New Jersey's 14th congressional district
New Jersey's Fourteenth Congressional District in the House of Representatives was eliminated after the 1990 Census. As a result of the Congressional apportionment performed after this Census, New Jersey lost one seat and was reduced to thirteen seats in the House of Representatives. New Jersey had gained a fourteenth seat following the 1930 Census, had as many as fifteen seats following the 1960 and 1970 Censuses. After 1980, New Jersey was back down to fourteen seats. In the 1980s, the district covered an area surrounding Jersey City, was represented for seven terms by Frank Guarini. With the new lines drawn after the 1990 Census, this seat was renumbered as the Thirteenth District; the 14th congressional district was created starting with the 73rd United States Congress in 1933, based on redistricting following the United States Census, 1930. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Henry C. Allen
Henry Crosby Allen was an American Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1905 to 1907. Martin was born in Paterson, New Jersey on May 13, 1872, he attended private and public schools in his native city, graduated from St Paul's School in Garden City, New York in 1889, from Yale University in 1893, from the New York Law School in 1895. He commenced practice in Paterson. Martin was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-ninth Congress, serving in office from March 4, 1905 – March 3, 1907, but was not a candidate for renomination in 1906. After leaving Congress, he resumed the practice of law in Paterson, served as the postmaster of Paterson from 1926-1935, he died in Connecticut on March 7, 1942, while visiting his daughter. He was interred in Cedar Lawn Cemetery in Paterson. United States Congress. "Henry C. Allen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Henry Crosby Allen at The Political Graveyard
John Herbert Adler was an American politician who served as a U. S. Representative for New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 2009 until 2011, he was a member of the Democratic Party. He was a member of the New Jersey Senate from 1992 to 2009, where he represented the 6th Legislative District; the district stretches from the suburbs of Philadelphia to Ocean County. He lost the 2010 congressional election to former football player Jon Runyan and died the following year. In 2012 Adler's widow, Shelley Adler, announced her candidacy for the seat. Adler was born in the son of Mary Louise and John Herbert Adler, his ancestry included German and Irish. He moved to New Jersey when he was two years old, his father owned a small dry cleaning store. When Adler was in high school, his father died after a series of heart attacks. Adler and his mother lost the family business, survived off his father's Social Security benefits for widows and minors, he attended Haddonfield Memorial High School. He went on to receive a B.
A. from Harvard College in Government, earned a J. D. from Harvard Law School. He paid for law school through student loans and working odd jobs throughout college. From 1988 until 1989, Adler served on the Cherry Hill Township Council. While serving on the Council, Adler passed the township's ethics ordinance. In 1990 Adler challenged incumbent Jim Saxton for his seat in New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District. Adler was defeated by Saxton by a margin of 60% to 40%. Adler was elected in 1991 to the New Jersey State Senate, where he served from 1992 until his inauguration into the U. S. House of Representatives in 2009. While in the New Jersey State Senate, Adler served on the Judiciary Committee and the Environment Committee, he served on the New Jersey Israel Commission since 1995, on the New Jersey Intergovernmental Relations Commission from 1994 to 2002. Adler was co-sponsor of the New Jersey Smoke-Free Air Act, enacted in 2006, which banned smoking in all public places. Adler was one of three co-sponsors of a Senate bill submitted in 2008 that would extend the smoking ban to casinos and simulcasting facilities, exempted in the earlier version of the ban.
Adler co-sponsored legislation that strips government pensions from public employees who are convicted of or plead guilty to corruption charges. Adler co-sponsored a bill that would expand voting rights for military personnel and New Jersey citizens overseas to include state and local elections; the bill was signed into law on August 2008, by Governor Corzine. Committee on Financial Services Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government-Sponsored Enterprises Subcommittee on Domestic Monetary Policy and Technology Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Committee on Veterans' Affairs Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity Subcommittee on Oversight and InvestigationsU. S. Congressman Adler was ranked by The National Journal as one of the ten most centrist members in the House of Representatives, he is ranked as 50.5 percent 49.5 percent conservative. Adler was in favor of the American Reinvestment Act. Adler voted against the Troubled Asset Relief Program, voted to end the program. In January 2009, Adler announced his first bill as a U.
