Shahjalal International Airport
Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, is the largest and most prominent international airport in Bangladesh. It is located in Kurmitola 11 miles in the northern part of the capital city Dhaka and it is a part of BAF Bangabandhu Base used by the Bangladesh Air Force; the airport has an area of 1,981 acres. The Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh maintains the airport, it started operations in 1980, taking over from Tejgaon Airport as the principal international airport of the country and was known as Dacca International Airport and as Zia International Airport, before being named in honour of Shah Jalal, one of the most respected Sufi saints of Bangladesh. The IATA code of the airport "DAC" is derived from "Dacca", the used spelling for "Dhaka". Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport is the primary hub of the national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines. In addition, it is the main hub of most of the private airlines in Bangladesh including Regent Airways, Novoair and US-Bangla Airlines.
The annual passenger handling capacity of the airport is 18.5 million passengers and this passenger handling capacity is predicted by CAAB to be sufficient until 2026. In 2014 the airport handled 248,000 tonnes of cargo. Average aircraft movement per day is around 190 flights. Ground handling at the airport is provided by Biman Ground Handling, a wholly owned subsidiary of the national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines; the airport is located in 11 NM north of the capital Dhaka. It can be accessed by the eight-lane Airport Road. To the north of the airport lies Uttara and Gazipur, while Dhaka city lies to its south. There is a railway station opposite to the airport named Airport Railway Station; the hotel nearest to the airport is the Dhaka Radisson Blu Hotel followed by Le Meridien Hotel and Dhaka Regency Hotel. A Best Western hotel opened in late 2014; the airport has been engulfed by the city, due to the expansion and development work of real estate companies and the government, prompting the authorities to consider relocating the airport elsewhere.
In 1941, during the Second World War, the British government built a landing strip at Kurmitola, several kilometres north of Tejgaon, as a spare landing strip for the Tejgaon Airport, which at the time was a military airport, to operate warplanes towards the war fields of Kohima and Burmese war theatres. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Tejgaon Airport became the first civilian airport in what was East Pakistan, present day Bangladesh. In 1966 a project was taken by the Pakistan Government to construct a new airport and the present site north of Kurmitola was selected. A tender was floated for the construction of the terminal building and the runway under the technical support of French experts. A rail station was built near the site for the transportation of construction materials. However, the new airstrip was only halfway done when the Bangladesh Liberation War broke out in 1971. During war, the airstrip suffered severe damage. After independence, the government of Bangladesh restarted works abandoned by the previous contractors and consultants during the war.
The government decided to make the airport the country's main international airport and appointed Aéroports de Paris of France as its new consultants. The airport began operations in 1980 after the main runway and central portion of the present terminal building was formally opened by President Ziaur Rahman as Dacca International Airport; the project took a further three years to complete, during which time Ziaur Rahman was assassinated in 1981. Thus after its completion in 1983 President Abdus Sattar re-inaugurated the airport as Zia International Airport. In 2010, the government changed the airport's name once again, from Zia International Airport to Shahjalal International Airport, in honour of Shah Jalal, one of the most respected Sufi saints of Bangladesh. On 6 December 2011, a Boeing 787 Dreamliner stopped for refuelling at Shahjalal International Airport during a distance and endurance record attempt; this aircraft, powered by General Electric GEnx engines, had flown 10,710 nautical miles non-stop from Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington eastward to Shahjalal International Airport, setting a new world distance record for aircraft in the weight class of the 787, between 440,000 pounds and 550,000 pounds.
