Avenue H (BMT Brighton Line)
Avenue H is a local station on the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway. Located at Avenue H between East 15th and East 16th Streets on the border of Midwood and Flatbush, the Avenue H station is laid out in a typical local stop setup. There are four tracks and two side platforms, the center two tracks are the express tracks used by the B train on weekdays. The 620 feet -long platform accommodates full-length trains typically composed of eight 75 feet cars, nine 67 feet cars, the station is located at a transitional point on the right-of-way. North of the station, the roadbed ramps down to an open-cut, south of the station, the line is on a raised earthen embankment. The station platform lies over this crossing which exists between Avenues H and I, due to the change in elevation, the north end of this station is slightly above ground level and as a result, road traffic on Avenue H dead-ends on both sides of the line. However, there is a tunnel underneath the embankment that connects the sidewalk on both sides.
Although they cannot be accessed at Avenue H, the southbound and northbound express tracks are known as A3 and A4, the station was opened around 1900 as Fiske Terrace, a two-track surface station serving the new planned community of Fiske Terrace in Midwood. It was converted to use in 1907, at the same time that the station was renamed Avenue H. In 2003, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority announced plans to demolish the structure, on June 29,2004, the station house was designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. This allows renovations inside, but preserves the structure and exterior. The contract to restore the station control house as well as rehabilitation of the platforms. The official designation report describes the building, This station underwent reconstruction from September 2009 to December 2011, both platforms were rebuilt with new edges and canopies. An additional unstaffed station house on the north end of the Coney Island-bound platform was added on what was once marshland.
The new station included an ADA-accessible ramp. The landmarked station house was renovated, and several turnstiles were added to the station. Both of the entrances are at the north end of the station. The stations main entrance is the station house on the east side of the tracks
Cobble Hill, Brooklyn
Cobble Hill is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bounded by Atlantic Avenue, Court Street, Degraw Street, other sources add to the neighborhood a rectangle bounded by Wyckoff Street on the north, Hoyt Street on the east, Degraw Street on the south and Court Street on the west. Through its early history, the now called Cobble Hill was considered to be part of South Brooklyn, Red Hook, or simply the Sixth Ward. The current name, a revival of a name which had died out by the 1880s, was adopted in 1959, much of the neighborhood, which has one of the citys finest collections of nineteenth-century houses, is included in the Cobble Hill Historic District. Cobble Hill is part of Brooklyn Community Board 6, and is served by the 76th Precinct of the New York City Police Department at 191 Union Street, engine Company 206 and Ladder Company 108 of the Fire Department of New York City in nearby Carroll Gardens services the neighborhood. They seized the estate of Philip Livingston for use as a naval hospital, Cobble Hill was again fortified for the War of 1812, and was called Fort Swift.
In 1834, the Village of Brooklyn – chartered in 1816 and primarily made up of present-day Brooklyn Heights – became a city, until the establishment of the South Ferry, which connected Atlantic Avenue to Manhattans Whitehall Street in 1836, South Brooklyn was primarily rural. After that time, with the guidelines for a street pattern already established in 1834. The transformation of the neighborhood was completed by 1860, none of the farm houses from the neighborhoods rural period are extant. According to the 1840 tax list and street directory, the neighborhood of present-day Cobble Hill contained 45 houses and 112 residents. Although this housing boom caused prices to rise, in 1850 it was possible for a clerk to pay rent of $200 a year for a row house with a large backyard. This provoked an influx of new residents from Manhattan, philanthropist Alfred Tredway White built two experimental housing projects in the neighborhood. These were intended for more upscale workers. All were built in 1876 and were designed by William Field & Son, they were restored in 1986 by Maitland, Strauss & Behr.
With these projects, which served Native Americans, Swedes, Norwegians and German workmen and his philosophy was Philanthropy plus 5%. Beginning in the 1840s and progressing into the 1870s, wealthier Manhattanites, including bankers and merchants, began to move to various parts of Brooklyn, including Cobble Hill. By 1880 the population of the area was solidly upper-middle class, the 20th century saw an influx of immigrants into the neighborhood from Ireland and the Middle East, some low-rise apartment buildings were constructed prior to the 1920s. Organized community groups fought against large housing projects, and prevailed on the city to make the area an historic district and its area measures approximately twenty-two city blocks
Brooklyn Academy of Music
The Brooklyn Academy of Music is a performing arts venue in Brooklyn, New York City, known as a center for progressive and avant garde performance. It presented its first performance in 1861 and began operations in its present location in 1908, today, BAM has a reputation as a leader in presenting cutting edge performance and has grown into an urban arts center which focuses on both international arts presentation and local community needs. Its purpose is to provide an environment in which its audiences – annually, more than 775,000 people – can experience a broad array of aesthetic and cultural programs. From 1999 to 2014, BAM was headed by Karen Brooks Hopkins, katy Clark is now president, succeeding Hopkins who retired in spring 2015. Founded in 1861, the first BAM facility at 176–194 Montague Street in Brooklyn Heights was conceived as the home of the Philharmonic Society of Brooklyn. The building, designed by architect Leopold Eidlitz, housed a theater seating 2,200, a smaller concert hall and chorus rooms.
