The Chevrolet Master and Master Deluxe are American passenger vehicles manufactured by Chevrolet between 1933 and 1942 to replace the 1933 Eagle. It was the more expensive model in the Chevrolet range at this time, with the Mercury and Standard providing a cheaper and smaller range between 1933 and 1937. From 1940 a more expensive version based on the Master Deluxe was launched called the Special Deluxe; the Master name was used on a number of different versions, the Series name changed each year. The Series CA Master replaced the 1933 Eagle midway through the model year when the 1933 Standard model was introduced. Several changes were made to the Eagle; the easiest to identify is the post between the front door wing windows and the roll down windows. On the Eagle the chrome divider between these two windows goes down as the window goes down, where as on the Master this divider remains fixed and does not go down with the window; the Series DA Master replaced the 1933 Eagle, with an increased wheelbase of 112 in.
This increased the difference with the cheaper Standard wheelbase to 5 in. Powered by an upgraded version of the "Stovebolt Six", 206 cu in six-cylinder engine, now producing 80 hp; the Master underwent a redesign. The Master now replaced the lower priced Standard Six, while the more luxurious new Master Deluxe edged the range upwards; the vehicle was shared with the Pontiac Deluxe. The Master and Master Deluxe sold well, with 302,728 respectively; the Master returned for 1939. The Master Deluxe was now the JA, while the base model was renamed the Master 85. A station wagon was offered; the Master continued to be available in Master 85 as well as the more upscale "Master Deluxe" model. The better equipped "Special Deluxe" appeared for the 1940 model year; this was the last series of trucks and medium-duty vehicles that shared an appearance with Chevrolet passenger coupes and sedans, were replaced with the AK Series trucks. Chevrolet Master Deluxe GA was a personal auto of Yanka Kupala. Masters history at secondchancegarage.com GM Heritage Center 1938 Chevrolet Master
The Chevrolet Chevette is a front-engine, rear-drive subcompact manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet for model years 1976-1987 as a three-door or five-door hatchback. Introduced in September 1975, the Chevette superseded the Vega as Chevrolet's entry-level subcompact, sold 2.8 million units over 12 years. The Chevette was the best-selling small car in the U. S. for model years 1979 and 1980. The Chevette employed General Motors' global T platform. Worldwide, GM manufactured and marketed more than 7 million T-cars — rebadged variants using the T platform — including the Pontiac Acadian in Canada, Pontiac T1000/1000 in the United States, K-180 in Argentina, Vauxhall Chevette, Opel Kadett, Isuzu Gemini, Holden Gemini, as a coupe utility, the Chevy 500. A T-car variant remained in production in South America through 1998. Introduced on a full-color nationwide campaign in 140-50 of the country's largest daily papers, the New York Times said the "little American car holds its own with the foreigners."
Looking back on the Chevette in 2011, the same publication called the Chevette "haphazardly made, sparsely trimmed and underpowered." Consumer Guide described the Chevette as “unimaginative to an extreme.” Under the direction of chief engineer John Mowrey, Chevrolet began developing the Chevette on December 24, 1973. It was a response to the 1973 oil crisis; the Chevette was prompted by GM's Energy Task Force, which arose out of the crisis and the resultant shift in consumer demand to smaller, foreign vehicles boasting greater fuel efficiency. The Chevette used as its basis GM's World Car, "Project 909" — what would become the T-car program, so named because the vehicles shared GM's T platform. With the well-known problems of its predecessor, the Vega, which included production issues, reliability problems, a serious propensity for corrosion, the team reworked the international platform such that the Chevette shared not a single body panel with another T-car and reworked the underbody extensively to enhance corrosion protection.
The Chevette's 1.4-liter base iron-block engine weighed 59 lb less than the Vega's much-heralded aluminum-block engine. The Chevette was launched on September 16, 1975, in Washington, DC, just after new legislation-mandated Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards. With initial projected sales of 275,000 units in its first year, numbers were cut in half as the price of oil stabilized; the Chevette reached 2,793,353 sales for its entire production across the 12 model years 1976-1988. Global T-car sales surpassed 7 million in the end; the last Chevette was manufactured on December 23, 1986, at Lakewood Assembly — following the end of production at Wilmington Assembly in September, 1985. The last Chevette manufactured was a light-blue two-door hatchback shipped to a Chevrolet dealer in Springdale, Ohio; the T-car had been launched internationally in Brazil under the Chevette name in 1973, as a two-door sedan and a four-door sedan, a two-door hatchback, a two-door station wagon, as well as a pickup, produced until 1994.
