Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah is a Kuwaiti politician and the Prime Minister of Kuwait since 2011. He served as Minister of Defense as well as Deputy Prime Minister. Jaber was first appointed as Prime Minister on 4 December 2011. A year on 5 December 2012, he was reappointed as Prime Minister following the parliamentary election held on 1 December 2012, he was re-appointed in the same position on November 1, 2017 when an Amiri Order was issued to appoint him as the Prime Minister, mandate him to appoint members of the new government. Since 1957 he is the eldest genealogical grandson of fourth major son of Mubarak Al-Sabah, he is the first prime minister in the history of Kuwait, not from either Jaber or Salim branches. Sheikh Jaber began his career an advisor at the administrative affairs department in the Amiri Diwan in 1968 and served there until 1971, he served as director of the administrative affairs department in the Diwan until 1975. He went on to become assistant undersecretary of administrative and financial affairs at the Diwan until 1979.
In that year, he became a governor, serving from 1979 to 1985 at Hawally and from 1985 to 1986 at Ahmedy. He was Minister of Social and Labor Affairs from 1986 to 1988 and Minister of Information from 1988 to 1990. After the liberation of Kuwait in 1991, Sheikh Jaber became advisor to the office of the Emir, a position he held until 2001. On 14 February 2001 that he was named Deputy Prime Ministers of Defense Minister. In 2004, Sheikh Jaber became Chairman of the Supreme Council of Environment. In 2006, he was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister, as well as Ministers of Interior and Minister of Defense; the following year, he was named First Deputy Prime Minister of Defense. In 2010, Sheikh Jaber became Chairman of the Supreme Council for the Disabled. Sabah was appointed as Prime Minister on 4 December 2011. A year on 5 December 2012, he was reappointed as Prime Minister following the parliamentary election held on 1 December 2012. In January 2014 it was announced that he had reshuffled his five-month-old cabinet, replacing seven members, including the oil and finance ministers, raising the number of Islamists to four.
The reshuffle came two weeks after all the ministers submitted their resignations to Sabah after several cabinet members, including the prime minister himself, were questioned by MPs. Emir Shaikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah accepted the resignation of seven of the 15 ministers and decreed the appointment of new ministers; the modified cabinet included a new oil minister, Ali Al Omair, a lawmaker, a senior member of the Islamist Salaf Alliance. He replaced Mustafa Al Shamali, he is a patron of the Sheikh Mubarak Al Hamad Al Sabah Journalism award, created in 2008 to honor excellence in Kuwaiti journalism. Sheikh Jaber has children, he is an avid falconer and engaged in many philanthropic initiatives worldwide. His Excellency Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah His Highness Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait In 2007, King Hamad bin Issa Al Khalifa awarded Sheikh Jaber the "Medal of King Issa First Class," following his visit to Bahrain where he took part in the Middle East Forum on Internal and World Security.
In 2009, he became the first Arab to be awarded Japan's highest honor conferred on foreigners, Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon. The Imperial Decoration of "Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun" was bestowed by Japan's Emperor Akihito at a ceremony at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo; the distinction was awarded in recognition of Sheikh Jaber's contributions to promoting mutual understanding as well as political and environmental ties between Kuwait and Japan. House of Al-Sabah Media related to Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah at Wikimedia Commons Biography at Al-Diwan Al-Amiri
Term of office
A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office. In many jurisdictions there is a defined limit on how long terms of office may be before the officeholder must be subject to re-election; some jurisdictions exercise term limits, setting a maximum number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office. Being the origin of the Westminster system, aspects of the United Kingdom's system of government are replicated in many other countries; the monarch serves as head of state until his or her abdication. In the United Kingdom Members of Parliament in the House of Commons are elected for the duration of the parliament. Following dissolution of the Parliament, a general election is held which consists of simultaneous elections for all seats. For most MPs this means that their terms of office are identical to the duration of the Parliament, though an individual's term may be cut short by death or resignation. An MP elected in a by-election mid-way through a Parliament, regardless of how long they have occupied the seat, is not exempt from facing re-election at the next general election.
