led by future Hall of Fame center Patrick Ewing, this era was marked by passionate rivalries with the Chicago Bulls, Indiana Pacers, and Miami Heat. During this time, they were known for playing tough defense under head coaches Pat Riley, during this era, the Knicks made two appearances in the NBA Finals, in 1994 and 1999, though they were unable to win an NBA championship. Since 2000, the Knicks have struggled to regain their former glory, in 2012–13, the franchise won its first division title in 19 years, but was eliminated in the second round of the playoffs by the Indiana Pacers. According to a 2016 Forbes report, the Knicks were the most-valuable NBA franchise, in 1946, particularly college basketball, was a growing and increasingly profitable sport in New York City. Hockey was another sport at the time and generated considerable profits, however. Max Kase, a New York sportswriter, became the editor at the Boston American in the 1930s.
Kase developed the idea of a professional league to showcase college players upon their graduation. Brown, intrigued by the opportunity to attain additional income when the teams were not playing or on the road. Ned Irish, a college basketball promoter, retired sportswriter and president of Madison Square Garden, was in attendance, Kase originally planned to own and operate the New York franchise himself and approached Irish with a proposal to lease the Garden. Irish explained that the rules of the Arena Managers Association of America stated that Madison Square Garden was required to own any professional teams played in the arena
TD Garden, often called Boston Garden and The Garden, is a multi-purpose arena in Boston. It is named after its sponsor, TD Bank, a subsidiary of Canadas Toronto-Dominion Bank and it opened in 1995 as a replacement for the original Boston Garden and has been known as Shawmut Center, FleetCenter, and TD Banknorth Garden. TD Garden is the arena for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League. It is owned by Delaware North, whose CEO, Jeremy Jacobs and it is the site of the annual Beanpot college hockey tournament, and hosts the annual Hockey East Championships. It is located directly above Bostons North Station, as early as the late 1970s, the team was looking for a new arena. The team nearly moved to Salem, New Hampshire around where Rockingham Park is today and that fell through and the Bruins continued to reside in Boston Garden. In 1985, Boston Garden owner Delaware North was awarded the rights to construct a new arena by the Boston Redevelopment Authority, poor economic conditions delayed the project.
That December, a bill approving construction of the new arena was killed in the Massachusetts Senate by Senate President William M. Bulger.5 million in linkage payments. Two weeks later, after a new series of negotiations, the two finally came to an agreement, and on February 26 the Legislature passed a bill that allowed for construction of a new sports arena. Construction began on April 29,1993, plans for the new arena stated that it would be slightly north of the old facility. The term slightly north ended up meaning there was only nine inches of space between the two buildings when construction was completed. The site for the new arena occupied 3.2 acres, ground was broken on April 29,1993. In 27 months, quick by todays standards, the arena was built and that included seven weeks of delay caused by heavy snowfall. The Shawmut Center opened on September 30,1995, when constructed to replace the aging Boston Garden, the arena was called the FleetCenter. The arena opened on September 30,1995, during the construction phase, the naming rights to the New Garden were sold to a major Boston-based regional bank, Shawmut Bank.
However, just as the Shawmut Center was being completed, the New Gardens sponsor, shortly before the new arena opened, every seat, which had been stamped with the Shawmut logo, had to be replaced. Also, the color scheme for the interior had to be adjusted from Shawmuts blue-and-white to Fleets green-and-gold. The name of the arena was expected to change as a result of the April 1,2004 merger of FleetBoston Financial with Bank of America
The Sacramento Kings are an American professional basketball team based in Sacramento, California. The Kings compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Western Conference Pacific Division. The Kings are the team in the major professional North American sports leagues located in Sacramento. The team play its games at the Golden 1 Center. The Kings are the oldest franchise in the NBA, and one of the oldest continuously operating professional basketball franchises in the nation and they originated in Rochester, New York as the Rochester Seagrams in 1923 and joined the National Basketball League in 1945 as the Rochester Royals. They jumped to the Basketball Association of America, forerunner of the NBA, as the Royals, the team was often successful on the court, winning the NBA championship in 1951. However, they found it difficult to turn a profit in the comparatively small market of Rochester. In 1972, the relocated to Kansas City, Missouri. In 1975, the Kings ceased playing home games in Omaha, the team again failed to find success in that market, and moved to Sacramento in 1985.
