KLAC AM 570 is a radio station serving the Los Angeles metropolitan area. KLAC is one of eight Los Angeles radio stations in which San Antonio-based iHeartMedia has an ownership interest; the station is co-located with its sister stations in suburban Burbank, its transmitter is located on a site in the Lincoln Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, east of downtown. KLAC is the flagship station of the Los Angeles Dodgers, the Los Angeles Clippers, UCLA Bruins football and basketball, since January 2009, of Fox Sports Radio; the station is the home of local personalities Fred Roggin, Rodney Peete, Petros Papadakis and Matt "Money" Smith. In 2015, the station was acquired by the Dodgers baseball club and re-branded as AM 570 LA Sports. KLAC can be heard in HD on 570 AM and on KYSR HD2. KLAC began as KFPG in 1924. In 1925 it became KMTR after new owner K. M. Turner, a radio dealer. In 1946, Dorothy Schiff, publisher of the New York Post, bought the station and renamed it KLAC. During the 1940s Douglas Adamson worked as a disc-jockey and was voted one of Billboards top ten DJs in America.
Douglas' brother "Harold Campbell Adamson" was a noteworthy songwriter during this period with four Oscar nominations, having written Frank Sinatra's first Oscar nomination for film Higher and Higher. At Harold's funeral his nephew met Louis Nye; the station was purchased by Metromedia in 1963. They ran a pop music format from the 1950s into the 1960s, similar to other AM Metromedia stations. KLAC at different times featured the talents of Les Crane, Louis Nye, Lohman and Barkley. In the mid-1960s KLAC had a talk format known as "two-way radio" including Joe Pyne became a middle of the road station playing music from the 1940s and early 1950s along with soft rock and non-rock hits of the 1950s and 1960s. By early 1970, KLAC evolved to more of an adult contemporary format focusing on soft rock hits from 1964 up to that time. Country stations KFOX and KBBQ did not have a signal as powerful as that of KLAC, so on September 28, 1970, KLAC decided to drop adult contemporary for country. Number one on their first Big 57 survey was "For The Good Times" by Ray Price.
Original DJs were Deano Day, Gene Price, Harry Newman, Sammy Jackson and Jay Lawrence, joined the following year by Dick Haynes, Charlie O'Donnell and Larry Scott. L. A. veteran Nancy Plum was heard in the last days of the country format. Many of the KLAC airstaff had worked at KBBQ. In the fall of 1980, KZLA-AM-FM joined the country music competition, followed in December 1980 by KHJ. KHJ went back to pop oldies on April 1, 1983. KZLA-AM/FM and KLAC competed through the 1980s. During this time, KLAC DJ Harry Newman could be heard as the image voice for KCOP-TV, co-owned with KLAC until the late 1950s. In 1984, Metromedia sold KLAC to Capital Cities Communications, which subsequently sold its previous Los Angeles AM station, KZLA to Spanish Broadcasting System. One year Capital Cities announced its acquisition of ABC; as the newly merged Capital Cities/ABC opted to retain KABC and KLOS, both KLAC and KZLA-FM were sold, with both outlets going to Malrite Communications. The station moved to classic country from the 1950s to the 1970s, though one exception to the music format was a "combat talk" show hosted by Orange County conservative icon Wally George on Monday nights during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
In late 1993, KLAC fired all their DJs and newsman, including 31-year veteran Dean Sander, dropped country for Westwood One's satellite-fed standards format, focusing on artists like Nat King Cole, Neil Diamond, Peggy Lee, Petula Clark, Dean Martin, Barbra Streisand, Frank Sinatra, Johnny Mathis, The Carpenters, Elvis Presley, the Ames Brothers, Tony Bennett, Perry Como, Dionne Warwick and Barry Manilow. Big bands were no longer played. KLAC stayed with this format in some form until 2001. KLAC was owned by Malrite until 1993, when the station was sold to Shamrock in a group deal along with KZLA. In 1995, the station was absorbed by Chancellor Media and KZLA was swapped to Bonneville in the late 1990s. Chancellor Media would form AMFM Inc. when it merged with Capstar in 1999. In 2000, AMFM Inc. would merge with Clear Channel. In 2001, KLAC became a standard talk radio station, hosting the likes of Don Imus, Clark Howard, Dr. Dean Edell, The Truckin' Bozo show, local host Michael Jackson. On September 12, 2002, KLAC reverted to an adult standards format, becoming the Fabulous 570.
