Coal Harbour is the name for a section of Burrard Inlet lying between Vancouver, Canada's downtown peninsula and the Brockton Peninsula of Stanley Park. It has now become the name of the neighbourhood adjacent to its southern shoreline. Coal Harbour is used to designate the new official neighbourhood of the City of Vancouver bounded by Burrard Street and Pender near the Financial District to West Georgia Street near the West End in the south to Stanley Park in the north; the neighbourhood consists of numerous high-rise residential apartment and condo towers with luxury townhome podiums catering to the upper-crust. The northwestern section near Stanley Park features picturesque parkland, private marinas, several rowing and boating clubs, high-end shoppes and restaurants, a community centre designed by architect Gregory Henriquez. To the east is Deadman's Island, the site of the naval station and museum HMCS Discovery, where the harbour itself opens up to the Burrard Inlet. Towards the Financial District in the southeast, the neighbourhood is dominated by high-rise office buildings and numerous apartment towers.
South lies Vancouver's Luxury Zone along Alberni Street. Coal Harbour is home to Vancouver Harbour Water Aerodrome, located a few blocks from Canada Place and the Vancouver Convention Centre. Within the harbour is a floating gas station for marine vessels; the six floating homes in Coal Harbour, along with the twelve across town in False Creek are the only legal floating homes within the city of Vancouver. The discovery of coal in the harbour in 1862 inspired the name. In the days when the area along West Pender Street was an upper-class residential district, Coal Harbour was known as Blueblood Alley because of the many large mansions along it. Notable inhabitants and developments in Coal Harbour's past include: Squamish settlements, notably on Deadman Island, Brockton Point and Lumberman's Arch. In 1862 minor exploration began of the visible coal seams on the flank of the bluff overlooking the harbour, first noted by Captain Vancouver; this bluff was where most of West Hastings Street is today.
The coal was low-grade, but its occurrence in clays similar to porcelain-making clays of the English Midlands led to the staking of what is known as the Brickmaker's Claim by the Three Greenhorns. The Brickmaker's Claim is now the West End. No clay was mined nor porcelain made, but one of the Greenhorns was the developer of the clay mine and brickworks at Clayburn on Sumas Mountain near Abbotsford. A settlement of Kanakas near today's Bayshore Inn and the eastern end of Lost Lagoon was known as the Kanaka Rancherie, or the Cherry Orchard due to its many cherry trees; the area is now called Devonian Harbour Park, memorial cherry trees have been planted there in memory of AIDS victims. The Vancouver Boating Club, now Vancouver Rowing Club, from 1887 the Pacific Lumber Mill Company in the late 19th century The Royal Vancouver Yacht Club Denman Arena was built in 1911 to house the Vancouver Millionaires professional ice hockey club on the Kanakas Ranch site at Georgia and Denman; the Arena would host the only victory by a Vancouver team of the Stanley Cup in 1915.
The Denman Auditorium was built adjacent to the Arena in 1927 for smaller events. The Arena was destroyed by fire in 1936; the Auditorium remained in use until its demolition in 1959. Boeing Canada's Boat Factory beginning in the 1910s; the Vancouver Shipyards through the 1930s the CP Rail Station & Canadian Pacific Steamships passenger terminal/dock The Royal Canadian Air Force began work on a seaplane base and reconnaissance station at Coal Harbour in 1940. As part of the war effort, the RCAF turned over its direction finding and intercept facility to the Royal Canadian Navy. Due to an organizational change in 1942, the RCN ratings stationed at Coal Harbour and the ones from Ucluelet were withdrawn and moved to Gordon Head near Victoria. Harbour Ferries, a tour-boat and water-taxi service, continues to operate from docks in Coal Harbour Howard Hughes, who resided in the top two floors of the Bayshore Inn for 5 months and 28 days in the 1970s. Denman Arena, an indoor ice arena that stood from 1911 to 1936.