The Royals defected to the NBLs rival, the Basketball Association of America, in 1948. In 1949, as a result of that absorption of the NBL by the BAA, the Royals became members of the newly formed NBA along with the Fort Wayne Pistons, Minneapolis Lakers. A year later, the BAA absorbed the remaining NBL teams to become the National Basketball Association, the move to the BAA took away Rochesters profitable exhibition schedule, and placed it in the same Western Division that Minneapolis was in. Of the two best teams in pro basketball, only one of them could play in the finals from 1949 to 1954. Minneapolis, with George Mikan, was almost always a little better at playoff time than the Royals, Harrison knew that the NBA was outgrowing Rochester, and spent most of the 1950s looking for a buyer for his team. The Royals won the NBA title in 1951 by defeating the New York Knicks 4 games to 3 and it is the only NBA championship in the franchises history. However, the title did not translate into profit for the Royals, the roster turned over in 1955, except for Bobby Wanzer, the team moved to the larger Rochester War Memorial.
Now a losing team filled with rookies, the Royals still did not turn a profit, the NBA was putting pressure on Harrison to sell or relocate his team to a larger city. With this in mind, the 1956–57 season was the Royals last in Rochester, in April 1957, the Harrison brothers moved the Royals to Cincinnati
The NBA Finals is the championship series of the National Basketball Association played between the Western and Eastern champions of the Conference Finals. The first team to win four games in the game series is declared the league champion and is awarded the Larry OBrien Championship Trophy. Winners from 1946 to 1983 received the Walter A. Brown Trophy redesigned in 1977 to the current form, the NBA Finals has been played at the end of every NBA and Basketball Association of America season in history, the first being held in 1947. Most NBA Finals series were played under the 2–2–1–1–1 format prior to 1985, the series was named the BAA Finals from 1947 to 1949 and changed to the NBA World Championship Series from 1950 to 1982. The following two years, the league used Showdown 83 and Showdown 84 and it returned to NBA World Championship Series in 1985, before settling on NBA Finals in 1986. During the first decade the Minneapolis Lakers had the first NBA dynasty, the team featured George Mikan, one of the greatest players in NBA history.
The Boston Celtics went 11–1 in the NBA Finals during 13 seasons and they won eight straight NBA championships from 1959 through 1966. With the establishment of the Celtics dynasty in 1957, Bill Russell became the star of the league, Game 7 of the NBA Finals was decided on a Celtics basket in the final seconds of the second overtime. For most of the late 1950s and 1960s, the Celtics always seemed to have the hand on Wilt Chamberlains teams. The following season, he joined the Philadelphia 76ers, the former Syracuse Nationals team that had moved to cover the vacancy created with the departure of the Warriors, a clash between the two stars in the playoffs was in 1966 and Boston won it 4–1. Chamberlains coach told him to play a game, not an individual game. His new-found team spirit brought them to a new record of 68 wins the season, and they defeated the Celtics and advanced to, and won. In 1968, Boston overcame a 3–1 deficit against Philadelphia to once again arrive in the Finals and they went on to defeat the Los Angeles Lakers for the sixth straight time,4 games to 2.
In 1969, the Celtics overcame even longer odds, Boston was an aging team and had injuries to a number of players. They barely qualified for the playoffs, finishing fourth in the East, the Lakers, who in the offseason added Chamberlain to join West and Elgin Baylor, won the West and were prohibitive favorites to finally win it all for the first time since relocating to L. A. They won the first two games at the Los Angeles Forum, when the series shifted to Boston Garden, the Celtics won Game 3 110–105. Game 4 was the point, as the Lakers led 87–86 and had the ball with 10 seconds to play. But after a turnover, Sam Jones put up a shot hit the front of the rim, the back heel, rolled around
1999 NBA Playoffs
The 1999 NBA Playoffs was the postseason tournament of the National Basketball Associations 1998-99 season. The tournament concluded with the Western Conference champion San Antonio Spurs defeating the Eastern Conference champion New York Knicks 4 games to 1, tim Duncan was named NBA Finals MVP. The 1999 Playoffs are memorable in that a #8 seed made it to the Finals for the time in history. This was the first time two teams played each other on consecutive nights in playoff history. Iverson led the Sixers to the 2001 NBA Finals, the Bulls, despite being defending champions, missed the playoffs for the first time since 1984. They became the first defending champion since the 1969–70 Boston Celtics to miss the playoffs and they won 12 straight games, and finished 15–2. After losing their Eastern Conference Semifinal series to the Knicks, the Hawks did not return to the playoffs until 2008, Game 4 of the Spurs–Lakers series was the last NBA game ever played in the Great Western Forum. Game 5 of the Knicks–Pacers series was the last NBA game ever played at Market Square Arena, for the first time since 1991, no series went seven games.