The Chevette itself was available only as a two-door hatchback with a 1.4-liter OHV or 1.6-liter OHC gasoline inline-four engine. Engines produced from 53 to 60 horsepower. A four-speed manual transmission was standard, while a three-speed automatic transmission was optional. Other features included rack-and-pinion steering, front disc brakes, front stabilizer bar, 13-inch tires, tricolor taillights, front bucket seats, an onboard diagnostic system, extensive acoustic insulation, a single steering column-mounted stalk and optional swing-out rear quarter windows. Front seats featured inertia locking mechanisms that enabled entry and exit adjustment of the front seatback without using a separate release. Pontiac marketed a rebadged variant in Canada as the "Acadian". In addition to being the smallest, most fuel-efficient car marketed by Chevrolet, the Chevette was the lightest car marketed in the U. S; the EPA rated the base 1.4-liter engine at 28 miles per US gallon city and 40 miles per US gallon highway.
Chevrolet claimed that the Chevette's turning circle was one of the smallest in the world and that it was a "metric" car, "international in design and heritage". The 1976-1978 Chevettes can be identified by round headlights and chrome-rimmed, tricolor taillights. Chevrolet marketed optional "Rally" and "Woody" packages, as well as the least expensive "Scooter" model; the Rally 1.6 included a 1.6-liter engine in lieu of the 1.4-liter overhead-cam four-cylinder, rated at 60 hp instead of 52 hp, along with a rear stabilizer and special body graphics. The Chevette Woody featured upgraded interior and exterior trim; the Scooter was offered as a base model with a $2,899 suggested retail price, two front passenger seats, an optional rear seat, deletion of most exterior chrome, painted rather than chrome bumpers, an open glove box, black carpeting, door pull straps in lieu of arm rests, fiberboard door panels, a passenger seat without fore-aft adjustment. A total of 9,810 Scooter models were manufactured, compared to 178,007 regular hatchbacks.
In 1977, the engines offered were 63 hp. The Scooter hatchback included a rear seat, while offering a rear seat delete option; the Sandpiper trim package included a “reef”-patterned interior, deluxe door trim, cream gold or antique white exterior colors, an exterior Sandpiper logo just behind
The Pontiac Bonneville was an automobile built by Pontiac from 1957 to 2005. Bonnevilles were full-sized, with the exception of a brief period of mid-size between 1982-86; the brand was introduced as a limited production performance convertible during the 1957 model year. The Bonneville, its platform partner, the Grand Ville, are some of the largest Pontiacs built, they came with a Jetaway 315 and were available as hearses. The Bonneville name first appeared in 1954 on a pair of bubble-topped GM Motorama concept cars called the Bonneville Special, sharing an appearance with the Chevrolet Corvette, it entered the production lineup as a high-performance, fuel-injected luxury convertible version of the Star Chief in 1957, was loaded with every available option as standard equipment with the exception of air conditioning and a continental kit. This put the Bonneville in a Cadillac-like price range of $5,782.00 - more than double the base price of the Chieftain on which it was built, with the result being a equipped Bonneville could cost more than a larger, entry-level Cadillac.
Only 630 units were produced that first year, making it one of the most collectible Pontiacs of all time. The following year it became a separate model, it would endure until 2005 as the division's top-of-the-line model; the name was taken from the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, the site of much early auto racing and most of the world's land speed record runs, named in turn after U. S. Army officer Benjamin Bonneville. Bonneville became a separate model in 1958, available as a convertible, it paced the Indianapolis 500 in its first year. As a separate model Bonneville had a lower price tag of around $3,000 thanks to the demotion of most of the luxury items found on the 1957 Star Chief bodystyle from standard equipment to the option list. A 300 horsepower 370 cubic inches V8 with four-barrel carburetor and dual exhausts was now standard equipment; the fuel-injection system offered with the standard engine on the 1957 Star Chief bodystyle was now listed as an extra cost option but few 1958 Bonnevilles were so equipped due to a towering price tag of over $5000 USD, not considered a good value considering that for less than $100 USD, a Tri-Power option was available with three two-barrel carburetors and more power.
