Field goal (basketball)
In basketball, a field goal is a basket scored on any shot or tap other than a free throw, worth two or three points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket. Uncommonly, a field goal can be worth other values such as one point in FIBA 3x3 basketball competitions or four points in the BIG3 basketball league. "Field goal" is the official terminology used by the National Basketball Association in their rule book, in their box scores and statistics, in referees' rulings. The same term is the official wording used by the National Collegiate Athletic Association and high school basketball. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar holds the NBA record for field goals made in a career with 15,837. Wilt Chamberlain, one of the most prolific scorers of all time, holds the top four spots for most field goals made in a season and has the two top field goal percentages for a season. One of the greatest field-goal shooters of all time is Michael Jordan, who led the NBA in field goals made ten times. Shaquille O'Neal has the record for most seasons with the best field goal percentage, Artis Gilmore has the record for highest career field goal percentage.
Steve Nash was one of the greatest all-around shooters in the history of the NBA, holding the record for 50–40–90 seasons, a mark of all-around shooting for two-point field goals, three-point field goals, free throws. Nash recorded four of the eleven 50–40–90 seasons in NBA history. One type of field goal is called a slam dunk; this occurs when a player jumps near the basket with possession of the ball, throwing the ball down through the basket while airborne. The word "slam" is derived onomatopoeically from the sound of the player's hands hitting, grabbing releasing the hoop. NBA records
Charles E. Tyra was an American basketball player, best known as the first Louisville Cardinal All-American. Tyna attended Atherton High School in Louisville and played collegiately for the Louisville Cardinals from 1954–1957. Tyra was a 1957 All-American, he is still the school's leading all-time rebounder and ranks 11th on the NCAA career rebounds list with 1,617. He was the first and one of four to have their basketball jersey number retired by Louisville Cardinals. Tyra was the No. 2 overall pick of the 1957 NBA draft by the Detroit Pistons. Prior to the April 17, 1957 draft day, on April 3, 1957, the #2 pick was traded by the Pistons with Mel Hutchins to the New York Knicks for Dick Atha, Nathaniel Clifton and Harry Gallatin. On May 16, 1961, Tyra was traded by the New York Knicks with Bob McNeill to the Chicago Packers for Dave Budd. Overall, Tyra played five seasons in the National Basketball Association for the New York Knicks and Chicago Packers, he played one season with the Pittsburgh Rens of the American Basketball League.
Tyra averaged 7.4 rebounds in 348 NBA games. Tyra died, aged 71, at the Franciscan Health Care Center in Louisville, Kentucky on December 29, 2006. Tyra's son, Vince Tyra, is athletic director at the University of Louisville, he served as the interim athletic director after the departure of Tom Jurich and was appointed permanently to the position on March 26, 2018. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 30 or more rebounds in a game List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career rebounding leaders ESPN article reporting Tyra's death Charlie Tyra at Find a Grave
George Washington Colonials men's basketball
The George Washington Colonials men's basketball team represents George Washington University in the United States' capital, Washington, D. C, it plays its home games in the Charles E. Smith Center, shared with other George Washington Colonials athletic programs; the school's team competes in the Atlantic 10 Conference. The school fired head coach Mike Lonergan on September 16, 2016 after an investigation found him guilty of verbally and abusing his players; the school named assistant coach Maurice Joseph interim coach for the 2016–17 season. On March 27, 2017, the school named Maurice Joseph full-time head coach. Joseph was fired after the 2018–19 season. On March 21, 2019, former Siena head coach Jamion Christian was hired as the new head coach. Mike Jarvis was hired as head coach in 1990. Led by future NBA player Yinka Dare, the Colonials received an at-large bid to the 1993 NCAA Tournament, the Colonials first NCAA Tournament appearance since 1961. GW advanced to the Sweet Sixteen before losing to the Fab Five Michigan team.