BAM presented amateur and professional music and theater productions, including such as Ellen Terry, Edwin Booth, Tomas Salvini. After the building burned to the ground on November 30,1903, the Met would continue to present seasons in Brooklyn, featuring star singers such as Caruso, right through until 1921. The new building is adjacent to downtown Brooklyn, near the Atlantic Terminal of the Long Island Rail Road, in 1967 Harvey Lichtenstein was appointed executive director and during the 32 years that Lichtenstein was BAMs leader, BAM experienced a renaissance. BAM is now recognized internationally as a cultural center well known for The Next Wave Festival. Lichtenstein gave a home to the Chelsea Theater Center, in residence from 1967–1977, BAMs Peter Jay Sharp Building houses the Howard Gilman Opera House and the BAM Rose Cinemas. It was designed by the firm Herts & Tallant in 1908 and it is a U shaped building with an open court in the center of the lot between two theater wings above the first story.
It measures 190 feet along Lafayette Avenue,200 feet deep, the building has a high base of gray granite with cream colored brick trimmed in terra cotta with some marble detail above. It is located within the Fort Greene Historic District, BAMs facilities include, In the Peter Jay Sharp Building, at 30 Lafayette Avenue, Howard Gilman Opera House, with 2,109 seats. Rose Cinemas opened in 1997, allowing Brooklynites the chance to see more art films without having to go to Manhattan, lepercq Space, originally BAMs ballroom, now a flexible event space and home to receptions, and BAMcafé. BAMcafé is open for dinner on nights there is a performance in the Opera House. BAMcafé Live is a series of live music performances on select Friday and Saturday nights. A renovation by architect Hugh Hardy left the interior unpainted and with often exposed stonework, in April 2014, CNN named the BAM Harvey as one of the 15 of the Worlds Most Spectacular Theaters
Prospect Park South
Prospect Park South is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. Prospect Park South, along with Flatbush and other neighborhoods within Flatbush, is policed by the 70th Precinct of the New York City Police Department, Alvord characterized the development as rus in urbe, the country in the city. The location was selected to take advantage of the service on the Brooklyn. The line, now known as the BMT Brighton Line, offered express, the trains emerged at Fulton Street as an elevated line and continued across the Brooklyn Bridge to Manhattan. Once he had purchased the land, Alvord laid out all the necessary utilities and he hired John Aitkin, a Scottish landscape gardener, to supervise the plantings for the lawns and malls, with meticulous attention given to details. Both Norway maples and Carolina poplars were used, the poplars for immediate shade, Alvord did all this before selling a single plot. Alvord hired architect John J. Petit and a staff to design the houses in the development, Petit ended up designing many of the houses in the development, in a wide variety of styles, including Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival and Queen Anne.
The houses in Prospect Park South were required to be substantial, freestanding homes exceeding 3,500 square feet, several other restrictions were placed upon builders wishing to develop the lots. While not the first attempt at development in the area, Alvords vision excited the interest of the wealthy of Brooklyn Heights. Ultimately, Alvords restrictions not only created a new design. In 1972, New Yorks Albanian community established a mosque at 1325 Albemarle Road, Prospect Park South was designated as a historic district by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1979. The Alvord Mansion at 1522 Albemarle Road was built by Alvord for his family, later, it was purchased by Israel Matz, founder of the Ex-lax Company. The Alvord Mansion burned down c.1955 under mysterious conditions after its sale by the Matz family to apartment developers fell through in the face of community opposition. Tompers House,125 Buckingham Road,1911, Colonial Revival, Brun & Hauser Frederick S. Kolle House,131 Buckingham Road, 1902–03, Japanese pagoda, Petit & Green William A.