Game 4 of the Lakers–Rockets series turned out to be the final appearance in Charles Barkleys Hall of Fame career. Champion, San Antonio Spurs 1st Round San Antonio Spurs vs. Portland Trail Blazers vs. Utah Jazz vs, Conference Semifinals San Antonio Spurs vs. Portland Trail Blazers vs. Conference Finals San Antonio Spurs vs. Indiana Pacers vs. Orlando Magic vs. Atlanta Hawks vs, Conference Semifinals Indiana Pacers vs. Atlanta Hawks vs. New York Knicks, Knicks win series 4-2 Game 1 @ Market Square Arena, New York 93, Indiana 90 Game 2 @ Market Square Arena, Indiana 88 and this was the first playoff meeting between the Knicks and the Spurs
1985 NBA Playoffs
The 1985 NBA Playoffs was the postseason tournament of the National Basketball Associations 1984–85 season. The tournament concluded with the Western Conference champion Los Angeles Lakers defeating the Eastern Conference champion Boston Celtics 4 games to 2 in the NBA Finals, kareem Abdul-Jabbar was named NBA Finals MVP for the second time. The Lakers had been unsuccessful in their previous eight attempts to defeat the Celtics in the NBA Finals, the Lakers, won the title in Boston, something no other NBA team has ever accomplished. The Cavaliers made the playoffs for the first time since 1978 and it was the first time that all three teams from Texas made the playoffs in the same year. The Denver Nuggets advanced to the finals for the first time since 1978. The Philadelphia 76ers, on the hand, advanced to the conference finals for the fifth time in six years. Champion, Los Angeles Lakers 1st Round Los Angeles Lakers vs. Denver Nuggets vs. Houston Rockets vs. Dallas Mavericks vs, Conference Semifinals Los Angeles Lakers vs.
Denver Nuggets vs. Conference Finals Los Angeles Lakers vs. Champion, Boston Celtics 1st Round Boston Celtics vs. Milwaukee Bucks vs. Philadelphia 76ers vs, Conference Semifinals Boston Celtics vs. Milwaukee Bucks vs. Boston Celtics vs. Basketball-Reference. coms 1985 NBA Playoffs page
Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, southwest of downtown Los Angeles. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the city had a population of 109,673 and it was incorporated on February 14,1908. The city is in the South Bay region of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park is currently under construction in the city and when completed around 2019 will be the new home of both the Los Angeles Rams and the Los Angeles Chargers. The earliest residents of what is now Inglewood were Native Americans who used the springs in todays Edward Vincent Jr. Park. Local historian Gladys Waddingham wrote that these took the name Centinela from the hills that rose gradually around them. These settlers, she wrote, were ordered by the officials of the San Gabriel Mission to graze their animals on the side of Los Angeles in order not to infringe on Mission lands. Later Avila constructed an adobe on a slight rise overlooking the creek that ran from Centinela Springs all the way to the ocean.
According to the LAOkay web site, this adobe was built where the present baseball field is in the park, two years later, Waddingham writes, Ygnacio was granted the 2, 220-acre Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela even though this land had already been claimed by Avila. Inglewood Park Cemetery, a widely used cemetery for the region, was founded in 1905. The city has been home to the Hollywood Park Racetrack from 1938 to 2013, fosters Freeze, the first Soft Serve ice cream chain in California, was founded by George Foster in 1946 in Inglewood. Inglewood was named an All-America City by the National Civic League in 1989, on January 12,2016, Inglewood was selected to be the home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. The raid led to the death of one of the culprits. A jury returned a not guilty verdict for all defendants who completed the trial and it was this scandal, according to the Los Angeles Times, that eventually led to the outlawing of the Klan in California. The Klan had a chapter in Inglewood as late as October 1931, no blacks had ever lived in Inglewood, Gladys Waddingham wrote, but by 1960, they lived in great numbers along its eastern borders.
