Kars/Rideau Valley Air Park
Rideau Valley Air Park, is a registered aerodrome located 3 nautical miles south of Kars, Ontario, Canada on the shore of the Rideau River. The aerodrome has a single 1,800 by 100 ft grass runway, serves ultralight and glider traffic. Rideau Valley Soaring is a gliding club that operates from the Kars/Rideau Valley Air park on a daily basis during the soaring season; the club consists of 30 members flying both private and club aircraft. The gliding club owns a Grob 103 and a Schweizer SGS 2-33 training gliders plus a Schweizer 1-34; the club hosts interclub competitions with the Gatineau Gliding Club and the Montreal Soaring Council. As of fall 2018, a Krosno Puchatek is being loaned to the club by the Montreal Soaring Council. List of airports in the Ottawa area List of shortest runways
Embrun, UN/LOCODE: CA EBU, is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario in the Eastern Ontario region. Embrun is part of the National Capital Region. Embrun is part of the larger Russell Township in Russell United Counties. In 2011, the urban area of Embrun had a total population of 6,380, but if surrounding agricultural areas tied to the community are included, the population figure rises to 8,669; this makes Embrun the largest community in the Township of Russell. Embrun has grown in recent years. Between 2001 and 2006, the population of Embrun's urban area increased by 26.6%, higher than any other community in the 613 area code and the 8th highest in Ontario. Between 2006 and 2011 its growth was slower, but still more than double the provincial average, growing at a rate of 12.8%, the 6th fastest in the 613 area code and the 25th fastest in Ontario. The town has a French-speaking majority, with a significant English-speaking minority. According to the 2006 Census, 57% of Embrun's population speaks French at home, while 41% speak English at home.
The remaining 2% speak either both languages or speak a non-official language. The community is located a twenty-five-minute drive from Ottawa, an hour and a half from Montreal, a five-hour drive from Toronto. Embrun is located near Trans-Canada Highway 417, between Russell and Limoges, Ontario. Politically, the community is situated in the electoral district of Glengarry—Prescott—Russell both provincially and federally; the first residents of Embrun settled the town in 1845. François Michel named the town in 1857 after France; the town's early economy was based on lumber, as the area was forested and the soils too moist for good agriculture. In the 1870s, with deforestation and the advent of land drainage technologies, agriculture replaced lumber as Embrun's main industry; the town grew in the late 19th century, a trend accelerated by the advent of the railway in 1898. The 20th century, brought a change in direction. Three events happened which harmed Embrun's economy and resulted in population decline.
First was the associated decline in the agriculture industry. Secondly, in the 1950s and 1960s, as with most other small towns across North America, Embrun suffered rural depopulation as its young people left the town to seek education and employment in urban areas; the third blow was the closure of the railway line in 1957. Towards the end of the 20th century, Embrun recovered and began growing rapidly; the construction of Highway 417 in the 1970s cut down travel time to Ottawa and as a result Embrun residents began to commute to Ottawa for work, Embrun was able to attract new residents. In the period from 1985 to 1995 Embrun's population doubled and an indoor shopping mall and business park opened. A second round of major growth occurred in the first few years of the 21st century. Between 2001 and 2006 Embrun was the fastest growing community in the 613 area code and the 8th fastest growing community in the entire province, having grown at a rate of 26.6%. Embrun's growth slowed somewhat in the part of the 2000s decade, from 26.6% in 2001-2006 to 12.8% in 2006-2011, this growth rate is still much higher than the average Ontario growth rate, 5.7%.
As a result of this slowdown Embrun's growth ranking slipped to 6th fastest growth rate in the 613 area code and 25th fastest in Ontario. Growth is expected to continue, with projections indicating that Embrun's population will exceed 10,000 by 2021, nearly double what it was in 2006. In 1898 the New York and Ottawa Railway was built; this railway, which travelled between Tupper Lake, New York and Ottawa, stopped at Embrun six times every day except for Sunday. This railway line continued operation until 1957, when a combination of pressures from the National Capital Commission, who wished to cut down on the number of railway lines through Ottawa in an effort to eliminate noise pollution, as well as from the Saint Lawrence Seaway project, which required the removal of the railway's bridge in Cornwall, caused the railway line to shut down; the last trains ran in February 1957, in April CN purchased the railway track and proceeded to demolish it. Although some segments in Cornwall and Ottawa were retained, the line through Embrun was scrapped.