Trader Vic's, for many years held to be Vancouver's best night-out, was launched in a tiki-style hut next to the Bayshore. HMCS Discovery, a naval base on Deadman Island. In 1993 Vancouver City Council froze applications for development of the Marathon Realty lands between Canada Place and the Bayshore Hotel; the company was required to reach an agreement with The First Narrows Floating Co-op, representing floating home and live-aboard boat residents in pre existing marinas, for their inclusion in the redevelopment of the waterfront. Negotiations concluded with the guarantee of space for residents in Coal Harbour Marina on extended leases. Official Coal Harbour Website Coal Harbour Community Centre Several historical photos of Coal Harbour City of Vancouver Archives VancouverHistory.ca for historical references Coal Harbour Residents Association Map of Coal Harbour from Google Maps
Royal Columbian Hospital
The Royal Columbian Hospital is the oldest hospital in the Canadian province of British Columbia and one of the busiest in the Fraser Health Authority. RCH is located in the city of New Westminster overlooking the Fraser River and is the only hospital in the Lower Mainland, adjacent to a Skytrain station. Royal Columbian Hospital is a major tertiary care facility known for trauma care and open-heart surgery and neonatal intensive care; the hospital has the only program capable of performing cardiac surgery for expectant women in the Province of British Columbia. RCH performs 95 per cent of the primary angioplasties or percutaneous coronary interventions for the region and has demonstrated healthy outcomes for patients transferred back to their referring hospital. Royal Columbian Hospital was again ranked one of the top hospitals in the country in caring for infants in its NICU in the latest Canadian Neonatal Network report; the hospital’s NICU, which cared for 528 of B. C.’s premature and vulnerable infants during the study period, was rated one of the best in the country at saving these high-risk babies.
It achieved a 98.6 percent survival rate overall for its infant patients, this despite the fact that as a Level 3 NICU it cares for some of B. C.’s “micro pree-mies”. The hospital has been in the top rankings over the 18 years the Network has been producing the study; the hospital has 402 acute care beds and has a medical staff of 385 physicians, divided between family physicians and specialists. Many of the physicians practice at Eagle Ridge Hospital in nearby Port Moody. RCH has a helipad. RCH offers free Wi-Fi through a FatPort hotspot near the main entrance; the need for a hospital to care for the sick and injured became a public concern during the population growth caused by the gold rushes of the 1850s and 1860s. The first Royal Columbian Hospital, designed for 30 patients and located on the corner of Clement and Agnes Street was opened on 7 October 1862 to care for men only. Women, "the incurable and the insane" were excluded from care; the Royal Engineers planned and helped build the hospital, the first in the colony.
The cost was $3,396. A chain gang from the penitentiary helped clear the site. RCH moved to its current location in the Sapperton area of New Westminster in 1889.. An early physician and surgeon connected with the hospital at this location was Richard Irvine Bentley. In 1978, Prince Philip and Health Minister Bob McClelland opened the addition of the Health Care Centre portion of the hospital. Hon. Ella Campbell Scarlett M. D was the first woman doctor at the Royal Columbian Hospital. RCH housed a nursing school between 1978 in the Sherbrooke building, it now accommodates mental health clinical services. RCH is a Clinical Academic Campus affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine of the University of British Columbia, the first in the Fraser Health region. Fraser Health, the health authority that operates RCH, is working on plans to redevelop and expand the hospital to address aging infrastructure and a congested emergency department. In June 2012, the provincial government committed to the renovation of the hospital.
In 2015, the province approved the business plan for Phase 1 of the redevelopment. In 2017, Phase 2 and Phase 3 approvals were announced costing about $1.3 billion. 2016-2020 will construct a new 75-bed substance use wellness centre. 2020-2024 will construct a new Acute Care Tower with a new Emergency Department will add 50 per cent more hospital beds, raising the total from 446 to 675. 2023-2026 will upgrade and add capacity to areas in the existing Health Care Centre and Columbia Tower that will include expansion of the pediatric and neonatal intensive care units. Royal Columbian Hospital Foundation
Abbotsford International Airport
Abbotsford International Airport is located in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada, 2.2 nautical miles southwest of the city centre. It is the second largest airport in the Lower Mainland, after Vancouver International Airport, is in close proximity to British Columbia Highway 1, the US border, it is located about 40 kilometres from 65 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. YXX offers seasonal international scheduled services; the airport is equipped with a CAT 1 instrument landing system, on-site aircraft rescue and firefighting, a serviced air terminal building with customs and passenger screening. It is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency for all scheduled international arrivals. CBSA provides clearance services to all general aviation aircraft with no more than 15 passengersAbbotsford Airport has a longstanding general aviation community and an established aerospace community, including Cascade Aerospace, the Conair Group, the University of the Fraser Valley Aerospace Centre.
