SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

List of Roman emperors

The Roman emperors were the rulers of the Roman Empire dating from the granting of the title of Augustus to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus by the Roman Senate in 27 BC, after major roles played by the populist dictator and military leader Julius Caesar. Augustus maintained a facade of Republican rule, rejecting monarchical titles but calling himself princeps senatus and princeps civitatis; the title of Augustus was conferred on his successors to the imperial position. The style of government instituted by Augustus is called the Principate and continued until reforms by Diocletian; the modern word'emperor' derives from the title imperator, granted by an army to a successful general. For example, Augustus' official name was Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus; the territory under command of the emperor had developed under the period of the Roman Republic as it invaded and occupied most of Europe and portions of northern Africa and western Asia. Under the republic, regions of the empire were ruled by provincial governors answerable to and authorised by the Senate and People of Rome.

During the republic, the chief magistrates of Rome were two consuls elected each year. In the mid 1st century, Tiberius led major northern military conquests and under his reign, Jesus of Nazareth's preaching commences. Nero began the Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire. In the late 3rd century, after the Crisis of the Third Century, Diocletian formalised and embellished the recent manner of imperial rule, establishing the so-called Dominate period of the Roman Empire; this was characterised by the explicit increase of authority in the person of the Emperor, the use of the style Dominus Noster. The rise of powerful Barbarian tribes along the borders of the empire and the challenge they posed to defense of far-flung borders and unstable imperial succession led Diocletian to divide the administration geographically of the Empire in 286 with a co-Augustus. In 330, Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor introduced freedom of religion and established a second capital in Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople.

For most of the period from 286 to 480, there was more than one recognised senior emperor, with the division based in geographic terms. This division was in place after the death of Theodosius I in 395, which historians have dated as the division between the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. However, formally the Empire remained a single polity, with separate co-emperors in the separate courts; the fall of the Western Roman Empire, so the end of a separate list of emperors below, is dated either from the de facto date of 476 when Romulus Augustulus was deposed by the Germanic Herulians led by Odoacer or the de jure date of 480, on the death of Julius Nepos, when Eastern Emperor Zeno ended recognition of a separate Western court. In the period that followed, the Empire is treated by historians as the Byzantine Empire governed by the Byzantine Emperors, although this designation is not used universally, continues to be a subject of specialist debate today. In the 7th century, Heraclius meets the Companions of Muhammad, thus establishing the first meeting with Islam and facing the Arab Muslim conquests.

The line of emperors continued until the death of Constantine XI Palaiologos during the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, when the remaining territories were captured by the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed II. The Ottoman dynasty carried on using the tile of Caesar of Rome. Counting all individuals to have possessed the full imperial title, including those who did not technically rule in their own right, this list contains 196 emperors and 6 ruling empresses, for a total of 202 monarchs; the emperors listed in this article are those agreed to have been'legitimate' emperors, who appear in published regnal lists. The word'legitimate' is used by most authors, but without clear definition not since the emperorship was itself rather vaguely defined legally. In Augustus' original formulation, the princeps was selected by either the Senate or "the people" of Rome, but quite the legions became an acknowledged stand-in for "the people." A person could be proclaimed as emperor by their troops or by "the mob" in the street, but in theory needed to be confirmed by the Senate.

The coercion that resulted was implied in this formulation. Furthermore, a sitting emperor was empowered to name a successor and take him on as apprentice in government and in that case the Senate had no role to play, although it sometimes did when a successor lacked the power to inhibit bids by rival claimants. By the medieval period, the definition of the Senate became vague as well, adding to the complication. Lists of legitimate emperors are therefore influenced by the subjective views of those compiling them, partly by historical convention. Many of the'legitimate' emperors listed here acceded to the position by usurpation, many'illegitimate' claimants had a legitimate claim to the position; the following criteria have been used to derive emperor lists: Any individual who undisputedly ruled the whole Empire, at some point, is a'legitimate emperor'. Any individual, nominated as heir or co-emperor by a legitimate emperor, who succeeded to rule in his own right, is a legitimate emperor. Where there were multiple claimants, none were legitimate heirs