The Septennial Act 1715 provided. Prior to the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 parliaments had no minimum duration. Parliaments could be dissolved early by the monarch at the Prime Minister's request. Early dissolutions occurred when the make-up of Parliament made forming government impossible, or, more when the incumbent government reasoned an early general election would improve their re-election chances; the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 mandated. Early dissolution is still possible, but under much more limited circumstances; because the government and Prime Minister are indirectly elected through the Commons, the terms of Parliaments and MPs do not directly apply to offices of government, though in practice these are affected by changes in Parliament. While speaking, a Prime Minister whose incumbency spans multiple Parliaments only serves one, term of office, some writers may refer to the different Parliaments as separate terms. Hereditary peers and life peers retain membership of the House of Lords for life, though members can resign or be expelled.
Lords Spiritual hold membership of the House of Lords until the end of their time as bishops, though a senior bishop may be made a life peer upon the end of their bishopric. The devolved administrations in Scotland and Northern Ireland are variations on the system of government used at Westminster; the office of the leader of the devolved administrations has no numeric term limit imposed upon it. However, in the case of the Scottish Government and the Welsh Assembly Government there are fixed terms for which the legislatures can sit; this is imposed at four years. Elections may be held before this time but only if no administration can be formed, which has not happened yet. Offices of local government other regional elected officials follow similar rules to the national offices discussed above, with persons elected to fixed terms of a few years. In the United States, the president of the United States is elected indirectly through the United States Electoral College to a four-year term, with a term limit of two terms or a maximum of ten years if the president acted as president for two years or less in a term where another was elected as president, imposed by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1951.
The Vice President serves four-year terms. U. S. Representatives serve two-year terms. U. S. Senators serve six-year terms. Federal judges have different terms in office. Article I judges. However, the majority of the federal judiciary, Article III judges, serve for life; the terms of office for officials in state governments varies according to the provisions of state constitutions and state law. The term for state governors is four years in all states but New Hampshire; the National Conference of State Legislatures reported in January 2007 that among state legislatures: 44 states had terms of office for the lower house of the state legislature at two years. Five had terms of office at four years. 37 states had terms of office for the upper house of the state legislature at four years. Twelve had terms of office at two years. Among territories of the United States: In the American Samoa Fono, members of the House serve two-year terms while members of the Senate serve six-year terms. Members of both chambers of the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico have four-year terms.
Members of both chambers of the Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature have two-year terms. The Legislature of Guam and Legislature of the
Hadas is a Kuwaiti Islamist political organization. The party is an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood. Hadas was established on 31 March 1991 following the liberation of Kuwait from the Iraqi invasion in the Gulf War; the group of people who started the Movement and still control it are Kuwaiti Islamists following the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood, most notably is Jassem Mohalhel. Bader Al-Nashi was secretary general of Hadas between 2003 and July 2009, its current secretary general is Mohammad Al-Olaim. It has four members in the current National Assembly of Kuwait. Hadas Web Site
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Sheikh Sabah IV Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah GCB is the Emir of Kuwait and the Commander of the Kuwait Military Forces. He was sworn in on 29 January 2006 after confirmation by the National Assembly, he is the fourth son of Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. His Highness the Amir of the State of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was honored by the United Nations Organization on September 9, 2014 and named leader of humanitarian work. On March 2017, he has been awarded the Honorary Doctorate from Kuwait University for his humanitarian and global role. Al-Sabah was born on 16 June 1929, he received primary education at Al Mubarakya School during the 1930s and completed his education under tutors. He is the half-brother of the previous Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, who appointed Sabah as Prime Minister in July 2003, replacing the Crown Prince of Kuwait, Sheikh Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah, he had been Foreign Minister for 40 years, from 1963 to 2003, making him one of the longest-serving foreign ministers in the world.
Prior to being the Emir of Kuwait, Sabah was the Foreign Minister of Kuwait between 1963 and 2003. During his time as Foreign Minister, Sabah restored Kuwaiti international relations after the Gulf War. Sabah was a pillar in the restoring the country after the Iraqi Invasion, he was First Deputy Prime Minister while serving as Foreign Minister. On 15 January 2006 the emir, Sheikh Jaber, making Sheikh Saad, Crown Prince of Kuwait, the new emir. With the accession of Sheikh Saad, Sabah was to become the new Crown Prince, retaining his function of Prime Minister. However, the Constitution requires that the Emir be sworn in before Parliament, the oath of office is complex; some reports suggested that he suffered from some other debilitating disease. After a power struggle within the ruling family, Sheikh Saad agreed to abdicate as the Emir of Kuwait on 23 January 2006 due to his illness; the ruling family chose Sheikh Sabah as the new Emir of Kuwait. On 24 January 2006, Kuwait’s parliament voted Emir Saad out of office, moments before an official letter of abdication was received.
