This is a list of both active and inactive Pro Wrestling Illustrated awards which are voted on by Pro Wrestling Illustrated readers every year from 1972 onwards, expanding to more categories in years. Unlike other wrestling magazines and websites, PWI is a magazine written within the fictional realm of professional wrestling and the awards recognize this; the PWI Wrestler of the Year award recognizes the best professional wrestler of the year. Ric Flair has won the award a record six times; the PWI Tag Team of the Year award recognizes the best tag team of the year. The Road Warriors have won a record four times; the New Day are the only trio to win the award. The PWI Match of the Year award recognizes the best match of the year. Shawn Michaels has won the award a record eleven times; the PWI Feud of the Year award recognizes the best rivalry of the year between two wrestlers but between groups as well. Ric Flair vs. Lex Luger is tied with Vince McMahon vs. Stone Cold Steve Austin, each winning twice.
Ric Flair, Vince McMahon, Triple H have won this award four times individually. The Four Horsemen, The Authority, The Nexus and Aces & Eights are the only stables to win the award; the PWI Most Popular Wrestler of the Year award recognizes the best face or heroic professional wrestler of the year. Sting and John Cena have won this award a record four times. Rob Van Dam is the only wrestler to win the award as a heel. In 2019, Becky Lynch became the first woman to win the award; the PWI Most Hated Wrestler of the Year award recognizes the most effective heel professional wrestler of the year. Triple H has won this award a record five times, with his fourth win as part of The Authority. In 2010, the award was given to The Nexus, for the first time. Roman Reigns is the only wrestler to win this award; the PWI Comeback of the Year award, given yearly since 1992, recognizes the most impressive comeback by a professional wrestler during the year. Sting and Jeff Hardy have won this award a record three times each.
The PWI Most Improved Wrestler of the Year award recognizes the most improved professional wrestler of the year. Candice Michelle is the only woman to win this award; the PWI Inspirational Wrestler of the Year award recognizes the most inspirational professional wrestler of the year. The award has been given yearly since 1972, in this time, Bob Backlund, Hulk Hogan, Eddie Guerrero, Jerry Lawler and Roman Reigns are the only people to have won the award more than once, with all six winning twice; the award is meant to go to a wrestler who overcomes great odds to achieve success in the ring, although it has been awarded to wrestlers who overcome real-life hardships and struggles. The PWI Rookie of the Year award recognizes the best professional wrestler of the year who, in that year, had their first year in the business; as it is a rookie award, wrestlers can qualify only once. The PWI Woman of the Year award recognizes the best female professional wrestling personality of the year. Known as Girl Wrestler of the Year, it was rendered defunct in 1976 and its history would be subsumed into the current award when women were again bestowed their own category in 2000.
Trish Stratus has won this award a record four times. AJ Lee is the only wrestler to win the award three times consecutively. Mickie James is the only wrestler to have won the award competing for two different organizations; the PWI Stanley Weston Award recognizes lifetime achievement by a professional wrestling personality. It has been given yearly since 1981, was known as the PWI Editor's Award. Beginning with the March 2003 year-end edition, the award was renamed in memory of PWI founder and longtime publisher Stanley Weston, who died in 2002; the PWI Midget Wrestler of the Year award recognized the best midget wrestler of the year. This award became defunct in 1976; the PWI Manager of the Year award recognized the best manager of the year. Bobby Heenan won a record four times. Lou Albano, James J. Dillon, Jim Cornette each won three times; the PWI Announcer of the Year award recognized the best announcer of the year. This award was only given in 1977. List of professional wrestling awards List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards Slammy Award General"PWI Awards".
Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Kappa Publishing Group. Retrieved November 18, 2016. Specific
Yankee White is an administrative nickname for a background check given in the United States of America for Department of Defense personnel and contractor employees working with the President and Vice President. Obtaining such clearance requires, in part, a Single Scope Background Investigation, conducted under the manuals of the U. S. Office of Personnel Management. Individuals having Yankee White clearances undergo extensive background investigation; the Yankee White clearance includes requirements of U. S. citizenship and unquestionable loyalty to the United States. There are three categories of Yankee White clearance. Category one clearance is required for selected personnel serving in sensitive positions in direct support of the President or Vice President; this includes: White House Military Office Chief of Staff Assistant Chief of Staff Director, Airlift Operations Office Director, Presidential Contingency Programs Office Director, Special Programs Office Security Advisor Military Aides to the President and Vice President Director, White House Medical Unit Chief, US Army Transportation Agency, White House Food Service Coordinator of the White House Staff Mess Commander and Deputy Commander, White House Communications Agency Presidential Pilot and Deputy Presidential Pilot, 89th Airlift Wing, Andrews AFB Commanding Officer and Executive Officer, Marine Helicopter Squadron One Commanding Officer and Executive Officer, Naval Support Facility Thurmont, MD Other personnel as determined by the Director, WHMO and the Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs Category two clearance is required for personnel assigned on a permanent or full-time basis to duties in direct support of the President or Vice President.
This includes but is not limited to: Presidential aircrew and associated maintenance and security personnel White House Communications Agency personnel White House Transportation Agency personnel White House Staff Mess personnel White House Medical Unit personnel DoD personnel assigned to the Office of the Vice President Personnel assigned to the Naval Support Facility Thurmont, MD, more known as "Camp David". Employees of contractor firms who provide recurring services or who require unescorted access to Presidential support areas, activities, or equipment—including the maintenance of the Presidential retreat or Vice President's residence, aircraft, or facilities Principals of those firms used for PSAs who have direct involvement in the contract Category three clearance is required for personnel assigned to honor guard units, ceremonial units, military bands who perform at Presidential or Vice Presidential functions and facilities. Presidential Service Association Security clearance Presidential Service Association
In George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, the Thought Police are the secret police of the superstate Oceania, who discover and punish thoughtcrime and political thoughts unapproved by the government. The Thinkpol use criminal psychology and omnipresent surveillance via informers, telescreens and microphones, to search for and find and arrest all citizens of Oceania who would commit thoughtcrime in challenge to the status quo authority of the Party and the regime of Big Brother. In the story, the Thinkpol conduct false-flag operations to lure non-conformist members of the Party to expose themselves as politically subversive of Oceania. Orwell's concept of "policing thought" derived from the intellectual self-honesty shown by a person's "power of facing unpleasant facts". In the year 1984, the government of Oceania, dominated by the Inner Party, use the Newspeak language to control the speech and thought of the population, by defining "unapproved thoughts" as crimes, thoughtcrime or crimethink.
Among the means for maintaining social control, the Thought Police are said by O'Brien, an inner Party member and agent of the Thinkpol, to operate a false flag resistance movement, the Brotherhood, to lure ideologically disloyal members of the Party to identify themselves for arrest. As an agent provocateur, O'Brien gives Winston a copy of the forbidden book, The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, authored by the enemy of the state Emmanuel Goldstein; every member of the Outer Party has a two-way telescreen in his or her quarters, by which the Thinkpol audio-visually police the behaviour of the populace. The Thinkpol spy upon and eliminate intelligent people, such as the Newspeak lexicographer Syme, disappeared and rendered an unperson, despite being an Ingsoc true-believer of fierce loyalty to Big Brother and the Party. To eliminate possible martyrs and women of whom popular memory might provoke anti–Party resistance, at the Miniluv, the Thinkpol break thought-criminals with conversation and torture in Room 101.