1908, held by Harvard Library Ditmas Park article in New York magazine U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System, Prospect Park South Historic District
Vinegar Hill, Brooklyn
Vinegar Hill is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City on the East River Waterfront between Dumbo and the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The neighborhood is governed by Brooklyn Community Board 2 and is policed by the NYPDs 84th Precinct. Vinegar Hill gets its name from the Battle of Vinegar Hill, originally settled by Irish immigrants, this community has maintained its 19th-century look while facing modernization and development from all sides. Vinegar Hill stretches from the East River Waterfront to Front Street and from the Brooklyn Navy Yard to Bridge Street, roughly comprising a six block area. Before the construction of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway in the 1950s, Vinegar Hills area was larger, extending south to Tillary Street. The neighborhood includes the New York City Housing Authoritys Farragut Houses, most of Vinegar Hill consists of 19th century Federal Style and Greek Revival style homes mixed with industrial buildings. The streets on Hudson Avenue, Plymouth and Front are made of Belgian Blocks, the Vinegar Hill area includes the Vinegar Hill Historic District and is home to the Con Edison Hudson Avenue Substation.
On the corner of Evans and Little Streets is Quarters A, the Commandants House, the Canarsee Indians were the first inhabitants of both downtown and western Brooklyn. The Canarsee were members of the Algonquian who occupied the Atlantic seaboard from Canada to North Carolina and they were an autonomous band of the Delaware Indians. They established their villages close to the water including the higher ground near the Wallabout Bay that they called Rinnegokonck. They lived communally in several settlements in western Brooklyn, including one located on the ground near the present-day Vinegar Hill Historic District. In the seventeenth century, European explorers arrived on the land, in the beginning of the seventeenth century, the primary residents of Vinegar Hill were Canarsee Indians. Dutch settlers began arriving in 1637 along the waterfront area up, up to Fulton Street, the land was sold by the Indians to Joris Jansen Rapalje. Rapelje acquired the land for farming purposes, it was renamed to Breuckelen circa 1646, the first ferry began operating from the northern point of Fulton street few years earlier in 1642.
It connected the land of Breuckelen with Manhattan, the route spanning the East River, in 1674 the English subjects, under the rule of King Charles II, took control over the land during the events of the Third Anglo-Dutch War. Then, Kings County consisted of six regions, Bushwick, Flatlands, the Vinegar Hill district was part of Brooklyn. Commissioners of Forfeiture took hold of the land from Joris Jansen Rapalje and sold the area of Gold street to Comfort, Sands were planning to develop the land as a summer place for New Yorkers. They built a lot of blocks for a community that was called “Olympia” in 1787, in the late eighteenth century John Jackson bought 100 acres around of the waterfront area near the Wallabout Bay from Remsen estate and built there his own shipyard. He built houses for the shipyard workers, in 1801 Jackson sold the area around Wallabout Bay to the government for use as a Navy Yard
Dumbo is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The neighborhood is bounded by Brooklyn Bridge Park to the north, Dumbo is part of Brooklyn Community Board 2. The large community of tech startups earned DUMBO the nickname of the center of the Brooklyn Tech Triangle, the neighborhood currently serves as the corporate headquarters for e-commerce retailer Etsy and home furnishing stores company West Elm. The name is an acronym, from Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass, several other New York City neighborhoods are known by portmanteaus, including Tribeca, SoHo, NoHo, NoMad, and Nolita in Manhattan, and BoCoCa in Brooklyn. In the 1890s, the portion of the neighborhood was known as Fulton Landing. At that time, it was primarily a manufacturing district, with warehouses and factories that made machinery, paper boxes, the area has been known, variously, as Rapailie and Walentasville. The cardboard box was invented in the Robert Gair building on Washington Street by Robert Gair, a Scottish emigrant, because of Gairs fame, the Gair building is now home to Etsy.
The acronym Dumbo arose in 1978, when new residents coined it in the such a unattractive name would help deter developers. Near the end of the 20th century, as property became more and more expensive in Manhattan, glidden stated of Dumbos gentrification, It may be one of the last of what could be considered a true arts community in New York. The DUMBO Historic District, an industrial complex and national historic district in Dumbo, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. It consists of 95 contributing buildings, the manufacturing concerns located in this district included Arbuckle Brothers, J. W. Masury & Son, Robert Gair, E. W. Bliss, the district includes the earliest large-scale reinforced concrete factory buildings in America. On December 18,2007, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission voted unanimously to designate Dumbo as the citys 90th historic district. The Dumbo historic district consists of properties bound by John Street to the north, York Street to the south, Main Street to the west, chef Jacques Torres opened a chocolate factory in Dumbo in December 2000.