A few decades the municipal government constructed a rail trail on the right of way, which remains in use to the present day. Embrun is a bedroom community: a majority of the population works in nearby Ottawa and commutes into the city on a daily basis. A large proportion of these people are people with post-secondary education who work in the Canadian civil service or Ottawa's large high-tech sector; this has been the case since the mid-20th century. Prior to agriculture employed the majority of the community's population. Agriculture still has a significant presence in the area, it bovine in the region. These farms include hundreds of sheep and numerous other products. Two newspapers are published in Embrun: The Prescott-Russell News. La Nouvelle, a weekly newspaper published in French, has closed. A newspaper, published in Rockland called Vision is delivered in Embrun as well; the Villager, a newspaper, published in the neighbouring town of Russell, is delivered in Embrun. Unlike Vision, The Villager is a paper that people must buy at a local store.
Embrun has three elem
Alfred and Plantagenet
Alfred and Plantagenet is a township in eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell. Located 70 km from downtown Ottawa at the confluence of the Ottawa River and the South Nation River; the township was formed on January 1, 1997, through the amalgamation of Alfred Township, Alfred Village, North Plantagenet Township, Plantagenet Village. Near the town of Alfred, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources has designated the Alfred Bog as "a provincially significant wetland and an Area of Natural and Scientific Interest." Species of interest include the palm warbler, northern pitcher-plant, pink lady's-slipper, bog elfin and bog copper butterflies, ebony boghaunter dragonfly. It hosts one of the most southerly herds of moose; the bog is open to the public with a 272-metre boardwalk. The township comprises the communities of Alfred, Alfred Station, Blue Corners, Coin Gratton, Glenburn, Jessups Falls, Pendleton, Plantagenet Station, Senecal, The Rollway, Treadwell and Westminster.
The township administrative offices are located in Plantagenet. List of municipalities in Ontario List of townships in Ontario List of francophone communities in Ontario
Gatineau-Ottawa Executive Airport
Gatineau-Ottawa Executive Airport is located 1 nautical mile northeast of Gatineau, Canada. It has a 6,000 ft × 150 ft asphalt runway oriented east-west; the airport is equipped with Canada Customs facilities for aircraft coming from outside Canada, a car rental counter and a restaurant. Scheduled air service from Gatineau has seen limited success, with the most common route being one to Quebec City. Since January 2017, this route has been serviced by Air Liaison. Most residents of Gatineau use the nearby Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport, or travel to Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport in Montreal; the airport was inaugurated in 1978 and transferred to the City of Gatineau in 1991. The airport houses the Vintage Wings of Canada, a nationwide non-for-profit organization that educates youth by use of vintage aircraft; the airport hosts an annual Aero Gatineau-Ottawa air show. The airport offers free wifi. Vintage Wings of Canada - Historical Aircraft Collection and Youth education organization Go SkyDive - Sky Diving Hélicraft 2000 Inc.
- Helicopter Pilot Training List of airports in the Ottawa area Executive airport Executive Gatineau-Ottawa Airport Page about this airport on * COPA's Places to Fly airport directory Past three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for Ottawa/Gatineau Airport from Nav Canada as available
Smiths Falls is a town in Eastern Ontario, with a population of 8,978 according to the 2011 census. It is separated from the county; the Rideau Canal waterway passes through the town, with four separate locks in three locations and a combined lift of over 15 metres. The town's name was sometimes alternatively spelled "Smith's Falls" or "Smith Falls", but "Smiths Falls" is now considered correct; the town is named after Thomas Smyth, a United Empire Loyalist who in 1786 was granted 400 acres in what is present-day Smiths Falls. The Heritage House Museum known as the Ward House, was designated under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1977. At the time of construction of the Rideau Canal a small settlement had been established around a mill operated by Abel Russell Ward, who had bought Smyth's land. Colonel By ordered the removal of Ward's mill to make way for the canal, he settled with Ward for £ one of the largest claims made by mill owners on the canal. The disruption of industry caused by the building of the canal was only temporary, Smiths Falls grew following construction.