In addition to many of the station's previous artists, the playlist included Norah Jones, Diana Krall, Harry Connick Jr. Rod Stewart and Michael Bublé. During the standards/lounge music period, Brad "Martini" Chambers, Jim "Swingin' Jimmy D" Duncan, Daisy Torme and the omnipresent Gary Owens were among the air talent. On February 4, 2005, Clear Channel Communications conducted a far-reaching format swap of three radio stations in the area. Among the changes: KLAC's previous standards format, "Fabulous" branding, moved to XETRA 690-AM and became The Fabulous 690, it would last until February 1, 2006, with an ownership change and ending of Clear Channel's programming lease, 690 AM became XEWW-AM, a Spanish-language talk station. The XTRA Sports format, simulcast on XETRA 690-AM in San Diego and KXTA 1150-AM in Los Angeles, moved to KLAC, which aimed at both Los Angeles and San Diego. (Prior to 2002, they were separately pr
The Oakland Tribune was a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California, by the Bay Area News Group, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. From 2010 to 2016, it was published as an edition of the BANG flagship newspaper, the San Jose Mercury News. In March 2016, parent company Digital First Media announced that the Oakland Tribune would fold into a new newspaper entitled the East Bay Times along with the company's other newspapers in the East Bay starting April 5, 2016; the former nameplates of the consolidated newspapers will continue to be published every Friday as weekly community supplements. The Tribune was founded February 1874, by George Staniford and Benet A. Dewes; the Oakland Daily Tribune was first printed at 468 Ninth St. as a 4-page, 3-column newspaper, 6 by 10 inches. Staniford and Dewes gave out copies free of charge; the paper had 43 advertisements. Staniford, the editor and Dewes, the printer, were credited with producing a paper with fine typographical look and editorial nature.
The competition was the Oakland Oakland Transcript. The first editorial stated, "There seems to be an open field for a journal like the Tribune in Oakland, we accordingly proceed to occupy it, presenting the Tribune, intended to be a permanent daily paper, deriving its support from advertising patronage." That year, Staniford sold his half interest to Dewes. B. Gibson; the Tribune moved, January 30, 1875, to 911 Broadway and Gibson sold his half interest to the paper to A. E. Nightingill. In 1876, Dewes and Nightingill, found a buyer for the Tribune; the Tribune became a major paper under William E. Dargie, who acquired the paper July 24, 1876; the Tribune Publishing Company, was created with William Edward Dargie as Manager and A. K. P. Harmon, Jr. Secretary; the Tribune was a solid Republican newspaper under Dargie and the Knowlands. Dargie was a news innovator in several ways: wire service dispatches. On August 28, 1891, the name Oakland Tribune was adopted. Prior names include Oakland Daily Tribune, the Oakland Evening Tribune and the Oakland Daily Evening Tribune.
Dargie had news offices in New Chicago. Dargie acquired a patent approved R. Hoe & Co. double cylinder press. The Tribune was a charter member of the Associated Press upon its founding in 1900. Among Dargie's hires, at the turn of the century, was Jack Gunin, a one-eyed lensman, the first full-time photojournalist in the Western United States. Early in 1906, the Tribune printed a Sunday edition; the newspapers of San Francisco were destroyed in the earthquake and fire of April 18, 1906. The Tribune printed many "extras." Dargie lent the Tribune's presses for a joint edition of the San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle-Call. In the aftermath of the conflagration, San Francisco Mayor Eugene E. Schmitz, declared the Oakland Tribune the official San Francisco newspaper; the circulation grew as displaced San Franciscans moved to Alameda County. The Tribune's editorial direction was under Managing Editor John Conners. After 35 years as publisher, William E. Dargie died on February 10, 1911. Former Oakland Mayor Melvin C. Chapman served as acting president of the Tribune Publishing Company.
Bruno Albert Forsterer, was general manager. He was executor of Dargie's estate. Bruno and his son, Harold B. Forsterer served the Knowlands and the Tribune. After five terms in the United States House of Representatives, Joseph R. Knowland purchased the Oakland Tribune from Dargie's widow, Hermina Peralta Dargie. In his first edition as publisher of the Oakland Tribune, November 14, 1915, he wrote, "It is understood that what the Tribune does, rather than what it promises, will determine the true measure of its worth. Knowland moved the Tribune to a new location at 13th and Franklin Streets on March 25, 1918. Under Knowland, the Tribune became one-third of a triumvirate of California Republican newspapers with conservative viewpoints, along with the Los Angeles Times and San Francisco Chronicle; the Tribune endorsed Republican candidates and "J. R." picked and controlled Republican elected officials. The Tribune would make many political careers, the most noted being Knowland's own son William F. Knowland and Earl Warren.
