Naramata is a community within the Regional District of Okanagan–Similkameen in British Columbia, Canada. Naramata is situated in the Okanagan Valley on the southeast shore of Lake Okanagan, to the north of Penticton. In 2010, Naramata was the second Community in Canada to be designated Cittaslow. On the edge of the northernmost reaches of the Sonoran desert, Naramata is situated in Canada's only semi-desert region; the topography is reminiscent of a blend of Southern Italy. Founded in 1907 by John Moore Robinson as a prime agricultural area, he advertised and sold parcels of land to people from other parts of Canada as well as the British Isles. At the time Naramata became known as a cultural centre. People from across the Okanagan would arrive by boat for concerts, operas, regattas- and as Robinson and his wife were spiritualists-seances. In fact, it is said. Paddlewheelers stopped at the local wharf carrying freight and passengers up and down Lake Okanagan. In 1914, Naramata received a new link with the rest of Canada when the Kettle Valley Railway was completed on the hillside above the village.
Due to the intense volume of rock work it gained the reputation as one of the most difficult stretches of KVR construction. It was in operation until 1974. Today, remnants of the KVR make for great exploration, such as the train tunnels, rock ovens, the railway right-of-way which clings to the hillside high above The lake and is now part of the Trans-Canada Trail. By the 1950s Naramata began to see people arriving to farm from other countries, such as Portugal and the Netherlands. There are still many fruit orchards in Naramata; the varieties include peach, pear, cherry and apple. Naramata is more known now, however, as a top wine-producing region in the country and its wineries have begun to attract international acclaim; the decline in the relative economic importance of fruit growing has occurred but the impressive landscape still abounds with orchards. The most savvy growers no longer sell to the Naramata fruit-packing facility, but rather sell often preferring to deal with international brokers.
Naramata is the setting for the film My American Cousin and directed by Naramata local Sandra Wilson. Agriculture and tourism form the economic base of the village of Naramata; the agricultural sector once consisting of orchards is being supplanted by vineyards and wineries that are collectively referred to as the "Naramata Bench". Tourism is served by motels, beach side resorts and a variety of bed and breakfast operations that cater to summertime visitors. Summer months see a spike in economic activity. A farmers market is held weekly and there are numerous roadside produce sellers in addition to the wineries and craft spirit producers. Since the 1960s and continuing to this day it has been a rite of passage for countless French-Canadian students to make their way across the country and pick fruit for a summer. Much of Naramata lies within the bounds of the Agricultural Land Reserve, created by the British Columbia government in the early 1970s as a food security measure and responsible for preserving the character and pace of Naramata, seen by many as its biggest charm- after the breathtaking scenery.
The Centre at Naramata, a conference and educational centre of The United Church of Canada, was founded in 1947. Steamboats of Lake Okanagan Naramata Centre
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities for commercial air transport. Airports have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad, includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers and terminals. Larger airports may have airport aprons, taxiway bridges, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, emergency services. In some countries, the US in particular, they typically have one or more fixed-base operators, serving general aviation. An airport serving helicopters is called a heliport. An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base; such a base includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings, seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control as well as incorporating all of the aforementioned elements.
Such airports rank among the most complex and largest of all built typologies with 15 of the top 50 buildings by floor area being airport terminals. The terms aerodrome and airstrip may be used to refer to airports, the terms heliport, seaplane base, STOLport refer to airports dedicated to helicopters, seaplanes, or short take-off and landing aircraft. In colloquial use in certain environments, the terms airport and aerodrome are interchanged. However, in general, the term airport may imply or confer a certain stature upon the aviation facility that other aerodromes may not have achieved. In some jurisdictions, airport is a legal term of art reserved for those aerodromes certified or licensed as airports by the relevant national aviation authority after meeting specified certification criteria or regulatory requirements; that is to say, all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. In jurisdictions where there is no legal distinction between aerodrome and airport, which term to use in the name of an aerodrome may be a commercial decision.
