Parliament-Funkadelic is an American funk music collective of rotating musicians headed by George Clinton consisting of the individual bands Parliament and Funkadelic, both active since the 1960s. Their distinctive funk style drew on psychedelic culture, outlandish fashion, science-fiction, surreal humor; the collective's origins date back to the doo-wop group the Parliaments, formed by Clinton in the late 1950s in Plainfield, New Jersey. Under the influence of late-1960s artists such as Jimi Hendrix, Sly Stone, Frank Zappa, Clinton relocated to Detroit and began the sister groups Parliament and Funkadelic, with the former playing an eclectic and more commercial form of funk, the latter incorporating more influence from psychedelic rock; the groups released albums such as Maggot Brain, Mothership Connection, One Nation Under a Groove to critical praise, scored charting hits with singles such as "Give Up the Funk", "One Nation Under a Groove", "Flash Light", "Atomic Dog". Overall, the collective achieved thirteen top ten hits in the American R&B music charts between 1967 and 1983, including six number one hits.
The name "Parliament-Funkadelic" became the catch-all term for the dozens of related musicians recording and touring different projects in Clinton's orbit. Other prominent collective members have included Bootsy Collins, Bernie Worrell, Eddie Hazel, Michael Hampton. By the early 1980s, Clinton and other members had begun solo careers, with Clinton consolidating the collective's multiple projects and touring under names such as "George Clinton and the P-Funk All-Stars." Some former members of Parliament perform under the name "Original P". Sixteen members of Parliament-Funkadelic were inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. In 2019, the group will be given Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awards; the P-Funk story began in 1956 in Plainfield, New Jersey, with a doo-wop group formed by fifteen-year-old George Clinton. This was a name inspired by Parliament cigarettes. By the early 1960s, the group had solidified into the five-man lineup of Clinton, Ray "Stingray" Davis, Clarence "Fuzzy" Haskins, Calvin Simon and Grady Thomas.
The group rehearsed in a barbershop owned by Clinton and entertained the customers. The Parliaments achieved a hit single in 1967 with " Testify" while Clinton began commuting to Detroit as a songwriter and producer for Motown Records; the West End of Plainfield, New Jersey was once home to the Silk Palace, a barbershop at 216 Plainfield Avenue owned in part by Clinton, staffed by various members of Parliament-Funkadelic and known as the "hangout for all the local singers and musicians" in Plainfield's 1950s and 1960s doo-wop, soul and proto-funk music scene. By the late 1960s Clinton had assembled a touring band to back up the Parliaments, the first stable lineup of which included Billy Bass Nelson, Eddie Hazel, Tawl Ross, Tiki Fulwood, Mickey Atkins. After a contractual dispute in which Clinton temporarily lost the rights to the name "The Parliaments," Clinton brought the backing musicians forward; when the band relocated to Detroit, their guitar-based, raw funk sound, with its heavy psychedelic rock influences, inspired "Billy Bass" Nelson, who coined the name "Funkadelic".
Clinton signed Funkadelic to Westbound Records, the five Parliaments singers were credited as "guests" while the five musicians were listed as the main group members. The debut album Funkadelic was released in 1970. Meanwhile, Clinton regained the rights to the name "The Parliaments" and initiated another new entity, now known as Parliament, with the same five singers and five musicians but this time as a smoother R&B-based funk ensemble that Clinton positioned as a counterpoint to the more rock-oriented Funkadelic. Parliament recorded Osmium for Invictus Records in 1970, after a hiatus in which Clinton focused on Funkadelic, Parliament was signed to Casablanca Records and released its debut for that label Up for the Down Stroke in 1974; the two bands began to tour together under the collective name "Parliament-Funkadelic." By this time the original ten-member lineup of Parliament-Funkadelic had begun to splinter, but many others joined for various album releases by either band, leading to a collective with a fluid and expanding membership.