In 1921, Knowland started his newspaper library. The 305 feet tall Tribune Tower, an Oakland landmark, was completed in 1923; the Tribune moved its business into the tower in 1924. The Tribune Publishing Corporation, was founded by Knowland on January 4, 1928; the publishing corporation held interests in KLX, part owner of a paper mill in Tacoma and subsidiary businesses, U-Bild, Tower Graphics and Tribune Features, Inc. In the mid-1930s, J. R. tied in with the Associated Press Wirephoto Service. He had a direct wire link for international news from England; the mast head logo, which became an icon of the paper, showed Oakland, a port to the world and nation. The logo changed with the times: the Tower, transport ship and steam locomotive. On September 1, 1950, the Tribune became the sole Oakland daily newspaper, with the demise of its competitor, William Randolph Hearst's Oakland Post Enquirer. In 1960, Jos
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, the UC Davis School of Medicine, notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park.
Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento; as a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, by fruits, bulbs and roots gathered throughout the year. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths; the air was like champagne, drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento!" The valley and the river were christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick. Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847 Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. That same year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on some thin margins of credit. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
In August 1848 Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr. arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. In Sutter's case, rather than being a'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal'bane' for him. By December 1848, John Sutter Jr. in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr. however the father, being in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For
Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959. Hawaii is the only U. S. state located in Oceania, the only U. S. state located outside North America, the only one composed of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean; the state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles. At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are—in order from northwest to southeast: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe and the Island of Hawaiʻi; the last is the largest island in the group. The archipelago is ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania. Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers and volcanologists.
Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is influenced by North American and East Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U. S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu. Hawaii is the 8th-smallest and the 11th-least populous, but the 13th-most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. It is the only state with an Asian plurality; the state's oceanic coastline is about 750 miles long, the fourth longest in the U. S. after the coastlines of Alaska and California. The state of Hawaii derives its name from the name of Hawaiʻi. A common Hawaiian explanation of the name of Hawaiʻi is that it was named for Hawaiʻiloa, a legendary figure from Hawaiian myth, he is said to have discovered the islands. The Hawaiian language word Hawaiʻi is similar to Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki, with the reconstructed meaning "homeland". Cognates of Hawaiʻi are found in other Polynesian languages, including Māori and Samoan.
According to linguists Pukui and Elbert, "lsewhere in Polynesia, Hawaiʻi or a cognate is the name of the underworld or of the ancestral home, but in Hawaii, the name has no meaning". A somewhat divisive political issue arose in 1978 when the Constitution of the State of Hawaii added Hawaiian as a second official state language; the title of the state constitution is The Constitution of the State of Hawaii. Article XV, Section 1 of the Constitution uses The State of Hawaii. Diacritics were not used because the document, drafted in 1949, predates the use of the ʻokina and the kahakō in modern Hawaiian orthography; the exact spelling of the state's name in the Hawaiian language is Hawaiʻi. In the Hawaii Admission Act that granted Hawaiian statehood, the federal government recognized Hawaii as the official state name. Official government publications and office titles, the Seal of Hawaii use the traditional spelling with no symbols for glottal stops or vowel length. In contrast, the National and State Parks Services, the University of Hawaiʻi and some private enterprises implement these symbols.
No precedent for changes to U. S. state names exists since the adoption of the United States Constitution in 1789. However, the Constitution of Massachusetts formally changed the Province of Massachusetts Bay to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1780, in 1819, the Territory of Arkansaw was created but was admitted to statehood as the State of Arkansas. There are eight main Hawaiian islands; the island of Niʻihau is managed by brothers Bruce and Keith Robinson. Access to uninhabited Kahoʻolawe island is restricted; the Hawaiian archipelago is located 2,000 mi southwest of the contiguous United States. Hawaii is the southernmost U. S. the second westernmost after Alaska. Hawaii, like Alaska, does not border any other U. S. state. It is the only U. S. state, not geographically located in North America, the only state surrounded by water and, an archipelago, the only state in which coffee is commercially cultivable. In addition to the eight main islands, the state has many smaller islets. Kaʻula is a small island near Niʻihau.