The Colonials would make NCAA Tournament appearances in 1994, 1996, 1998 under Jarvis. Jarvis would leave the school in 1998 to accept the head coaching position at St. John's; the school hired fired Texas head coach, Thomas Penders. Penders would spend three years before resigning amidst accusations of NCAA rules violations. GW would turn to Karl Hobbs on May 2, 2001 as head coach. Hobbs, who spent eight years an assistant at Connecticut, led GW to back to the national stage in 2004 after defeating No. 9 Michigan State and No. 12 Maryland in back-to-back games to win the 2004 BB&T Classic. That year, the men's basketball team went on to win the Atlantic 10 West title and the Atlantic 10 Tournament, earning an automatic bid to the 2005 NCAA Tournament; the team received a No. 12 seed. The team began the 2005–06 season ranked 21st in the Associated Press poll, reaching as high as sixth in the polls and closed out the year ranked 19th in the nation. With a 26–2 going into the 2006 NCAA Tournament.
They received an at-large bid to the Tournament as a No. 8 seed where they came back from an 18-point second-half deficit to defeat No. 9 seed UNC-Wilmington. However, in the Second Round, they lost to the top overall seed. J. R. Pinnock was drafted in the 2006 NBA Draft and two other Colonials from that team played in the NBA. Pops Mensah-Bonsu played for the Dallas Mavericks, Houston Rockets, San Antonio Spurs, Toronto Raptors and Mike Hall played for the Washington Wizards; the 2006–07 basketball season was considered by many to be a rebuilding year for the Colonials after graduating their entire starting front court and losing Pinnock to the NBA. Coach Karl Hobbs and Senior guard Carl Elliott led the team to a 23–8 record, winning the 2007 Atlantic 10 Tournament, once again earning an automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament; the Colonials were lost to No. 6-seed Vanderbilt. The Colonials would struggle the next three years and after finishing the 2010–11 season with a record of 17–14, capped by a disappointing 71–59 overtime loss to Saint Joseph's in the conference tournament, Karl Hobbs was dismissed as head coach.
On May 11, 2011, Mike Lonergan, former head coach of Vermont, was hired to replace Hobbs. The 2011–12 basketball season, Lonergan's first with the Colonials, resulted in a 10–21 record. By the 2013–14 season, Lonergan had rebuilt the program and finished third in the Atlantic 10 with a 24–8 record; the team received an at-large bid to the 2014 NCAA Tournament, its first NCAA Tournament since 2007. They would lose to Memphis in the Second Round; the Colonials regressed the following year, finishing 22–12. They did, receive a bid to the NIT where they defeated Pittsburgh before losing in the second round to Temple. In 2016, the Colonials again missed the NCAA Tournament and again received a bid to the NIT; this time the Colonials would defeat Hofstra and Florida to reach the NIT final four at Madison Square Garden. In the NIT semifinal, they defeated San Diego State to advance to the championship game. In the championship game, they cruised to the NIT championship with a 76–60 win over Valparaiso.
However, the Colonials could not build on their NIT success as the school fired head coach Mike Lonergan on September 16, 2016 after an investigation found him guilty of verbally and abusing his players. The school named assistant coach Maurice Joseph interim coach for the 2016–17 season; the Colonials finished the 2017 season 20–15, 10–8 in A-10 play and received a bid to the College Basketball Invitational where they defeated Toledo in the first round before losing to UIC. On March 27, 2017, the school named Maurice Joseph full-time head coach. Joseph was fired after the 2018–19 season; the Colonials have appeared in the NCAA Tournament 11 times. Their combined record is 4–11; the Colonials have appeared in the National Invitation Tournament six times. Their combined record is 6–5, they won the NIT championship in 2016. The Colonials have appeared in the College Basketball Invitational two times, their combined record is 1–2. The Colonials have had 27 coaches in its history including two seasons with two head coaches.
GW 97, No. 5 West Virginia 93 – February 17, 1960 After falling to the Mountaineers earlier in the season, an announced crowd of 6,400 watched the Colonials host Jerry West and the nation’s fifth-ranked basketball team. Despite giving up 40 points, 13 rebounds and 7 assists to West, GW Athletic Hall of Famer Jon F
Robert Parish is an American retired basketball center who played 21 seasons in the NBA, tied for the most in league history. He played an NBA-record 1,611 regular season games in his career. Parish was known for his strong defense, high arcing jump shots, clutch rebounding late in games. Parish was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2003. In 1996, Parish was named as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History, his nickname was The Chief, after the fictitious Chief Bromden, a silent, giant Native American character in the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. According to Parish, former Celtics forward Cedric Maxwell gave him this nickname because of his stoic nature. Robert is the son of Ada Parish, he is the oldest of their four children. Parish was 6 feet 6 inches in the seventh grade when junior high coach Coleman Kidd first noticed him and encouraged him to play basketball, new to him. Coleman would come to the Parish family home if Robert missed a practice and gave Parish a basketball to practice with.
