SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

List of United States congressional districts

Congressional districts in the United States are electoral divisions for the purpose of electing members of the United States House of Representatives. The number of voting seats in the House of Representatives is set at 435 with each one representing 711,000 people; that number has applied since 1913, excluding a temporary increase to 437 after the admissions of Alaska and Hawaii. The total number of state members is capped by the Reapportionment Act of 1929. In addition, each of the five inhabited U. S. territories and the federal district of Washington, D. C. sends a non-voting delegate to the House of Representatives. The Bureau of the Census conducts a constitutionally mandated decennial census whose figures are used to determine the number of congressional districts to which each state is entitled, in a process called "apportionment"; the 2012 elections were the first to be based on the congressional districts which were defined based on the 2010 United States Census. Each state is responsible for the redistricting of districts within their state, several states have one "at-large" division.

Redistricting must take place if the number of members changes following a reapportionment, or may take place at any other time if demographics represented in a district have changed substantially. Districts may sometimes retain the same boundaries while changing their district numbers; the following is a complete list of the 435 current congressional districts for the House of Representatives, over 200 obsolete districts, the six current and one obsolete non-voting delegations. Average population: 710,767 people based on 2010 U. S. Census, it was 646,946 in 2000. State with the most people in the average district: Montana. In 2000 Montana: 905,316. State with the fewest people in the average district: Rhode Island. In 2000, Wyoming: 495,304. District with the most people: Montana at-large. In 2000 Montana at-large: 905,316. District with the fewest people: Rhode Island's 1st. In 2000, Wyoming at-large: 495,304. State with the most: California, same as in 2000. States with the fewest: Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming.

Alaska and Wyoming are the only states that have never had more than one district. Between 1810 and 1820, Delaware had two U. S. Representatives, but they were elected at-large. District with the greatest area: Alaska at-large, same as in 2000. District with the greatest area that comprises less than an entire state: New Mexico's 2nd. In 2000: Nevada's 2nd. District with the smallest area: New York's 13th. In 2000: New York's 15th. Delaware at-large, same geographical borders since 1789. District with the highest American Human Development Index score: California's 18th. District with the lowest American Human Development Index score: California's 21st. Territory: 1818–1819 At-large: 1819–1823, 1841–1843, 1873–1877, 1913–1917, 1963–1965 1st district: 1823–1841, 1843–1963, 1965–present 2nd district: 1823–1841, 1843–1963, 1965–present 3rd district: 1823–1841, 1843–1963, 1965–present 4th district: 1833–1841, 1843–1963, 1965–present 5th district: 1833–1841, 1843–1963, 1965–present 6th district: 1843–1963, 1965–present 7th district: 1843–1863, 1877–1963, 1965–present 8th district: 1877–1963, 1965–1973 9th district: 1893–1963 10th district: 1917–1933 Territory: 1906–1959 At-large: 1959–present See Non-voting delegations, below.

Territory: 1863–1912 At-large: 1912–1949 1st district: 1949–present 2nd district: 1949–present 3rd district: 1963–present 4th district: 1973–present 5th district: 1983–present 6th district: 1993–present 7th district: 2003–present 8th district: 2003–present 9th district: 2013–present Territory: 1819–1836 At-large: 1836–1853, 1873–1875, 1883–1885 1st district: 1853–present 2nd district: 1853–present 3rd district: 1863–present 4th district: 1875–present 5th district: 1885–1963 6th district: 1893–1963 7th district: 1903–1953 At-large: 1849–1865, 1883–1885 1st district: 1865–present 2nd district: 1865–present 3rd district: 1865–present 4th district: 1873–present 5th district: 1885–present 6th district: 1885–present 7th district: 1893–present 8th district: 1903–present 9th district: 1913–present 10th district: 1913–present 11th district: 1913–present 12th district: 1933–present 13th district: 1933–present 14th district: 1933–present 15th district: 1933–present 16th district: 1933–present 17th district: 1933–present 18th district: 1933–present 19th district: 1933–present 20th district: 1933–present 21st district: 1943–present 22nd district: 1943–present 23rd district: 1943–present 24th district: 1953–present 25th district: 1953–present 26th district: 1953–present 27th district: 1953–present 28th district: 1953–present 29th district: 1953–present 30th district: 1953–present 31st district: 1963–present 32nd district: 1963–present 33rd district: 1963–present 34th district: 1963–present 35th district: 1963–present 36th district: 1963–present 37th district: 1963–present 38th district: 1963–present 39th district: 1973–present 40th district: 1973–present 41st district: 1973–present 42nd district: 1973–present 43rd district: 1973–present 44th district: 1983–present 45th district: 1983–present 46th district: 1993–present 47th district: 1993–present 48th district: 1993–present 49th district: 1993–present 50th district: 1993–present 51st district: 1993–present 52nd district: 1993–present 53rd district: 2003–present Territory: 1861–1876 At-

Nikolay Dobrokhotov

Nikolay Nikolayevich Dobrokhotov was a Soviet scientist and metallurgist, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR, Academician of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences. Nikolay Dobrokhotov was born on March 27, 1889 in Arzamas in Nizhny Novgorod Guberniya in the Russian Empire, his father Nikolay Nikanorovich Dobrokhotov was a telegraphist. His mother — Maria Fedorovna Vladimirskaya, graduate of Smolny Institute — was from the Vladimirskie family, many of whose members were engaged in social activities, were friends of Maxim Gorky. Nikolay Dobrokhotov was the eldest son in a family of 12 children. There was no secondary school in Arzamas at that time and Dobrokhotov was sent to Nizhny Novgorod, where in 1900 he entered the Realschule. In 1907 he graduated from the Realschule and passed the competitive examination in the metallurgical department of the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute. Here many famous professors and lecturers taught: E. S. Fyodorov on crystallography, N. S.

