Tofino is a district of 1,932 residents on the west coast of Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The district is located at the western terminus of Highway 4 on the tip of the Esowista Peninsula at the southern edge of Clayoquot Sound. A popular tourist destination in the summer, Tofino's population swells to many times its winter size, it attracts surfers, nature lovers, bird watchers, whale watchers, fishers, or anyone just looking to be close to nature. In the winter it is not as bustling, although many people visit Tofino and the west coast to watch storms on the water. Close to Tofino is Long Beach, a scenic and popular year-round destination, at the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve. With its natural hot springs, Maquinna Marine Provincial Park is a popular day-trip destination for tourists. Reachable by boat or floatplane, the park is located about 45 kilometres north of Tofino; the settlement acquired its name in 1909 with the opening of the Tofino Post Office, named after the nearby Tofino Inlet.
This geographical feature had been named in 1792 by the Spanish explorers Galiano and Valdés, in honour of Admiral Vicente Tofiño de San Miguel y Wanderiales, under whom Galiano had learned cartography. Tofino Airport, 11 km south of the town, is accessible to commercial aircraft. Floatplanes land on the inlet in town. Coastal fog is a common morning phenomenon in the summer, complicating access by air until the weather clears. Tofino is located at the western end of Highway 4 that connects the community with Port Alberni and the population centres on the east coast of Vancouver Island. There are no roads connecting Tofino along the west coast of Vancouver Island except to the nearby community of Ucluelet. Boat services connect Tofino with coastal communities such as Hot Springs Cove. Wildlife-watching tour boats operate in the area. In October 2015, a whale watching vessel capsized off the coast of Tofino resulting the deaths of 6 passengers; every March, the migration of thousands of grey whales is celebrated with the Pacific Rim Whale Festival.
The last weekend of April is the Tofino Shorebird Festival. The first week-end of June brings the Tofino Food and Wine Festival, featuring British Columbia wines and showcasing the creations of Tofino chefs; the end of August brings the Tofino Lantern Festival, early September has the week long Race for The Blue Tuna Shoot-Out from September 7th – 15th, mid-September brings "Art in the Gardens," a two-day arts and music festival. The O'Neill Coldwater Surf Classic was held 25–31 October, the first professional ASP surf event held in Canada. In November is the Clayoquot Oyster Festival, as well as the Queen of the Peak all-female surf competition. Rip Curl Pro Tofino, the official Canadian surfing championship, has been held each year in May, since 2007; the climate is marine west coast, as much of the British Columbia coast, not in a rain shadow. Annual rainfall is high at 3,270.7 mm, unusual for major cities in Canada and for many oceanic climates in the middle latitudes In other continents.
Summers are cool for winters mild for cold. Being the precipitation concentrated in the winter and not in the summer, a Mediterranean characteristic of the Pacific Northwest, however the amount far exceeds to have such categorization. To demonstrate the lightness of the climate, the temperature difference in January of the city with Saint John's is 10 °C in January, being further south, this mild climate allows the growth of more exotic plants in the country, such as palm trees that do not survives in the Atlantic provinces. During the cooler season, there is a lot of precipitation, with 492.1 mm in November alone. Nearly all of the precipitation that falls throughout the course of a year is rain, with 203 days with rain and only 7.8 days with snowfall. Due to its location on the westernmost part of Vancouver Island, Tofino faces the Pacific Ocean, unimpeded by any mountains to the west. Winter cyclonic storms pass over the town deluging it with rain, making it one of the wettest locations in Canada.
The month of November alone brings more precipitation to Tofino than that received for more than an entire year in parts of the BC interior such as Kamloops and Penticton. Like the rest of BC, summer brings relative dryness; the highest temperature recorded in Tofino was 33.9 °C on 15 July 1941. The coldest temperature recorded was −15.0 °C on 30 January 1969. Tofino has modern cell land line access. Tofino has the Tofino-Ucluelet Westerly News. Radio stations heard in Tofino are CHMZ-FM on 90.1 FM, CBC Radio One on 91.5 FM. Public education is offered by the School District 70 Alberni, through the Wickaninnish Community School in Tofino and Ucluelet Secondary School in Ucluelet; the town's hospital is the Tofino General Hospital, operated by the Vancouver Island Health Authority. Montreal third wave ska band The Planet Smashers recorded a song on their album Life of the Party entitled "Surfin' in Tofino". Canadian band Prairie Dance Club recorded a song entitled "Tofino". Tofino was a filming location for the film The Twilight Saga: New Moon in March and April 2009.