S. Representative: the Safeguarding America's Seniors and Veterans Act, which mandated a one-time payment of $500 to persons eligible for Social Security, railroad retirement, or veterans disability benefits. According to a statement by Adler's office, the bill was necessary because "the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 fails to address the needs of our seniors and veterans"; the bill attracted 11 cosponsors. Adler voted for the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. In November 2009 and March 2010, Adler voted against the Senate Health Care bills, he did not sign a petition circulated by Iowa Republican Steve King calling for a complete repeal of the law. Adler voted in favor of the American Clean Security Act. On October 7, 2003, along with Rep. Bill Pascrell of New Jersey's 8th Congressional District, Adler formally endorsed Senator John Kerry for President and became the Co-Chairman of John Kerry's campaign in the Garden State. Shortly afterwards on December 19, 2003, Governor of New Jersey Jim McGreevey and most of the New Jersey Democratic Party came out in support of Former Governor of Vermont Howard Dean for President.
Because of this endorsement for Kerry, Kerry's decisive win in the Democratic Primary, Adler was rumored to be the frontrunner for U. S. Attorney for New Jersey if the Senator from Massachusetts had won the 2004 presidential election. On September 20, 2007, Adler announced. By this time, the district had been renumbered as New Jersey's 3rd congressional district. On November 9, 2007, Saxton announced that he would not seek reelection in 2008, citing prostate cancer; this altered the dynamics of the race. Adler was unopposed in the Democratic primary, faced Republican Medford Mayor, Lockheed Martin executive, Gulf War veteran Chris Myers. During the 2008 election cycle, Adler was one of the first elected officials in New Jersey to endorse Barack Obama for the Democratic presidential nomination in a state where the party establishment supported Hillary Clinton. Adler held a financial advantage over his opponent through all of the race, holding a 10–1 or 5–1 funding edge over Myers for a majority of the campaign.
Adler had raised the most mon
Ernest Robinson Ackerman
Ernest Robinson Ackerman was an American Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1919 to 1931. Ackerman was born in New York City on June 17, 1863, moved with his parents to Plainfield, New Jersey shortly afterwards, he was educated at public and private schools and graduated from Plainfield High School in 1880. Employed in cement manufacturing, Ackerman was a member of the Plainfield common council in 1891 and 1892. Ackerman was as a member of the New Jersey Senate from 1905 to 1911, serving as president in 1911, he was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions at Chicago in 1908 and in 1916 and a member of the board of trustees of Rutgers College, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1916-1920. He was a Federal food administrator for Union County, New Jersey during the First World War and a member of the New Jersey Board of Education 1918-1920. In September 1907, Ackerman and his wife, Nora Weber Ackerman, attended the maiden voyage of the Cunard liner RMS Lusitania from Liverpool to New York.
Ackerman was a member of the New Jersey Geological Survey and associate of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He was elected as a Republican to the six succeeding Congresses, he served from March 4, 1919, until his death in Plainfield, New Jersey, on October 18, 1931. Ackerman was a famous philatelist, had created a number of award-winning exhibits of postal stamps and postal history, he was known for his famous collections of British Guiana and Spain, but he was regarded as an expert in postage stamps and postal history of the United States. His U. S. collection included scarce carrier and local stamps, United States Department stamps, U. S. proofs. A part of his valuable United States collection was bequeathed to the Smithsonian Institution’s National Postal Museum in Washington, D. C. Ackerman was named to the American Philatelic Society Hall of Fame in 2000. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Ernest Robinson Ackerman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Ernest Robinson Ackerman at The Political Graveyard Ernest Robinson Ackerman at Find a Grave APS Hall of Fame - Ackerman
The Democratic-Republican Party was an American political party formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison around 1792 to oppose the centralizing policies of the new Federalist Party run by Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury and chief architect of George Washington's administration. From 1801 to 1825, the new party controlled the presidency and Congress as well as most states during the First Party System, it began in 1791 as one faction in Congress and included many politicians, opposed to the new constitution. They called themselves Republicans after republicanism, they distrusted the Federalist tendency to centralize and loosely interpret the Constitution, believing these policies were signs of monarchism and anti-republican values. The party splintered in 1824, with the faction loyal to Andrew Jackson coalescing into the Jacksonian movement, the faction led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay forming the National Republican Party and some other groups going on to form the Anti-Masonic Party.