It was at this time that Parish started wearing his uniform No. 00: On the day they passed out the uniforms in junior high school, it was the only jersey left.“I didn’t like basketball growing up.” Parish said, talking about how he focused instead on football and track. “ Coleman would] come to my house and take me to practice every day until I had to start showing up myself, I give all the credit to him.”Parish attended Woodlawn High School in Shreveport, where he played for Coach Ken Ivy. He had first attended Union High School. Named All-American, All-State, All-District, All-City in 1972, Parish led Woodlawn High School to the 1972 Louisiana High School Athletic Association Class AAAA state championship. Parish attended Centenary College of Louisiana, playing for Coach Larry Little, from 1972–1976, choosing the school because it was close to his home. However, he received no notice because of one of the most severe penalties levied by the National Collegiate Athletic Association.“The reason why I chose Centenary is because of their coaches,” Parish said.
“I was impressed with the coaches."In 1965, the NCAA adopted the so-called "1.6 rule" to determine academic eligibility of incoming freshmen. Under its provisions, freshmen academically qualified if their high school grades and standardized test scores predicted a minimum college grade point average of 1.6 on a 4-point scale. Parish, who led Woodlawn High School in Shreveport to the Louisiana High School Athletic Association Class AAAA state championship in 1972, took a standardized test that did not fit the NCAA's formula; this was a violation of NCAA regulations. Shortly before Parish was to enroll, the NCAA notified Centenary that he and four other basketball players whose test scores had been converted were ineligible to play there, but said that the school would not be subject to penalty if it rescinded the five scholarships. Centenary argued that the rule did not say that the school could not convert the scores of Parish and the other players, while the NCAA argued that Centenary could not use the test taken by Parish and the other players to establish eligibility.
When Centenary refused to pull the scholarships, the NCAA issued one of the most draconian sanctions in its history. The school's basketball program was put on probation for six years, during which time it was not only barred from postseason play, but its results and statistics were excluded from weekly statistics and its existence was not acknowledged in the NCAA's annual press guides. Within days of its decision, the NCAA repealed the 1.6 rule—but refused to make the five players eligible. A few months all five, including Parish, sued the NCAA for their eligibility at Centenary, but lost; the decision made Parish a sort of "invisible man" who racked up huge statistical totals in virtual obscurity. In his four years at Centenary, the Gents went 87-21 and spent 14 weeks in the AP Top 20 poll during his senior season in 1975–76. While he averaged 21.6 points and 16.9 rebounds per game during his Centenary career and Centenary recognized his records, the NCAA would not include Parish's statistics in its record books.
Between his junior and senior years, Parish played for Team USA at the 1975 Pan American Games. His difficulties with the NCAA indirectly led to his not being recommended for a spot on the team. Centenary paid his way to Salt Lake City to try out. Throughout his time at Centenary, Parish chose not to escape anonymity by either jumping to the National Basketball Association or American Basketball Association, or by transferring to another college though the professional ranks offered him potential riches and a transfer would have given him eligibility and far more publicity. At the time, professional scouts did not question his physical skills, but were divided as to whether his decision to stay at Centenary was a show of loyalty or evidence of poor decision-making. For his part, Parish said, "I didn't transfer, and I have no regrets. None."Overall, Parish averaged 21.6 points and 16.9 rebounds in his 108 game career at Centenary and 24.8 points and 18 rebounds as a senior. The Sporting News named him a first-team All-American as a senior.
