National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
Spencer Haywood is an American former professional basketball player and Olympic Gold Medalist. Haywood is a member of the Hall of Fame, being inducted in 2015. In 1964, Haywood moved to Michigan. In 1967, while attending Pershing High School, Haywood led the school's basketball team to the state championship. Haywood attended Trinidad State Junior College in Trinidad, during the 1967–68 college season, where he averaged 28.2 points and 22.1 rebounds per game. Due to his exceptional performance and talent, Haywood made the USA Olympic Basketball team in 1968. Haywood was the leading scorer on the USA's gold medal winning basketball team during the 1968 Olympics at 16.1 points per game, he set a USA field goal percentage record of.719. Haywood transferred to the University of Detroit in the fall of that year, led the NCAA in rebounding with a 21.5 average per game while scoring 32.1 points per game during the 1968–69 season. Haywood decided to turn pro after his sophomore year, but National Basketball Association rules, which required a player to wait until his class graduated, prohibited him from entering the league.
As a result, he joined the Denver Rockets of the American Basketball Association. In his 1969-70 rookie season, Haywood led the ABA in scoring at 30.0 points per game and rebounding at 19.5 rebounds per game while leading the Rockets to the ABA's Western Division Title. In the playoffs, Denver defeated the Washington Capitols in 7 games in the Western Division Semifinals before falling to the Los Angeles Stars in the division finals, 4 games to 1, he was named both the ABA Rookie of the Year and ABA MVP during the season, became the youngest recipient of the MVP at the age of 21. His 986 field goals made, 1,637 rebounds, 19.5 rebound per game average are the all-time ABA records for a season. Haywood won the ABA's 1970 All-Star Game MVP that year after recording 23 points, 19 rebounds, 7 blocked shots for the West team. In 1970, despite the NBA's eligibility rules, Haywood joined the Seattle SuperSonics, with SuperSonics owner Sam Schulman launched an anti-trust suit against the league; the case went all the way to the U.
S. Supreme Court before the NBA agreed to a settlement. Haywood was named to the All-NBA First Team in 1972 and 1973 and the All-NBA Second Team in 1974 and 1975. Haywood's 29.2 points per game in the 1972–73 season and 13.4 rebounds per game in 1973–74 are still the single-season record averages for the SuperSonics for these categories. Haywood played in four NBA All-Star Games while with Seattle, including a strong 23 point 11 rebound performance in 1974. In the 1974–75 season, he helped lead the SuperSonics to their first playoff berth. Overall, during his five seasons with Seattle, Haywood averaged 24.9 points per game and 12.1 rebounds per game. In 1975, the SuperSonics traded him to the New York Knicks where he teamed with Bob McAdoo. Haywood played for the New Orleans Jazz, Los Angeles Lakers, Washington Bullets. During the late 1970s, Haywood became addicted to cocaine, he was dismissed from the Lakers by then-coach Paul Westhead during the 1980 NBA Finals for falling asleep during practice due to his addiction.
The next season Haywood played in Italy for Reyer Venezia Mestre along with Dražen Dalipagić before returning to the NBA to play two seasons with the Washington Bullets. Haywood's no. 24 jersey was retired by the SuperSonics during a halftime ceremony on February 26, 2007. Haywood was married to fashion model Iman from 1977 until 1987; the union produced a daughter, Zulekha Haywood, born in 1978. He remarried in 1990, he and his wife, have three daughters. Haywood resides in Las Vegas. Haywood was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in September 2015. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball season rebounding leaders Career statistics Spoken Word: Spencer Haywood Interview with Michael Tillery of Blacksportsnetwork.com
Ángel Luis Delgado Astacio is a Dominican professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association, on a two-way contract with the Agua Caliente Clippers of the NBA G League. He competed in college basketball for Seton Hall University. Delgado has played on the Dominican national team. Delgado committed to play college basketball with the Pirates of Seton Hall University on August 16, 2013, after receiving offers from Florida State, Virginia, among others. Delgado was elected Rookie of the Year of the Big East Conference in the 2014-15 season, after averaging 9.3 points and a conference-high 9.9 rebounds per game. In his junior year at Seton Hall, Delgado lead the NCAA in rebounds with 13.1 rebounds per game that season to go along with 15.2 points per game. He was one assist shy of a triple double in the Big East Tournament matchup versus Marquette, he was named to the First Team All-Big East and led Seton Hall to a 21-12 overall mark and 10-8 record in the Big East.