The National Republicans, Anti-Masons, other opponents of Andrew Jackson formed themselves into the Whig Party. During the time that this party existed, it was referred to as the Republican Party. To distinguish it from the modern Republican Party, political scientists and pundits refer to this party as the Democratic-Republican Party or the Jeffersonian Republican Party; when the modern Republican Party was founded in 1854, it deliberately chose to name itself after the Jeffersonians. In response, contemporary Democrats embraced the name Democratic-Republican to reinforce their party's claim to the party's pre-Jacksonian history. Modern Democratic politicians continue to claim Jefferson as their founder; the party arose from the Anti-Administration faction which met secretly in the national capital to oppose Alexander Hamilton's financial programs. Jefferson denounced the programs as leading to subversive of republicanism. Jefferson needed to have a nationwide party to challenge the Federalists, which Hamilton was building up with allies in major cities.
Foreign affairs took a leading role in 1794–1795 as the Republicans vigorously opposed the Jay Treaty with the United Kingdom, at war with France. Republicans saw France as more democratic after its Revolution while the United Kingdom represented the hated monarchy; the party denounced many of Hamilton's measures as unconstitutional the national bank. The party was weakest in the Northeast, it demanded states' rights as expressed by the "Principles of 1798" articulated in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions that would allow states to nullify a federal law. Above all, the party stood for the primacy of the yeoman farmers. Republicans were committed to the principles of republicanism, which they feared were threatened by the supposed monarchical tendencies of the Hamiltonian Federalists; the party came to power in 1801 with the election of Jefferson in the 1800 presidential election. The Federalists—too elitist to appeal to most people—faded away and collapsed after 1815. Despite internal divisions, the Republicans dominated the First Party System until partisanship itself withered away during the Era of Good Feelings after 1816.
The party selected its presidential candidates in a caucus of members of Congress. They included James Madison and James Monroe. By 1824, the caucus system had collapsed. After 1800, the party dominated most state governments outside New England. By 1824, the party was split four ways and lacked a center as the First Party System collapsed; the emergence of the Second Party System in the 1820s and 30s realigned the old factions. One remnant followed Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren into the new Democratic Party by 1828. Another remnant, led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, formed the National Republican Party in 1824 while some remaining smaller factions formed the Anti-Masonic Party, which along with some National Republican groups developed into the Whig Party by 1836. Most remaining National Republicans would soon after go on to be a part of the Free Soil and modern Republican parties in the 1840s and 1850s. Congressman James Madison started the party among Representatives in Philadelphia as the "Republican Party".
He, Jefferson and others reached out to include state and local leaders around the country New York and the South. The precise date of founding is disputed, but 1791 is a reasonable estimate and some time by 1792 is certain; the new party set up newspapers that made withering critiques of Hamiltonianism, extolled the yeoman farmer, argued for strict construction of the Constitution, favored the French Revolution opposed the United Kingdom and called for stronger state governments than the Federalist Party was proposing. The elections of 1792 were the first ones to be contested on anything resembling a partisan basis. In most states, the congressional elections were recognized—as Jefferson strategist John Beckley put it—as a "struggle between the Treasury department and the republican interest". In New York, the candidates for governor were a Federalist. Four states' electors voted for Clinton and one for Jefferson for Vice President in opposition to incumbent John Adams as well as casting their votes for President Washington.
Before 1804, electors cast two votes together wi
New Jersey's 9th congressional district
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is a district that consists of Bergen County and Passaic County municipalities. Due to redistricting following the 2010 Census, parts of the old 9th District were shifted to the Fifth District and the new Eighth District, as part of a reduction in congressional districts from 13 to 12 in New Jersey; the Ninth District is represented by Democrat Bill Pascrell. Congressman Pascrell was first elected to Congress in 1996 from the old Eighth District, defeating incumbent William J. Martini; the redistricting resulted in Pascrell's hometown of Paterson was added to the Ninth District, represented by Steve Rothman, a fellow Democrat who like Pascrell entered Congress by winning a seat in the 1996 federal election. Both incumbents declared their intentions to run for their party's nomination for the seat, which Pascrell won. Pascrell defeated the Republican nominee, in the general election. For the 113th and successive Congresses, the district contains all or portions of three counties and 35 municipalities:Bergen County: Carlstadt, Cliffside Park, East Rutherford, Elmwood Park, Englewood Cliffs, Fort Lee, Hasbrouck Heights, Little Ferry, Moonachie, North Arlington, Palisades Park, Ridgefield Park, Saddle Brook, South Hackensack, Tenafly, Teterboro and Wood-RidgeHudson County: Kearny, SecaucusPassaic County: Clifton, Hawthorne, Passaic and Prospect Park Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present New Jersey's 9th Congressional District at GovTrack.us
Bonnie Watson Coleman
Bonnie M. Watson Coleman is an American Democratic Party politician, who has served as the U. S. Representative for New Jersey's 12th congressional district since 2015, she served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1998 to 2015 for the 15th Legislative District. She is the first black woman in Congress from New Jersey. Watson Coleman was born in New Jersey, she received a B. A. from Thomas Edison State College in 1985, attended Rutgers University. Raised Baptist, she resides in Ewing Township, she is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. In 1974, she established the first Office of Civil Rights, Contract Compliance and Affirmative Action, in the New Jersey Department of Transportation and remained the Director of that office for six years. In 1980, Watson Coleman joined the Department of Community Affairs, where she held a number of positions including, Assistant Commissioner, responsible for Aging, Community Resources, Public Guardian and Women Divisions, she served on the Governing Boards Association of State Colleges from 1987 to 1998 and as its chair from 1991 to 1993.
Watson Coleman was a member of the Ewing Township Planning Board from 1996 to 1997. She was a member of The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey Board of Trustees from 1981 to 1998 and was its chair from 1990 to 1991. Watson Coleman became the first African American woman to lead the State party when she was elected Chair of the New Jersey Democratic State Committee, on February 4, 2002. Watson Coleman served as the Majority Leader of the New Jersey General Assembly from 2006 to 2010, as well as the New Jersey Democratic State Chairwoman from 2002 to 2006. Following the announcement that Congressman Rush Holt would not be seeking another term in office, Bonnie Watson Coleman announced her intention to run for New Jersey's 12th congressional district. Assemblywoman Watson Coleman is the first African -American woman elected to represent a New Jersey district in the United States House of Representatives. On June 3, 2014, she won the Democratic primary for the 12th congressional district, she won the general election on November 2014, defeating Republican candidate Alieta Eck.
She won 60.9% of the vote. On March 3, 2015, Coleman participated with fellow Democrats in the boycott of the speech delivered by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to Congress. In March 2016, along with Rep. Robin Kelly and Rep. Yvette D. Clarke, founded the Congressional Caucus on Black Women and Girls. "Black women and girls are disproportionately affected by myriad socioeconomic issues that diminish their quality of life and threaten the well-being of their families and communities. The Congressional Caucus on Black Women and Girls gives black women a seat at the table for the crucial discussion on the policies that impact them while providing a framework for creating opportunities and eliminating barriers to success for black women," they announced in a press release at the time, they were inspired by the #SheWoke Committee, a group of 7 activists that reached out to lawmakers and staffers to start. She co-sponsored the International Megan's Law, to combat child exploitation and other sex crimes abroad.
President Barack Obama signed the bill into law in February 2016. Committee on Homeland Security Subcommittee on Emergency Preparedness and Communications Subcommittee on Oversight and Management Efficiency Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Health Care and Administrative Rules Subcommittee on Transportation and Public Assets Committee on Appropriations United States House Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor and Human Services and Related AgenciesShe is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, the Congressional Black Caucus, the Congressional Arts Caucus and the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Watson Coleman has been a strong supporter of programs allowing criminal offenders to reenter society; as a New Jersey Assemblywoman, she sponsored a bill that bars companies with more than 15 employees from conducting criminal background checks on candidates during the interview process. Watson Coleman's two sons, William Carter-Watson and Jared C. Coleman, were sentenced to seven years in jail after holding up the Kids-R-Us store at Mercer Mall with a rifle as it was about to close on March 12, 2001.
Watson-Coleman refuses to discuss the incident. Their sentences were reduced and they managed to obtain positions with the County Government in Mercer County. Watson Coleman has introduced legislation to restrict the ownership of weapons such as the ones used by her sons during their crime. List of African-American United States Representatives Women in the United States House of Representatives Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman official U. S. House site Bonnie Watson Coleman for Congress Bonnie Watson Coleman at CurlieBiography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Vote Smart Financial information at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress Appearances on C-SPAN "Congresswoman: What N. J. is doing on guns. And 5 more things we can do - Opinion". NJ.com. 2 June 2018