Invitations for the 2009 presidential inauguration of U. S. President Barack Obama were printed by Dumbo printer Precise Continental, the first public space in the neighborhood was Fulton Ferry, followed by Empire-Fulton Ferry State Park. The first six acres of Brooklyn Bridge Park, a joint state/city venture currently under development, were opened in March 2010, the building at 200 Water Street, which the Brillo Manufacturing Co. once occupied, is being renovated as a high-end condo building. Dumbo has New York Citys highest concentration of firms by neighborhood. Dumbo is home to 25 percent of New York City-based tech firms, within a 10-block radius are 500 tech and creative firms that employ over 10,000 people. The City of New York, in conjunction with New York University, Dumbos average office rent of $25 per square foot makes it more attractive to start-ups than Manhattan, where rents averaged $40 per square foot in 2013
Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn
Carroll Gardens is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. Taking up around 40 city blocks, it is bounded by Degraw and Warren Streets and Smith Streets, Ninth Street or the Gowanus Expressway and the Brooklyn Queens and Gowanus Expressways. Originally considered to be part of South Brooklyn or, more specifically, Red Hook, the name reflects the large front gardens of brownstones in the Carroll Gardens Historic District and elsewhere in the neighborhood. Despite having an Irish surname, in recent times it has known as an Italian American neighborhood. Carroll Gardens is part of Brooklyn Community Board 6, and receives police services from the New York City Police Departments 76th Precinct at 191 Union Street, the Fire Department of New York Citys firehouses are located at 299 Degraw Street and 187 Union Street. The development of the South Brooklyn area, including Carroll Gardens, was aided by the foundation in 1846 by philanthropists Henry Pierrepont and Jacob E. Leroy of the Hamilton Avenue Ferry.
In the late 1840s, Carroll Park, Brooklyns third-oldest, an area of playgrounds, walkways. In 1846, surveyor Richard Butt planned gardens in front of the houses in the oldest section of the neighborhood when he developed it. The homes are set back from the street than is common in Brooklyn. The same year, a law was passed requiring all buildings between Henry Street and Smith Street have 33 feet 5.25 inches between the building and the street for courtyards. The large gardens can be seen from First to Fourth Place between Henry and Smith Streets, as well as on President and Second Streets between Smith and Hoyt Streets and this provoked land speculation and a building boom throughout the area. It was during this period, from the late 1860s to the early 1880s, the rise of the Italian population provoked questions about the role of the Mafia in the neighborhood. Carroll Gardens had long considered to be part of either the larger area referred to as South Brooklyn. Violence between the two groups was common and this began the gentrification of the neighborhood, and a response from older residents, who did not appreciate these hippie newcomers who had no ties to the community.
Regardless, the neighborhood received its own name at that time. One result was that the control of the area by a political machine was ended. Today, Carroll Gardens is more class, while Red Hook. The ethnic divide between the two neighborhoods now has a character as well
Franz J. Berlenbach Jr.
Franz Joseph Berlenbach Jr. was an American architect from New York City who specialized in designing Roman Catholic churches. He acted as a consultant for architectural designs for the Archdiocese of Brooklyn, New York and he is known simply as F. J. Berlenbach. Born in Milwaukee, Berlenbach Jr. was the oldest son of his German immigrant father and builder/carpenter, Franz Joseph Berlenbach Sr. who was born in Pfalz, Germany. After living in Milwaukee, the Berlenbach family moved to Williamsburgh and they settled in a house presently known as the F. J. Berlenbach House, which was erected in 1887 by Berlenbach Jr. and Berlenbach Sr. using the Queen-Anne style of design. They lived in this home until 1899, the house, located at 174 Meserole Street, New York, was owned by Berlenbach Sr. The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated this house a landmark on May 11,2004, for a time, Berlenbach Jr. worked for the architectural designing firm of James Renwick Jr in 1880. He opened his own company in 1885, an office in 260 Graham Avenue, in partnership with father, Franz Joseph Berlenbach Sr.