South Beach, located near Wickaninnish Beach inside Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Incinerator Rock at Long Beach were used. Go
Tofino Harbour Water Aerodrome
Tofino Harbour Water Aerodrome is located in Tofino Harbour adjacent to Tofino, British Columbia, Canada. List of airports on Vancouver Island
Shawnigan Lake, British Columbia
Shawnigan Lake is a village on British Columbia's Vancouver Island. The name Shawnigan is an adaptation of the Hunquminum name for the Shawnigan Lake, the lake the village is situated at, Shaanii'us, it is part of Electoral Area B in the Cowichan Valley Regional District. As of 2016, the permanent population of Shawnigan Lake is 8,558. A popular recreation destination, its population doubles during the summer, as the lake and village are summer vacation spots for residents of Victoria, who commute between the city and Shawnigan Lake while staying in their summer cabins. In 1883 construction of a railway line between Esquimalt and Nanaimo began. Prior to that, Shawnigan Lake was wilderness and the only supplies were delivered by a weekly steamship to Cowichan Bay. In 1886 John A. Macdonald traveled to Shawnigan to hammer in the last spike at Cliffside. With the new influx of supplies and visitors Shawnigan Lake grew. A mill was started in 1890 by a former N railway employee. By 1900 the other main industry was tourism, with two hotels being built in Shawnigan for the visitors who would take the train up from Victoria.
Shawnigan Lake's forestry industry closed in the mid twentieth century due to both the loss of the mill, destroyed by fire and the economy. Portions of the mill can still be seen in Shawnigan's Old Mill Park; the main railway, no longer active as of 2011, served the community twice daily a passenger only train service operated by Via Rail Canada. Shawnigan Lake is located 48 km north of Victoria, borders the communities of Cobble Hill and Mill Bay. Several new residential developments have been built, both in the Shawnigan Lake area as well as in surrounding areas; the village of Shawnigan Lake, located on the eastern shore, contains two small general stores, three restaurants, several beaches and various small businesses including a barber, gas station,pharmacy and two coffee shops. There is a museum, run by the Shawnigan Lake Historical Society; the north-west end of the village includes many summer cabins and a large lakeside park. The south end of the lake is undeveloped, discounting the lakeshore itself, with scattered farmland and numerous hiking trails.
Residents of Shawnigan Lake have access to nearby communities such as Mill Bay and Langford and Duncan that offer more shopping and educational opportunities. With the exception of two private boarding schools, Shawnigan Lake School and Brookes Shawnigan Lake, the area's only remaining school, Discovery Elementary, is located at the north end of the lake. Elsie Miles Elementary, located within the village proper, was closed in mid-2006 due to age and declining enrollment; the west end of Shawnigan Lake sits on an abandoned CN Rail line, torn up in the 1980s. This line includes the historic Kinsol Trestle which stands as one of the world's largest wooden railway trestles, has been rehabilitated by the Cowichan Valley Regional District along with the help of local residents, which included many fundraising efforts, it was opened to the public in the summer of 2011. Old Mill Park on the east side is a popular beach for swimming. Shawnigan Lake has no significant parkland outside of the park noted above, a Provincial Park on the west side, one small regional park in the village itself.
Several beaches and small day-use areas are scattered around the lake, a large island in the south end of the lake, dubbed'Memory Island' in honor of two lake residents that were lost in World War II, is one such area. The Shawnigan Lake Museum, located in the heart of the village, has been operating since 1983. George Pringle Memorial Camp, now Camp Pringle, was founded in 1950 as a tribute to Rev. George Charles Fraser Pringle 1874-1949. Camp Pringle provides week-long vacations for children and youth of all denominations. George Pringle was born in Ontario, his father George was a shoemaker born in Edinburgh, Scotland, a descendant of the Pringles of Earlston. His mother, Mary Cowan was born in Prince Edward Island, he was an author. He sought adventure during the Yukon gold rush, served in Atlin, in northern British Columbia as a chaplain overseas, during the World War I, was in charge of the Loggers Mission in British Columbia. From his boat "Sky Pilot" he ministered to communities. George is buried in Mountain View Cemetery.
