Paradise Now is a 2005 film directed by Hany Abu-Assad about two Palestinian men preparing for a suicide attack in Israel. It won a Golden Globe for best foreign film and was nominated for an Academy Award in the same category. The film is a point of view of that political issue. The politicians want to see it as black and white and evil, paradise Now follows Palestinian childhood friends Said and Khaled who live in Nablus and have been recruited for suicide attacks in Tel Aviv. It focuses on what would be their last days together and their handlers from an unidentified resistance group tell them the attack will take place the next day. The pair record videos glorifying God and their cause, and bid their families and loved ones goodbye. The next day, they shave off their hair and beards and their cover story is that they are going to a wedding. An explosive belt is attached to each man, the handlers are the ones with the keys needed to remove the belts without detonating them. They cross the Israeli border, but have to flee from guards, Khaled returns to their handlers, who have fled by the time Said arrives.
The handlers remove Khaleds explosive belt and issue a search for Said, Khaled believes he is the best person to find Said since he knows him well, and he is given until the end of that day to find him. After Said escapes from the guards, he approaches an Israeli settlement, at one point, he considers detonating the bomb on a commercial bus, but he decides not to when he sees a child on board. Eventually, Said reveals his reason for taking part in the suicide bombing. While in a car with Suha, a woman he has fallen in love with — who plays the role of the doubter or the mens conscience — he explains that his father was an ameel and he blames the Israelis for taking advantage of his fathers weakness. Khaled eventually finds Said, who is wearing the belt. They return to the handlers, and Said convinces them that the attack need not be canceled and they both travel to Tel Aviv. Influenced by Suha, who discovered their plan, Khaled cancels his suicide attack, Khaled tries to convince Said to back off as well.
However Said manages to shake Khaled by pretending to agree, the film ends with a long shot of Said sitting on a bus carrying Israeli soldiers, slowly zooming in on his eyes, and suddenly cuts to white. Hany Abu-Assad and co-writer Bero Beyer started working on the script in 1999, the original script was about one man searching for his friend, who is a suicide bomber, but it evolved into a story of two friends and Khaled
Amreeka is a 2009 independent film written and directed by first-time director Cherien Dabis. It stars Nisreen Faour, Melkar Muallem, Hiam Abbass, Alia Shawkat, Yussuf Abu-Warda, Joseph Ziegler, Amreeka documents the lives of a Palestinian American family in both the West Bank and Post-9/11 suburban Chicago. It premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival and opened to critical praise at a number of other important venues, national Geographic Entertainment bought all theatrical and home entertainment rights to Amreeka after its debut at Sundance. Muna Farah is a divorced Palestinian Christian mother raising her teenage son Fadi and she works for a bank in Ramallah, part of the West Bank, Palestinian territories. Each day after work, Muna picks up Fadi from school and she lives with her aging mother and has occasional visits from her brother Samer. One day after arriving home, Muna discovers that she has been awarded an American green card through the lottery, although she initially considered declining the offer, Muna reconsiders after she and Fadi are harassed at the checkpoint by Israeli soldiers.
They arrive in the United States shortly after the 2003 invasion of Iraq to stay with her sister’s family in Illinois. After a difficult time with customs, Muna is reunited with her sister, Raghda Halaby, physician brother-in-law Nabeel, however, Muna discovers that a box of cookies was confiscated during the customs search and is horrified, the box contained all of her life savings. Muna thus searches for work, but is disappointed to discover that her multiple degrees and she finally takes a job at White Castle. Too ashamed to tell her family the truth, she pretends to have been hired by the next door to White Castle. She maintains the facade through the help of an employee of the next door to White Castle and her blue-haired high school drop-out co-worker. Meanwhile, Muna begins to discover that her sisters family has been experiencing difficulties in the Post-9/11, the family receives anonymous threats in the mail and Nabeel is continually losing patients from his medical practice. They are behind on their mortgage and risk losing their home, the strain of living in this atmosphere becomes so severe that Raghda and Nabeel temporarily separate and Nabeel moves into the basement of the family home.