This came to the displeasure of the predominantly white residents already residing in Inglewood. In 1960, the census counted only 29 Negroes among Inglewoods 63,390 residents, not a single black child attended the citys schools. Real estate agents refused to show homes to blacks, a rumored curfew kept blacks off the streets at night. Inglewood was a target because of its history of restrictions
St. Louis Arena
St. Louis Arena was an indoor arena located in St. Louis, that stood from 1929 to 1999. It was home to the St. Louis Blues and various other sports franchises, the Arena was located directly across I-64 from Forest Parks Aviation Field. At the conclusion of the 1904 Worlds Fair, St. Louis ended its tradition of annually hosting large indoor agriculture. The city tore down its huge St. Louis Exposition and Music Hall, in 1928 the National Dairy Show offered the city the opportunity to become the permanent location for its annual two-week meeting of dairymen and their prize animals. With no public funds available, a group of businessmen raised private funding for what was projected as a $2 million building, the National Exposition Company in charge of the project hired Gustel R. Kiewitt as architect and the Boaz-Kiel Construction Company as general contractor. Kiewits design called for a roof supported by 20 cantilever steel trusses. The lamella design consisted of Douglas fir ribs,3.75 inches thick,17.5 inches wide and 15 feet long, fitted together diagonally, the huge structure was completed in 1929, just over a year after construction began.
At 476 feet long and 276 feet wide, it was behind only Madison Square Garden as the largest indoor entertainment space in the country, a 13-story building could have been erected inside of it. The Arena was not well-maintained after the 1940s, and its roof was damaged by a February 1959 tornado, after repairs, it was re-opened as the home of the Central Hockey Leagues St. Louis Braves, a Chicago Black Hawks farm team. The renovations included the removal of the fencing that enforced segregation, in the 1973 NCAA Basketball Final, the UCLA Bruins and legendary coach John Wooden defeated Memphis State 87–66, behind 44 points from Bill Walton who went 21 of 22 from the floor. Over 19,000 were in attendance at the Arena, on February 13,1974 the St. Louis Stars played host to the Red Army team at the Arena in the final match of Russian squads three-city indoor soccer tour of North America. Attendance for the match was 12,241, in the 1978 NCAA Basketball Final, the Kentucky Wildcats and coach Joe B.
Hall defeated Duke 94-88 led by the 41-point effort of Jack Givens. From 1980 to 1993, St. Louis Arena was the site of the Braggin Rights basketball game played between the University of Missouri and the University of Illinois. After the 1968 departure of the NBAs St. Louis Hawks, the Spirits played in the Arena for the final two seasons of the American Basketball Association, 1974–75 and 1975–76. Their announcer on KMOX radio was a young Bob Costas, young players such as Steve Jones, Marvin Barnes, Maurice Lucas and Moses Malone all played for the Spirits during their tenure at the Arena. The team was not included in the ABA–NBA merger in 1976, the Spirits and the Kentucky Colonels were disbanded. Spirits owners Ozzie and Daniel Silna pulled off a coup in their dissolution agreement when the ABA–NBA merger was finalized. The Silnas negotiated to receive a portion of TV monies in perpetuity, by the time the NHLs St. Louis Blues began playing at the Arena in 1967, it had fallen into such poor condition that it had to be heavily renovated in time for the 1967–68 season
1991 NBA Playoffs
The 1991 NBA Playoffs was the postseason tournament of the National Basketball Associations 1990–91 season. The tournament concluded with the Eastern Conference champion Chicago Bulls defeating the Western Conference champion Los Angeles Lakers 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals, michael Jordan was named NBA Finals MVP. After the Pistons had ended their season the last three years, the Bulls got revenge in the Eastern Conference Finals by sweeping the two-time defending NBA champions. It was the first time the Bulls won a series over the Pistons since 1974. Game 4 ended with some of the Pistons walking off the court before time expired, in the 1989 NBA Finals, the Pistons themselves had swept the two-time defending champion Lakers. Detroit did not reach the finals again until 2003. The seventh seeded Golden State Warriors stunned the San Antonio Spurs in the first round of the playoffs and it would be Golden States last playoff series win until 2007. The 76ers and the Bucks met in the first round of the playoffs where the 76ers swept the series and it would be both teams last playoff appearance until 1999.