This flight surpassed the previous distance record of 9,127 nautical miles, set in 2002 by an Airbus A330. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft continued eastbound from Dhaka to return to Boeing Field, setting a world-circling speed record of 42 hours, 27 minutes. In 1992, the airport terminal area experienced rapid expansion with addition of boarding bridges and equipment. A multistorey car park with space for 500 cars was built at this time; the airport has been set up and upgraded with technology and instruments worth BDT 70 million up to the 2nd quarter of 2012, by the CAAB. They include: instrument landing system, distance measuring equipment and flight calibration system, which will help the operational standards of the airport. 2 more boarding bridges have been operational, another is under manufacturing. Asphalt runway overlay began in December 2012 by the Bangladeshi company Abdul Monem Ltd. Further improvements in the taxiway and runway lighting system will be made by funds from Danish International Development Agency
Daggett is an unincorporated community located in San Bernardino County, California in the United States. The town is located on Interstate 40 ten miles east of Barstow; the town has a population of about 200. The ZIP code is 92327 and the community is inside area code 760; the town was founded in the 1880s just after the discovery of silver in the mines near Calico to the north. In 1882, the Southern Pacific Railroad with the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad from Mojave was being completed in the area and it was thought that a good name for the town would be Calico Junction, but this name would be too confusing since it was right next to Calico, where the silver was uncovered. It was decided to name the city after Lieutenant Governor of California, John Daggett, during the Spring of 1883. There were plans to make Daggett the main station of the area and to have a railyard there to handle the heavy trains coming from the East, but due to the silver mining making the prices of land go too high, the ATSF moved up to Barstow and established the main rail station there.
In 1903, the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad built their line from Las Vegas through Daggett to reach Los Angeles and East San Pedro by borrowing trackage of the ATSF through to Barstow to allow the servicing of their engines at the roundhouse located there. Borax was important to Daggett's economy and the town's history. For two years, it was the terminal of the twenty-mule team run from Death Valley, but after one of their swampers William Pitt was lynched, the Pacific Borax Company made the terminal in Mojave, and on in 1891, Francis Marion Smith the'Borax King' moved down to Daggett from Death Valley's Harmony Borax Works to install mining operations at a borax came called Borate, located about three miles east of Calico. This operation required many laborers to come and help, it was reported that Pacific Coast Borax Company employed nearly 200 men to work in the mines. At first, the borax was hauled by the then-soon-to-be-famous 20 Mule Team, but Smith sought to replace the mules with more cheaper, efficient means of transportation.
The Borate and Daggett Railroad was built in 1898 to take over the duty of hauling boraxfrom the mules. Daggett became quite a big city in the 1890s, boasting to have three stores, two restaurants, three saloons, three hotels, a lumberyard, a Chinese eating place, but after 1911 when richer borax deposits were discovered north of Daggett in Death Valley at the Lila C. Mines, all the mining operations were moved up there which caused Daggett to go into a steady decline which continues to this day, but after the establishment of the solar energy plants, Daggett still struggles to hang on to life and there are still some people which travel through the town to reach Yermo and Las Vegas today. Daggett is the location of Barstow-Daggett Airport; the facility is a general aviation airport serving the Barstow area. It is the regional weather information center; the airport was built as a modification center for the Douglas A-20 Havoc bomber aircraft that were sent to Russia as part of the Lend-Lease program during World War II.
Daggett is part of the Silver Valley Unified School District. The Silver Valley High School is located at 35484 Daggett/Yermo Rd, Daggett, CA 92327, 254-2963; as of 2003, 1000 people lived in Daggett. Only about 200 people live in the town; the town's elevation is 2,000 feet. The world's first commercial solar power plants, SEGS I and SEGS II of the SEGS network are located in Daggett. Daggett was home to a unique solar thermal energy plant named Solar One, a pilot project, operational from 1982 to 1986; the plant used mirror-like heliostats to aim sunlight at a collecting sphere located on a solar power tower, through which oil flowed. The large quantity of sunlight reflected on the sphere superheated the oil, used to create steam for power generation; the plant was upgraded in 1995 as part of the Solar Two project. Solar Two substituted molten salt compounds instead of oil as an energy storage medium. During calibration of the power plant's thousands of heliostats, a ball of glowing light was sometimes seen in the nearby area.