Later, when some of the students make derogatory remarks to Fadi, he gets into a fight, shortly after the meeting, Mr. Novatski sees Muna waiting for her sister and insists on driving her to work. He apologizes to her for the behavior of the students towards Fadi saying that they are influenced by the depiction of Muslims. Muna is dismayed by the stereotypes he describes to her and she informs him that she and Fadi are not Muslims, but are rather from a minority community. Embarrassed by his assumption, Mr. Novatski apologizes and says that he is a minority as well as an American Jew whose grandparents were Polish Jews and she is surprised to learn that he is Jewish. Muna asks him to drop her off at the bank but forgets her purse, deciding to have a meal there, they discover that they are both divorced
The Sons of Eilaboun
The film tells the story of the Palestinian exodus of 1948 in Eilaboun, a village in the Northern Galilee between Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee. In the incident, fourteen men were killed and twelve of them were executed, the villagers were expelled to Lebanon and became refugees for few months, before managing to return clandestinely. The film is the story of the film makers family, gilad Atzmon, an Israeli-born British, political activist and writer, wrote in an article, Zreiq manages to deliver a very deep and authentic reading of Palestinian history. He manages to portray the emotional impact of the Nakba on those who survived the horror. The film starts with Melia Zreiq, an old woman from Eilaboun, saying, I hope God will bring peace to this land, I hope there will be peace. Historian Ilan Pappe talks about Plan Dalet, a plan that David Ben-Gurion, Pappe discusses the details of the plan, and how was it carried out. On October 30,1948, the Israeli army entered Eilaboun at approximately 5 AM and they forced the villagers together in the main square of the village.
Five of them were taken as human shield, and the rest of the twelve were killed and this all happened after the expulsion of the rest of the village to Lebanon, where they became refugees after a five days forced march to Lebanon. After a United Nations peace keeper observed and reported Israel was forced to allow the people back
The film won Best Documentary Feature in the 2004 Tribeca Film Festival. Three of the children died in various operations or while resisting the Israeli army, namely Ala, Nidal. Yussef committed an attack in Hadera in 2001, murdering four civilians. Two other children and Zakaria were imprisoned, the director of the film Juliano Mer Khamis was assassinated in Jenin on 4 April 2011 by masked militants. Film website Arnas Children at the Internet Movie Database
3000 Nights is a 2015 internationally co-produced drama film directed by Mai Masri. It was screened in the Contemporary World Cinema section of the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival, the film focuses on a Palestinian woman, who whilst in jail, gives birth to a son. It was selected as the Jordanian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards, Layal is a young schoolteacher who lives with her husband, Farid in the occupied West Bank town of Nablus, Palestine. They are preparing to leave for Canada in search of a new life when Layal is arrested, Layal is transferred to a high-security Israeli women’s prison where she encounters a terrifying world in which Palestinian political prisoners are incarcerated with Israeli criminal inmates. After witnessing a confrontation between the two sides and being attacked by a female drug addict, Layal discovers that she is pregnant. Her husband doesn’t want her to have their child in prison, the prison director, Ruti pressures Layal to abort the baby and spy on the Palestinian inmates.
Traumatized and betrayed, Layal hits rock bottom but with the support of the women around her, she finds the strength to stand up for herself and fight to have her child. Layal goes into labour and is taken in chains to a hospital where she gives birth to a baby boy she names Nour. As she struggles to raise her son behind bars, she manages to find a sense of hope, at the infirmary in the men’s section of the penitentiary, she meets Ayman, an imprisoned Palestinian doctor who helps her cope and find love again. Prison conditions deteriorate and the Palestinian women decide to launch a hunger strike. Ruti warns Layal against joining the strike and threatens to take Nour away, rihan, a Palestinian inmate who is secretly working with the prison authorities, urges Layal to collaborate with Ruti. Layal is terrified of losing her son but in a moment of truth overcomes her fear, the guards are sent in to take Nour from her by force. Layal barricades herself with the women inside their cells, armed soldiers in gas masks storm the prison and subdue the women with clubs and tear gas.
Ayman and the male prisoners join the rebellion, the women succeed in realizing their demands and several prisoners are released but Layal is not among them. She is condemned to serve her full prison term and she must find the strength to fight for herself, her child, and the day they will be reunited
Omar is a 2013 Palestinian drama film directed by Hany Abu-Assad. It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival where it won the Special Jury Prize and it was shown at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival. The film was selected as the Palestinian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards and it won Best Feature Film at the 2013 Asian Pacific Screen Awards. The film was screened at the United Nations in New York on 1 May 2014, Omar is a Palestinian baker who frequently climbs the West Bank barrier to visit his lover Nadia, a high-school girl whom he intends to marry. After being beaten and humiliated by a group of Israeli soldiers and his childhood friends Tarek, during the attack, Amjad shoots and kills an Israeli soldier. Later and his friends are subsequently pursued by the Israeli authorities, during the pursuit, Omar is captured and imprisoned by the Israeli authorities. Facing a lengthy term, Omar is forcibly coerced by an Israeli agent named Rami into working as a double agent for the Israeli authorities.