The Northwest Hawaiian Islands is a group of nine small, older islands to the northwest of Kauaʻi that extend from Nihoa to Kure Atoll. Across the archipelago are around 130 small rocks and islets, such as Molokini, which are either volcanic, marine sedimentary or erosional in origin. Hawaii's tallest mountain Mauna Kea is 13,796 ft above mean sea level; the Hawaiian islands were formed by volcanic activity initiated at an undersea magma source called the Hawaii hotspot. The process is continuing to build islands; because of the hotspot's location, all active land volcanoes are located on the southern half of Hawaii Island. The newest volcano, Lōʻihi Seamount, is located south of the coast of Hawaii Island; the last volcanic eruption outside Hawaii Island occurred
James William Plunkett is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for sixteen seasons. He achieved his greatest success during his final nine seasons with the Oakland Raiders franchise, whom he helped lead to two Super Bowl victories. A Heisman Trophy winner during his collegiate career at Stanford, Plunkett was selected by the New England Patriots as the first overall pick in the 1971 NFL Draft and played for the San Francisco 49ers, his tenure with the teams was unsuccessful and led to him being signed by the Raiders. Serving as a backup, he became the team's starting quarterback during the 1980 season and helped Raiders win Super Bowl XV, where he was named the game's MVP. In 1983, Plunkett again ascended from backup to starting quarterback to assist the Raiders in winning Super Bowl XVIII before retiring three years later, he is the only eligible quarterback to win two Super Bowls as a starter to not be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Plunkett is the only NFL Quarterback to win two Super Bowls with the same team in two cities in Oakland, Los Angeles. Plunkett was born to Mexican American parents with an Irish-German grandfather on his paternal side.. Plunkett's father was a news vendor afflicted with progressive blindness, who had to support his blind wife along with their three children. Plunkett's parents were both born in New Mexico. Carmen was of Native American ancestry, his father William died of a heart attack in 1969. The Plunketts moved to California during World War II. William Plunkett first worked in the Richmond shipyards. By this time, Jim's two older sisters and Mary Ann had been born, they moved to San Jose where William ran a newsstand, where they were able to find low-cost housing. The family lived in relative poverty, received state financial aid. Jim and his sisters learned to do things for themselves as they grew up, they helped Carmen with cooking and other household chores. When Jim was growing up, the family's financial situation was a big problem for him.
He did not like the area he lived in did not have money for dates, avoided bringing friends to his house. He worked from an early age, cleaning up at a gas station while in elementary school, delivering newspapers, bagging groceries, working in orchards. In his high school years, he worked during the summer. Jim went to William C. Overfelt High School in the 9th and 10th grades and transferred to and graduated from James Lick High School, both located in east San Jose, California. Plunkett showed his talent for tossing the football by winning a throwing contest at the age of 14 with a heave of over 60 yards. Once he arrived at the school, he played quarterback and defensive end for the football team, he competed in basketball, baseball and wrestling. Plunkett is on the Hall of Fame wall at James Lick. Upon entering Stanford University, Plunkett endured a rough freshman campaign after being weakened by a thyroid operation, his performance caused head coach John Ralston to switch him to defensive end, but Plunkett was adamant in remaining at quarterback, throwing 500 to 1,000 passes every day to polish his arm.
He earned the opportunity to start in 1968, in his first game, completed ten of thirteen passes for 277 yards and four touchdowns, never relinquished his hold on the starting spot. Plunkett's arrival ushered in an era of wide-open passing, pro-style offenses in the Pac-8, a trend that has continued to the present, his successful junior campaign saw him set league records for touchdown passes, passing yards and total offense. This display of offensive firepower led Washington State coach Jim Sweeney to call Plunkett "The best college football player I've seen." In his senior year, 1970, he led Stanford to their first Rose Bowl appearance since 1952, a game that ended with a 27-17 Stanford victory over the favored Ohio State Buckeyes. With eighteen passing and three rushing touchdowns added to his 2,715 passing yards on the year, Plunkett was awarded the 1970 Heisman Trophy. Plunkett beat Notre Dame's Joe Archie Manning of Ole Miss to win the award, he was the first Latino to win the Heisman Trophy.