This effect was caused by the heliostats focusing sunlight onto a specific point. As the intensity of the light increased, it reflected off dust in the desert air; this phenomenon was sometimes seen by passersby on the nearby Interstate 40 and 15. Solar Two was decommissioned in 1999, the facility was converted in 2001 into a gamma-ray astronomy telescope; the facility is now known as CACTUS. CACTUS, operated by the University of California, Davis but owned by Southern California Edison, operated from late 2004 until late 2005. On November 25, 2009, the Solar Two tower was demolished The site was levelled by Southern California Edison. All heliostats and other hardware were removed. Plans are in place to develop a training facility for Southern California Edison to train personnel on construction and maintenance of high power transmission lines and towers. Daggett is a station on the BNSF Railway on the Needles Subdivision. Trains are frequent on the line as this line goes to Chicago, it is a junction of the Union Pacific's Cima subdivision, the former LA&SL, line from Salt Lake City, Utah via Las Vegas, Nevada.
The UP goes to Riverside, California. Back in its heyday, Daggett had two narrow gauge railroads, the Borate and Daggett Railroad and the Waterloo Mining Railroad, both built
Da Nang is one of the five largest cities in Vietnam including Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Cần Thơ in terms of urbanization and economy. Located on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Han River, it is one of Vietnam's most important port cities; as one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it is under the direct administration of the central government. Da Nang is the commercial and educational centre of Central Vietnam, as well as being the largest city in the region. In addition to its well-sheltered accessible port, Da Nang's location on the path of National Route 1A and the North–South Railway makes it a hub for transportation, it is located within 100 km of several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, the My Son ruins. The city was known as Cửa Hàn during early Đại Việt settlement, as Tourane during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam-Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quảng Nam Province to become one of four independent municipalities in Vietnam.
Da Nang is listed as a first class city, has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam's other provinces or centrally governed cities. Most of the names by which Da Nang has been known make reference to its position at the Hàn River estuary; the city's present name is agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the Cham word da nak, translated as "opening of a large river". Other Chamic sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara, a researcher specializing in Champa, suggests Da Nang is a variation of the Cham word daknan. Another name given to Da Nang was Cửa Hàn; the name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration. Notably, this name appears on maps of the area drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes in 1650; the name Kean was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land situated at the foot of the Hải Vân Pass. Other names referring to Da Nang include: a colloquial name which survives in folklore.
Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by Confucian scholars. In Chữ Nôm, used until 1945, "Đà Nẵng" is written as 沱灢. Thái Phiên, a name used after the 1945 August Revolution, commemorating Thái Phiên, the leader of popular revolts during the 1916 Duy Tân Resistance; the city's origins date back to the ancient kingdom of Champa, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams' sphere of influence stretched from Huế to Vũng Tàu; the city of Indrapura, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in Quảng Nam Province, was the capital of Champa from about 875 to about 1000 AD. In the region of Da Nang were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura, the location of, identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, the valley of Mỹ Sơn, where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed. In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the Đại Việt, who were based at Hoa Lư near modern Hanoi. In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa by emperor Lê Hoàn of the Đại Việt were detained in Indrapura.
Lê Hoàn decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD; the Đại Việt campaign against Champa continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the Lý Dynasty. Soon afterwards, Vietnamese peasants began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain; the southward expansion of Đại Việt continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century. One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call at Hội An, a much more important port than Da Nang.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries and Spanish traders and missionaries made landfall at Hội An, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang on 18 June 1819 in the brig Franklin of Salem and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, that what little produce there had been promised. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of Boston, the Aurora and Beverly of Salem. Conditions were such that they were unable to conduct trade, the subsequent missions of British East India Company agent John Crawfurd in 1823 and the two missions of Andrew Jackson's agent, diplomatist Edmund Roberts, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements. Following the edict of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Hàn Port, Da Nang surpassed Hội An, becoming the largest commercial port in the central region. In 1847, French vessels dispatched by Admiral Cécille bombarded Đà Nẵng, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries.