The electric clock was standard. For 1958, GM was promoting their fiftieth year of production, introduced Anniversary models for each brand; the 1958 models shared a common appearance on the top models for each brand. In its third year, the 1959 Bonneville became a full top-line series with the addition of the four-door hardtop sedan and Safari station wagon body styles; the Bonneville played an important part that year in the introduction of two of Pontiac's greatest marketing inspirations — the split grille and the Wide Track slogan. The latter was not just ad copy, either, as Pontiac pushed its wheels further out toward the fenders than anyone else and created what were considered to be the best-cornering full-size cars in the industry. Both the grille design and the Wide Track phrase remained part of Pontiac's image up to its termination. A "Safe-T-Track" differential, used to minimize wheel spin, was an option beginning in 1959; the Bonneville remained Pontiac's costliest and most luxurious model throughout the 1960s and was instrumental in pushing Pontiac to third place in sales from 1962 to 1970.
The distinctive protruding grille made its appearance on all Pontiac products during the early 1960s, was a modern revival of a similar appearance on Pontiac products during the 1930s and early 1940s, as demonstrated on the Pontiac Torpedo. The Bonneville differed from its lesser Catalina and Star Chief counterparts by featuring more luxurious interior trim with upgraded cloth and Morrokide vinyl or expanded Morrokide upholstery in sedans and coupes, expanded Morrokide in Safari wagons and genuine leather seating in convertibles. Bonnevilles were built on a longer wheelbase version of GM's B-Body. Found in the Bonneville were instrument panels and door panels with walnut veneer trim, carpeted lower door panels, grab bar on the passenger side of the dash and courtesy lights and a rear arm rest. Beginning in 1964, a Bonneville Brougham option package was available that included an more luxurious interior trim level with front and rear seats featuring center armrests, upgraded door panels and a standard Cordova roof with "Brougham" nameplates.
The two-door hardtop was marketed as the "Sports Coupe", the four door pillarless models were called "Vistas". Bonneville models were standard equipped with Hydra-Matic or Turbo Hydra-Matic automatic transmissions. Other options included power power brakes as well as air conditioning. Other popular options included power windows, power seats, cruise control, 8-lug aluminum wheels that included integral brake drums for improved stopping power; the Bonneville had more powerful standard V8 engines than other full-sized Pontiacs including the 389 cu in or 400 cu in V8s with four-barrel carburetors with many optional V8 offerings available including Tri-Power option
The Pontiac Montana is a minivan, sold by General Motors. Prior to the 1997 model year, it was known as Pontiac Trans Sport. In 1997, the Trans Sport added the Montana moniker as part of an available trim package; the package proved so popular the line was renamed Montana in 1998 for 1999 for Canada. For 2005, the van was redesigned with a higher, less aerodynamic nose to resemble an SUV; the Montana name was changed to Montana SV6. It was discontinued after the 2006 model year in the United States because of slow sales, but continued to be sold in Canada and Mexico until 2009. Since their introduction, the Pontiac minivans were GM's most popular minivans among consumers in Canada; the Doraville, Georgia assembly plant which produced the Montana closed on September 26, 2008. The Montana nameplate was used as a trim level of the Pontiac Trans Sport van from 1996 to 1998. GM dropped the Trans Sport name for MY1999 and the van became Montana; this generation was related to the previous generation Buick GL8, the Chevrolet Venture, the Oldsmobile Silhouette, the Vauxhall Sintra, the Opel Sintra.
The Opel and Vauxhall were only sold in Europe, although made in the same factory in the U. S. as the others. Chevrolet introduced a nearly identical twin to Pontiac save for its badging for European consumption, named the Chevrolet Trans Sport. Both of the Buick GL8 minivans were only sold in China; the 2000-2005 GL8 is a similar version of the first-generation Pontiac Montana, the 2005+ GL8 is similar to the Pontiac Montana SV6. The Pontiac Montana came in both short- and long-wheelbase models; the Pontiac Montana was one of the few minivans. For 2001, the Montana received a new steering wheel with the Pontiac logo which replaces the one with the PONTIAC letters. For 2003, the sport-style head restraints were dropped in favor of the conventional head restraints the Venture and Silhouette offered. New for this generation, cabin air filters were installed, the filters can be accessed from behind an access panel accessed from inside the glove compartment; the Montana Thunder was the most up-level model of the Montana.
