Clyde River, Nunavut
Clyde River is an Inuit hamlet located on the shore of Baffin Island's Patricia Bay, off Clyde Inlet, an arm of Davis Strait in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, of Nunavut, Canada. It lies in the Baffin Mountains; the community is served by annual supply sealift. The community is served by Quluaq School, the Northern Stores, an arena, a community hall, an Anglican church, a health centre and Clyde River Airport with regular flights to Iqaluit and Pond Inlet. At the 2016 census the population was an increase of 12.7 % from the 2006 census. It is located on a flood plain, surrounded by spectacular fiords that stretch all the way into the Barnes Ice Cap; the mountains and glaciers in the Clyde River area attract rock and ice climbers from around the world. There is a multitude of animals to be seen, including barren-ground caribou, polar bears and other sea mammals; the proposed "Igaliqtuuq National Wildlife Area", which would be a protected bowhead whale sanctuary, is located in Isabella Bay. Clyde River is home to Nunavut's Inuit Cultural Learning Centre.
Piqqusilirivvik opened its doors May 2011. On June 26, 2014 the National Energy Board approved the 5-year plan to conduct seismic blasting off the coast of Baffin Island, jointly submitted by TGS-NOPEC Geophysical Company ASA, Petroleum Geo-Services and Multi Klient Invest AS; the approval sparked strong criticism from Inuit including the communities of Clyde River and Pond Inlet, the Arctic Fishery Alliance, the Baffin Fisheries Coalition and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association. Okalik Eegeesiak, then-president of the Qikiqtani Inuit Association said "They still don't get the fact that Inuit have concerns and we want to be part of the process," while Inuit photographer and Clyde River resident Niore Iqalukjuak was quoted saying "We depend on these waters for food and the existence of Inuit life depend on them... We fear that what the Conservative government is doing is a cultural genocide and will end the Inuit way of life as we know it" and Clyde River Mayor, Jerry Natanine commented "Nobody cares for our concerns...
And our Minister in Ottawa, Leona Aglukkaq, not speaking up against this for Inuit is wrong."Mayor Natanine approached the environmental organization Greenpeace Canada in hopes that they could work together to prevent seismic blasting operations from taking place. This led to the development of a collaboration many dubbed "surprising" due to the long history of Inuit distrust of Greenpeace and other environmental groups. On July 23, 2014, the community of Clyde River staged a protest against the NEB's approval, on July 28 the Hamlet of Clyde River, the Nammautaq Hunters and Trappers Organization of Clyde River, Clyde River Mayor Jerry Natanine filed a request for a judicial review at Federal Court of Appeal; the legal case argues that the NEB's decision goes against the government of Canada's duty to consult with Indigenous peoples under the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Speaking of the importance of the case, constitutional lawyer Nader Hasan, representing Clyde River, argued: "The federal government has a solemn constitutional obligation to meaningfully consult and accommodate the people of Nunavut on any issues affecting their Aboriginal or treaty rights.
That didn't happen here. Once again, the NEB was a rubber stamp for the energy industry."The Court of Appeal denied the request in August 2015. But the groups requested leave to appeal before the Supreme Court of Canada in October 2015, arguing that the Court of Appeal's decision was mistaken, that the case is of national importance, thus needing further debate. In November of the same year Greenpeace launched an international petition that has gathered over 129,000 signatures in support of this legal challenge. On March 10, 2016 the Supreme Court of Canada granted Clyde River leave to appeal their case at the country's highest court, giving credence to the community's claim that their case is significant, thus needing further review by the courts; the hearing of the case was scheduled for November 20, 2016. In July 2017, the Supreme Court found in Clyde River's favour, ruling that oil and gas exploration cannot go ahead; the community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone.
The Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice. List of municipalities in Nunavut Pauloosie Paniloo Tommy Enuaraq Clyde River at the Government of Nunavut - PDF
Alert, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Canada, is the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world, at latitude 82°30'05" north, 817 kilometres from the North Pole. The entire population of the census subdivision Baffin, Unorganized is located here; as of the 2016 census, the population was reported as an increase of 57 over the 2011 census. It takes its name from HMS Alert, which wintered 10 km east of the present station, off what is now Cape Sheridan, in 1875–1876. Alert has many temporary inhabitants, as it hosts a military signals intelligence radio receiving facility at Canadian Forces Station Alert, as well as a co-located Environment Canada weather station, a Global Atmosphere Watch atmosphere monitoring observatory, the Alert Airport. Alert is named after HMS Alert, a British ship that wintered about 10 km away in 1875–76; the ship's captain, George Nares, his crew were the first recorded Europeans to reach the northern end of Ellesmere Island. Over the following decades, several other expeditions passed through the area, most notably Robert Peary during his expedition to reach the north pole in 1909.
Shortly after the end of World War II, Charles J. Hubbard of the United States Weather Bureau began to rouse interest in the United States and Canada for the establishment of a network of Arctic stations, his plan, in broad perspective, envisaged the establishment of two main stations, one in Greenland and the other within the Archipelago, which could be reached by sea supply. These main stations would serve as advance bases from which a number of smaller stations would be established by air; the immediate plans contemplated the establishment of weather stations only, but it was felt that a system of weather stations would provide a nucleus of transportation and settlements, which would aid programs of research in many other fields of science. It was recognized that ultimate action would depend on international co-operation, since the land masses involved were under Canadian and Danish control. Following negotiations between the American and Canadian governments, a group of five weather stations were established, known as the Joint Arctic Weather Stations.
On the Canadian side, the stations were to be operated by the Department of Transport. The locations for each station were surveyed in 1946, a cache of supplies was dropped in Alert in 1948 by USS Edisto. Alert was the last of the five to be settled when the first twelve personnel arrived on April 9, 1950. Construction began with the first priority being the creation of an ice runway on Alert Inlet before work began on the permanent all-season runway located on Cape Belknap; until its completion, supplies were parachuted in. On July 30, 1950, nine crew members of a Royal Canadian Air Force Lancaster died in a crash while making an airdrop of supplies to the station; the last American personnel were withdrawn on October 31, 1970, the following year operation of the weather station was transferred to the newly created Department of the Environment, with the Department of Transport retaining control of airfield operations for several more years. In April 1971, a party of federal and Northwest Territories government officials arrived in Alert in an attempt to reach the North Pole.
Alert had been the embarkation point for many North Pole expeditions that relied on weather information supplied by the weather station there. The 1971 expedition was led by NWT Commissioner, Stuart Hodgson, included in his party were representatives of the Prime Minister's office, the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, as well as a large media group including Pat Carney of Gemini Productions, Ed Ogle of Time magazine, Val Wake of CBC News and a television crew from California. While waiting in Alert for a weather window to fly into the Pole, the party's television crew spent a lot of time filming at the weather station; the military was unhappy about the film crew working on the station, but the weather station was seen as being a sort of no-man's land. The Commissioner's party failed; some of the incidents surrounding this event are recounted in Val Wake's memoir My Voyage around Spray with Apologies to Captain Joshua Slocum. In August 1975, Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and his 3-year-old son Justin Trudeau visited the station and nearby Ward Hunt Island.
In August 1986, the Government of Canada opened Alert Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network in Alert. By the 1990s, the remaining buildings for the original weather station had fallen into a state of disrepair and were burned in the summer of 1996, leaving only the hydrogen shed and a wooden outhouse; the weather station and observatory offices were moved to Polaris Hall. In early April 2006, the Roly McLenahan Torch, used to light the flame at Whitehorse, for the Canada Winter Games passed through Alert. While the Canada Games torch was supposed to pass over the North Pole, bad weather prevented a Canadian military Twin Otter from making the trip; the torch did not travel outside Alert that weekend. In August 2006, then-Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, made a visit to Alert as part of his campaign to promote Canadian sovereignty in the north. On November 8, 2009, the 2010 Winter Olympics torch relay arrived at Alert via airplane from Churchill, reaching its most northerly point on land.
The next day it travelled to Iqaluit. On January 19 and 20, 2015, Governor General David Johnston flew into Alert on a C-17 Globemaster transport from CFB Trenton, he toured Alert, received an overview of its ope
Igloolik is an Inuit hamlet in Foxe Basin, Qikiqtaaluk Region in Nunavut, northern Canada. Because its location on Igloolik Island is close to Melville Peninsula, it is mistakenly thought to be on the peninsula; the name "Igloolik" means "there is a house here". It derives from iglu, meaning house or building, refers to the sod houses that were in the area, not to snow igloos. In Inuktitut the residents are called Iglulingmiut; the mayor of Igloolik is Joe Inooya. Information about the area’s earliest inhabitants comes from numerous archaeological sites on the island. First contact with Europeans came when British Navy ships HMS Fury and HMS Hecla, under the command of Captain William Edward Parry, wintered in Igloolik in 1822; the island was visited in 1867 and 1868 by the American explorer Charles Francis Hall in his search for survivors of the lost Franklin Expedition. In 1913, Alfred Tremblay, a French-Canadian prospector with Captain Joseph Bernier’s expedition to Pond Inlet, extended his mineral exploration overland to Igloolik, in 1921 a member of Knud Rasmussen's Fifth Thule Expedition visited the island.
The first permanent presence by southerners in Igloolik came with the establishment of a Roman Catholic Mission in the 1930s. By the end of the decade, the Hudson's Bay Company had set up a post on the island. Non-indigenous establishments, such as RCMP stations, day schools, clinics, were here before they came to be in surrounding communities; the Igloolik Research Centre focuses on documenting Inuit traditional knowledge and technology, as well as climatology and seismic data research. Anthropologically, Iglulik Inuit are considered to be the Iglulingmiut, the Aivilingmiut, the Tununirmiut, the Inuit from northern Baffin Island, on Southampton Island, in the Melville Peninsula. An ancient legend from the Igloolik area was adapted by Zacharias Kunuk into the award-winning Canadian film Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner in 2001. In 2004, Isuma produced the film The Journals of Knud Rasmussen, released in September 2006 after premiering at the Toronto International Film Festival. Igloolik is the home-base of the only Inuit circus, Artcirq.
This collective is active in music production and live circus show performances. Early in 2008, when temperatures in Igloolik were at −50 °C, eight members of Artcirq went to Essakane north of Timbuktu, where temperatures were 40 °C, to perform at the Festival au Désert. In February 2010, six members of Artcirq represented Nunavut in performances at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia. In late 2007, the Igloolik HTO banned all forms of tourism related to the northern Foxe Basin walrus population for a period of two years; this ban was in response to an observed decrease in walrus. The Igloolik Inuit continue to harvest walrus. In 2017, documentary film maker Alan Zweig released There Is a House Here, a documentary film about his visits to the community. According to the 2016 census, the population of Igloolik was 1,682, a 15.7% increase from the 2011 census. The growth of the Iglulingmiut: 146 485 680 867 1,174 1,286 1,538 1,454 1,682 Igloolik has a polar climate with nine months averaging below 0 °C.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation interviewed people from the region in April 2008, about their concerns over plans to ship iron ore from the nearby Steensby Inlet on Baffin Island from the Baffinland Iron Mine. Jaypetee Palluq, an Igloolik resident, asked to serve on a Baffinland advisory committee, was concerned that the mine's operation would interfere with the traditional hunts for sea mammals, like walrus, he called on Baffinland to "find an alternate shipping route to the mine, regardless of the cost." Paul Quassa, Former Mayor of Igloolik expressed concern, over the effect of freighters on the ice used by the walrus. He said the region was known for its prized aged, fermented walrus meat, a valuable export from the region. On November 2, 2016, CBC News reported that residents were describing a hum or buzz, coming from deep within the Fury and Hecla Strait—near Steensby Inlet where Baffinland has one of its ports. Paul Quassa, Igloolik's representative to the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, said the hum had been disturbing the sea mammals community members rely on for food.
The hum is loud, so loud the complement of vessels transiting the straits can hear it transmitted through the hulls, without any electronic aids. The Royal Canadian Air Force sent a Lockheed CP-140 Aurora to the area but were unable to detect the noise or the source; the community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone; the Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice; the community is served by the Igloolik Airport. Germaine Arnaktauyok, artist Levi Barnabas, politician Northern Haze, rock band Annabella Piugattuk, actress Paul Quassa, Premier of Nunavut List of municipalities in Nunavut Kayak angst
Arviat is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq, Ittaliurvik. Arviat is the southernmost community on the Nunavut mainland and is close to the geographical centre of Canada. In Arviat and English are spoken, having the third largest population in Nunavut, behind Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit. From the 2011 census to the 2016 census there was a population increase of 14.6%. The mayor of Arviat is Robert Leonard; the hamlet of Arviat possesses a Tim Hortons in the Northern Store and a self-serve Tim Hortons in the Quick Stop. Cargo and passenger air service is provided by Calm Air/First Air out of Arviat Airport. Hunting and fishing are active in the community. Four locally operated stores - Padlei Co-op, Northern Stores, Artic Connection and Eskimo Point Lumber Supply - carry a wide range of products. To the south, the town of Churchill, Manitoba is accessible by boat and Bombardier from Arviat and is travelled to for supplies.
Arviat is well known around the Arctic for its artistic qualities. It is a thriving community with many talented musicians: a well known musician. All have had CDs recorded commercially. Many types of wildlife are abundant. Within the vicinity of Arviat, polar bears, millions of migratory birds, beluga whales, caribou are spotted; the only access is by air and snowmobile, but the Nunavut government and the federal Senate member for Nunavut, Dennis Patterson, are investigating the possibility of a highway from Thompson, Lynn Lake, or Gillam to Rankin Inlet, through Arviat. Like other Arctic coast communities there is an annual sealift but it is not available to passengers. Arviat was inhabited by the Paallirmiut, a coastal/inland Inuit band. In 1957, dying of starvation, the last remaining Ihalmiut, another Caribou Inuit band, were relocated to Arviat by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Though there are differences between the two bands, they recognize a need to work together in order to benefit the community.