Da Nang International Airport
Da Nang International Airport is located in Da Nang, the largest city in central Vietnam. It is the third international airport in the country, besides Noi Bai International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport, is an important gateway to access central Vietnam. In addition to its civil aviation, the runway is shared with the Vietnamese People's Air Force, although military activities are now limited; the airport served 5 million passengers around six years sooner than expectation. An expansion of the new terminal is considered to increase its capacity to 10 million passengers per annum by 2020; this airport handled 6,722,587 passengers in 2015, an increase of 34.7% compared with that of 2014. This airport handled 11 million passengers in 2017, an increase of 24.1% compared to that of 2016. The airport has two separate terminals for international and domestic passengers with total passenger capacity of 11 million per annum as at 2018. Situated on flat, sandy ground on the south side of the major port city of Da Nang, the area was ideal for an airfield, having unobstructed approaches to its north/south runways.
Tourane Airport was built by the French colonial government in the 1930s as a civilian airport. During World War II, the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force used it as a military air base. After the war, the facility was used by the French Air Force during the French Indochina War. In 1953/54 the French laid a NATO-standard 7,800-foot asphalt runway at Tourane and stationed loaned American B-26s "Invaders" of the Groupe de Bombardement 1/19 Gascogne. In 1954 after the Geneva Peace Accords, these B-26s were returned to the United States. In 1955, the newly established Republic of Vietnam Air Force inherited from the French a token force of fifty-eight aircraft; these included a few squadrons of Cessna L-19 observation aircraft, C-47 transports and various utility aircraft. Tourane Airfield was turned over to civilian use, with the South Vietnamese using facilities at Bien Hoa, Nha Trang and at Tan Son Nhut, near Saigon. In 1957 the VNAF re-established a presence at the renamed Da Nang Airport, stationing the 1st Liaison Squadron with Cessna L-19s.
The South Vietnamese Army used Da Nang as a ranger training facility. Air Vietnam used the facility from 1951 to 1975 for civilian domestic and international flights within Southeast Asia. During the Vietnam War, the facility was known as Da Nang Air Base, was a major United States military base. Once little more than a provincial airfield, the facility was expanded to 2,350 acres with two 10,000-foot asphalt runways with concrete touchdown pads. Parallel taxiways, a heliport. During the war the VNAF's 1st Air Division, the USAF's 23d Air Base Group, 6252nd Tactical Wing, 35th Tactical Fighter Wing, 366th Tactical Fighter Wing, 362nd Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron, the U. S. Navy operated from the base. During the year 2006, Da Nang Airport counted one million passengers annually, the first time since 1975 it had reached this level. By comparison, both the fourth-ranked Phu Bai Airport and fifth-ranked Cam Ranh Airport counted around 400,000 total passengers in the same year. In order to cope with increasing traffic, a new passengers terminal opened on December 2011.
Da Nang International Airport has two 10,000-foot paved, parallel runways capable of handling large, modern aircraft such as Boeing 747s, 767s and Airbus 320s. Traffic volume at Da Nang averages 100 to 150 flights every 24 hours. Annual traffic was circa 1.45 million in 2007 and is expected to reach four million by 2020. A new 20,000m² terminal, costing USD $84 million with a capacity of 4 million passengers per year, opened to receive its first domestic flight on 15 December 2011; the feasibility study for the renovation of the airport was sponsored by the United States Trade and Development Agency, was completed by PriceWaterhouseCoopers in 2006. The new terminal includes five boarding gates, baggage handling systems and arrivals areas, flight information display system, common user terminal equipment, fire detection systems and comprehensive public address and security systems, including screening equipment. Additionally, one of the airport's two runways was extended from 3,048 metres to 3,500 metres.
