List of Townsville suburbs
Belgian Gardens in an inner city suburb in the City of Townsville, Australia. In the 2011 census, Belgian Gardens had a population of 1,935 people. Belgian Gardens is located 5 kilometres from the central business district in Townsville, it is a suburban area and has restricted zoning laws to reduce the amount of corporate buildings and apartments. It is adjacent to many kilometres of beach front parkland. Before the advent of World War I, the suburb was named German Gardens after a vineyard owned in 1867 by German settler, Heinrich Fredrich Alfred Robinson. However, during the course of the war due to anti-German sentiment, the suburb was renamed to Belgian Gardens. Townsville North State School was opened on 4 July 1887. On 20 June 1930, the school was renamed Belgian Gardens State School. During the influenza epidemic in 1919, schools were closed and Belgian Gardens school was converted into an isolation hospital with the army erecting tents in the grounds. In 1954, 246 students were enrolled.
Belgian Gardens is home to the Belgian Gardens State School. The Belgian Gardens Cemetery was once in the suburb but boundary changes means the cemetery is now in the neighbouring suburb of Rowes Bay. Belgian Gardens has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 13 St James Drive: Bishop's Lodge Australian place names changed from German names University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Belgian Gardens
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Mount Louisa is a residential suburb located on the north and ocean side of Townsville city. It is placed around the foothills of Mount Louisa itself rising from 15 m above sea level to the mountain's peak of 185 m ASL; the older section of Mount Louisa faces the ocean and Magnetic Island, while new developments in the 2000's and 2010s have seen large new housing estates being built on the western and northern aspects of the Mountain. As of 2019 it is a popular fast growing suburb. During World War II as many as 4,000 American personnel worked and lived at Depot #2 at the base of Mount Louisa. Entertainment in the camp was held at Helton Hall, an open aired building named after Master Sergeant Helton, killed in the B-25 crash at Rattlesnake Island; some famous Hollywood stars appeared at Helton Hall including John Wayne, Joe E. Brown, Gary Cooper, Una Merkel and Phyllis Brook. Woody Herman's orchestra appeared at Helton Hall. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Mount Louisa
Cosgrove is a suburb in the City of Townsville, Australia. Cosgrove is bordered by the North Coast railway line to the north with the Bruce Highway running parallel and south of the railway line; the Bohle River forms the western boundary. The suburb was named after General Sir Peter Cosgrove, the former head of the Australian Defence Force and leader of Queensland Government taskforce for the rebuilding of Innisfail region after cyclone Larry in March 2006; the Reverend Charles Harris Diversionary Centre is located on Abbatoir Road. It is a 50-bed facility to provide a place of safety and monitoring for Indigenous people affected by alcohol as an alternative to being held in the Townsville police watch house
Mysterton is a suburb of Townsville, Australia. In the 2011 census, Mysterton had a population of 834 people, it is one of the smallest suburbs in Townsville. Mysterton is predominantly residential, is situated between the suburbs of Hermit Park, Mundingburra and Hyde Park. Mysterton was named after the residence of Arminius Danner which during the 1880s was situated in the St Johns Wood Estate subdivision. During another subdivision in the 1920s, it was known as Mysterton Estate. Mysterton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 21 Lawson Street: Rosebank, home of Townsville pioneer, Andrew Ball Media related to Mysterton, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Aitkenvale is a suburb of the City of Townsville, Australia. The suburb is named after the original grantee of Portion 38, Parish of Coonambelah, he began subdividing the property during the 1880s, putting 440 quarter-acre residential allotments on the market in 1885. A dairy farm was established in the region by Thomas Aitken in about 1867, the two remaining buildings of this farm are still standing on what is now Leopold Street adjacent to Ross River; the Aitkenvale public library opened in 1971. Aitkenvale is now a major residential district of the city; the suburb is home to two of Townsville's biggest shopping centres and is home to branches of numerous companies. Aitkenvale is the biggest commercial centre in Townsville outside of the Townsville CBD, is referred to as the second CBD. Besides offices and shopping centres, the suburb is residential and has some light industrial warehouses and workshops in the top north-eastern corner of the suburb. There is picturesque parkland along the bank of the Ross River.
The suburb was affected by the 2019 Townsville flood with riverside areas around Thompson Street inundated, along with Ross River Road adjacent to the Aitkenvale Library where floodwaters claimed two lives. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 4,790 people in Aitkenvale. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 6.7% of the population. 73.3% of people were born in Australia. 79.0% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Somali at 2.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.0%, Catholic 23.8% and Anglican 14.0%. Education Aitkenvale State School, which opened on 1 June 1924. Aitkenvale Special School, which opened on 28 August 1972 and closed on 31 December 2001, due to an amalgamation with Mundingburra Special School to form Townsville Community Learning Centre. Riverside Adventist Christian School Public Facilities Parks Aitkenvale Park Rossiter Park Henrietta Park Public Libraries CityLibraries Aitkenvale at 4 Petunia Street, operated by CityLibraries Townsville Sporting Grounds Illich Park Shopping Stockland Townsville Myer Big W Kmart Coles Woolworths 205 Specialties Stores University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Aitkenvale
The City of Townsville is an Australian local government area located in North Queensland, Australia. It encompasses the city of Townsville, together with the surrounding rural areas, to the south are the communities of Alligator Creek and Reid River, to the north are Northern Beaches and Paluma, included is Magnetic Island, it has a population of 186,757 residents, is the 28th-largest LGA in Australia. Prior to 2008, the new City of Townsville was an entire area of two previous and distinct local government areas: the former City of Townsville; the City of Townsville was first established as the Borough of Townsville under the Municipal Institutions Act 1864 on 15 February 1866. The surrounding rural area, given the name Thuringowa Division, was established on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. On 31 March 1903, Thuringowa Division became the Shire of Thuringowa and Townsville was granted city status under the Local Authorities Act 1902, the ancestor of the current Local Government Act 1993.
