Canada Flight Supplement
The Canada Flight Supplement is a joint civil/military publication and is a supplement of the Aeronautical Information Publication. It is the nation's official airport directory, it contains information on all registered Canadian and certain Atlantic aerodromes and certified airports. The CFS is published, separately in English and French, as a paper book by Nav Canada and is issued once every 56 days on the ICAO AIRAC schedule; the CFS was published by Natural Resources Canada on behalf of Transport Canada and the Department of National Defence until 15 March 2007 edition, at which time Nav Canada took over production. The CFS presents runway data and departure procedures, air traffic control and other radio frequencies and services such as fuel, hangarage that are available at each listed aerodrome; as well, the CFS contains useful reference pages, including interception instructions for civil aircraft, chart updating data and search and rescue information. Most pilots flying in Canada carry a copy of the CFS in case a weather or mechanical diversion to another airport becomes necessary.
The Canada Flight Supplement is made up of seven sections: Special Notices — list of new or amended procedures. General Section — glossary, airport code listing, list of abandoned aerodromes, other introductory information. Aerodrome/Facility Directory — list all aerodromes alphabetically by the community in which they are located. A sketch of the airport is included showing runway layout, locations of buildings and tower. Included in the sketch is an obstacle clearance circle. Planning — general flight planning information, including flight plans and position reports, lists of significant new towers and other obstructions, chart updating, preferred IFR routes, similar information. Radio Navigation and Communications — listing of radio navigation aids and communication outlets, together with all known commercial AM broadcasters and their locations and frequencies. Military Flight Data and Procedures — military flight and reporting procedures for Canada and the U. S. Emergency — emergency procedures and guidelines for hijacks, fuel dumping and rescue, etc.
Carrying "current aeronautical charts and publications covering the route of the proposed flight and any probable diversionary route" is a requirement under CAR 602.60 for night VFR, VFR Over-The-Top and instrument flight rules flights. This Canadian Aviation Regulation does not require carriage of a copy of the CFS, but, one way to satisfy the regulation; because information in the CFS may be out of date with regard to such issues as runway closures and fuel availability, pilots should check NOTAMs before each flight. NOTAM information in Canada can be obtained from the Nav Canada Aviation Weather Website or by contacting the appropriate regional Nav Canada Flight Information Centre. While Nav Canada's CFS has the monopoly on paper-version airport directories in Canada, there are several competing internet publications, including the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association's Places to Fly user-editable airport directory. Nav Canada publishes the Water Aerodrome Supplement, as a single volume in English and French.
This contains information on all Canadian water aerodromes as shown on visual flight rules charts and other information such as navaids. The WAS is published on an annual basis. Airport/Facility Directory – U. S. publications equivalent to the Aerodrome/Facility and Planning chapters of the CFS, but divided into several volumes covering different regions. Official website
Radville is a small valley town in southern Saskatchewan, Canada. A small river, Long Creek, runs through the north end of the town, providing fishing and recreation to the locals; the creek meanders by the east side of the town and to the south where a second dam is located for the water supply pumphouse. The town is in the rural municipality #38 of Laurier, it was incorporated in 1911 after being settled in 1895, named after Conrad Paquin. Radville has a large proportion of French-speaking people. One of the historic buildings in Radville is the local restaurant; the building started as the Bon Ton Barber Shop and the first doctor in Radville, Dr. Joseph P. O'Shea's office, which became the Radville Cafe, followed with the Paris Cafe, the Boston Cafe, the Lasalle, the Glencoe, the Canadian Cafe, the Radville Family Restaurant, in 2006, the Radville Family Restaurant II.. The Canadian Cafe was run by Bob and Judy Lee from 1965 until their retirement in 1996. Other restaurants that operated in Radville included the local drive-in Hannigan's, the restaurant converted from the old Radville townhall called the Dustbowl Diner.
Jake Wong's cafe operated from about 1920 until the early 1950s when his daughter Lily and son-in-law Tommy Chow took it over. Lily's sister Jean ran a cafe across the street. There was a large pool barber shop and bowling alley next door to Wong's cafe. Radville has had several theatres; the last one, the Oasis Theater, closed its doors in 1977, showing Star Wars as one of its last movies. After standing empty for a few years, the Oasis was bought by local entrepreneur George Hays and converted into the Alley Oops bowling alley; the newspaper South Saskatchewan Star was operated by Oscar Stitt. A few years afterwards, George Hays purchased the local newspaper, the Radville Star, moved the publication into the same building; the other theatre, owned by Ham Ferris, closed much earlier and was converted into a senior citizens hall in 1972. The local pharmacy, the Radville Drug Store, was operated by Ron Zimmers from the late 1960s through to the 2000s. A pharmacy degree was not required; the first pharmacy was opened by Harry Koch in the early 1920s and was sold to Vince Kimball in the mid 1950s.