Introduced in 2002, Thunder featured special "Thunder" badging, Thunder-specific 16" chrome 5-spoke rims, upgraded ride and handling package, a special spoiler on the back of the roof rack. Inside, the Montana Thunder had special two-tone black and grey leather seating, a perforated leather-wrapped steering wheel; the Montana Thunder was produced in 2002 and 2003, but for 2004 it was made an optional package on Montana GTs called the "Chrome-Sport" package. Only the "Thunder" badges were discontinued. Despite the Pontiac Montana's redesign in 2004, Pontiac continued to sell the original body style for the 2004 model year for fleet use; the last Montana rolled off the production line on March 2004 as a 2004 model. A crash test video of the 1997 Trans Sport/Montana resulted in some criticism due to extreme damage to the vehicle in the 40 mph crash test; the minivan received a "Poor" rating by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. It was ranked the "Worst Performing Vehicle"; some comments made by the IIHS after the first test in 1996 were: Major collapse of the occupant compartment left little survival space for the driver.
Extreme steering wheel movement snapped the dummy's head backward. The unnatural position of the dummy's left foot indicates that an occupant's left leg would have been injured in a real-world crash of this severity; the forces on the left lower leg were so high. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave the van 4 stars for driver protection and 3 stars for passenger protection in the 35 mph frontal impact test. In the side impact test, it received 5 stars for front passenger protection, 5 stars rear passenger protection. However, the safety issues of the Montana were addressed with the newer Montana SV6, which earned the highest rating of "Good" given by the Insurance Institute in the frontal offset crash test. For the 2005 model year, the Montana was updated to have a less aerodynamic design, like an SUV, resulting in its new name, Montana SV6; the 2005 Montana SV6 used a 3.5 L High Value 3500 LX9 V6 that generated 220 ft ⋅ lbf. For 2006, a 3.9 L LZ9 V6, with 240 hp and 240 lb·ft torque, was added as an option, the vehicle added GM badges to the front doors.
For 2007, the 3.5 L V6 was dropped. The optional AWD system was dropped, since it could not handle the torque of the 3.9 L engine. A flex-fuel version of the 3.9 L V6 became available for 2007, but was only available in Canada and Mexico for the SV6. Similar to the Chevrolet Uplander, Saturn Relay, Buick Terraza, it was the second-costliest of its cousins. In the United States and Mexico only the long-wheelbase version was sold. In Mexico, the Montana continued until the 2009 model year, with the 3.9 L V6 as the only engine option. General Motors marketed it as the Pontiac Montana SV6, it was identical to the discontinued North American version, but not the Canadian-specification model. In some parts of Canada, unsold 2009 models were re-marketed as 2010; some of these were adapted for collective taxi use in Toronto and Montreal starting 2010. On November 21, 2005, GM announced that it would close the Doraville, Georgia assembly plant, which produced the SV6, in 2008. However, several months GM announced that the SV6 would be discontinued after 2006 in the US market due to poor sales.
The Pontiac Safari is a station wagon, produced by Pontiac. The Safari name was first applied to Pontiac's version of the 2-door Chevrolet Nomad station wagon; the body style exhibited as a 1954 Chevrolet Corvette Motorama concept car, was shifted to Chevrolet and Pontiac full-size 1955 production vehicles because of the perceived greater sales potential. During its run, the Safari would be sold as its own station wagon model as well as a designation applied to Pontiac's various other station wagon vehicles; the name "safari" is derived from the Swahili word safari, which means journey from the Arabic سفر meaning a journey. The 1955 Safari was built using the Pontiac Chieftain, shared body components with the Chevrolet Nomad station wagon, which would allow both divisions to share in the tooling costs for the special bodied wagons; the Safari was fitted with Pontiac's unique front-end bumper/grille assembly and sheet metal and rear tail light design, both created by Pontiac stylist Paul Gillan.