Delgado entered the 2017 NBA draft without an agent, although decided to return to Seton Hall for his senior year of college after not being invited to the NBA Combine. Delgado broke Derrick Coleman's record for most rebounds in the Big East with a 19-rebound performance against DePaul on January 27, 2018. In his final game in college, an 83-79 loss to Kansas in the Round of 32 of the NCAA Tournament, he had 24 points and 23 rebounds; as a senior, Delgado averaged 11.8 rebounds and 2.8 assists per game. He won the Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Award for top Haggerty Award for top New York-area player. In his career at Seton Hall he pulled down 1,432 rebounds, he participated in the 2018 Portsmouth Invitational Tournament. After being undrafted in the 2018 NBA draft, Delgado signed a two-way contract with the Los Angeles Clippers on July 6, 2018. For the 2018–19 season, he will split his playing time between the Clippers and their NBA G League affiliate, the Agua Caliente Clippers. On January 5, 2019, Delgado grabbed a NBA G League-record 31 rebounds for the Clippers in a 112–94 win over the Oklahoma City Blue.
He broke a record set by Jack Cooley back in 2015 under the NBA D-League. Delgado made his NBA debut on February 7, recording 3 points, 4 rebounds, 1 steal in 14 minutes of action in a blowout 116–92 loss to the Indiana Pacers. Delgado represented the Dominican Republic at the 2016 Centrobasket, he averaged 12.5 points per game, 10th best in the tournament, 7.5 rebounds per game, sixth best. Delgado played in the 2017 FIBA AmeriCup, appearing in three games and, averaging 8.7 points and 8.3 rebounds in 23.5 minutes per game. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career rebounding leaders Career statistics and player information from NBA.com, or Basketball-Reference.com Seton Hall Pirates bio
Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball
The Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball program, nicknamed the Dunkin' Dawgs, represents intercollegiate men's basketball at Louisiana Tech University. The program competes in Conference USA in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and plays home games at the Thomas Assembly Center in Ruston, Louisiana. Eric Konkol is in his fourth season as the Bulldogs' head coach. 1925–1939: Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association 1939–1948: Louisiana Intercollegiate Conference 1948–1971: Gulf States Conference 1971–1987: Southland Conference 1987–1991: American South Conference 1991–2001: Sun Belt Conference 2001–2013: Western Athletic Conference 2013–present: Conference USA The Bulldogs have appeared in the NCAA Division I Tournament five times. Their combined record is 4–5; the Bulldogs have appeared in the NCAA Division II Tournament two times. Their combined record is 2–2. Louisiana Tech has appeared in nine National Invitation Tournaments, their combined record is 12–9. The Bulldogs have appeared in one Vegas 16.
Their record is 0–1. Louisiana Tech has appeared in one CollegeInsider.com Tournament. Their combined record is 1–1; the Bulldogs have appeared in the NAIA Tournament four times. Their combined record is 1–4. In 1952, Memorial Gymnasium was constructed on the Louisiana Tech University campus in Ruston to serve as the home of the Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball team. Today Memorial Gym serves as a practice facility for the basketball team; the Thomas Assembly Center is an 8,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Louisiana. The arena, named for its benefactor and businessman Samuel M. Thomas, is home to the Division I NCAA Louisiana Tech University Bulldogs men's basketball team; the Dunkin' Dawgs nickname emerged during the 1982–83 season led by Karl Malone and Willie Simmons making highlight reel dunks. The tradition has continued through time as the current Dunkin' Dawgs led by Raheem Appleby, Michale Kyser, Alex Hamilton have made several dunks featured nationally on ESPN's SportsCenter Top Plays and Fox Sports Live's The 1.
