List of Viceroys of Peru

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Viceroy of Peru
ResidenceThe Viceroy palace
(Now the Government Palace)
AppointerThe King of Spain
Formation1528
First holderFrancisco Pizarro
Final holderPío de Tristán
Abolished23 January 1826

The following is a list of Viceroys of Peru.

The viceroys of Peru ruled the Viceroyalty of Peru from 1544 to 1826 in the name of the King of Spain; the territories under de jure rule by the viceroys included in the 16th and 17th century almost all of South America except eastern Brazil.

Governors of New Castile (1528–1544)[edit]

Picture Governor From Until Monarch
Francisco-Pizarro-um1540.png Francisco Pizarro 1528 26 June 1541 Titian - Portrait of Charles V Seated - WGA22964.jpg
Charles I
Vaca de Castro.jpg Cristóbal Vaca de Castro 1541 1544
Gonzalo Pizarro.jpg Gonzalo Pizarro
Usurper and claimant to the governorship of Peru.
Claims not definitively quelled until Battle of Jaquijahuana
1544 1548

Viceroys of Peru (1544–1826)[edit]

Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
Nuñez Vela1.jpg Blasco Núñez Vela 15 May 1544 18 January 1546 Titian - Portrait of Charles V Seated - WGA22964.jpg
Charles I
Pedro de la Gasca.jpg Pedro de la Gasca,
Dean of the Audiencia
10 April 1547 27 January 1550
AntonioMendoza.jpg Antonio de Mendoza,
Marquis of Mondéjar, Count of Tendilla
23 September 1551 21 July 1552
Gamboa, Sarvia y sotomayor.JPG Melchor Bravo de Saravia,
Dean of the Audiencia
July 1552 June 1556
Andres Hurtado de Mendoza.jpg Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Cañete
29 June 1556 30 March 1561 Portrait of Philip II of Spain by Sofonisba Anguissola - 002b.jpg
Philip II
Conde de Nieva.jpg Diego López de Zúñiga,
4th Count of Nieva
17 April 1561 20 February 1564
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Juan de Saavedra,
Dean of the Audiencia
1564 1564
Lope Garcia de Castro-1.jpg Lope García de Castro,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 September 1564 26 November 1569
Francisco de Toledo Virrey.jpg Francisco Álvarez de Toledo
26 November 1569 23 September 1581
MartinEnriquezdeAlmansa.jpg Martín Enríquez de Almanza 23 September 1581 13 March 1583
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Cristóbal Ramírez de Cartagena,
Dean of the Audiencia
1584 1584
Villardompardo1.jpg Fernando Torres de Portugal y Mesía,
1st Count of Villadompardo
31 March 1584 20 November 1589
Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza 2.jpg García Hurtado de Mendoza,
5th Marquis of Cañete
8 January 1590 24 July 1596
LuisdeVelascoII.jpg Luis de Velasco,
Marquis of Salinas
24 July 1596 18 January 1604
GaspardeZugnigayAcevedo.jpg Gaspar de Zúñiga,
5th Count of Monterrey
18 January 1604 16 March 1606 Felipe3-Spain.jpg
Philip III
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Diego Núñez de Avendaño,
Dean of the Audiencia
1607 1607
JuandeMendozayLuna.jpg Juan de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Montesclaros
21 December 1607 18 December 1615
Principe de Esquilache.jpg Francisco de Borja y Aragón,
Count of Rebolledo, Prince of Esquilache
18 December 1615 31 December 1621
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Juan Jiménez de Montalvo,
Dean of the Audiencia
31 December 1621 25 July 1622 Philip IV of Spain - Velázquez 1644.jpg
Philip IV
DiegoFernandezdeCordoba.jpg Diego Fernández de Córdoba,
Marquis of Guadalcázar, Count of Posadas
25 July 1622 14 January 1629
Chinchon.jpg Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera,
4th Count of Chinchón
14 January 1629 18 December 1639
Mancera1.jpg Pedro de Toledo,
1st Marquis of Mancera
18 December 1639 20 September 1648
GarciaSarmientodeSotomayor.jpg García Sarmiento de Sotomayor,
2nd Count of Salvatierra
20 September 1648 24 February 1655
EnriquezdeGuzman,condedeAlbadeAliste.jpg Luis Enríquez de Guzmán,
9th Count of Alba de Liste