Janet Febisola Adeyemi

Janet Febisola Adeyemi is acting as the President of Women in Mining in Nigeria, an affiliate of International Women in Mining. She is serving on the Strategic Development and Policy Implementation Committee of the 2016 Governor-elect of Ondo State, she is part of a broad civil society network coordinating an intervention in the recent South Kaduna crisis. She notably served in Nigeria national House of Representative, Executive Board Member of ICRC, Senior Special Assistant to the Presidency on National Assembly Matters, Chairman of Ondo State Cocoa Industry, amongst other advisory committees and national developmental agendas. During her term in the National Assembly, she served as Chairman on Irrigation and Erosion Control, sub-committee Chairman for Solid Minerals and Water Resources, she sponsored/co-sponsored 15 bills enacted as law amongst several other initiative bills despite serving as a member of a minority political party. She declared her intention to run for senator of Ondo South District under All Progressives Congress on 17 September 2018.

Janet Adeyemi was born to Chief Ebenezer Akinboboye Adepoju and High Chief Florence Motinola Adepoju, famously known by her title as Yagbata of Ile oluji, Ondo State. Her father, Chief Adepoju was a diligent civil servant that supervised the execution of part of the major road that connects around Ile Oluji; the contractors and the people regarded him as a Man of Integrity as he shunned all appearance of materialism. Her mother, High Chief Adepoju, was a successful tradeswoman who came from a impoverished background and became one of the wealthiest merchants in her town. Adeyemi's parents were both notable personalities in the Ile-Oluji local community; the Adepoju family gave back to the community through various functions and social activities that the town people would visit the family house to share greetings and pleasantries. Adeyemi's uncle, Oba Stephen Sulade Adedugbe was the immediate late King of Ile-Oluji - a influential Monarch in SouthWest Nigeria, the Jegun of Ile-Oluji, she grew up in Jos during the civil war, her family was executed during the raids.

Her neighbor had provided a saving grace which enabled them to flee out of the state back to their state of origin. Adeyemi went on to attend the prestigious Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife for her undergraduate degree in Geology. Upon graduating, she served in the National Youth Service Corps programme as a pupil geologist, she and her would-be husband were recipients of the Commonwealth and European Economic Commission scholarships which sponsored them to Loughborough University of Technology, UK. It was during her graduate studies at Loughborough University, they were both studying engineering, started dating and decided to return to the country upon graduation to contribute to the society they grew. Adeyemi was elected to the House of Representative for Ile-oluji/Oke-igbo constituency in 1998, she worked across party lines on multiple occasions. She was regarded as a bridge builder as a result of her ability to work well with other political party members despite representing a minority political party.

She was known as an advocate for Gender Equality. Internally, Adeyemi co-sponsored the creation of the Niger-Delta Commission, an agency established to address the gross underdevelopment of the oil producing area in Nigeria, her peers regarded her as Madame Bitumen for her tenacity and championing the struggle to enact the Bitumen Development Commission Bill. She was one of the advocates for the Nigeria $18 Billion external debt relief. Adeyemi has served at various capacities including Executive Board member of the ICRC, Special Assistant to the Presidency on National Assembly Matters, Chairman of Ondo State Cocoa Industry, she was considered amongst the finalists for deputy governorship for the APC candidate in the 2016 Ondo State Gubernatorial Contest. She has helped with multiple Statewide campaigns, she was shortlisted for ministerial appointments for different portfolios in 2003 and 2007. Adeyemi serves on the boards of several non-governmental organizations, as a consultant to many bilateral and multi-lateral developmental organizations including World Bank and the United Nations, as well as many Statewide committee developmental initiatives.

She has organized several environmental-issue led workshops/conferences sponsored by Federal Environmental Protection Agency, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, United Nation Development Program, Federal Ministry of Environment, amongst many others. She served on the committee for the creation of Nigeria Delta Development Commission.

Yllymakh

Yllymakh is a rural locality, one of five settlements, in addition to Tommot, the administrative centre of the settlement, the Urban-type settlement of Bezymyanny, the villages of Ulu and Verkhnyaya Amga in the Town of Tommot of Aldansky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located 150 kilometers from the district centre and 75 kilometers from Tommot, its population as of the 2010 Census was 472. Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Aldansky District. Государственное Собрание Республики Саха. Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха », в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования.

Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г