E. J. Hughes, a local artist, he was awarded the Order of Canada in 2001. Sonia Furstenau, MLA for Cowichan Valley
Nanaimo Airport, is located 7 nautical miles south southeast of Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada at 3350 Spitfire Road, Cassidy on 550 acres of land. In 1999, the air terminal was named in honour of World War I ace Raymond Collishaw, born in Nanaimo; the Nanaimo-Collishaw Air Terminal is the passenger terminal for the airport. The air terminal handled 312,000 passengers in 2015 and with the advanced Instrument Landing system now has year round weather reliability of more than 98%, it is a modern air passenger facility supporting a broad range of services and amenities including: car rentals and shuttle service and gift shop. Nanaimo Airport provides service to Vancouver and the lower mainland with 12 daily flights as well as 4 non-stop daily flights to Calgary with both WestJet Encore and Air Canada Express. Seasonal service on Air Canada Rouge to Toronto is available. There is large pay parking area available offering both long and short term vehicle parking as well as designated parking for persons with disabilities.
List of airports on Vancouver Island Nanaimo Airport Website Past three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for Nanaimo Airport from Nav Canada as available
Gold River, British Columbia
Gold River is a village municipality located close to the geographic centre of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. In terms of the Island's human geography it is considered to be part of the "North Island" though it technically is on the Island's west coast. Taking advantage of its deep water and abundant forests, Gold River developed in 1967 as a prototypical logging and pulp and paper industry community. Gold River sprang into prosperity and established excellent community facilities; when shifting world markets brought the mill closure in 1998, many of Gold River's inhabitants were forced to relocate. Since the village has attempted to capitalize on its idealistic setting among picturesque mountains, rivers and forests to develop tourism and sport fishing as its main economic supports. Gold River serves as a base for such famous activities as the Nootka Island trek, hiking the Elk Lake trail and mountain climbing Golden Hinde, Crest Creek climbing crags, MV Uchuck III, the Great Walk.
Gold River serves as a historic point, being the closest village to the famous Yuquot, or "Friendly Cove", where British explorer Captain James Cook first set ashore. There Cook met the Mowachaht native band's Chief Maquinna. Gold River has a Marine west coast climate. With warm dry summers and mild rainy winters, during the winter constant Low Pressure Systems moving off of the Pacific Ocean causes winter to be the wettest season. Most precipitation falls as rain year round but snow is not uncommon in the winter months averaging 118 cm but does not stay long. Summers are warm with an average summer temperate of 17.6 °C in July. The summer months are the driest of the year with only 55.4 mm of rain in July compared to 481.9 mm in November. The average rain fall all year is 2,846.7 mm making the west coast of Vancouver Island the wettest place in Canada. The record high recorded for the village was 41.5 °C recorded on July 28, 2009. The record low was −19 °C recorded on January 28, 1980. Village of Gold River official website "Gold River".
BC Geographical Names. Highway to Gold River BC
"Qualicum" re-directs here. For the neighbourhood in Ottawa, see Qualicum, OttawaQualicum Beach is a town located on Vancouver Island British Columbia, Canada. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 8,943, it is situated at the foot of Mount Arrowsmith, along the Strait of Georgia on Vancouver Island's northeastern coast. Qualicum's natural environment and proximity to Victoria and Vancouver have made it a tourist destination, with rental cottages along its coast, it is a retirement community, has the oldest average population in Canada with a median age of 60.9 in 2006. Qualicum Beach is served by the coast-spanning Island Highway, an airport, a nearby ferry to Lasqueti Island, it is informally considered a twin city with neighbouring Parksville. The name "Qualicum" comes from a Pentlatch language term that means "Where the dog salmon run."In May 1856, Hudson's Bay Company explorer Adam Grant Horne, with a group of aboriginal guides, found a land route across Vancouver Island from the Qualicum River to the Alberni Inlet.