An article in Smith's Gazetteer in 1846 described the town as a "flourishing little village pleasantly situated on the Rideau River and on the Canal, fourteen miles from Perth. It contains about 700 inhabitants. There are fifty dwellings, two grist mills, two sawmills, one carding and fulling mill, seven stores, six groceries, one axe factory, six blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, one cabinet maker, one chair-maker, three carpenters, one gunsmith, eleven shoemakers, seven tailors, one tinsmith and two taverns." A 36-foot drop in less than a quarter of a mile posed an obstacle to navigation at Smiths Falls. A natural depression to the south of the river was used to create a flight of three locks, known as Combined Lockstation today; the natural course of the river was dammed to create a basin upstream of the locks. At the upper end of the basin a fourth lock was constructed. A mile below the Combined Lockstation is a flight of two locks called the Old Slys Lockstation; this station is named for the original settler at William Sly.
A dam and waste weir control water levels upstream of the locks. Defensible lockmasters' houses were built at all three stations in Smiths Falls; the house at Old Slys was built in 1838 and the houses at Combined and Detached around 1842. Only the house at Combined has a second storey, added late in the 19th century; the defensible lockmaster's house at Detached Lockstation was torn down in 1894. In the 1850s the major railway companies were looking to build main trunk lines linking Toronto and Montreal; the two major companies at the time, the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Grand Trunk Railway, were competing for the easiest routes to lay track. At one point a fledgling third national railway, the Canadian Northern Railway, was trying to squeeze itself into the busy Montréal-Ottawa-Toronto corridor. For a number of geographical reasons, due to the proximity of the Rideau Canal, the town of Smiths Falls became a major focal point for both the CPR and the CNoR; each used a mix of new construction to build their networks.
CP purchased the 1859-era Brockville and Ottawa Railway, a line from Brockville-Smiths Falls-Sand Point/Arnprior with a branch Smiths Falls-Perth. CNoR built a 1914-era main line from Ottawa-Smiths Falls-Sydenham. By 1887, the CPR had extended its Toronto-Smiths Falls mainline to reach Montréal; this gave the town direct rail lines in half a dozen directions on two different rail companies. During World War II, Axis prisoners of war were transported to Canadian POW camps via the railway, it was near Smiths Falls that German soldier Oberleutnant Franz von Werra jumped from a POW train and escaped to the United States reaching his homeland. Von Werra was, the only escaped Axis POW to return home during the war and his story was told in the book and film entitled The One That Got Away; the North American première of the film occurred on Thursday, 6 March 1958 at the Soper Theatre in Smiths Falls. Both the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian Northern had established stations in the town, with the creation of Via Rail, the CN station was abandoned and all passenger traffic routed though the CPR station until a new Smiths Falls railway station opened in 2010.
The CN station is now home to the Railway Museum of Eastern Ontario. The railway station, along with the nearby railway bascule bridge, comprise the town's two National Historic Sites of Canada; the Cataraqui Trail now follows the former CN railbed southwest from Smiths Falls, starting from a parking lot at the end of Ferrara Drive. The town's council includes six councillors elected on the basis of one per ward; the members of council elected as of the 2018 municipal election are:Mayor: Shawn Pankow Councillors: Peter Mckenna Christopher McGuire Niki Dwyer Lorraine Allen Wendy Alford Jay Brennan The town is on the Rideau Canal system for recreational boating, is served by the Smiths Falls-Montague Airport for general aviation. It is a major railway junction point, its station receives regular passenger service to Ottawa and Toronto from Via Rail. Several manufacturers were based in Smiths Falls the best-known being the Canadian operation of The Hershey Company (opened in
Pendleton Airport, is located 3 nautical miles northwest of Pendleton, Canada, east of Ottawa. The airfield is operated by the Gatineau Gliding Club. During the Second World War, Pendleton Airport was established as RCAF Station Pendleton and hosted No. 10 Elementary Flying Training School for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan after the school moved from Hamilton in 1942. The school provided initial pilot training on Finch aircraft. While most of the airports involved in the plan have either closed or gone through extensive changes, Pendleton still preserves most of the original character of a BCATP airport: it has the original three short runways arranged in a triangle, several of the original World War II buildings, including the main hangar. In 1942 the aerodrome was listed as RCAF Aerodrome - Pendleton, Ontario at 45°29′N 75°06′W with a variation of 14 degrees east and elevation of 260 ft. Three runways were listed as follows: The Gatineau Gliding Club purchased the airfield from Crown Assets in 1961 and is the owner since then.
