Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 425,195 as of 2017, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area. An act to incorporate the city was passed on May 4, 1852, incorporation was approved on March 25, 1854, which made Oakland a city. Oakland is a charter city. Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, north coastal scrub, its land served as a rich resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco. Oakland's fertile flatland soils helped. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Francisco citizens moved to Oakland, enlarging the city's population, increasing its housing stock and improving its infrastructure.
It continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, a thriving automobile manufacturing industry. The earliest known inhabitants were the Huchiun Indians; the Huchiun belonged to a linguistic grouping called the Ohlone. In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream that enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville. In 1772, the area that became Oakland was colonized, with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. In the early 19th century, the Spanish crown granted the East Bay area to Luis María Peralta for his Rancho San Antonio; the grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons. Most of Oakland fell within the shares given to Antonio Vicente; the portion of the parcel, now Oakland was called Encinal—Spanish for "oak grove"—due to the large oak forest that covered the area, which led to the city's name. During the 1850s—just as gold was discovered in California—Oakland started growing and developing because land was becoming too expensive in San Francisco.
The Chinese were struggling financially, as a result of the First Opium War, the Second Opium War, the Taiping Rebellion, so they began migrating to Oakland in an effort to provide for their families in China. However, the Chinese struggled to settle because they were discriminated against by the white community and their living quarters were burned down on several occasions; the majority of the Chinese migrants lived in unhealthy conditions in China and they had diseases, so plague spread into San Francisco though the Chinese were inspected for diseases upon their arrival to San Francisco. In 1851, three men—Horace Carpentier, Edson Adams, Andrew Moon—began developing what is now downtown Oakland. In 1852, the Town of Oakland became incorporated by the state legislature. During this time, Oakland had 75-100 inhabitants, two hotels, a wharf, two warehouses, only cattle trails. Two years on March 25, 1854, Oakland re-incorporated as the City of Oakland, with Horace Carpentier elected the first mayor, though a scandal ended his mayorship in less than a year.
The city and its environs grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminal in the late 1860s and 1870s. In 1868, the Central Pacific constructed the Oakland Long Wharf at Oakland Point, the site of today's Port of Oakland. A number of horsecar and cable car lines were constructed in Oakland during the latter half of the 19th century; the first electric streetcar set out from Oakland to Berkeley in 1891, other lines were converted and added over the course of the 1890s. The various streetcar companies operating in Oakland were acquired by Francis "Borax" Smith and consolidated into what became known as the Key System, the predecessor of today's publicly owned AC Transit. Oakland was one of the worst affected cities in California, impacted by the plague epidemic. Quarantine measures were set in place at the Oakland ports requiring the authorities at the port to inspect the arriving vessels for the presence of infected rats. Quarantine authorities at these ports inspected over a thousand vessels per year for plague and yellow fever.
By 1908, over 5,000 people were detained in quarantine. Hunters were sent to poison the affected areas in Oakland and shoot the squirrels, but the eradication work was limited in its range because the State Board of Health and the United States Public Health Service were only allotted about $60,000 a year to eradicate the disease. During this period Oakland did not have sufficient health facilities, so some of the infected patients were treated at home; the State Board of Health along with Oakland advised physicians to promptly report any cases of infected patients. Yet, in 1919 it still resulted in a small epidemic of Pneumonic plague which killed a dozen people in Oakland; this started when a man killed a squirrel. After eating the squirrel, he fell ill four days and another household member contracted the plague; this in turn was passed on either indirectly to about a dozen others. The officials in Oakland acted by issuing death certificates to monitor the spread of plague. At the time of incorporation in 1852, Oaklan
Crissy Field, a former U. S. Army airfield, is now part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco, United States. Part of the Presidio of San Francisco, Crissy Field closed as an airfield after 1974. Under Army control, the site was affected by dumping of hazardous materials; the National Park Service took control of the area in 1994 and, together with the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, worked to restore the site until 2001, when the Crissy Field Center was opened to the public. While most buildings have been preserved as they were in the 1920s, some have been transformed into offices, retail space, residences; the land Crissy Field resides on is an ancient 130-acre salt estuary. Prior to European settlement, the Ohlone people used the area for harvesting fish, they lived in seasonal camps in the area, leaving behind shell middens in the archaeological record. The Spanish called the area El Presidio, they began to use the area for livestock agriculture. The 127-acre marsh site was filled in during the 1870s.