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce the Bank of Commerce, was built in the early 1920s and still operates. The Empire Hotel is still in operation; the Catholic school called the Separate School, is named St. Oliver's School; the principal was Ed Borsa in the early 1980s. As the school was located near the Radville Public School, the children from the two schools would have soccer matches and other sports events as rivals. There was the Christian College located on the east side of Long Creek; the Radville Public School, a traditional 3-storey cube-shaped red brick building, burned to the ground on January 23, 1977. A mimeography machine with its alcohol-based image transfer fluid created an explosion in the staff office on the second floor. Picture windows across the street were cracked as a result of the explosion; the new Radville Elementary School opened a few years later. In the interim, the students were sent to some reserved classrooms in the high school, the younger students were sent to the Catholic school.
The principal at the time of the fire was Warren Blackstock. Churches in Radville were the United, Pentecostal, Church of Christ, Catholic; the high school was called the Radville Regional High School. Many students bore the letters of RRHS for the local Rebels team; the stability of certain teachers who had long terms in the school created a well balanced, solid background for graduates in furthering education. Floyd Cousins was a favorite principal during the 1950s; the school principal was Charles Haggarty from 1967 until 1983. Other key teachers include Wayne Hurlbert, Miss Lecuyer, Estelle Johnston, Ethel Carlson, C. K. Lai, Richard Schmidt. Eva McNaught, wife to the fire chief and drayman Harold, ran Eva's Popcorn stand for many years. Due to the warm long languishing summer nights typical of southern prairie towns, many people stayed out in the evenings and enjoyed the Saskatchewan summer weather. Radville uses a pumphouse for water treatment and supplying water pressure to its residents; the pumphouse is located on Saskatchewan Highway No. 28 junction into Radville.
Radville used to be a major hub of activity throughout the 1920s to 1970s with a livery, the CN train and 5 grain elevators. Radville was a Canadian National Railway divisional point, it had a roundhouse with turntable, water tank, sand house, coal dock, ice house, Roadmaster office, stockyard, loading platform and express service. The Radville railway station still remains. All of the farm implement manufacturers had dealers, i.e. Massey Harris, John Deere, Case. Automobile dealerships included General Motors and Chrysler. Claude Delaye operated a blacksmith shop. There were 4 general stores, Jack Seede's, Hussein Shibley's, Joe Carles, Ham Ferris, Melda Morrissette's dress shop, Tetrault's bakery, Watson's hardware store, Clarke's Electric, appliance store, Credit Union, jeweller, 2 barber shops, dry cleaner, 2 lumber yards, McIlrath and Security Lumber, Vennard's locker plant, liquor store, a law office; this diminished when Highway No. 28 was upgraded in about 1975. With horses gone and replaced by automotives and substanti
Radisson is a town in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. It was named after Pierre-Esprit Radisson, an explorer, instrumental in the creation of Hudson's Bay Company. Retired NHL player Bill Hajt was born in Radisson; the community is served by Radisson Airport, located adjacent to Radisson. List of communities in Saskatchewan List of towns in Saskatchewan Town of Radisson Official Site
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities for commercial air transport. Airports have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad, includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers and terminals. Larger airports may have airport aprons, taxiway bridges, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, emergency services. In some countries, the US in particular, they typically have one or more fixed-base operators, serving general aviation. An airport serving helicopters is called a heliport. An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base; such a base includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings, seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control as well as incorporating all of the aforementioned elements.
Such airports rank among the most complex and largest of all built typologies with 15 of the top 50 buildings by floor area being airport terminals. The terms aerodrome and airstrip may be used to refer to airports, the terms heliport, seaplane base, STOLport refer to airports dedicated to helicopters, seaplanes, or short take-off and landing aircraft. In colloquial use in certain environments, the terms airport and aerodrome are interchanged. However, in general, the term airport may imply or confer a certain stature upon the aviation facility that other aerodromes may not have achieved. In some jurisdictions, airport is a legal term of art reserved for those aerodromes certified or licensed as airports by the relevant national aviation authority after meeting specified certification criteria or regulatory requirements; that is to say, all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. In jurisdictions where there is no legal distinction between aerodrome and airport, which term to use in the name of an aerodrome may be a commercial decision.
