Jim Hamilton–L.B. Owens Airport
Jim Hamilton–L. B. Owens Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located two nautical miles south of the central business district of Columbia, in Richland County, South Carolina, United States. In 2008, the airport was renamed in honor of former airport manager Jim Hamilton, it was known as Columbia Owens Downtown Airport. The airport was the main municipal airport serving Columbia, South Carolina, prior to World War II, it was named Columbia Municipal Airport, on April 24, 1930, the new airport was dedicated. In celebration, an airshow with more than 15,000 people attending saw notable aviators like the President of the Curtiss Flying Service, Casey Jones, Bill Winston, Elliot White Springs. Eastern Air Transport began passenger and airmail service to Owens Field in 1932. Delta Air Lines began its first scheduled services out of Columbia's new airport in 1934. Just prior to World War II, some Air Corps operations from the 65th Observation Group flew observation flights from the airport, until Columbia Army Air Base opened in 1941.
During the war, it was used by the Army Air Forces Third Air Force as a training field for reconnaissance and observation pilots while remaining a commercial airport. It served as a military airport, serving the needs of Fort Jackson. President Franklin D. Roosevelt landed at Columbia Airport during a visit to Columbia; the United States Navy used Owens Field as a military airport. In addition, the military officials at the airport controlled a Prisoner of War Camp at Walterboro, where some 350 POWs were sent who worked on farms and other tasks. After the war, the airport returned to commercial use. After the war, the airport was renamed Owens Field for Columbia Mayor Lawrence B. Owens, one of the most ardent supporters of a municipal airport. Owens Field remained the commercial airport for Columbia until airline service was relocated to the larger Columbia Metropolitan Airport near Cayce in 1947 when the Air Force released its former World War II base to Lexington County. Since Owens Downtown Airport has served the general aviation community of Columbia and the midlands.
Jim Hamilton–L. B. Owens Airport covers an area of 182 acres at an elevation of 194 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 13/31 with an asphalt surface measuring 5,011 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending November 19, 2009, the airport had 56,000 aircraft operations, an average of 153 per day: 92% general aviation, 6% air taxi, 2% military. At that time there were 126 aircraft based at this airport: 81% single-engine, 15% multi-engine, 1% jet and 3% helicopter. South Carolina World War II Army Airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Jim Hamilton L. B. Owens Airport information from SC Division of Aeronautics Eagle Aviation, the fixed-base operator Aerial photo from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for CUB, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for CUB AirNav airport information for KCUB ASN accident history for CUB FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
Conway, South Carolina
Conway is a city in Horry County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 17,103 at the 2010 census, had an estimated population in 2016 of 22,761, it is part of the Myrtle Beach metropolitan area. It is the home of Coastal Carolina University. Numerous buildings and structures located in Conway are on the National Register of Historic Places. Among these is the City Hall building, designed by Robert Mills, architect of the Washington Monument. Since the completion of the Main Street USA project in the 1980s, Conway's downtown has been revitalized with shops and bistros. Highlighting the renovation of the downtown area is the Riverwalk, an area of restaurants which follows a stretch of the Waccamaw River that winds through Conway. Conway is one of the oldest towns in South Carolina. Early English colonists named the village "Kings Town" but soon changed it to "Kingston"; the town was founded in 1732 as part of Royal Governor Robert Johnson's Township Scheme. It was laid out on a bluff overlooking the Waccamaw River in.
Many area residents fought in the American Revolution, small engagements were fought near Kingston at Bear Bluff and at Black Lake. Francis Marion, known as the "Swamp Fox", had an encampment near Kingston just across the Waccamaw River; the areas of Kingston and Charles Town, S. C. were communities with a higher population of Tories than many other Colonial American towns during the revolutionary war era. A Tory was a colonist. After the war, patriotic citizens wanted to discard the name that honored Great Britain's King George II; the county's name was changed to Horry in honor of General Peter Horry in 1801, a courthouse was established in Kingston. "Kingston" was changed to "Conwayborough", for General Robert Conway. In 1883, the General Assembly changed the name to "Conway". Conway is situated on the South Carolina Coastal Plain on the western banks of the Waccamaw River, is 14 miles from the Atlantic Ocean. U. S. Route 701 passes through the city center, leading northeast 44 miles to Whiteville, North Carolina, southwest 36 miles to Georgetown.
U. S. Route 501 runs through the southwest side of Conway, leading southeast 14 miles to Myrtle Beach and northwest 33 miles to Marion. U. S. Route 378 leads west 46 miles to Lake City. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles, of which 21.9 square miles are land and 0.85 square miles, or 3.69%, are water. The downtown is sited on the west bank of the Waccamaw River where it is joined by a creek called Kingston Lake; the Waccamaw flows south to the Pee Dee River and Winyah Bay at Georgetown. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,788 people, 4,259 households, 2,942 families residing in the city; the population density was 927.8 people per square mile. There were 4,783 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 55.82% White, 41.85% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.
There were 4,259 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.9% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,155, the median income for a family was $39,189. Males had a median income of $26,720 versus $21,310 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,611. About 15.9% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.
The city is run by an elected mayor–council government system, with council members being Randle L. Alford, Ashley Smith, William Goldfinch IV, Jean M. Timbes, Thomas J. Anderson II, Larry A. White; the current mayor is Barbara Jo Blain-Bellamy. Most of the county is served by Horry County Schools. Private schools include Conway Christian School. Conway is home to two major institutes of higher learning, Coastal Carolina University and Horry-Georgetown Technical College, it is home to a branch of Webster University, an MBA graduate school, North American Institute of Aviation, a flight school. Conway is home to the Conway-Horry County Airport, a small airport located 4 miles west of town, along US-378. A large part of Horry County is served by the Coast Regional Transit Authority known as the Waccamaw Regional Transit Authority and as Lymo; the primary station and offices are located near the historic district. R. J. Corman Railroad's Carolina Line is a short-line railroad which serves parts of North and South Carolina.
Conway is located on NC-Myrtle Beach, SC branch. The historical Conway railroad depot is located along this branch, although the depot is now an office building. Notable companies/employers located in the Conway area inc
Columbia, South Carolina
Columbia is the capital and second largest city of the U. S. state of South Carolina, with a population estimate of 134,309 as of 2016. The city serves as the county seat of Richland County, a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County, it is the center of the Columbia metropolitan statistical area, which had a population of 767,598 as of the 2010 United States Census, growing to 817,488 by July 1, 2016, according to 2015 U. S. Census estimates; the name Columbia is a poetic term used for the United States, originating from the name of Christopher Columbus. The city is located 13 miles northwest of the geographic center of South Carolina, is the primary city of the Midlands region of the state, it lies at the confluence of the Saluda River and the Broad River, which merge at Columbia to form the Congaree River. Columbia is home to the University of South Carolina, the state's flagship university and the largest in the state, is the site of Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training.
Columbia is located 20 miles west of the site of McEntire Joint National Guard Base, operated by the U. S. Air Force and is used as a training base for the 169th Fighter Wing of The South Carolina Air National Guard. Columbia is the location of the South Carolina State House, the center of government for the state. In 1860, the city was the location of the South Carolina Secession Convention, which marked the departure of the first state from the Union in the events leading up to the Civil War. At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Columbia were a people called the Congaree. In May 1540, a Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto traversed what is now Columbia while moving northward; the expedition produced the earliest written historical records of the area, part of the regional Cofitachequi chiefdom. From the creation of Columbia by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1786, the site of Columbia was important to the overall development of the state; the Congarees, a frontier fort on the west bank of the Congaree River, was the head of navigation in the Santee River system.
A ferry was established by the colonial government in 1754 to connect the fort with the growing settlements on the higher ground on the east bank. Like many other significant early settlements in colonial America, Columbia is on the fall line from the Piedmont region; the fall line is the spot where a river becomes unnavigable when sailing upstream and where water flowing downstream can power a mill. State Senator John Lewis Gervais of the town of Ninety Six introduced a bill, approved by the legislature on March 22, 1786, to create a new state capital. There was considerable argument over the name for the new city. According to published accounts, Senator Gervais said he hoped that "in this town we should find refuge under the wings of COLUMBIA", for, the name which he wished it to be called. One legislator insisted on the name "Washington", but "Columbia" won by a vote of 11–7 in the state senate; the site was chosen as the new state capital in 1786, due to its central location in the state.
The State Legislature first met there in 1790. After remaining under the direct government of the legislature for the first two decades of its existence, Columbia was incorporated as a village in 1805 and as a city in 1854. Columbia received a large stimulus to development when it was connected in a direct water route to Charleston by the Santee Canal; this canal connected the Cooper rivers in a 22-mile-long section. It was first chartered in 1786 and completed in 1800, making it one of the earliest canals in the United States. With increased railroad traffic, it ceased operation around 1850; the commissioners designed a town of 400 blocks in a 2-mile square along the river. The blocks were sold to speculators and prospective residents. Buyers had to build a house at least 30 feet long and 18 feet wide within three years or face an annual 5% penalty; the perimeter streets and two through streets were 150 feet wide. The remaining squares were divided by thoroughfares 100 feet wide; the commissioners comprised the local government until 1797 when a Commission of Streets and Markets was created by the General Assembly.