In United States technical/legal usage, landing area is used instead of aerodrome, airport means "a landing area used by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo". Smaller or less-developed airfields, which represent the vast majority have a single runway shorter than 1,000 m. Larger airports for airline flights have paved runways of 2,000 m or longer. Skyline Airport in Inkom, Idaho has a runway, only 122 m long. In the United States, the minimum dimensions for dry, hard landing fields are defined by the FAR Landing And Takeoff Field Lengths; these include considerations for safety margins during takeoff. The longest public-use runway in the world is at Qamdo Bamda Airport in China, it has a length of 5,500 m. The world's widest paved runway is 105 m wide; as of 2009, the CIA stated that there were 44,000 "... airports or airfields recognizable from the air" around the world, including 15,095 in the US, the US having the most in the world. Most of the world's large airports are owned by local, regional, or national government bodies who lease the airport to private corporations who oversee the airport's operation.
For example, in the United Kingdom the state-owned British Airports Authority operated eight of the nation's major commercial airports – it was subsequently privatized in the late 1980s, following its takeover by the Spanish Ferrovial consortium in 2006, has been further divested and downsized to operating just Heathrow now. Germany's Frankfurt Airport is managed by the quasi-private firm Fraport. While in India GMR Group operates, through joint ventures, Indira Gandhi International Airport and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport. Bengaluru International Airport and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are controlled by GVK Group; the rest of India's airports are managed by the Airports Authority of India. In Pakistan nearly all civilian airports are owned and operated by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority except for Sialkot International Airport which has the distinction of being the first owned public airport in Pakistan and South Asia. In the United States, commercial airports are operated directly by government entities or government-created airport authorities, such as the Los Angeles World Airports authority that oversees several airports in the Greater Los Angeles area, including Los Angeles International Airport.
In Canada, the federal authority, Transport Canada, divested itself of all but the remotest airports in 1999/2000. Now most airports in Canada are owned and operated by individual legal authorities or are municipally owned. Many U. S. airports still lease part or all of their facilities to outside firms, who operate functions such as retail management and parking. In the U. S. all commercial airport runways are certified by the FAA under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 139, "Certification of Commercial Service Airports" but maintained by the local airport under the regulatory authority of the FAA. Despite the reluctance to privatize airports in the US, the government-owned, contractor-operated arrangement is the standard for the operation of commercial airports in the rest of the world. Airports are divided into airside areas; the landside area is open to the public, while access to the airside area is controlled. The airside area includes all parts of the airpo
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Nanaimo Harbour Water Aerodrome
Nanaimo Harbour Water Aerodrome is a Seaplane Base serving the city of Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada. It is registered as an aerodrome classified as an airport, an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. CBSA officers at this airport can handle general aviation aircraft only, with no more than 15 passengers. List of airports on Vancouver Island
Natashquan is a township municipality and village in Minganie Regional County Municipality, Côte-Nord region, Canada. It should not be confused with the adjacent but separate Innu reserve of Natashquan 1; the township is named after the Natashquan River, mapped and named in the 17th century. It comes from the Innu language, meaning "where one hunts for bear". In addition to the village of Natashquan itself, the municipality includes the small community of Pointe-Parent, located on the Natashquan River, directly adjacent to the Natashquan Reserve, it is home to some fishermen's homes and was served by a post office from 1953 to 1976. Once known as Pointe-du-Poste and Village-du-Poste, Pointe-Parent was named after priest Pierre-Clément Parent who served as missionary in Tadoussac and Labrador and died in Natashquan; the community is located on the north shore of the Jacques Cartier Strait and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, straddling both banks of the Little Natashquan River, some 120 km east of Havre-Saint-Pierre.
The township is bordered on the east and south by the estuary of the Natashquan River, encompasses an area, riddled with numerous small ponds and lakes. While Jacques Cartier had visited the area in 1534 and a trading post existed in 1710 at the mouth of the Natashquan River, the settlement of Natashquan in the eponymous township was not founded until 1855 when the first settlers arrived, they were Acadians from the Magdalen Islands from Amherst Island. That same year, the Notre-Dame-de-Natashquan Mission was founded on the west bank of the Little Natashquan River. In 1869, the township was established, in August 1872, the post office opened. In 1907, the place was incorporated as a township municipality. For many decades Natashquan was dependent on fishing. Mother tongue: English as first language: 0% French as first language: 96.2% English and French as first language: 0% Other as first language: 3.8% The main road through Natashquan is Quebec Route 138, it is served by Natashquan Airport and Natashquan Water Aerodrome.
Natashquan experiences a borderline subarctic climate, just short of being classed as a humid continental climate. Natashquan was the birthplace of singer Gilles Vigneault. List of township municipalities in Quebec
The Village of Nakusp is a village located on the shores of Upper Arrow Lake, a portion of the Columbia River, in the West Kootenay region of British Columbia. It has a population of around 1,574, it is known for its nearby hot springs, which are a popular destination for tourists, as well as its picturesque mountain lakeside setting; the area around Nakusp was occupied by Aboriginal peoples from the Secwepemc and Ktunaxa peoples. In 1811, the first reported European explorer on the Arrow Lakes was Finan McDonald, an associate of David Thompson. European settlers arrived in 1890, the settlement took shape in 1892 with opening of the first post office, the first store and the first sawmill; the nearest train link was the CPR at Revelstoke, so all goods were shipped to the fledgling port of Nakusp. In 1954, the last of the sternwheelers, the Minto, was retired; the construction of the Keenleyside Dam north of Castlegar in 1968 and the resulting rise of the lake level caused the rearrangement of the village and its waterfront.
Mining used to be the most important industry in the area, but it was eclipsed by forestry, today the major economic base of the village. Nakusp has a recreational centre that consists of an ice rink, squash court, curling rink, outdoor tennis courts, a soccer field around a five-hectare park. Arrow Lakes Hospital serves surrounding communities. There is an elementary school, a high school, a campus of Selkirk College; the schools are part of School District 10 Arrow Lakes. The area provides many opportunities for recreation, including the Summit Lake Ski Hill, a short drive out of town towards New Denver. Nakusp is home to a community radio station, CJHQ-FM, a small library and museum containing numerous local historical artifacts of the indigenous and settler communities of the region. In 2004 the village held its first Nakusp Music Fest, it was known as the Interior's largest classic rock festival, although classic rock isn't the only genre being played. The Nakusp Music Festival is no longer running, having come to an end in 2011.
Brad Larsen is a professional ice hockey left winger who played several seasons in the National Hockey League. Parzival Copes, was a Canadian economist and World War II survivor. Steamboats of the Arrow Lakes Village of Nakusp Nakusp Hot Springs Halcyon Hot Springs Nakusp & District Chamber of Commerce and Visitor Centre
Greenstone is an amalgamated town in the Canadian province of Ontario with a population of 4,636 according to the 2016 Canadian census. It covers 2,767.19 square kilometres. The town was formed in 2001, as part of a wave of community amalgamations under the Progressive Conservative government of Ontario, it combined the former Townships of Beardmore and Nakina, the Towns of Geraldton and Longlac with large unincorporated portions of Unorganized Thunder Bay District. It is the administrative office of the Animbiigoo Zaagi'igan Anishinaabek First Nation band government. Greenstone includes the communities of Beardmore, Geraldton, Longlac, Macdiarmid and Orient Bay; the municipal administrative offices are located in Geraldton. Nakina and Caramat are exclaved from the rest of the municipality's territory. T. L. Taunton, Geological Survey of Canada, noted gold in quartz fragments around Little Long Lac in 1917. Tony Oklend found ore in a boulder during World War I. However, it wouldn't be until 1931 that Bill "Hard Rock" Smith and Stan Watson would stake 18 claims along 3 veins.
