List of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley

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Nobel laureates on Berkeley's faculty can take advantage of special exclusive parking spaces on the Berkeley campus.

This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley comprehensively shows the faculty members and researchers as well as graduates and other students of the University of California, Berkeley, who were awarded the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes, established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, are awarded to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.[1] An associated prize, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics), was instituted by Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank, in 1968 and first awarded in 1969.[2]

As of March 2018, 104 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with UC Berkeley, and 47 of them are officially listed as "Berkeley's Nobel Laureates" by UC Berkeley for being graduates (obtained degrees), current faculty members, or deceased faculty who retired at Berkeley.[3][4] Among the laureates, 33 are Berkeley alumni (graduates and attendees), and 38 have been long-term academic members of the Berkeley faculty or Berkeley-affiliated research organizations. Subject-wise, 33 laureates have won the Nobel Prize in Physics, more than any other subject. In addition, Linus Pauling is the only UC Berkeley-affiliated Nobel laureate (Visiting Lecturer in Physics and Chemistry, 1929–1934)[5] to win two Nobel prizes: he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962;[6] since this is a list of laureates, not prizes, he is counted only once.

The university affiliations in this list are all official academic affiliations such as official academic employment and degree programs. Non-academic positions (e.g., advisory committee, administrative staff, etc) are generally excluded. The official academic affiliations fall into three categories: 1) Graduate and Attendee, 2) Long-term Academic Staff, and 3) Short-term Academic Staff. Graduates are defined as those who hold Bachelor's, Master's, PhD, or equivalent degrees from Berkeley, while attendees are those who formally enrolled in a degree program at Berkeley but did not complete the program (thus, honorary degrees, posthumous degrees, summer attendees, exchange students, and auditing students are generally excluded). The category of "Long-term Academic Staff" consists of tenure/tenure-track and equivalent academic positions, while that of "Short-term Academic Staff" consists of lecturers (without tenure), postdoctoral researchers (postdocs), visiting professors/scholars (visitors), and equivalent academic positions. At Berkeley, the specific academic title solely determines the type of affiliation, regardless of the actual time the position was held by a laureate.

Further explanations on "visitors" under "Short-term Academic Staff" are presented as follows. 1) All informal/personal visits are excluded from the list; 2) all employment-based visiting positions, which carry teaching/research duties, are included as affiliations in the list; 3) as for award/honor-based visiting positions, this list takes a conservative view and includes the positions as affiliations only if the laureates were required to assume employment-level duty (teaching/research) or the laureates specifically classified the visiting positions as "affiliation/appointment/work" in their Curriculum Vita or reliable websites. To be specific, some award/honor-based visiting positions such as the "Charles M. and Martha Hitchcock Lectureship" at UC Berkeley are awards/honors/recognition without employment-level duty.[7] For instance, Alexander R. Todd (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1957), being Hitchcock Lecturer in 1957, is thus excluded from the list.[8][9] In particular, attending meetings and giving public lectures, talks or non-curricular seminars at UC Berkeley is not a form of employment-level duty. Finally, summer visitors are generally excluded from the list unless summer work yielded significant end products such as research publications and components of Nobel-winning work, since summer terms are not part of formal academic years; the same rule applies to UC Berkeley Extension. For instance, George Wald (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1967), being a Visiting Professor of Biochemistry in summer 1956,[10] and James Heckman (Nobel Prize in Economics 2000), being a visitor in summer 1974,[11] are thus both excluded from this list.

Affiliates of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) before 1971 are included in the following list. The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory was established by Ernest Lawrence in 1931. It was called the "University of California Radiation Laboratory" in the beginning, and shortly after Ernest Lawrence passed away in 1958, the lab was renamed as the "Ernest O. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory".[12] In 1952, Lawrence Radiation Lab established a branch in Livermore, California. The entire Lawrence Radiation Lab was widely regarded as a part of the University of California, Berkeley.[12][13][14][15][16][17][18] In 1971, the Livermore branch became its own separate laboratory and was renamed "Lawrence Livermore Laboratory".[14] At the same time, the original site in Berkeley was renamed "Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory".[13] Both laboratories were regarded as a part of the University of California.[13][14] Finally, the Lawrence Livermore Lab becomes a national laboratory of the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) in 1981 and was renamed "Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory",[19] and in 1995 the Lawrence Berkeley Lab became a national laboratory of DOE and was renamed "Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory".[20]

Affiliates of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) from 1947 to 1952 are included in the following list. Even though the laboratory (as Project Y) was officially managed by University of California, Berkeley after its establishment in 1943, the initial appointments in the lab were for military purposes only and were not academic appointments.[21][22][23][24] After the Manhattan Project the lab was renamed "Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory" in January 1, 1947,[25] and in 1952 the lab became officially managed by the University of California when the latter was separated from UC Berkeley.[26][27][28] In 1981, the lab was renamed "Los Alamos National Laboratory" as a national lab of U.S. Department of Energy.[23]

UC Berkeley Nobel laureates[edit]