Three main issues occupied most of their time: public drunkenness and poor sanitation. As one of the first planned cities in the United States, Columbia began to grow rapidly, its population was nearing 1,000 shortly after the start of the 19th century. In 1801, South Carolina College was founded in Columbia; the original building survives. The city was chosen as the site of the institution in part to unite the citizens of the Upcountry and the Lowcountry and to discourage the youth from migrating to England for their higher education. At the time, South Carolina sent more young men to England; the leaders of South Carolina wished to monitor the development of the school. Columbia received its first charter as a town in 1805. An intendant and six wardens would govern the town. John Taylor, the first elected intendant served in both houses of the General Assembly, both houses of Congress, as governor. By 1816, there were a population of more than one thousand. Columbia became chartered with an elected mayor and six aldermen.
Two years Columbia had a police force consisting of a full-time chief and nine patrolmen. The city continued to grow at a rapid
Aiken Regional Airport
Aiken Regional Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located five nautical miles north of the central business district of Aiken, a city in Aiken County, South Carolina, United States. The airport serves the general aviation community, with no scheduled commercial airline service, it was Aiken Air Force Station Aiken Regional Airport covers an area of 700 acres at an elevation of 528 feet above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 7/25 is 5,500 by 100 feet and 1/19 is 3,800 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending July 24, 2008, the airport had 43,900 aircraft operations, an average of 120 per day: 93% general aviation, 6% air taxi and 1% military. At that time there were 53 aircraft based at this airport: 70% single-engine, 23% multi-engine and 7% jet. List of airports in South Carolina official website Aiken Aviation Enterprises, the fixed-base operator FAA Terminal Procedures for AIK, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for AIK AirNav airport information for KAIK ASN accident history for AIK FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
Cheraw, South Carolina
Cheraw is a town on the Pee Dee River in Chesterfield County South Carolina, United States. The population was 5,851 at the 2010 census and has the lowest per capita income level of any municipality of 5,000 or more residents in the Pee Dee region, it has been nicknamed "The Prettiest Town in Dixie". The harbor tug; when the first Europeans arrived in the area it was inhabited by the Cheraw and Pee Dee American Indian tribes. The Cheraw lived near the waterfall hill, near present-day Cheraw, but by the 1730s they had been devastated by new infectious disease inadvertently carried by the European traders. Survivors left their name in history. Only a few scattered Cheraw families remained by the time of the American Revolution. A few European settlers entered their territory in the 1730s, forced upriver when the Welsh came to claim the Welsh Baptist lands granted by the English government in the area around Society Hill. Many of the early settlers of the 1740s in Cheraw were ethnic English, French Huguenots, or Scots-Irish.
By 1750, Cheraw had become an established Anglo-American village with a growing river trade, one of the first inland villages. It was one of only six places in South Carolina. In the 1760s, Joseph and Eli Kershaw were granted the part of Cheraw, now the downtown historic district; the Kershaws laid out a formal street system. By 1830 settlers lined all the streets with rows of elms; the Kershaws called the town "Chatham", but people never accepted this name, continuing to call it "Cheraw" or "Cheraw Hill". There was a lack of organization and rule during the beginning of the 1740s in the backcountry of South Carolina; this lack of organization and unrest was an underlying cause of the resentment people of these areas felt toward the British Crown. In the Pee Dee area, planters organized a group called the Regulators to help bring order to the area. In 1768 St. David's Parish, the last Anglican Church built in South Carolina under King George III, was established to help serve the civic and religious needs of the Cheraw area.
A judicial district and courthouse were established to help deal with the problem of order. However, there was still much discontent with the ruling authority, in May 1776 the grand jury of the Cheraws District Two declared its independence from Great Britain. Many area men played prominent roles in the American Revolution, they included Claudius Pegues, General Henry W. Harrington, the Ellerbe brothers, Philip Pledger, Eli Kershaw. There was much unrest in the area during this time because Cheraw fell into part of the British strategic line of defense, where garrisons were built to control revolutionaries and to encourage loyalists. Other towns in this line of defense included Camden, South Carolina, Augusta, Georgia. Cheraw became a strategic point for the Americans. Military activity was heavy in Cheraw and surrounding counties from 1780-1781. During the Revolutionary War, St. David's Church was used as a hospital for British troops that operated under Lord Cornwallis's command and as quarters for the South Carolina militia.