This alteration was finished in time for the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition. The U. S. Army took control of the Presidio in 1846, using the tidal wetland as a wasteland for dumping and draining. After filling in the marshlands, the Army created an aerodrome. During World War I the Army constructed numerous temporary buildings on the site of the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition at the Presidio of San Francisco and linked it to Fort Mason with a rail spur. In July 1918 Congress passed Public Law 189 to establish eight "air coast defense stations" and appropriated $1.5 million for the construction of one of them at the Presidio, to protect San Francisco Bay. In June 1919 the Army assigned Colonel Henry H. Arnold of the Air Service as Air Officer, Western Department, directed him to convene a board of four officers to select the site; the board chose the former exposition site as much for its sheltered beach to protect seaplane operations as the fact that the infield of its racetrack was in use as an aviation field.
Although the wartime appropriations were reduced by the end of the war, demolition of buildings posing a landing hazard began in the fall of 1919. The east-west clay and sand landing field was kidney-shaped with the outline of the racetrack still visible; the western end of the field featured workshops and a garage for the army. To the immediate east along the southern edge was the guardhouse in Classical/Mediterranean Revival Style architecture, the administrative building in American Craftsman/Mediterranean Revival, a two-story enlisted barracks in Mission Revival Style; the bluff overlooking the field had the row of officer's quarters. Arnold led the effort to name the facility "Crissy Field" in memory of Major Dana H. Crissy, the base commander of Mather Field, California. Crissy and his observer died on 8 October 1919 in the crash of their de Havilland DH-4B while attempting a landing at Salt Lake City, during a 61-airplane "transcontinental reliability and endurance test" conducted by the Air Service from the Presidio's field and Roosevelt Field, New York.
Construction proceeded throughout 1920, including a seaplane ramp adjacent to the Coast Guard Station on the grounds, the Army accepted the facility on June 24, 1921, as a sub-post of the Presidio. The first unit assigned to the field, the 91st Observation Squadron, arrived from Mather in August, the first commanding officer, Major George H. Brett, in October. In the early years, Crissy Field involved the viewing of artillery fire, aerial photography, liaison flights for headquarter personnel, special civilian missions such as publicity flights and search and rescues, a support field for U. S. Air Mail; the first Western aerial forest fire patrols took place from Crissy Field. The first successful dawn-to-dusk transcontinental flight across the United States ended at Crissy Field in June 1924; that same year, the army's first aerial circumnavigation of the world stopped at Crissy Field, Lowell H. Smith, stationed at the field, led the flyers upon their return. In 1925, two Navy flying boats led by Commander John Rodgers took off from Crissy Field, marking the first attempt to fly from the continental United States to Hawaii.
The flight was expected to take 26-hours, but it took twelve days when the PN-9 ran out of fuel short of land, crew and aircraft had to be rescued at sea. Two years Air Corps Lieutenants Lester Maitland and Albert Hegenberger flew non-stop to Hawaii in the Bird of Paradise, a specially modified transport plane, after staging at Crissy Field. Crissy Field was considered ideal for air operations; however and fog made for poor flying conditions, construction of the Golden Gate Bridge threatened to make local flights more difficult, the 3,000-foot runway was too short for more loaded aircraft. The Army considered Crissy Field vulnerable to possible enemy ship attacks due to its location on the water's edge of the San Francisco Bay. In 1936, Hamilton Field opened in Marin County, while Crissy Field ceased to be a first-line air base, air operations continued until the 1970s; when the air corps left, the administration building served as the headquarters for the 30th Infantry Regiment, the landing field was used as an assembly area for troop mobilization.
During World War II, temporary wooden barracks and classrooms were built on site for the army's Military Intelligence Service Language School. Nisei soldiers were trained as battlefield interpreters, as well. After World War II a paved runway replaced the grass landing field and the Sixth Army Flight Detachment used Crissy Field for light utility and passeng
Hayward Executive Airport
Hayward Executive Airport is a municipal airport in Hayward, California. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a reliever airport; the towered airport near the east shore of San Francisco Bay was the Hayward Air Terminal. The airport was built in 1942 during World War II as an auxiliary field to Chico Army Air Field and was Hayward Army Air Field; the primary aircraft were Lockheed P-38 Lightnings. This post may have been named "Russell City Army Air Field" for the unincorporated area outside of the Hayward city limits where it was located; the airfield was assigned to the United States Army Air Forces Fourth Air Force. After the war the airport was declared surplus. In April 1947 the War Assets Administration quitclaimed the airfield, comprising some 690 acres and related buildings and equipment, to the City of Hayward; the airfield was renamed Hayward Municipal Airport. The California Air National Guard moved onto land adjoining the airport in 1949, it was the home of the 61st Fighter Wing which included the 194th Fighter Squadron on June 25, 1948.