Game 4 of the Blazers–Jazz series was the last game played at the Salt Palace. This was the first year that NBC aired the NBA Playoffs, Los Angeles Lakers 1st Round Portland Trail Blazers vs. Los Angeles Lakers vs. Phoenix Suns vs, Conference Semifinals Portland Trail Blazers vs. Conference Finals Portland Trail Blazers vs. Champion, Chicago Bulls 1st Round Chicago Bulls vs, detroit Pistons vs. Milwaukee Bucks vs. Conference Finals Chicago Bulls vs. Chicago Bulls vs. Basketball-References 1991 NBA Playoffs page
The Philadelphia 76ers are an American professional basketball team based in Philadelphia metropolitan area. The 76ers compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Eastern Conference Atlantic Division. Founded in 1946 and originally known as the Syracuse Nationals, they are one of the oldest franchises in the NBA and they have won three NBA championships, with their first coming as the Syracuse Nationals in 1955. The second title came in the 1966–67 season, a team which was led by Chamberlain, the third title came in the 1982–83 season, won by a team led by Erving and Malone. The 76ers have only been back to the NBA Finals once since then, in 2001, while in the NBL with teams largely consisting of small Midwestern towns, the Nationals put together a 21–23 record, finishing in 4th place. In the playoffs, the Nats would be beaten by the fellow upstate neighbor Rochester Royals in 4 games, in their second season, 1947–48, the Nationals would struggle, finishing in 5th place with a 24–36 record.
Despite their struggles, the Nats would make the playoffs, getting swept by the Anderson Duffey Packers in 3 straight games, several teams began to leave the NBL for the BAA as the foundation for an absorption was laid. The Nationals recipe for success began by recruiting Leo Ferris, in the playoffs the Nationals would make quick work of the Hammond Calumet Buccaneers, winning the series in 2 straight games. However, in the semifinals the Nats would fall to the Anderson Duffey Packers for the second season in 4 games. In 1949, the Nationals were one of seven NBL teams that were absorbed by the Basketball Association of America to form the NBA, the Nationals were an instant success in the NBA, winning the Eastern Division in the 1949–1950 season, with a league best record of 51–13. In the playoffs the Nationals continued to play basketball, beating the Philadelphia Warriors in 2 straight. Moving on to the Eastern Finals, the Nationals battled the New York Knickerbockers, in the NBA Finals, the Nationals faced fellow NBL alums the Minneapolis Lakers.
In Game 1 of the Finals the Nats lost just their home game of the season 68–66. The Nats did not recover, as they fell behind 3 games to 1 before falling in 6 games, despite several teams leaving the NBA for the National Professional Basketball League before the 1950–1951 season, the Nationals decided to stay put. In their second NBA season the Nationals played mediocre basketball all season, however, in the playoffs the Nats played their best basketball of the season as they stunned the 1st place Philadelphia Warriors in 2 straight, taking Game 1 on the road in overtime 91–89. In the Eastern Finals the Nationals were beaten by the New York Knickerbockers in a hard-fought 5-game series, in the playoffs the Nats knocked off the Philadelphia Warriors again in a 3-game series. However, in the Eastern Finals the Nats fell to the New York Knickerbockers again, the Nationals would finish in 2nd place in a hard fought 3-way battle for first place in the Eastern Division for the 1952–1953 season, with a record of 47–24.
In the playoffs the Nationals would face the Boston Celtics dropping Game 1 at home 87–81, the Nationals acquired Alex Groza, and Ralph Beard as the Indianapolis Olympians folded leaving the NBA with just 9 teams for the 1953–1954 season