Gillan received a United States patent for the bumper/grille design. The Safari featured sport-coupe front doors, extra chrome adorning the tailgate and interior, sliding rear-seat windows. Like the Nomad, the "B" pillar of the station wagon was raked forward, a flourish not shared with other GM two-door station wagons from that era. Interior trim and bright work were equal to Pontiac's top line Star Chief range of models, however the Safari was the only model in the Star Chief Custom. Production of the 1955 Safari stood at a model year production of 3,760, making it the lowest production Pontiac for 1955. With its unique body style only a year old, Pontiac limited changes to the Safari to match those of the 1956 Star Chief. Again as in 1955, the Safari was the only model in the Star Chief Custom series. Sales of the Safari improved for 1956, with 4,042 vehicles produced. For 1957, Pontiac applied the Safari nameplate to all of its station wagons in all of its product lines. While the high-trim unique two-door body style was still available, Pontiac added a four-door high-trim version to the Star Chief Custom series mid-year, named Safari Transcontinental.
This half year series featured special exterior trim to set it apart from other Pontiac station wagons. Despite only being on the market for the last half of the 1957 model year, the Safari Transcontinental outsold the special-bodied two-door Safari 1,894 to 1,292. At the end of its three-year run, the specially bodied two-door sport wagon sold only 9,094 vehicles compared to the Chevrolet Nomad which sold 20,092 copies in its three-year run. General Motors discontinued its unique sport wagon body at the end of the 1957 model year, henceforth, all full-size station wagon models produced by Pontiac would be named for their series, as Safaris. While a two-door Safari was fielded in 1958 in Pontiac's Chieftain range, it shared its body with Chevrolet's price leader Delray station wagon. Both models were popular with tradespeople and small businesses. Many Pontiac models fielded Safari labeled variants including the Astre, Catalina, Grand Ville, LeMans/Grand LeMans, Parisienne, 6000, Tempest. For 1966 Pontiac dropped the Safari name on the full sized B-body and Bonneville, named them only as station wagon.
For 1967 the Safari name plate returned for the new Executive wagon, which were placed between Catalina and Bonneville in range. Catalina and Bonneville continued to have the station wagon label only; the Safari name was used on the 1975-77 Astre 2 door wagon and the 1978-79 Sunbird Sport Safari 2 door wagon which were derived from the GM H-body platform The last Pontiac to carry the Safari name alone was the late 1980s station wagon version of the full-size Parisienne. After Parisienne sedans were discontinued in 1986, the station wagon continued on for three more model years renamed and sold as Safari. 1989 was the last year Safari was sold as its own Pontiac model but not the last year the Safari name was used. The 1991 6000 station wagon, sold as the Pontiac 6000 LE Safari, was Pontiac’s last model to carry a Safari designation. GMC continued to use the Safari name for its minivan model through 2005; the Grand Safari was Pontiac's top-of-the-line full-size station wagon offered from 1971 to 1978.
The Grand Safari used the grille and interior trim of the Bonneville and Grand Ville passenger car series, most examples were trimmed with woodgrain paneling on the sides and tailgate. The 1971 to 1976 models were the largest Pontiacs built; the 1971-76 GM full-size bodies, at 64.3" front shoulder room and 63.4" rear shoulder room set a record for interior width that would not be matched by any car until the full-size GM rear-wheel drive models of the early to mid-1990s. The Grand Safari wagons, as did other GM full-sized wagons during these years, used a unique rear suspension with multi-leaf springs instead of the coil springs used on other full-sized Pontiacs, other full-sized GM cars; the Grand Safari wagons featured a new'Clamshell' tailgate design where the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof as the tailgate, slid into a recess under the cargo floor. The power tailgate, the first in station wagon history supplanted the manual tailgate, which required marked effort to lift from storage.