In United States technical/legal usage, landing area is used instead of aerodrome, airport means "a landing area used by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo". Smaller or less-developed airfields, which represent the vast majority have a single runway shorter than 1,000 m. Larger airports for airline flights have paved runways of 2,000 m or longer. Skyline Airport in Inkom, Idaho has a runway, only 122 m long. In the United States, the minimum dimensions for dry, hard landing fields are defined by the FAR Landing And Takeoff Field Lengths; these include considerations for safety margins during takeoff. The longest public-use runway in the world is at Qamdo Bamda Airport in China, it has a length of 5,500 m. The world's widest paved runway is 105 m wide; as of 2009, the CIA stated that there were 44,000 "... airports or airfields recognizable from the air" around the world, including 15,095 in the US, the US having the most in the world. Most of the world's large airports are owned by local, regional, or national government bodies who lease the airport to private corporations who oversee the airport's operation.
For example, in the United Kingdom the state-owned British Airports Authority operated eight of the nation's major commercial airports – it was subsequently privatized in the late 1980s, following its takeover by the Spanish Ferrovial consortium in 2006, has been further divested and downsized to operating just Heathrow now. Germany's Frankfurt Airport is managed by the quasi-private firm Fraport. While in India GMR Group operates, through joint ventures, Indira Gandhi International Airport and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport. Bengaluru International Airport and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are controlled by GVK Group; the rest of India's airports are managed by the Airports Authority of India. In Pakistan nearly all civilian airports are owned and operated by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority except for Sialkot International Airport which has the distinction of being the first owned public airport in Pakistan and South Asia. In the United States, commercial airports are operated directly by government entities or government-created airport authorities, such as the Los Angeles World Airports authority that oversees several airports in the Greater Los Angeles area, including Los Angeles International Airport.
In Canada, the federal authority, Transport Canada, divested itself of all but the remotest airports in 1999/2000. Now most airports in Canada are owned and operated by individual legal authorities or are municipally owned. Many U. S. airports still lease part or all of their facilities to outside firms, who operate functions such as retail management and parking. In the U. S. all commercial airport runways are certified by the FAA under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 139, "Certification of Commercial Service Airports" but maintained by the local airport under the regulatory authority of the FAA. Despite the reluctance to privatize airports in the US, the government-owned, contractor-operated arrangement is the standard for the operation of commercial airports in the rest of the world. Airports are divided into airside areas; the landside area is open to the public, while access to the airside area is controlled. The airside area includes all parts of the airpo
Rainbow Lake, Alberta
Rainbow Lake is a town in northwest Alberta, Canada. It is located west of High Level in Mackenzie County; the town carries the name of the nearby lake, formed on the Hay River, so called due to its curved shape. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Rainbow Lake recorded a population of 795 living in 303 of its 475 total private dwellings, a change of −8.6% from its 2011 population of 870. With a land area of 10.76 km2, it had a population density of 73.9/km2 in 2016. The population of the Town of Rainbow Lake according to its 2015 municipal census is 938, a change of −13.3% from its 2007 municipal census population of 1,082. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Rainbow Lake had a population of 870 living in 305 of its 424 total dwellings, a change of -9.8% from its 2006 population of 965. With a land area of 11.04 km2, it had a population density of 78.8/km2 in 2011. The community is served by the Rainbow Lake Airport; the town is home to the Rainbow Lake School operated by the Fort Vermilion School Division, which offers curriculum for kindergarten through grade 12.
List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
Sundre is a town in central Alberta, Canada. It is located in Mountain View County, 100 km northwest from Calgary, along the Cowboy Trail in the Canadian Rockies foothills. Sundre takes its name from a town in Norway, the original home of Nels T. Hagen, the town's first postmaster. Sundre's first postmaster, Nels T. Hagen, arrived in 1906. Sundre incorporated as a village in 1950 and as a town in 1956. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Sundre recorded a population of 2,729 living in 1,188 of its 1,256 total private dwellings, a 4.6% change from its 2011 population of 2,610. With a land area of 11.11 km2, it had a population density of 245.6/km2 in 2016. The Town of Sundre's 2012 municipal census counted a population of 2,695. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Sundre had a population of 2,610 living in 1,144 of its 1,738 total dwellings, a 3.4% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 2,523. With a land area of 11.16 km2, it had a population density of 233.9/km2 in 2011.
Main industries in the area are petroleum production, forestry and ranching. Cultural venues within Sundre include the Sundre Municipal Library and the Sundre & District Pioneer Village Museum, which features "Chester Mjolsness' World of Wildlife" exhibit of 150 mounted animals from across the world. Gord Miller, sportscaster List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci