Sun TV Network
Sun TV Network Limited is an Indian mass media company headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is Asia's largest TV network. Established on 14 April 1993 by Kalanidhi Maran, it owns a variety of television channels and radio stations in multiple languages, its flagship channel is Sun TV, the first privately owned Tamil channel in India. Sun Group has owned Hyderabad-based IPL team Sunrisers Hyderabad since 2012. Sun Group owns and operates 32 TV channels across Indian languages - Tamil, Kannada,Malayalam and Marathi. Sun Group will be launching 7 new HD channels and 3 new SD channels including network's first channels in Marathi language, marking the entry of the company into North Indian market after sun bangla. After this, Sun Group will have a total of 42 channels in their bouquet. Sun Group owns five magazines in Tamil. Dinakaran was founded in 1977 by K. P. Kandasamy and was acquired from K. P. K. Kumaran by Sun Network in 2005, it is the second largest circulated Tamil daily in India after Dina Thanthi.
Tamil Murasu is an evening newspaper. The group owns the magazines Kungumam, Kumguma Chimizh, Kungumam Thozhi, Aanmigam and Vannathirai; the group owns 48 FM radio stations across India broadcasting under the names Suryan FM and Red FM. Sun NXT is a global online audio/video streaming platform operated by Sun TV Network Ltd.. Has more than 8000 movie titles. Including movies like Rajinikanth's Petta and Vijay's sarkar, produced by Sun pictures; the super hit movie 96 was released after 40 days. Sun Kudumbam Awards Sunrisers Hyderabad
Television in India
The television industry in India is a wide-ranging one. More than half of all Indian households own a television; as of 2016, the country had over 857 channels of. In January 1950, The Indian Express reported that a television was put up for demonstration at an exhibition in the Teynampet locality of Madras by B. Sivakumaran, a student of electrical engineering. A letter was scanned and its image displayed on a cathode ray tube screen; the report said that "t may be this is not the whole of television but it is the most significant link in the system" and added that the demonstration of the sort could be the "first in India". In Kolkata, television was first used in the house of the wealthy Neogi family. Terrestrial television in India started with the experimental telecast starting in Delhi on 15 September 1959 with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. Daily transmission began in 1965 as a part of All India Radio. Television service was extended to Bombay and Amritsar in 1972. Up until 1975, only seven Indian cities had television services.
Satellite Instructional Television Experiment was an important step taken by India to use television for development. The programmes were produced by Doordarshan, a part of the AIR; the telecast happened twice a day, in the evenings. Other than information related to agriculture and family planning were the other important topics dealt with in these programmes. Entertainment was included in the form of dance, drama and rural art forms. Television services were separated from radio in 1976. National telecast was introduced in 1982. In the same year, color television was introduced in the Indian market. Indian small screen programming started off in the early 1980s. During this time, there was the government-owned Doordarshan; the Ramayana and Mahabharata, both based on the Indian epics of the same names, were the first major television series produced. They notched up world record in viewership numbers. By the late 1980s, more people began to own television sets. Though there was a single channel, television programming had reached saturation.
Hence the government opened up another channel which had part national programming and part regional. This channel was known as DD 2 renamed DD Metro. Both channels were broadcast terrestrially. In 1997, Prasar Bharati, a statutory autonomous body was established. Doordarshan along with the AIR were converted into government corporations under Prasar Bharati; the Prasar Bharati Corporation was established to serve as the public service broadcaster of the country which would achieve its objectives through AIR and Doordashan. This was a step towards greater autonomy for Doordarshan and AIR. However, Prasar Bharati has not succeeded in shielding Doordarshan from government control; the transponders of the American satellites PAS 1 and PAS-4 helped in the transmission and telecast of DD. An international channel called DD International was started in 1995 and it telecasts programs for 19 hours a day to foreign countries-via PAS-4 to Europe and Africa, via PAS-1 to North America; the 1980s was the era of DD with shows like Hum Log, Wagle Ki Duniya and comedy shows like Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, other than the popular mythological dramas like Ramayan and Mahabharat glued millions to Doordarshan and on Chandrakanta.