Notable members to join during this period include keyboardist Bernie Worrell, bassist Bootsy Collins, guitarist Garry Shider, The Horny Horns. In the 1975-1979 period, both Parliament and Funkadelic achieved several high-charting albums and singles on both the R&B and Pop charts. Many members of the collective began to branch out into side bands and solo projects under George Clinton's tutelage, including Bootsy's Rubber Band and The Brides of Funkenstein, while longtime members like Eddie Hazel recorded solo albums with songwriting and studio help from the collective; the Parliament albums of this period had become concept albums with themes from science fiction and afro-futurism, elaborate political and sociological themes, an evolving storyline with recurring fictional characters. Parliament-Funkadelic stage shows were expanded to include imagery from science fiction and a stage prop known as the Mothership; these concepts came to be known as the P-Funk mythology. By the late 1970s the Parliament-Funkadelic collective became over-extended and several key members departed acrimoniously over disagreements with Clinton and his management style.
Steven Bookvich known as Muruga Booker is an American drummer, inventor, recording artist, an autonomous Orthodox priest. Booker was born in Detroit, Michigan, on December 27, 1942, at Highland Park General Hospital, is of Serbian descent, his father, Melvin Bookvich, was a shoemaker. He is married to Patti, aka Shakti, they have a daughter named Rani, a son named Aaron from a previous marriage, he lived in Detroit, New York, NY and Oakland, California. Since 1985, Booker and his family have lived in Ann Arbor, where he has his own recording studio called Sage Ct. Studio, as well as an'Orthodox Church where he is the priest, Saint Gregory Palamas Celtic Orthodox Church. Booker first played the accordion before taking up drums as a preteen, he studied drums under a Russian music teacher. He first professionally played drums in 1961 with "The Low Rocks" in Detroit as Steve Booker. Under that name he achieved local recognition playing in 1962 with the "Thunder Rocks" and both bands released singles on the Sabre Records label, which they created.
Booker became known for his driving drum solos. He shared the bill at venues like Detroit's Eastown Theatre and Grande Ballroom with Ted Nugent, Jack Bruce, Mose Allison, Sam Lay, Jimmy Reed and many others, he performed as Steve Booker's New Volume. In 1964 he began playing with folk-rock singers Jim & Jean, performed on their recordings Changes and People World, which featured Harvey Brooks on guitar and bass. In 1964 and 1965, Booker played and recorded with the psychedelic folk rock band The Spike Drivers, they recorded several songs including Can't Stand The Pain and I'm So Glad. In 1965 he was asked by Richard Williams to become a member of The Casuals to back up Brenda Lee, he toured with them for several months all over the USA. Starting in 1966 he began playing with John Lee Hooker at many Detroit area venues, they were booked as Hooker and Booker. In 1968 he joined the Paul Winter and The Winter Consort, performed on their album Something In The Wind. In 1969, at the first Woodstock Festival, he played drums for Tim Hardin, along with cellist Richard Bock, from The Winter Consort.
At Woodstock he met Swami Satchidananda who invited him to visit him at the Integral Yoga Institute in New York, where he gave him the name Muruga. While at the Integral Yoga Institute he became friends with pop artist Peter Max, who did the artwork for Muruga's 1970 release of Rama Rama/Endless Path, the first recording that Don Was engineered. In January 1970, Booker played several songs with John Lee Hooker on a TV show called Detroit Tube Works, syndicated and aired on TV stations all over the United States. In the early 1970s Booker played with Ted Nugent, who referred to him in an interview as "dangerous and incredible" on drums. A song, the result of a jam session with Nugent ended up becoming "Stranglehold", based around a drum beat and song of Booker's. In November 1971, he recorded with Allen Ginsberg and Bob Dylan on sessions at The Record Plant, New York, NY, the resulting recordings were included on several releases by Ginsberg, including First Blues and Ginsberg's box-set release Holy Soul Jelly Roll: Poems & Songs.