Aside from the Heisman, he captured the Maxwell Award for the nation's best player and was named player of the year by United Press International, The Sporting News, SPORT magazine. In addition, the American College Football Coaches Association designated him as their Offensive Player of the Year, he became the second multiple recipient of the W. J. Voit Memorial Trophy, awarded each year to the outstanding football player on the Pacific Coast. Plunkett received the Voit Trophy in both 1969 and 1970. While at Stanford he joined Delta Tau Delta International Fraternity. UCLA coach Tommy Prothro had called Plunkett the "best pro quarterback prospect I've seen", echoing Sweeney's words from the year prior, his excellent arm strength and precision made him attractive to pro teams that relied much more on the passing game than most college teams of the late 1960s. In 1971, he was drafted with the first overall pick in the NFL draft by the New England Patriots. Plunkett owns the distinction of being the only player of Hispanic heritage to be drafted with the first overall pick in the NFL draft.
Ontario is a city located in southwestern San Bernardino County, California, 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles and 23 miles west of downtown San Bernardino, the county seat. Located in the western part of the Inland Empire metropolitan area, it lies just east of Los Angeles County and is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area; as of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 163,924, up from 158,007 at the 2000 census, making it the county's fourth most populous city after San Bernardino and Rancho Cucamonga. The city is home to the Ontario International Airport, the 15th busiest airport in the United States by cargo carried. Ontario handles the mass of freight traffic between the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and the rest of the country, it is the home of Ontario Mills and former home of the Ontario Motor Speedway. It takes its name from the Ontario Model Colony development established in 1882 by the Canadian engineer George Chaffey and his brothers William Chaffey and Charles Chaffey.
They named the settlement after their home province of Ontario. The area, now Ontario was part of the lands used for hunting and foraging by the semi-nomadic Tongva Native Americans, who were known to roam as far south as the western San Bernardino Mountains. At the time of Mexican and of American settlement, active Native American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont. Juan Bautista de Anza is said to have passed through the area on his 1774 expedition, to this day a city park and a middle school bear his name. Following the 1819 establishment of San Bernardino Asistencia, which may have served as an outpost of the San Gabriel mission, it became part of a large, vaguely identified area called "San Antonio". In 1826, Jedediah Smith passed through what is now Upland on the first overland journey to the West coast of North America via the National Old Trails Road; the 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands.
In 1881, the Chaffey brothers and William, purchased the land and the water rights to it. They engineered a drainage system channeling water from the foothills of Mount San Antonio down to the flatter lands below that performed the dual functions of allowing farmers to water their crops and preventing the floods that periodically afflict them, they created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue, with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" was conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town; the two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born. Ontario attracted ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress visitors and potential settlers with the "abundance" of water in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific railway station, it was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure.
The original "Chaffey fountain", a simple spigot surrounded by a ring of white stones, was replaced by the more ornate "Frankish Fountain", an Art Nouveau creation now located outside the Ontario Museum of History and Art. Agriculture was vital to the early economy, many street names recall this legacy; the Sunkist plant remains as a living vestige of the citrus era. The Chaffey brothers left to found the settlements of Mildura and Renmark, which met with varying success. Charles Frankish continued their work at Ontario. Mining engineer John Tays refined the design of the novel "mule car", used from 1887 for public transportation on Euclid Avenue to 24th Street. At that point, the two mules were loaded onto a platform at the rear of the car and allowed to ride, as gravity propelled the trolley back down the avenue to the downtown Ontario terminus. Soon replaced by an electric streetcar, the mule car is commemorated by a replica in an enclosure south of C Street on the Euclid Avenue median. Ontario was incorporated as a city in 1891, North Ontario broke away in 1906, calling itself Upland.
Ontario grew at an astronomical rate. The population of 20,000 in the 1960s again grew 10 times more by the year 2007. Ontario was viewed as an "Iowa under Palm trees", with a solid Midwestern/Mid-American foundation, but it had a large German and Swiss community. Tens of thousands of European immigrants came to work in agriculture, in the early 1900s the first Filipinos and Japanese farm laborers arrived to display nursery ownership skills. Ontario has over two centuries of Hispanic residents, starting from the Californio period of Spanish colonial and Mexican rule in the 1840s. However, the first wave of Mexican settlers was in the 1880s brought as workers in the railroad industry and another wave from the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s. Mexican Americans resided in the city's poorer central side facing Chino. In the years following Ontario's founding, the economy was driven by its reputation as a health resort. Shortly thereafter, citrus farmers began taking advantage of Ontario's rocky soil to plant lemon and orange groves.