Breaking the prisoner coerces him or her to sincerely accept the Ingsoc worldview, so love Big Brother without reservation, conscious or unconscious. Afterwards, the Thinkpol release the politically rehabilitated prisoners to the social mainstream of Oceania, for a while, before re-arresting them to reprise torture and interrogation that conclude with execution and cremation into an unperson; every member of the Inner Party and of the Outer Party who knew, was acquainted with, or knew of the political prisoners must forget them, lest they commit the thoughtcrime of remembering the existence of an unperson. Such ideological self-discipline, of not thinking such thoughts, is crimestop, an indication of the cultural success of Newspeak as a means of social control. Moreover, at Minitru, the unpersons' true records are replaced with false records; the Thinkpol do not interfere with the lives of the Proles, the working classes of Oceania, although they do deploy agents provocateur who continually operate amongst them, planting rumours to identify and attempt to eliminate any prole who shows intelligence and the capacity for independent thought, which might lead to rebellion against the Party's cultural hegemony.
In the early twentieth century, before the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four, the Empire of Japan, in 1911, established the Tokubetsu Kōtō Keisatsu, a political police force known as Shisō Keisatsu, the Thought Police, who investigated and controlled native political-groups whose ideologies were considered a threat to the public order of the countries colonised by Japan. In contemporary usage, the term Thought Police refers to the actual or perceived enforcement of ideological orthodoxy in the political life of a society. List of fictional secret police and intelligence organizations Secret police
Hessel Miedema was a leading Dutch art historian and the world authority on Karel van Mander. He was born in Sneek, but grew up in Amsterdam, where he studied art history at the University of Amsterdam. After his studies in 1957 he became curator of the Princessehof Ceramics Museum in Leeuwarden. In 1963 he returned to Amsterdam to write his dissertation on Karel van Mander. Though best known for his work on Van Mander, he is an artist and linguistics expert who has written poems and stories in his native Frisian, he wrote the poem De greate wrakseling with illustrations by his own hand in West Frisian in 1964 about a sculptor who fights for innovation against the strict structures of musea. The sculptor realizes at a certain point; the lives of the illustrious Netherlandish and German painters, from the first edition of the Schilder-boeck, preceded by the lineage and place of birth, life and... from the second edition of the Schilder-boeck, 1994-1997 Karel van Manders leven der moderne, oft dees-tijtsche doorluchtighe Italiaensche schilders en hun bron: een vergelijking tussen van Mander en Vasari, 1984 Kunst, kunstenaar en kunstwerk bij Karel Van Mander: een analyse van zijn levensbeschrijvingen, 1981 Miedema, Hessel.
"Over de betrouwbaarheid van Karel van Mander". Colloquium Neerlandicum 11. Amsterdam. De Archiefbescheiden van het St. Lukasgilde te Haarlem 1497-1798, 1980, ISBN 90-6469-584-9 Denkbeeldig schoon: Lambert ten Kate, opvattingen over beeldende kunst, 2007 ISBN 90-5997-035-7 Op'e literaire toer, 1973, Bolswert Koperative Utjowerij Hessel Miedema in Google books Hessel Miedema in the DBNL Overview of publications
Opera Siam Bangkok Opera, is an opera company in Bangkok, Thailand. It presents an international opera repertoire, together with home-grown favorites; the company was founded in 2001, as a production company to mount Madana, the first full-length grand opera by Thai composer S. P. Somtow; this production featured in the title role the American soprano Stacey Tappan. In 2002, with Somtow as artistic director, the Bangkok Opera began a series of productions, the first being Purcell's Dido and Aeneas; the series moved onto larger-scale works such as Mae Naak, The Magic Flute, Turandot. At the end of 2005 the Bangkok Opera declared its first "complete" season and started a five-year project to perform the complete Wagner's Ring Cycle, its resident orchestra is the Siam Philharmonic Orchestra and its resident chorus is the Orpheus Choir of Bangkok. The company performs at the Thailand Cultural Centre, at other venues in Bangkok. Somtow says the Bangkok Opera was set up based on the idea that, "nothing important has happened in art when an audience has been ready for it."