It was operated by a key switch on the rear quarter panel. The Clamshell system and complex, made it easier to load and unload the long wagons in tig
The Chevrolet Cobalt is a compact car introduced by Chevrolet in 2004 for the 2005 model year. The Cobalt replaced both the Cavalier and the Toyota-based Geo Prizm/Chevrolet Prizm as Chevrolet's compact car; the Cobalt was available as both a coupe and sedan, was based on the GM Delta platform shared with the Chevrolet HHR and the Saturn ION. Available was a high performance, Chevrolet Cobalt SS. A Pontiac version was sold in the United States and Mexico under the G5 name for 2007–2009, it was sold as the Pontiac G4 in Mexico for 2005–2006 and as the Pontiac G5 in Canada for its entire run. In all cases, the G5 replaced the Cavalier-related Pontiac Sunfire. While the Cobalt was available as a 2-door coupe and a 4-door sedan in all markets it was offered in, the G5 was only available as a coupé in the United States while a sedan version was sold alongside the coupé in Canada and Mexico; as with their predecessors, all Cobalts and its Pontiac equivalents were manufactured at GM's plant in Ramos Arizpe and Lordstown, Ohio.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency classified the Cobalt as a subcompact car. The front suspension was independent with MacPherson struts, while a semi-independent torsion beam was used in the rear; the wheelbase was 103.3 in, longer than its competitors, the width was 68.4 in. Weight was average in-class, at 2,747 lb for the sedan. For 2009, the United States Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy was increased to 24 mpg‑US city/34 mpg‑US highway with automatic transmission, 26 mpg‑US city/37 mpg‑US highway with manual transmission; the engine output was increased to 155 hp. 2006: A non-supercharged Cobalt SS was added to the lineup. This car was equipped with a 2.4 L aspirated Ecotec inline-4. The LS became the base model. In addition, as with most other GM vehicles that year, GM's Mark of Excellence symbol was added to both front fenders near the doors. 2007: Both engines were retuned for more power while retaining the same fuel economy. The 2.2 L Ecotec was now rated at 148 hp with the 2.4 L Ecotec rated at 173 hp.
Other changes include a new console, new steering wheel and new radio head unit that features an audio input jack. In addition, all models except the LS and LT1 now used a 5x110 wheel bolt pattern; the LS and LT1 retained the standard 4x100. In addition, the 2007 model year marked the introduction of a new 32-bit computer that replaced the 16-bit unit from 2006. 2008: The 2.4 L aspirated, high-output SS coupe and SS sedan were renamed to just "Sport Coupe" and "Sport Sedan" respectively. The new Cobalt SS features a 260 hp turbocharged engine, replacing the Supercharged engine, offered from 2005–2007. At mid-year, the fuel economy was increased to 25 mpg‑US 5.5–7.5 km/liter city, 36 mpg‑US 9–11 km/lite highway on the LS and 1LT, coupe and sedan models with manual transmission. XM Radio, side-impact air bags for improved safety, MP3 player were now standard instead of optional. StabiliTrak stability control system was introduced. Other changes included the removal of several exterior and interior colors.
The new SS coupe launched near the end of May 2008. 2008: The special edition package for the Cobalt was introduced on August 16, 2008, which featured all the options that were available on the previous SS models except the turbocharged 2.0 engine. Instead it was once again built with the 2.4 aspirated engine similar to the Cobalt Sport models. The special edition package could come with a sunroof, GM ground effects kit, the Getrag F23 5-speed manual transmission, additionally the 5 lug wheel bearings that the SS editions featured; the special editions were all had a "Special Edition" badge and came with unique variations of colors, racing stripes. 2009: The 2.4 L aspirated "Sport Coupe and "Sport Sedan" models were both deleted, along with the 2.2 L L61 engine. Both were replaced by the 2.2 L LAP engine thus providing better fuel economy and more power, as well an SS sedan being added to the lineup. Three exterior colors were changed, an interior color deleted. Bluetooth capabilities were added.
An option for a reconfigurable performance display available on the SS coupe, could read out various engine output data and alter performance settings. 2010: The car was replaced by the Chevy Cruze. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety the Cobalt receives an overall top score of "Good" for front collisions. However, it receives a "Poor" overall score for side impacts without side curtain airbags, an "Acceptable" overall score with side curtain airbags. In 2008, side curtain airbags became standard, but the Cobalt's structure remains the same and in structure/safety category of the IIHS's side impact test the Cobalt receives a "Marginal" score. Side airbags are limited to the curtain type. According to the IIHS's injury measurements taken from the side impact test, the driver's torso is given a "Marginal" score; the IIHS found 2005-08 model year Cobalts had the highest fatality rate in the small 4 door car class, with 117 deaths per million registered years compared to its class average of 71.2010 NHTSA sedan crash test: Frontal Driver: Frontal Passenger: Side Driver: Side Rea
The Suzuki Cultus is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki from 1983 to 2003, it is now a rebadged Suzuki Celerio in Pakistan since 2017. It was first presented at the 25th Tokyo Motor Show, formally introduced to Japan in 1983 and sold in seven countries across three generations and marketed worldwide as the Suzuki Swift. An alliance formed in 1981 between GM and Suzuki allowed GM to market the Cultus as a captive import internationally under more than a dozen nameplates including the Geo Metro, Chevrolet Sprint, Pontiac Firefly and Holden Barina, it was known as the M-car within GM. Offered across its lifespan in four body-style variations with engines from the Suzuki G engine family, the second generation Cultus still remained in production in Pakistan until late 2016; the Cultus family of vehicles has been marketed in Asia, North America, South America and Europe. While never formally marketed in New Zealand they were sold on the secondary market; the name "cultus" is Latin meaning "care" or "adoration".