both engaged primarily in the building of tenements and small residential houses in Williamsburg, New York. Berlenbach Jr. became involved in designing Roman Catholic churches, specializing in the Romanesque style although created designs influenced by Italian Renaissance on, photographs of the F. J. Berlenbach House, from nyc-architecture. com
Prospect Heights, Brooklyn
Prospect Heights is a neighborhood in the northwest of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The traditional boundaries are Flatbush Avenue to the west, Atlantic Avenue to the north, Eastern Parkway – beginning at Grand Army Plaza – to the south, in the northern section of Prospect Heights are the Vanderbilt Rail Yards, built over as part of the Pacific Park project. Compared to other Brooklyn neighborhoods, Prospect Heights is relatively small and is notable for its diversity as well as its tree-lined streets. The neighborhood is served by the New York Police Departments 77th Precinct, along the southern boundary, Eastern Parkway, from Grand Army Plaza to Washington Avenue is reminiscent of Fifth Avenues Museum Mile in Manhattan. To Prospect Heights north lies Fort Greene, to its south Prospect Park, to its west Park Slope, a number of new condominium complexes are under construction in many parts of the neighborhood. Recently, a number of these have begun to be demolished, ratners company Forest City Ratner has planned a controversial development on top of the neighborhood, the plans for which would include a basketball arena and luxury housing.
An upscale, glass high-rise residential building designed by the architect Richard Meier, as demand for housing within Prospect Heights increased, some residents of Crown Heights came to consider Franklin Avenue the western border with Prospect Heights rather than Washington Avenue. Additionally, Prospect Heights once shared the name Gowanus Heights with Prospect Park, Greenwood, a number of community groups opposed the project, claiming abuse of the principles of eminent domain, among other concerns. Supporters of the believed in its potential for reinvigorating an unattractive space. Every year the West Indian Day Parade, the largest annual parade in New York City, follows Eastern Parkway, beginning in Crown Heights and ending at Grand Army Plaza in Prospect Heights. During the last thirty years, the neighborhood has seen an influx of new residents, increasingly young and white, the area has many Italianate and Neo-Grec rowhouses, and much of the neighborhood has been designated a New York City historic district.
The Prospect Heights Historic District covers an area bounded by Flatbush Avenue, Sterling Place, Washington Avenue. Marks Avenue, though a section of the district extends as far north as Pacific Street. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983, the district was designated by the city Landmarks Preservation Commission on June 23,2009, and approved by the New York City Council on September 17,2009. It is the fifth largest historic district in New York City, in the movie Frances Ha, the title character lives in Prospect Heights, sharing an apartment at an address given as 682 Vanderbilt Avenue, Brooklyn, NY. The address is fictitious, being higher than the highest Vanderbilt Avenue address. Were it to exist it would be within Prospect Heights boundaries, notes Media related to Prospect Heights, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons
Wallabout Bay is now the site of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The nearby neighborhood of Wallabout, dating back to the 17th century, is adjacent to the bay, most historical accounts put Rapeljes house as the first house built at Wallabout Bay. His daughter Sarah was the first child born of European parentage in New Netherland, Rapeljes son-in-law Hans Hansen Bergen owned a large tract adjoining Rapeljes. Nearby were tobacco plantations belonging to Jan and Pieter Monfort, Peter Caesar Alberto, starting in 1637, the Wallabout served as the landing site of the first ferry across the East River from lower Manhattan. Cornelis Dircksen, the ferryman, farmed plots on both sides—near to where the Brooklyn Bridge now spans—to best employ his time on either bank of the river. The humble Bruykleen Colonie expanded out from the Wallabout to become the city of Brooklyn, Wallabout Bay was the site of one of the earliest murder trials in Brooklyns history. Wantenaer was tried for murder in the Court of Assize on October 2,1665 and he was convicted of a lesser charge of manslaughter, suffering the punishment of loss of his property and a year’s imprisonment.
The area was the site where the infamous British prison ships moored during the American Revolutionary War from about 1776-1783, over 10,000 soldiers and sailors died in these rotting hulks due to deliberate neglect, more American deaths than from every battle of the war combined. The nearby Prison Ship Martyrs Monument in Fort Greene Park houses remains of the prisoners and overlooks the site of their torment, the bay eventually became the site of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Parts of the bay were filled in to expand the yard, in the late 19th century, fill created a small island, as depicted in the Taylor Map of New York, and fill joined it to the mainland. The bay earned the name Potters Field among water-men in the 19th and 20th centuries because so many dead bodies would float into the bay during slack tide, the eddy sweeps driftwood into the backwater. Also, it sweeps drownded bodies into there, as a rule, people that drown in the harbor in winter stay down until spring. When the water begins to get warm, gas forms in them, every year, without fail, on or about the fifteenth of April, bodies start showing up, and more of them show up in Potter’s Field than any other place