He says the opera caters to three groups: expatriates, high society, other Thais who love opera. He seeks to bring all three groups under one roof. In 2013 Opera Siam International premiered S. P. Somtow's ballet-opera Suriyothai in honour of the birthday of Queen Sirikit, it starred Stacey Tappan and Winita Lohitkul, was conducted by Trisdee na Patalung. Music of Thailand Official website of the Bangkok Opera Somtow's World Orpheus Choir Siam Philharmonic Michael Chance sings Ganesha's aria from "Ayodhya": audio
Aviation medicine called flight medicine or aerospace medicine, is a preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots, aircrews, or astronauts. The specialty strives to treat or prevent conditions to which aircrews are susceptible, applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation and is thus a critical component of aviation safety. A military practitioner of aviation medicine may be called a flight surgeon and a civilian practitioner is an aviation medical examiner. One of the biggest differences between the military and civilian flight doctors is the military flight surgeon's requirement to log flight hours. Broadly defined, this subdiscipline endeavors to discover and prevent various adverse physiological responses to hostile biologic and physical stresses encountered in the aerospace environment. Problems range from life support measures for astronauts to recognizing an ear block in an infant traveling on an airliner with elevated cabin pressure altitude.
Aeromedical certification of pilots and patients is part of Aviation Medicine. A final subdivision is the AeroMedical Transportation Specialty; these military and civilian specialists are concerned with protecting aircrew and patients who are transported by AirEvac aircraft. Atmospheric physics affect all air travelers regardless of the aircraft; as humans ascend through the first 9100–12,300 m, temperature decreases linearly at an average rate of 2 °C per 305 m. If sea-level temperature is 16 °C, the outside air temperature is −57 °C at 10,700 m. Pressure and humidity decline, aircrew are exposed to radiation and acceleration forces. Aircraft life support systems such as oxygen and pressurization are the first line of defense against most of the hostile aerospace environment. Higher performance aircraft provide more sophisticated life support equipment, such as "G-suits" to help the body resist the adverse effects of acceleration, along with pressure breathing apparatus, or ejection seats or other escape equipment.
Every factor contributing to a safe flight has a failure rate. The crew of an aircraft is no different. Aviation medicine aims to keep this rate in the humans involved equal to or below a specified risk level; this standard of risk is applied to airframe and systems associated with flights. AeroMedical examinations aim at screening for elevation in risk of sudden incapacitation, such as a tendency towards myocardial infarction, epilepsy or the presence of metabolic conditions diabetes, etc. which may lead to hazardous condition at altitude. The goal of the AeroMedical Examination is to protect the life and health of pilots and passengers by making reasonable medical assurance that an individual is fit to fly. Other screened conditions such as colour blindness can prevent a person from flying because of an inability to perform a function, necessary. In this case to tell green from red; these specialized medical exams consist of physical examinations performed by an Aviation Medical Examiner or a military Flight Surgeon, doctors trained to screen potential aircrew for identifiable medical conditions that could lead to problems while performing airborne duties.
In addition, this unique population of aircrews is a high-risk group for several diseases and harmful conditions due to irregular work shifts with irregular sleeping and irregular meals and work-related stress. Zadik, Y. Retrieved 2008-07-15. Zadik, Y. "Barodontalgia Due to Odontogenic Inflammation in the Jawbone". Retrieved 2008-07-15. Zadik, Y. "Dental Fractures on Acute Exposure to High Altitude". Retrieved 2008-07-15. Aeromedics - medical retrieval specialists Aerospace Medical Association Civil Aerospace Medical Institute Directory of US AMEs designated to perform FAA Aeromedical Examinations for pilots and aircrew Aviation Medicine from the Aviation Medicine Unit at the Department of Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand. Aerospace Medicine Article from Emedicine Aviation Medicine International Inc. Canadian Civil Aviation Medicine Medicina Aeroespacial Colombia Royal New Zealand Air Force Aviation Medicine Unit