Tom Johnson and Robert Wells filed claims based on gold appearing in Magnet Lake quartz outcrop and the presence of bismuthinite. The Bankfield Gold Mine developed from these claims. In 1932, Johnson and Oklend staked 12 claims at Little Long Lac. Fred MacLeod and Arthur Cockshutt filed 15 claims near Smith's. Nakina was first established in 1923 as a station and railway yard on the National Transcontinental Railway, between the divisional points of Grant and Armstrong. Nakina was at Mile 15.9 of the NTR's Grant Sub-Division. Following the completion in 1924 of Canadian National Railways's Longlac-Nakina Cut-Off, connecting the rails of the Canadian Northern at Longlac and the NTR, Nakina became the new divisional point, the buildings from the town of Grant were moved to the new Nakina town site. By 1934, a gold rush absorbed the area from Long Lac to Nipigon, a belt 100 km long and 40 km wide; the village of Hard Rock was established in 1934, Longlac and Geraldton soon followed. Though a 1936 fire threatened the mines, development was able to continue.
As an important railway service stop from 1923 until 1986, the town had a railway round-house as well as a watering and fueling capability. During World War II, there was a radar base on the edge of the town, intended to watch for a potential attack on the strategically important Soo Locks at Sault Ste. Marie. Research into the radar site in the National Archives of Canada indicates that it was a United States Army Air Forces operation, pre-dating the Pinetree Line radar bases that were erected to focus on the Cold War threat; the Nakina base was removed shortly after the war. The settlement of Geraldton is a compound of the surname of financiers of a nearby gold mine near Kenogamisis Lake in 1931; the Geraldton-Beardmore Gold Camp, in the heart of the Canadian Shield, hosts numerous mineralized zones which continue to be explored for potential development. Eight gold mines operated here between 1936 and 1970. Tom Powers and Phil Silams staked what became the Northern Empire Mine near Beardmore, which produced a total of 149,493 ounces of gold.
The Little Long Lac Mine produced 605,449 ounces of gold, besides producing scheelite. J. M. Wood and W. T. Brown developed the Sturgeon River Gold Mine. James and Russell Cryderman found and Karl Springer incorporated what became known as the Leitch Gold Mine, which produced 861,982 ounces of gold from 0.92 grade ore. The Bankfield Gold Mines produced 66,416 ounces by 1942. Tomball Mines, started by Tom and Bill Johnson, produced 69,416 ounces; the Magnet Mine produced 152,089 ounces. The Hard Rock Mine produced 269,081 ounces. In the 1970s pulp and paper operations near the town resulted in growth in the town's population to its peak of 1200. However, at this point, cost controls in the railway industry meant that service and maintenance could be consolidated at points much more distant from one another than had been common in the first half of the 20th century; as a result, the value of Nakina as a railway service community was diminished, to the point where the railway was no longer a substantial employer in the town.
In the 1970s, a radio station was launched in Longlac as CHAP on the AM dial. The town remains focused on tourism, diminished pulp and paper operations and support of other more northern communities. Mining and minerals industries are seen as a source of further growth, though the Canadian Shield geology of the area makes extraction of minerals like gold an expensive operation; as of 2009, a proposed ore transport point around Nakina, as part of the Ring of Fire development, may shift the emphasis of local industry from logging back to mining. In 2010 the Ring of Fire development, proposed James Bay rail link and placement of processing plants remains of great economic interest for the region. Development is slated to move over the next three to five years in an over 1.5 billion dollar project. On 19 February 2011, Beardmore was temporarily evacuated after a major explosion ruptured the Trans-Canada Pipeline in the community. Population trend: Population in 2016: 4636 Population in 2011: 4724 Population in 2006: 4906 Population in 2001: 5907 Population total in 1996: 6530 Beardmore: 418 Geraldton: 2627 Longlac: 2074 Nakina (