The 61st Fighter Wing was re-designated as the 144th Fighter Bomber Wing on November 1, 1950. The wing consisted of the 192nd Fighter Squadron at Reno and the 191st Fighter Squadron at Salt Lake City, Utah; the North American P-51D Mustang and the P-51H were flown from 1948 until October 31, 1954. During its early years with the P-51D/H, the unit earned prominence as one of the Air Force's most respected aerial gunnery competitors. In June 1953, while still flying the P-51, the unit qualified for the first all-jet, worldwide gunnery meet. Using borrowed F-86A Sabre jets, the 144th, which represented the Air National Guard, placed fifth in competition; this unit relocated to Fresno Air Terminal and is now the 144th Fighter Wing of the California Air National Guard at Fresno Air National Guard Base. On April 3, 1955 the 129th Air Resupply Squadron was established at Hayward and equipped with Curtiss C-46D Commandos in the Summer 1955 supplemented by Grumman SA-16A Albatrosses in 1958; the C-46Ds were phased out 1 November 1958, the unit was redesignated as the 129th Troop Carrier Squadron.
A control tower was built in 1960 and on January 20, 1962, the unit reached Group status with federal recognition of the 129th Troop Carrier Group. On May 1, 1980 the remaining California Air National Guard units at Hayward were reassigned to Naval Air Station Moffett Field near San Jose. Today, this unit is the 129th Rescue Wing at Moffett Federal Airfield; the airport covers 543 acres at an elevation of 52 feet. It has two asphalt runways: 10R/28L is 5,694 by 150 feet and 10L/28R is 3,107 by 75 feet, it has H1, 110 by 110 feet. In the year ending October 14, 2010 the airport had 86,069 aircraft operations, average 235 per day: 98% general aviation and 2% air taxi. 368 aircraft were based at the airport: 82% single-engine, 11% multi-engine, 4% jet, 3% helicopter. Hayward Executive Airport is home to the Northern California division of Ameriflight as of September 15, 2012; the airport plans to build a new administration building. The offices are now in the five-story control tower built in 1961, with Federal Aviation Administration offices in the top 3 floors.
The new administration building will be next to the control tower and will be a bit under 5,000 square feet. It is expected to cost $2.88 million. Work is expected to begin in May 2013 and end in March 2014. List of airports in the San Francisco Bay Area List of airports in California California World War II Army Airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/
San Jose International Airport
Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport is a city-owned public airport in San Jose, United States, it is named after San Jose native Norman Mineta, former Transportation Secretary in the Cabinet of George W. Bush and Commerce Secretary in the Cabinet of Bill Clinton; the name recognizes Mineta's service as a councilman for, mayor of, San Jose. It is a U. S. Customs and Border Protection international port of entry, it is situated three miles northwest of Downtown San Jose near the intersections of U. S. Route 101, Interstate 880, State Route 87. In 2017, 49% of departing or arriving passengers at SJC flew on Southwest Airlines. San Jose is the largest city in the Bay Area, but SJC is the second-busiest of the three Bay Area airports by passenger count. SJC served 14.3 million passengers in 2018, surpassing its previous record of 14.2 million passengers set in 2001. SJC has been one of America’s fastest-growing major airports for rate of year-over-year seat capacity growth since 2012. SJC is near downtown San Jose, unlike SFO and OAK, which are around 14 miles and 10 miles from their downtowns.
The location near downtown San Jose is convenient, but SJC is surrounded by the city and has little room for expansion. The proximity to downtown limits the height of buildings in downtown San Jose, to comply with FAA rules. In 1939, Ernie Renzel, a wholesale grocer and future mayor of San Jose, led a group which negotiated an option to buy 483 acres of the Stockton Ranch from the Crocker family, to be the site of San Jose's airport. Renzel led the effort to pass a bond measure to pay for the land in 1940. In 1945, test pilot James M. Nissen leased about 16 acres of this land to build a runway and office building for a flight school; when the city of San Jose decided to develop a municipal airport, Nissen sold his share of the aviation business and became San Jose's first airport manager. Renzel and Nissen were instrumental in the development of San Jose Municipal Airport over the next few decades, culminating with the 1965 opening of what became Terminal C. San Jose's first airline flights were Southwest Airways Douglas DC-3s on the multistop run between San Francisco and Los Angeles, starting in 1948.