The Hudson Bay Quest sled-dog race was run from Churchill to Arviat for the first time in 2004. The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone; the Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice. Based on the Köppen climate classification Arviat has a subarctic climate, but has a polar climate by the Nordenskjöld classification, is north of the Arctic tree line. With a yearly mean of −9.3 °C it is the third-warmest in Nunavut and the maximum of 33.9 °C is second only to Kugluktuk. Arviat has a yearly rainfall of 174.4 mm, the fourth-wettest in Nunavut, but only 112.4 cm of snow, the third-least. Official website Arviat Tourism Government of Nunavut - Arviat
Naujaat, known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay, is an Inuit hamlet located on the shores of Hudson Bay, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Naujaat is at the north end of Roes Welcome Sound which separates Southampton Island from the mainland. On the east side of Naujaat Frozen Strait leads east to Foxe Channel; the hamlet is located on the Arctic Circle, on the north shore of Naujaat and on the south shore of the Rae Isthmus. Transport to the community is provided by air and by an annual sealift. Naujaat is home to a wide variety of animals including polar bears, seals and walrus. There are approximately one hundred species of birds in the area, including gyrfalcons and peregrine falcons. Naujaat is translated into English variously as "seagull fledgling," "seagull resting place" or "seagulls' nesting place," named after a cliff 5 km to the north, where seagulls, migrating from the south each June, make their nests. Naujaat was first visited by Europeans in the 1740s, by the late 1800s it became a popular whaling ground for American and Scottish whalers.
Many Naujaat Inuit residents worked on board these whaling vessels from the south. Although there are various theories as to the origin of the English name "Repulse Bay," many attribute the name to Christopher Middleton, who when searching for the Northwest Passage in 1742 discovered that the bay was not a route out of Hudson Bay, but rather a cul-de-sac, he is claimed to have called it the "Bay of Repulse, the bay where I was pushed away". Others believe that the name comes from an 18th-century English vessel named Repulse which visited the area; the Hudson's Bay Company opened a post in Naujaat about 1916 and in 1923 a rival fur trading company, Revillon Frères, opened a post. A Roman Catholic Mission was built in 1932. Naujaat was part of the District of Keewatin and the Keewatin Region. On 12 May 2014, a by-election was held to elect a new mayor, won by Solomon Malliki. At the same time a non-binding plebiscite was held to gauge how the community felt about restoring the traditional name, Naujaat.
With voter turnout at 36 % there were 73 opposed to the name change. The name was changed on 2 July 2015; as of the 2016 census, the population was an increase of 14.5 % from the 2011 census. The Naujaat community continues to rely on traditional sealing, hunting and carving for their livelihood, together with tourism. Naujaat is known for its Inuit artists carvers, as well as jewellery and crafts, its people are the'Aivilingmiut'. The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone; the Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice. "CONDUCTING A TRADING POST FARTHEST NORTH - A LIFE THAT GETS INTO THE BLOOD OF A MAN" - May 18, 1924 New Bedford Sunday Standard article on the Repulse Bay HBC post in the early 1920s
Pangnirtung is an Inuit hamlet, Qikiqtaaluk Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located on Baffin Island. As of the 2016 census the population was an increase of 3.9 % from the 2011 census. The area of the town is 7.77 km2. Pangnirtung is situated on a coastal plain at the coast of Pangnirtung Fjord, a fjord which merges with Cumberland Sound; as of January 2014, the mayor is Mosesee Qappik. There is some confusion about the village name. Residents say the real name is Pangniqtuuq, which means "the place of many bull caribou". Early in 2005 residents voted against changing the name of the village to the native one, as Pangnirtung has achieved an international reputation, its residents have created high-quality traditional arts in sculpture, as well as adaptation of themes and design in printmaking and weaving. Pangnirtung is nicknamed the Switzerland of the Arctic, or Pang; the Inuit and their ancestors have inhabited the area for thousands of years as long as 4,000. Their cultures became well-adapted to environment.