Agricultural opportunities attracted vintners and olive growers. The Graber Olive House, which continues to produce olives, is a city historical landmark and one of the
Redding the City of Redding, is the county seat of Shasta County, California, in the northern part of the state. It lies along the Sacramento River, 162 miles north of Sacramento, 120 miles south of California's northern border, shared with the state of Oregon. Interstate 5 bisects the entire city, from the south to north before it approaches Shasta Lake, located 15 miles to the north; the 2010 population was 89,861. Redding is the largest city in the Shasta Cascade region, it is the sixth-largest city in the Sacramento Valley, behind Sacramento, Elk Grove, Roseville and Chico. During the gold rush, the area that now comprises Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad so that it could build a northern terminus there. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad built a town in the same area, which they named Redding in honor of Benjamin Redding.
In 1874 there was a dispute over the name by local legislators and it was changed for a time to Reading, in order to honor Pierson B. Reading, who founded the community of Shasta, but the name was changed back to Redding by 1880, it has been called Redding since. Before European settlers came to the area, it was inhabited by a tribe of Native Americans called the Wintu. At their height, the Wintu had as many as 239 villages in the Shasta County area. Although Europeans had been to California as early as 1542, when Juan Cabrillo sailed to what is now the San Diego Bay, the indigenous Indians were the only inhabitants of far Northern California region until Russian fur trappers came through the area in 1815; the first European settlement in the area was established in 1844 by Pierson B. Reading, an early California pioneer who received a Rancho Buena Ventura Mexican land grant for 26,632 acres, now covered by Redding and Cottonwood, California. At the time, it was the northernmost nonnative settlement in California.
During the gold rush, the area, now Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad for a northern terminus. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad built the town of Redding, incorporated on October 4, 1887. In the early twentieth century the town's economic growth was spurred by the significant copper and iron mineral extraction industry nearby. However, the mining industry declined, causing the economy and population to falter by 1920, it recovered in the thirties as the economy boomed due to the construction of Shasta Dam to the northwest. The building of the dam, completed in 1945, caused Redding's population to nearly double spurring the growth and development of other towns in the area. Redding continued to grow in the 1950es due to the region's growing lumber industry and tourism brought about by the newly completed dam.
The constructions of Whiskeytown and Keswick dams helped boost the economy by bringing new workers to the area. Highway Interstate 5 was built during the sixties and seventies, which added to development and tourism in the region. Growth in Redding during the'60s and'70s was caused by annexation of an area east of the Sacramento River made up of the unincorporated community of Enterprise. Enterprise residents voted to support the annexation to acquire less expensive electricity via Redding's municipal utility, which receives power from the dam. During the 1970s, the lumber industry suffered from decline. Lumber mills in the area closed down and impacted the Redding area. Things picked up, due to a retail and housing boom in the late-1980s that continued until the mid-1990s. In 2017, the city adopted a new flag after holding a redesign contest. In late July 2018, the Carr Fire in Shasta county impacted the Redding area with the destruction of at least 1100 buildings, with several thousand more threatened, 38,000 people instructed to evacuate and 6 deaths.
Redding is located at 40°34′36″N 122°22′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.2 square miles. 59.6 square miles of it is land, 1.5 square miles of it is beneath water. Redding is located at the northwestern end of the Central Valley, which transitions into the Cascade foothills; the city is surrounded by mountains to the north and west and fertile farm land to the south. Outermost parts of the city are part of the Cascade foothills, whereas southern and central areas are in the Sacramento Valley; the elevation in Redding is 495 feet on average, whereas anywhere to the north, east, or west of downtown ranges between 550 feet and 800 feet feet. Southern portions range between 500 feet; the Shasta Dam on the Sacramento River provides a considerable level of flood protection for Redding. The dam is capable of controlling flows up to 79,000 cubic feet per second; the flow rate exceeded this threshold in both 1970 and 1974. Soils in and around town are composed of clay or gravelly loam texture, with red or brown mineral horizons.
They are or moderately acidic in their natural state. Redwood Estates Los Robles Estates Mountain Shadows Mobile Home Estates Twin View Terrace Mobile Home Park Redding Lakeside Mobile Homes Estates There are several rare and endangered species in Redding and its immediate vicinity; the Redding Redevelopment Plan EIR no