He discovered the Haida massacre of local Salish natives. Horne Lake is named after him. In 1864, the botanist and explorer Robert Brown led the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition through the area, he found the area deserted as a result of the small pox epidemic of 1862. The first settlers arrived in the 1880s. A road was built from Nanaimo to Parksville in 1886 and extended to Qualicum in 1894; the E and N Railway reached Parksville in 1910 and Qualicum in 1914. H. E. Beasley, a railway official, sponsored the creation of The Merchants Trust and Trading Company which organized the original layout of the town and built the golf links and a hotel in 1913. A private boys' residential school, the Qualicum College, was established in 1935 by Robert Ivan Knight; the school grew through the 1960s, but attendance diminished, it closed in 1970. The structure remains, though operated as a hotel for many years, it is vacant and proposed for re-development, its playing fields have been turned into a housing subdivision.
Doukhobor settlers established a communal colony in the adjoining Hilliers farming district from 1946 to 1952. The district of Hilliers was known for its hearty Kangaroo meat production facilities, it was established when Taylor Toms moved to the district in 1934. Qualicum Beach was incorporated as a village on May 5, 1942, was changed to town status on January 7, 1983; the area is growing with new housing subdivisions and a major new highway. It is a favoured golfing community. HMS Qualicum was a ship in the Royal Navy named for the community. In 2002, the town's grocery store, Quality Foods, burned to the ground; the company began rebuilding and set up a temporary store in a local warehouse until the new store was able to accept customers and product. Municipal government of the Town of Qualicum Beach has a council-manager form of government, it is headed by a four-member council. These positions are filled by at-large elections every four years, as provided by British Columbia law; as of October 2018, the mayor is Brian Wiese and he is serving his first term.
School board trustees, for representation on School District 69 Qualicum, are elected by residents of the town, the City of Parksville and the surrounding area. The town funds a volunteer fire department, which serves nearby rural communities; the town has a local ambulance station. The nearest full hospital is Nanaimo Regional General Hospital in Nanaimo. Qualicum Beach is part of the Parksville-Qualicum provincial electoral district, represented by Michelle Stilwell of the BC Liberal Party in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. Federally, Qualicum Beach, in the Courtenay—Alberni riding, is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by NDP Member of Parliament Gord Johns, first elected in 2015. Highway 19A, known as the Oceanside route or the Old Island Highway, runs the length of the town along the shore line of the Strait of Georgia; the modern 4-lane Inland Island Highway, is nearby. The Qualicum Beach exit is its junction with Highway 4, which runs through Cathedral Grove to Port Alberni and to Tofino, Ucluelet and the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve on the south-west coast of the Island.
Island Express Air offers service from Qualicum Beach Airport Scenic, flight training and charter flights are offered by Qualicum Flight Center. The town does offer a launching area for trailered boats. French Creek Harbour, is 5 kilometres south-east on Highway 19A; the town has an area of 12.45 square kilometres. Qualicum Beach is on the Nanaimo lowlands, a narrow plain which lies between the Georgia Basin to the northeast and the Vancouver Island Ranges to the south-west. Landforms were changed by the most recent advance of glacial ice about 18,000 to 19,000 years ago. Marshall-Stevenson Wildlife Sanctuary, in the west end of Qualicum Beach, is a tidal wetlands at the mouth of the Little Qualicum River. Wildlife include: black-tailed deer, Roosevelt elk, black bear, cougar. With the presence of human population, deer and rodents persist. Soil types in the area classified as Orthic Dystric Brunisols and Duric Dystric Brunisols, vary from marginal to unsuitable for agriculture, they tend to be gravelly loamy sand.
Their fertility is low and they are acidic except in near-shore areas where Native American shell middens provide abundant calcium and organic matter. However, they are suitable for development; the climate is Warm-Summer Mediterranean Climate Csb. It has cool, wet winters with 80 to 85% of the year's precipitation between October
Not to be confused with Canadian Transportation Agency. Transport Canada is the department within the Government of Canada responsible for developing regulations and services of transportation in Canada, it is part of the Transportation and Communities portfolio. The current Minister of Transport is Marc Garneau. Transport Canada is headquartered in Ontario; the Department of Transport was created in 1935 by the government of William Lyon Mackenzie King in recognition of the changing transportation environment in Canada at the time. It merged three departments: the former Department of Railways and Canals, the Department of Marine and Fisheries, the Civil Aviation Branch of the Department of National Defence under C. D. Howe, who would use the portfolio to rationalize the governance and provision of all forms of transportation, he created Trans-Canada Air Lines. The Department of Transport Act came into force November 2, 1936. Prior to a 1994 federal government reorganization, Transport Canada had a wide range of operational responsibilities including the Canadian Coast Guard, the Saint Lawrence Seaway and seaports, as well as Via Rail and CN Rail.
