List of Presidents of the United States by time in office

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Cropped Portrait of FDR.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Longest presidency
4,422 days
1933–1945

William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg
William Henry Harrison
Shortest presidency
31 days
1841

This is a list of Presidents of the United States by time in office. The basis of the list is the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater, with the exception of Grover Cleveland, who would receive two days.

Since 1789, there have been 44 people sworn into office as President of the United States, and 45 presidencies, as Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the 22nd and 24th president. Of the individuals elected president, four (William Henry Harrison,[1] Zachary Taylor,[2] Warren G. Harding,[3] and Franklin D. Roosevelt) died of natural causes while in office, four (Abraham Lincoln,[4] James A. Garfield,[4][5] William McKinley,[6] and John F. Kennedy) were assassinated, and one (Richard Nixon[7]) resigned.

William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office, and Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest, he is the only president to have served more than two terms. Following ratification of the 22nd Amendment in 1951, presidents—beginning with Dwight D. Eisenhower—have been ineligible for election to a third term or for election to a second full term after serving more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected president. The amendment contained a grandfather clause that explicitly exempted the incumbent president—then Harry S. Truman—from the new term limitations.

Presidents by time in office[edit]

Rank President Length
in days
Order of presidency Number of terms
1 Franklin D. Roosevelt 4,422[a] 32nd • March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945[b] Three full terms; died 2 months and 23 days into fourth term
2
tie
Thomas Jefferson 2,922 3rd • March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Two full terms
James Madison 2,922 4th • March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817 Two full terms
James Monroe 2,922 5th • March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 Two full terms
Andrew Jackson 2,922 7th • March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837 Two full terms
Ulysses S. Grant 2,922 18th • March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877 Two full terms[c]
Grover Cleveland 2,922[d] 22nd • March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889 Two full terms (non-consecutive)[e]
24th • March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
Woodrow Wilson 2,922 28th • March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921 Two full terms
Dwight D. Eisenhower 2,922 34th • January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Two full terms
Ronald Reagan 2,922 40th • January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989 Two full terms
Bill Clinton 2,922[f] 42nd • January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Two full terms
George W. Bush 2,922 43rd • January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009 Two full terms
Barack Obama 2,922 44th • January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017 Two full terms
14 George Washington 2,865[g] 1st • April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797 Two full terms
15 Harry S. Truman 2,840 33rd • April 12, 1945[h] – January 20, 1953 One partial term (3 years, 9 months, and 8 days), followed by one full term
16 Theodore Roosevelt 2,728 26th • September 14, 1901[h] – March 4, 1909 One partial term (3 years, 5 months, and 18 days), followed by one full term[i]
17 Calvin Coolidge 2,041 30th • August 2, 1923[h] – March 4, 1929 One partial term (1 year, 7 months, and 2 days, followed by one full term
18 Richard Nixon 2,027 37th • January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974[j] One full term; resigned 1 year, 6 months, and 20 days into second term
19 Lyndon B. Johnson 1,886 36th • November 22, 1963[h] –January 20, 1969 One partial term (1 year, 1 month, and 29 days, followed by one full term
20 William McKinley 1,654[f] 25th • March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901[b] One full term; assassinated 6 months and 2 days into second term, dying 8 days later, 6 months and 10 days into that term
21 Abraham Lincoln 1,503 16th • March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865[b] One full term; assassinated 1 month and 10 days into second term, dying 1 day later, 1 month and 11 days into that term
22
tie
John Quincy Adams 1,461 6th • March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829 One full term[e]
Martin Van Buren 1,461 8th • March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841 One full term[e][k]
James K. Polk 1,461 11th • March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849 One full term
Franklin Pierce 1,461 14th • March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857 One full term
James Buchanan 1,461 15th • March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861 One full term
Rutherford B. Hayes 1,461 19th • March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881 One full term
Benjamin Harrison 1,461 23rd • March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893 One full term[e]
William Howard Taft 1,461 27th • March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913 One full term[e]
Herbert Hoover 1,461 31st • March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933 One full term[e]
Jimmy Carter 1,461 39th • January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981 One full term[e]
George H. W. Bush 1,461 41st • January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 One full term[e]
33 John Adams 1,460[f] 2nd • March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 One full term[e]
34 John Tyler 1,430 10th • April 4, 1841[h] – March 4, 1845 One partial term (3 years and 11 months)
35 Andrew Johnson 1,419 17th • April 15, 1865[h] – March 4, 1869 One partial term (3 years, 10 months, and 17 days)
36 Chester A. Arthur 1,262 21st • September 19, 1881[h] – March 4, 1884 One partial term (3 years, 5 months, and 13 days)
37 John F. Kennedy 1,036 35th • January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963[b] Assassinated 2 years, 10 months, and 2 days into term
38 Millard Fillmore 969 13th • July 9, 1850[h] – March 4, 1853 One partial term (2 years, 7 months, and 23 days)
39 Gerald Ford 895 38th • August 9, 1974[h] – January 20, 1977 One partial term (2 years, 5 months, and 11 days)[l]
40 Warren G. Harding 881 29th • March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923[b] Died 2 years, 4 months, and 29 days into term
41 Zachary Taylor 492 12th • March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850[b] Died 1 year, 4 months, and 5 days into term
42 Donald Trump 331[m] 45th • January 20, 2017 – Incumbent Serving first term
43 James A. Garfield 199 20th • March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881[b] Assassinated 3 months and 28 days into term, dying 79 days later, 6 months and 15 days after taking office
44 William Henry Harrison 31 9th • March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841[b] Died 31 days into term