Leon Barmore, 2003 Karl Malone, 2010 Leon Barmore, #12 Karl Malone, #32 Jackie Moreland, #44 Jackie Moreland – 1958, 1959, 1960 Ray Germany – 1959, 1960 Mike Green – 1971, 1972, 1973 Mike McConathy – 1976 Karl Malone – 1983, 1984, 1985 Randy White – 1989 Jackie Moreland – 1960 Mike Green – 1973 Mike McConathy – 1976 Karl Malone – 1983 Randy White – 1988, 1989 Ron Ellis – 1992 Gerrod Henderson – 2000 Speedy Smith – 2015 Alex Hamilton – 2016 P. J. Brown – New Jersey Nets, Miami Heat, Charlotte/New Orleans Hornets, Chicago Bulls, Boston Celtics Ron Ellis – Phoenix Suns Mike Green – Denver Rockets, Virginia Squires, Seattle SuperSonics, San Antonio Spurs, Kansas City Kings Karl Malone – Utah Jazz, Los Angeles Lakers Erik McCree - Utah Jazz Paul Millsap – Utah Jazz, Atlanta Hawks, Denver Nuggets Jackie Moreland – Detroit Pistons, New Orleans Buccaneers C. T. Parker – Washington Capitols Richard Peek – Dallas Chaparrals Magnum Rolle – Indiana Pacers, Atlanta Hawks Kendrick Spruel – Toronto Raptors Randy White – Dallas Mavericks Cecil Crowley – 1953, 1955, 1964 Scotty Robertson – 1967, 1971 Emmett Hendricks – 1975, 1976 J.
D. Barnett – 1979 Andy Russo – 1983, 1985 Tommy Joe Eagles – 1987, 1988 Keith Richard – 1999 Michael White – 2013, 2015 Kyle Keller – Stephen F. Austin Mike McConathy – Northwestern State List of NCAA Division I men's basketball programs Official website
An insular area of the United States is a U. S. territory, neither a part of one of the 50 states nor of a Federal district. Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution grants to United States Congress the responsibility of overseeing these territories, of which there are 14—three in the Caribbean Sea and 11 in the Pacific Ocean; these territories are classified by whether they are incorporated and whether they have an organized territorial government established by the U. S. Congress through an Organic Act. All territories but one are unincorporated, all but four are considered to be unorganized. Five U. S. territories have a nonmilitary population. Each of them has a civilian government, a constitution, enjoys some degree of local political autonomy. Congress has extended citizenship rights by birth to all inhabited territories except American Samoa, these citizens may vote and run for office in any U. S. jurisdiction in which they are residents. The people of American Samoa are U.
S. nationals by place of birth, or they are U. S. citizens by naturalization after residing in a State for three months. Nationals are free to move around and seek employment within the United States without immigration restrictions, but cannot vote or hold office outside American Samoa. Residents of the five major populated insular areas do not pay U. S. federal income taxes but are required to pay other U. S. federal taxes such as import and export taxes, federal commodity taxes, social security taxes, etc. Individuals working for the federal government pay federal income taxes while all residents are required to pay federal payroll taxes. According to IRS Publication 570, income from other U. S. Pacific Ocean insular areas is taxable as income of United States residents; the U. S. State Department uses the term insular area to refer not only to territories under the sovereignty of the United States, but those independent nations that have signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
While these nations participate in many otherwise domestic programs, full responsibility for their military defense rests with the United States, they are distinct from the United States and their inhabitants are neither U. S. citizens nor nationals. The following islands, or island groups, are considered insular areas: None One Palmyra Atoll U. S. Territory of Palmyra Island Four Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico United States Virgin Islands One American Samoa Ten Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Wake Island Serranilla Bank Bajo Nuevo Bank Three Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau Panama Canal Zone Philippines Dependent territory Guano Islands Act Guantanamo Bay Insular Cases Political divisions of the United States Territorial acquisitions of the United States Territories of the United States on stamps Office of Insular Affairs Department of the Interior Definitions of Insular Area Political Types Rubin, Richard, "The Lost Islands", The Atlantic Monthly, February 2001 Chapter 7: Puerto Rico and the Outlying Areas, U.