The Gatineau Gliding Club is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting motorless flight in Canada. List of airports in the Ottawa area. Gatineau Gliding Club Page about this airport on COPA's Places to Fly airport directory Soaring Association of Canada Video: landing at the Pendleton Airport from a motor-glider cockpit
Gatineau is a city in western Quebec, Canada. It is the fourth-largest city in the province after Montreal, Quebec City, Laval, it is located on the northern bank of the Ottawa River across from Ottawa, together with which it forms Canada's National Capital Region. As of 2016, Gatineau had a population of 276,245, a metropolitan population of 332,057; the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area had a population of 1,323,783. Gatineau is coextensive with a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality and census division of the same name, whose geographical code is 81, it is the seat of the judicial district of Hull. The current city of Gatineau is centred on an area called Hull, the oldest European colonial settlement in the National Capital Region; this area was not developed until after the American Revolutionary War, when the Crown made land grants to Loyalists for resettlement in Upper Canada. Hull was founded on the north shore of the Ottawa River in 1800 by Philemon Wright at the portage around the Chaudière Falls just upstream from where the Gatineau and Rideau rivers flow into the Ottawa.
Wright brought his family, five other families, twenty-five labourers to establish an agricultural community. They considered the area a mosquito-infested wilderness, but soon after and his family took advantage of the large lumber stands and became involved in the timber trade. The original settlement was called Wrightstown, was renamed as Hull. In 2002, after amalgamation, it was part of a larger jurisdiction named the City of Gatineau. In 1820, before immigrants from Ireland and other parts of Great Britain arrived in great numbers, Hull Township had a population of 707, including 365 men, 113 women, 229 children; the high number of men were related to workers in the lumber trade. In 1824, there were 803 persons. During the rest of the 1820s, the population of Hull doubled, owing to the arrival of Ulster Protestants. By 1851, the population of the County of Ottawa was 11,104. By comparison, Bytown had a population of 7,760 in 1851. By 1861, Ottawa County had a population of 15,671. French Canadians migrated to the Township.
The Gatineau River, like the Ottawa River, was a basic transportation resource for the draveurs, workers who transport logs via the rivers from lumber camps until they arrived downriver. The log-filled Ottawa River, as viewed from Hull, was featured on the back of the Canadian one-dollar bill; the last of the dwindling activity of the draveurs on these rivers ended a few years later. Ottawa was founded as the terminus of the Rideau Canal; this was built under the command of Col. John By as part of fortifications and defences constructed after the War of 1812 against the United States. Named Bytown, Ottawa was not designated as the Canadian capital until the mid-19th century, after the original parliament in Montreal was torched by a rioting mob of Anglo-Canadians on 25 April 1849, its greater distance from the Canada–US border made the new parliament less vulnerable to foreign attack. Nothing remains of the original 1800 settlement of Hull; the downtown Vieux-Hull sector was destroyed by a terrible fire in 1900.
The bridge was rebuilt to join Ottawa to Hull at Victoria Island. In the 1940s, during World War II, along with various other regions within Canada, such as the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Île Sainte-Hélène, was the site of prisoner-of-war camps. Hull's prison was identified only by a number; the prisoners of war were organized by status: civilian or military status. In the Hull camp, POWs were Italian and German nationals detained by the government as potential threats to the nation during the war; as a result of the Conscription Crisis of 1944, Canadians who had refused conscription were interned in the camp. The prisoners were required to perform hard labour, which included lumbering the land. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the decaying old downtown core of Hull was redeveloped. Old buildings were replaced by a series of large office complexes. In addition some 4,000 residents were displaced, many businesses uprooted along what was once the town's main commercial area. On 11 November 1992, Ghislaine Chénier, Mayoress by interim for the city of Hull, unveiled War Never Again, a marble stele monument that commemorates the cost of war for the men and children of the city of Hull.
As part of the 2000–06 municipal reorganization in Quebec, the five municipalities that constituted the Communauté urbaine de l'Outaouais were merged on 1 January 2002 to constitute the new city of Gatineau. They were: Aylmer Buckingham Hull Gatineau Masson-AngersAlthough Hull was the oldest and most central of the merged cities, the name Gatineau was chosen for the new city; the main reasons given were that Gatineau had more residents, this name was associated with the area: it was the name of the former county, the valley, the hills, the park and the main river within the new city limits. Some argued that the French name of Gatineau was more appealing to the majority French-speaking residents. Since the former city of Hull represents a large area distinct from what was known as Gatineau, some people refer to "Vieux Hull"; the name "Hull" was informally use