The engineer on the sessions with Ginsberg and Dylan was Jack Douglas. In 1971, Muruga met Darius Brubeck, the son of jazz pianist Dave Brubeck, along with clarinetist Perry Robinson they formed the electronic experimental trio MBR. In 1972, they recorded the album Chaplin's Back which featured reinterpreted music compositions by actor Charlie Chaplin. In 1973, Muruga joined the Darius Brubeck Ensemble, along with Perry Robinson. At that time, Dave Brubeck decided that he wanted his sons Darius and Chris Brubeck and their bands to tour with him, to open for his band the Dave Brubeck Quartet. Muruga toured as part of the Darius Brubeck Ensemble, along with Perry Robinson, opened up for, played alongside the quartet, which gave him the opportunity to play with Dave Brubeck, as well as alongside Gerry Mulligan and Paul Desmond and Alan Dawson. Muruga performed and toured with the band at many high-profile concerts, including an appearance at Carnegie Hall in New York, NY. In 1973 and 1974, he recorded with Weather Report on their albums Sweetnighter and Mysterious Traveller.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s Booker lived in New York City and played with David Peel on several projects including "King of Punk" and "Death to Disco". While recording "Junk Rock" with David Peel, Muruga recorded for the first time with the Nada Drum that he invented. In 1980 he moved back to Detroit, where he connected with funk legend George Clinton and became an official member of the P-Funk All-Stars, his band at that time and the Soda Jerks, with Sly Stone on bass guitar, was recorded and produced by George Clinton and he appeared on many Parliament-Funkadelic and P-Funk All-Stars recordings, related projects. Booker continues to work with George Clinton and play with the P-Funk All Stars as his schedule allows. In mid-1985 he moved to Oakland and formed the band Muruga UFM, which included Big Brother and the Holding Company guitarist James Gurley. In 1989, he recorded with Prem Das on the drum meditation album Journey of the Drums, as well as two other trance drumming recordings, that he released on his Musart record label.
In 1990 he met Merl Saunders and they formed Merl Saunders and the Rainforest Band and recorded with Jerry Garcia, on the album Blues From the Rainforest. They toured to support the album with Steve Kimock on guitar, John Popper on harmonica, recorded Fiesta Amazonica, a 2 CD live recording called Save
George Bernard "Bernie" Worrell, Jr. was an American keyboardist and composer best known as a founding member of Parliament-Funkadelic and for his work with Talking Heads. He is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with fifteen other members of Parliament-Funkadelic. Worrell was described by Jon Pareles of The New York Times as "the kind of sideman, as influential as some bandleaders." Worrell was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, grew up in Plainfield, New Jersey, where his family moved when he was eight. A musical prodigy, he wrote a concerto at age eight, he went on to study at the Juilliard School and received a degree from the New England Conservatory of Music in 1967. As a college student, Worrell played with a group called The Turnpikes. After meeting George Clinton, leader of a Plainfield-based doo wop group called The Parliaments, Clinton, The Parliaments and their backing band, The Funkadelics, moved to Detroit, Michigan. During the 1970s the same group of musicians separately recorded under the names Parliament and Funkadelic, but toured as P-Funk.
Worrell played grand piano, Wurlitzer electric piano, Hohner Clavinet, Hammond B3 organ, ARP String Ensemble and Moog synthesizer, co-wrote, wrote horn and rhythm arrangements on hit recordings for both groups and other associated bands under the "Parliafunkadelicment Thang" production company, many of his most notable performances were recorded with Bootsy's Rubber Band, The Brides of Funkenstein and The Horny Horns. Worrell recorded a 1978 solo album, All the Woo in the World, with the musical backing of P-Funk's members. While funk musicians traditionally utilized electric keyboards, such as the Hammond organ and Fender Rhodes electric piano, Worrell was the second recipient of the Moog synthesizer created by Bob Moog. Responsible for creating Parliament's futuristic sound, Worrell's use of the Minimoog bass on the Parliament song "Flash Light", on 1977's Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome influenced the sound of R&B music and served as a bridge between American R&B and the insurgence of new wave, new age and techno.