The first generation was a project begun by General Motors as the M-car. When they realized that the project was not going to be profitable enough, the entire unfinished design was sold to Suzuki in return for a five per cent stake in the company. Suzuki completed the design and development work and put the car on sale from October 1983 in the Japanese market, as the Cultus; this is why the car's design was such a natural fit in the General Motors lineup, with a clear GM corporate look. The model was exported worldwide by Suzuki and assembled by a number of General Motors franchises undergoing badge engineering; the first-generation Swifts all share the SA model code prefix and was Suzuki's first earnest entry into a class of car with larger dimensions and engines than of the kei class Suzuki Fronte. Three- and four-cylinder versions of the G engine family were available, although some secondary markets installed Suzuki's one-liter four-cylinder F10A engine in a model which carries the SA410 chassis code.
Early export models were sold by the model code, SA310, the name shortly thereafter changed to a variety of names depending on the market. In Japan the car was always known as the Cultus; the SA310 featured leaf sprung rear suspension and was marketed with a 1.0-liter, three-cylinder engine. The SA310 had its European premier in southern Spain in late 1983; the original model was available as the base GA, the GL, the more expensive GLX models. Only three-door versions were available for the first few years. Early models were sold in Finland as the Suzuki Extra; the 1-liter turbo and a three-speed automatic transmission were introduced in Japan on the last day of May 1984. The turbo's power was raised to 80 PS, it received 165/70 HR12 tyres. In August the 10 cm longer five-door body was introduced, as was the 1.3-liter four-cylinder version. Two headlight variations existed within the earlier models depending on level; the lower equipped were fitted with a recessed sealed beam rectangular light while others came with a panel-flush forwards swept glass unit.
The drag coefficient value of an early model is Cd=0.38. Before it entered the Australian market as the Barina in 1985, the local Suzuki importer sold it as a two-seat van with the "Swift" moniker, as they did not have the necessary quota allocation to bring it in as a passenger car. While sold as the three-cylinder, three-door "Swift" in Indonesia, a five-door model of the pre-facelift SA310 was offered beginning in late 1985, it was replaced by another five-door model fitted with the locally built four-cylinder, 970 cc F10A engine and 55 PS SAE, entered production in Indonesia in early 1986 as the "Forsa". The imported three-door model was discontinued, while the more upscale Forsa benefitted from the new flush headlamps; the model was refreshed and upgraded in June 1986. The leaf springs of the rear end were replaced by coil springs, the front end was remodelled with a more forward swept grill and headlights, the dashboard was remodelled, the windscreen was now caulked in place; the 1.0- and 1.3-liter were detuned while the turbo model gained fuel injection and now produces 82 PS, while the more powerful twin cam GTi model arrived.
The facelift model entered Indonesian production by early 1987 as the Forsa GL, now featured some external trim pieces from the sporting GTi. A more luxurious GLX model was added later. In June 1986, Suzuki introduced the flagship GTi model with both styling and performance upgrades over other models, it was available as a manual three-door hatch only, although a five-door version called GXi was added. The GTi was one of the first Suzuki to feature electronic fuel injection on its G13B high performance twin cam engine; this new engine has 1298 cc thanks to a shorter stroke, fuel injection and 97 PS in the Japanese market. The front brake system was upgraded to a larger diameter disc. Interior updates included. A red theme across the dashboard displays and seat roping was standard as was a centre console. Electric adjustable mirrors were added. Exterior styling upgrades included a model specific molded spoiler, side skirts and a bumper bar incorporating fog-lights; the rear suspension was entirely different from lesser versions.
Beginning in 1985, Cooper Motor Corporation of Nairobi, Kenya assembled the SA310. Japanese market designations 1983～1988 AA41S 1986～1988 A43S