The borders of the Townsville municipality were expanded to keep pace with urban growth in 1882, 1918, 1936, 1958 and 1964 – the purpose of expanding the borders was to keep urban and rural administrations separate. This state government convention changed under the Bjelke-Peterson government and the borders between the two local governments became static. By 1986 the Shire of Thuringowa was declared a city. In 1939, Fred Paterson stood as an alderman for the Townsville City Council, becoming the first member of the Communist Party to win such an office in Australia, he was re-elected in 1943. The same year, he was narrowly defeated, he contested and won the Bowen seat in the Queensland Parliament, holding it from 1944 until 1950. A succession of endorsed Labor Party mayors and majority councillors held a continuous civic government from 1976–2008, this was the longest continuous Labor administration in the country until Tony Mooney was defeated in 2008. Following local government reform undertaken by the State Government of Queensland, the City of Townsville and the City of Thuringowa were amalgamated in 2008.
The process of amalgamation was completed on the election of a new combined council on 15 March 2008. 1866–1867: John Melton Black 1868: William Alfred Ross 1869: William Aplin 1870: Frederick Coleman 1871–1872: Patrick Hanran 1873: S. F. Walker 1874: Joseph Fletcher 1875: S. F. Walker 1876: Henry Knapp 1876–1877: Patrick Hanran 1878: E. A. Head 1879: Patrick Hanran 1880–1881: Thankful Percy Willmett 1882: Patrick Hanran 1883: W. V. Brown 1883–1884: Thankful Percy Willmett 1885: Eugene J. Forrest 1885: Henry Barbenson Le Touzel Hubert 1886: W. P. Walker 1887–1888: Arthur Glennie Bundock 1889: John Newport Parkes 1890: William Clayton 1891: Lionel Fairley 1892: Patrick Hanran 1892: C. F. A. Sparre 1893: Patrick Hanran 1894: Murdo Cameron 1895: Eugene J. Forrest 1896: Patrick Hanran 1897: Michael McKiernan 1898: A. E. McCreedy 1899: Thomas Enright 1900: A. E. McCreedy 1901: Murdo Cameron 1902: Thankful Percy Willmett 1903: William Archer Ackers 1904: Thomas Smyth 1905: Murdo Cameron 1906: J. Thompson 1907: Peter Minehan 1988: G. Murray 1909: Thomas Smyth 1910: Joseph Hodel 1911: George Murray 1912: John Henry Tyack 1913: Robert Wilson McClelland 1914–1915: William Henry Swales 1916: Robert Wilson McClelland 1917–1918: John Edward Clegg 1919: Thomas George Melrose 1920–1923: William Green 1924–1926: Anthony Ogden 1927–1932: William John Heatley 1933–1952: John Stewart Mitchell Gill 1952–1967: Angus J. Smith 1967–1972: Harold Phillips 1972–1976: Max Hooper 1976–1980: Perc Tucker 1980–1989: Mike Reynolds 1989–2008: Tony Mooney 2008–2012: Les Tyrell 2012–:Jenny HillOther notable aldermen include: 1936–1949 Tom Aikens, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Mundingburra and Townsville South Townsville City Council is the Local Government Authority that services the Local Government Area of Townsville.
The council is represented by the mayor, who have been elected by the whole city. The current mayor is Cr Jenny Hill, the deputy mayor of the pre-amalgamation City of Townsville in 2007 and early 2008; the council provides many services to residents of the city of Townsville, including infrastructure, garbage, public works, entertainment and leisure i.e. parks, events etc. In 2006 the council had an operating expenditure of $201.3M and a capital works budget of $103.3M The current civic cabinet consists of one mayor, elected at large, 10 councillors, elected from 10 individual divisions. At the last Queensland Local Government election, held on 19 March 2016, Jenny Hill from the centre-left Team Jenny Hill was elected mayor of Townsville, along with 10 other councillors from the same team. No councillors were elected from the rival centre-right Jayne Arlett's team, nor were any independents creating an undivided council. Les Walker, from Team Jenny Hill, was elected as deputy mayor; the populations given relate to the component entities prior to 2008.
The 2011 census was the first for the new City. The Townsville City Council operates libraries at Aitkenvale, Townsville City and Thuringowa Central, it operates a mobile library service, serving the following suburbs on a regular schedule: Monday: Deeragun & Bluewater Tuesday: Nelly Bay, opening hours may be affected by tide times Wednesday: Rollingstone & Saunders Beach, fortnightly alternating with Alligator Creek and Oakvale Port Moresby, Papua New Gui