He used the ARP Pro Soloist as well. Worrell's synthesizer work is prominent on the majority of Parliament's most popular songs throughout the 1970s, most notably "Mothership Connection" and "Give Up the Funk" from Mothership Connection and "Aqua Boogie" from Motor Booty Affair; when Parliament-Funkadelic took a hiatus from touring in the early 1980s, Worrell was recruited, along with other musicians from differing musical genres such as guitarist Adrian Belew, to perform and record with Talking Heads. Worrell's feel for different arrangements enhanced the overall sound of the band. Though he never joined Talking Heads, he was a de facto member of the group for most of the'80s, appearing on one of their studio albums, several solo albums, two tours until they disbanded in 1991. Worrell can be seen in the band's concert film Stop Making Sense. Notably, Worrell was invited to perform with Talking Heads as part of their 2002 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 1983, Worrell provided keyboard parts for Mtume's hit song "Juicy Fruit".
Worrell co-produced Fred Schneider's 1984 solo album Fred Schneider and the Shake Society and played keyboards and synthesizers on some of the album's tracks.. From the late 1980s through the 2010s, Worrell recorded extensively with Bill Laswell, including Sly and Robbie's Laswell-produced Rhythm Killers and the 1985 Fela Kuti album Army Arrangement. Worrell performed with Gov't Mule. Through the beginning of the 21st century, he became a visible member of the jam band scene, performing in many large summer music festivals, sometimes billed as Bernie Worrell and the Woo Warriors, he appeared on several Jack Bruce albums, including A Question of Time, Cities of the Heart and More Jack than God. In 1994, Worrell appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool; the album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in the African-American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by TIME Magazine. Worrell joined the rock group Black Jack Johnson, with Mos Def, Will Calhoun, Doug Wimbish and Dr. Know.
He appears with the band on Mos Def's 2004 release The New Danger. Worrell joined forces with bass legend Les Claypool, guitarist Buckethead and drummer Bryan Mantia to form the group Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains. In 2009, he joined longtime Parliament-Funkadelic guitarist DeWayne "Blackbyrd" McKnight, bassist Melvin Gibbs and drummer J. T. Lewis to form the band SociaLybrium, their album For You/For Us/For All was released on Livewired Music in January 2010. Worrell appeared in the 2004 documentary film Moog with synthesizer pioneer Bob Moog and several other Moog synthesizer musicians. In 2011, he toured with another major figure from Parliament-Funkadelic. From 2011 through 2015, Worrell performed with the Bernie Worrell Orchestra; the band became known for the appearance of special guests at live performances, including Bootsy Collins, Tina Weymouth, Chris Frantz, Jimmy Destri, Mike Watt, Rah Digga and Gary Lucas. In 2012 and 2013, Worrell played a series of concerts with guitarist Steve Kimock, bassist Andy Hess, vocalist-percussionist Camille Armstrong.
Kimock's son John Morgan Kimock played drums for the group in 2013. Worrell worked on the Seattle-based Khu.éex' project fusing traditional Tlingit music with funk and experimental
Jerome Eugene "Bigfoot" Brailey is an American drummer, best known for his work with P-Funk, which included the bands Parliament and numerous related projects. Brailey is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with fifteen other members of Parliament-Funkadelic. Jerome Brailey started performing around 1968 with the R&B group The Unifics, The Five Stairsteps, than The Chambers Brothers. George Clinton saw Jerome performing with The Chambers Brothers and invited him to join the Funk Mob after witnessing his style and finesse on drums, he join the P-Funk collective in 1975 during the time he co-wrote one of Parliament's biggest hits, “Give Up the Funk" with Clinton and Bootsy Collins while playing on many of Parliament-Funkadelic's most popular recordings. Brailey left the P-Funk organization in 1978 due to bad management by producer George Clinton and began working with Glenn Goins, who had left P-Funk and started productions on the funk group Quazar which featured Glenn's brother Kevin Goins on vocals.