Southwest changed its name to Pacific Air Lines and was the only airline at the airport until 1966, when Pacific Southwest Airlines started flying Lockheed L-188 Electras nonstop from LAX and Boeing 727-100s that year. SJC's first airline jets were Pacific Air Lines Boeing 727–100 nonstops to LAX earlier in 1966. Pacific flew Fairchild F-27s to SJC, merged with Bonanza Air Lines and West Coast Airlines to form Air West, renamed Hughes Airwest, continuing at SJC with McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s before it merged into Republic Airlines. In 1968 United Airlines arrived, with Boeing 727 nonstops from Denver, Chicago and LAX, Douglas DC-8 nonstops from New York and Baltimore; the runway which became 12R/30L was 4,500 feet until about 1962— Brokaw Rd was the northwest boundary of the airport. In 1964 it was 6,312 feet, in 1965 it was 7,787 feet, a few years it reached 8,900 feet, where it stayed until around 1991; the two runways are now both 11,000 feet in length. In the early 1980s the airport was one of the first in the country to participate in the noise regulation program enacted by the U.
S. Congress for delineation of airport noise contours and developing a pilot study of residential sound insulation; this program showed that homes near the airport could be retrofitted cost-effectively to reduce indoor aircraft noise substantially. American Airlines opened a hub at San Jose in 1988, using slots it obtained in the buyout of AirCal in 1986. In 1990, Terminal A was opened to help accommodate the American operation. By summer 2001, American served Paris and Tokyo nonstop from San Jose and had domestic flights to Austin, Denver, Las Vegas, Orange County, Phoenix, San Diego and Seattle. After the September 11 attacks and the dot-com bubble burst in 2001, the city lost much of its service. Air Canada dropped its flights to Toronto and Ottawa and American Airlines ended its nonstops to Taipei and Paris. American cancelled service to Miami, St. Louis, Seattle/Tacoma, Denver, Orange County, CA and Phoenix. In November 2001, the airport was renamed after Norman Y. Mineta, a native of San Jose, its former mayor and congressman, as well as both a former United States Secretary of Commerce and a United States Secretary of Transportation.
That same month, the San Jose City Council approved an amended master plan for the airport that called for a three-phase, nine-year expansion plan. The plan, designed by Gensler and The Steinberg Group, called for a single, consolidated "Central Terminal" with 40 gates, an international concourse and expanded security areas; the sail-shaped facade would greet up to 17.6 million passengers a year. A people mover system would link the new terminal with VTA light rail and the planned BART station next to the Santa Clara Caltrain station. Cargo facilities would be moved to the east side of the airport. A long term parking garage would be built. A short term parking lot would be built on the site of Terminal C. On December 16, 2003, the San Jose Airport Commission named the
Watsonville Municipal Airport
Watsonville Municipal Airport is three miles northwest of Watsonville, in Santa Cruz County, California. The airport has two runways; the largest aircraft to land at Watsonville were 05-5141 and 05-5143, C-17 Globemaster IIIs from March ARB, CA. The airport's longest runway is 02-20, 4501' x 149'; the crosswind runway, 09-27, 3998' x 98', is used when winds favor it and when fog is moving across the field from Monterey Bay. The airport is uncontrolled, the CTAF is 122.8 MHz, the ASOS can be received on 132.275 MHz or by calling 831-724-8794. The Navy took over in July, 1943, purchased an additional 35 acres, built support buildings and the concrete ramp. On October 23, 1943, the airport was commissioned as Naval Air Auxiliary Station Watsonville and served as a satellite to Naval Air Station Alameda; as the World War II ended, so did operations at NAAS Watsonville, on Nov. 1, 1945 it was closed and placed on caretaker status. The airport has three approaches, making it a popular instrument training area.
Localizer Runway 02 RNAV Runway 02 VOR/DME-A Instrument pilots have been advised that Watsonville is surrounded by non-IFR traffic that climbs/descends to low stratus layer. ATC calls them out, but they can not always see them. There are frequent traffic calls to CTAF when IMC prevails become important. List of airports of Santa Cruz County, California List of airports in the San Francisco Bay Area Watsonville Municipal Airport Watsonville Fly In and Airshow Watsonville Pilots Association Experimental Aircraft Association: Chapter 119 Monterey Bay Ninety-Nines - local chapter of Ninety Nines organization for women pilots CAP Senior Squadron 13 - local Civil Air Patrol squadron, search & rescue and aviation education AirMonterey, LLC Part 135 On-Demand Air Charter Ocean Air Flight Services Flight Training and Maintenance United Flight Services Flight Training FBO Santa Cruz Flying Club Non-profit Flying Club West Coast Sport Aircraft TECNAM Aircraft Regional Distributor "Watsonville Airport is a wonderful asset for the city", article in Watsonville Register-Pajaronian, 2009-08-18 FAA Airport Master Record for WVI Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for WVI AirNav airport information for KWVI ASN accident history for WVI FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
Oakland International Airport
Oakland International Airport is an international airport in Oakland, United States. It is located 10 miles south of Downtown Oakland and across from San Francisco, situated on the other side of the San Francisco Bay, it is owned by the Port of Oakland and features passenger services to cities in the United States and Europe with additional cargo destinations in China and Japan. In 2018, 13,594,251 people traveled through OAK. Oakland is a focus city for Allegiant Air; as of August 2015 Southwest has 120 daily departures on peak-travel days of the week making it Southwest’s largest operation in California. Alaska Airlines combined with sister-carrier Horizon Air has been the second-busiest carrier at the airport through 2013. In January 2014, Delta overtook Alaska as the airport's No. 2 carrier. The city of Oakland looked into the construction of an airport starting in 1925. In 1927 the announcement of the Dole prize for a flight from California to Hawaii provided the incentive to purchase 680 acres in April 1927 for the airport.
The 7,020-foot-long runway was the longest in the world at the time, was built in just 21 days to meet the Dole race start. The airport was dedicated by Charles Lindbergh September 17. In its early days, because of its long runway enabling safe takeoff rolls for fuel-heavy aircraft, Oakland was the departing point of several historic flights, including Charles Kingsford Smith's historic US-Australia flight in 1928, Amelia Earhart's final flight in 1937. Earhart departed from this airport when she made her final, ill-fated voyage, intending to return there after circumnavigating the globe. Boeing Air Transport began scheduled flights to Oakland in December 1927, it was joined by Trans World Airlines in 1932. In 1929, Boeing opened the Boeing School of Aeronautics on the field, which expanded in 1939 as part of the Civilian Pilot Training Program. Thousands of pilots and mechanics were trained before the facility was changed into the United Air Lines training center in 1945. In 1943, the U. S. Armed Forces temporarily opened Naval Air Station Oakland.
It was transformed into an airlift base for military flights to the Pacific islands, ordering all scheduled service to move to San Francisco International Airport. After the war, airlines returned to Oakland; the airport's first Jet Age airline terminal was designed by John Carl Warnecke & Associates and opened in 1962, part of a $20 million expansion on bay fill that included the 10,000-foot runway 11/29. The May 1963 OAG showed 15 airline flights arriving in Oakland each day, including nine from San Francisco. During the Vietnam War, World Airways shuttled thousands of military passengers through Oakland to their bases in Southeast Asia, an international arrivals facility was built, allowing the airport to handle international flights for the first time. World Airways had broken ground on the World Airways Maintenance Center at Oakland International Airport; the maintenance hangar could store four Boeing 747's. It opened in May 1973. After the war Oakland's traffic slumped, but airline deregulation prompted several low-fare carriers to begin flights.
This increase prompted the airport to build a $16.3 million second terminal, the Lionel J. Wilson Terminal 2, with seven gates for PSA and AirCal service. In 1987 an Air France Concorde visited Oakland to provide supersonic two-hour flights to the Pacific halfway to Hawaii and back to Oakland. FedEx Express opened a cargo base at OAK in 1988, now one of the busiest air freight terminals in the United States. In the 1990s, Southwest Airlines opened a crew base in Oakland, expanded its flights to become the airport's dominant passenger carrier; the airport has international arrival facilities, including U. S. Customs and Border Protection officials. Mexicana Airlines flew between cities in Mexico for many years. In the past Corsairfly flew Orly Airport to OAK to Papeete, Martinair flew to Schiphol Airport and CityBird flew to Brussels Airport in Brussels. United Airlines vacated its 300,000 sq ft Oakland Maintenance Center in May 2003 and transferred work to its base across the bay at San Francisco International Airport.