In 2018, the NCAA announced that Parish's records would be recognized and placed into the NCAA Record Book after a f
Paul Theron Silas is an American retired professional basketball player and former NBA head coach. He is the father of current NBA assistant coach Stephen Silas. Born in Prescott, Silas attended Creighton University, where he set an NCAA record for the most rebounds in three seasons and averaged 20.6 rebounds per game in 1963. In the NBA, Silas collected more than 10,000 points and 10,000 rebounds during his sixteen-year career, played in two All-Star games, won three championship rings, he was named to the All-NBA Defensive First Team twice, to the All-NBA Defensive Second Team three times. Upon retirement, Silas started his coaching career with the San Diego Clippers from 1980-83, becoming their head coach, compiling a 78-168 record for a team that struggled with injuries to stars including Bill Walton. After taking time off, Silas was an assistant coach for the New Jersey Nets for one season from 1988-89, became an assistant coach with the New York Knicks from 1989-92 as one of the holdovers from the Stu Jackson and John Macleod eras.
Silas went back to work for the Nets as an assistant under Chuck Daly and Butch Beard from 1992-95, leaving to work with the Suns from 1995-97. At one point, Silas was one of the names considered for the head coaching job of the Boston Celtics in the Summer of 1995 before General Manager M. L. Carr decided to name himself as coach of the team. After joining the coaching staff of the Charlotte Hornets in 1997, Silas was given another chance as a coach after becoming the interim coach of the Hornets when Dave Cowens was fired after a 4-11 record. Under Silas, the Hornets turned it around and went 22-13 to finish the lockout-shortened season 26-24, missing the playoffs by one game. Silas had the interim tag lifted off of his status and became the full-time head coach of the Hornets from 1999 all the way into their first season where they moved to New Orleans. Coaching the team from 1999-2003, Silas had a 208-155 record, taking the team into the playoffs each season he was the head coach after that 1999 season, including two Eastern Conference Semifinals appearances.
Silas had a reputation of being a coach, honest but fair with his criticism of his players, which they appreciated. Silas was fired as coach on May 4, 2003, in a move that puzzled lots of Hornets players who enjoyed playing for him. Silas was head coach of the Cleveland Cavaliers from 2003 to 2005. Hired to mentor LeBron James, his tenure was rife with controversy as he feuded with veteran point guard Eric Snow and new General Manager Dan Gilbert fired him in the middle of the season with the Cavaliers at 34-30 and fifth place in the Eastern Conference; the Cavs would collapse after the firing of Silas and miss the playoffs that season due to a tiebreak with the New Jersey Nets. Silas worked for ESPN, although in April 2007, he interviewed for the vacant head coaching position with the Charlotte Bobcats, filled by Sam Vincent. Upon the firing of Vincent in April 2008, he stated that coaching the Bobcats would be a "dream job."On December 22, 2010, Silas was named interim head coach of the Bobcats, replacing the outgoing coach Larry Brown.
On February 16, 2011, the Bobcats removed his interim status. On April 30, 2012, the Bobcats announced that Silas would not return to the Bobcats for the 2012–2013 season after producing the worst record in NBA history; because of the record transfer that occurred in 2014, Silas' tenure with the Bobcats is now recognized as his second tenure with the Charlotte Hornets, meaning that he had coached them for about six seasons with a record of 204–220. List of National Basketball Association players with 1000 games played List of National Basketball Association career rebounding leaders List of National Basketball Association career playoff rebounding leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 30 or more rebounds in a game List of NCAA Division I men's basketball season rebounding leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career rebounding leaders BasketballReference.com: Paul Silas BasketballReference.com: Paul Silas
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
Marshall Thundering Herd men's basketball
The Marshall Thundering Herd men's basketball team represents Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia. They compete in the NCAA Division I as a member of Conference USA. Marshall has advanced to the NCAA Tournament five times through the years, most in 2018; the Thundering Herd has played in the NIT five times, last appearing in 2012. Marshall won the NAIA National Championship in 1947, is 7-2 all-time in the first collegiate basketball tournament, one year older than the NIT and four years older than the NCAA Tournament. Notable former Marshall basketball players include NBA and Marshall Hall of Famer Hal Greer, named as one of the NBA's 50 best players of all time. Greer was selected to 10 consecutive NBA All-Star games. Greer was named NBA All-Star Game MVP in 1968, one year after leading the Philadelphia 76ers to the NBA title. Additionally, Marshall's Andy Tonkovich was the first overall selection in the BAA draft in 1948. Mike D'Antoni, current head coach of the Houston Rockets and NBA Coach of the Year winner, played college basketball at Marshall from 1970-73.