Brailey and Goins conceived a band called Mutiny as they were finalizing the Quazar album for Arista Records. He established Mutiny and signed to Columbia Records. “Mutiny on the Mamaship” the debut album, follow by “Funk Plus The One” both produced by Jerome Brailey while working alongside guitarist Donald “Lenny” Holmes and bassist Raymone Carter were the makings of collectable recordings. The albums were not far removed from the classic P-Funk style, with emphasis placed on dual lead guitar works, they were seen as successful in musical terms, though some critics complained about the lack of originality but the quality of those recordings were recognized by many. Another collection of recordings, “A Night Out With The Boys”, Aftershock 2005 and Funk Road all under the group Mutiny's umbrella were introduced to the public with positive vibes and energy. Jerome is noted for his drum style on hit recordings such as The Unifics “Court of Love” and The Five Stairsteps “Ooh Child”, his drum arrangements on the single "Do That Stuff", from the Parliament album The Clones of Dr. Funkenstein, in recent have been sampled by Kendrick Lamar on "The Heart Pt.3 and by Childish Gambino on “Boogieman" a single taken from his third studio album, "Awaken, My Love".
The Rolling Stone list of “The 100 Greatest Drummers of All Time” chose Jerome “Bigfoot” Brailey as #68 for his steady kick drum, shifty hi-hat action and intricately unpredictable snare patterns. He appeared as a session drummer with a diverse group of artists including Keith Richards, Bill Laswell, James Blood Ulmer, Dave Stewart, Lucky Peterson during his career; the Mothership, the iconic stage prop made famous by legendary funk collective Parliament-Funkadelic, has been acquired by the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, DC where it will help anchor a permanent music exhibition at the museum in 2016. Each year the Grammy Award Hall Of Fame celebrates a class of outstanding recordings at least 25 years old that exhibits qualitative or historical significance and in its 2018 class “Flash Light” by Parliament was add to the Hall list of classic recordings. Smith and Hay's release two CD's, Jazz & Jazz during a series of recordings in 2017 which featured Jerome Bigfoot on many of the songs.
Jazz charted and became the number one Billboard Jazz album in the country in January 2018. With a signature for foot and snare connections during the impact years with Parliament-Funkadelic, The Recording Academy awarded and announced in December 2018 that the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award will be presented to P-Funk members on May 11, 2019 in Los Angeles, CA. for their creative contributions in music. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame just listed the 50 greatest drummers in the Hall naming Jerome Bigfoot #48, revealing his drum style kept Parliament-Funkadelic rooted in the old-school, James Brown-style funk on tracks like "Give Up the Funk". Parliament: Mothership Connection Funkadelic: Tales of Kidd Funkadelic Funkadelic: Hardcore Jollies Parliament: The Clones of Dr. Funkenstein Fuzzy Haskins: A Whole Nother Thang Parliament: Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome Bootsy's Rubber Band: Ahh... The Name Is Bootsy, Baby! Eddie Hazel: Games and Guitar Thangs Parliament: Live: P-Funk Earth Tour Fred Wesley and the Horny Horns featuring Maceo Parker: A Blow for Me, a Toot to You Funkadelic: One Nation Under a Groove The Brides of Funkenstein: Funk or Walk Fuzzy Haskins: Radio Active Bernie Worrell: All the Woo in the World Parlet: Pleasure Principle Fred Wesley And The Horny Horns: Say Blow by Blow Backwards Mutiny on the Mamaship Funk Plus the One A Night Out with the Boys Aftershock 2005 How's Your Loose Booty?