In December 1780, just across from Cheraw, American commander General Nathanael Greene set up a "camp of repose" to rest and train his men. In 1819, the first steamboat came up river, along with it a burst of prosperity because of expanded trade. Cheraw was incorporated as a town in 1820; the main crops from the Cheraw area were corn, tobacco and indigo. Cheraw had the largest cotton market between Georgetown, South Carolina, Wilmington, North Carolina; because of the cotton trade, the town boasted the largest bank in South Carolina outside of Charleston before the Civil War. Despite a serious fire in 1835, by 1850 the town was a prosperous center of trade. Leading up to the Civil War, Cheraw citizens played a key role in South Carolina's secession from the Union. On November 19, 1860, the first call for secession in a public meeting was made at the Chesterfield County Courthouse. John A. Inglis of Cheraw was in attendance, he introduced the resolution for South Carolina to secede. Inglis was named the chairman of the committee that wrote the document for South Carolina's secession.
From the beginning of the war, Cheraw was known as a storehouse for valuables. In March 1865, General William T. Sherman brought his Union troops to Cheraw for several days. One Union soldier said that they found Cheraw to be "a pleasant town and an old one with the Southern aristocratic bearing." Sherman used this as a time to gain more control over his men. No private dwellings or public buildings in Cheraw were destroyed by his troops. However, an accidental explosion of captured gunpowder at the river hill burned the Cheraw business district; the county courthouse in Chesterfield was burned in this event, resulting in the loss of many records. Thus, it is difficult to date many of the historic properties. During the Civil War, St. David's Church was used as a hospital by both the Confederate and Union armies; some troops from both armies were buried there. The first Confederate monument was erected there in 1867, a claim disputed by West Virginia; the monument did not mention the Confederate soldiers because the area was still occupied by Federal troops.
The Civil War caused great economic hardship in Cheraw. However, by the early 1900s, prosperity began to return to Cheraw; the Great Depression again brought change. Cheraw State Park and Sandhills State Forest were both founded in the 1930s. By the 1950s and 1960s the groundwork was laid for industrial growth. By the end of the 20th century, Cheraw had a balanced
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities for commercial air transport. Airports have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad, includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers and terminals. Larger airports may have airport aprons, taxiway bridges, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, emergency services. In some countries, the US in particular, they typically have one or more fixed-base operators, serving general aviation. An airport serving helicopters is called a heliport. An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base; such a base includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings, seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control as well as incorporating all of the aforementioned elements.
Such airports rank among the most complex and largest of all built typologies with 15 of the top 50 buildings by floor area being airport terminals. The terms aerodrome and airstrip may be used to refer to airports, the terms heliport, seaplane base, STOLport refer to airports dedicated to helicopters, seaplanes, or short take-off and landing aircraft. In colloquial use in certain environments, the terms airport and aerodrome are interchanged. However, in general, the term airport may imply or confer a certain stature upon the aviation facility that other aerodromes may not have achieved. In some jurisdictions, airport is a legal term of art reserved for those aerodromes certified or licensed as airports by the relevant national aviation authority after meeting specified certification criteria or regulatory requirements; that is to say, all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. In jurisdictions where there is no legal distinction between aerodrome and airport, which term to use in the name of an aerodrome may be a commercial decision.
In United States technical/legal usage, landing area is used instead of aerodrome, airport means "a landing area used by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo". Smaller or less-developed airfields, which represent the vast majority have a single runway shorter than 1,000 m. Larger airports for airline flights have paved runways of 2,000 m or longer. Skyline Airport in Inkom, Idaho has a runway, only 122 m long. In the United States, the minimum dimensions for dry, hard landing fields are defined by the FAR Landing And Takeoff Field Lengths; these include considerations for safety margins during takeoff. The longest public-use runway in the world is at Qamdo Bamda Airport in China, it has a length of 5,500 m. The world's widest paved runway is 105 m wide; as of 2009, the CIA stated that there were 44,000 "... airports or airfields recognizable from the air" around the world, including 15,095 in the US, the US having the most in the world. Most of the world's large airports are owned by local, regional, or national government bodies who lease the airport to private corporations who oversee the airport's operation.