Hindi film songs based programs like Chitrahaar, Superhit Muqabla and crime thrillers like Karamchand, Byomkesh Bakshi. Shows targeted at children included Divyanshu ki Kahaniyan, Vikram Betal, Malgudi Days, Tenali Rama, it is noted that Bengali filmmaker Prabir Roy had the distinction of introducing colour television coverage in India in February–March 1982 during the Nehru Cup, a football tournament, held at Eden Gardens, with five on-line camera operation, before Doordarshan started the same during the Delhi Asian Games in November that year. The central government launched a series of economic and social reforms in 1991 under Prime Minister Narasimha Rao. Under the new policies the government allowed private and foreign broadcasters to engage in limited operations in India; this process has been pursued by all subsequent federal administrations. Foreign channels like CNN, STAR TV and private domestic channels such as Zee TV, ETV, Sun TV and Asianet started satellite broadcasts. Starting with 41 sets in 1962 and one channel, by 1995, television in India had covered more than 70 million homes giving a viewing population of more than 400 million individuals through more than 100 channels.
There are at least five basic types of television in India: broadcast or "over-the-air" television, unencrypted satellite or "free-to-air", Direct-to-Home, cable television, IPTV. Over-the-air and free-to-air TV is free with no monthly payments while Cable, DTH, IPTV require a monthly payment that varies depending on how many channels a subscriber chooses to pay for. Channels are sold in groups or a la carte. All television service providers are required by law to provide a la carte selection of channels. In India, the broadcast of free-to-air television is governed through state-owned Prasar Bharati Corporation, with the Doordarshan group of channels being the only broadcaster; as such, cable television is the primary source of TV programming in India. Private channels were started in about 1993; as per the TAM Annual Universe Update - 2015, India now has over 167 million households with television sets, of which over 161 million have access to Cable TV or Satellite TV, including 84 mill
Star Maa is an Indian pay television channel based in Hyderabad, Telangana. Star Maa and its channels are owned by Star India, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company India. MAA Television Network Limited as a corporate entity was formed in 2001 and the main GEC channel, MAA TV, was launched in 2002; the second channel, MAA Music, was launched in 2008. In February 2015, Star India, a unit of The Walt Disney Company India, has acquired the entire broadcast business of MAA Television Network Ltd for ₹2,500 crore; the major channels of Telugu language are owned by either a Ramoji Group, national network or a network from their neighboring states. In terms of programme ratings, STAR MAA, the main General Entertainment Channel in the network, is among the top 20 TV channels in India, it is one of the Telugu-language TV channels. The channel is available on DTH and IPTV platforms in India. In the USA it is available through Dish TV and IPTV, it is now available in Singapore on IPTV Singtel mio TV Channel 671.
Star Maa is available in countrysMalaysia on Cable TV ABNXcess on Channel 583 and Dubai. Star Maa has four channels in its network. Star Maa Star Maa Movies Star Maa Gold Star Maa Music Agnisakshi Koilamma Kumkumapuvvu Lakshmi kalyanam Geetha govindam BIGG BOSS - Hosted by Jr. NTR Ali Talkies - a film-based talk show hosted by ace comedian Ali.
Telangana is a state in India situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital, its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, Andhra Pradesh to the east and south; the terrain of Telangana region consists of hills, mountain ranges, thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km. As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts. Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the Cholas, Satavahanas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals. The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars and Ceded Districts, which were handed over to the East India Company; the annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State, the Nizam's dominion, of the considerable coastline it had, to that of a landlocked princely state with territories in Central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state; the Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, continued until Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014. The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.43 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹181,000. The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software and services sector; the state is the main administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory. The cultural hearts of Telangana and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district; the historic city Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and Noor-ul-Ain.
Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship. A popular etymology derives the word "Telangana" from Trilinga desa, a region so called because three important Shaivite shrines were located here: Kaleshwaram and Draksharama. According to Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, a former director of Andhra Pradesh Oriental Manuscripts Library and Research Centre, the name Telangana is of Gondi origin. Rao asserts that it is derived from "Telangadh", which according to him, means "south" in Gondi and has been referred to in "Gond script dating back to about 2000 years". One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul, called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana, he was the commander of the Warangal Fort. A 16th-century travel writer, recorded in his book: During the just reign of Ibrahim Kootb Shah, like Egypt, became the mart of the whole world.
Merchants from Toorkistan and Persia resorted to it. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily abounded at the king's hospitable board; the word "Telinga" changed over time to "Telangana" and the name "Telangana" was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State from its predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency's Circars and Ceded. Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire, Satavahana dynasty, Vakataka dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Kakatiya Dynasty, the Musunuri Nayaks the Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Qutb Shahi dynasty, Mughal Empire and Asaf Jahi Dynasty; the Satavahana dynasty became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari
Zee Cinemalu is a Telugu language movie channel of the Zee Entertainment Enterprises
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India. Situated in the south-east of the country, it is the seventh-largest state in India, covering an area of 162,970 km2; as per the 2011 census, it is the tenth most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The largest city in Andhra Pradesh is Visakhapatnam. Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the major and official language of Andhra Pradesh. On 2 June 2014, the north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form the new state Telangana and the longtime capital of Andhra Pradesh, was transferred to Telangana as part of the division. However, in accordance with the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad was to remain as the acting capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of time not exceeding ten years; the new riverfront de facto capital, Amaravati, is under the jurisdiction of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority. Andhra Pradesh has a coastline of 974 km – the second longest coastline among the states of India, after Gujarat – with jurisdiction over 15,000 km2 of territorial waters.
The state is bordered by Telangana in the north-west and Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south, to the east lies the Bay of Bengal. The small enclave of Yanam, a district of Puducherry, lies to the south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta on the eastern side of the state; the state is made up of the two major regions of Rayalaseema, in the inland southwestern part of the state, Coastal Andhra to the east and northeast, bordering the Bay of Bengal. The state comprises thirteen districts in total, nine of which are located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema; the largest city and commercial hub of the state are Visakhapatnam, located on the Bay of Bengal, with a GDP of US$43.5 billion. The economy of Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹8.70 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹142,000. Andhra Pradesh hosted 121.8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India.
The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the world's most visited religious sites, with 18.25 million visitors per year. Other pilgrimage centres in the state include the Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga at Srisailam, the Srikalahasteeswara Temple at Srikalahasti, the Ameen Peer Dargah in Kadapa, the Mahachaitya at Amaravathi, the Kanaka Durga Temple in Vijayawada, Prasanthi Nilayam in Puttaparthi; the state's natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations such as the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, the island of Konaseema in the Godavari River delta. A tribe named. According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhra left north India and settled in south India; the Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jateeya and Andhrabhrtya in the Puranic literature. They did not refer themselves as Andhra in any of their inscriptions. Archaeological evidence from places such as Amaravati and Vaddamanu suggests that the Andhra region was part of the Mauryan Empire.
Amaravati might have been a regional centre for the Mauryan rule. After the death of Emperor Ashoka, Mauryan rule weakened around 200 BCE and was replaced by several smaller kingdoms in the Andhra region; the Satavahana dynasty dominated the Deccan region from the 1st century BC to the 3rd century. The Satavahanas made Dharanikota and Amaravathi their capital, which according to the Buddhists is the place where Nagarjuna, the philosopher of Mahayana lived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries; the Andhra Ikshvakus, with their capital at Vijayapuri, succeeded the Satavahanas in the Krishna River valley in the latter half of the 2nd century. Pallavas, who were executive officers under the Satavahana kings, were not a recognised political power before the 2nd century AD and were swept away by the Western Chalukyan invasion, led by Pulakesin II in the first quarter of the 7th century CE. After the downfall of the Ikshvakus, the Vishnukundinas were the first great dynasty in the 5th and 6th centuries, held sway over the entire Andhra country, including Kalinga and parts of Telangana.