Funk Rd. Mutiny "Right Move" Five Stairsteps & Cubie Featuring Clarence Jr. – "The Shadow Of Your Love / Bad News" The Five Stairsteps "Ooh Child" Sittin In At The Court Of Love Billy Bass Nelson: Out of the Dark Funkadelic: Music for Your Mother Liu Sola: Blues in the East Buckethead: Giant Robot Parliament: Greatest Hits 1972-1993 Bootsy Back in the Day: The Best of Bootsy Tawl Ross: a.k.a. Detrimental Vasoline The Best of Parliament: Give Up the Funk (1
William Earl "Bootsy" Collins is an American musician and singer-songwriter. Rising to prominence with James Brown in the early 1970s, with Parliament-Funkadelic, Collins's driving bass guitar and humorous vocals established him as one of the leading names in funk, he is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with 15 other members of Parliament-Funkadelic. Collins was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on October 26, 1951, he said that his mother named him "Bootsy". "I asked her why," he explained to a journalist, "and she just said,'Because you looked like a Bootsy.' I left it at that."His brother Phelps "Catfish" Collins was a musician. He and Bootsy were once part of The Pacemakers. Bootsy Collins has maintained a strong connection with Cincinnati. With his elder brother Phelps "Catfish" Collins, Frankie "Kash" Waddy, Philippé Wynne, Collins formed a funk band, The Pacemakers, in 1968. In March 1970, after most of the members of James Brown's band quit over a pay dispute, The Pacemakers were hired as Brown's backing band and they became known as The J.
B.'s. Although they worked for Brown for only 11 months, the original J. B.'s played on some of Brown's most intense funk recordings, including "Get Up Sex Machine", "Bewildered", "Super Bad", "Soul Power", "Talkin' Loud and Sayin' Nothing", two instrumental singles, the much-sampled "The Grunt" and "These Are the J. B.'s". In regards to his tenure working for James Brown, Bootsy stated: "He treated me like a son, and being out of a fatherless home, I needed that father figure and he played up to it. I mean, Good Lord; every night after we played a show, he called us back to give us a lecture about how horrible we sounded. “Nah, not on it, son. I didn’t hear the one. You didn’t give me the one.” He would tell me this at every show. One night, we knew we wasn’t sounding good – we were off – and he calls us back there and said, “Uh huh, now that’s what I’m talkin’ about. Y’all was on it tonight. Y’all hit the one.” My brother and I looked at each other like, “This mother has got to be crazy.” We knew in our soul that we wasn't all that on that show.
So I started figuring out his game, man. By telling me that I wasn’t on it, he made me practice harder. So I just absorbed what he said and used it in a positive way." After parting ways with James Brown, Collins returned to Cincinnati and formed House Guests with his brother Phelps Collins, Rufus Allen, Clayton "Chicken" Gunnels, Frankie Waddy, Ronnie Greenaway and Robert McCullough. The House Guests released "What So Never the Dance" and another single on the House Guests label, as well as a third as The Sound of Vision on the House Guests label. Next Collins moved to Detroit, after Philippé Wynne suggested joining The Spinners, for whom Wynne had been singing. However, following the advice of singer and future Parliament member Mallia Franklin, Collins had another choice. Franklin there introduced both Collins brothers to George Clinton, 1972 saw both of the Collins brothers, along with Waddy, join Funkadelic. Collins played bass on most of Funkadelic and all of Parliament's albums through the early 1980s, garnering several songwriting credits as well.
In 1976 Collins, Waddy, Joel Johnson, Gary "Mudbone" Cooper, Robert Johnson and The Horny Horns formed Bootsy's Rubber Band, a separate touring unit of Clinton's P-Funk collective. The group recorded five albums together, the first three of which are considered to be among the quintessential P-Funk recordings; the group's 1978 album Bootsy? Player of the Year reached the top of the R&B album chart and spawned the #1 R&B single "Bootzilla". Like Clinton, Collins took on several alter egos, from Casper the Funky Ghost to Bootzilla, "the world's only rhinestone rockstar monster of a doll", all as parts of the evolving character of an alien rock star who grew more bizarre as time went on, he adopted his trademark "space bass" around this time. Collins released two 1980 albums, his first "solo" album "Ultra-Wave", Sweat Band, on George Clinton's Uncle Jam label with a group billed as Bootsy's Sweat Band, he was credited for co-producing the debut of P-Funk spinoff Zapp. In 1984, he collaborated with Jerry Harrison of Talking Heads to produce "Five Minutes", a dance record sampled and edited from Ronald Reagan's infamous "We begin bombing in five minutes" speech.