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The 20th Amendment (ratified in 1933) moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20. The 1937 presidential inauguration was the first to take place on the new date, as a result, Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term in office (1933–1937) was only 1,418 days long, 1 month and 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Died in office
  3. ^ Did not seek reelection in 1876. He sought a non-consecutive third term in 1880, but was defeated for renomination at the Republican National Convention.
  4. ^ Each of Grover Cleveland's two non-consecutive terms in office was 1,461 days long.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Incumbent president who sought a second term but was defeated in a quadrennial presidential election.
  6. ^ a b c Of years evenly divisible by 100, only those evenly divisible by 400 are leap years. The years 1800 and 1900 are divisible by 100, but not by 400. Thus, John Adams's term and McKinley's first term did not include a 366-day leap year, so those terms were one day shorter than a normal full term, the year 2000 is divisible by 400 and so did include one, thus Clinton's second term was not shorter than his first.
  7. ^ Due to logistical delays, Washington's first inauguration was held 1 month and 26 days after the scheduled start of operations of the new government under the Constitution of the United States. As a result, his first term was only 1,404 days long, and was the shortest term for a U.S. president who neither died in office nor resigned.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Succeeded to presidency.
  9. ^ Did not seek reelection in 1908. In 1912, he ran for a non-consecutive second full term, this time on the Progressive Party ticket, but was defeated.
  10. ^ Resigned from office
  11. ^ He subsequently sought a non-consecutive second term, first in 1844, but was defeated for renomination at the Democratic National Convention, and then again in 1848 (this time on the Free Soil Party ticket), but was defeated.
  12. ^ The only incumbent president who had never been elected to national office, he sought election to a full term in 1976, but was defeated.
  13. ^ As of December 17, 2017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cleaves, Freeman (1939). Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 152. 
  2. ^ Ingersoll, Jared. "Death of the President". University of Virginia's Miller Center of Public Affairs. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  3. ^ Russell, Francis (1962). The Shadow of Blooming Grove – Warren G. Harding in His Times. Easton Press. p. 591. ISBN 0070543380. 
  4. ^ a b Martin, Paul "Lincoln's Missing Bodyguard", Smithsonian Magazine, April 8, 2010, Retrieved November 15, 2010
  5. ^ Donald (1996), p. 597.
  6. ^ "Big Ben Parker and President McKinley's Assassination". Math.buffalo.edu. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Nixon Resigns". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 31, 2008. 

External links[edit]