They played an important role in the history of Deccan during the 5th and 6th century CE, with Eluru and Puranisangam. The Salankayanas were an ancient dynasty that ruled the Andhra region between Godavari and Krishna with their capital at Vengi from 300 to 440 CE; the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, whose dynasty lasted for around five hundred years from the 7th century until 1130 C. E. merged with the Chola empire. They continued to rule under the protection of the Chola empire until 1189 C. E. when the kingdom succumbed to the Hoysalas and the Yadavas. The roots of the Telugu language have been seen on inscriptions found near the Guntur district and from others dating to the rule of Renati Cholas in the fifth century CE. Kakatiyas constructed several forts, they were succeeded by the Musunuri Nayaks. The Reddy dynasty was established by Prolaya Vema Reddi in the early 14th century, who ruled from present day Kondaveedu. Prolaya Vema Reddi was part of the confederation of states that started a movement against the invading Turkic Muslim armies of the Delhi
Zee Telugu is a Telugu cable television channel in India. It is offered by part of the Essel Group. By 2004, the Zee Network had a strong presence in northern and western India, with channels in Bengali, Gujarati and Punjabi, its proposed Telugu-language channel marked the network's first venture into the southern India entertainment market. Zee Network expected the channel to launch by August 2004, but the launch did not take place until September; the channel launched with the name Alpha TV Telugu, but was renamed Zee Telugu. It featured a large number of American films dubbed into Telugu. In August 2007, the network dubbed famous Bollywood film Sholay from Hindi into Telugu as an experiment. By December 2005, despite having popular programs such as the game show Gold Rush, hosted by well-known female anchor Udayabhanu, as well as the soap opera Nishabdam, Zee Telugu had only achieved a 1.24% weekday and 1.86% weekend market share in Andhra Pradesh. As a result, it re-launched in order to shift the target market segment from a mass market to a segmented market of upwardly mobile young professionals.
The network suffered a loss of Rs.460 million in the fiscal year 2007. In late 2006, Zee Telugu began work on a Telugu-language singing competition. Anchored by Nandi Award winner Suneetha, the judges' panel included renowned Telugu music figures Koti and Ramana Gogula and was scheduled to run for 35 episodes; the show was so successful that by February 2005, Zee Telugu announced plans to launch Little Champs, a version of the show aimed at viewers ages 6–13, hosted by former Indian Idol runner-up N. C. Karunya. Mee Inti Vanta, an instructional cooking show, has aired more than 1,000 episodes, it is hosted by the famous anchor Sumalatha. The program was popular among female viewers and dominated the market share in the afternoon slot. All other channels started their own instructional cooking shows. Another show on the network is a steamy anthology serial called Midnight Masala and it gained popularity by broadcasting all of Vishnuvardhan's hot rain songs, it aired stories which contained many promiscuous scenes.
It was watched by adults but some people criticized that it is too racy for Telugu TV. It aired from December 2007 - December 2008 and again in 2007-2008, its highest TRP was 2.0, an all-time high in the midnight slot in Telugu television which networks like Maa and Eenadu Entertainment could not beat. Another program introduced was Sreekaram Subhakaram, an astrology based program with astrologer Vakkantham Chandramouli and popular anchor Sumalatha; this is a live program and the many other channels are trying to follow suit. In September 2005, the channel announced after months of deliberations that Sanjay Reddy would be their new chief executive officer, succeeding Ajay Kumar, who had left several months previously. Reddy had worked at The Walt Disney Company and Pearl Media. Reddy's plan in 2008 includes children's programming. On May 22, 2015, Zee Telugu celebrated its 10-year anniversary. On 15 October 2017, along with other Zee channels, it changed to a Blue coloured Logo On December 31, 2017, A refresh look of ZEE Telugu and Sister Channel ZEE Cinemalu along with their HD channels was revealed in Zee Golden Awards and launched by Dr.
Chiranjeevi while Samantha Akkineni was made as the Brand Ambassador Varevah Raktha Sambhandam Gundamma Katha Gruhapravesham Bathuku Jatka Bandi Tenali Ramakrishna ° Kumkum Bhagya ° Ganga Manga America Ammayi Muddha Mandaram Na kodalu Bangaram Mate Mantramo Kalyana Vaibhogam Mutyala muggu Suryavamsham Drama juniors^ Sa Re Ga Ma Pa ^Note ` represents they are repeated shows that have gone off air ° represents they are dubbed versions of serial with same name ^ represents they air on weekends only Official site