After completion, at a cost of USD $160 million, the airport now has a total capacity of six million passengers per year. A new international terminal 2, covering 48,000m2, with a total investment sum of US$154 million and a designed capacity of 6 millions passenger per year was put into use on May 5. 2017. On 30 September 1970, Douglas DC-3DST B-305 of Air Vietnam crashed into a hill near Da Nang while attempting to divert to Da Nang Airport due to weather conditions at its intended destination of Phu Bai Airport, Huế. Three of the 38 people on board were killed. Media related to Da Nang International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Airport information for VVDN at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006. Source: DAFIF. Airport information for DAD / VVDN at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF. Accident history for DAD / VVDN at Aviation Safety Network Current weather for VVDN at NOAA/NWS
Davison Army Airfield
Davison Army Airfield or Davison AAF is a military use airport serving Fort Belvoir, in Fairfax County, United States. The airfield is located 15 miles southwest of Washington, D. C, it was named for noted World War II aviation engineer Brig. Gen. Donald Angus Davison; the airfield provided support for Army One from 1957 to 1976 for presidents Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, its role of support for the presidential helicopter ended in 1976 when responsibility for the helicopter was transferred to the United States Marine Corps. The Civil Air Patrol National Capitol Wing uses a small tower for use during exercises and flights, bases their 4 Cessna 172 and 182's there. Davison AAF has one runway designated 14/32 with an asphalt surface measuring 5,618 by 74 feet. Aerial photo as of 10 April 2002 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for DAA, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this U. S. military airport: FAA airport information for DAA AirNav airport information for KDAA ASN accident history for DAA NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KDAA
Syria the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Armenians, Kurds, Circassians and Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Alawites, Isma'ilis, Shiites, Salafis and Jews. Sunni make up the largest religious group in Syria. Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba'athism, it is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement. In English, the name "Syria" was synonymous with the Levant, while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC. Aleppo and the capital city Damascus are among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt. The modern Syrian state was established in mid-20th century after centuries of Ottoman and a brief period French mandate, represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the Ottoman-ruled Syrian provinces, it gained de-jure independence as a parliamentary republic on 24 October 1945, when Republic of Syria became a founding member of the United Nations, an act which ended the former French Mandate – although French troops did not leave the country until April 1946. The post-independence period was tumultuous, a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–71. In 1958, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt called the United Arab Republic, terminated by the 1961 Syrian coup d'état; the republic was renamed into the Arab Republic of Syria in late 1961 after December 1 constitutional referendum, was unstable until the 1963 Ba'athist coup d'état, since which the Ba'ath Party has maintained its power.
Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011 suspending most constitutional protections for citizens. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, in office from 1971 to 2000. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in an armed conflict, with a number of countries in the region and beyond involved militarily or otherwise; as a result, a number of self-proclaimed political entities have emerged on Syrian territory, including the Syrian opposition, Tahrir al-Sham and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Syria is ranked last on the Global Peace Index, making it the most violent country in the world due to the war, although life continues for most of its citizens as of December 2017; the war caused more than 470,000 deaths, 7.6 million internally displaced people and over 5 million refugees, making population assessment difficult in recent years. Several sources indicate that the name Syria is derived from the 8th century BC Luwian term "Sura/i", the derivative ancient Greek name: Σύριοι, Sýrioi, or Σύροι, Sýroi, both of which derived from Aššūrāyu in northern Mesopotamia.
However, from the Seleucid Empire, this term was applied to The Levant, from this point the Greeks applied the term without distinction between the Assyrians of Mesopotamia and Arameans of the Levant. Mainstream modern academic opinion favours the argument that the Greek word is related to the cognate Ἀσσυρία, Assyria derived from the Akkadian Aššur; the Greek name appears to correspond to Phoenician ʾšr "Assur", ʾšrym "Assyrians", recorded in the 8th century BC Çineköy inscription. The area designated by the word has changed over time. Classically, Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, between Arabia to the south and Asia Minor to the north, stretching inland to include parts of Iraq, having an uncertain border to the northeast that Pliny the Elder describes as including, from west to east, Commagene and Adiabene. By Pliny's time, this larger Syria had been divided into a number of provinces under the Roman Empire: Judaea renamed Palaestina in AD 135 in the extreme southwest.
Since 10,000 BC, Syria was one of the centers of Neolithic culture where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world. The following Neolithic period is represented by rectangular houses of Mureybet culture. At the time of the pre-pottery Neolithic, people used vessels made of stone and burnt lime. Finds of obsidian tools from Anatolia are evidences of early trade relations. Cities of Hamoukar and Emar played an important role during Bronze Age. Archaeologists have demonstrated that civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth preceded by only those of Mesopotamia; the earliest recorded in