S. Census Bureau, Geographic Areas Reference Manual
In basketball, free throws or foul shots are unopposed attempts to score points by shooting from behind the free throw line, a line situated at the end of the restricted area. Free throws are awarded after a foul on the shooter by the opposing team; each successful free throw is worth one point. Free throws can be shot at a high percentage by good players. In the NBA, most players make 70–80% of their attempts; the league's best shooters can make 90% of their attempts over a season, while notoriously poor shooters may struggle to make 50% of them. During a foul shot, a player's feet must both be behind the foul line. If a player lines up with part of his or her foot on or forward of the line, a violation is called and the shot does not count. Foul shots are worth one point. There are many situations; the first and most common is. If the player misses the shot during the foul, the player receives either two or three free throws depending on whether the shot was taken in front of or behind the three-point line.
If, despite the foul, the player still makes the attempted shot, the number of free throws is reduced to one, the basket counts. This is known depending on the value of the made basket; the second is. This happens when, in a single period, a team commits a set number of fouls whether or not in the act of shooting. In FIBA, NBA and NCAA women's play, the limit is four fouls per quarter. In the WNBA, the fouled player shoots two free throws starting with the opponent's fifth foul, or second team foul in the final minute if that team has committed under 5 fouls in a period. In FIBA and NCAA women's basketball, the fouled player shoots two free throws starting with the opponent's fifth foul in a period, considering that team fouls accrue from the fourth period on, as all overtimes are extensions of it for purposes of accrued team fouls. In NCAA men's basketball, beginning with the seventh foul of the half, one free throw is awarded; this is called shooting a "one-and-one". Starting with the tenth foul of the half, two free throws are awarded.
In addition, overtime is considered an extension of the second half for purposes of accumulated team fouls. Free throws are not awarded for offensive fouls if the team fouled is in the bonus; the number of fouls that triggers a penalty is higher in college men's basketball because the game is divided into two 20-minute halves, as opposed to quarters of 12 minutes in the NBA or 10 minutes in the WNBA, college women's basketball, or FIBA play. As in professional play, a foul in the act of shooting is a two- or three-shot foul, depending on the value of the shot attempt, with one free throw being awarded if the shot is good. If a player is injured upon being fouled and cannot shoot free throws, the offensive team may designate any player from the bench to shoot in the place of the injured player in college. If a player fouled takes exception to the foul, starts or participates in a fight, gets ejected, he or she is not allowed to take his or her free throws, the opposing team will choose a replacement shooter.
In all other circumstances, the fouled player must shoot her own foul shots. If a player, coach, or team staff shows poor sportsmanship, which may include arguing with a referee, or commits a technical violation that person may get charged with a more serious foul called a technical foul. In the NBA, a technical foul results in one free throw attempt for the other team. In FIBA play, technical fouls result in two free throws in all situations. Under NCAA rules, technical fouls are divided into "Class A" and "Class B". Class A technicals result in two free throws, Class B technicals result in one. At all levels, the opposing team may choose any player, on the court to shoot the free throws, is awarded possession of the ball after the free throws. Since there is no opportunity for a rebound, these free throws are shot with no players on the lane. If a referee deems a foul aggressive, or that it did not show an attempt to play the ball, the referee can call an more severe foul, known as an "unsportsmanlike foul" in international play or a "flagrant foul" in the NBA and NCAA basketball.