The legendary coach of the Thundering Herd was Cam Henderson. Henderson, acknowledged as the creator of the modern zone defense, won 358 games against just 158 losses between 1935–1955. Henderson led Marshall to three consecutive Buckeye Conference titles from 1936–39, but his greatest team was the 1946–47 team, they set a Marshall school record with 32 wins in a season. Marshall played in the NAIB Tournament in 1938 and 1948, losing in the quarterfinals, his 1947–48 team won the Helms Foundation Los Angeles Invitational with a 46–44 win over Syracuse, the same year Henderson coached the Marshall football team to the second-ever Tangerine Bowl. Andy Tonkovich, who played on that team, was the first draft pick of the 1948 BAA draft by Providence. Center Charlie Slack set a still NCAA record of 25.6 rebounds per game for Henderson's final team in 1954–55. Tonkovich, Gene "Goose" James and Bill Hall were First Team NAIB All-Americans in 1947, joined by Bill Toothman on the second team and Mervin Gutshall on honorable mention, meaning all five starters were on the All-American team.
Tonkovich repeated on the second team in 1948. Walt Walowac was a first team Helms Foundation Small College All-American for Henderson in 1953, was third team on the Helms squad in 1954. Henderson recorded wins over such marquee programs as Syracuse, Memphis, Virginia Tech, Xavier, Louisville, Indiana State, BYU, Hawaii, Tennessee, Western Kentucky, Maryland, Miami-Florida, Denver, St. Francis, Wichita State, Cal, CCNY, Long Island Univ. South Carolina and St. Louis, his 1954–55 team was second in the Mid-American Conference, but was denied a berth in the NIT by the league in the wake of the cheating scandals in New York and other college spots in the early 1950s. Henderson's first basketball All-American, Jule Rivlin, coached the 1955–56 Herd to its only MAC title and first-ever NCAA Tournament. Rivlin's 1958 Herd led the nation in scoring, with Hal Greer and Leo Byrd, scoring 88.1 points per game and topping the Jerry West-led Mountaineers of West Virginia University who averaged 88.0 points per game.
Byrd was an All-American in 1959, first team on the Chuck Taylor/Converse team and second team on UPI and Helms Foundation. Henderson and Tonkovich are both members of the Helms Foundation NAIA Hall of Fame. Marshall was coached to the NIT in 1967 by Ellis T. Johnson, advancing to the semifinals thanks in part to George Stone scoring 46 points versus Nebraska in their quarterfinal game. Stone went on to play professionally for four years in the American Basketball Association. Johnson brought the Herd back to the NIT in 1968 behind point guard Dan D'Antoni, but they lost in the first round. Carl Tacy coached the Herd to a 23–4 season in 1971–72, losing to Southwest Louisiana, 112–101 in the NCAA Tournament. Marshall was ranked as high as No. 8 in the nation that season, finished 12th in the nation. Russell Lee was a Converse All-American in 1972, was selected in the first round of the ABA Draft and second round by the Milwaukee Bucks of the NBA, playing for that team for two years and three seasons overall in the NBA.
Bob Daniels was the Herd coach beginning in the 1972–73 season leading the team to an appearance in the NIT. Mike D'Antoni was the point guard for the NCAA Tournament team in 1972 and the NIT team in 1973, was a CoSIDA Academic All-American both seasons and was awarded an NCAA post-graduate scholarship, he was drafted by the Kansas City-Omaha Kings and played four seasons in the NBA before moving on to greater glory in the Italian League, winning titles as a player and coach. Kobe Bryant wore No. 8 his first few seasons in the NBA because, the number D'Antoni wore when he played with Kobe's father in Italy. Marshall advanced to the school's first conference title game in 1978, falling to Furman in the title game under charismatic coach Stu Aberdeen. Bob Zuffelato took the Herd to the Southern Conference finals in 1979–80, falling again to Furman, after Aberdeen died during the summer of 1979 while on vacation; the 1980–81 team saw Marshall post its first-ever win over West Virginia at the WVU Coliseum in Morgantown, West Virginia.
Marshall won the first game played against WVU in Huntington in 1982–83. Marshall would go on to