The record was credited to "Bonzo goes to Washington". After a nearly five-year hiatus, he had a comeback in 1988. What's Bootsy Doin'? Flaunted a new sound that foreshadowed the 1990s, such as the dance floor smash "Party on Plastic". Laswell introduced Collins to Herbie Hancock; the techno-funk they recorded featured turntables for scratch appeal, the smoothly-stylized vocals of Leroy "Sugarfoot" Bonner of chart-topping Ohio Players. These were the first of many collaborations between Laswell and Collins on many albums and projects, with the prolific producer using Bootsy as a bassist but sometimes as a rhythm guitarist. In 1990, Collins collaborated with Deee-Lite on their biggest hit "Groove Is in the Heart", he contributed additional vocals. Although he appeared in the music video playing the bass, the bassline in the song is a sample of a Herbie Hancock song called "Bring Down the Birds"
DeWayne "Blackbyrd" McKnight is an American guitarist. He was a member of The Headhunters, a jazz-funk fusion band from 1975 through 1978 and Parliament-Funkadelic from 1978 though 2008, he served as guitarist for the Red Hot Chili Peppers after the death of Hillel Slovak in 1988 though was replaced by John Frusciante. He played with Miles Davis in 1986. 1973 Charles Lloyd - Geeta 1975 Herbie Hancock - Flood 1975 The Headhunters - Survival of the Fittest 1977 The Headhunters - Straight from the Gate 1979 Funkadelic - Uncle Jam Wants You 1979 Parliament - Gloryhallastoopid 1979 The Brides Of Funkenstein - Never Buy Texas from a Cowboy 1981 Funkadelic - The Electric Spanking of War Babies 1983 George Clinton - You Shouldn't-Nuf Bit Fish 1983 P-Funk All-Stars- Urban Dancefloor Guerillas 1985 George Clinton - Some of My Best Jokes Are Friends 1985 Jimmy G and the Tackheads - Federation of Tackheads 1986 George Clinton - R&B Skeletons in the Closet 1988 INCorporated Thang Band - Lifestyles of the Roach and Famous 1989 George Clinton - The Cinderella Theory 1990 Mr. Fiddler - With Respect 1990 P-Funk All-Stars - Live at the Beverly Theater 1992 Foley - 7 Years Ago...
Directions in Smart-Alec Music 1993 George Clinton - Hey Man, Smell My Finger 1993 Parliament-Funkadelic/P-Funk All-Stars - Dope Dogs 1993 George Clinton and the P-Funk All-Stars- Go Fer Yer Funk 1994 Red Hot Chili Peppers- Out In L. A. appears on the song "Blues for Meister" 1994 P-Funk Guitar Army - Tributes to Jimi Hendrix 1995 Parliament-Funkadelic/P-Funk All-Stars - Police Doggy 1995 Axiom Funk - Funkcronomicon 1996 George Clinton and the P-Funk All-Stars - T. A. P. O. A. F. O. M. 2005 George Clinton and the P-Funk All-Stars - How Late Do U Have 2BB4UR Absent? 2007 Funkadelic - By Way of the Drum 2008 Fred Hamm - "Free Music Reunion" appears on the song "Wanna" 2009'Bout Funkin' Time—Solo Album 2014 Funkadelic - "First Ya Gotta Shake the Gate" 2018 Parliament - "Medicaid Fraud Dogg"
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Atlantic Records founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegun. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home. Founder Ahmet Ertegun assembled a team that included attorney Suzan Evans, Rolling Stone magazine editor and publisher Jann S. Wenner, attorney Allen Grubman, record executives Seymour Stein, Bob Krasnow, Noreen Woods; the Foundation began inducting artists in 1986. The search committee considered several cities, including Philadelphia, Detroit, New York City, Cleveland. Cleveland lobbied for the museum, with civic leaders in Cleveland pledging $65 million in public money to fund the construction, citing that WJW disc jockey Alan Freed both coined the term "rock and roll" and promoted the new genre—and that Cleveland was the location of Freed's Moondog Coronation Ball credited as the first major rock and roll concert.
