List of Prime Ministers of France

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The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.

During earlier periods of French history, the French head of government was known by different titles. Most recently, during the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).

Kingdom of France (843–1792)[edit]

Under the Kingdom of France, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The chief ministers (principal ministres) of certain Kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office King
(Reign)
Maximilien-de-Sully.jpg Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully
(1560–1641)
2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV
King Henry IV of France.jpg
(1589–1610)
De Neufville2.jpg Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy
(1543–1617)
1611 1614 Louis XIII
Louis XIII (de Champaigne).jpg
(1610–1643)
Concino-Concini.jpg Concino Concini
(1575–1617)
1616 24 April 1617
(Died in office)
Cardinal de Richelieu mg 0052.jpg Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac
(1585–1642)
12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(Died in office)
Cardinal Mazarin by Pierre Mignard (Musée Condé).jpg Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin
(1602–1661)
4 December 1642 9 March 1661
(Died in office)
Louis XIV
LouisXIVRigaud.JPG
(1643–1715)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV)
9 March 1661 1 September 1715
Guillaume Dubois.PNG Cardinal Guillaume Dubois
(1656–1723)
c. 1715 10 August 1723
(Died in office)
Louis XV
Louis XV by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour.jpg
(1715–1774)
Philippe d'Orléans, Regent et la comtesse de Parabère (Marie Madeleine de La Vieuville) par Santerre.jpg Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(1674–1723)
10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(Died in office)
Gobert, attributed to -Louis Henri of Bourbon, Prince of Condé - Versailles, MV3727.jpg Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
(1692–1740)
2 December 1723 11 June 1726
Cardinal de Fleury by Rigaud.jpg Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury
(1653–1743)
11 June 1726 29 January 1743
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
Choiseul, Etienne François duc de.jpg Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul
(1719–1785)
3 December 1758 24 December 1770
René-Augustin de Maupeou.PNG René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou
(1714–1792)
24 December 1770 14 May 1774
Jean Frederic Phelypeaux Count of Maurepas.PNG Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas
(1701–1781)
14 May 1774 21 November 1781
(Died in office)
Louis XVI
Louis XVI of France.jpg
(1774–1792)
Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.jpg Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
(1717–1787)
21 November 1781 13 February 1787
(Died in office)
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne.PNG Archbishop Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne
(1727–1794)
1 May 1787 25 August 1788
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
25 August 1788 11 July 1789
Baron de Breteuil.jpg Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
(1730–1807)
11 July 1789 16 July 1789
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
16 July 1789 3 September 1790
Armand-Marc Comte de MONTMORIN-SAINT-HEREM.jpg Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin
(1745–1792)
3 September 1790 29 November 1791

First French Republic (1792–1804)[edit]

During the First Republic, the arrangements for governance changed frequently:

There was no individual head of government.

First French Empire (1804–1814)[edit]

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
1 18 May 1804 1 April 1814 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
(1804–1814)

First Restoration (1814–1815)[edit]

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as President of the Council)
1 1 April 1814 13 May 1814 Independent Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png
(1814–1815)
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as Foreign Minister)
2 13 May 1814 19 March 1815

Hundred Days (1815)[edit]

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government. Upon Napoleon's abdication, his son Napoleon II was named Emperor. This rule was nominal, and Napoleon II remained in Austria throughout his nominal reign.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
2 20 March 1815 22 June 1815 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
(1815)
Joseph Fouché.png Joseph Fouché
(1759–1820)
(as President of the Executive Commission)
22 June 1815 7 July 1815 Independent Napoleon II
80 Napoleon II.jpg
(1815)

Bourbon Restoration (1815–1830)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  Ultra-royalists
  Doctrinaires