The Kuwaiti Cabinet nominated Al-Sabah to take over as emir. He was sworn in on 29 January 2006 with the National Assembly's approval. Al-Sabah dissolved the National Assembly on 19 March 2008 and called for early elections on 17 May 2008, after the cabinet resigned in the week of 17 March 2008 following a power struggle with the government. A struggle broke out between the government and parliament in 2012. An increase of his stipend from 8 million KD to 50 million KD annually A media law said to be one of the strongest laws protecting press freedom in the Arab world Member of the Central Committee Municipality Council from 1954 to 1955. Member of the Building and Construction council. Chairman of the Social Affairs and Labour Authority in 1955. Member of the Higher Council of Country Affairs in 1956. Chairman of the Printing and Publishing Authority from 9 September 1956 to 17 January 1962 Minister of Information - in the first cabinet that took power after independence in the period of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, on 17 January 1962.
Foreign Minister since 28 January 1963. Deputy Prime Minister on 16 February 1978 in addition to his post of Foreign Minister. First Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister on 18 October 1992. Member of the Supreme Council of Planning in 1996, headed by the Crown Prince Sheikh Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah. Chairman of the Cabinet's Joint Ministerial Committee on Priorities of Governmental Work. Prime Ministers of Kuwait from 13 July 2003 to 29 January 2006. Honorary Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York Al-Sabah's wife, Sheikha Fatuwah bint Salman Al-Sabah, died before 2 August 1990, she was a first cousin of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He has two sons, Sheikh Nasser, Sheikh Hamed. Sheikh Sabah had two other children who died, his daughter, Sheikha Salwa, died from breast cancer on 23 June 2002 in London. The Emir named his palace "Dar Salwa" after her, his fourth child, Sheikh Ahmed, died in a car accident in 1969. The Emir travels to Oman, where he owns a small island and goes fishing for leisure.
He frequently goes to Somalia to hunt. Former President Jimmy Carter calls Sheikh Sabah a "global humanitarian leader" saying, "His support of disaster relief, peace efforts and advancing public health are an inspiration. Other world leaders can learn from the wise example set by my friend, His Highness the Amir."According to the 2014 Middle East Coutts Report, the Amir provided the largest individual donation in 2013 among GCC members in support of Syrian refugees in neighboring countries, amounting to US$300 million. In 2014, The former United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, cited the Amir as a Humanitarian Leader globally and presented him with a Humanitarian Award recognizing this role. Ban Ki-Moon further remarked "It gives me great pleasure and honour to be here today to recognize the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber al Sabah, Amir of Kuwait; this is a great humanitarian day. We are sitting together with a great humanitarian leader of our world". In 2015, the Amir pledged a Kuwaiti donation of $500 million toward easing the Syrian humanitarian crisis at the UN Summit convened in Kuwait.
