List of National Historic Landmarks in New York

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks and comparable other historic sites designated by the U. S. government in the U. S. state of New York. The United States National Historic Landmark program operates under the auspices of the National Park Service, recognizes buildings, objects and districts of resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. There are 262 NHLs in New York state, more than 10 percent of all the NHLs nationwide, the most of any state; the National Park Service has listed 20 National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Memorials, other sites as being historic landmarks of national importance, of which 7 are designated NHLs. All of these historic landmarks are covered in this list. There are 139 NHLs in upstate New York, 13 on Long Island, 114 within New York City. Three counties have ten or more NHLs: New York County has 86. Twelve other counties have five to nine NHLs, eight have three or four, 27 counties have one or two, the remaining twelve of the state's 62 counties have none.

The first New York NHLs were eight designated on October 9, 1960. The NHLs and other landmarks outside NYC are listed below. Seven NHL sites are among the 20 National Park System historic areas in New York state; the other 13 National Park Service areas are historic landmark sites of national importance, but are protected by Federal ownership and administration, so NHL designation is unnecessary. A list of these National Park Service areas that conserve historic sites in New York State is provided. Three former NHLs in the state are listed. New York State NHLs include ten prehistoric or other archeological sites, 12 historical Dutch farmhouses and historic districts, 21 architecturally and/or important churches or houses of worship. 26 NHLs are military, including 13 fort sites, five other battlegrounds, seven military headquarters, training facilities and armories, one military shipwreck site. One of these NHLs is associated with the American Civil War, while all the rest of these forts and other military places are associated with the French and Indian War and/or the American Revolutionary War.

There are nine NHL ships, including a warship and a tugboat that served in World War II, one warship that saw combat in the Vietnam War, three sailing boats, two fireboats and a lightvessel. Salient in the list are 24 mansions, four sites significant for their architectural landscaping. Many properties, numbering in the thousands, are contributing or non-contributing structures in the state's nine National Historic Landmark Districts. Intellectual accomplishments of New Yorkers are associated with 22 sites, including nine university buildings, ten other NHLs associated with inventions, inventors or scientists, four engineering landmarks, including two bridges that were once the longest of their types. Commercial accomplishments include 11 historic skyscrapers, five of which were once the tallest in the world, seven stock exchanges and other buildings important in commercial history, two bank buildings, five industrial facilities, three water-based civil engineering works. Two are architectural oddities.

Political and social accomplishments are represented by four former mental care institutions, 14 sites associated with suffragettes or other women leaders, five Underground Railroad or other sites associated with abolitionists, six sites associated with African-American leaders, three sites associated with labor rights, four sites associated with other social activism. In addition, there are 21 homes of other national leaders, six government buildings that are significant on a national scale. Community and entertainment accomplishments represented include two utopian communes, the Adirondack Park and four of its Great Camps, five other retreat sites. No fewer than nine artist homes or studios are landmarked, as well as nine homes of writers and composers. There are four club buildings, of which two are historical societies, eight entertainment venues or sites associated with entertainers. Sixteen others are unique sites. Notable architects whose work is represented in the NHLs of the state include: Alexander Jackson Davis, Andrew Jackson Downing, William West Durant, Leopold Eidlitz, Cass Gilbert, Henry J. Hardenbergh, Raymond Hood, Philip Hooker, Minard Lafever, John McComb Jr. Frederick Law Olmsted, Isaac G. Perry, George B.

Post, James Renwick, Jr. Henry Hobson Richardson, Louis Sullivan, Richard Upjohn, Calvert Vaux, Frederick Clarke Withers; the firm McKim and White participated in design of at least six buildings declared to be NHLs. It was that firm's work, Pennsylvania Station, whose pending demolition in 1963 launched a historic preservation movement in New York City and led to creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1965; the state of New York, exclusive of NYC, is home to 155 of these landmarks, which are tabulated here. Twenty-three of these are State Historic Sites, fourteen are National Park System areas. Key New York City alone is home to 114 NHLs; the earliest was one designated on October 9, 1960. Many of the NHLs in NYC are landmarked individually or as part of di

William Sieghart

William Matthew Timothy Stephen Sieghart is a British entrepreneur and philanthropist and the founder of the Forward Prizes for Poetry. He is the current chairman of the Somerset House Trust. Born in 1960, son of barrister Paul Sieghart, a human rights lawyer, campaigner and author, Felicity Ann Sieghart, chairman of the National Association for Gifted Children and managing director of the Aldeburgh Cinema, William is the older brother of Mary Ann Sieghart, he was educated at Oxford. In 1986, he founded Forward Publishing with a business partner Neil Mendoza, an independent contract publisher, publishing magazines, children's books and poetry books, he is the author of a book on The Swing Factory. Sieghart presented a weekly TV programme for Bloomberg for three years, his interests include foreign cricket. In addition to his work in poetry and the Middle East, Sieghart founded Big Arts Week and Street Smart, the initiative whereby diners give a percentage of their restaurant bill to the homeless.

He was a member of Arts Council England 2000–06, was chairman of its Lottery Panel. In September 2015, Sieghart was appointed Chairman of Somerset House Trust. In 1992, Sieghart established The Forward Prizes for Poetry to help raise the profile of contemporary poetry by new and established poets. In 1994, he founded National Poetry Day, a day of celebration of verse on the first Thursday of October which has become an established fixture in the cultural calendar. Events take place in schools, arts centres, libraries, buses and Women's Institutes, the day is the focus for media attention for poetry; the Forward Arts Foundation The Forward Arts Foundation was set up in 1995 to administer the Forward Prizes and National Poetry Day. His initiative Winning Words was a public art project during the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, it aimed to enable everyone to experience poetry in exciting ways and to create a legacy of inspiring words for the nation to enjoy. Winning Words comprised both permanent and temporary poems throughout the Park, made up of site-specific poems commissioned from local poets, as well as poems suggested by the public and chosen by a panel.