This foul is charged against the player, the opponent gets two free throws and possession of t
United States Virgin Islands
The United States Virgin Islands the Virgin Islands of the United States, is a group of islands in the Caribbean and an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. The islands are geographically part of the Virgin Islands archipelago and are located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles; the U. S. Virgin Islands consists of the main islands of Saint Croix, Saint John, Saint Thomas, many other surrounding minor islands; the total land area of the territory is 133.73 square miles. The territory's capital is Charlotte Amalie on the island of St. Thomas. Known as the Danish West Indies of the Kingdom of Denmark–Norway, they were sold to the United States by Denmark in the Treaty of the Danish West Indies of 1916, they are classified by the United Nations as a Non-Self-Governing Territory, are an organized, unincorporated United States territory. The U. S. Virgin Islands are organized under the 1954 Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands and have since held five constitutional conventions.
The last and only proposed Constitution, adopted by the Fifth Constitutional Convention of the U. S. Virgin Islands in 2009, was rejected by the U. S. Congress in 2010, which urged the convention to reconvene to address the concerns Congress and the Obama Administration had with the proposed document; the Fifth Constitutional Convention of the U. S. Virgin Islands met in October 2012 to address these concerns, but was not able to produce a revised Constitution before its October 31 deadline. In 2010 the population was 106,405, Afro-Caribbean. Tourism and related categories are the primary economic activity, employing a high percentage of the civilian non-farm labor force that totaled 42,752 persons in 2016. Private sector jobs made up 71 percent of the total workforce; the average private sector salary was $34,088 and the average public sector salary was $52,572. In a May 2016 report, some 11,000 people were categorized as being involved in some aspect of agriculture in the first half of 2016 but this category makes up a small part of the total economy.
At that time, there were 607 manufacturing jobs and 1,487 natural resource and construction jobs. The single largest employer was the government. In mid-February 2017, the USVI was facing a financial crisis due to a high debt level of $2 billion and a structural budget deficit of $110 million. Early August 2017, the U. S. Virgin Islands government was rejected from the bond market; the U. S. Virgin Islands were inhabited by the Ciboney and Arawaks; the islands were discovered by the Spanish and named by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage in 1493 for Saint Ursula and her virgin followers. Over the next two centuries, the islands were held by several European powers, including Spain, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Denmark–Norway; the Danish West India Company settled on St. Thomas in 1672, settled on St. John in 1694, purchased St. Croix from France in 1733; the islands became royal Danish colonies in 1754, named the Danish West Indian Islands. Sugarcane, produced by slave labor, drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Other plantation crops included indigo dye. The Danish West India and Guinea Company are credited with naming the island St. John; the Danish crown took full control of St. John in 1754 along with St. Croix. Sugarcane plantations such as the famous Annaberg Sugar Plantation were established in great numbers on St. John because of the intense heat and fertile terrain that provided ideal growing conditions; the establishment of sugarcane plantations led to the buying of more slaves from Africa. In 1733, St. John was the site of one of the first significant slave rebellions in the New World when Akwamu slaves from the Gold Coast took over the island for six months; the Danish were able to defeat the enslaved Africans with help from the French in Martinique. Instead of allowing themselves to be recaptured, more than a dozen of the ringleaders shot themselves before the French forces could capture them and call them to account for their activities during the period of rebel control, it is estimated that by 1775, slaves outnumbered the Danish settlers by a ratio of 5:1.
After a slavery rebellion in Saint Croix, slavery was abolished by governor Peter von Scholten on July 3, 1848, now celebrated as Emancipation Day. Although some plantation owners refused to accept the abolition, some 5,000 Black people were freed while another 17,000 remained enslaved. Over the following years, strict labor laws were implemented several times, leading to the 1878 St. Croix labor riot. Planters began to abandon their estates, causing a significant drop in population and the overall economy. Additionally, the 1867 hurricane and earthquake and tsunami had further diminished the economy. For the remainder of the period of Danish rule the islands were not economically viable and significant transfers were made from the Danish state budgets to the authorities in the islands. In 1867 a treaty to sell St. Thomas and St. John to the United States was agreed, but the sale was never effected. A number of reforms aimed at reviving the islands' economy were attempted, but none had great success.
A second draft treaty to sell the islands to the United States was negotiated in 1902 but was defeated in the upper house of the Danish parliament in a tie vote. The onset of World War I brought the reforms to a close and again left the islands isolated and exposed