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 Independent I (1815) Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png
(1815–1824)
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
1 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Independent
AduC 218 Dessoles (J.J.P.A., marquis, 1767-1828).jpg Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles
(1767–1828)
29 December 1818 19 November 1819 Doctrinaires II (1816)
Élie, comte Decazes.jpg Élie Decazes, duc de Glücksbierg and Decazes
(1780–1860)
19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Doctrinaires
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
2 20 February 1820 14 December 1821 Doctrinaires III (1820)
Villèle.jpg Jean-Baptiste de Villèle
(1773–1854)
14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist
IV (1824) Charles X
Lefevre - Charles X (1826).jpg
(1824–1830)
Martignac.jpg Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac
(1778–1832)
4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Doctrinaires V (1827)
Jules Armand de Polignac 1780–1847.JPG Jules de Polignac, duc de Polignac
(1780–1847)
8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist
Casimir-de-rochechouart.jpg Casimir de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart
(1787–1875)
29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist

July Monarchy (1830–1848)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  Orléanist
  Doctrinaires/Movement Party
  Resistance Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
0 1 August 1830 2 November 1830 (Orléanist) I (1830) Louis Philippe I
Lodewijk Filips als kniestuk.jpg
(1830–1848)
1
Jacques Laffitte.jpg Jacques Laffitte
(1767–1844)
2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Orléanist
Desnos - Casimir Pierre Perier.jpg Casimir Pierre Périer
(1777–1832)
13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Resistance Party II (1831)
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834 Orléanist
David Etienne Maurice Gerard (detail).jpg Étienne Maurice Gérard
(1773–1852)
18 July 1834 10 November 1834 Independent III (1834)
Maret, Hugues-Bernard.jpg Hugues-Bernard Maret
(1763–1839)
10 November 1834 18 November 1834 Independent
Dubufe - Marshal Mortier.jpg Édouard Mortier
(1768–1835)
18 November 1834 12 March 1835 Resistance Party
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Victor de Broglie
(1785–1870)
12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Resistance Party
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Movement Party
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Resistance Party
2 IV (1837)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
2 31 March 1839 12 May 1839 (Orléanist)
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 Resistance Party V (1839)
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Movement Party
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847 Resistance Party VI (1842)
Guizot3.jpg François Guizot
(1787–1874)
19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Resistance Party VII (1846)
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Resistance Party

Second French Republic (1848–1852)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

  Moderate Republican
  Party of Order
  Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
1 Dupont de l'Eure 1843.jpg Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
(1767–1855)
24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Moderate Republican Const.
(1848)
Himself
de facto
(Provisional)
2 François Arago.jpg François Arago
(1786–1853)
10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Moderate Republican Executive Commission
3 Cavaignac par A. Rousseau.JPG Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
(1802–1857)
28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Moderate Republican Himself
de facto
(Martial Law)
4 Odilon Barrot.jpg Odilon Barrot
(1791–1873)
1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Party of Order 1 Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
Napoleón III, 1865.jpg
(1848–1852)
2 Leg.
(1849)
5 No image.svg Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
(1789–1865)
31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 (Bonapartist)
6 Léon Faucher.JPG Léon Faucher
(1803–1854)
10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 (Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)[edit]

Cabinet Chiefs[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  Bonapartist
  Liberal Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (workshop) Napoleon III.jpg Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (workshop) Napoleon III.jpg
(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
Émile Ollivier by Pierre-Louis Pierson, 1870.png Émile Ollivier
(1825–1913)
2 January 1870 9 August 1870 Liberal Bonapartist
Palikao.jpg Charles Cousin-Montauban
(1796–1878)
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Independent

Third French Republic (1870–1940)[edit]

President of the Government of National Defense[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Louis Jules Trochu.jpg Louis-Jules Trochu
(1815–1896)
4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military None

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Parties

  Independent
  Monarchists (Legitimist/Orleanist)
  Republican Left/Democratic Union
  Republican Union
  Radical-Socialist Party
  Liberal Republican Union
  Democratic Republican Alliance
  Republican-Socialist Party
  French Section of the Workers' International

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
6 D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent National Assembly (1871) 2 Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG
(1871–1873)
2
7 Anonymous photograph of Albert, (4th) Duke of Broglie.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Monarchist 3 Patrice de Mac Mahon
Patrice de MacMahon crop.jpg
(1873–1879)
2
8 Cissey.jpg Ernest Courtot de Cissey
(1810–1882)
22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Monarchist
9 Buffet.jpg Louis Buffet
(1818–1898)
10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Monarchist
6 D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Republican Left
4
10 Jules Simon 2.jpg Jules Simon
(1814–1896)
12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Republican Left I (1876)
7 Anonymous photograph of Albert, (4th) Duke of Broglie.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Monarchist
11 Rochebouët.jpg Gaëtan de Rochebouët
(1813–1899)
23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Monarchist II (1877)
6 D327 12photoAppertCOR.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Republican Left
12 Waddington.jpg William Waddington
(1826–1894)
4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Republican Left 4 Jules Grévy
Bonnat Portrait of Jules Grevy cropped.jpg
(1879–1887)
13 Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Republican Union
14 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Republican Left
15 Léon Gambetta 1870 Nadar.jpg Léon Gambetta
(1838–1882)
14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Republican Union III (1881)
13 Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Republican Union
16 Duclerc.jpg Charles Duclerc
(1812–1888)
7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Republican Left
17 Armand Fallieres 2.jpg Armand Fallières
(1841–1931)
29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Republican Left
14 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Republican Left
18 Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Democratic Union
13 Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Democratic Union IV (1885)
19 Goblet.jpg René Goblet
(1828–1905)
16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Radical Republican
20 Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Democratic Union
21 Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Democratic Union 5 Marie François Sadi Carnot
Marie Francois Sadi Carnot.jpg
(1887–1894)
22 Floquet.jpg Charles Floquet
(1828–1896)
3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Democratic Union
21 Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Democratic Union
13 Photo of Charles de Freycinet.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Democratic Union V (1889)
23 Émile Loubet by Paul Nadar c1900.jpg Émile Loubet
(1838–1929)
27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Democratic Union
24 Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Liberal Republican Union
2
25 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Liberal Republican Union
26 Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg Jean Casimir-Perier
(1847–1907)
3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Democratic Union VI (1893)
25 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Liberal Republican Union
3 6 Jean Casimir-Perier
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg
(1894–1895)
24 Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Liberal Republican Union 7 Félix Faure
Felix Faure.jpg
(1895–1899)
27 Bourgeoi.jpg Léon Bourgeois
(1851–1925)
1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
28 Meline.jpg Jules Méline
(1838–1925)
29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Liberal Republican Union
18 Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Radical Republicans VII (1898)
25 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Liberal Republican Union
5 Émile Loubet
Émile Loubet by Paul Nadar c1900.jpg
(1899–1906)
29 Waldeck-Rousseau (Nadar).jpg Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
(1846–1904)
22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Union 8
30 Émile Combes (1835–1921).jpg Émile Combes
(1835–1921)
7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical-Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
20 Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 9 Armand Fallières
Picture of Clément Armand Fallières.jpg
(1906–1913)
31 Sarrien.jpg Ferdinand Sarrien
(1840–1915)
12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical-Socialist Party
32 Georges Clemenceau Imag1396.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Independent IX (1906)
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
34 Monis.jpg Ernest Monis
(1846–1929)
2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical-Socialist Party X (1910)
35 Caillaux.jpg Joseph Caillaux
(1863–1944)
27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical-Socialist Party
36 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Republican Democratic Party
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 10 Raymond Poincaré
Raymond Poincaré 1914.jpg
(1913–1920)
37 Louis Barthou 01.jpg Louis Barthou
(1862–1934)
22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Republican Democratic Party
38 Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical-Socialist Party
24 Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Republican Democratic Party XI (1914)
39 Viviani 1912.jpg René Viviani
(1863–1925)
1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
24 Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Republican Democratic Party
40 Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
32 Georges Clemenceau Imag1396.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Independent
41 Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg Alexandre Millerand
(1859–1943)
1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 11 Paul Deschanel
Paul Deschanel 01.jpg
(1920)
42 Georges Leygues 01.jpg Georges Leygues
(1857–1933)
24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
12 Alexandre Millerand
Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg
(1920–1924)
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
36 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
3
43 Frédéric François-Marsal 1920 (2).jpg Frédéric François-Marsal
(1874–1958)
8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Independent
(National Bloc)
XIII (1924)
45 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
13 Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924 crop.jpg
(1924–1931)
40 Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
45 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
36 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
33 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
46 André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
47 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical-Socialist Party
46 André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
48 Théodore Steeg.jpg Théodore Steeg
(1868–1950)
13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical-Socialist Party
49 Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent
(National Bloc)
2 14 Paul Doumer
Paul Doumer 1931.jpg
(1931–1932)
3
46 André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
45 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) 15 Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun 1932 (2).jpg
(1932–1940)
50 Joseph Paul-Boncour 1923.jpg Joseph Paul-Boncour
(1873–1972)
18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
52 Albert Sarraut.png Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
47 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
38 Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Government of National Union)
53 Pierre-Étienne Flandin - 1931.jpg Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
54 Fernand Bouisson.jpg Fernand Bouisson
(1874–1959)
1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
49 Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent
(National Bloc)
52 Albert Sarraut.png Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical-Socialist Party
55 Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
47 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical-Socialist Party
(Popular Front)
4
55 Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
51 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical-Socialist Party
4
5
56 Paul Reynaud 1933.jpg Paul Reynaud
(1878–1966)
21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
57 Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg Philippe Pétain
(1856–1951)
16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Independent

Vichy France (1940–1945)[edit]

Presidents and Vice Presidents of the Council of Ministers, President of the French Governmental Commission[edit]

Political party

  Vichy

Portrait President Vice President Government Took office Left office
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H25217, Pétain, edit-1.jpg Philippe Pétain Pierre Laval 5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941
François Darlan 9 February 1941 18 April 1942
Laval-shot0038 cropped.png Pierre Laval Position abolished 6 18 April 1942 20 August 1944
Fernand de Brinon.jpg Fernand de Brinon Position abolished 25 August 1944 22 April 1945

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946)[edit]

Chairmen of the Provisional Government[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  French Section of the Workers' International
  Popular Republican Movement

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
59 De Gaulle-OWI.jpg Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
60 Félix Gouin député SFIO 1936.jpg Félix Gouin
(1884–1977)
26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
61 Georges Bidault.jpg Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
(Tripartisme)
II (June 1946)
VincentAuriol.png Vincent Auriol
(1884–1966)
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
IV Rep.
I (Nov.1946)
62 Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)

Fourth French Republic (1946–1958)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

  French Section of the Workers' International
  Radical Party
  Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
  Popular Republican Movement
  National Centre of Independents and Peasants
  Union for the New Republic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
63 Paul Ramadier.jpg Paul Ramadier
(1888–1961)
1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
I (Nov.1946) 16 Vincent Auriol
VincentAuriol.png
(1947–1954)
2
65 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
66 Armoiries république française.svg André Marie
(1897–1974)
24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Party
(Third Force)
65 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
67 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Party
(Third Force)
61 Georges Bidault.jpg Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
67 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven
(1901–1993)
1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
67 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven
(1901–1993)
2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
II (1951)
69 Edgar Faure 1955.jpg Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Party
70 Antoine Pinay 1969.jpg Antoine Pinay
(1891–1994)
8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
71 Rene Mayer.jpg René Mayer
(1895–1972)
8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
72 Joseph Laniel.PNG Joseph Laniel
(1889–1975)
1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 17 René Coty
René Coty-1929.jpg
(1954–1959)
73 Pierre Mendès-France 1932.jpg Pierre Mendès France
(1907–1982)
19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Party
74 Christian Pineau.jpg Christian Pineau
(1904–1995)
Acting
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
69 Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
75 Guy Mollet Archief.PNG Guy Mollet
(1905–1975)
1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International
(Republican Front)
III (1956)
76 Bourgès-Maunoury small.jpg Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
(1914–1993)
13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
77 Armoiries république française.svg Félix Gaillard
(1919–1970)
6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
78 Pierre Pflimlin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1975.jpg Pierre Pflimlin
(1907–2000)
14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
59 Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