24 February 1655 31 December 1661
Santisteban1.jpg Diego de Benavides,
8th Count of Santisteban del Puerto, 1st Marquis of Solera
31 December 1661 16 March 1666
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
March 1666 November 1667 Juan de Miranda Carreno 002.jpg
Charles II
Lemos1.jpg Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro,
10th Count of Lemos
21 November 1667 6 December 1672
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
December 1672 August 1674
Castellar5.jpg Baltasar de la Cueva,
Count of Castellar
15 August 1674 7 July 1678
Melchor de Linan y Cisneros.jpg Melchor Liñán y Cisneros
(Archbishop of Lima)
7 July 1678 20 November 1681
Palata1.jpg Melchor de Navarra,
Duke of Palata
20 November 1681 15 August 1689
MelchorPorotcarreroLassodelaVega.jpg Melchor Portocarrero,
3rd Count of Monclova
August 1689 1705
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
September 1705 May 1707 Hyacinthe Rigaud - Philippe V, roi d'Espagne (1683-1746) - Google Art Project.jpg
Philip V
Manuel de Oms y de Santa Pau.jpg Manuel de Oms,
1st Marquis of Castelldosrius
7 July 1707 22 April 1710
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 April 1710 14 September 1710
Ladrón de Guevara1.jpg Diego Ladrón de Guevara 14 September 1710 2 March 1716
Middle Coat of Arms of Charles I of Spain, Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor.svg Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 March 1716 15 August 1716
Diego Morcillo Rubio de Aunon.jpg Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
15 August 1716 5 October 1716
Santo Buono.jpg Carmine Caracciolo,
5th Prince of Santo Buono
5 October 1716 26 January 1720
Diego Morcillo Rubio de Aunon.jpg Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
26 January 1720 14 May 1724
José de Armendáriz2.jpg José de Armendáriz,
1st Marquis of Castelfuerte
14 May 1724 4 February 1736 Louis, King of Spain.jpg
Louis I
From 1700–1724, Philip V of Spain was the king; then from 1724–1746. Louis I only reigned in 1724.
José Antonio de Mendoza Caamaño y Sotomayor.jpg José Antonio de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Villagarcía
4 February 1736 15 December 1745 Hyacinthe Rigaud - Philippe V, roi d'Espagne (1683-1746) - Google Art Project.jpg
Philip V
Conde de Superunda.jpg José Manso de Velasco,
1st Count of Superunda
15 December 1745 12 October 1761 Rey Fernando VI.jpg
Ferdinand VI
Pedro Díaz - Manuel d'Amat i de Junyent.jpg Manuel de Amat y Juniet 12 October 1761 17 July 1776 Charles III of Spain high resolution.jpg
Charles III
Gutiérrez - Manuel de Guirior.jpg Manuel de Guirior 17 July 1776 21 July 1780
Pedro Díaz - Agustín de Jáuregui.jpg Agustín de Jáuregui 21 July 1780 29 April 1784
Teodoro de Croix.jpg Teodoro de Croix 29 April 1784 25 March 1790
Francisco Gil de Taboada.jpg Francisco Gil de Taboada 25 March 1790 6 June 1796 Carlos IV de rojo.jpg
Charles IV
Portrait of Ambrosio O'Higgins.jpg Ambrosio O'Higgins,
1st Marquis of Osorno
24 July 1796 19 March 1801
Royal Greater Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Version with Golden Fleece and Order of Charles III Collars.svg Manuel Arredondo y Pelegrín,
Dean of the Audiencia
19 March 1801 5 November 1801
Avilés1.jpg Gabriel de Avilés,
2nd Marquis of Avilés
5 November 1801 20 August 1806
Pedro Díaz - José Fernando de Abascal.jpg José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa,
1st Marquis of La Concordia
20 August 1806 7 July 1816
Joaquín de la Pezuela y Sánchez de Aragón.jpg Joaquín de la Pezuela,
1st Marquis of Viluma
7 July 1816 29 January 1821 Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg
Ferdinand VII
Retrato del conde de los Andes.jpg José de la Serna e Hinojosa,
1st Count of los Andes
29 January 1821 9 December 1824
Pío de Tristán.jpg Juan Pío de Tristán y Moscoso 9 December 1824 23 January 1826

See also[edit]

External links[edit]