Contact with European Canadians has been limited to less than the last century. In 1921, the Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post in Pangnirtung. Two years the Royal Canadian Mounted Police erected a permanent office; the first government-appointed teacher arrived in 1956. The first administrative office was established in 1962. Since numerous Inuit have achieved success with marketing their traditional arts, they transformed traditional drawing skills to produce lithographs and other forms of prints, allowing reproduction and wider distribution of their work. Other artists have made carvings in local stone. Since the government established a weaving studio in 1970, many Inuit have learned to weave and are producing tapestries and other works that find an international market; the community operates a turbot fishery. In 2008, the federal government budgeted for the construction of a harbour. Auyuittuq Lodge is the hamlet's only hotel, which comprises 25 rooms, shared facilities, a dining room, a lounge.
Power is supplied to Pangnirtung via stand alone diesel generators. Fuel is stored in a tank farm near the Pangnirtung Airport; the purchase of diesel fuel is the responsibility of the government of Nunavut. Water and garbage services are provided by the municipality of Pangnirtung. Water trucks is delivered seven days a week. Sewage is treated at the municipal treatment plant. Garbage is picked up five days a week and transported to a landfill that deteriorates due to Arctic temperatures. Pangnirtung is the nearest town to Auyuittuq National Park and the location of one of two park offices, the other is in Qikiqtarjuaq. Located near to the Parks Canada office is the Angmarlik Visitor Centre. Iglunga, now uninhabited, is an Inuit hamlet to the west. In 2009 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper proposed building a new modern harbour in Pangnirtung to support the region's turbot-fishing industry. Harper received a warm welcome with many residents gathered at the airport to greet him; the town's 1,500 residents listened as Harper announced that $17 million worth of harbour construction promised in the last two budgets would get under way in the fall of that year.
Harper said. The shortfalls of the previous harbour were a big problem for fishermen: When the tide receded, the harbour turned to mud; the work on the harbour was completed in September 2013. The entire project ended up costing about $40.5 million. The improvements to the harbour include a fixed wharf, marshalling area, sea lift ramp and a dredged channel and basin; the improvements will allow residents to unload their catches faster by allowing smaller crafts to dock and safely. The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone; the Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice. List of municipalities in Nunavut Uqqurmiut Inuit Artist Association Hamlet of Pangnirtung official website. Geoffrey Secord photo collection of Pangnirtung Fur trade post under construction, Pangnirtung Fiord 1921
Qikiqtarjuaq (Inuktitut pronunciation:. The island is known for Arctic wildlife, whale watching, as the northern access point for Auyuittuq National Park At the 2016 census the population was 598, an increase of 15.0% from the 2011 census. Qikiqtarjuaq hosts an annual "Suicide Prevention Walk". Local participants would walk a total distance of 60 km across the tundra from Kivitoo, an old whaling station. Today the walk is much shorter than the original two and a half days, but it is still meant to promote hope among the community; the community hosts a two-week celebration over the New Year period every year. Visitors are warmly encouraged to join the festivities and games. Near Qikiqtarjuaq was the home of FOX-5, a Distant Early Warning Line and now a North Warning System site. In July 2011, Qikiqtarjuaq was featured in the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Cabin Pressure. Qikiqtarjuaq is situated off eastern Baffin Island. Davis Strait and Baffin Bay run to the east, the Baffin Mountains are located to the west, more the Arctic Cordillera mountain range.
It is one of the Nunavut communities closest to Greenland. It is served by Qikiqtarjuaq Airport, IATA: YVM, ICAO: CYVM, a nine-room inn, the Tulugak Hotel. A nursing station and Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment provide vital resources for the community; the nursing station is composed of two nurses plus local volunteers and assistants and the RCMP station is a one-person detachment but sometimes hosts two officers. Qikiqtarjuaq is a popular stop for pilots; the airport has a 3,803 by 100 ft gravel runway, well compacted, well cared for, cleared of snow daily, lit. Qikiqtarjuaq is closer to Kangerlussuaq, Greenland than Iqaluit; the instrument approach minima for the non-directional beacon approach at CYVM is high due to high terrain surrounding the airport. An airport advisory service, Qikiqtarjuaq Airport Radio, provides assistance to pilots during normal business hours, provides weather observation services. An automatic weather observation service operates; the fuel supplier at the airport can assist with all ground handling arrangements, including transportation, parking, de-icing, accommodations.
In the summer of 2010, construction began on the new airport terminal building, a new municipal office will be built in 2011. There is an access road, built to Tisunaaq known as Ceetee Land to the Elders, another road is proposed to Qikiqtarjuaqruluk, or Old Broughton, an abandoned settlement. Kivitoo, an old whaling station, is located 90 km to the north and is abandoned; the community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone; the Qiniq network is operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, 2G-GSM for mobile voice. Qikiqtarjuaq has a tundra climate, with the warmest month averaging below 6 °C. List of municipalities in Nunavut The Tulugak Hotel Qikiqtarjuaq Facts Leelie Enterprises