Kurnakov on chemistry, I. A. Time on metallurgical engineering, A. F. Ioffe on thermodynamics, A. L. Baboshin on metallography and others. During his student years Nikolay Dobrokhotov collaborated in the student metallurgical study group, many times underwent practical training on metallurgical plants, worked as a designer, as a Martin foreman and held some other posts. In December 1914 he graduates from the institute. In 1914–1917 years Nikolay Dobrokhotov works on Perm Ordnance Factory, where he was engaged on mastering and improving the technology of artillery steel production. On May 11, 1915 Nikolay Dobrokhotov marries Elizaveta Ivanovna Zventsova - daughter of Ivan Vasilievich Zventsov, a member of Zemsky Court in Kashin. Nikolay Dobrokhotov had 6 children, two of them died at an early age. In 1920 Nikolay Dobrokhotov joined as an Assistant Lecturer the Metallurgy Department of the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute, headed by Prof. V. N. Lipin. Here he worked till 1924. In these years Nikolay Dobrokhotov is formed as an independent young scientist - he explores some of the issues of gas-furnace heating engineering and publish many works in this area.

In November 1924 Nikolay Dobrokhotov was appointed head of the Department of steel metallurgy and theory of furnaces of Ural Polytechnic Institute and according to the decision of the State Academic Council of Narkompros of RSFSR of June 4, 1926 was approved in the academic rank of professor in the Department of steel metallurgy. The fall of 1929 Nikolay Dobrokhotov leaving on a business trip to metallurgical plants in Germany and the U. S. In 1930 in Sverdlovsk was arrested on charges of subversive activities. Was arrested the entire management team of scientists and teachers of Ural Polytechnic Institute. On August 20, 1931 Sverdlovsk OGPU released Nikolay Dobrokhotov from custody by order of Moscow OGPU. To the release of Nikolay Dobrokhotov contributed Ekaterina Pavlovna Peshkova, wife of Gorky. In 1931, Nikolay Dobrokhotov moved to Moscow, started working the head of the furnace laboratory of the Central Research Institute of Machine Building and performed together with his staff research in gas-furnace heating engineering.

Since January 1935 he was again working on his main speciality as a professor, head of the Department of steel metallurgy of Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute. By decision of the Higher Attestation Commission on April 11, 1938 Nikolay Dobrokhotov was approved in the degree of Doctor of Technical Sciences. By General Meeting of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences on February 22, 1939 Nikolay Dobrokhotov was elected an Academician of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences. On April 9, 1939 for his successful work in the ferrous metallurgy Nikolay Dobrokhotov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour. In the same year Nikolay Dobrokhotov was elected to the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Council of People's Deputies. In August 1941 Nikolay Dobrokhotov evacuated to the Urals. During the German-Soviet War, he was associated with 16 plants, providing them with scientific and technical assistance in gas-furnace heating engineering and steel metallurgy, for which he was awarded a Medal for Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 and decorations as an eminent person in Tank and Metallurgical Industry.

In December 1944 Nikolay Dobrokhotov moved to Kiev, worked as head of steel-smelting department of Ferrous Metallurgy Institute of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences and the head of the Department of steel metallurgy and industrial furnaces of Kiev Polytechnic Institute. On December 14, 1948 by General Meeting of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences Nikolay Dobrokhotov was elected a Chairman of the Bureau of the Department of technical sciences of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences. On initiative of Nikolay Dobrokhotov was created the Gas Institute of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences and he was appointed its director from September 1, 1949. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR dated February 3, 1951 Nikolay Dobrokhotov was given the rank of Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR dated May 3, 1954 Nikolay Dobrokhotov was awarded the Order of Lenin and by decree dated July 19, 1958 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

October 15, 1963 in Kiev, Nikolay Dobrokhotov died. He was buried in the Baykove cemetery of Kiev. In the name of Nikolay Dobrokhotov in Kiev was called street. In 1921 was published

Denisa Saková

Denisa Saková is a Slovak business ingeneur, politician of the SMER and Minister of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. Saková studied Engineering management at University of Economics in Bratislava, she subsequently worked in various companies in the IT industry. First of all at DELTA E. S. a.s. as a consultant. Between 2001 and 2003 she worked for Cap Gemini Young in Bratislava and Berlin. From 2003 to 2007, Sakova worked for E. ON IT Slovakia, s.r.o. as Director of the Application Department. She switched to the Ministry of The Interior under Minister Robert Kaliňák as Secretary of State of the Slovak Ministry of the Interior. Following the murder of investigative journalist Ján Kuciak and his fiancée on 21 February 2018, Robert Kaliňák, suspected of corruption, was forced to resign in the wake of mass protests at the beginning of March 2018; the non-partisan Tomas Drucker was appointed as his successor. He resigned after less than a month in office, he justified his move, saying that he could not represent the dismissal of the police chief Tibor Gaspar, which he expected, that he did not want to further polarize society.

Robert Fico appointed Denisa Sakova as Minister of the Interior on 25 April 2018