Abbotsford Airport is home to the Abbotsford Shell Aerocentre FBO and flying schools, such as Coastal Pacific Aviation and Chinook Helicopters. YXX is visible to the public due to the Abbotsford International Airshow, Defense & Security Expo, Tradex events centre. There are 87 hectares of land available for airside and landside development. In 2008, 503,693 passengers passed through Abbotsford International Airport and 477,087 in 2014. In 2018, the airport announced it will undergo a $5 million, 14-000 square foot expansion to add new gates and additional passenger seating capacity; the Royal Canadian Air Force purchased the land to build Abbotsford Airport in 1940. In 1943 the construction of the three 1,555 m × 60 m runways based on a triangular layout was complete; the same year, under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, the No. 24 Elementary Flying Training School started operations from this location until 1944. The No 5 Operational Conversion Unit was split between Boundary Bay Airport.
In 1942, the aerodrome was listed at 49°01′N 122°22′W with a Var. 23.5 degrees E and no listed elevation. The aerodrome was listed as "Under construction - Servicable" an had three runways as follows: Following World War II, the airport was used for general aviation and as a secondary field to Vancouver International Airport. Prior to the use of instrument landing systems, fog could make Vancouver unusable and flights had to land at Abbotsford. If a big earthquake floods or otherwise damages low-lying Vancouver Airport on Sea Island in Richmond as many flights as possible will be looking to land at Abbotsford Airport; the airport became the home to Skyways Air Services and Conair Aviation in the 1960s. Abbotsford is still the primary base for Conair's fleet of water bombers. In September 1984 Pope John Paul II held an open-air mass for over 200,000 people at the airport. On January 1, 1997, the ownership of the Abbotsford Airport was transferred from the Department of Transport to the City of Abbotsford for a sum of $10.
In June of that year, Abbotsford became a jet passenger airport in with the start of scheduled service to Alberta by WestJet. Prior, Airspeed Aviation had been the exclusive operator offering regional service to Victoria, B. C. since 1986. Canada 3000 was the first airline to offer transcontinental service from Abbotsford to Toronto in June 2000. Abbotsford's first international charter flight was to Puerto Vallarta, Mexico in December 2003 by tour operator Transat Holidays. Since 2000 many airlines and tour operators have come and gone from Abbotsford, including Air Canada, Air Canada Tango, Air Canada Jazz, Air North, Canada 3000, Central Mountain Air, Jetsgo, Signature Vacations, Zoom Airlines, Harmony Airways, Peace Air and ZIP Air. In 2010, a new parallel taxiway was added alongside runway 07/25, the main airport apron was extended. An aircraft run-up bay that can accommodate up to three medium weight category aircraft at the same time was added near the Cascade Aerospace hangar. From 2017, Abbotsford International Airport began to see a resurgence in air passenger numbers, with the introduction of service to Edmonton and Calgary with WestJet.
In 2018, Flair Airlines introduced additional flights to Edmonton, new flights to Winnipeg and Hamilton. Swoop, WestJet‘s ULCC subsidiary, began similar operations, with flights to Edmonton, Hamilton, Las Vegas, seasonal flights to Mazatlan and Puerto Vallarta. Since 1962, the airport has hosted the annual Abbotsford International Airshow held the second weekend in August. Designated as Canada's national airshow in the mid 1970s by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, it is Canada's largest airshow as well as one of North America's largest airshows, it has been listed as one of the ten best airshows in the world. It draws airplane enthusiasts from all over the Northwestern United States; the static displays allow people to get up close to many of the exhibits while numerous performances decorate the skies above. The International Council of Airshows awarded a Silver Pinnacle Award to the airshow in 2014; the airport is serviced by Central Fraser Valley Transit Route 21, which connects Aldergrove with Bourquin Exchange in Abbotsford.
Per the rider guide dated 2017-09-03, it is unlikely that this service will be useful to airline passengers. The airport is served on their route between Vancouver and Kamloops/Kelowna. Ebus is a carrier based in Alberta. Official website Abbotsford Airport on COPA's Places to Fly airport directory List of where airlines fly fro
Richmond, British Columbia
Richmond is a coastal city located in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is part of the Metro Vancouver area, it is the major part of Lulu Island. As of 2016, it has an estimated population of 198,309 people with 60% being immigrants, the highest proportion of immigrants in Canada. Richmond is the location of Vancouver International Airport. During the 2010 Winter Olympics, Richmond was the site for the long track speed skating events. Richmond is located on Lulu Island at the mouth of the Fraser River, it encompasses some smaller uninhabited islets to the north and south. Neighbouring communities are Vancouver and Burnaby to the north, New Westminster to the east, Delta to the south; the Strait of Georgia forms its western border. Coast Salish bands had temporary camps on the island, to fish and collect berries, which were scattered and moved from year to year. Certain Coast Salish summer camps were located at Garry Point, Woodward's Landing, along with the site of the Terra Nova cannery, which had at one time been a Musqueam village.