For example, in the United Kingdom the state-owned British Airports Authority operated eight of the nation's major commercial airports – it was subsequently privatized in the late 1980s, following its takeover by the Spanish Ferrovial consortium in 2006, has been further divested and downsized to operating just Heathrow now. Germany's Frankfurt Airport is managed by the quasi-private firm Fraport. While in India GMR Group operates, through joint ventures, Indira Gandhi International Airport and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport. Bengaluru International Airport and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are controlled by GVK Group; the rest of India's airports are managed by the Airports Authority of India. In Pakistan nearly all civilian airports are owned and operated by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority except for Sialkot International Airport which has the distinction of being the first owned public airport in Pakistan and South Asia. In the United States, commercial airports are operated directly by government entities or government-created airport authorities, such as the Los Angeles World Airports authority that oversees several airports in the Greater Los Angeles area, including Los Angeles International Airport.
In Canada, the federal authority, Transport Canada, divested itself of all but the remotest airports in 1999/2000. Now most airports in Canada are owned and operated by individual legal authorities or are municipally owned. Many U. S. airports still lease part or all of their facilities to outside firms, who operate functions such as retail management and parking. In the U. S. all commercial airport runways are certified by the FAA under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 139, "Certification of Commercial Service Airports" but maintained by the local airport under the regulatory authority of the FAA. Despite the reluctance to privatize airports in the US, the government-owned, contractor-operated arrangement is the standard for the operation of commercial airports in the rest of the world. Airports are divided into airside areas; the landside area is open to the public, while access to the airside area is controlled. The airside area includes all parts of the airpo
Greenville–Spartanburg International Airport
Greenville–Spartanburg International Airport is near Greer, South Carolina, midway between Greenville and Spartanburg, the major cities of the Upstate region. The airport is the second-busiest airport in South Carolina, after Charleston International Airport, with about 2.31 million passengers in 2018. The Federal Aviation Administration National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a small-hub primary commercial service facility. Before construction of the Greenville–Spartanburg International Airport, each city had its own airport and competed for airline service. In the mid-1950s Roger Milliken, a textile heir, industrialist and political activist, worked with other Upstate business leaders to get a shared airport for the two cities. In 1958 a proposal for an airport between the two cities was presented to the legislative delegation for the two counties, which approved the construction and the creation of an airport commission, headed by Milliken. GSP opened on October 15, 1962, replacing Greenville Downtown Airport as the primary airline destination in the region.
In the 1980s GSP expanded its terminal and cargo facilities, the runway was lengthened twice in the 1990s. In 2004 the airfield was named for Milliken. Having been served by legacy carriers, with large hubs in nearby Atlanta and Charlotte, GSP had long been plagued with high fares; the arrival of low-cost carriers in recent years has increased passenger figures. Allegiant Air began flights to Florida in 2006, in 2011 Southwest Airlines began service to five cities. Local officials attribute Southwest's presence to an unprecedented 38% growth in passenger figures between 2010 and 2011. In 2011 GSP received an ANNIE Award from Airline and Airport News & Analysis for being the fastest-growing small airport in the United States. In 2012 the U. S. Department of Transportation's Bureau of Travel Statistics reported that average fares from GSP decreased by 14%; the airport has one runway, 4/22, 11,001 ft × 150 ft asphalt/concrete. The airport has one terminal building with two concourses: Concourse A, Concourse B.
The check-in level is the same for all passengers. In 2012 the airport embarked on a four-year, $102 million terminal improvement program which would modernize the terminal and improve passenger flow, as well as prepare for future expansion. Future planning includes several options, i.e. the expansion of the terminal by 300% of its current capacity and the possibility of the addition of second runway, parallel to the existing one. Concourse A is used by Allegiant Air, American and United. Delta and Delta Connection use Concourse B; the airport can handle up to 250 passengers per hour through immigration and customs checkpoints. FedEx has a major package facility on the north end of the airport, BMW has a facility which supports easy transfer of arriving parts to the company's manufacturing facility, three miles to the east; the airport was the facility used for many equestrian teams to deliver horses to and from the 2018 FEI World Equestrian Games in neighboring Tryon, North Carolina. GSP is serviced by their regional affiliates.
All service is domestic. In July 2016 GSP airport and Senator International of Germany announced that a scheduled twice-weekly freight service would begin in November between Greenville/Spartanburg and Munich, Germany; the freight service would be the first scheduled international route for the airport. Senator International began the international freight service to Germany in November, operated by Air Atlanta Icelandic with a Boeing 747-400F aircraft, to both Munich and Frankfurt–Hahn. Greenville–Spartanburg International Airport, official site FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 FAA Terminal Procedures for GSP, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: AirNav airport information for KGSP ASN accident history for GSP FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KGSP FAA current GSP delay information