Agent Rami secures Omars release in exchange for the latter bringing Tarek to the authorities, due to his early release, Omar is stigmatized by many in his community as a suspected collaborator. Omars predicament is complicated by the fact that his lover Nadia is Tareks sister. Due to Omars delays in keeping his side of the bargain, during his imprisonment, he makes a second deal with Agent Rami in order to find out who is betraying the Palestinian militants. Omar learns that his friend Amjad is the mole, when confronted, Amjad confesses that Nadia is pregnant with his child and that the Israelis had used that to blackmail him into working for them. Omar forces Amjad to confess to Tarek, during an ensuing struggle between the three men, Tarek is killed when his gun accidentally goes off. With the help of Agent Rami and Amjad managed to hide their involvement in Tareks death, two years later, Omar visits Nadia and finds he was totally betrayed by Amjad who was not having an affair with Nadia and is now married to her with two children.
She still loves him and finds Amjad did not deliver letters she wrote to him before marriage. Then he is revisited by Agent Rami who attempts to him into killing another ringleader. By this stage, Nadia has abandoned her studies and become a mother to two young children. During a meeting with Agent Rami, Omar tricks the former into giving him a gun under the pretext of killing Amjad, Omar instead uses the gun to kill Agent Rami as an easy way out, but the outcome of Amjad is left unclear. After a year of securing finance, filming began at the end of 2012 and took place mainly in Nazareth and the Fara refugee camp. Waleed Zuaiter managed to secure the $2m budget for the film, 5% of which came from Enjaaz, the fund of Dubai International Film Festival
Ajami is a 2009 Israeli Arab drama film. Its plot is set in the Ajami neighborhood of Jaffa, the film contains five story lines, each of which is presented in a non-chronological fashion. Some events are shown multiple times from varying perspectives, a young Israeli Arab boy, who lives in the Ajami neighborhood of Jaffa, narrates the film. In the first story, Nasris neighbor—a teenage boy—is shot to death by a well-known Bedouin clan in a shooting while working on his car. Nasri explains that the target was his older brother Omar. The botched hit was revenge for a loss of one of Bedouin clan members and his younger sister are sent to Jerusalem, while Omar, his mother, and grandfather stay behind. Fearing for his familys safety, Omar seeks protection and guidance from Abu Elias, an affluent restaurant owner, Abu Elias arranges for a three-day ceasefire, and hires a lawyer to represent Omar in tribal court. During this time and his return home. At the conclusion of the session, the judge declares that Omar must pay tens of thousands of dinars—the equivalent of tens of thousands of US dollars—so peace can be restored.
Omar is given three weeks to make good on his payment and his friend Shaata attempt petty crime in order to come up with the finances, but are unsuccessful at bringing in enough money. Omars mother attempts to him to escape with the family. The second story introduces a teenaged boy named Malek who lives in the Palestinian territory of Nablus. Malek is illegally employed in Abu Eliass restaurant, and works out of desperation to make money for his ailing mothers bone marrow transplant surgery. Malek is friends with Omar, who has become a recent employee at the restaurant. It is revealed that Omar, a Muslim, is in love with Abu Eliass daughter Hadir, the third story shows a brief, but violent encounter between an older Jewish man and his three young drug dealing Arab neighbors. The dispute begins when the Jewish man complains to the men that he has not been able to sleep. The disagreement soon escalates, and one of the young men mortally stabs the Jewish man, the three young men go into hiding before the police arrive.
Amongst the policemen who arrive at the scene is an Israeli officer named Dan, viewers learn that Dandos younger brother Yoni has gone missing during his service in the Israeli Defense Forces
Israeli Military Governorate
The governance was based on the Fourth Geneva Convention, which provides guidelines for military rule in occupied areas. East Jerusalem was the exception from this order, and it was effectively added to Jerusalem municipal area as early as 1967. The Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty led Israel to give up the Sinai Peninsula in 1982 and transform the military rule in the Gaza Strip, the Western part of Golan Heights was effectively annexed by Israel the same year, thus abolishing the Military Governorate system entirely. The Six Day War began on June 5,1967, with Israel launching surprise strikes against Egyptian air-fields in response to the mobilization of Egyptian forces on the Israeli border, a period of high tension had preceded the war. N. Buffer force from the Sinai Peninsula, within six days, Israel had won a decisive land war. Israeli forces had control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, from Jordan. The resulting expansion of territory led to the establishment of a government on those territories to run the affairs of Arab populations falling under Israeli military rule.
Overall, Israels territory grew by a factor of three, including one million Arabs placed under Israels direct control in the newly captured territories. East Jerusalem was the exception from this order, and it was effectively added to Jerusalem municipal area as early as 1967. The creation of an administration for the West Bank and Gaza Strip was included within the Camp David Accords signed by Egypt. The nature of civil administration body was defined in Military Order No. 947, by the 1981 military government of the West Bank, the Western part of Golan Heights was effectively annexed to Israel the same year, thus abolishing the Military Governorate system entirely. Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories Official COGAT/MATPASH Website
Chronicle of a Disappearance
Chronicle of a Disappearance is a 1996 drama film by Palestinian director and actor Elia Suleiman. Suleiman stars in the film along with his members, his relatives. The film features no storyline or character arc. The films tone varies through these scenes such as Nazareth Personal Diary, which has a light and domestic tone, and Jerusalem Political Diary, Chronicle of a Disappearance was Suleimans first feature film. It has received critical acclaim and was shown at the 1996 Venice Film Festival. It is divided into two sections, all loosely tied together as the story of Suleimans return to the West Bank. The character of Suleiman in the film is described only as E. S, E. S. returns from a twelve-year exile in New York City and is now in unfamiliar territory. Within the film, no plot or character development emerges. A series of unconnected scenes take place one after the other in documentary film like fashion. The first, and lightest, section is the Nazareth Personal Diary, featuring warm observations of his family, E. S. and the shop owner spend time sitting in front of the stop waiting futilely for tourists to stop by.
A boat full of Arab men fish, as one of the men bashes various Palestinian families that his friend does not belong to while praising the one that his friend does belong to. Suleiman interviews a Russian Orthodox cleric who rails against the tourists polluting the Sea of Galilee, a short middle segment shows E. S. getting up to speak at a conference on Palestinian film making, the microphone immediately begins feeding back and he leaves the podium. The last section, Jerusalem Political Diary, has a quicker narrative pace, the woman, who speaks fluent Hebrew, is told by Jewish landlords that they do not rent to Arabs, while an Arab landlord tells her to live at home in accordance to Islamic tradition. She uses the walkie-talkie to play pranks on the Israeli police. In the last part of the film, the stages a piece in which the police unwittingly participate as a member of a guerrilla theatre group. The end comes after a shot of Sulimans parents sleeping, with all the lights off. He became seriously interested in filmmaking almost by accident, being asked to translate parts of a film by the Lebanese-Canadian filmmaker Jay Salloum.
Suleiman went on to two short films before moving to Jerusalem in 1994, working for Bir Zeit University
State of Palestine
The State of Palestine claims the West Bank and Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as the designated capital. Most of the areas claimed by the State of Palestine have been occupied by Israel since 1967 in the aftermath of the Six-Day War and its independence was declared on 15 November 1988 by the Palestine Liberation Organization in Algiers as a government-in-exile. Since the British Mandate, the term Palestine has been associated with the area that currently covers the State of Israel, the West Bank. In 1947, the UN adopted a plan for a two-state solution in the remaining territory of the mandate. The plan was accepted by the Jewish leadership but rejected by the Arab leaders, on the eve of final British withdrawal, the Jewish Agency for Israel declared the establishment of the State of Israel according to the proposed UN plan. During the war, Israel gained additional territories that were designated to be part of the Arab state under the UN plan, Egypt occupied the Gaza Strip and Transjordan occupied the West Bank.
Egypt initially supported the creation of an All-Palestine Government, but disbanded it in 1959, Transjordan never recognized it and instead decided to incorporate the West Bank with its own territory to form Jordan. The annexation was ratified in 1950 but was rejected by the international community, the Six-Day War in 1967, when Egypt and Syria fought against Israel, ended with Israel being in occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, besides other territories. In 1964, when the West Bank was controlled by Jordan, the Palestinian National Charter of the PLO defines the boundaries of Palestine as the whole remaining territory of the mandate, including Israel. Following the Six-Day War, the PLO moved to Jordan, the October 1974 Arab League summit designated the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and reaffirmed their right to establish an independent state of urgency. In November 1974, the PLO was recognized as competent on all matters concerning the question of Palestine by the UN General Assembly granting them observer status as an entity at the UN.
In spite of this decision, the PLO did not participate at the UN in its capacity of the State of Palestines government, in 1979, through the Camp David Accords, Egypt signaled an end to any claim of its own over the Gaza Strip. In July 1988, Jordan ceded its claims to the West Bank—with the exception of guardianship over Haram al-Sharif—to the PLO, in November 1988, the PLO legislature, while in exile, declared the establishment of the State of Palestine. In the month following, it was recognised by many states, including Egypt. In the Palestinian Declaration of Independence, the State of Palestine is described as being established on the Palestinian territory, the UN membership application submitted by the State of Palestine specified that it is based on the 1967 borders. During the negotiations of the Oslo Accords, the PLO recognised Israels right to exist, after Israel took control of the West Bank from Jordan and Gaza Strip from Egypt, it began to establish Israeli settlements there. These were organised into Judea and Samaria district and Hof Aza Regional Council in the Southern District, in 1980, Israel decided to freeze elections for these councils and to establish instead Village Leagues, whose officials were under Israeli influence.
Later this model became ineffective for both Israel and the Palestinians, and the Village Leagues began to break up, with the last being the Hebron League, dissolved in February 1988