Fifth French Republic (1958–present)[edit]

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime Ministers[edit]

Political parties

  Independent
  Gaullist (UNR/UDR/RPR)
  Centrist (REM)
  Liberal-centrist (PR/UDF)
  Socialist
  Neo-Gaullist (UMP/LR)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
79 Michel Debré.jpg Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) 18 Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg
(1959–1969)
80 Georges.Pompidou (cropped).jpg Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
81 Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV (1968)
82 Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 19 Georges Pompidou
Georges.Pompidou (cropped).jpg
(1969–1974)
83 Pierre Messmer01.JPG Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
84 Jacques Chirac 1997 (cropped).jpg Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 20 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978.jpg
(1974–1981)
85 Raymond Barre 1977-4.jpg Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
85 3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 Union for French Democracy VI (1978)
86 Pierre Mauroy 1-1.jpg Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party 21 François Mitterrand
Reagan Mitterrand 1984 (cropped).jpg
(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
87 Laurent Fabius - Royal & Zapatero's meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0538 2007-04-19.jpg Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986
84 Jacques Chirac 1997 (cropped).jpg Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
88 Michel Rocard16 (cropped 2).JPG Michel Rocard
(1930–2016)
1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
89 Edith Cresson2.png Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992
90 Beregovoy.jpg Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993
91 Édouard Balladur and Raymond Barre (cropped).jpg Édouard Balladur
(1929–)
29 March 1993 17 May 1995 Rally for the Republic X (1993)
92 Alain Juppé in Washington DC (cropped 2).jpg Alain Juppé
(1945–)
1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 22 Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac 1997 (cropped).jpg
(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
93 Lionel Jospin, mai 2014, Rennes, France (cropped 2).jpg Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party XI (1997)
94 Raffarin.jpg Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
95 Launch Republique Solidaire 2010-06-19 n05.jpg Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 15 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
96 François Fillon 2010.jpg François Fillon
(1954–)
1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 23 Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy (2008) cropped.jpg
(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 10 May 2012
97 Jean-Marc Ayrault et Alain Kouck (13293393834) (cropped).jpg Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
1 15 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party 24 François Hollande
François Hollande headshot.jpg
(2012–2017)
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
98 Valls Schaefer Munich Economic Summit 2015 (cropped).JPG Manuel Valls
(1962–)
1 31 March 2014 25 August 2014
2 25 August 2014 6 December 2016
99 Lopatka Cazeneuve (cropped).jpg Bernard Cazeneuve
(1963–)
6 December 2016 10 May 2017
100 Édouard Philippe (cropped).jpg Édouard Philippe
(1970–)
1 15 May 2017 19 June 2017 The Republicans
Then miscellaneous right
25 Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron (2).jpg(2017–)
2 19 June 2017 Incumbent XV (2017)

Timeline since 1959[edit]

Édouard PhilippeBernard CazeneuveManuel VallsJean-Marc AyraultFrançois FillonDominique de VillepinJean-Pierre RaffarinLionel JospinAlain JuppéEdouard BalladurPierre BérégovoyEdith CressonMichel RocardJacques ChiracLaurent FabiusPierre MauroyRaymond BarreJacques ChiracPierre MessmerJacques Chaban-DelmasMaurice Couve de MurvilleGeorges PompidouMichel Debré

See also[edit]

External links[edit]