The Township of Richmond was named by Founding Father John Wesley Sexsmith after his birthplace The Township of Richmond, Lennox County, Ontario. The Township of Richmond, Lennox County, Ontario was named for Governor General for British North America, Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, Yorkshire, England; the first published reference to "Richmond" was a pamphlet about the local farmstead established on Sea Island by Hugh McRoberts. His daughter chose this name because the view across the Fraser River reminded her of Richmond, north of Sydney, Australia. At the meeting in her home to choose the name Mrs. Hugh Boyd, wife of the first reeve of Richmond, was told that the name came from her birthplace, England; the Township of Richmond, British Columbia incorporated on November 10, 1879. The Township of Richmond was modeled after Ontario’s political townships – an incorporated municipality, consisting of communities that are united as a single entity with a single municipal administration; each community was represented on the municipal council through a ward electoral system with five wards until 1946 when the ward electoral system was replaced with the at large electoral system, in place.
On December 3, 1990, Richmond was designated as a City. The first Town Hall, the Agricultural Hall and the Methodist Church, were built at the corner of No.17 Rd and No.20 Rd near the main settlement on the northwestern tip of Lulu Island at North Arm. The old fishing village of Steveston on the southwestern tip of Lulu Island is now home to several museums and heritage sites, as well as a working harbour for fishing boats. London Heritage Farm, the Gulf of Georgia Cannery and the Britannia Shipyard National Historic Site in Steveston highlight these parts of Richmond's diverse history. Richmond is made up of most of the islands in the Fraser River delta, the largest and most populated island being Lulu Island; the city of Richmond includes all but a small portion of Lulu Island. The next largest island, Sea Island, is home to the Vancouver International Airport. In addition to Lulu and Sea Islands, 15 smaller islands make up the city's 129.66 square kilometres land area, including: Mitchell Island, an industrial island accessed via the Knight Street Bridge, a bridge which connects Richmond and Vancouver.
Richmond Island, a former sand bar, has been turned into a peninsula that can only be reached from Vancouver, but technically is within Richmond's city limits. Shady Island, an uninhabited island covered with trees, which can be reached over land by foot at low tide from near Steveston; the city includes the fishing village of Steveston, located in the far southwest corner of the city, Burkeville, which shares Sea Island with the airport. Both Steveston and Burkeville were independent villages. Since all of Richmond occupies islands in a river delta, the city has plenty of rich, alluvial soil for agriculture, was one of the first areas in British Columbia to be farmed by Europeans in the 19th century; the drawback of Richmond's geographical location was that since all the land averages just one metre above sea level, it was prone to flooding during high tide. As a result, all the major islands are now surrounded by a system of dykes, although not as massive as those in the Netherlands or the levees of New Orleans, serve to protect the town from anticipated sources of flooding.
There is a possibility that, during an earthquake, the dykes could rupture and the alluvial soil may liquefy, causing extensive damage. Richmond is at risk of a major flood if the Fraser River has an unusually high spring freshet. Recreational trails run along the tops of many of the dykes, Richmond supports about 1,400 acres of parkland; because of the high water table few houses in Richmond have basements and until the late 1980s few buildings were above 3 storeys high. Because of proximity to the airport, current building regulations limit the height of buildings to 150 feet. Richmond enjoys a temperate climate; because it is not as close to the mountains, it receives 30% less rain than neighbouring Vancouver. It snows in winter and the summer temperatures are mild to warm. Richmond is very prone to fog in the cooler months. Richmond's 2016 population of 198,309 makes it the fourth largest city in British Columbia, after Vancouver and Burnaby. Richmond has an immigrant population of the highest in Canada.
Richmond has over 50% of residents identifying as Chinese, ma
Pitt Meadows is a city in southwestern British Columbia, Canada and a member municipality in Metro Vancouver. Incorporated in 1914, it has a land area of 85.38 square kilometres and a population of 18,573. Aboriginal people resided in the Pitt Meadows area 1000 years ago. James McMillan explored the area in 1874. Europeans started a settlement known as Bonson's Landing in the area in the 1870s. Early settlers were Anglo-Saxon until after 1910; the municipality takes its name from the Pitt River and Pitt Lake, which were named after former British Prime Minister William Pitt. The Municipality of Maple Ridge, which included the Pitt Meadows area, was incorporated in 1874. In 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railway was constructed through Pitt Meadows to Port Moody, British Columbia; the Pitt Meadows General Store, constructed in 1886, was moved to its current location in 1908. A garden has existed since the early years of development on the Site; the store, which contained the community's first Post Office and the first telephone, has been the home of the Pitt Meadows Museum and Archives since June 1998.