Nobel laureates in Physics[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
Luis Walter Alvarez 1968 Professor of Physics (1936–1988)[29]
Barry Barish 2017 BA (1957), PhD (1962); Research Fellow (1962–1963)[30][31]
Felix Bloch 1952 Cyclotron researcher (1938–1939)[32][33]
Nicolaas Bloembergen 1981 Visiting Professor (1964–1965)[34]
Owen Chamberlain 1959 Graduate attendee;[a] Professor of Physics (1958–2006)[36]
Steven Chu 1997 PhD 1976, Postdoctoral Research Fellow (1976–1978),[37] Professor of Physics and Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology (2004–2009), and Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2004–2009)[38]
Arthur H. Compton 1927 Taught in the Summer Sessions of 1921 and 1922; Professor-at-Large, February 1962[39]
Leon N. Cooper 1972 Visiting Professor at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (1969)[40]
James Cronin 1980 Researcher at the Berkeley Bevatron (First half of 1958)[41]
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes 1991 Postdoctoral researcher (1959)[42]
Donald A. Glaser 1960 Professor of Physics (1959–2013)[43]
Sheldon Lee Glashow 1979 Associate Professor of Physics (1962–1966)[44]
David Gross 2004 PhD (1966)[45]
J. Hans D. Jensen 1963 Visiting Professor (1952)[46][47]
Willis Lamb 1955 BS (1934), PhD (1938)[48]
Robert B. Laughlin 1998 BA (1972)[49]
Ernest Lawrence 1939 Professor of Physics (1930–1958); Radiation Lab director (1936–1958)[50]
Tsung-Dao Lee 1957 Research Associate and Instructor (1950–1951)[51]
John C. Mather 2006 PhD (1974)[52]
Ben Roy Mottelson 1975 Visiting Professor (Spring 1959)[53]
Saul Perlmutter 2011 PhD (1986); Professor of Physics at UC Berkeley, and astrophysicist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory[54]
Frederick Reines 1995 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LANL) Research Leader (1944–1959) [55][56]
Adam Riess 2011 Miller Fellow (1996–1999)[57]
Jack Steinberger 1988 Researcher (1949–1950)[58]
Julian Schwinger 1965 Research fellow (1939–1941)[59]
Emilio G. Segrè 1959 Radiation Lab (1938–1946); Professor of Physics (1946–1989)[60]
George Smoot 2006 Professor of Physics (since 1994)[61]
Otto Stern 1943 Visiting Professor (1930s)[62]
Richard E. Taylor 1990 Researcher at Lawrence Radiation Lab (1961–1962)[63]
David J. Thouless 2016 Postdoctoral researcher at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (1958–1959),[64] also worked in the Department of Physics[65]
Charles Hard Townes 1964 Professor of Physics (1967–2015)[66]
Steven Weinberg 1979 Researcher, Professor of Physics (1959–1966)[67]
David Wineland 2012 BA (1965)[68]

Nobel laureates in Chemistry[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
Aziz Sancar 2015 Visiting Miller Professor (Spring 2002)[69]
Eric Betzig 2014 Professor of Physics (2017–)[70][71]
Melvin Calvin 1961 Professor of Chemistry (1947–1997)[72]
Thomas Cech 1989 PhD (1975)[73]
Robert Curl 1996 PhD (1957)[74]
Gerhard Ertl 2007 Visiting Professor (1981–1982)[75]
Joachim Frank 2017 Harkness Fellow (early 1970s)[76][77]
William Giauque 1949 BS 1920, PhD 1922; Professor of Chemistry (1922–1982)[78]
Alan J. Heeger 2000 PhD (1961); Research Associate in Physics (1961–1962)[79]
Richard Henderson 2017 Visiting Professor of Molecular and Cell biology at the Miller Institute (Spring 1993)[76]
Dudley R. Herschbach 1986 Professor of Chemistry (1959–1963)[80]
Jaroslav Heyrovský 1959 Carnegie Visiting Professor (1933)[81][82][83]
Yuan T. Lee 1986 PhD (1965); Professor of Chemistry (since 1974)[84]
Willard Libby 1960 BS (1931), PhD (1933); Lecturer (1933–1941)[85]
Edwin McMillan 1951 National Research Fellow (1932–1934), Staff at the Radiation Laboratory (1934–1935), Instructor (1935–1936), Assistant Professor (1936–1941), Associate Professor (1941–1946), and Professor of Chemistry (1946–1991)[86]
Paul L. Modrich 2015 Assistant Professor (1974–1976)[87]
Mario J. Molina 1995 PhD (1972)[88]
Kary Mullis 1993 PhD (1972)[89]
John Howard Northrop 1946 Professor of Bacteriology and later, Professor of Biophysics (1949–1987)[90]
Linus Pauling[b] 1954[6] Visiting Lecturer in Physics and Chemistry (1929–1934)[5]
Glenn T. Seaborg 1951 PhD (1937); Professor of Chemistry (1937–1999); Chancellor (1958–1961)[91]
Wendell Meredith Stanley 1946 Professor of Chemistry (1948–1971)[92]
Thomas A. Steitz 2009 Assistant Professor of Biochemistry (for two quarters during 1968–1970)[93]
Henry Taube 1983 PhD (1940); Instructor (1940–1941)[94]
Roger Y. Tsien 2008 Professor of Chemistry (1982–1989)[95]
Harold Urey 1934 PhD (1923)[96]
Geoffrey Wilkinson 1973 Radiation Lab (1946–1949)[97]
Kurt Wüthrich 2002 Postdoctoral researcher (1965–1967)[98]
Ahmed Zewail 1999 Researcher (1974–1976)[99]

Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
Werner Arber 1978 Researcher (1963); Visiting Miller Research Professor, Department of Molecular Biology (1970–1971)[100]
Elizabeth Blackburn 2009 Professor of Molecular Biology (1978–1990)[93][101]
Sydney Brenner 2002 Postdoctoral researcher (1953)[102]
Allan M. Cormack 1970 Visiting Researcher at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory[17]
Joseph Erlanger 1944 BS (1895)[103]
Andrew Fire 2006 BA in Mathematics (1978)[104]
Carol W. Greider 2009 PhD (1987), Molecular Biology[93][105]
Arthur Kornberg 1959 Research investigator at Horace Barker's lab (1951)[106]
Thomas H. Morgan 1933 Visiting Researcher (June–September, 1921)[107][108][109]
Stanley B. Prusiner 1997 Assistant Professor of Virology in Residence (1979–1983), Associate Professor of Virology in Residence (1983–1984), and Professor of Virology in Residence (since 1984)[110]
Richard J. Roberts 1980 Visiting Miller Professor (Fall 1991)[69][111]
Randy W. Schekman 2013 Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology (since 1976)[112]
Hamilton O. Smith 1978 BS (1952)[113]
Selman Waksman 1952 PhD (1918)[114]
George H. Whipple 1934 Professor (1914–1921) and Dean of Medical School at Berkeley (1920–1921)[115][116]
Maurice Wilkins 1962 Worked on the Manhattan Project at UC Berkeley (1944–1945)[117]

Nobel Peace Prize laureates[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
Linus Pauling[b] 1962[6] Visiting Lecturer in Physics and Chemistry (1929–1934)[5]

Nobel laureates in Literature[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
Seamus Heaney 1995 Visiting Lecturer (1970–1971)[118]
Czesław Miłosz 1980 Professor of Slavic Languages and Literature (1961–2004)[119]
Octavio Paz 1990 Guggenheim Fellow (1943) for study of the poetic expression[120][121]

Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics[edit]

Name Year Affiliation with UC Berkeley
George Akerlof 2001 Professor of Economics (1966–1978; since 1980)[122]
Robert Aumann 2005 Ford Visiting Research Professor of Economics (1971, 1985–1986)[123]
Gérard Debreu 1983 Professor of Economics (1962–2004)[124]
Peter Diamond 2010 Professor of Economics (1963–1966)[125]
John Harsanyi 1994 Professor at the Haas School of Business (1964–2000)[126]
Leonid Hurwicz 2007 Visiting Professor (1976–1977)[127]
Daniel Kahneman 2002 PhD (1961); Professor of Psychology (1986–1994)[128]
Lawrence Klein 1980 BA (1942)[129]
Robert Lucas Jr. 1995 Graduate student in history (1959–1960)[130]
Daniel McFadden 2000 Assistant Professor of Economics (1963–1966), Assistant Professor of Economics (1966–1968), Professor of Economics (1968–1979), Professor of Economics (since 1990), E. Morris Cox Chair (since 1990), Director at the Econometrics Laboratory (1991–1995, since 1996), and Chair at the Department of Economics (1995–1996)[131][132]
James Mirrlees 1996 Visiting Professor (1986)[133]
Douglass North 1993 BA (1942), PhD (1952)[134]
Bertil Ohlin 1977 Visiting Professor (1937)[135][136][137]
Christopher A. Pissarides 2010 Visiting Professor at the Haas School of Business (1990–1991)[138]
Thomas J. Sargent 2011 BA (1964)[139]
Thomas Schelling 2005 BA (1944)[140]
Reinhard Selten 1994 Visiting Professor at the Haas School of Business (1967–1968; frequent visitor)[141]
Amartya Sen 1998 Researcher (1964–1965)[142]
William F. Sharpe 1990 Undergraduate attendee (1951–1952)[143]
Herbert A. Simon 1978 Research Director (1939–1942)[144]
Christopher A. Sims 2011 Graduate student in economics (1963–1964)[139][145][146]
James Tobin 1981 Ford Visiting Research Professor of Economics (1982–1983)[122][147]
Oliver E. Williamson 2009 Professor at the Haas School of Business, Department of Economics, and School of Law (1963–1965; since 1988)[148]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Owen Chamberlain entered UC Berkeley for physics graduate school in 1941, but his studies were interrupted by World War II, and he was eventually awarded the physics PhD degree from the University of Chicago in 1949.[35]
  2. ^ a b This Nobel laureate received two Nobel Prizes. Counted only once because this is a list of laureates, not prizes.

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