Sieghart chaired and authored ‘An Independent Review of E-Lending in Public Libraries in England’ published by Department Culture and Sport, 2013 and was subsequently jointly commissioned by Ed Vaizey, Minister for Culture, DCMS and Brandon Lewis, Minister for Communities & Local Government, DCLG to consider and report on Public Library services in England. The ‘Independent Library report for England’ was published by DCMS in Dec 2014. In September 2015, Sieghart was appointed Chairman of Somerset House Trust, he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2016 New Year Honours for services to public libraries. William is a regular broadcaster, his most recent books are The Poetry Pharmacy, published Sept 2017 by Penguin and 100 Prized Poems – 25 Years of the Forward Books, published by Forward in association with Faber & Faber 2016. In Sept 2019 Vol II, The Poetry Pharmacy Returns was published in the UK and Vol III The Poetry Remedy published in the USA by Penguin Random House in Oct 2019.

Sieghart takes an interest in the Middle East. He is Founder and Chairman of Forward Thinking, founded post 9/11 to help promote durable peace agreements and to engage the most extreme parties in face-to-face dialogue. Forward Thinking works both in the Middle East. William Sieghart Reprieve Arabic Fiction. "Me and my partner: William Sieghart and Neil Mendoza" The Independent, June 1999. Evening Standards The Progress 1000 – London's most influential people, Sept 2016

Torbjörn Evrell

Rune Torbjörn Evrell was a Swedish inventor and businessman who made major innovations in folding knife construction, knife designs and knife production methods at EKA-knivar AB Eskilstuna, Sweden. Born 1920 in Stockholm, Lidingö. Between the age of 11 and 12 he lived in Muncie Indiana, USA, his father, Kaleb Evrell, developed a patent for an automatic transmission for passenger cars for Warner Gears. After the US experience the family moved to Eskilstuna. Torbjörn Evrell received his degree mechanical engineering in 1945 from the Royal Institute of Technology, his first job was at CTV in Motala. In 1946 Torbjörn Evrell took management of Eskilstuna Knivfabriks AB knife making company when the owner John Elmquist unexpectedly died. Evrell, specialist in submersible motors and pumps, now became President of EKA at the age of 26, he took over a company, which in many respects was using production methods of the late 1800s, with a rather outdated machinery with many processes with belt drive from hydropower.

Evrell started modernisation. Production technology was improved and the old knife range cut down and new modern knives had to be developed. Evrell first task was to clean up the knife range, he noted that many models were marginal to sales or outdated. He considered that he could reduce the number of models from 91 to 37. Moreover, he introduced standard components. Evrell introduced a new systematic production planning, improved methods and machinery were upgraded. Everything to make better knives cheaper. Evrell concentrated construction and production to knives, he was throughout his career continuously involved in all areas of the company including knife innovation and marketing. There are a number of influential knife patents in his name. Out of the one time many dozens of knife making companies of Eskilstuna, his was the only one to survive by constant innovation and adaptions to new conditions. Evrell was the president of EKA until 1985. Torbjörn Evrell continued as an advisor to EKA in product development, for ten more years.

Prior to 1970, all knives were riveted. Riveting was done by hand, all work with assembly and adjustment, requires craftsmanship, labor-intensive, it took at least three to four years for a workman to reach the skill and speed required in production. Evrell realized the problems and wanted to find a faster and less labor-intensive method, while at the same time make the world's best folding knife with one blade. An effort started in November 1967 to come up with a new construction to hold a knife together; the final version of the knife was improved by two external consultants to the company: Olle Nordlund and the industrial designer Sigvard Bernadotte U. S. Patent D227,071; the results were presented in March 1970 when Evrell could launch the first bolted folding knife in the Swede series. The first two models were named Swede 38 and Swede 45; the special features of the Swede knives is. The knife scales can be removed, with a screwdriver or coin, for cleaning and lubrication of the blade and inside.

The screws are used to adjust the blade folding mechanism. This new way to manufacture folding knives was revolutionary and came to mean a big international breakthrough for EKA; the Swede series started with the EKA Swede 38 knife with plastic scales and brass screws with a blade in either carbon steel or stainless steel. The Swede 45 had wooden scales; these first models have been followed by several models with incremental developments. Another of Evrells inventions is a small folding knife where the whole knife including the folding mechanism is welded together. With increasing demand EKA-knivar continually made improvements to production methods; the production capacity was increased significantly. In 1971 the company with factory and office in central Eskilstuna was moved to newly built premises at Sättargatan 4 in Vilsta industrial area. Torbjörn Evrell was aware of the value of marketing a knife. In 1967 he established a dedicated marketing department within his company, of great importance to the company's continued expansion.

He took advantage of the marketing value in a knife. All knife models have been available for branding and adaptation as promotional gifts to mark a sign of quality. US Patent Bernadotte/Evrell for EKA Swede 38 slipjoint knife US Patent for EKA Swede 60 lockback knife US Patent for EKA Swede 88 folding knife with handle in one piece of wood Swedish Patent for a Welded Folding Knife in One Piece, EKA 100 EKA History flickr group eka-knivar EKA knives discussion in Russian EKA knives marketing under the Normark brand EKA Swede 38 video review/presentation on YouTube