In 1892, residents of the Pitt Meadows area petitioned for their removal from the District of Maple Ridge. In 1893, the first dyking district was organized; the major Fraser River Flood event flooded many acres of land in the spring of 1894. Pitt Meadows reverted to unorganized territory from 1892 until it was separately incorporated as a municipality in 1914. In 1914, Pitt Meadows was a small, agricultural community of less than 250 individuals which supplied Vancouver and New Westminster with produce and dairy products. After 1910, many French Canadians and Japanese arrived as settlers. During World War II, Pitt Meadows lost servicemen included: Aircraftman 2nd Class William George Bend. A large group of Dutch farmers reclaimed much of the low-lying land in Pitt Meadows after World War II. Pitt Meadows joined the Greater Vancouver Water District in 1948. In 1948, a major flood occurred in the Fraser valley after cool weather through mid-May allowed an unusually large snowpack to accumulate, a sudden shift to warm temperatures caused a fast melt.
A highway bridge was constructed in 1957 over the Pitt River. The Pitt Meadows Airport opened in 1963. A Heritage Preservation Area contains several buildings of significant heritage value, including the old General Store and Hoffman and Sons Garage. Hans Hoffmann, a mechanic, worked in and ran the family business of Hoffmann and Son Ltd. for 45 years. In 1974, Hans began his hobby of restoring stationary gasoline engines; the Widgeon Valley National Wildlife Area, 125 ha in size located near Pitt Lake, was purchased by the Nature Trust of British Columbia in 1973 and declared a NWA in October 1973. Nearby areas of high wetland value include Widgeon Slough and Addington Point along the Pitt River, the shallow southern end of Pitt Lake, the extensive dyked wet areas of the Pitt Meadows; as a result the valley is attractive to wildlife and for human recreational pursuits. In 1990, the Pitt Meadows Cenotaph was constructed "in memory of all those who have served and died for us." The City of Pitt Meadows received funding for the restoration of the Pitt Meadows Cenotaph, in 2009.
In 2012, British Columbia formally apologized to the Japanese-Canadian community for the internment of thousands of people during the Second World War. Tosh Suzuki's family spent nine years in Manitoba after being displaced from its Pitt Meadows berry farm. In 1995, Pitt Meadows became a member municipality of Metro Vancouver. Pitt Meadows is one of 21 municipalities plus Electoral Area “A” that comprises the Greater Vancouver Regional District; the announcement of the Letters Patent for Pitt Meadows, Grant of Arms, Supporters and Badge was made on March 12, 2005, in Volume 139, page 688 of the Canada Gazette. The Arms consist of the colours purple and gold, its heron emblem and a band running parallel to the edge of the shield which represents the dykes which protect the lands of the municipality; the crenellated outer edge refer to the historic Hoffman garage. The horizontal bands symbolize the CP railway line; the motto is Prosperity through endeavour. The crest coronet represents Golden Ears peaks to the north of the District.
The white drops in the crest recall the early dairy industry. The Katzie eagle symbol in the crest recalls the original Aboriginal inhabitants and recreational aviation; the District of Pitt Meadows was incorporated on January 2007 as the City of Pitt Meadows. In 2007, emergency workers knocked on thousands of doors in Pitt Meadows and Maple Ridge, warning residents to prepare for flooding that could put 95 per cent of Pitt Meadows under water. In 2014, in recognition of Pitt Meadows' centennial, anniversary special festivities and a Community Birthday Party were held; the Mission Folk Music Festival Society will present the 27th and 28th editions of the Mission Folk Music Festival in 2014/2015. Pitt Meadows is located in the Lower Fraser Valley, east of Vancouver. Most residents live in the urban town centre, located on a highland area. Eighty-two percent of Pitt Meadows is within the Green Zone, including watersheds and 200 year floodplains, wilderness areas, wildlife habitats, recreational areas and forestry areas that are fundamental to Metro Vancouver’s character and ecology.