Significant cuts to Transport Canada at that time resulted in CN Rail being privatized, the coast guard being transferred to Fisheries and Oceans, the seaway and various ports and airports being transferred to local operating authorities. Transport Canada emerged from this process as a department focused on policy and regulation rather than transportation operations. In 2004, Transport Canada introduced non-passenger screening to enhance both airport and civil aviation security. Transport Canada's headquarters are located in Ottawa at Place de Ville, Tower C. Transport Canada has regional headquarters in: Vancouver – Government of Canada Building on Burrard Street and Robson Street Edmonton – Canada Place, 9700 Jasper Avenue NW Winnipeg – Macdonald Building, 344 Edmonton Street Toronto – Government of Canada Building, 4900 Yonge Street Dorval – Pierre Elliott Trudeau Airport, 700 Place Leigh-Capreol Moncton – Heritage Building, 95 Foundry Street Minister of Transport Marc GarneauDeputy Minister, Transport Canada Michael KeenanAssociate Deputy Minister, Thao Pham Assistant Deputy Minister and Security, Kevin Brousseau Associate Assistant Deputy Minister and Security, Aaron McCrombie Assistant Deputy Minister, Pierre-Marc Mongeau Associate Assistant Deputy Minister and Lead, Navigation Protection Act Review, Catherine Higgens Assistant Deputy Minister, Lawrence Hanson Assistant Deputy Minister, Corporate Services, André Lapointe Assistant Deputy Minister, Natasha Rascanin Director General, Corporate Secretariat, Tom Oommen Director General and Marketing, Dan Dugas Regional Director General, Atlantic Region, Ann Mowatt Regional Director General, Quebec Region, Albert Deschamps Regional Director General, Ontario Region, Tamara Rudge Regional Director General and Northern Region, Michele Taylor Regional Director General, Pacific Region, Robert Dick Departmental General Counsel, Henry K. Schultz Chief Audit and Evaluation Executive, Martin Rubenstein Transport Canada is responsible for enforcing several Canadian legislation, including the Aeronautics Act, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, Motor Vehicle Safety Act, Canada Transportation Act, Railway Safety Act, Canada Shipping Act, 2001, Marine Transportation Security Act amongst others.
Each inspector with delegated power from the Minister of Transport receives official credentials to exercise their power, as shown on the right. These inspectors are public officers identified within the Criminal Code of Canada; the Motor Vehicle Safety Act was established in 1971 in order to create safety standards for cars in Canada. The department acts as the federal government's funding partner with provincial transport ministries on jointly-funded provincial transportation infrastructure projects for new highways. TC manage a database of traffic collisions in Canada. Transport Canada's role in railways include: railway safety surface and intermodal security strategies for rail travel accessibility safety of federally regulated railway bridges safety and security of international bridges and tunnels Inspecting and testing traffic control signals, grade crossing warning systems rail operating rules regulations and services for safe transport of dangerous goods Canadian Transport Emergency Centre to assist emergency response and handling dangerous goods emergenciesFollowing allegations by shippers of service level deterioration, on April 7, 2008, the federal government of Canada launched a review of railway freight service within the country.
Transport Canada, managing the review, plans to investigate the relationships between Canadian shippers and the rail industry with regards to the two largest railroad companies in the country, Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway. On June 26, 2013, the Fair Rail Freight Service Act became law, a response to the Rail Freight Service Review’s Final Report. Transport Canada is responsible for the waterways inside and surrounding Canada; these responsibilities include: responding and investigating marine accidents within Canadian waters enforcing marine acts and regulations establishing and enforcing marine personnel standards and pilotage Marine Safety Marine Security regulating the operation of marine vessels in Canadian watersAs of 2003 the Office of Boating Safety and the Navigable Waters Protection Program were transferred back to Transport Canada. As was certain regulatory aspects of Emergen