Oakland International Airport began a $300 million expansion and renovation project in 2004, including adding five gates in Terminal 2. The new concourse opened in fall 2006, was opened by spring 2007, a new baggage claim in Terminal 2 opened in summer 2006; the former Terminal 2 baggage claim has been replaced by a renovated and expanded security screening area. As part of this program, airport roadways and parking lots were renovated by the end of 2008. In 2008 Oakland saw a series of cutbacks due to high fuel costs and airline bankruptcies, more than other Bay Area airports. In just a few days, Oakland's numerous non-stops to Hawaii were eliminated following the liquidation of ATA Airlines and Aloha Airlines, although Hawaiian Airlines started a daily flight to Honolulu a month later. Skybus Airlines stopped flying to Columbus, OH when it ended operations on April 5. American Airlines and Continental Airlines both dropped Oakland on September 3, United Airlines ended service to Los Angeles on November 2, TACA ended service to San Salvador on September 1.
New air traffic control tower A groundbreaking ceremony for a new control tower took place October 15, 2010. A grant awarded to the Federal A
General Aviation represents the'private transport' and recreational flying component of aviation. General aviation is the name or term given to all civil aviation aircraft operations with the exception of commercial air transport or aerial work, they are flight activities not involving commercial air transportation of passengers, cargo or mail for remuneration or hire, or an aerial work operation such as agriculture, photography, surveying and patrol, search and rescue, aerial advertisement, etc. It covers certain commercial and private flights that can be carried out under both visual flight and instrument flight rules, such as light aircraft and private jets or helicopters. General aviation thus represents the'private transport' component of aviation; the International Civil Aviation Organization defines civil aviation aircraft operations in three categories: General Aviation, Aerial Work and Commercial Air Transport. The International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot Associations includes the following definitions for General Aviation aircraft activities: Corporate Aviation: Company own-use flight operations Fractional Ownership Operations: aircraft operated by a specialized company on behalf of two or more co-owners Business Aviation: self-flown for business purposes Personal/Private Travel: travel for personal reasons/personal transport Air Tourism: self-flown incoming/outgoing tourism Recreational Flying: powered/powerless leisure flying activities Air Sports: Aerobatics, Air Races, Rallies etc.
In 2003 the European Aviation Safety Agency was established as the central EU regulator, taking over responsibility for legislating airworthiness and environmental regulation from the national authorities. Of the 21,000 civil aircraft registered in the UK, 96 percent are engaged in GA operations, annually the GA fleet accounts for between 1.25 and 1.35 million hours flown. There are 28,000 Private Pilot Licence holders, 10,000 certified glider pilots; some of the 19,000 pilots who hold professional licences are engaged in GA activities. GA operates from more than 1,800 airports and landing sites or aerodromes, ranging in size from large regional airports to farm strips. GA is regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority, although regulatory powers are being transferred to the European Aviation Safety Agency; the main focus is on standards of airworthiness and pilot licensing, the objective is to promote high standards of safety. General aviation is popular in North America, with over 6,300 airports available for public use by pilots of general aviation aircraft.
In comparison, scheduled flights operate from around 560 airports in the U. S. According to the U. S. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, general aviation provides more than one percent of the United States' GDP, accounting for 1.3 million jobs in professional services and manufacturing. Most countries have authorities that oversee all civil aviation, including general aviation, adhering to the standardized codes of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Examples include the Federal Aviation Administration in the United States, the Civil Aviation Authority in the United Kingdom, Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe in Zimbabwe, the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt in Germany, the Bundesamt für Zivilluftfahrt in Switzerland, Transport Canada in Canada, the Civil Aviation Safety Authority in Australia, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation in India and Iran Civil Aviation Organization in Iran. Aviation accident rate statistics are estimates. According to the U. S. National Transportation Safety Board, in 2005 general aviation in the United States suffered 1.31 fatal accidents for every 100,000 hours of flying in that country, compared to 0.016 for scheduled airline flights.
In Canada, recreational flying accounted for 0.7 fatal accidents for every 1000 aircraft, while air taxi accounted for 1.1 fatal accidents for every 100,000 hours. More experienced GA pilots appear safer, although the relations between flight hours, accident frequency, accident rates are complex and difficult to assess. Environmental impact of aviation List of current production certified light aircraftAssociationsAircraft Owners and Pilots Association Canadian Owners and Pilots Association Experimental Aircraft Association General Aviation Manufacturers Association National Business Aviation Association International Aircraft Owners and Pilots Associations European General Aviation Safety Team "No Plane No Gain" website about business aviation Save-GA.org website concerned with General Aviation in the United States "GA price index". Flight International. 13 Oct 1979