Pitt Meadows, an agricultural town, is over 68% within a flood plain with 86% of Pitt Meadows lying within the BC Agricultural Land Reserve as protected farmland. Lands designated as environmentally sensitive include wildlife conservation areas such as
Delta, British Columbia
Delta is a small city in British Columbia, forms part of Greater Vancouver. Located south of Richmond, it is bordered by the Fraser River to the north, the United States to the south and the city of Surrey to the east. Delta is composed of three distinct communities: Ladner and North Delta. Prior to European settlement, Delta's flatlands and coastal shores were inhabited by the Tsawwassen indigenous peoples, of the Coast Salish First Nations; the land was first sighted by Europeans in 1791, when Spanish explorer Lieutenant Francisco de Eliza mistook the area for an island and named it "Isla Capeda". The first European settler in Delta was James Kennedy who pre-empted 135 acres in what became Annieville in February 1860. Thomas and William Ladner, began farming the area named after them in 1868. Farming and fishing helped the community grow over the next few decades. In 1879, the area was incorporated as a municipality, named "the Corporation of Delta", the village of Ladner was made as its administrative centre.
Due to its geography, Delta was a isolated community. The completion of the George Massey Tunnel in 1959 linking Ladner to Richmond and Vancouver along with the opening, in 1960, of the Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal and the Highway 99 being rerouted from the King George Highway in Surrey in 1962 to a new route through Delta, ended Delta's isolation and resulted in a massive 400% population growth over the next 20 years; the 1986 completion of the Alex Fraser Bridge connecting North Delta to New Westminster and Vancouver helped Delta's growth. On September 22, 2017, at the request of Delta's council, the government of British Columbia changed the name and classification of the Corporation of Delta to the City of Delta; as of 2005, Delta's population was 102,655. About 23% of Delta's population are visible minorities, of which there are 12,000 South Asians and 5,400 Chinese Canadians. There are about 1,400 Aboriginal peoples, some from Tsawwassen First Nation, who still hold a fraction of their former traditional territories on the Tsawwassen First Nation at the mouth of the Fraser River, which are shared with the Hwlitsum First Nation from the Gulf Islands Delta comprises three distinct, geographically separate communities: North Delta is home to over half of Delta's population.
It is a suburban area in north-east Delta bordered by the Burns Bog and Surrey. Ladner is a 19th-century fishing village in north-west Delta. Fishing and farming are important industries. Ladner Trunk Road is its main street. Tsawwassen is a suburban community in south-west Delta that calls itself the sunniest place in Metro Vancouver. Luxury waterfront homes line Tsawwassen's coast. Tsawwassen is home to the busy Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal which links the mainland to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. Tsawwassen, together with Ladner are known as South Delta. According to the 2011 Canadian Census, the population of Delta is 99,863, a 3.3% increase from 2006. The population density is 554.4 people per square km. The median age is 42.8 years old, a bit higher than the national median age at 40.6 years old. There are 35,781 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 97.1%. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Delta is $562,181, higher than the national average at $280,552.
The median household income in Delta is $71,590, quite higher than the national average at $54,089. Delta is a diverse city; the racial make up of Delta is: 67.5% White 17.2% South Asian. The remaining 1.1% affiliate with another religion. Delta is located 27 kilometres south of Vancouver and 22 kilometres north of the Canada–US border at Peace Arch, Surrey, it is bordered by water on three sides: The Fraser River to the north, the Georgia Strait to the west and Boundary Bay to the south. At 364 square kilometres, Delta is the largest municipality in the GVRD. Delta's flat, fertile land has made it one of the most important agricultural areas in Greater Vancouver; the Agricultural Land Reserve regulations preserve most of this land for agricultural use, preventing its conversion to suburban housing. North Delta is home to the Burns Bog, 40 square kilometres of natural wetlands that are important for wildlife. Delta includes Annacis Island, an industrial island reached via the Alex Fraser Bridge, which connects Delta with Richmond and New Westminster.
Delta includes a peninsula on the east side of the Fraser River at Delta's northern city limits, only accessible via Surrey. Delta has some of the mildest winters and lowest diurnal temperature variations in Canada. Delta is governed by the Delta City Council, led by a Mayor and six Councillors, elected for four-year terms, there is an elected school board; the current mayor is George Harvie. Unlike most communities in Canada, but like Vancouver and Richmond, Delta has a system of locally based election slates such as TriDelta, IDEA, One Delta, Delta Residents Association, Delta Connect, DIVA, Independents Working For You, Achieving For Delta. In the House of Commons of Canada, Delta is part of the Delt