In August 2017, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres ex
Emblem of Kuwait
The Emblem of Kuwait was adopted in 1962 and it consists of the shield of the flag design in color superimposed on a golden falcon with wings displayed. The falcon supports a disk containing a boom sailing ship, a type of dhow, with the full name of the state written at the top of the disk; the dhow is a symbol of the maritime tradition of the country and is found in the national coats of arms of Qatar. The falcon is a symbol of the Banu Quraish line, to which the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged and is found in many coats of arms of the Arabian Peninsula; the coat of arms replaced an older emblem with two crossed flags. Flag of Kuwait national flower of Kuwait]
An official residence is the residence at which a nation's head of state, head of government, religious leader, leaders of international organizations, or other senior figure resides. It may or may not be the same location where the individual conducts work-related functions or lives. 3 Sutton Place, New York City Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Kiriri Presidential Palace Unity Palace Palácio Presidencial Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Kinshasa Presidential Palace Palais de la Nation Palais du mont Ngaliema Palais de Marbre Brazzaville Presidential Palace Le Palais de la Présidence Presidential Palace Abdeen Palace Heliopolis Palace Koubbeh Palace Montaza Palace Ras el-Tin Palace Government Building Asmara President's Office National Palace Imperial Palace Presidential Palace State House Osu Castle formal residence Golden Jubilee House current residence Peduase Lodge retreat Presidential Palace Villa Syli Belle Vue Presidential Palace State House Royal Palace State House Executive Mansion Al-Sikka, Tripoli Al Nasr Convention Centre Dar al-Salam Hotel Abusita Navy Base Royal Palace of Tripoli Bab al-Azizia Iavoloha Ambohitsorohitra Sanjika Palace New State House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Clarisse House Mechouar Essaid, Rabat Dâr-al-Makhzen, Fes Dâr-al-Makhzen, Meknes Marchane Palace, Tangier Bahia Palace, Marrakech El Badi Palace, Marrakech Palácio da Ponta Vermelha State House Presidential Palace Aso Rock Villa Rivers State:Government House Urugwiro Presidential Palace Palais de la Republique State House State House Villa Somalia Mahlamba Ndlopfu, Genadendal Residence, Cape Town Leeuwenhof Cape Province:Government House Transvaal:Government House Natal:Government House Orange Free State:Government House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Lozitha Palace State House The Palace of the Governors Carthage Palace State House State House State House Government House Government House Government House Ilaro Court Palace of the Revolution Presidential Palace Government House Palacio Nacional, Dominican Republic Government House National Palace King's House Government House Jamaica House Vale Royal Government House Government House Government House President's House St. Anns Diplomatic Residence Whitehall Official residence Belize House Government House Rideau Hall Citadelle of Quebec 24 Sussex Drive Harrington Lake Stornoway The Farm, Gatineau Park 7 Rideau Gate British Columbia:Government House Manitoba:Government House New Brunswick:Old Government House Nova Scotia:Government House Prince Edward Island:Government House Newfoundland and Labrador:Government House Quebec:Édifice Price/Price Building *The provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Quebec no longer have official residences for their lieutenant governors, but do provide them with accommodations.
Casa Presidencial, Costa Rica Casa Presidencial called Casa Blanca Casa Presidencial National Palace Palacio José Cecilio del Valle None. The President uses own private residence. Los Pinos National Palace Castillo de Chapultepec *In every state of the Mexico the Palacio de Gobierno, or Government Palace, was the official residence the governor, they are now maintained as the relevant governor's offices. Querétaro Casa de la Corregidora Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Palacio de las Garzas White House Camp David Number One Observatory Circle Blair House Presidential Townhouse Trowbridge House Waldorf Astoria New York (Ambassador to
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah was the eleventh ruler of Kuwait, the first Emir of the State of Kuwait, Commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces from 29 January 1950 until his death. He was the eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah; as the eleventh ruler of the Al Sabah dynasty in Kuwait, he took power after the death of his cousin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He ruled as regent upon the death of his father until the election of Sheikh Ahmad; the anniversary of his coronation, 25 February, serves as Kuwait's national day. Unlike his predecessors, Abdullah III was more pro-Arab than pro-British, he ended the British "protectorate" status of Kuwait by signing a treaty with the British on 19 June 1961. He is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait, he introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962, followed by the Parliament in 1963. Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim died two years after suffering from a heart attack and was succeeded by his half-brother, Sheikh Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.
He was the father of Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled in January 2006, Sheikh Khalid Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, Sheikh Ali Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, a governor. Titles: 1895–1938: Sheikh Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah 1938–1950: Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah, CIE 1950–1952: His Highness Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, CIE 1952–1956: His Highness Sheikh Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE 1956–1959: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE, KStJ 1959–1961: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, GCMG, CIE, KStJ 1961–1965: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, GCMG, CIE, KStJ Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of National Defense Sovereign Grand Master of the Military Duty Order Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George Grand-Croix Order of the Legion d'Honneur Order of the Two Rivers, 1st class Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal Knight of the Order of St John Order of the Crown, 1st Class Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George