Freed was a member of the hall of fame's inaugural class of inductees in 1986. In addition, Cleveland cited radio station WMMS, which played a key role in breaking several major acts in the U. S. during the 1970s and 1980s, including David Bowie, who began his first U. S. tour in the city, Bruce Springsteen, Roxy Music, Rush among many others. A petition drive was signed by 600,000 fans favoring Cleveland over Memphis, Cleveland ranked first in a 1986 USA Today poll asking where the Hall of Fame should be located. On May 5, 1986, the Hall of Fame Foundation chose Cleveland as the permanent home of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Author Peter Guralnick said. Cleveland may have been chosen as the organization's site because the city offered the best financial package; as The Plain Dealer music critic Michael Norman noted, "It was $65 million... Cleveland wanted it here and put up the money." Co-founder Jann Wenner said, "One of the small sad things is we didn't do it in New York in the first place," but added, "I am delighted that the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is in Cleveland."
During early discussions on where to build the Hall of Fame and Museum, the Foundation's board considered the Cuyahoga River. The chosen location was along East Ninth Street in downtown Cleveland by Lake Erie, east of Cleveland Stadium. At one point in the planning phase, when a financing gap existed, planners proposed locating the Rock Hall in the then-vacant May Company Building, but decided to commission architect I. M. Pei to design a new building. Initial CEO Dr. Larry R. Thompson facilitated I. M. Pei in designs for the site. Pei came up with the idea of a tower with a glass pyramid protruding from it; the museum tower was planned to stand 200 ft high, but had to be cut down to 162 ft due to its proximity to Burke Lakefront Airport. The building's base is 150,000 square feet; the groundbreaking ceremony took place on June 7, 1993. Pete Townshend, Chuck Berry, Billy Joel, Sam Phillips, Ruth Brown, Sam Moore of Sam and Dave, Carl Gardner of the Coasters and Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum all appeared at the groundbreaking.
The museum was dedicated on September 1, 1995, with the ribbon being cut by an ensemble that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard, among others, before a crowd of more than 10,000 people. The following night an all-star concert was held at the stadium, it featured Chuck Berry, Bob Dylan, Al Green, Jerry Lee Lewis, Aretha Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Iggy Pop, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp, many others. In addition to the Hall of Fame inductees, the museum documents the entire history of rock and roll, regardless of induction status. Hall of Fame inductees are honored in a special exhibit located in a wing that juts out over Lake Erie. Since 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has selected new inductees; the formal induction ceremony has been held in New York City 26 times. As of 2018, the induction ceremonies alternate each year between New Cleveland; the 2009 and 2012 induction weeks were made possible by a public–private partnership between the City of Cleveland, the State of Ohio, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, local foundations, civic organizations and individuals.
Collectively these entities invested $5.8 million in 2009 and $7.9 million in 2012 to produce a week of events, including free concerts, a gospel celebration, exhibition openings, free admission to the museum, induction ceremonies filled with both fans and VIPs at Public Hall. Millions viewed the television broadcast of the Cleveland inductions; the economic impact of the 2009 induction week activities was more than $13 million, it provided an additional $20 million in media exposure for the region. The 2012 induction week yielded similar results. There are seven levels in the building. On the lower level is the Ahmet M. Ertegun Exhibition Hall, the museum's main gallery, it includes exhibits on the roots of roll. It featu